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Book Reviews : 252, 383, 527 

Council and General Court Minutes, 1622-29 45, 292, 423 

Genealogy : Barne no 

Corbin 124, 243, 374, 520 

Grosvenor 126 

Lovelace and Connections no, 227, 363 

Pudsey 127 

Sandys 227 

Todd, Day, Bickerton, Hubbard, Dallam, Gorsuch 343 

Tucker (Norfolk) 516 

Illustrations : Michel's Map, 1707 Frontispiece, Jan. Magazine 

William and Mary College, 1724-1859, 

Frontispiece April Magazine 

Rt. Rev. James Madison 140a 

St. George Tucker 152a 

Chapman Johnson 154a 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh 156a 

The Raleigh Tavern 162a 

The Apollo Room 162a 

Graythwaite Hall 226a 

Tomb of Wm. and Margret Sandys 228a 

Archbishop Edwin Sandys 230a 

Cicely, wife of Archbishop Sandys 232a 

Tomb of Archbishop Sandys 234a 

Tomb of Cicely Sandys 234a 

Sir Edwin Sandys 236a 

Tomb of Sir Edwin Sandys 240a 

George Sandys 242a 

Joseph C. Cabell 260a 

Francis W. Gilmer 282a 

Communion Service, 1618-19 300a 

Henry Corbin 374a 

Lightfoot Tombs, Sandy Point 380a 

Champlain Map, 1632, section 412a 

Log Cabins 415a, 417a 

Laird Houses 419a 

Pocahontas Statue 514a 

Corbin, Mrs. Betty (Tayloe) 520a 


Jackson, Andrew, Letter to R. K. Call 191 

Notes and Queries 97, 225, 356, 407 

Preston Papers 29 

Revolution, Virginia State Troops in 58, 439 

Valley of Virginia, Projected Swiss Colonies in, 1706-1709 1 

Early Projected Swiss Colonies in 180 

Documents Relating to Proposed Swiss and German Colony 

IN 287 

Virginia Gleanings in England (Wills) 36, 344, 431 

Virginia in 1683: Instructions to Culpeper and Answers 52 

Virginia Quit Rent Rolls : 

Surry County 18 

Isle of Wight 337 

Nansemond 402 

Virginia Historical Society, Officers and Members, January, 

1921 January Magazine 

Virginia Historical Pageant Association 303, 448 

Virginia War History Commission Supplements 65, 193, 305, 449 

Watson, David, Letters to 257 

William and Mary College, Letters From, 1798-1801 129 

$5.00 per Annum 

Single No. $1.50 







VOIi. XXIX— No. 1 

JANUARY, 1921 


Entered at the Postoffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter 


109 Governor Street, Richmond, Va. 





1. Swiss Colonies in the Valley of Virginia I 

2. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704 18 

3. Preston Papers 29 

4. Virginia Gleanings in England 36 

5. Minutes of the Council and General Court 45 

6. Virginia in 1683 52 

7. Virginia State Troops in the Revolution 58 

8. Virginia War History Commission Supplement. ... 65 

9. Notes and Queries 97 

10. Genealogy no 

(Lovelace and Corbin Families) 

11. Officers and Members of the Society, Jan. 1921. 



Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXIX January, 1921 No. 1 



OF VIRGINIA, 1706-1709 

From the British Public Record Office, London, England. 

Contributed and edited by Charles E. Kemper, Staunton, Va. 

These documents were secured in the year 1907 from the 
Public Record Office, London. They contain all the know- 
ledge possessed by the writer concerning the first exploration 
of the Valley of Virginia and are, in all probability, the earliest 
documents which exist in regard to the region in question. 

The fact that George Ritter and his associates of Berne, 
Switzerland, are endeavoring to obtain a large grant of land 
in the Valley in 1705 indicates that a portion of the Valley 
had been explored as early as 1704 or 1705, but no account 
of the exploration is known to exist. 

The first actual settlements in the Valley are described with 
considerable fullness in 'The Early Westward Movement of 
Virginia, 1731-34, by the appended notes for which see this 
Magazine, XII, 337-352 ; XIII, 1-16, 113-138, 281-297, 351-374. 

The earliest document known to exist describing an actual 


settlement in the Valley in a letter written by Jost Hite to 
Lord Fairfax in 1741. The original of this letter is in the 
Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, and in it Hite states 
that he had lived in Philadelphia County, Pa., where he owned 
a mill and had sold the property in 1731 and had moved in the 
fall of that year to the Valley of Virginia. This gives us the 
year of the Hite settlement in the region around Winchester, 

The map is one of the earliest, if not the earliest map of the 
Valley of Virginia. The original is on file in the Public 
Record Office, London, and it is now published for the first 

Charles E. Kemper. 

Accompany the map is a "key", which is here given in 
translation from the French original. 

"(H. M. Public Record Office, Board of Trade, Virginia. 
Vol. Co/13, p. 33). 

Reference to Map. 

A. Rocks in the River called Potomack, as far as one can 
ascend in barques and beyond in small boats. 

B. A spring which flows 60 miles from Annapolis. 

C. First hut which was made to sleep in on the trail on 
their route. 

D. A river called Quattaro [The Monacacy River, Md.]. 

E. Mountains of Virginia [The Blue Ridge and Alle- 

F. Region of the Mesesipi. 

G. Mountains of Cenuntua [The Massanutten range]. 

( )ur friend who has made the voyage in this district, writes 
us that it contains mountains, valleys and plains. 

There is land that is dry and barren and where it is diffi- 
cult to pass through the wild brush-wood. 

On the contrary, there is good land, where are great forest 
trees of oak, and where much srame abounds. 


All this country is uninhabited except some Indians. From 
one hut to another marks a day's journey. 

We humbly pray his Majesty to have the grace to grant us 
this district with such priveleges His Majesty may find suit- 
able, to there establish a Swiss Colony." 

Mr. Kemper makes the following note on the map : 

"This map of Louis Michel, based upon explorations made 
by him in 1707. The original is on file in the Public Record 
Office, London, in the Board of Trade Papers for 1708 and 
1709. It is filed with a petition from Baron De Graffenried 
and Louis Michel who sought a large grant of land in the 
Shenandoah Valley in order to settle a Swiss colony there. 
The photographic copy was made from a wax tracing of the 
original. The starting point of the explorer was Annapolis, 
Maryland, and his journey ended in the neighborhood of the 
present Edinburgh, Shenandoah county, Virginia. The 
Massanutten range is shown in the forks of the North and 
South branches of the Shenandoah, and Michel calls the range 
"The Mountains of Cenuntua" ; the earliest name the writer 
has yet found for the range in question. The tents represent 
the camping places of the explorer; the lines (dotted) his 

Mr. Kemper also sends the following from the Pennsylvania 
Records : 

"At a meeting of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania 
which was held at Philadelphia February 24, 1707, a message 
was received from the Indians on Conastogo in that Province, 
in substance to the effect that certain Europeans, namely: 
Mitchel (Louis Michell), a Swiss, Peter Bezalion, James 
LeTort, Martin Chartiere, the French glover from Philadel- 
phia, Frank, a young man from Canada, and one from Vir- 
ginia who also spoke French, had lately taken up their resi- 
dence in Pennsylvania and had seated themselves and built 
houses upon the branches of the Potomac and pretended they 
were in search of some mineral or ore. Mitchell was the 


leader of the expedition and had been gone for many weeks 
past from their settlement (Michell's) and presumably had 
one Clark, of Maryland, to assist him in the discovery. This 
is in substance the statement made by the Indians to the 
Council. The parties named above were required by order of 
the Council to appear and give account of themselves on the 
following day, February 25, 1707. Michell appeared as 
ordered, and stated that he had been employed by certain of 
his countrymen who were in treaty with the Crown and pro- 
prietor (William Penn) with reference to a convenient tract 
of land upon which to settle a colony of their people. 

The order of the Council shows that Louis Michell and his 
party were then, February 25, 1707, living on the "forks of 
the Potawmac". Minutes of the Provincial Council of Penn- 
sylvania, Vol. 2, pp. 420-422. 

The foregoing record of the Provincial Council of Penn- 
sylvania clearly shows that a settlement more or less perma- 
nent had been made by Louis Michell in the vicinity of the 
present Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, in 1706. The auto- 
biography of Baron DeGrafTenreid published in the Colonial 
Record of North Carolina shows that he visited the settlement 
mentioned in this Council Order in 1712, but it was then in 
Western Maryland in the Valley of the Monocacy River, be- 
cause DeGrafTenreid was on the north side of the Potomac and 
Sugar Loaf Mountain in the present County of Frederick, 
Maryland, is mentioned as being in the vicinity of this settle- 

The record quoted also indicates that Louis Michell explored 
the northern portion of the Shenandoah Valley in 1706. His 
map and the key to it shows that Michell started on his expe- 
dition from Annapolis, Maryland, and the Council Order of 
February 24, 1707, show that he was accompanied by "one 
Clark of Maryland". 

[I. Letter from Mr. Hedges to the Board of Trade, sub- 
mitting a petition for settling a colony of Swiss in Virginia, 
March 4, 1706]. 

Record Office, B. T., Virginia, Vol. 40, p. 9. 
1705/6, March the 4th. 


Letter from Mr. SEc y Hedges referring to the Board a 
Petition from Bern, for Setling a Colony of Natives 
of switzerl d in pennsylvania, or virginia. 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Commiss rs 
for Trade & Plantations. 

My Lords & Gentlemen, 

Having Rec d from Mr. Stanyan, by the last Post, the In- 
closed Petition, for settling a Colony of the Natives of Switzer- 
land in America, I send it to you, and desire your thoughts 
upon it, before I lay it before Her Majesty, which I desire you 
will please to send me the Petition again, as soon as Con- 
veniently you can. 

I am, 

My Lords & Gentlemen, Your most humble Servant, 

C. Hedges. 
28th Febrary 1705/6. 

[II.] Petition 1 from Bern relating to the Settling a 
Colony of Switzers in America. 1705/6 March the 4.TH.* 

To The Queen. 

George Ritter, citizen of the city of Berne, submits with the 
profound respect which is due to Your Majesty, that the noble 
Francis Louis Michel, citizen of the said city, having oppor- 
tunely settled in Pennsylvania, did, through your petitioner, 

1 We are indebted to Dr. William J. Hinke, of Auburn, N. Y., for 
translations of the French Documents as indicated and for arranging 
them all. Dr. Hinke is already well known to our readers by most 
valuable contributions formerly made to this Magazine. The first was 
"Moravian Diaries of Travels Through Virginia", translated by Dr. 
Hinke and edited by him in collaboration with Mr. Kemper. These 
were diaries of Moravian Missionaries who passed through Virginia, 
mainly the Shenandoah Valley, 1743-53. These were published in Vols. 
XI, 113-131, 225-242, 370-393; XII, 55-82, 134-153, 271-281. They 
constitute probably the earliest personal narratives of travel through 
the western portion of the Colony. Dr. Hinke's other contribution was 
an admirably edited translation of the journal of Louis Michel (the 
same who explored the Valley) through eastern Virginia &c, 1701- 
1703, published in Vol. XXIV, 1-43, 113-141, 275-303. 

* Translated from the French original. 


solicit a number of persons of the laudable Canton of Berne, 
to go and settle near him in America, and being inclined to do 
this, after having obtained the permission of the noble Lord- 
ships of the said laudable Canton ; the said Ritter has been 
charged, in the name of all, to entreat most humbly Your 
Majesty to consent to the establishment which they propose to 
make of a Swiss colony, and which they intend to form, in 
order to settle some territory hitherto uninhabited in the said 
Pennsylvania, or on the borders of Virginia, with the help of 
the divine grace and the powerful, royal protection of your 

This colony may consist at first of four to five hundred 
persons, Switzers, Reformed Protestants, merchants, manu- 
facturers, artisans, traders, as well as farmers, for whom and 
in whose name the said Ritter petitions Your Majesty to 
grant them, if it is your good pleasure, the following condi- 
tions : 

1. That they may be treated and regarded as true sub- 
jects of Your Majesty. 

2. That to this colony may be granted a district, well situ- 
ated as regards climate, soil and water, near some rivers and 
adequate to the number of the people. 

3. That to each person be given about one hundred acres 
of land in the said district, which shall be called Berne. Let 
this article be merged in the preceding. 

4. That it please Her Majesty to order her governor in that 
country to furnish to the said colony the grain necessary for 
seed and for food during the first year, on condition that it be 
returned either in kind or in value, during the first four years. 

5. That there be full liberty to trade like the natives of 
the country and as do all the other subjects of Your Majesty. 

6. That they be exempted from all taxes during the first 
ten years, after which they will pay them like the other sub- 
jects of Your Majesty. 

7. That they have liberty to choose ministers of the holy 
Gospel, officers of justice and of police, at all times under the 
direction of Your Majesty's governor in the said country. 


8. That after having publicly prayed to God for Your 
Majesty, they be permitted to pray also for their noble Lord- 
ships of the Republic of Berne, who have the honor to be 
allies of Your Majesty. 

9. That the same favors and privileges above mentioned be 
also accorded to all those who in future shall come from 
Switzerland, to reinforce their colony, especially to those of 
the Canton of Berne. 

10. And as this colony cannot pay the expenses of their 
journey and transportation to America, Your Majesty is most 
humbly petitioned to be pleased to give orders to have the said 
colony conveyed in safety to that place, including their bag- 
gage, in such a way that it may embark at Rotterdam in Hol- 
land, and to have them conveyed, at Your Majesty's expense, 
to the place assigned for their settlement. To that end the 
said Ritter, being notified in time, will betake himself, with 
the help of God, together with the said colony to Rotterdam, 
at such a time as may be appointed for him. 

Manwhile the said Ritter and his associates pray God 
ardently for the happy and long preservation of Your Majes- 
ty's sacred person, for the prosperity of her flourishing king- 
doms, and for the glory of her victorious arms. 

George Ritter. 2 

[III. Recommendation by the Councill of Berne to 
Mr. Stanyan, Envoy Extraordinary of Great Britain, 
August 25, 1706.*] 

Some of the citizens of their Excellencies, having duly sub- 
mitted that under their agreement and permission they have 
the intention of forming a colony of four to five hundred per- 
sons from their part of the country, and of conducting and 
establishing it in the West Indies, a country under the juris- 
diction of Her Britannic Majesty, and having to that end also 
presented a very humble petition to her said Majesty with a 

2 George Ritter, son of Jacob Ritter and Magdalena Gouttes, was 
baptized Aug. 8, 1667. He was a druggist by profession. He is said to 
have been twice in America. 

* Translated from the French original. 


prayer that it may please their Excellencies to cause it [the 
said petition] to be handed to Mr. Stanian, envoy extraordi- 
nary of said Britannic Majesty, and to accompany it with 
their recommendations to said Lord, to the end that thereby 
the said very humble petition be placed before her Majesty and 
that afterwards they might receive and learn the decision of 
said Britannic Majesty upon their proposal : 

Their Excellencies, therefore, who have the advance of the 
interests of their citizens and subjects much at heart and par- 
ticularly wish to see the petitioners succeed in their design 
and enterprise, have considered it advisable to send a dele- 
gation of the present Lords and members of their Council to 
the Envoy Extraordinary of her Majesty, the Queen of Great 
Britain, in order to pray in their behalf by the present me- 
morial, to have the goodness to support this matter at Court 
and to second it with his powerful offices and great credit, to 
the end that their said citizens may receive favorable treat- 
ment in their request, and that they may enjoy the favor and 
protection of her Majesty, as also to be informed by her, that, 
in case the State be well disposed in time to send there a 
colony under certain conditions, they may be able to secure 
a large tract of land. 

It is this favor that their Excellencies expect and ask of his 
Lordship, the Envoy, which favor they will try to reciprocate 
by all kinds of favors and services which devolve upon them, 
praying the Almighty that He may maintain the person of his 
Lordship, the Envoy, in His Holy and worthy keeping. 

Done at Berne this 25th day of August 1706. 

To the Queen.* 

George Ritter, citizen of the city of Berne, submits with 
the profound respect which is due to Your Majesty, that the 
noble Francis Louis Michel, citizen of the said city, having 
opportunely settled in America, did, through your petitioner, 
solicit a number of persons of the laudable Canton of Berne, 
to go and settle near him in the said America, and being in- 

* Translated from the French original. 


clined to do this, after having obtained the permission of the 
noble Lordships of the said laudable Canton; the said Ritter 
has been charged, in the name of all, to entreat most humbly 
Your Majesty to consent to the establishment which they pro- 
pose to make of a Swiss Colony, and which they intend to 
form, in order to settle some tract hitherto uninhabited in the 
said America, with the help of divine grace and the powerful, 
royal protection of Your Majesty. 

This colony may consist at first of four to five hundred 
persons, Switzers, Reformed Protestants, artisans and traders 
as well as farmers, for whom and in whose name the said 
Ritter petitions Your Majesty to grant them, if it be your 
good pleasure, the following conditions: 

1. That they may be treated and looked upon as true sub- 
jects of Your Majesty. 

2. That to this colony may be granted a district well situ- 
ated as regards climate, soil and water, near some rivers, navi- 
gable for commerce and proportioned to the number of the 

3. That it may please Her Majesty to order her governor in 
that country to furnish to said colony the grain necessary for 
seed and for food during the first year, on condition that it be 
returned within three or four years in kind or in value. 

4. That there be full liberty to trade like the natives of the 
country and as all other subjects of Your Majesty. 

5. That they be exempted from all taxes during the first 
ten years of the settlement, after which ten years they shall 
pay them like the other subjects of Your Majesty. 

6. That they have liberty to choose ministers of the holy 
Gospel, and the officers of police and justice, however at all 
times under the direction of Your Majesty's governor in the 
said country. 

7. That, after having publicly prayer to God for Your 
Majesty, they be permitted to pray also for their Excellencies 
of the Republic of Berne, who have the honor to be allies of 
Your Majesty. 

8. That the same favors and privileges above mentioned be 
also accorded to all those who in future shall come from Swit- 


zerland, to reinforce their colony, especially to those from the 
Canton of Berne. 

9. And as this colony will not be able to pay the expenses of 
their journey and transportation to America, Your Majesty is 
most humbly petitioned to be pleased to give orders that the 
said colony be conveyed, at the expense of Your Majesty, to 
that place together with their baggage, so that they may em- 
bark at Rotterdam in Holland, and that they may be conveyed, 
at the expense of Your Majesty, to the place chosen for their 
settlement. To this end the said Ritter, having been notified 
in time, will betake himself, with the help of God, together 
with said colony to Rotterdam, at such a time as may be ap- 
pointed for him. 

Meanwhile the said Ritter and his associates pray to God 
ardently for the happy and long preservation of Your Majes- 
ty's sacred person, for the prosperity of her flourishing king- 
doms, and for the glory of her victorious arms. 

[The foregoing document in Vol. 13 is followed by what 
appears to have been the cover or wrapper of the aforesaid 
document and is thus inscribed:] 

(H. M. Public Record Office, Board of Trade Virginia 
Vol [O.] 13. 32.) 

Earl of Sunderland to the Council of Trade. 

,, T . , -, , Whitehall, Tune 28 th 1709. 

My Lords and Gentlemen 

I am commanded by the Queen to referr to your Considera- 
tion the enclosed Petition of severall Inhabitants of the Can- 
ton of Bern who propose to make a Settlement on the Fron- 
tiers of Virginia ; Her Ma ty being desirous to have your Opin- 
ion how far it is practicable & may be for Her Ma ty ' s Service 
& the benefit of Her Subjects to comply with what is therein 

I am, 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

Your most humble Servant, 

_ ., - _ , Sunderland. 

C ouncil ot 1 rude. 


[V. First Memorial of Michel and Graffenried, July 
ii, 1709]. 

The Magistrates of Bern in Switzerland recommends their 
Address by your Lordships most Humble Petition Petition er 
Luis Michell. 

Whom by his repeated travels in the Dominion of Great 
Brittain in North America has Discover'd on the Hed of 
Potomack River and its branches a considerable tract of wild 
and uncultivated deserts being the Westward part of her Maj- 
estys Province of Virginia, which Land by the Industry of a 
Necessitous and Laborious people may in Probability be made 
a Habitation for man The same having not the conveniance of 
Water for carriage and transportation as the present settle- 
ment [s] have, in all probability will lye uncultivated and un- 
inhabited for severall ages which may prove of no good con- 
sequence to the Crown of Great Brittain being of the p'sent 
Settlement of the French on the Missisipi who are daily ad- 
vancing on and towards the Brittish Dominions in America 
whereby that trade with the Natives on the Lakes and other 
part of that Continent is enjoyed by the Enemy For which 
reason but more especially in respect to the great favours and 
esteem which that Crown has treated us and the Protestant 
Cantons of Swisserland, withall has encouraged us to entreat 
for a Settlement In the said Wilderness for some of our Swis- 
serland Natives whereby we may ever be in the Interest of the 
Great and Glorious Brittish Monarchic. 

The great esteem as our Cantons have of such an Interest 
gladly Joynes them in a general and United Stock as to pro- 
vide for all our transported People whereby they will by no 
means be Chargiable or Burthensome to this Crowne In whose 
Interest we hope to be serviceable and that all the duty's of 
Loyal Subjects may ever flow from those that shall settle 

We hope Likewise that by the Permision of this Crowne, 
we may by our industry have the produce of the West India 
Islands which necesaries we have hitherto purchased of y e 
Dutch at no easy rate and we shall ever carry y* mark of 


Gratitude in our hearts as to discover and propogate w* may 
be most suitable and Beneficial to the Interest of Great Brit- 
tain of w ch we hope and expect Minerals Hemp ffiax Wine 
Salt and other Nescesarie improvements will soon appear to y e 
Crowne's Satisfaction and all our Interest w* further requires 
of this Negotiation we refer to his Excelency Abraham Stan- 
nian Esq r Envoy frrom her Majesty of Great Brittain to y e 
Protestant Cantons of Swiserland. 

And to discharge my Duty shall ever be the Indeavours of 
yo r Lordships most humble most Obedient and most Devoted 

Lues Michell. 3 
[Endorsed: Virginia 

Memorial from Mr. Luis Michel and Mr. de Graffen- 
ried, touching a colony of switzers who desire to be 
settled in virginia.] 

Reed: n July 1709. O. 33. 

Read D° 

Enty. Virg a D. 395. 

[VI. Second Memorial of Mr. Graffenried, July 13, 1709 ] 

May it please her Majestie of Great Brittain's most Hon ble 
Councillors to Countenance those Proposalls from the Swiss 
Societie for planting some Collonies in North America, which 
are recommended to the Queen of great Brittain from the 
Canton of Bern By his Excellencie Abraham Stanian Esq r 
her Maj. Env. : And now laid before this Hon ble Board by 
Christopher Graffenried of the Soveraign Councell and late 
Governour of Yverdon, and Luis Michell 

3 Frances Louis Michel belonged to a prominent Berne family. He 
made two journeys to America between 1702 and 1704, was again in 
Pennsylvania and Virginia 1706-1707 and returned to Switzerland in 
1708. 1 1 is plan for a Swiss settlement in Virginia was not successful, 
but bis efforts led to the formation of the joint stock company of 
George Ritter and Company, under whose auspices DeGraffenried 
founded tbe Swiss colony at New Berne, N. C, in 1710. For a fuller 
notice of Michel see this Magazine XXIV, 2. 


Your Lordships most humble Petitioners 
For as much as some Adresses of this Nature have already 

been offered by his Excellency N Angliomby Esq 1 " late 

Envoy and Sign'd by Mr. George Ritter w ch we pray may be 
laid aside, and that these here presented may find admittance. 
Which are that we may have a tract of Land allotted us in the 
British Dominions in America on reasonable terms where we 
may plant some of our Natives w ch (in the Highest measure) 
will oblidge the Protestant Cantons of Swisserland, at all 
times to Espouse the Interest of that great and glorious Mon- 

This is the humble Suit of the Lordships most obedient and 
Devoted Servants 

Christopher De Graffenried 4 
Luis Michell. 

[Endorsed: Virginia 

Second Memorial from Mr. Christopher de Grafenried 


Switzers in Virginia.] 

Reed: 13 July 1709. O. 34. 


Enty. Virg a D. 395. 

[VII]. Abstract of a Memorial for Settling a Swiss Col- 
ony in Virginia. 

We humbly pray that Her Maj ty would be Graciously pleased 
to Grant Us Lands for the Settlement of a Colony of Switzers 

4 Baron Christopher De Graffenreidt, (or De Graffenried as it was 
later more commonly spelled) was of a noble Swiss family and was 
born Nov. 21, 1661. After the failure of his North Carolina colony, 
he, with many Palatines, came to Virginia in May, 1712, but soon re- 
turned to Europe and died not long afterwards. He married Regina 
Tscharner on April 25, 1684. His son Christopher De Graffenreidt, 
Jr., married, in Charleston, S. C, Feb. 22, 1714, Barbara Tempest 
Needham, a native of Hertfordshire, England, and afterwards removed 
to Williamsburg, Va. He has many descendants. For an account of 
some of them see William & Mary Quarterly, XV, 201 &c. All his- 
tories of North Carolina give an account of the De Graffenried colony 


upon the South West Branch of Pottomack River in Virginia, 
We paying to her Majesty a Quit Rent in acknowledgment of 
Her Majesty's Soveraignty as is done in other like Cases. We 
ingage Our Selves, to Cultivate the said Lands in such manner 
that Her Majesty will receive a considerable advantage there- 
by; Besides that by this Settlement We shal be as a Fontier 
between Virginia and the French of Canada & Missisippi. 

This Settlement so far from being injurious to Her Majes- 
ty's Neighbouring Colonies or proprieties will rather be an 
advantage to them by having these Desarts Cultivated & In- 
habited which at present they are not. 

In relation to Ecclesiastical, Civil & Military Affairs, We 
shall Conform Our Selves to the methods used by the rest of 
Her Majesty's Subjects, and We hope to enjoy the same privi- 
ledges as the rest of Her Majesty's said Subjects do. 

However as we have a Language peculiar to Our Selves, We 
humbly pray Her Majesty will be Graciously pleased to allow 
Us to have a Minister from Our own Country. 

The people that We shall from time to time Transport 
thither, shal not be any way Chargeable to Her Maj ty unless 
Her Majesty be hereafter Graciously pleased in Consideration 
of the Progress We shal make in the said Settlement, to make 
some allowance. 

As the [discovery of this Country has been and the]* 
Settling of a Colony there will be of great Charge to the Pe- 
titioners Tis humbly hoped her Majesty will Grant them the 
same advantage as is allow'd to her Maj stya other Subjects by 
the Constitution of Virginia. 

[VIII]. A third Memorial from Mr. de Graffenried & 
Mr. Michel, relating to a Colony of Switzers to be set- 
tled in Virginia.! 

Since the Lords of the Council, appointed by Her Majesty, 
have found the proposals demanded of the Society for the 
Swiss Colony of Virginia, too vague and general, so much so 

* The words in brackets have been crossed out. 
t Translated from the French original. 


that they desire that more precise explanations be given re- 
garding the subject in question; — We take the liberty to sub- 
mit with profound respect to Your Lorships : 

1. That we pray very humbly Her Majesty to grant us this 
favor, and to have allotted to us, with the recognition due to 
the Sovereign which is usual on such occasions, the land in 
Virginia, commencing at the fork of the two branches of the 
Potomac River, which land is along that [branch] which runs 
to the south west, as may be seen better on the map. Such 
land we offer to improve in time by the labor and assiduous 
care of our good workmen to such an extent that the Crown 
will draw a considerable benefit from it, while at the present 
time nothing is derived from it. And by this means the col- 
onies in North America will be protected from the attacks of 
the neighboring enemies of Canada and the Mississippi. 

2. This establishment shall in no way be an injury to the 
neighboring Lords Proprietors, or other persons, but rather 
on the contrary, they will draw advantage from it. Its desert 
places will be, from all appearance, for a long time uninhab- 
ited, on account of the difficulties encountered for lack of 
transportation either by water or by land. 

3. As to what concerns the ecclesiastical, civil and military 
affairs, the colony will conform to those of all the other faith- 
ful subjects of Your Majesty. On the other hand, the said 
colony hopes for the same favors and privileges that the other 
subjects of Your Majesty enjoy. 

4. However, as we have a language peculiar to ourselves, 
we ask Your Majesty the favor of granting us a minister of 
our country to preach the holy Gospel and to keep the people 
in the fear of God and in the bounds of good demeanor. 

5. As to the persons whom we may induce to come to us, 
we also promise that they will not come in large numbers, 
nor in disorder, nor without having first notified you. Neither 
shall they be at the charge of Your Majesty, unless, seeing the 
good beginning of our settlement, Your Majesty, for our bet- 
ter encouragement, wishes to grant us some favors. 

6. Inasmuch as we have been for several years at a great 
expense to discover the land above mentioned, and will have 


still more expense to establish ourselves, we hope that Your 
Majesty will have the kindness to grant to our society the 
benefits which the constitution of the country defines. 

7. Inasmuch as it is impossible at the beginning of an enter- 
prise, to think of all the things that may happen, the said 
society hopes the Council will grant a favorable hearing to the 
propositions that may be made later on. 

The above is only to make a beginning so as to secure ad- 
vantage and gain time for action which will be asked of Your 

The very humble and obedient servants, 

De GrafTenried 
[Endorsed: Virginia 

A third Memorial from Mr. de GrafTenried & Mr. 
Michel relating to a Colony of Switzers to be settled 
in Virginia.] 
Rec d 14th July 

1709. O. 35. 

Read 15th Do. 
Ent. Virg* D. [395.] 

[IV.] Copy of an Order of Councill of the 22 nd Au- 

Settling a Colony of Switzers in ViRG a &c. 
1709, 10th Nov r 

At the Court at Windsor the 22 nd of August 1709. 

The Queen's most Excels Majesty in Councill. 
Upon reading this day at y e Board a Report from the Lords 
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to the Earl of Sun- 
derland in the Words following viz 1 . 

Memorandum, here the said Report was incerted 

incerted touching Permission for sever 11 Inhabi- 
tants of Berne, to settle on the Frontiers of Vir- 


Her Majesty taking the same into Considerat n was Gracious- 
ly pleased to Approve thereof, And to Order that the Governor 
of Virginia doe upon the said Petitioners Arrival there, forth- 
with Allot unto them certain Lands on the South-west Branch 
of Potomac 5 , in such manner and Form as is mentioned in the 
said Report, and the Right Hon ble the Earl of Sunderland Her 
Majesty's Principal Secretary of State, is to prepare what is 
necessary for the signification of Her Majesty's Royal Pleasure 
herein, According to the Purport of the same 

John Povey 

5 The southwest branch of the Potomac was the Shenandoah. Mr. 
Kemper calls attention to the fact that The Spotswood Letters, 
under date May 12, 1712, show that. DeGraffenried had at that date 
visited the vicinity of the present Harpers Ferry, so that Spotswood 
had some knowledge of the Valley before his expedition of 1716. 




Rent Rolls of all the Lands held p her Maj' tie In Surry 
County Anno Domini 1704 

[ Surry then included, in addition to the present county, the 
territory composed in the present Sussex and part of Bruns- 
wick, with the usual undefined extension westward.] 


Allen, Arthur, Maj r 6780 

Andrews, Bartho 375 

Avery, Jn° , 150 

Atkins, Tho 80 

Averett, Jn° 120 

Atkinson, Rich d 100 

Andrews, Tho 190 

Andrews, Rob 1 130 

Andrews, David 225 


Baker, Henry, Coll. 850 

Bruton, James 500 

Bennett, James 200 

Bland, Sarah 1455 

Browne, Jn° 600 

Benbridge, Geo. 200 

Bighton, Rich' 1 590 

Bell, Jn° 180 

Bertram [Barham], Rob 1 650 

Blake, Wm. 200 

Browne, Edw' 1 200 


Bincham, Jn° 100 

Benett, Rich d 200 
Baker, Sarah 50 

Briggs, Sarah 300 

Barter, Joell 100 

Briggs, Sam 11 300 
Blico, Christ 50 

Brigs, Charles 331 

Brigs, Henry 100 

Bentley, 180 

Blackburn, Wm. 150 

Blunt, Thos 1355 

Bookey, Edw d 180 

Browne, Wm. Coll. 2510 

Browne, Wm. Capt. 398 

Bineham, James 157 

Bullock, Mary 100 

Barker, John 11 60 

Bagley, Peter 100 

Barker, Jery 420 

Bunell, Hezichiah 150 

Bougher, Phill 100 

Baile, Jn° 250 

Bagley, Edw d 350 


Chapman, Benjamin 500 

Cocker, Wm. 100 

Cocker, Jn° 900 

Crafort, Robert 1000 

Crafort, Carter 100 
Chambers, Wm. 50 

Clark, Jno. 100 

Cook, Eliz b 200 

Carriell, Tho 100 

Clements, Jn° 387 

Clarke, Jno. 100 


Cook, Eliz b 20O 

Carriell, Thomas 100 

Cleamants, Jn° 387 

Clark, Robert 400 

Checett, James 50 

Cotten, Walter 257 

Cotten, Tho 257 

Collier, Jn° 350 

Collier, Joseph 40 

Cock, Wm. 630 

Cock, Walter 875 

Cooper, James 100 

Cleaments, ffran 600 

Collier, Tho 550 

Candenscaine, Obedience 200 



Dicks, James 


Davis, Arthur 


Drew, Tho 


Drew, Edw d 


Delk, Roger 


Davis, Arthur 


Dean, Rich d 


Davis, Nath 



Edward [Edwards], Wm. Mr. 2755 

Evans, Antho. 100 

Edw d John 470 

Ellitt, Wm. 250 

Edm d [Edmunds], Howell 300 

Ellis, James 180 

Edmund [Edmunds], Wm' 100 

Ellis, Edward 30 

Ellis, James 170 


Ezell, Geo. 150 

Ellis, Jere 50 

Evans, Abrah 150 



Flake, Rob* 


Foster, Anne 


Ford, Geo 


Flood, Walter 


Flood, Tho 


Ford, Elias 


Flemin, Lawrence 


Foster, Christo 


Foster, Wm 


Ferisby, Benj a 




Gray, Wm. Capt. 


Gray, Wm Jun r 


Grimes, Hustis 


Gwalney [Gwaltney] 



Gray, Jno 


Gwalney [Gwaltney], 



Goodman, Wm. 


Gillham, Hinche 


Griffin, John 


Gully, Rich* 


Gray, Wm. 


Green, Edw d 


Green, Rich d 




Harrison, Benj. Coll. 2 7S° 

Harrison, Nath. Capt. 2177 

Hunt, Wm. 4042 


Holt, Eliz b 


Holt, Tho Capt. 


Holt, John 


Holt, Wm. 


Harris, Wm. 


Hart, Henry 


Humfort, Hugh 


Hancock, Colin 


Hart, Robert 


Humphrey, Evan 


Hollyman, Mary 


Harde, Tho 


Hill, Robt. 


Holloman, Rich d 


Hargrove, Bryan 


Humfoot, Wm. 


Hill, Syon 


Holloman, Tho. 


Heath, Adam 


Harrison, Dan 11 


Ham, Rich d 


Heart, Tho. 


Hyerd, Tho. 


Hunt, Wm. 


Home, Rich d 


Hollingworth, Henry 


Howell, Wm. 




Jackman, Jos. John Mr. 


Jones, James 


Jarrell, Tho. 


Jarrett [or Jarrell], Charles 


Judkins, Sam 11 


Judkins, Wm. 


Jurdan, Geo. 


Jarrett, Fardo 



Johnson, Wm. 


John, John 


Jurdan, Rich d 




Kigan, Mary 


Killingworth, Wm. 


Knott, Wm. 




Ludwell, Phill Coll 


Lancaster, Robt 


Lacey, Mary 


Lang, Mary 


Lamb, Tho 


Lane, Tho Jun r 


Laughter, Jn° 


La Neere [Le Neve 



Lasley, Patrick 


Lucas, Wm. 




Matthew, Edw d 


Morriell, Geo 


Moorland, Edw d 


Mason, Eliz b 


Mallory, Francis 


Merrett, Matt 


Middleton, Tho 


Moss, Wm 


Moreing, John 


Mierick [Merrick], 






Newson [Newsom], Wm. 225 

Newson [Newsom], Robt 250 

Newitt, Wm. 330 

Norwood, Rich d 80 

Nicholl, Geo. 150 

Nichols, Robt 230 

Nolway, Barefoot 150 

Norwood, Geo 330 


Park, Mary 100 

Pittman, Tho Jun r 100 

Phillips, John 270 

Price, Jn° 340 

Pettoway, Eliz b 650 

Pulystone, Jn° 1400 

Parker, Rich d 269 

Phelps, Humphrey 100 

Pully, Wm 300 

Proctor, Joshua 660 

Persons, John 830 

Phillips, Wm 300 

Pettfort, Jn° 200 

Pettfort, Wm 50 


Randolph, Wm, Coll. 1655 

Ruffin, Eliz b 3001 

Reynolds, Rob 1 150 

Richardson, Joseph 300 

Reynolds, Eliz b 150 

Reazon, Frances 200 

Reads, Wm 150 

Rollings, Gregory 106 


Read, Wm 


Rose, Rich d 


Rachell [Rochelle], Geo. 


Rowling, Jn° 


Rohings, Wm 


Roger, Wm 




Seat, Joseph 


Sims, Geo 


Sesoms, Nich° 


Savage, Charles 


Stringfellow, Rich d 


Suger, Jn° 


Sewards, Anne 


Sharp, Tho 


Sewins, Thomas 


Steward, John 


Smith, Rich d 


Savage, Mary 


Smith, Tho 


Swann, Wm 


Shrowsbury, Joseph 


Shrowsbury, Francis 


Savage, Henry 


Short, Wm 


Scarboro, Edw d 


Scagin, Jn° 


Summons, Jn° 


Shrowsbury, Tho 


Stockly, Rich d 


Smith, Tho 




Thompson, Sam 11 


Tooker, Henry Maj r 



Taylor, Etheldred 538 

Thorp, Joseph 250 

Tyons [or Tyous], Tho 400 

Taylor, Rich d jy 


Vincent, Mary 187 


Wright, Thomas 100 

William, Charles 100 

Wall, Joseph 150 

Williams, Wm. 300 

Ward, Tho 100 

Ward, Joseph Jun r 150 

Warren, Allen 300 

Warren, Thomas 1040 

Watkins, Rich d 1345 

Williams, Roger 150 

Webb, Robert 340 

Wattkins, John 1160 

Warren, Robert 150 

Welch, Henry 100 

Warrick, John 80 

Wilkinson, Matthew 200 

Wiggins, Tho 300 

Waple, Jno 300 

Witherington, Nich 100 

Will, Roger 78 

White, Charles 136 


Young, John 300 

A 8150 

B 14716 






































1 1 6089 

New Land 

allowed p 

ord r 


1 12248 

Apr ill 19 th 


Errors Excepted p Jos 

John Jackman 


Persons denying paym* or Lands held in this County 

(Viz) Capt Tho Holt as belonging to Mr. Tho Ben- 
nees[?] Orph n 950 

Mrs. Mary White 200 

Lands held by persons living out of the County 

Capt. John Taylor 850 

Mrs. Sarah Low 500 

Mr. Jno Hamlin 100 


Capt. Tho Harrison 530 

Bartho Clements 11 50 

Bartho Clement one tract of land he living in England the 

Quantity unknown 
Jno Davis one tract Living in Isle of Wight 
Geo. & River Jorden one Tract & denys to pay Q* Rents for 

it & no persons living thereon, there is one Bray Living in 

Warwick has a small tract Land. 

(To be continued) 



(From the originals in the Virginia State Library) 


James Moore 1 to William Preston. 

I have sent the money that is collected in these two Dis- 
tricts. I could not send it sooner on account that W m David- 
son one of the Collectors wase taken sick and Rendered 
Senseless that he could not give any account of what he had 
done. Sutherland Mayfield the other Collector moved out 
of this State Those that have paid are crosed in the Dis- 
trict paper those that have not paid Cannot Raise the money 
Except the Quakers and they Refuse to pay 
the Inhabitants of this place are much affraid of the Indians 
Coming in amongst them and I believe it is not without 
reason there is great signs of Indians down Sandy Rivir and 

1 James Moore of Augusta County, together with James Poage 
settled in 1776 in Abbs Valley, in the present Tazewell County. The 
foreboding of evil shown in this letter was in a few years verified, 
even more tragically than he could have imagined. In September 1784 
a party of Shawnese Indians, ascended the Sandy River and passing 
over the head of Clinch, divided into small parties. One party went 
into Abbs Valley, where they captured Captain James Moore's son 
James and carried him off. He remained a prisoner for three ylears. 
In July, 1786, a party of forty-seven Shawnese came to the same 
valley. Capt. Moore, depending upon the strength of his house, had not 
gone with his family to a fort, and was killed near his home, as were 
his children William and Rebecca. Mrs. Moore, Martha Ivens, a 
woman living with her, and John Simpson, also an inmate, attempted 
to defend the house. This proved futile. Simpson was soon killed, 
and the others were captured. Mrs. Moore, her four surviving chil- 
dren and Martha Ivens were made prisoners. The Indians soon killed 
a boy, Joe Moore, and dashed out the brains of the baby Margaret. 
After reaching the Indian towns,, Mrs. Moore and her daughter Jane 
were tortured and burned at ♦*•• stake. Polly Moore and Martha Ivens 
afterwards were released ana returned home. (Summers' History of 
Southwest Virginia, 380-385.) 


several hunters that went down this Winter are Expected to 
be kild if we do not get some assistance of men this Settle- 
ment will undoubtedly be obligd to move in at this unseason- 
able time of the year no more but Remain your 

Hum b Ser* 

James Moore 
Feb. 21 st 1783 

[Address] Col: Preston — Thse — 
by feavour of Jn° Huff 

[Endorsement] Collections. 

James Byrne to William Preston. 

March 24, 1783. 
Sir — I have Rc' d orders from Col Cloyd to Rais Eight Men 
of Any Company and Send with a Lieut. & assist the frontiers. 
I have sent Cloyd's Letter to McMullen by Stephen and 
desire him to Show it you in case you have not the news 
John Preston is the first man in the 7 Division which is now 
for Duty and as he is not at home I would be glad you would 
let me know if he is to be excused and I may order another 
Man I am Sir 

Your h ble Ser 1 

James Byrne 
March 24, 1783 

To Col° Preston 

[Address] To Col. Preston 

[Endorsement] Cap 1 Byrns Lett 1 " 

Public Service 

preston papers 3 1 

William Davies to William Preston. 

Richmond, June 8 — 1783 

I have just time to inform you that the Governour in Coun- 
cil has empowered yourself and Colonel Campbell to consult 
with your other officers and form a plan for your defence 
and authorizes to send out 600 men including those now on 
duty. I shall write you fully by Express, as you are en- 
trusted with the principal direction of affairs and must assem- 
ble the Council. 

I am your most Abe* Ser* 

Colonel William Preston 
County Lieutentant 
Letter from the War Office 
June 8 — 1782 

Capt. Flower Swift to Col. Wm. Preston, 

Sir — After my best Compty Compliments to you I have to 
inform you that I should ave made a better return to you 
of these but I was Disappointed by a your man that I or- 
dered to Carrey the money down But I hope that your Onner 
will Excuse me this time I also have to inform you that 
there Seven names in the Lists that is not liveing in the 
distrits I also shall give you A exact list of the Dilinkquents 
you will be pleased to furnish me with warrants agreable to 
this list and Sind them to Mr. Sams McGaffacks and from 
there I can get them Ameditely — 

Swifts Company — D r — 

Sir there is Some few names on the lists that is not liveing in 
this distrits — 


John Lashley 
Muni. Whtmore 
Joseph Waller 
William Sugs 
Nemiah Daniel 
Daid bohanin 
Mashak laws 
William harmon 
William Allen 
Isac Looser 

These are the Delinkquents of Company — 
William Johns 
Nathan Shelley 
Absolm burton 

William Morgin o — 2 — 6 

Morgin morgin 
Samuel Muhuren 
Jacob Cock 
Valentine Vanhooser 
Thomas Williams 
Richard Sharkley 
James Johnes 
Joseph Davis 
Isac Edwards 
John knight 
Sam Cox 
Jermiah Cloushemer 

Sir — this list of names to the best of my knowledge was not 
in the distret when I received my orders first — 
These from your Friend and umble Sar* — 

Flower Swift, Capt. 
To Col William Preston 

Also agreable to your orders I appoint James Cock to Col- 
lect the quakers distrect and he has colect part of the destrit 
of every one that willing to pay S d Cock desire that your 


Onner would grant him Warrents for the other part of the 
distrect agreable his list 


thomas davis o — 3 — 6 

thomas davis 

thos. Carr 

David kease 

Calop kease 

Thos. pearson 

Samuel pearson 

Israel Ellet 

henry Pendrye 

Richard Cox 

William kankin 

[Address] To Col° William Preston 
[Endorsement] Capt. Swifts Letter ab* Districts 

Petition of Inhabitants of Upper Clinch River. 

To William Preston Esquire Lieutenant and Commander in 
Chief of the Militia in Montgomery County, And To the 
Worshipfull Court Martial of the a foresaid County — The 
Petition of sundry inhabitants of the upper Settlement of 
Clynch River on the Frontier of said County of Montgom- 
ery Humbly Shew — 

That whereas your Petitioners are summoned to attend the 
Worshipfull Court-martial on the day of 

to shew cause why they did not March on the late expedition 
against the British Army in North Carolina agreeable to 
Orders ; Beg leave to lay before your Worshipfull Court the 
following reasons, To wit. That by their detached and ex- 
posed situation they are rendered liable at all times to an 
Invasion from the Savages, who have never failed to visit 
some part of their Settlements the beginning of every Season 
for several years past, and thro' the mildness of the last 
Winter and present Spring they might reasonably have been 


(and really were) expected for more than two months past, 
and it now appears that such fears were but too well grounded, 
by the Mischief committed on or near Indian Creek and also 
at the Rye Coves and other places down Clynch River and 
the Hour uncertain when the like mischiefs might have hap- 
pened in our own Settlement. Thus detached as we are and 
placed in so dangerous a situation, the Ties of Nature and 
Humanity forbad the leaving of our families and the most 
dearest connexions we have upon Earth, thus exposed to the 
Mercy of the Cruel Savages, whose well known kind of War- 
fare are an indiscriminate destruction of all Ages and Sexes. 
This your Petitioners beg leave to represent as the true cause 
of their not marching as aforesaid, and not thro' any contempt- 
ous or inimical dispositions And altho many Idle reports have 
been circulated about to their prejudice which may have 
placed them in a suspicious view. Yet we do assure your 
Worships that these are not Facts, but Calumnies. That they 
are now and constantly have been true citizens and are will- 
ing to risk their Lives and fortunes in the defence of their 
Country, wherein is everything they hold that is dear and 
valuable; But they wish to do it upon equal Terms with their 
fellow Citizens and the like security of their families, which 
cannot be the case unless they are indulged with the privilege 
of not being Draughted from the Frontiers, and be thereby 
enabled to afford that protection to their families which their 
situation renders impossible from the publick. 
Nor can your Petitioners think that by their being exempted 
from Draughts they will be altogether useless to their coun- 
try, for it is well known that they have served as a Barrier of 
Defence to the inner-Settlements for several years past, and 
for the last two years have altogether defended themselves 
against frequent attacks of Indians without any assistance 
from the publick And thro the frequent removals of late and 
other causes the present strength of the Settlement is so in- 
considerable that should the Indians attack them in such 
numbers as is too generally feared they will, the inhabitants 
must inevitably abandon their homes and ruin thereby ensue. 
Under these peculiar hardships Your Petitioners beg that 



they may not be subjugated to any Penalty for their not 
marching on the expedition aforesaid. And should any be 
already laid they pray that the same may be remitted. Your 
Petitioners farther beg leave to inform your Worships that 
they would have attended the Court-martial individually but 
the same dangers (which prevented their marching) being 
still apparent they thought it more prudent to address you by 
Petition, and as they have set forth nothing but Truth (which 
must generally be acknowledged) they flatter themselves that 
the same will not be rejected. 

Therefore firmly relying on the Wisdom and Justness of 
your Worships that upon considering our precarious situ- 
ation, the prayer of this their Humble Petition we hope will 
be granted and after repeating their inviolable attachment to 
their country and the common cause they conclude (as in 
duty bound) for your Worships they will ever Pray Etc. 

Tho s Witten Sen r Jesse Gray 

John Greenup J r William Butler 

James Witten Thomas Shockley 

Thomas Witten Jun r Robert Worsham 

Joseph Johnson Beverly Miller 

Benjamin Gosling Benjamin Thomas 

Thomas Peerie John Peery 

William Owen Peter Edwards 

Henry Foley Jacob Wegener 

Enus Johnson Christy Hansly 

Daniel Johnson John Miller 

David Johnson Peter Harman 

Seth Johnson Thomas Keef 

Richard Cavett William Cecil 

James Johnson Robert Rayburn 

Michael Cavett W m Maxwell 

James Oreler Jeremiah Witten 
Zecey Clary 

[Address] To William Preston, Esq, 

Lieut. & Com. in Chief of Montgomery Co. 

[Endorsement] Petition from the Inhabitants of Clinch 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. D. 19, England. 


*John HarmaRj (Pro. Act Book says: "D. D. of City of Win- 
chester") Dated 8 Oct. 1613. Proved 25 Jan. 1613-14. 
My body to rest in the chambers of the earth, to bee enterred 
in the Oueere of the College (if I dye there warden), against 
the Common Table on the South syde. 

To the Churche of Winchester, xxs. To the library of the 
Deane and Chapter, the greatest testament in the Greek and 
Syrian sett forth by Tremelius. To the poore of the towne 
of Newberye, the place of my nativitie, x£. To the poore of 
my parish of Drokensford, v£ To the poore of my parish 
of Compton, iiji. vjs. viijd. To the poore of the citie of 
Winchester v£. To the poore of the Soake and Kingsgate 
street, vf. To the Almesmen of St. Crosse, xls. To the 
Almesmen of Magdalens, xiijs. iiijd. To New College, St. 
Mary College of Winchester in Oxford, my Greeke books, and 
to my brother, warden there xxxi. Towards the erecting of 
the new Schooles in Oxford, xf. (Numerous bequests of 
books, authors etc. given to the library and fellows of Win- 
chester College.) To my brother ARTHUR HARMAR, c. 
£. and my seale ring, sometime my father's, also the leases of 
two houses buylt by me neere the College, after his decease to 
his eldest son, one of them and the other to his daughter 
BRIDGETT HARMAR. To my neece GRAY, my brother's 
daughter, the Mazer bound about with silver and gylt. To 
my nephew GRAY, St. Augustines works, six volumes in folio. 

• We are indebted to Mr. Leo Culleton for the Harmar, Yeo and Bacon 



To JOHN HARMAR, my brother ARTHUR'S eldest sonne 
xl£, also the revercon of the copyhold of the Church in 
Wymiall. To ROBERT HARMAR, of New College, the 
revercon of my copyhold at Westwood in Somersetshire. To 
my sister JOANE BATH, a gilt standing cupp, and to her 
sonne JOHN, a small gilt cupp. To her daughter DORCAS, 
xls, for a ring and as much to my brother ROGER BATH. 
To my sister ANN GINNER, a standing gilt cupp, also the 
lease of the house in Milk streete, London, provided she pays 
£4 yearly to her daughter, ELIZABETH GINNER, my wyves 
god daughter. To ANN GINNER her daughter, my house in 
Colbrooke streete, whereof the moyetie hold in socage the 
other by a long lease from the town and citie of Winchester. 
To my sister GINNER'S other 5 children, i£ To my sister 
his brother, v£ To my brother, WILLIAM TRUSSELL, x£. 
To MARY TRUSSELL, his daughter, the revercon of my 
copyhold of the Church at Ovington. To my brother, HARE- 
COURT, v£ To ELIZABETH, his daughter, the revercon 
of one of my copyholds at Chilbolton, held now by MAR- 
GERY LEWYS, widow, which I have to dispose of by a grant 
from the Dean and Chapter of the Holy and Indivisible Trin- 
itie of Winchester. To her sister, URSULA, my neece, v£ 
To my sister, BENSTED, xls. and as much to my sister, 
HARMAR. To my sister, LEWYS, xls. To the most Rev. 
the now Lo: Archbp. of Cant, for a token of my last dutie, a 
portague. To the Rt. Rev. my friend, Doctor KINGE, now 
Bishop of London, xxxs. To Dr. MORTON, the Dean of 
Winchester, xxs. To NATHANIEL ANGUR, vj£ To 
HARMAR, my nephew, x£ To Mr. THOMAS CHILD, late 
mayor of Winchester, xls. My leases of Allington Farm, passed 
that of my house at Eastgate, that of Valebarne in Fullflud and 


Weeke and that of my house in the close, late buylded, to my 

Residuary Legatee and Sole Executrix : — my wife ELIZA- 

"I entreat and as far as I may charge my brother ARTHUR 
HARMAR to take that order that his sonne NICHOLAS 
take no right in that my copyhold of Hursley, which I will hee 
dispose of to any other of his children which shall please 

Overseers : — my friends Doctor MORETON, Deane of Win- 
chester, and Dr. HENRY MARTYNY, his Mats now Advo- 

Debtes due unto me : 
From my cosen RICHARD HARMAR x£ 

From my cosen BATE xls. 


ROGER JONES, -Not. Pub. j Wltnesses - 

Proved 25 Jan. 1613 by the Sole Executrix named. 

P. C. C. 1 Lawe. 

[John Harmar, or Harmer (i555?-i6i3), Greek Professor at Oxford, 
was born, probably of humble parentage, at Newberry in Berkshire. 
He matriculated at New College, Oxford as "plebei filius" in 1575, was 
B. A., and M. A. (in 1582.) He was reckoned a "subtile Aristotelian", 
was well read in patristic and scholastic theology, and was "a most 
noted Latinist and Grecian". In 1585 he was appointed Greek Pro- 
fessor at Oxford, was head-master of Winchester 1588-1595, and in 
1569 became Warden of St. Mary's College. He was rector of Drax- 
ford, Hampshire, and a prebendary of Winchester. In 1604 he was 
appointed one of the translators of the New Testament and had "a 
prime hand" in that work. He died Oct. II, 1613, and was buried in 
the chapel of New College. He was author of various works. 

John Harmer (i594?-i67o) Professor of Greek at Oxford, was 
nephew of the preceding. He was born at Churchdown, Gloucester- 
shire, educated at Winchester, and was M. A., Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford, 1617. He was a good philologist, an excellent Grecian and a "toler- 
able Latin poet". In 1650 he was appointed Professor of Greek at 
Oxford and in 1659 presented to the rectory of Ewhurst, was deprived 
at the Restoration and died at Steventon, Berkshire, Nov. 1, 1670. 
He was the author of a number of books. (These notices are derived 
from the Dictionary of National Biography). 

It is probable that John Harmer, the younger, was son of Arthur 
Harmer, named in the will above. On July 4, 1635. Charles Harmar, or 
Harmer, was granted 1050 acres on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, in 
right of himself, his wife Ann Harmer, and nineteen servants — includ- 
ing eight negroes. Charles Harmer had come to Virginia in 1622 when 


he was twenty-four and became a prominent planter at Magothy Bay 
on the Eastern Shore. He died in or before 1644, leaving an only child 
Elizabeth, who died in childhood, and a widow Ann, daughter of Henry 
Southey, who married secondly Nathaniel Littleton, also of the Eastern 
Shore. There is recorded in Northampton County, Va., a power of 
attorney, dated March 1, 1652, and recorded Jan. 12, 1654, from "'Doctor 
John Harmer ye Greeke reader to ye Universitie of Oxford, heir of 
Charles Harmer, late of Accomacke in ye Dominion of Virginia, to his 
(John Harmar's) son Thomas Harmar now or late of Jamestown in 
ye Dominion aforesaid", authorizing him to demand possession of his 
(John Harmar's) brother's property, saving to his widow and her 
husband, Captain Littleton, Governor of Accomacke aforesaid, her 
dower and third.] 

George Yeo, of Fyeshleighe, in co. Devon, Esqr. Dated 
26 June 1605. Proved 16 June 1607. 

To the poor of the parish of Hatherleighe, 30s. To my sec- 
ond sonne, JOHN YEO, £200. To JHEROME YEO, my 
third sonne, £200. To my "fyfte" sonne, GEORG YEO, £100. 
To my fowerth sonne, NICHOLAS YEO, £100. My desire 
is that my Executor will keepe and maintain my daughter 
ARMILNELL YEO, during her life, if he refuse, then my 
will is, that such other of my children as will take her shall 
have £50. To GEORG NEELE, the sonne of my daughter 
MARGARET, £3. 6. 8. To MARIE NEELE, the sister of 
the daughter of LEONARD, my sonne, £10. To MARIE 
COTTLE, my daughter, my gilte salte, which was given to 
my wife, by her grandmother, Mrs. KATHERINE 
MOUNCKE at the birth of the said MARIE. To MAR- 
GARETT ROBINS, my daughter, my black standing nutt 
cupp. To LEONARD YEO, my sonne, my great silver salt 
seller and cover, during his life, and after his decease, to my 
grandchild "and nephew", GEORGE YEO, his sonne. To 
my servant, ANN HOOPER, 40s. To JOAN GORFORD, 
40s. To GILBERT MOORE, my servant, 20s. To AN- 
THONY NENOW, my servant 10s. To my sister, MILLI- 
CENT WALLER, a mourninge gowne. 

Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor : my sonne, LEONARD 


Overseers : — my brother GYFFORD and my sonne in law, 



ROGER SELLY Clirico. I Witnesses. 


Proved 16 June 1607 by the Sole Exor named. 

60 Huddle st one. 

[George Yeo, the testator ,may be found in Col. Vivian's Visitation 
Pedigrees of Devonshire, p. 835. 

Leonard Yeo had, on Aug. 9, 1637, a grant of 850 acres in Elizabeth 
City County, Va. In 1652, he and his wife Claire Yeo, appear in a 
grant. He was long a man of prominence there, and was a member 
of the House of Burgesses at the sessions of Feb. 1644-5, Sept. 1663 
and June and October 1666. In 1666 he was commander in chief of 
Elizabeth City, and the next year held the same command while a 
hostile Dutch fleet was in Hampton Roads. He died in or before June 
1670, as by that time his widow, Rebecca, (a second wife) had married 
Charles Moryson. She again married Col. John Lear, of the Virginia 
Council. In 1690, Leonard Yeo, of Back River, Elizabeth City County, 
died and left all his estate to his wife Mary. The will of George Yeo 
(probably a descendant of Col. Leonard Yeo) was proved in Elizabeth 
City County in 1743. In addition to other bequests he gave his cousin, 
George Arnold, merchant, of London, certain tenements in the borough 
of Hatherley, Devon, commonly called Wadlands and Finch Park. 

It seems possible that Leonard Yeo of Virginia, was a grandson of 
the testator. 

On Oct. 11, 1656, Leonard Yeo, of Elizabeth City Co., brother and 
administrator of Robert Yeo, assigned 650 acres in Westmoreland Co., 
whic had been granted to said Robert Yeo, on Sept. 6, 1654. George 
Yeo (above) and Elenor his wife, lived in Elizabeth City, 1727. 

Hugh and Justinian Yeo, brothers, from Hartland, Devon, lived on the 
Eastern Shore of Virginia in the latter part of the Seventeenth century. 
The Visitation pedigree is not accessible here.] 

Sir James Bacon, of Finsburie neere London, in co. Middx. 
Knight. Dated 6 Feb. 1618-19. Proved 2$ Feb. 1618-19. 
To JAMES BACON, my younger sonne, my manor house and 
manor of Verlies, with all their appurtenances, and my lands, 
tenements and hereditaments whatsoever lying in Starnefeild 
Benhall Saxmondham and Kershall. 

To my sonne NATHANIEL, the lease of the ''manor of 
howse Earle in Alderton", also one other lease of the manor 
of Reymes in Alderton. Whereas my sonne JAMES hath an 
estate for terme of yeares yet to come in the manors of Snape 


Tastardes and Scotts with the late dissolved Monasterie of 
Snape and the demeasne lands thereunto belonging by vertue 
of a lease or grant made by the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Arundell 
and JOHN HOLLAND Esqr., deceased, bearing date 26 
Nov. 161 1. Now my will is that my son NATHANIEL suf- 
fer my sonne JAMES to enjoy the same peaceably. 
All my controversies concerning my manors, lands etc. shall be 
compromitted and decided to and by Sir THOMAS BEL- 
LOYE, of Fleete streete nere London, Knt. and WILLIAM 
WALL, of Hoxton, in co. Middx. and EDWARD COTTON 
of Finsburye Esqrs. 

Sole Executor: my sonne JAMES BACON. 


Proved 23 Feb. 1618/19 by the Sole Executors named. 

15 Parker. 

[James Bacon, Alderman of London, who died June 15, 1573, was a 
brother of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper and uncle of Francis 
Bacon, Lord Verulam, and had a son, Sir James Bacon, described in a 
pedigree as "Friston Hall, Suffolk", the testator above. This James 
Bacon was knighted at White Hall, in 1604 and died at Finsbury, Jan. 
17, 1618. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Bacon of Hesset, 
and had two sons: (1) Nathaniel, (1593-1644) of Friston Hall, grand- 
father of Nathaniel Bacon, the "Rebel", of Virginia; (2) James Bacon, 
rector of Burgate, Suffolk, who died 1670. He was the father of 
President Nathaniel Bacon of Virginia, and of Martha, who married 
Anthony Smith, of Colchester, tanner, and had a daughter Abigail 
Smith, brought to Virginia by her uncle President Bacon, who married 
Lewis Burwell, of "Carter's Creek", Gloucester County and has very 
many descendants. See this Magazine II, 125-129, and references there 

Nathaniell Atherold of Hasketon, co. Suffolk, Gent. 
Will date 12 Sep 1653. To my wife Martha, water mill in H. 
afs'd. & Tunmans meadow or Mill meadow adjoining, Thor- 
phall meadow & Basseacre, also in H., for her life, also all 
freehold & copyhold lands in Bealings & Grundisbyrgh Suf- 
folk which I purch'd of John Hayte, for life. To my dau'r. 
Mary, tenm't. in Grundisburgh wh'rin Nich's Curdye dwells 
& sd. N's occupation called 'Hyefeild, Thurstonfeild, Waylons 


Plaggs & Poreltons (24 acres), two pieces of land held of 
manor of Kingston in Burches feild in Halston, all in fee. 
To my daur's. Anne & Susan tenm'ts, wherein Geo. Simpson 
lately dwelt, with hopyard adjoining (14 acres), in fee equally. 
To my dau'r. Rebecca tenm't. wherein Joseph Hall lately dwelt 
in Grundisburgh & other tenm'ts adjoining, two pieces of 
arrable land in Grundisburge feild (2*^ acres), in fee. To 
my dau'r. Sarah, two pieces of land in Grundisburgh called 
(?S) wiland wood (12 acres), one tenm't. wherein Richard 
Checkerell dwells, in fee. To my daur's Mary, Anne, Susan, 
Rebecca & Sarah mill & lands formerly given to my wife for 
life, in fee equally from sd. wifes death. To sd. daur's. my 
messuage & tenm't. wherein I now dwell called Thorpehall & 
all other lands in fee equally. If any overplus of personal es- 
tate to dau. Rebecca £50 to daur's Anne & Susan £50 between 
them. Rest between my wife & five daur's. To poor of Has- 
keton & Grundisburgh 20/ a piece. To dau'r. Martha, wife 
of George Goodwyn, gent. £5. To my dau'r. Elizabeth wife of 
John Garners, gent. £5. My wife Martha & dau'r. Mary to 
be ex'trixes. Witnesses Thomas Atherold, John Garners 
Prob. 18 Sep. 1654 by Martha A. the relict & Mary the dau'r. 
ex'tri'es. Alchin, 500. 

[Col. William Ball (i6i5?-i68o) emigrant ancestor of the Virginia 
family of the name, is stated in an old record, to have married, on 
July 2, 1638, Hannah Atherold. 

Nathaniel Atherold, of Burgh, Suffolk, living 1660, may probably have 
been the testator, in spite of the differences in statement. This Nathan- 
iel Atherold of Burgh, was a son of Thomas Atherold, Barrister at Law, 
who in turn was a son of Thomas Atherold, who was baptized at 
Burgh, Aug. 16, 1590, died May 6, 1658, and was buried there, will 
dated May 10, 1656. It is possible that Mrs. Ball was a daughter of 
the last named. See Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 51. 52.] 

Thomas BaytUP of Parish of Tenterden, Kent, clothier. 
Will dat. 14 May 1651. House & lands in p'rsh of Smarden, 
Kent to my wife Mary for life & then between my two sons 
Daniel & Thomas. To Thomas the house & some fields (spe- 
cified) & to Daniel rest of fields — to both in fee. To wife 
Mary £40. To eldest son Daniel £130 at 21. To son Thomas 


B. £130 at 21, To son James B. £230 at 21. To my dau'r. 
Mary B. £160 at 18 or marriage. To my dau'r. Susan B. 
£150 at 18 or marriage. My wife Mary to be ex'trise. James 
Baytup & William Boyse my brothers to be overseers & to each 
40s., & if my wife marry again they to take children's portions. 
Sons to be apprenticed when of suitable age. If all my chil- 
dren die, to my brother James B. & his children £160, to my 
bro. Daniel B. £100 & to my sister Susan and her children 
£100. Witnesses: James Fithenden X, John Grigsbee X, 
Thomas Ramsden. 
Prob. 19 Jan 1651O2] by Mary B. relict & ex'trix. 

Bowyer, 2. 

[Thomas Baytup, or Baytop, came to Virginia in 1679 and settled in 
Gloucester County, where he died in 1691, his brother Daniel Baytop, 
of Maidstone, Kent, becoming his administrator. In the records of 
York County, 1691, is the following, "Daniel Baytopp, of Maidstone, in 
ye County of Kent, grocer, brother of Thomas Baytop, and guardian 
and administrator of Thomas Baytop, the minor, constitutes Capt. 
Francis Page in Virginia his attorney to take possession of ye planta- 
tions, stock, &c, of ye sid Baytopp in ye parts of America in right of 
ye minor, Jan. 20, 1691. The said Thomas Baytop, merchant, deceased,, 
came over to Virginia twelve years before the above date, and came 
from Staplehurst, where he lived for several years in the lawful estate 
of matrimony with Hannah, his wife, and where was born his son, 
Thomas Baytopp, May 9, 1676, as appears by the register of Staple- 
hurst and the testimony of his godfather, Peter Burren, of the same 
place, clockmaker, aged 58 years, and John Stanter, clerk and register 
of the aforesaid parish of Staplehurst, aged 69 years". Thos. Baytop 
who came to Virginia in 1679, was the son named in the will. For an 
account of the family in Virginia see "A History of Two Virginia 
Families Translated from County Kent, England", by Dr. and Mrs. 
W. C. Stubbs.] 

William Codd, the elder, of Wateringburie, Kent, gent., 
eldest son of James C. of W. afs'd., gent., dec. 
Will dat. 11 Apr. 1652. I confirm writing of jointure made 
by my late aunt Katherine Pery to use of Debora my wife &, 
in addition, to sd. wife, my capital messuage wh'rin I now 
dwell in W. afs'd. which was heretofore my sd. father's, during 
widowhood, also all lands in West Farleigh, East Farleigh & 
Maidstone, Kent, for life. To my son James C. in fee, manors 
etc. in Kent. If sd. wife be with child at my death, to such 
issue, in tail, my manor of Hall als. Wingmore in Sheham & 


Barham, Kent. If sd. son James C. die under 21, s. p. all mes- 
suages etc to such issue of my wife, in tail, in default, to my 
neice Elizabeth Wood, dau'r. of my sister Anne late wife of 
Robert W., citizen & haberdasher of London, both dec, & her 
issue male, in tail, in default, to my godson St. Leger Codd, 
eldest son of my kinsman William C, of Pellicans in Watering- 
burie afs'd. eq., in tail male, in default to my right heirs. If 
either sd. E. Wood or St. L. Codd succeed they to pay my 
wife Debora £40 a year for life & to my sister Jane Codd als 
(Ower?) £40 a year while she remains sole & unmarried. 
Succeeders to manors to pay to Johane (the new wife of Mark 
Howland & formerly the wife of John Henman dec.) £4. 16s. 
half yearly as I have paid in discharge of my verbal engage- 
ment on my purchase of those lands from sd. John Herman & 
Johane. I forgive sd. neice E. Wood money due from her 
about estate of her father, she to release my estate from claims. 
To her £200 & all shopbooks etc which were her father's, now 
in my hands. To sd. wife & son James C. rest of goods 
equally. To be buried in the Common place of the church of 
Watringburie near my first son, if I die at W. If priest (sic) 
do bury me according as was proscribed in book of Common 
Prayer, to him 10s. Sd. son James C. to be ex'or. during his 
minority, Adm. c. t. a. to sd. wife. To sd. kinsman William 
Codd 40s. To sd. godson St. Leger Codd £10 at 21. To my 
godson William Crofts son of my old servant Robert Crofts 
at 21. Witnesses: John Leversedge, Robert Crofts, William 
Mitchell X. 

Adm. c. t. a. 25 July 1652 to Deborah C. relict, during minority 
of James C. son & executor. 

Bowyer, 203. 

[The testator was eldest son of James Codd, of Wateringbury, gent, 
(d. 161 1 ) whose will was printed in this Magazine XXV, 53. William 
Codd, Esq., of Pelicans, Kent., father of St. Leger Codd, of Virginia 
and Maryland, was the "kinsman" named in the will above. His will 
was published in this Magazine XXIII, 382. William Codd, of Peli- 
cans, married in 1632, Mary daughter of Sir Warham St. Leger, of 


COURT, 1622-1629 

From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


A Court at James Cityy the 28 tn of January 1627. 
Being present 

Capt ffrancis West Esq 1 " Gouerno r &c. 

Capt Smyth 

Capt M r Secretary. 

There was a controversy in Court betweene Henry Cate- 
lyne, Marchant & Robert Eedes, Chirurgion of y 6 Hopewell 
and they did voluntarily agree betweene themselves that Rich : 
Russell, Master of y* said shipp, the .... of the said 
Chirurgion should pay unto y e said Henry Catelyne six pounds 
of lawfull mony of England for the passage of a maide whom 
the said Chirurgion hath married since her arriuall in this 

Thomas Ironmonger 15 arrested at the suite of Bridget 
Bunn, Widow, for 215 1 of Tobacco ought to appeare 12 th 
of ffebruary. 

John Dauys 16 of James Citty planter arrested at the suite 
of John Bottom for five barrels of eares of Corne, & to ap- 
peare on y* 3 4 th of ffebruary. Serj* John Harris of Sherly- 
Hundred arrested at y e suite of Thomas Ironmonger for 160 1 
of Tobacco appeare at y e Quarter Court 

15 Thomas Ironmonger lived at Jordan's Journey, Charles City (now 
Jordan's Point, Prince George County) 1624-5. 

16 There were several men named John Davis in the colony at the 
Census of 1624-5. The one here referred to may be John Davis, who 
came in the George in 1617, and who had a plantation at Jordan's 
Journey, 1624-5. 


At this Court M r Richard Kingsmell was arrested at y e 
suite of M r Richard Stevens for 9 1 of Tobacco who acknow- 
ledged the debt but refused to take his oath that he had ever 
paid the same but the debt remained uncrossed in the booke 
of M r Stuens his seruant [Mr. Stevens' servant] wherevppon 
the Court hath ordered that he should make paim* of y e same 
unto y e said M r Kingsmell 

Quarter Court 

At James Cityy the 5 th of ffebruary 1627, p r sent 
Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno r &c. 

Doctor Pott, M r Claybourne, 

Capt Smyth, Capt Tucker, 

Capt Mathews. M r fTarrar. 

Whereas Simon Turgis 17 made petition to the Court that 
hee might have satisfaction given vnto him by Michell Mar- 
shatt, Marchant, for two servants w ch the said Simon Turgis 
his brother in England agreed w th the said Michael Mar- 
shatt should be transported hither to Virginia & paid for 
their two passages twelve pounds of lawfull mony & to 
bring them over in the shipp the Truelove of London. And 
for that the said two men did runne away before they were 
shipped, the w ch thing was alsoe knowne unto y e brother of 
the said Simon Turgis before the departure of y 6 said shipp 
out of the river of Thames, & the said Michaell Marshatt gave 
his bill of exchange unto the said Simon Turgis his brother 
that in reguard the said two men were runne away, he should 
be paid againe the mony that way received for their passages. 
Now the Court thinketh it to be very reasonable that the said 
Mr Marshatt, according to his owne proffer at this time, 
should give good security unto the said Simon Turgis to 
deliver or cause to be delivered unto him y e said Simon, the 
next yeare before the end of January next ensueing, or pres- 

17 Symon Turgis, aged 30, who came in the Deliverance, 1618, was 
one of Robert Bagwells "Muster' at West and Shirley Hundred, 1624-5. 


ently uppon the arrivall of such shipps wherein they may 
conveniently be sent over, three men servants, if it shall soe 
happen that the said mony be not repaid in England by vertue 
of y 6 bill of Exchange aforesaid, All that otherwise the said 
Michaell Marshatt doe not uppon his arrivall pay the said 
mony himselfe & the use due uppon y* same. 

Whereas there hath been a Controversy depending in Court 
betweene Edward Sharpies, Marchant & John Moore, Gent, 
concerning five men w ch were shipped abroad the shipp the 
Thomas & John of London, the Court hath ordered (after 
full examination of all the Cause & the passages thereof as by 
the oathes taken at y e Court y e 24 th of December 1627 may 
more plainly appeare) that the said men servants shall be 
delivered unto the said Edward Sharpeles & to serve him 
uppon such conditions as the said Mr. Moore hath indented 
or agreed w th them. The mens names are as followeth viz 
John de ffrizes, Thomas Powell, Ralfe Cannion,(?) John 
Claus, & Robert Burde. 

At this Court Richard Stevens, Marchant, delivered upp the 
inventory of the estate of Henry Jacob 18 , Minister, who de- 
ceased about five yeares since, the Com'ission of Administra- 
tion uppon y e said estate haveing been formerly graunted unto 

18 Henry Jacob (1563-1624). The Dictionary of National Biography 
contains an account of his life. He was son of John Jacob, yoeman, 
of Cheriton, Kent, matriculated at St. Mary Hall, Oxford, Nov. 27, 
1581, B. A., 1583, M. A., 1586. About 1590 he joined the Brownists and 
upon the general banishment of that sect retired to Holland in 1593. 
He returned in 1597, but in the next year on account of his publication 
of a controversial book was compelled to fly again to Holland. Though 
a Brownist, Jacob allowed the Church of England to be a true church 
in need of a thorough reformation. In 1609 he published an address 
"to The right High and Mightie Prince lames," entitled "an Humble 
Supplication for Toleration and Libertie to enjoy the ordinances of 
Christ Iesus in the administration of his church in lieu of Humane 
[Human] Constitutions." He ultimately adopted John Robinson's view 
of Church government. In 1616 he returned to England and formed 
an independent congregation in Southwak, supposed to be the first 
congregational church in England. He continued there six years. In 
order to disseminate his views among the inhabitants of Virginia he 
removed to that colony, with some of his church, in October, 1622, and 
formed a settlement named for him, Jacobopolis. He died in May, 1624, 
according to one account in Virginia, but the D. N. B. states that in 
the grant of administration to his wife Sara (sister of James Dumar- 
esque, of Jersey) he is said to have died in the parish of St. Andrew 
Hubbard, London. 


the said Richard Stevens by S r ffrancis Wyatt late Governed 
of this Colony. And the said Richard Stevens did testify & 
protest uppon his oath taken on the holy Evangels that the 
said Inventory by him now delivered into the Court is a full 
true & perfecte Inventory of all the goods & chatties of the 
sai dHenry Jacob unto the utmost of his knowledge. 

This must be put to the next Court day. W. Claybourne 
At this Court was produced the will & testament of Sir 
George Yeardley 19 , Knight late governo 1 * of Virginia, & was 
prooved to be his will by the oathes of Mr Willia' Clayborne r 
secretarye, & M rs Susan Hall, & that they were then present 
when he read, signed, & sealed the same: & further the said 
Will'm Clayborne saith that the said Sir George Yeardley 
desyred him to wryte the Codicill w ch is annexed to the said 
will, & that he was wittnes to the same : & further sayth that 
the said S r George Yeardley was in perfect sense & memory 
at the makeing of the said will & codicill. 

At this Court John Gunnery 20 of Elizabeth Citty, Planter, 
preferred a petition ag st John Jackson & Richard Kin^smell, 
complaining ag st them, that whereas they had received from 
the Petitioner eighty three pounds of Tobacco, due unto one 
Humphrey Barret, Marriner, by virtue of a letter of Att'ny 
by him made unto them, about the 15 th clay of January 1624, 
& that by their letters into England unto one .... Clarke 
.... they have denyed .... great prejudice in England. 
Now the said John Jackson & Richard Kingsmell being sent 
for unto the Court have freely acknowledged that they have 
received the said Tobacco from the said John Gunnery about 
the 15 th day of January aforesaid, & does at this time fully 
& absolutely discharge him from the same. And this the 
Court hath thought good to testify on the behalfe of the said 
John Gunnery at his ernest request & desire 

19 An abstract of the will of Sir George Yeardley was printed in 
Waters' Gleanings. 30. 

20 In 1626 John Gunnery owned 150 acres in Elizabeth City. He also 
owned land there in 1624. He was, no doubt, the John Gundrie, who, 
in the census of 1624-5 is given a separate "muster." He was then 
aged 33 and had come in the Star in 1610. His wife, Marie, aged 20, 
came in the George, 1618, and they had a son John, two years old, born 
in Virginia. 


A Court at James Citty the 6 th of ffebruary, 1627 : present 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 
Docto r Pott Mr Secretary 

Capt Smyth Capt Tucker 

Capt Mathewes M r ffarrar 

See records fol: 90. 

Whereas, at a Court holden the 12 th day of October 1626, 
it was ordered that Docto r Pott should procure out of Eng- 
land either from S r ffrancis Wyatt or Mr George Sandys 
before the last day of October last past a certificate under 
their hands & seales to testify that either the one or the other 
of them delievr'd the kyne w ch were then in the possession 
of the said Docto r Pott, unto him, as belonging unto his place 
of Physitian ; now at this Court M r Docto r Pott produced two 
certificates under the hands & seales of the said S r ffrancis 
Wyatt & M r George Sandys, the teno r & effect of w ch was 
to certify that the said Mr Sandys at his departure out of 
this Country left the said kyne w th the said Docto r Pott 
knoweing them to be noe more then was his due, ffurther the 
said S r ffrancis Wyatt doth testify that y e said Docto r Pott 
tooke the sole charge & possession of y e kyne, by order & 
consent of the said M r Sandys, hee being then Gouerno r 
And tooke a note under y e said Docto r Pott his hand for 
makeing good & delivery of five kyne, (there being then onely 
these remaining alive) upon his death or surrender of his 
place, as conceiving the sd kyne in equity & reason belonging 
unto his place. And here uppon the major part of the Court 
hath thought fitt, according unto y e said certificates to order 
that the said three Cowes doe continue in the possession of 
the said Docto r Pott, conceaving the same to be due unto him 
by his place of Physitian, according to a Contract made be- 
tweene him & the Company in England. And doe further 
thinke it appertaineing unto y e said Docto r Pott uppon his 
death or surrender of his place that hee should made good 
fowre Cowes, being sufficiently given to understand that one 
of the said five kyne dyed in the som'er time in this Island on 
plaine ground, before such time as he had received them in 
that kind. 


Richard Littlefere aged 30 yeares & borne in the Bishop- 
pricke of Durrham sworne & examined sayth that about 2 of 
the clocke in the night on the 14 th day of January last past 
hee this examinate lyeing in his bed heard one walk about 
the houses in the ffort at Grindalls Hill, & considering that it 
was noe time of the night for any one to be abroad, & about 
halfe an howre after he this examinate lifted upp himselfe 
in his bed & looked out of the window, & saw one Will'm 
Mills comeing out at an hole in the wall of y e store some 
boards being down at one end; then this examinate called to 
his Mate John Dansy who lay w th him, and sayd there is one 
comeing out of the store, shall we take him, & the sayd John 
Dansy answered noe, then this deponent sayd if you will not 
meddle w th him, I will not And this examinate further sayth 
that he then saw the sayd Will'm Mills after he was come out 
to set downe his cappe uppon y e ground & after-wards putt 
upp the boards w th his hands into their places againe. And 
this examinate did not see the sayd Will'm Mills to bringe 
out any thinge else w th him out of the store, And this is all 
that examinate can say. 

John Dansy, aged 25 yeares bourne in the City of Worcester 
sworne & examined sayth that about two of the clocke in the 
night time on the 14 th of January last past he this examinate 
being a sleepe in his bed at Grindons Hill one Rich : Littlefere 
being in bed w th him jogged this examinate & calling uppon 
him said looke yonder looke yonder, then this deponent sayd 
why what is there, & the sayd Littlefere answered there is 
Mills comeing out of the store, And soe this examinate layd 
himselfe downe againe to sleepe. And this examinate fur- 
ther sayth that about three dayes after he this examinate goeing 
unto the house of John Tios & Thomas Hall w th Mr Grin- 
don to serch for stolne goods The sayd Mr Grindon asked the 
said Thomas Hall for the shoes & other things that his man 
had brought unto him, & then the sayd Thomas Hall presently 
went unto his Chest delivered the said Mr Grindon seaven 
paire of shoes & one shirt & said there was all that he had. 
And this is all that this examinate can say. 


Edward Grinden gent sworne & examined sayth that on 
Sonday night the 14 th day of January last past this depon- 
ent's wife told him that Richard Littlefere his servant did the 
last night see Will'm Mills one other of his servants Comeing 
out of the store, then this examinate spoake unto one of his 
men to goe naile up boards, & the next day this deponent 
came over unto y e Towne, & on the Tewsday after he this 
examinate tooke the said Will'm Mills & examined him con- 
cerning y e same: And then y e sayd Will'm Mills confessed 
that he had stollen out of the store twice some currants & 
once some suger & six paire of shoes & one shirte ; then this 
examinate presently went downe unto the house of John Tios 
& Thomas Hall, & asked the sayd Thomas Hall where were 
the shoes & others things that his man Will'm Mills had 
brought thither, & the sayd Tho: Hall answered there was 
halfe a dozen paire of shoes & sayd that y e said Mills told 
him that he had been at Chapoaks-Creeke, And this Exam- 
inate asked if there was not a shirte & the sayd Thomas Hall 
answered yes, & soe presently brought out a course shirte, And 
soe this examinate went home againe : Afterwards that Exam- 
inate haveing a Warrant to serch for such goods as he had 
had stolne from him, & goeing againe to the house of the 
said John Tios & Thomas Hall to serch he this examinate 
went upp in to the loft & found a bagg of fowle cloathes, & in 
the said Bagg there was two other small Baggs, the one have- 
ing about six pounds of currants, & the other about 3 pounds 
of suger, & then Jane the wife of the sayd John Tios told 
this examinate that they had bought the suger of a frrenchman 
aboard the James, & the currants of M r Edmunde Doggatt, 
presentl yafter this the said John Tios came home, & this 
deponent asked him, what currents & suger those were that 
he had in the house, & the sayd Tios answered, if there were 
any there, they were not his for he knew of none : Then this 
examinate went upp againe & brought downe the said currants 
& suger & gave them unto Edward Temple to keepe. And 
afterwards this deponent made serch in the chests of the sayd 
John Tios, but could find none of his owne goods therein. 

(To be continued) 



(Abstracts by W. -N. Sainsbury and Copies in the McDonald 

and Dejarnette Papers (Virginia State Library), 

from the British Public Record Office. 


Instructions to Governor Lord Culpeper and His 

3. This having all been most exactly done by me in 1680 I 
thought it Superfluous now, supposing this Instruction to be 
made for a new Governor, and not the Return of an old one. 

4. And you are to communicate unto Our Council of Virg a , 
from time to time such and soe many of our Instructions 
given unto you as you shall find convenient for Our Service 
to be imparted to them. 

4. I have performed this from time to time as occasion of- 
fered, and may appeare in the Secretarys Register. 

5. And Our further Will & Pleasure is that the members of 
y e s d Council shall and may have & enjoy freedom of debate 
& votes in all things debated of in Council. 

5. They have always enjoyed it in all things with the greatest 
liberty Imaginable. 

6. I never acted once with lesse then five, and then always 
these p'ts, We have thought fit to direct that any three of our 
Counsellors make a Quorum, It is nevertheless Our Will & 
Pleasure that you doe not act with a Quorum of less than 
five members unless upon extraord ry occasions. 

7. I never acted once with lesse then five, and then always 
caused notice to be given to every one. 

7. And in y° choice of Members of y e sd. Council in case of 
any vacancy or suspension, as also of the great Officers, 

VIRGINIA IN 1683 53 

Judges, Assistants, Justices & Sheriffs You are always to 
take care that they bee men of estate & abilitys & not neces- 
sitous people or much in debt. [These words added in another 
hand] Well affected 

7. I never yet suspended any our Afficer but only Major 
Whiting 1 , and that by the advice of the Counsel, for the rea- 
sons mentioned in the order for the same. Dated 16 th Apr ill 
last, herewith delivered, and I have most punctually observed 
the other parts, and that I might be the better enformed have 
never once made a Judge, or issued out a Commission for the 
peace but in full Councell, and For Sheriffes I caused three 
persons to be presented to me by the Councell, of whom I 
appointed one. I would have been much better, if the same 
had been so done by others. 

8. And Our Will & Pleasure is that you doe neither Augment 
nor diminish y e members of Our sd. Council as it is hereby 
established, nor suspend any of y e present members thereof 
without good and sufficient cause. And in case of suspension 
of any of them, you are forthwith to transmit unto Us to y 6 
Lords of Our Privy Council appointed a Committee for Trade 
and Forreign Plantations the reasons for your soe doing to- 
gether with the charges and proofs against the said persons 
and their answer thereunto. 

8. I have neither augmented nor diminished the number nor 
suspended or had the least occasion to suspend any one now 

9. And you are to signify Our Pleasure unto Our said Coun- 
cil that if any of them shall hereafter absent themselves with- 
out leave from Our Gov 1 " for the time being first obtained, or 
remains absent for the space of two years or y* greater part 
thereof without Our Leave given unto them under Our Royal 
Signiture their place or places in Our said Council shall im- 
mediately thereupon become void, and that Wee will forthwith 
take care that others be appointed in their stead. 

9. I have communicated this and given leave to Major Gen 1 " 

1 Henry Whiting, of Gloucester County, appointed to the Council 
1690, and Treasurer of Virginia, 1692-93. For a note on him and his 
descendants see this Magazine XVIII, 356-359. 


Smyth and Col. Phillip Ludwell to come for England for a 

10. And you are from time to send us & Our said Committee 
of Trade & Plantations y e Names & qualities of any Mem- 
bers by you put into y e said Council by first conveniency after 
yo r soe doing. 

10. By reason of the death of Col. Kempe Just before my ar- 
rivall and of Sir Henry Chichley in the beginning of last 
February and that Major Gen. Smyth and Col. Ludwell were 
to go for England, and that Mrs. John Custis hath been for 
above a yeare in a very languishing condition without stirring 
abroade, and often said to be (and I feare it) Dead, There 
remained in effect but Eight of the Councell on the place, soe 
that according ao the Intent of my last commission, uppon 
the unanimous representation of the Fitnesse of Col. John 
Lear 2 , a person of Interest (having constantly for many yeares 
been in all Assemblies) Rich, Honest and in every respect duely 
Qualified, (the only Motif with me) Though little knowne to 
me I admitted him of the Councell under His Majesties good 
liking (after taking the usual oaths and subscribing the test) 
on the 23 rd day of May last past, but comeing home soe soone 
after, Sent noe notice Intending to doe it in person. 
I cannot on this occasion omitt to Recommend to his Ma ty bj 
your Lord ippes Col. Isaack Allerton 3 , as a person most fitt to 
be of His Councell there, He hath been all along Extremely 
well affected, was very Instrumentall in Inducing the Assem- 
bly to passe the Revenue Act in 1680, is a prudent Learned 
man, and an Excellent Speaker in the House of Burgesses 
where though not desiring it He missed being chosen Speaker 
last November but by one voyce and I verily beleeve will be 
Speaker of the next Assembly. Tie did assure me of his ut- 
most Services in whatsoever the Kin°: should command Him 

2 John Lear, of Nansemond County, member of Council 1683-1695. 
For a note on him see this Magazine XVII, 228-231. 

3 Isaac Allerton, of Westmoreland County, member of Council 1683- 
1688, when he declined to take the oaths. He was son of Isaac Aller- 
ton, the Mayflower Pilgrim. For a note on him and has family see 
this Magazine I, 199, 200, and also genealogy of his descendants in the 
New England Hist. — Gen. Register, July, 1891. 

VIRGINIA IN 1683 55 

by His Governour particularly as to a Further Bill of Reve- 
nue for the Support of the Government and I did engage to 
move His Ma ty that he should be of the Councell and should 
have all advantages thereof as from Midsummer last, though 
not to be declared till after the session of next assembly, 
where I am sure he can (and I beleeve will) be as Serviceable 
if not more than any other person whatsoever, Had he been 
present in the Assembly of Aprill 1682, matters had not been 
carryed soe. 

11. And you are to observe in the passing of Laws That the 
Stile of Enacting the same By the Governour, Council and 
Assembly bee henceforth used and none other 

11. On the unanimous Request of the Councell, that the House 
of Burgesses might not draw Advantages to its selfe in their 
late frivolous dispute with the Councill last session about 
priviledges, as if the Councell were noe part of the Assem- 
bly, I did think fit to enact the thirteen Lawes I then passed, 
by the Stile of Gouvernor, Councell and Burgesses of the 
General Assembly. 

12. And Our express Will and Pleasure is that you transmit 
authentick copies under the Publick Seal of all Laws, Statutes, 
& Ordinances that are now made & in force to w ch shall be 
made & enacted within the said Colony Unto Us & the Lords 
of Our Privy Council appointed a Committee for Trade & 
Foreign Plantations within three months or sooner after their 
being enacted, together with Duplicate thereof by the next 
conveyance Upon pain of Our highest Displeasure & of the 
forfeiture of that years salary wherein you shall at any time 
or upon any pretence whatsoever, omit to send over the said 
Laws & Ordinances as aforesaid within y e time above lim- 
ited, as alsoe of such other penalty as Wee shall please to 
inflict, in such manner as is likewise directed in reference to 
Our other Plantations. 

12. I have observed this Instruction most Exactly, only by an 
accidental mistake I sent home the Duplicate of the Lawes 
(attested by the Clarke of the House of Burgesses) in stead 
of the originall under the Seale of the Conly, w ch your Lord ippes 
will now receive. 


13. And you are not to suffer any Publick money whatsoever 
to bee issued or disposed of otherwise than by a Warrant 
under y r hand, But the Assembly may be nevertheless per- 
mitted from time to time to View & Examine y e Acco ts of 
mony or value of mony disposed of by vertue of such Laws 
as they shall make w ch you are to signify unto them as occa- 
sion shall serve. 

13. This hath been Exactly observed. And whensoever an As- 
sembly Sits, I have ordered the Auditor to transmit the Copyes 
of all accounts to them. 

14. And you shall observe, in the framing & passing of Laws, 
that no fines, forfeitures or penaltys be mentioned therein to 
bee applyed or become payable otherwise than to Us Our 
Heirs & Successors for y e support of y e Government or to 
the Informer, except in special cases. 

14. This hath been exactly observed. 

15. And it is Our Express Will & Pleasure that all Laws 
whatsoever for y e good govern^ & support of Our said Col- 
ony of Virg a bee made indefinite & without limitation of time 
except the same bee for a temporary end and which shall 
expire & have its full effect within a certain time. 

15. This hath been exactly observed. 

16. And therefore you shall not reinact any Law w ch shall bee 
once enacted by you Except upon my urgent occasions, but in 
noe case more than once without Our Express consent. 

16. I never have Re-enacted any law whatsoever. 

17. You shall not remit any fines or forfeitures whatsoever 
above y e summs of Ten pounds before or after Sentence given, 
nor dispose of any Escheats due to Us untill you shall have 
first signified unto Us y e nature of y e offence or occasion of 
such Fines & forfeitures with y e particular summs or value 
thereof (w ch you are to doe w th all speed unto Our high 
treasurer or Comissions ??? for ye time being) untill you 
shall have received Our directions therein. But you may, in 
y e meantime, suspend y e payment of y° same. 

17. I have never Granted but one pardon since my being 
Gouvernor for any Fines or forfeitures whatsoever, and that 
was to one John Herbert Factor to Mr. Buller for the Kings 


part of Tobaccos forfeited by the Exportation of Deere Skins 
last December Contrary to an Act of Assembly made in June 
1680, And though (if Tobacco be worth anything) that ex- 
ceeded Ten pounds yet I thought fit to doe it, because I judged 
the Losse of the skins sufficient. But as for Escheats, they 
are not due to the King, but to the respective patentees, who 
have disposed thereof, and now continue soe to doe according 
to their grants under the Great Seals for the same. 

18. And you are particularly not to pass any Law or doe any 
act by grant, settlement or otherwise whereby Our Revenue 
may be lessened or impaired without Our especial leave or 
commands therein. 

18. I have neither passed Law or Done any one Act what- 
soever tending thereunto, but on the contrary, have done all 
I possibly could to Improve the same, and I believe in some 
time you will be sensible thereof by the effect. 

19. You are to require the Sec ry of Our Colony or his 
Dep ty for the time being to furnish you with all such Acts & 
Publick Orders as shall be made from time to time, together 
with a copie of the Journal of the Council to the end y 6 same 
may bee transmitted unto Us as above directed, w ch hee is 
duely to perform upon pain of incurring the forfeiture of his 

19. I have ordered Mr. Secretary Spencer soe to doe, and 
I believe in this as in all other things He hath been most exact 
and punctuall. 

(To be continued) 



(From State Auditor's Papers, now in State Library) 


Ditto paid James Johnson Balance 
of his recruiting account and 
for Arms Hunting Shirts Etc. 
for a Company raised in Lunen- 
burg 92 13 io l / 2 

Ditto paid William Willis for Gum 

furnished by Major Eppes 5 10 

Ditto paid Champion Travis for 
Arms furnished the public ser- 
vice yy 

Ditto paid Thomas Patterson for 

pay of reg Comp y to 28 Feby ... 90 1 8 

Ditto paid P. Carrington for Wil- 
liam Page for Express hire... 20 

Ditto paid H. B. Lightfoot for a 
Quantity of Rugs furnished a 
Company of Regulars raised in 
Henrico County 35 

Ditto paid John Dandridge for 
Arms furnished the Army 6 

Ditto paid Edwin Grey for a Gun 
furnished Cap n Ridleys Com- 
pany 2 5 

Ditto paid Nicholas Faulcon for 
John H. Cocke Sundries fur- 
nished the Army 17 2 3 


Ditto paid Ditto for Ro. Ryland 
Ditto 18 

Ditto paid William Peasley for W. 
Miskell for Necessaries fur- 
nished said Company 39 19 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Necessaries 

furnished Lancaster Battallion. 2 19 9 

Ditto paid Richard Lee for the 

hire of Labourers to Ditto .326 

Ditto paid William Bibb for John 
Norton balance of his Recruit- 
ing Account 20 10 

Ditto paid W. S. Sclater for Pro- 
visions & pay of his Company 
Minute Men 55 1 6 

Ditto paid Parke Goodall for Pro- 
visions furnish'd Fountains Com- 
pany 5 8 

Ditto paid David Mason for sundry 

1776 Arms formerly purchased 52 6 6 

March 8 To cash paid David Mason for sun- 
dry Arms to the Brunswick reg- 
ulars 37 2 6 

Ditto paid D. W. Hewitt for Wood 
to the Troops at York 20 

Ditto paid George Lyne for pay 
& Provisions to his Company of 
Minute Men on training Duty. .19 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for recruiting men 
18 in lieu of that Number entered 
in the regular service 4 10 

Ditto paid John S. Wills for Pro- 
visions Arms Ammunition and 
other Necessaries furnish'd the 
Isle of White Minute Men 136 8 7^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for the pay of 
his Company Minute Men 159 10 4j4 


Ditto paid Foushee & Orr for 
Medicines Etc to Cap n Davis's 
Company 2 

Ditto paid J. S. Wills for Neces- 
saries to different Companies on 
march I 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Brewer God^ 
win for Provisions furnished 
Militia in Isle White County... 11 15 *jy 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Thomas 
for Provisions furnish'd the 
Powder escort from Carolina.. 12 8 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for pay of his 

Company Militia on guard 2.7 9 4 

Ditto paid Thomas Wooten for 

Express Hire and other expenses 15 3 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas Woo- 
ten jun r for Horse Hire 1 

Ditto paid William DuVal for pay 

of his Company to the 11 th Inst.. 115 19 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggon Hire 

1776 to the Public 4 17 6 

March 8 To cash paid Nathaniel Cocke for 
Pouches Blanketts & Provisions 
furnish'd his Company of the 7 th 
Regiment 30 16 9 

Ditto paid James Dillard for Pro- 
visions to Cap" Anderson Co y . . 13 

Ditto paid Ro. Donald for Sul- 
phur furnished by Ch. Duncan. 62 9 6 

Ditto paid John Walker for Col 

Digges for Fodder 38 2 

Ditto paid John Cooper for Fodder 

furnished the Army 15 15 

Ditto paid Samuel Garland for 

Amount of his pay Roll 19 9 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Hunting 
Shirts furn'd his Company 5 


Ditto paid Ditto for Captain Glen 

Hunting Shirts his Company. . . 12 4 
Ditto paid Turner Southall for 

Sundry Persons for Sundries 

furnish'd for the use of the 

Public 68 2 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Rich d Hogg 

for a gun f urnish'd the Army . . 4 
Ditto paid Ditto for Edward Mil- 
ler for Ditto 3 15 

Ditto paid James Barron for Paper 

f urnish'd Col° Grayson 5 

Ditto paid Richard Bray for Wood 

furn'd the Army 38 10 

Ditto paid Andrew Waggoner for 

Captain John Newell for Arms 

and Waggon hire to the Fron- 

teer Troops 348 16 

) Ditto paid Ro. Anderson for 

Thomas Hughes to Sundry Nec- 
essaries and Express Hire 7 12 nJ/4 

Ditto paid John Draper for Wm. 

Draper for 4 Guns 11 

Ditto paid Ditto for Express Hire. 3 12 3 
Ditto paid Martin McKennon for 

Ro. Southerland for a gun.... 4 10 
Ditto paid Phillip Brown for Wood 

f urnish'd the Army 7 16 6 

Ditto paid William Geddy for a 

Gun f urnish'd the Public 4 

Ditto paid Barnabas Gaff say 

William Pickett for Waggon 

hire 74 16 

Ditto paid Ditto for W m Ransdale 

for sundries furnish'd the 

Troops at Suffolk 97 11 9 

Ditto paid Eduard Digges for 

House Rent to the Soldiers.... 9 2 754 


Ditto paid John Royall for Eliza- 
beth Worsham for Ferriage. ... 4 

Ditto paid George Baker for Wag- 
gonage to and from Dunmore . . 20 

Ditto paid William Elsy for Wag- 
gon hire to the 8 th Regiment. . . 7 10 

Ditto paid Henry Chrisman for 

Waggon hire Ditto 19 7 

Ditto paid Thomas Bachelor for 
Plank & Timber made use of 
in Building a Fort at Batchelor 
Mills 16 16 

Ditto paid William Willis for re- 
pairing Guns for the Army 18 

9 Ditto paid John Gregory balance 
of Captain Gregory's recruiting 
Account 20 10 

Ditto paid Miles Taylor for the 
use of John Barrett for 12 
Ruggs furnish'd the Prisoners at 
Richmond 13 16 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ruggs fur- 
nish'd a Company from Hanover 8 14 

Ditto paid Ditto for Guns fur- 
nish'd by Sundry Persons 12 15 

Ditto paid H. Laughton for Dixon 
& Hunter for sundries to the 
Army 18 

Ditto paid William Wilson for a 

gun furnish'd the Public 1 10 

Ditto paid Peter Dun for the use 
of Captain Gregory for Provi- 
sions furnish'd his Company to 
the 2 nd of March 76 8 

Ditto paid William DuYal for a 
gun for the use of the Army. ... 5 

Ditto paid John Cunningham for 
Seamans Wages and other Ex- 


penses to the Brigg Tommy. . . . 175 4 7 

Ditto paid William Allen for Wood 
1776 furnish'd the Troops at York.. 4 

March 9 To cash paid William DuVal for 

John Shafts for a gun 4 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggonage to 

the Henrico Minute Men 4 17 6 

Ditto paid Mary Tinham for Straw 

furnish'd the Troops at York. 2 12 6 

Ditto paid Thomas Foster for 
Waggonage to Troops Novem- 
ber last 7 7 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggonage 

of Sundries for the Army 2 1 3 

Ditto paid James Hill for Wood 

& Forage furnish'd Ditto 67 17 

Ditto paid Thomas Chilton for a 
Rifle to Capt n Triplets Com- 
pany 5 

Ditto paid John Cunningham for 

2 Swivel Guns 5 5 

Ditto paid Stephen Mitchell for 
Seymour Powell for Wood fur- 
nish'd Troops York 6 11 

Ditto paid Ditto for Janet Mitchell 

for Cart Hire 1 5 

10 Ditto paid William Goodson for 

Samuel Spurr for Brickwork. . 35 18 5 

Ditto paid James Upshaw for Capt n 
Samuel Hawes for pay of his 
Company to 28 th February. ... 152 7 

Ditto paid William North for Sun- 
dries furnish'd Troops at Hamp- 
ton 33 10 

Ditto paid Samuel Boyd for Medi- 
cine furnish'd the Army 24 11 3 

Ditto paid Able Westfall for hunt- 
ing Shirts and Necessaries fur- 


nished his Company from Hamp- 
shire 40 8 gy 2 

Ditto paid Samuel Boyd for a Sad- 
dle lost in the Service 2 10 

Ditto paid Able Westfall for bal- 
lance recruiting Expenses 18 

Ditto paid John Steuart for a Rifle 

furnish'd the Public 4 

11 Ditto paid James Slate for mak- 
ing H. Shirts for Capt n Rich- 
ardson's Company 6 9 

Ditto paid John Nicholson for 
Rob 1 Rufrm for Ferriages and 
•Necessaries to Sundry Troops. . 30 2 6 

Ditto paid Anthony Noble for Car- 
ton Boxes Etc to the 3 & 5 Reg. 193 15 

(To be continued) 


War History Commission 

No. 1 




Collected for the Virginia War Archives. 


Arthur Kyle Davis, Chrm. H. J. Eckenrode 

Charles R. Keiley, Secy. Douglas Freeman 

Henry R. Mcllwaine Edward N. Calisch 

Thomas Nelson Page John Preston McConnell 

S, C. Mitchell James S. Wilson 

Harry St. George Tucker J. A. C. Chandler 

Jo Lane Stern Lyon G. Tyler 

D. J. O'Connell Robert R. Prentis 


General Editors. 

Arthur Kyle Davis, Chairman, Petersburg, Va. 
President Edwin A. Alderman, University of Virginia. 
Mr. James Branch Cabell, Dumbarton, Va. 

Section Editors. 

Section I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

Chairman — Hon. Thos. Nelson Page, former Ambassador to Italy. 
Associate — W. G. Stanard, Sec. Va. Hist. Soc, Richmond, Va. 

Section II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Chairman — •Rabbi E. N. Calisch, Ph. D., Richmond, Va. 
Associates — Pres. H. L. Smith, Washington and Lee University, Lexing- 
ton, Va. ; Mr. Alfred B. Williams, Washington, D. C. 

Section III — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Chairman — Dr. S. C. Mitchell, Univ. of Richmond, Richmond, Va. 
Associates — Rt. Rev. Beverley D. Tucker, Norfolk, Va. ; Dr. W. W. Moore, 
Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Va. ; Dr. Sparks W. Melton, Nor- 
folk, Va. ; Dr. W. Russell Bowie, Richmond, Va. 

Section IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 

Chairman — Dr. Jas. S. Wilson, Poe Prof, of Eng., Univ. of Virginia. 
Associates — Dr. Albert Lefevre, University of Va. ; Dr. R. E. Blackwell, 
Pres. Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, Va. ; Mr. Harris Hart, State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, Richmond, Va. 

Section V — Political Contributions of Virginia. 

Chairman — Judge R. R. Prentis, Supreme Court of Appeals, Richmond. 
Associates — Dr. Lindsay Rogers, University of Virginia ; Col. Leroy 
Hodges, Richmond, Virginia. 

Section VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

Chairman — Brig. Gen. Jo Lane Stern, Richmond, Va. 

Associates — Col. Jennings C. Wise, Office Chief of Staff, Washington, 

D. C. ; Col. S. Rolfe Millar, Front Royal, Va. 

Section VII — Virginia Camps and Cantonments. 

Chairman — Dr. H. J. Eckenrode, Sec. Southern Hist. Soc, Richmond. 
Associates — Maj. John S. Graves, Charlottesville, Va. ; Dr. Susan M. 
Lough, Westhampton College, Richmond, Va. 

Section VIII — Economic Conditions in War-Time. 

Chairman — Hon. Harry St. George Tucker, Lexington, Va. 

Associates — Thos. S. Purdie, Norfolk, Va. ; Major Armistead M. Dobie, 

University of Va. 

Section IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 

Chairman — Col. Charles R. Keiley, Richmond, Va. 

Associates — Mrs. Egbert G. Leigh, Jr., Richmond, Va. ; Mr. Wyndham R. 

Meredith, Richmond, Va. 

Section X — Navy and Transport in Chesapeake Bar. 
Chairman — Lyon G. Tyler, LL. D., Ed. Tyler's Mag., Holdcroft, Va. 

Section XI — Virginia Soldiers and Sailors Overseas. 
Chairman — Dr. Douglas Freeman, Richmond, Va. 

Section XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Chairman — Dr. J. P. McConnell, Pres. State Normal School, Radford. 
Associates Colonel Henry W. Anderson. Richmond, Va. ; Dr. William E. 
Gilbert, East Radford, Va. 

Section XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

Chairman — Dr. J. A. C. Chandler, Pres. Wm. & Mary College, Virginia. 
Associates — Mrs. William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. ; Mrs. B. B. Mun- 
ford, Richmond. Va. ; Mrs. Lucien Cocke. Roanoke, Va. 
Associate for Negro Work — Dr. R. L. Morton, William and Mary College. 

Section XIV — War Letters. Diaries and Incidents. 

Chairman — Dr. H. R. Mcllwaine, State Librarian. Richmond, Va. 
Associates — Hon. Lewis H. Machen, Richmond, Va. ; Hon. Rosewell Page 
Richmond, Va. 

Section XV — Post-War Conditions and Activities. 
Chairman — Rt. Rev. Dennis J. O'Connell, D. D.. Richmond. Va. 
Associates — Mr. John Stewart Bryan. Richmond. Va. : D. R. Anderson 
Pres.. Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va. 


This report is unique in our annals. Whether for praise or 
blame, the Virginia War History Commission is leading the way in 
America in publishing what it believes to be the first authentic list 
of war history material contributed by the counties of any state. 
This is a bold step. 

It is all the bolder because it is evident that these records leave 
many gaps. One purpose of the publication is to make these omis- 
sions plain to each local branch, so that they may be filled by 
timely effort. 

The next issue of the Magazine will contain the list of records 
collected by the cities of Virginia. The third issue will have a 
register of the military histories of Virginia organizations and of 
the more important diaries and narratives of Virginians in active 
service. All this material is now available for the use of the section 
editors in the preparation of manuscripts. The fourth issue of 
the year will probably be devoted to later reports from cities and 
counties of the state. 

No one can deny that all Virginia, militant and civilian, breathes 
from these modest county chronicles of war-time. Here the service 
records and citations, the letters and verses of Virginia soldiers 
stand cheek by jowl with the narratives and statistics of church 
and school, of finance and war relief. This is right human stuff. 
Is it history? 

It is not history in the cynic sense of Voltaire, for it is not 
merely his "picture of human crimes and misfortunes". Here the 
good-fellow qualities peep out from the letters of the soldiers; mercy 
and truth are met together in the Red Cross statistics; righteousness 
and war have kissed each other in the church narratives. 

It is not history in the philosophic sense of Bolingbroke's "dig- 
nity of history". There is a buoyant humor in such a title as 
"From Rookies to Veterans via the A. E. F.'\ and a homely tang in 
"Social Clubs near Military Camps". Here is reflected the war-time 
psychology of the Virginia town and cross-roads as well as the 
spirit of the camp and the trench. 

So this is history in the modern sense, in the broader human 
aspect. Perhaps this is what Byron meant when he said that his- 
tory, "with all her volumes vast, hath but one page". Is not this 
the page of humanity? And are not these human documents? 
These are the elements, the raw material from which history is 

Again the call to service comes to each member of the Com- 
mission. Shall not Virginia have the full record of her noble part 
in the Great War? It is only through this Commission that justice 
may be done to the Virginians that worked and dared and achieved. 
Let no county or city in Virginia have to face such a taunt as 
Wordsworth's reproach to France: 

"No master spirit, no determined road; 
But equally a want of books and men." 



ACCOMAC COUNTY — Dr. J. H. Ayres, Accomac, Va. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Bloxom M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by G. W. Watkins. 
Drummondtown M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by E. H. Powell. 
Melfa M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by O. L. Gilliam. 
Onancock Epis. Church; Narrative; by Miss Frances Taylor. 
Pungoteague M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by O. K. Odell. 
Wachapreague M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by C. L. Stillwell. 
Woodberry M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by E. H. Powell. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Report from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
10 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Eastern Shore Chapter — History; by History Committee. 

ALBEMARLE COUNTY — Mrs. M. Boocock, chrm., Keswick; 
Mrs. E. H. Joslin, Keswick; Mrs. G. H. Whitten, Keswick. 

Sec. II — Pre- War Conditions and Activities. 
Report of Pre- War Activities; 2 pp.; by T. J. Randolph. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Rio, Church of Our Saviour; Report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. H. F. Grant. 
Centenary M. E. Church; Quest, and letter; by Mrs. N. Sindall. 

Sec. IV — Virginia School and Colleges in the War. 
Report from County Public Schools. 
University of Virginia — Card Index of Service Men. 
Miller Manual Labor School in the World War; 3 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
8 Military Records in Duplicate. 
8 Nurses' Records. (Single copies.) 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Personnel of County Liberty Loan Organizations; 5 pp. 
Albemarle Food Production During the War; 2 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
History of County Chapter; 9 pp.; by May V. Crenshaw. 
Questionnaire and Statistical Report, Albemarle Chapter. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Work of the Y. M. C. A.; 3 pp.; by R. F. Krahler. 
Y. W. C. A.; Questionnaire. 
War Camp Community Service; Questionnaire. 
American Fund for French Wounded; by Bessie K. Alderman. 

ALLEGHANY COUNTY — Mrs. C. P. Jones, Jr., chrm., Coving- 
ton; H. M. McAllister, Covington; H. N. Sanford, Low Moor. 

Sec. II — Pro-War Conditions and Activities. 
General Narrative Report; 1 p.; by F. W. Long. 


Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

60 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Clifton Forge Chapter; Questionnaire. 

AMELIA COUNTY — J. G. Jefferson, Amelia C. H.; J. K. Irving, 
Amelia C. H. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 

Liberty Loan Organizations; Questionnaire; by T. R. Hardaway. 
Woman's L. L. Com.; Questionnaire; by Mrs. Southall Farrar. 
Boy Scout Liberty Loan Work; Report on Troop No. 1. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Amelia County Chapter; Questionnaire; by Geo. K. Taylor. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Report Showing No Organization of United War Workers. 

AMHERST COUNTY — C. L. Scott, chrm., Amherst; O. B. Ross, 
Amherst; Miss Caroline L. Sparrow, Sweet Briar. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 
Sweetbriar College; History. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
5 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. Xn — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Sweetbriar Branch; Questionnaire; by Geo. K. Taylor. 

APPOMATTOX COUNTY — Hon. J. W. Flood, chrm., Appomat- 
tox; C. N. Smith, Appomattox; Miss Mary L. Gills, Appomattox 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
3 Military Records in Duplicate. 

ARLINGTON COUNTY — Mrs. Catharine Rogers, chrm., Ballston; 
Fletcher Kemp, Rosslyn; A. B. Prosise, Clarendon. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Del Ray, Unknown Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. TV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Report from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI— Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
28 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
History or Arlington Chapter; 10 pp.; by History Committee. 
Arlington County Chapter; Questionnaire. 

AUGUSTA COUNTY — Mrs. E. L. Gibson, chrm., Staunton; Mrs. 
L. W. Peyton, Staunton; Miss Jane C. Howard, Staunton. 


Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

Nomination with Copies of Citations of Following: Pvt. B. W. 

Johnson, Pvt. J. M. Zirkle, Corp. R. P. Rowan, Segt. J. J. 

Nace, Lieut. Seidler, Maj. H. L. Opie, Lieut. A. G. Robertson, 

C. J. Churchman. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Augusta County Pre-War Cond.; 3 pp.; by A. P. Robertson. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Basic M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by Rev. M. L. Fearnow. 
New Hope, Unknown Church; Report; by Rev. L. Hammond. 
Stuart's Draft, Finley Memorial Pres. Church; Questionnaire. 
Waynesboro, Grace Ev. Luth. Ch.; Quest.; by Rev. E. L. Ritchie. 
Rocky Spring Pres. Church; Report; by E. I. Montgomery. 
Bethel Pres. Church; letter; 2 pp.; by H. S. Turner. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 
Staunton Military Academy; summary; 1 p.; Major Wonson. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
29 Military Records in Duplicate. 
Augusta County Draft Board; Statistical Report; by Clerk. 

Sec. VDII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Report of County Agent; 2 pp.; by P. C. Manley. 
Report of Farmers' Activities; 3 pp.; by P. C. Manley. 
County Turnpikes and Toll Roads; 2 pp.; by Supt. of Roads. 
Report of County School Nurse; 2 pp.; by Clarine Benton. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Fatherless Children of France; 2 pp.; by Emma P. Cassell. 
Tuesday Club of Augusta County War Work; 2 pp. 

BATH COUNTY — J. T. McAllister, chrm., Hot Springs; Miss 
Jeanne Graham McAllister, Warm Springs, Rev. C. W. Reed, 
Warm Springs. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
12 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Questionnaire; by Miss Mary McClintic. 

BEDFORD COUNTY — Mrs. G. P. Parker, chrm., Bedford; A. J. 
Cauthorne, Bedford; Miss Juliet Gish, Bedford. 

Sec. II — Pie-War Conditions and Activities. 
Pre-War Activities; narrative; 5 pp.; by E. S. Smith. 
Effect of the War on Bedford County; 2 pp.; by E. S. Smith. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Bedford; Unknown Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
121 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Questionnaire; by J. C. Brown. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Committee Questionnaire. 


Report on Food Conservation; 2 pp.; by O. A. Thomas. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Bedford County Chapter; History; 11 pp.; by Hunter Miller. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

War Camp Community Service Questionnaire; by O. C. Rucker. 

Near East Relief; Statistical Report; 5 pp. 

Federation of Co. Women's Clubs; 6 pp.; by Gretchen P. Bell. 

BLAND COUNTY — A. R. Poterfield, chrm., Bland; R. C. Repass, 
Bland; W ! . S. Dunn, Bland. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record in Duplicate. 

Sec. XH — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Bland County Chapter; Questionnaire; by Mr. J. H. Greever. 

BOTETOURT COUNTY — Ethan A. Painter, chrm., Fincastle; 
Mrs. J. S. Pechin, Buchanan; Mrs. S. H. M. Jameson, Buchanan. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
6 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Botetourt County Chapter; History; by Mrs. Bertha P. Jameson. 

BRUNSWICK COUNTY — B. A. Lewis, chrm., Lawrenceville; 

Lorenza Hammack, Lawrenceville. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Lawrenceville, M. E. Church; Quest.; by H. B. Foushee. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
2 (White) Military Records in Duplicate. 

45 (Colored) Military Records in Duplicate (collected by Arch- 
deacon James S. Russell.) 
Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Brunswick County Chapter; History; by Mrs. F. N. Mallory. 

BUCHANAN COUNTY — W. L. Dennis, chrm., Grundy; Mrs. M. 
L. Combs, Grundy; F. H. Combs, Grundy. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

1 Military Record in Duplicate. 

BUCKINGHAM COUNTY — Rev. C. M. Barrell, chrm., Bucking- 
ham; S. R. Twyman, Wingina; Mrs. R. S. Ellis, Wiley. 

Sec. in — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Presbyterian Church; Questionnaire. 
Pleasant Grove Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 
Mulberry Grove Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 
Dillwyn Baptist Church; Answers to Questionnaire; 1 p. 
Enonville, Enon Baptist Church; List; by Mrs. D. M. Wood. 


Antioch Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 

New Store, Presbyterian Church; Quest.; by W. C. Chappell. 

White Hall M. E. Church; Questionnaire. 

Chestnut Grove Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 

Sharon Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 

Maysville Presbyterian Church; Questionnaire. 

Hanes Chapel M. E. Church; Questionnaire. 

Cardsville Church, St. Peter's; Questionnaire; by M. J. Cox. 

Emanuel Episcopal Church; Questionnaire. 

Petersville Colored Baptist Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Children of American Fund, from Forest Grade School. 
Gold Hill High School Improvement League; by J. H. White. 
Arvonia School Betterment League; 4 pp.; by Lelia H. Gillispie. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI— 'Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
232 Military Records in Duplicate. 
Buckingham County Draft Board; Letter; by W. J. Hubard. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Questionnaire; by G. A. Elean. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; Quest.; by Mrs. Julia S. Kyle. 
War Savings Stamps; 1918-19 sales; by G. L. Morries. 
War S. S. Committee Personnel; by J. A. Twyman. 
Personnel of Food Administration. 
Food Production; Narrative; by G. A. Elean. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Junior R. C. Financial Statement; 2 pp.; by O. P. Glover. 
Buckingham County Chapter; History; by Committee. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; Campaign, Nov., 1917; Statement; by C. M. Barrell. 
United War Work; Campaign, 1918; 1 p.; by C. M. Barrell. 
Armenian and Syrian Relief; Campaign; by C. M. Barrell. 
Distribution of Testaments; Statement; by C. M. Barrell. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Andrews, Will; La Maine, France; 2/21/19. 

Letters S'g'd "K. K.," "Knight"; S. of E., Mil'kee; 11/22-28/18. 
"Burns"; Army Candidate's Sch.; 3rd Co.; A. E. F.; 11/24/18. 
"Wiley"; France; 4/17/19. 

Patterson, Capt. G. W., Jr.; Hdq. 4th Army Corps; A. E. F. 
Maxey, T. C; Diary; Co. K, 318 Inf.; 3 pp.; 5/20/18 to 6/6/19. 
Nine Published Soldiers' Letters. 

Sec. XV — Post-War Conditions and Activities. 
Post- War Cond. and Act.; 1 p.; by H. C. Groseclose. 

CAMPBELL COUNTY— Walter Fauntleroy, chrm., AltaVista; S. 
C. Goggin, Rustburg; Mrs. Cuthbert Gilliam, Evington. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 


Hot Creek Church; Questionnaire; by J. A. Scott. 

Four Baptist Churches near Lynchburg; Quest.; by W. S. Royal. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
3 Military Records in Duplicate. 

CAROLINE COUNTY— Capt. C. T. Smith, chrm., Croxton; Will- 
ing Bowie, Bowling Green; Rev. Andrew Broaddus, Sparta. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Sparta, Salem Baptist Church; Quest.; by Andrew Broaddus. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
39 Military Records in Duplicate. 

CARROLL COUNTY— Glen Edwards, chrm., Hillsville; L. E. 
Lindsay, Hillsville; Miss Alma Wilkinson, Woodlawn. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
3 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Blue Ridge Chapter; History; by Mrs. Lida R. Crabill. 
Hillsville Branch; Junior R. C; by Miss Alma Wilkinson. 

CHARLES CITY COUNTY— Dr. R. B. Davis, chrm., Holdcroft; 
Mrs. D. G. Tyler, Holdcroft; W. L. Wilkinson, Tettington. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
2 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Richmond Chapter; Quest.; by Mrs. H. T. Harrison and Mrs. 

D. G. Tyler. 

CHARLOTTE COUNTY — W. S. Morton, chrm., Charlotte C. H.; 
Mrs. J. H. Norvell, Charlotte C. H. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Drakes Branch; Unknown Church; Quest.; by H. C. Garrett. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
28 Military Records (single copies). 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Charlotte County Chapter; History; by Mrs. S. C. Daniel. 

CHESTERFIELD COUNTY— Mrs. A. J. Hurt, chrm., Chester; 
Capt. W. W. Baker, Hallsboro; Miss Lula Powell, Midlothian. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
History of Chesterfield County; 11 pp.; by W. W. Baker. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in War Time. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
36 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VDZ — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Econ. Cond. During the War; by J. B. Watkins. 


Liberty Loan Subscriptions; by W. W. Baker. 

Food Conservation in the Home; 3 pp.; by Mrs. R. H. Bruce. 
Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

E. Chesterfield Branch; Hist.; 6 pp.; by Mrs. T. S. Wheelwright. 
Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

Bon Air War Relief Work; 2 pp.; by Mrs. W. C. Bullington. 
Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 

"From Rookies to Veterans via the A. E. P."; diary in verse; 

"To a Fallen Comrade"; "Over the Top, Oct. 4, 1918"; un- 
signed poems. 

CLARKE COUNTY — Mrs. Hugh Nelson, chrm., Millwood; Miss 
Betty Bradford, Boyce; Miss Mary Page, Boyce. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Cunning Chapel Parish; Questionnaire. 

Berryville M. E. Church; Report; 3 pp.; by W. H. Ballinger. 
Churches of Clarke County; 1 pp.; by Malcolm S. Taylor. 
Millwood Prot. Epis. Church; Quest.; by B. D. Chambers. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organisations. 
69 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIDT — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; Quest.; by Mrs. C. J. Smith. 
Food Prod., Quest.; by Maria C. Richardson. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Clarke County Chapter; Hist, and Quest.; by Mrs. Henry Gilpin. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Work and Relief Organ.; 2 pp.; includes negro War Work. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Williams, Capt. L. W., 51 Co., 6th Reg., U. S. M. C. G.; clipping. 

Sec. XV — Post-War Conditions and Activities. 
Story of Post-War Conditions in Clarke County; 1 p. 

CRAIG COUNTY — A. J. Tingler, chrm., Paintbank; Hofford 
Barger, New Castle. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
New Castle Branch; Quest, and Hist.; by Mrs. J. H. Baker. 

CTJLPEPER COUNTY — Miss Adella Yowell, chrm., Culpeper; Dr. 
E. W. Winfrey, Culpeper; Mrs. Raleigh Green, Culpeper. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Citation of Lt. W. G. Lamon, 4th Eng.; Pers'l Experiences; 3 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Culpeper Baptist Church, Honor Roll. 
Culpeper Churches in the War; 2 pp.; by E. W. Winfrey. 


St. Mark's Parish; narrative; 3 pp.; by K. J. Hammond. 
Methodist Churches and the War; 2 pp.; by James L. Finch. 
Baptist Church; letter and clipping from E. W. Winfrey. 
Presbyterian Church; Questionnaire; by W. Holland. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Report from County Public Schools; by T. W. Hendrick. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
60 Military Records (single copies). 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Correspondance Relative to Ambulance Furnished by County. 
Statement of Second Drive; by S. W. Nottingham. 
Culpeper County Chapter; History; by Miss A. Yowell. 
Surgical Dressings Class; 11 pp.; by Mrs. Frank Smith. 

Sec. Xm — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; Fund of 1918; 1 p.; by S. M. Nottingham, Jr. 
Near East Relief; by E. J. Nottingham, Jr. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Lamon, W. J.; Lettingen, Germany; 12/26/18. 
Bell, Judge Alden; European Press Comments regarding. 
Bywaters, E. F.; 43 Co., U. S. M. C; France — 12/16/18, 
Curtis, Sgt. O. L.; France — 12/29/18. 
Green, Capt. J. W.; Kaiseresch, Ger. — 1/5/19. 
Hooper, Capt. T. W.; 80th Div.; France — 1/15/ — . 
Jacobs, Sgt.. J. T.; Co. F, 115th Inf.; France — 12/6/18. 
Norman, Lt. A. W.; Bat. F, 3 64 F. A.; Nice, France — 12/16/18; 
Aubepierre, France — 12/28/18. 

Payne, A. J.; 2nd Batn., 323rd Inf.; Garaney, France — 12/2 9/18. 
Reams, Everett; France — 1/15/19. 
Stearns, Palmer; France — 12/23/18. 
White, C. D.; Beaune oVte, D'Or, France — 12/11/18. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY — Mrs. Turner Thomas, chrm., Cum- 
berland C. H.; Miss Mary E. Godsey, Cumberland C. H.; Mrs. 
O. G. Flippin, Cumberland C. H. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
117 Military Records in Duplicate. 
2 Nurse's Questionnaires. 

Sec. Vlll — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Food Prod, and Conser.; Quest, and Letter; by H. P. Baker. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Cumberland in Peace and War; 2 pp.; by Florence B. Flippin. 

Sec. Xin — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
No United War Work Organizations. 
War Work Fund; by J. M. Shepherd. 

Sec. XXV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Clipping; Story of Cumberland Men in the War. 


DICKENSON COUNTY — S. H. Sutherland, chrm., Clintwood; 
John W. Flannagan, Jr., Clintwood. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

2 Military Records in Duplicate. 

DINWIDDIE COUNTY— Morton G. Goode, chrm., Dinwiddie; G. 
B. Zehmer, Dinwiddie; Miss Sallie E. Hargrave, Dinwiddie. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
50 People Prominent in Civilian Service; by A. B. Moncure. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
West Dinwiddie Circuit; Questionnaire; by H. H. Smith. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
2 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Food Conservation Drive; Statement. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
United Wlar Work Drive; Statistical Statement. 

ELIZABETH CITY COUNTY — Mrs. G. K. Vanderslice, chrm., 
Phoebus; Mrs. W. W. Richardson, Hampton; Miss Bessie 
Fitchett, Hampton. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Hampton-Phoebus; 3 pp.; by Rev. C. Friend, Rev. E. R. Carter. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
141 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
County Liberty Loan; Statistical; 2 pp. and Quest. 
War Savings Stamps; Statistical; 1 p.; by Mrs. H. G. Parker. 
Food Administrator; Report; 4 p.; by W. S. L. Taliaferro. 
Phoebus; Boy Scouts; Quest, on Troops Nos. 1 and 2. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Fox Hill; narrative; by Mrs. G. I. Johnson. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Eliz. City Co. Chapter; History; by Miss Bessie L. Fitchett. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Camp Community Service; Questionnaire. 
Amer. Library Assn.; Report; 1 p.; by Mrs. H. R. Booker. 
Armenian and Syrian Relief; Quest.; by Mrs. H. L. Schmeltz. 
Dixie Hospital; War Work in; 1 p.; by Elizabeth H. Sclater. 
General Hosp. No. 43; War Work in; 4 pp. 

Hosp. at Ft. Monroe; War Work in; 4 pp.; by Mrs. H. R. Booker. 
Social Clubs near Military Camps; 3 pp.; by Mary G. Darling. 

Sec. XTV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Death of Herbert Smith in France; Letter from R. J. Howard. 

ESSEX COUNTY — James M. Lewis, chrm., Tappahannock; W. 
E. Wright, Tappahannock; Mrs. Chas. A. Warner, Tappahannock. 


Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

History of St. Anne's Parish; 5 pp.; by J. L. Showell. 

FAIRFAX COUNTY — Wilson M. Parr, chrm., Fairfax; Mrs. G. 
L. Stuntz, Vienna. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Falls Church; Dalin Chapel M. E. Church; Questionnaire. 

Norton; Unknown Church; Questionnaire. 

Camp Humphries; Woodlands Bap. Ch.; Quest.; by N. J. Allen. 

Methodist Epis. Church; list; by B. L. Parratt. 

Falls Church; Columbia Bap. Ch.; Report; 14 pp.; by C. H. Love. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
87 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Fairfax County Chapter; History; by Mrs. Mary M. North. 
Fairfax County Chapter; History; by Miss Jennie W. Moore. 
Falls Church Chapter; History; by Mrs. S. A. Bethune. 
Falls Church Chapter; Questionnaire; by S. A. Rowther. 

Sec. Xin — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Fairfax County War Aid; Report; 3 pp.; by Mrs. S. C. Stuntz. 

FAUQUIER COUNTY — Mrs. W. C. Marshall, chrm., Warrentonr 
Miss Meta Gaskins, Warrenton; H. G. Groome, Warrenton. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Payne, Judge John Barton; Clipping; by Sarah T. Marshall; 

Story of the Life of; by W. C. Marshall. 
Harrison, Fairfax; Clipping; by Meta Gaskins. 
Crosby, Oscar Terry; Clipping; by Sarah T. Marshall; Life and 

Work of; by Miss L. M. Bouligney. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
General Resume on Pre-War Conditions; 3 pp.; by Meta Gaskins. 

Sec. VI — Draft Daw and Virginia Organizations. 
95 (White) Military Records (Single copies). 
35 (Colored) Military Records (Single copies). 
Contrib. of Fau. Co. to Med. Dept.; 2 pp.; by Col. F. A. Winter. 
Fauquier County Draft Board; 2 pp.; by F. B. Gaskins. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loans; Questionnaire; by C. E. Tiffany. 
Natl. Lib. Loan Com.; (Woman's); by Mrs. W. C. Marshall. 
Food Administration; narrative; 6 pp.; by H. C. Groome. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time, 
Newspaper Clipping History of Fauquier County; 64 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Piedmont Chap.; Women's Work and Ques.; by Mrs. D. H. Meade. 
Warrenton Chapter; History; by A. R. C. Hist. Committee. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; War Drives; 2 pp.; by R. A. Mclntyre. 
United War Work Report; by R. A. Mclntyre. 


Woman's Organizations (other than R. C); 32 pp. 
Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 

Henson, Pvt. K. B.; 827 Aero Squad; France; 1/19/19-3/10/19- 

5/6/19-2/9/19-5/11/19; Personal Hist, in Verse; 7 pp. 

Henry, W. W.; Broad Run, Va.; letters to Belgium soldiers on 

the front; 8/3/18-10/12/18-11/6/18-11/12/18-12/2/18. 

Van Turnhout, Gustave, Belgian Army at the front, in French; 

letters; 11/35-9-11-15-17-19-21-21-28-29/17 ; 12/6-8-10-12-21-24- 

26-27-29-31/17; 1/4-19/18; 2/2/18; 4/10-12-16-20-26-27-28/18; 

5/9-11/18; 6/23-27/18; 7/6-8/18; 9/14-21/18; 11/1/18. Cards- 

lettres; 10/5-8-10/18. Cards; 5/8-9/18; 7/21-22/18; 8/20- 

21/18; 9/14/18; 3 souvenir cards. 

Ashby, Sgt. E. H.; Tours, France; 11/13/18-10/10/18. 

Ash, Pvt. W. R.; Camp Lee; 7/11, 7/31, '9/22, 11/13, 12/17, 1918. 

Rouse, Pvt. W. A.; St. Nazaire, France; 6/19/19. 

Spilman, Pvt. B. D.; France; 7/26/18; one undated. 

Bartenstein, Lt. U. G.; Co. B, 116th Inf.; Brest; 11/1/18. 

Willis. Pvt. N. L.; France; 9/15/18. 

Fifield, Pvt. R. A.; 26th Div.; France; 9/22/18. 

McConchie, Pvt. E. S.; 29th Div.; France; 11/16/18. 

Maphis, Sgt. E. C; France; 9/10/17. 

Withers, Corp. P. W.; France; 10/23/18-12/1/18. 

Fuvell, Pvt. E. F.; A. E. F.; 6/17/18. 

Taylor, Lt. C. F.; Co. B, 116th Inf.; Camp McClellan; 1/20/18- 

5/29/18; A. E. F.; 12/22, 12/25, 10/31, 11/2, 11/26, 9/1, 1918. 

Filtcher, Pvt. Walter; Camp Lee, 8/11/18; France; 11/16/18; 

Camp Merritt, 1/26/19. 

Three postcards from France sent to F. E. Bowman. 

Sec. XV — Post- War Conditions and Activities. 
General Narrative; 4 pp.; by Meta Gaskins. 

FLOYD COUNTY — I. L. Epperly, chrm., Floyd; Miss Jessie Pet- 
erman, Floyd; Miss Susie Hurt, Copper Hill. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Christian Church; Questionnaire; by J. H. Finney. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
13 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VTII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Committee; Quest.; by Mrs. M. L. Dalton. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Floyd County Chapter; Questionnaire. 

FLUVANNA COUNTY — J. O. Shepherd, chrm.. Palmyra; F. W. 
Sprague, Palmyra; Miss Vera Pettit, Palmyra. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 


12 Military Records in Duplicate. 
Five Clippings Regarding Drafted Men. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Fluvanna County Chapter; History; by History Committee. 
Two Clippings Regarding Red Cross Work. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Clements, Grover; Clipping; "Grover Bags German." 
"Rosser Johnson in Thick of Fighting"; Clipping. 
Bell, J. B., Jr.; A. E. F.; 4/4/19. / 

Beal, E. W.; Clipping Announcing Death of. 

Sec. XV — Post-War Conditions and Activities. 
Clipping; Story of Reception to Returned Men. 

FRANKLIN COUNTY — Mrs. Willis Wade, chrm., Rocky Mount; 
Mrs. C. J. Shoaf, Rocky Mount; Mrs. W. C. Menefee, Rocky 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Rocky Mount; Scott Mem. M. E. Church; Quest.; by C. A. Tucker. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan; Questionnaire; by N. P. Aingle. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Franklin Co. Chapter; Hist, and Quest.; by Mrs. E. W. Saunders. 

FREDERICK COUNTY — Phillip Williams, chrm., Winchester. 
Mrs. Alfred Wright, Clearbrook; P. H. Gold, Winchester. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Narrative; 3 pp.; by Mrs. W. McC. Bond. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Review of Part Played by Public Schools; 2 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
13 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Frederick County Chapter; Report; 9 pp.; by Mrs. W. M. Bond. 

Sec. XV — Post-War Conditions and Activities. 
Desoription of Activities; 2 pp. 

GILES COUNTY — Mrs. Frances E. Miller, chrm., Pearisburg; 
F. S. Snidow, Pearisburg; Judge Bernard Mason, Pearisburg. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records; 451 single copies; 21 in duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Giles County Chapter; History; by Mrs. J. A. Vaughn. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY — Rev. R. A. Folkes, Gloucester; B. B. 
Roane, Gloucester. 


Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Social Conditions Prior to the War; 1 p.; by J. T. Perrin. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Union Baptist Church; Report; 8 pp.; by C. W. Hudson. 
Naxera; Severn Pres. Church; Quest.; by T. B. Ruff. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
70 Military Records (single copies). 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Gloucester County's Part in the War; 6 pp.; by J. T. Perrin. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Gloucester County Chapter; History; by Mrs. B. B. Roane. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Gloucester Woman's Club; Narrative; 2 pp.; by Nina T. Sanders. 
Nat. League for Woman's Ser. ; 3 pp.; by Nina T. Sanders. 

GOOCHLAND COUNTY — Mrs. B. S. Johnson, chrm., Richmond; 
Mrs. J. C. Hobson, Pemberton; Mrs. H. G. Buchanan, Vinita. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Foreword; 2 pp.; by M. K. Lawrence. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Incidents of Draft; 3 pp.; by Mrs. O. B. Taylor. 
110 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; Quest.; by Mrs. L. R. Barras. 
Food Administration; Letter; by J. T. Rutherford. 
Boy Scouts; Questionnaires; by M. H. Omohundro. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Goochland Chapter; Quest, and Treas. Rpt. ; by H. G. Buchanan. 
Goochland County Chapter; History; by Mrs. Bradley S. Johnson. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Amer. Library Assn.; Report; 1 p.; by Mrs. Bradley Johnson. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Bowles, James M.; 1/25/18. 
Bowles, S. K.; A. E. F.; 5/12/18-18/11/18. 
Hobson, B.; and; Hosp. 45; Toul, France; 12/9/18-12/2/18. 
Hobson, Lt. R. C; Camp Lee; Undated. 
Henley, A. B.; A. E. F.; 11/28/18-12/14/18. 

Lawrence, G. M.; 36 Co., O. R. S. D.; A. E. F.; 3/18/19; Diary; 
5/13/18 to 7/24/19; 12 pp. 

GRAYSON COUNTY — J. M. Pearson, chrm., Independence; Miss 
Virginia Delp, Elk Creek; Miss Rose Cox, Independence. 

GREENE COUNTY— J. S. Chapman, chrm., Stanardsville; R. C. 
Powell, Stanardsville. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Dyke, Blue Ridge Indus. School; 4 pp.; by Evelyn Morris. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record in Duplicate. / 


Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Greene County Chapter; Questionnaire; by Mrs. L. E. Moyers. 

GREENESVELLE COUNTY — Mrs. W. B. Goodwyn, Emporia; E. 
Peyton Turner, Emporia; Dr. H. B. Mahood, Emporia. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

4 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. Vm — Economic and Social Conditions, 
lib. Bond and Sav. Stamps; Statement; by Mrs. E. E. Goodwyn. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Greensville County Chapter; Hist.; 4 pp.; Mrs. W. B. Goodwyn. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
United War Work; Statement; by Mrs. E. E. Goodwyn. 
Emporia Br., Nat. L. for Worn. Ser.; 2 pp.; Mrs. E. E. Goodwyn. 

HAMFAX COUNTY — C. B. Lacy, chrm., South Boston; C. B. 
Gibson, Clover; Mrs. T. C. Watkins, Jr., South Boston. 

Sec. in — Virginia Chnrches in War Time. 

South Boston, Main St. M. E. Ch.; report; by J. T. Allen. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

6 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 

Boy Scouts; Questionnaire; by R. B. East. 

HANOVER COUNTY — J. W. Hall, chrm., Ashland; Miss Mary 
C. Wilkie, Beaver Dam; G. E. Haw, Hanover C. H. 

Sec. II — Pre- War Conditions and Activities. 
Narrative report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. Roswell Page. 

Sec. in — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Berea, Baptist Church; Quest.; by T. N. Moody. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Randolph-Macon College; History; 17 pp.; by Prof. E. W. Bowen. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

5 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Red Cross Report; 2 pp. 

HENRICO COUNTY — Rev. E. E. Osgood, chrm., Brookhill; Geo. 
Stoneman, Richmond. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 

Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draf t Law and Virginia Organizations. 
12 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Glen Allen Aux.; Statistical; lp.; by Mrs. E. G. Noplins. 
Ft. Harrison Aux.; Statistical; 1 p. 


Ridge R. C. Aux.; letter; 1 p.; by Miss Florence Badenoch. 
New Bridge Church Aux.; Statistical; 1 p.; by Elsie A. Makely. 

HENRY COUNTY — T. G. Burch, chrm., Martinsville; Mrs. Har- 
don Harrison, Axton. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

4 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. Xn — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Henry County Chapter; Quest.; by Miss Cecil Witten. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Narrative of County Activities; 2 pp.; by Mrs. D. E. H. Hariston. 

HIGHLAND COUNTY — G. Lee Chew, chrm., Staunton; Miss Eva 
Eakle, Monterey; Miss Josephine Bradshaw, McDowell. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
List of Drafted Men. 
127 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. Vm — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan; Questionnaire; by A. L. Jones. 

ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY — A. S. Johnson, chrm., Isle of Wight. 
Rev. T. S. Dunaway, Isle of Wight; Mrs. P. D. Deans, Windsor. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Smithfield Bapt. Church; report; 4 pp.; by T. S. Dunaway. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

5 Military Records in Duplicate. 

JAMES CITY COUNTY — Warren Marston, chrm., Toano. 
A. C. Cooper, Toano; J. C. Carlton, Toano. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
James City Chapter; History; by History Committee. 

Sec. XTV— "War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Jennings, N. N.; story of service and death; 6 pp.; 7/31/18. 

KING AND QUEEN COUNTY — Mrs. H .1. Dudley, Elson; G. C. 
Bland, Shacklefords. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Shepherds Church; Quest.; by F. R. Holland. 
Honor Rolls from: Jerusalem Colored Baptist Church; First 
Baptist Church, Hockley; New Hope M. E. Church; Lower King 
and Queen; Mt. Olive Baptist Church; St. Stephens Church; 
Upper King and Queen Baptist Church; Mt. Olive Colored Bap- 
tist Church; Etol Baptist Church; Binnington Baptist Church. 

Sec. Xn — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
County Chapter; History; by Archie G. Ryland. 



KING WILLIAM COUNTY — H. I. Lewis, chrm., West Point; Mrs. 
Bradley Bray, Wakeman. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 

Reports from County Public Schools. 

LANCASTER COUNTY — Mrs. E. A. Poole, chrm.; Bertrand; Mrs. 
J. O. Dameron, Weems; Mrs. L. D. Cottingham, Brook Vale. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Kilmarnock, Grace Church; list of War Workers; 1 p. 
Christ's Church Parish; General Report; 3 pp. 
Lancaster, Episcopal Church; ser. rec; 3 pp.; by L. R. Combs. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
118 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Committee; Quest.; by G. S. Gresham. 

LEE COUNTY — W. A. Wygal, Jonesville. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organisations. 
22 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Lee County Chapter; History; by B. M. Robinette. 

LOUDOUN COUNTY — Mrs. D. C. Sands, Middleburg. 
Sec. n — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Pre- War Conditions; 2 pp. 

Sec. HI — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Collective Narrative; 13 pp.; by Elizabeth Worsley. 
Leesburg, St. James Epis. Ch.; list of service men. 
Baptist Church; list of service men. 
Sterling, unsigned Questionnaire. 
Program of religious-patriotic ser.; 4/21/18. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record in Duplicate. 
18 individual service records. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Loudoun Co. Chapter; Narrative; 2 pp.; 
History of all branches; by Mrs. Arthur Chichester. 

Sec. XTV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Adams, Harry; incident on "Pres. Lincoln". 
Edwards, Lt. A. C; letter. 
Goodwin, C. H.; Post Card; 2/9/19. 
Singleton, Ann; Gen. Hdq.; France — 11/23/18. 
Varney, F. B.; France — 1/16/18. 

Specimen receipt for payment for Testaments for soldiers. 
"Kahki" Choir at St. Paul's Epis.; clipping. 
Photographs of 305th Engineers. 


LOUISA COUNTY— R. C. Hart, chrm., Pendleton; J. H. Quisen- 

berry, Frederick Hall; Mrs. S. M. Coleman, Poindexter. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Cuckoo, Gibbon Christian Church; report; by Eugene Pendleton. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

166 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 

"C. H. R." — 10/16/18. 

Willis, W. R.; War Risk Ins.; A. E. F. — 4/7/18. 

Unsigned letters; France — 9/8/18; 8/15/18; 7/12/18; 7/29/18; 

10/15/18; 9/10/18; 8/4/18; 7/2/18; 6/30/18; 11/20/18. 

LUNENBURG COUNTY — N. S. Turnbull, chrm., Victoria. 
Mrs. Bruce Clarke, Victoria; Mr. Wilkinson, Kenbridge. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Cumberland Parish; 3 Churches; by H. H. Young. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
32 Military Records — single copies. 

Sec. XII— The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Victoria Chapter; Questionnaire; by Mrs. C. E. Waltman. 

MADISON COUNTY — R. F. Hill, chrm., Locust Dale; Mrs. R. W. 
Clore, Criglersville; Miss Frances Hay, Madison. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Local Civilian Roll of Honor. 
(County Claims no names on State Honor Roll.) 
Note of service of Lt. Geo. C. Reedy. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Brightwood, unknown church; Quest.; by T. W. Somerville. 
Woodberry Forest School; Report of Activities; 1 p. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record (duplicate). 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Questionnaire; by S. R. Thrift. 
War Savings Stamps; Report; 1 p. 
Narrative on Food Production; 2 pp. 
Food Prod, etc.; Questionnaire; by D. J. Crigler. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Madison County in the World War; 4 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Madison County Chapter; Quest.; by Mrs. B. W. Clore. 

Sec. Xni — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Work in Madison County; 2 pp.; by Lucette B. Hill. 
Y. M. C. A.; Questionnaire; by Lucette B. Hill. 
Y. M. C. A.; Letters, etc., relative to drive; 
No Organ, of W. C. C. S.— A. L. A. — K. of C. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions. 
Description of Conditions; 1 p.; by Mary Taylor. 


MATHEWS COUNTY — W. M. Minter, chrm., Mathews; W. B. 
Smith, Mathews; Mrs. Rose Haskins, Mathews. 
Sec. HI — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Port Haywood, St. Paul's M. E. Ch.; Quest.; by R. L. Fruit. 
Hicks Wharf, Buelah M. E. Ch.; Quest.; by R. L. Fruit. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 1 in Duplicate; 88 single copies. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Mathews Co. Chapter; History; 7 pp.; by Bertha B. W. Foster. 

MECKLENBURG COUNTY — W. D. Blanks, chrm., Clarksville; 
J. E. Barnes, Chase City; H. F. Hutcheson, Boydton. 

Sec. HI — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Boydton, M. E. Church; Report; 3 pp.; by Asa Driscoll. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Record — 15 in Duplicate; 18 single copies. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Mecklenburg County Chapter; History; by Mrs. R. L. Jeffreys. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY — Lewis Jones, chrm., Urbanna; Mrs. N. 
C. Mercer, Urbanna; C. R. Tomlinson, Urbanna. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Middlesex County Chapter; History; by Mrs. A. C. Palmer. 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY — Dr. C. W. Newman, Blacksburg; Miss 
Florence Baird, Christiansburg. 

Sec. HI — Virginia Churches in the War. 
Blacksburg, Luther Mem. Ch.; Quest.; by J. A. Brosins. 
Riner, Auburn M. E. Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Virginia Polytechnic Inst.; History; 81 pp.; by H. H. Hill. 
Christiansburg Industrial School; Report; 1 p. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
20 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Blacksburg Chapter; History; by C. M. Newman. 
Blacksburg Chap.; Junior R. C. Report; by Miss Emma Yerby. 

NANSEMOND COUNTY— G. E. Bunting, chrm., Suffolk; C. E. 
Byrd, Holland; C. R. Fulgham, Suffolk. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
23 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Nansemond Co., Driver Branch; History; 4 pp. 


NELSON COUNTY — Dr. F. M. Horsley, chrm., Lovingston. 
Miss Mary Whitehead, Lovingston; L. G. Tucker, Lovingston. 

Sec. in — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Schuyler, Questionnaire; by J. A. Rice. 
Norwood, Christ's Church; Quest.; by Frank Mezick. 
Arrington, Trinity Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
11 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Nelson County Chapter; Hist, and Quest.; by Mrs. J. T. Brown. 

NEW KENT — Sec. IV — Va. Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

NORFOLK COUNTY — Mrs. T. P. Thompson, chrm., Lockhaven; 
Dr. J. W. Buchanan, Norfolk; J. S. Lawrence, Churchland. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
234 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Statistics; 1 p. 
War Savings Stamps Statement; 1 p. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Larchmont, Tanner's Creek Jr. Aux.; 3 pp.; by Edna Bellamy. 
Membership Tanner's Creek Jr. Aux.; 1 p.; by A. G. Smith. 
Tanner's Creek Aux.; History; 4 pp. 
Naval Base Workers; report; 1 p.; by Emily S. Macklin. 
Chesterfield Hgts. and Riverside Aux. 1 p. 
Edgewater Aux.; 1 p. 
Ocean View Aux.; 1 p. 

Winona, Ballentine Place, Fairmount Park, Aux.; 1 p. 
Ingleside Aux.; 1 p. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
United War Work; financial statement; 3 pp. 
Woman's League of Ocean View and Willoughby Beach; 1 p. 
Welfare Work in Larchmont; 1 p. 
Social Service, Lochhaven and Larchmont Dist.; 1 p. 
Kings Daughters, Larchmont; financial statement. 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY — Mrs. W. B. Fitzhugh, chrm., Machi- 
pongo; J. E. Nottingham. Jr., Franktown; Mrs. R. A. McGuire, 
Cape Charles. 

Sec. m — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Cape Charles, St. Charles Chmrch; Quest.; by E. Mickle. 
Cape Charles, Emanual. Ch.; Quest.; by J. R. McAllister. 
Cape Charles, Baptist Ch.; Quest, and letter; by J. M. Dunaway. 
Cape Charles, Centenary M. E. Ch.; Quest.; by A. P. Williams. 


Cape Charles, Presbyterian Ch.; Quest.; by J. S. Montgomery. 
Cheriton, M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by R. O. Payne. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 47 in Duplicate — 11 single copies. 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY — H. G. Blundon, chrm., Reeds- 
ville; Mrs. A. M. Douglas, Callao. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
2 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Northumberland Co. Chapter; Quest.; by Mrs. C. H. Walker. 

NOTTOWAY COUNTY— W. R. Jones, chrm., Blackstone; W. W. 
Cobb, Blackstone; Miss Emma C. Lambert, Blackstone. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Blackstone College; letter; 1 p. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Final Roster; 240 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Nottoway County Chapter; History; 9 pp.; by C. O. Tuttle. . 

ORANGE COUNTY — E. F. Golson, chrm., Somerset; Geo. Brown- 
ing, Orange; J. W. Browning, Orange. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
4 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Orange County Chapter; Quest.; by History Committee. 

PAGE COUNTY — Mrs. S. E. Long, chrm., Shenandoah; Owen 
Strickler, Shenandoah. 

Sec. m — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Luray, M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by F. C. Hawks. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
14 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. Vlll — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Economic and Social Cond.; 5 pp.; by W. C. Lauck. 
Boy Scouts; Questionnaire; by G. M. Ruyd. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Page County Chapter; Questionnaire. 
Junior R. C. of Page Co.; report; 3 pp.; by J. H. Booten. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; Questionnaire; by G. M. Keezle. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
87 clippings. 


Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

2 Military Records in Duplicate. 


PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY — Mrs. N. E. Clement, chrm., Chatham; 
C. W. Warren, Chatham; Mrs. Lanier Carter, Chatham. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
139 Military Records — single copies. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Chatham Chapter; History; by J. H. Whitehead. 

POWHATAN COUNTY — Mrs. R. D. Tucker, chrm., Powhatan; 
Dr. E. L. Tompkins, Pine Creek Mills; Miss Carolyn Pickrell, 
Pine Creek Mills. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Narrative of Pre-War Conditions; 1 p. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 46 single copies — 1 in Duplicate. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. W. C. A.; Questionnaire. 

PRINCE EDWARD — Mrs. J. L. Jarman, chrm., Farmville; Mrs. 
Roberta H. Large, Farmville; D. W. Paulett, Farmville. 

Sec. HI — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Prospect, Prospect Church; list of service men; by J. M. Moser. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Hampden-Sidney College; 40 pp.; by Prof. W. H. Whiting. 
Hampden-Sidney Bulletin; Vol. XV, No. 3, Nov. 1920. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
19 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Prince Edward Co. Chapter; History; by R. K. Brock. 

PRINCE GEORGE COUNTY — Miss Belle Webb, chrm., Prince 
George; Mrs. J. H. Pulliam, Prince George; J. T. Shands, Carson. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Smith, Capt. H. J.; Commendations on Service. 

Sec. II — Pre War Conditions and Activities. 
History of Prince George County, 9 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Rosewood Union Church; report; 3 p. 

New Bohemia, Sacred Heart Of Jesus Ch.; 3 rec; by Yes Hen. 
Dlsputanta, Trinity M. E. Church; Puest.; by L. J. Phaup. 
Mt. Sinai Methodist Church; 3 ser. rec; by L. J. Phaup. 
Gary's M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by L. J. Phaup. 
Gray's M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by L. J. Phaup. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 7 6 in Duplicate — 4 single copies. 
List of Drafted Men. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
General Resume; 1 p.; by Joseph Wood. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Mathews, Paul; Champagne, France — 12/7/18. 


Prince, Corp.; "Wounded Yank Reveals Red Russia's Horrors." 

Smith, Capt. H. L., Jr.; Germany — 12/9, 12/22, 12/25, 1918 — 

Experience Report — Report on Monument Work, Eggers, Ger.; 


Welsh, W. B.; 318th Inf., 80th Div.; Story of Service; 6 pp. 

Wood, Jordan, 54th Inf.; France — 12/11/18, 12/14/18/, 4/10/19. 

"Wounded Heroes from France"; 3 pp. 

"Battles of 80th Fought by hoys from Va. and Penn."; 10 pp. 

"Wounded Men from Camp Lee are on Way Back"; 3 pp. 

"Make Y Homelike for Wounded Boys"; 2 pp. 

Epitome of Operations of 80th Div.; 1 p. 

PRINCE WILLIAM COUNTY — Rev. A. S. Gibson, chrm., Man- 
assas; Miss Mary Larkin, Manassas; G. R. Ratcliff, Manassas. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Keyser, Maj. R. S.; Ordre de la Couronne, decoration — 2/12/19. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Manassas, Baptist Church; report; 2 pp.; by T. D. D. Clark. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records; 4 single copies; 5 in duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Prince William Co. Chapter; Hist.; 5 pp.; by Miss Mary Larkin. 

PRINCESS ANNE COUNTY — Mrs. W. F. Wilbur, chrm., Prin- 
cess Anne; Mrs. R. J. Alfriend, Princess Anne; Mrs. G. W. Brat- 
ten, Princess Anne. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Historical Sketch of Princess Anne County; 3 pp. 
Resume of Resources and Natural Advantages of County; 1 p. 
Virginia Beach; Pre War Cond. and Act.; 4 pp. 

Sec. in — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Churches of Princess Anne; 6 Churches; 3 pp.; by W. B. Duling. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Kempsville Home Guard; History; 2 pp. 
Military Records; 6 single copies — 81 in Duplicate. 
1 Nurse record in duplicate. 

Sec. VTH — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan; Statistics; 1 p.; by G. W. Bratten. 
Liberty Loan; Questionnaire; by R. H. Gordon. 
Liberty Loan; report on 5th L. L. Drive; Woman's Committee. 
War Savings Stamps; report; 1 p.; by J. Woodhouse. 
Food Production; report; 2 pp. 

Special Work done in 1918 by County Agt.; 1 p.; by H. W. Ozlin. 
Victory Boys and Girls; 1 p. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Princess Anne County in the War; 3 pp. 


Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

List of workers; 15 pp. 

Prin. Anne Co. Chap.; Quest, and Statist.; 1 p.; by Alice Scaff. 

Princess Anne County Chapter; History. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; Questionnaire. 
Y. W. C. A.; report; 1 p. 
American Library Assn.; Questionnaire. 
War Camp Community Service; Quest, and report; 1 p. 
Belgian Relief Work; Statistical report; 1 p. 
Armenian Relief; Questionnaire. 

Welfare and Relief Organizations; collective report; 3 pp. 
War Work at Virginia Beach; 5 pp. 
War Work at Lynnhaven; Report; 1 p. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Washburn, Paul de B.; Building Sec. Rifle Range Y; 11/9/18. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Woman's Aux., Amer. Legion, Post No. 51; report; 1 p. 

PULASKI COUNTY — T. M. Painter, chrm., Pulaski; J. S. Draper, 

Pulaski; E. L. Darst, Pulaski. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Pulaski, Christ's Epis. Chu.; Quest.; by T. F. Opie. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
20 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Pulaski County Chapter; History and Questionnaire. 

RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY— Mrs. F. H. Cary, chrm., Flint Hill; 
Miss Mamie Eastham, Flint Hill; G. W. Settle, Flint Hill. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

7 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 

Rappahannock Co. Chapter; Quest.; by Mrs. F. H. Cary. 

RICHMOND COUNTY— W. T. Tyler, chrm., Warsaw; Miss Es- 
telle Tayloe, Warsaw; Mrs. A. V. Payne, Farnham. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
History of Richmond County Chapter; 2 pp.; by Estelle Tayloe. 

Sec. XDII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Statistical statement of Co. Work; 1 p.; by Mrs. T. B. Wellford. 

ROANOKE COUNTY — C. D. Denit, chrm., Salem; Mrs. W. F. 
Moorehead, Salem; O. L. Stearnes, Salem. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches ni War Time. 
Roanoke Circuit M. E. Church; Quest.; by C. M. LeFew. 
Salem, M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by W. O. Talbert. 

See. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 


Roanoke College; History; 16 pp.; by Prof. C. R. Brown. 
Hollins College; Summary; 4 pp.; by Miss Mary Stuart. 
Elizabeth College; Summary; 2 pp.; by Mrs. W. F. Morehead. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Salem Chapter; History; by Miss Margaret Stearnes. 

ROCKBRIDGE COUNTY — Mrs. E. W. McCorkle, chrm., Lex- 
ington; Miss Evelyn Davis, Rockbridge Baths; Rev. C. Gibson, 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Virginia Military Institute; list of ser. men; by Col. Anderson. 
Washington and Lee University; Ambulance Sec; 6 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
22 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Rockbridge Co. Chapter; report; 7 pp.; Mrs. M. M. Mills. 
Goshen Branch; letter regarding canned goods sent Richmond. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Ruff, Chief Mech. W. L.; 111th P. A. — In Memorium. 
Wilson, T. P. — undated letter. 
"Outside Ideas of Army Matters"; 6 pp. 

ROCKINGHAM COUNTY — J. K. Ruebush, chrm., Dayton; Miss 
Kate Pennypacker, Linville Depot; Capt. R. Keezle, Keezletown. 

Sec. II — Pre War Conditions and Activities. 
Narrative Consideration; 2 pp.; by Russell L. Stultz. 
Pre War Cond. and Act.; 13 pp.; by Russell L. Stultz. 

Sec. in — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Bridgewater, M. E. Church; letter; 1 p.; by R. L. Entsler. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
14 Military Records in Dupilcate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan; Report; 14 pp.; by T. N. Haas. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Quest.; by Miss Jennie Davis. 
Report of Food Administration; 3 pp.; J. C. Johnston. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Rockingham's Contributions; 9 pp.; by Genow Sweeker. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Rockingham Co. Chapter; History; by History Committee. 

RUSSELL COUNTY — S. B. Quillen, chrm., Lebanon; A. G. Live- 
ly, Honaker; J. W. Stuart, Honaker. 

Sec. m — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Castlewood, M. E. Church; Rep.; 3 pp.; by J. M. Paxton. 
Elway, Elk Garden M. E. Church; Questionnaire. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 


Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

9 Military Records in Duplicate. 

SCOTT COUNTY — J. H. Peters, chrm., Gate City; R. M. Adding- 
ton, Maces Springs; Dr. N. W. Stallard, Dungannon. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
4 Military Records in Duplicate. 

SHENANDOAH COUNTY — C. V. Shoemaker, chrm., Woodstock; 
Mrs. H. H. Ramey, Strasburg; Mrs. M. E. White, Strasburg. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Patmos and Mt. Zion Charge; ser. rec; by O. D. Propst. 
Mt. Jackson Charge; Questionnaire; by M. D. Elmore. 
Mill Creek Charge Reformed Ch.; collective 4 Churches; 8 pp. 
Maurertown, Brethren Church; Quest.; by E. B. Shaves. 
Mt. Jackson, Lutheran Pastorate; by P. L. Rogers. 
Edinburg, Christian Church; report; 1 p.; by Jas. Hopkins. 
The Brethren Church; letter; by Geo. A. Copp. 
Flat Rock Ch. of the Brethren letter; by D. P. Wise. 

Sec. VI — -Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Story of the Draft; 10 pp. 
280 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Shenandoah Co. Chapter; Quest.; by Miss Nan Williams. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters and Diaries. 
Allen, Pvt. William, London, Eng.; letter; 3/27/19. 
Borum, Candidate C. J., A. E. F.; Letter; 8/18/18-8/19/18. 
Brill, Corp. Guy C; 38th Inf.; France; 12/2/18. 
Baker, Will, Mount Richard, France; Letter; 12//2 9/18. 
Blanchfield, C. A.; Coblenz, Ger.; Letter; 4/8/19. 
Burchfield, J. C, A. E. F.; Leter; 1/9/19. 
Coffman, Pvt. J. F., A. E. F.; Letter; 12/21/18. 
Conrad, Pvt. Stanley Raymon; 79th Prov. Co., France; Letter; 

Campbell, J. Cletus, 318th Inf., France; Letter; 11/17/18. 
Campbell, Fred. J., A. R. C, France; 11/22/18. 
Clinedjrst, Corp. Walter, A. E. F.; Letter 3/6/19. 
Drummond, Pvt. Ashby, 317th Inf., France; 1/16/19-9/17/18. 
Davison, R. B., A. E. F. ; Letter; 8/8/18. 
Dellinger, Aden M., A. E. F., Toul, France; Letter; 1/26/19. 
Deven, Frank E., 15th Cavalry, France; Letter; 10/24/18. 
Dirting, J. L., Longres, France (undated). 

Fisher, Robert C, Cligancour Bar., Paris, Fr.; letter; 3/21/19. 
French, Warren, Camp Merritt, N. J.; Letter; 5/25/19. 


Goode, Pvt. S. S., 315th Ambulance Co., France; Letter; 9/20/18- 


Godlove, Pvt. Ernest W., A. E. F.; Letter; 12/19/19. 

Hepner, W. S., 26th Inf., A. E. F.; Letter, Sept., 1918; Camp 

Merrit, N. J., 1/28/19. 

Hamman, Pvt. C. F., 72d Engrs., France; Letter; 2/28/19. 

Himelight, Pvt. A. H., 320th Inf., France; 7/27/ — ; 8/16/18. 

Kronk, Pvt. Jessie W., 38th Inf., France; Letter; 7/26/18. 

Kamp, Pvt. Irvan J.; A. P. O. 753; France; Letter; 10/2 6/18. 

Keller, H. L., Nanes, France; Letter; 3/10/19. . 

Link, Corp. Gilbert, A. E. F.; 8/10/18-8/7/18-10/16/18-1/2/19. 

Link, Raymond, A. E. F., 316th Inf.; Letter; 7/26/18. 

Lake, W|agner Arthur P., 318th Inf., A. E. F.; Letter; 12/3/18. 

Mitchell, Capt. C. F., Inf. U. S. A.; Letter; 9/4/18. 

Middleton, Pvt. J. W.; 318th Inf.; Rougemont, France; Letter; 

1/2 0/1 9-1/1 4/1 9-1/13/19. 

Marlow, H. W., 316h Engrs.; France; Letter; 8/22/18. 

Mitchell, Corp. Clarence, 142nd Inf., France; 4/14/19-2/25/19- 


Middleton, Pvt. Esace, 38th Inf., France; Letter; 8/29/18. 

Miller, Pvt. Norman L., Coblenz, Ger.; Letter; 6/2 6/19. 

Mclnturff, Pvt. D. M., 116th Engrs., A. E. F.; 11/5/18-6/2/18. 

Newland, Pvt. Fred, 320th Inf., France; Letter; 3/15/19. 

Orndorff, Sergt. A. L., New York; Letter; 6/1/19. 

Rittenour, Pvt. Fred A., A. E. F.; Letters; 12/8/18-2/16/19- 


Rittenour, Sgt. Wm. F., A. E. L.; Letter; 8/18/18. 

Ritemour, Russell M., A. E. F.; 7/25, 11/17, 12/17/18. 

Rudolph, Pvt. F. L., 118th Engrs., France; Letter (undated). 

Rudolph, Pvt. Leonard, 163rd Inf., A. E. F.; 9/9, 10/27/18. 

Rudolp, Mahlon, Cry, France; Letter; 12/8/18-12/16/18. 

Racey, Corp. J. W., Mch. Gun Section, France; 11/25/18. 

Richard, F. L., U. S. Naval Forces, Europe; Letter; 11/9/18. 

Santmier, Orland Bryan, St. Nazaire, Fr. ; Letter; 3/19/19. 

Snapp, Mech. E. J.; Bordeauy, Fr.; Letter; 4/13/19. 

Sibert, Tressel, A. E. F.; Letter; 4/14/19. 

Snyder, Pvt. O. L., La Pallice, France; Letter; 2/13/19. 

Spencer, U. S., A. E. F.; Leter, Nov., 1918. 

Signed "John"; A. E. F.; Letter; 10/27/ — . 

Signed "Carl"; "At the Front"; Letter; 6/9/18. 

Signed "Buck Private"; Longres, France; Letter; 3/18/19. 

Signed "Fred"; A. E. F., France; Letter; 8/12/18. 

7 Clippings. 

Heslie, O. L.; Paris, France — 5/26/18, 7/5/18, 7/28/18,. 

11/12/18, 12/15/18, 2/10/19, 2/24/19. 

Long, B. M.; Moore Store, Va.; 7/15/20. 


University Farm School, Alerey, Prance; Note on Bragny— 

SMYTH COUNTY — R. T. Greer, Marion; A. T. Lincoln, Marion. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 113 single copies — 7 in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Marion Aux.; History; by Mrs. G. W. Richardson. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

SOUTHAMPTON COUNTY— R. M. Newton, chrm., Franklin: 
Miss Fanny L. Webb, Franklin; H. B. McLemore, Franklin. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI- — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
7 Military Records in Duplicate. 


Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

5 Military Records in Duplicate. 

STAFFORD COUNTY — Mrs. Mark Sullivan, Fredericksburg. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Overwharton Parish; report; 2 pp.; by Joseph Baker. 
Stafford Circuit M. E. Church; report; 1 p.; by G. J. Cooper. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
14 Military Records in Duplicate. 

SURRY COUNTY — A. W. Bohannan, chrm., Surry C. H.; Mrs. 

T. J. Spratley, Surry C. H.; Dr. W. W. Seward, Surry C. H. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

84 Military Records in Duplicate. 
Sec. VHI — Economic and Social Conditions. 

Minutes of mtg. Lib. Loan Co.; 4/5/18; by A. W. Bohannan. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; 2 pp.; by Fanny B. Spratley. 
Agricultural Cond.; 2 pp.; by P. O. Goodrich. 
Merchantile Business; Questionnaire; by T. J. Spratley. 
River Trans, in 1917 and 1918; 1 p.; by Eugene Younglove. 

Sec. XIH — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
United War Work; campaign; 1 p.; by Edward Rogers. 
Y. M. C. A.; campaign report; 1 p.; by Edward Rogers. 
Salvation Army; Home Ser. Fund; 2 pp.; by A. W. Bohannan. 
Armenian and Syrian Relief; Questionnaire. 

Ee'.gian Relief Work; report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. A. W. Bohannan. 
Armenirn and Syrian Relief; Stat.; 2 pp.; by P. O. Goodrich. 
Nat. Leas, for Worn. Ser.; rep.; 3 pp.; by Mrs. A. W. Bohannan. 


Council of Safety; rec. of work; 3 pp.; by Fanny B. Spratley. 
U. D. C; Surry Co. Chapter; 1 p.; by Mrs. A. W. Edwards. 
Surry Union, W. C. T. U.; relief work; 2 pp. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Allen, E. S.; 305th Ammunition Train, Diary — 4/3/18 to 6/9/18, 
"Trip Across and Service in France"; 3 pp. 

Barnes, F. W.; Co. K, 317th Inf.-Diary-8/l/18 to 6/12/19; 7 pp. 
Fuqua, Corp. J. W.; Milay, France — 12/15/20. 
Goodrich, W. B.; 318th Inf.; "Army Life as a Soldier"; 4 pp. 
Green, Corp. L. C; 318th Inf.; "Experience"; 14 pp. 
Hunnicutt, Pvt. J. C; 23rd Inf.; "Army Life"; 4 pp. 
Saunders, B. E.; 116th Inf.; Account of Service; 4 pp. 
Spratley, Pvt. P. W.; Rainbow Div.; 4/5/19, 10/13/18. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Prices of Groceries in 1920; 1 p.; by T. J. Spratley. 

SUSSEX COUNTY — Rev. W. W. Edwards, chrm., Yale; Mrs. T. 
B. Faison, Wakefield; Mrs. Philip Freeman, Stony Creek. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Wakefield, M. E. Church; Quest.; by W. L. Ware. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
8 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Sussex Co. Chapter; History; by the History Committee. 

TAZEWELL COUNTY — Dr. Isaac Pierce, chrm., Tazewell; Mrs. 
S. C. Graham, Tazewell. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
8 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Activities of Women; 4 pp.; by Mrs. S. C. Graham. 

WARREN COUNTY — Miss Margaret Grayson, chrm., Front 
Royal; Miss Leslie Fox, Front Royal; Mrs. H. H. Bowman, 

Sec. m — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Front Royal, M. E. Church; Quest.; by J. H. Smith. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
14 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Warren County Chapter; Quest, and Rept.; by C. M. Jones. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Collective report on Y. M. C. A., K. of C, and Sal. Army; 1 p. 
War Camp Community Service; Questionnaire. 
American Library Assn.; Questionnaire. 
Jewish Welfare; Questionnaire. 
Near East Relief Statement. 
Statement of Belgian Relief. 
Statement of French Orphans. 
Fraternal and Patriotic Organ; statements. 


Statement regarding Munition workers. 
Report on Negro War Work; 1 p. 

WARWICK COUNTY — Mrs. E. C. Madison, chrm., Denbigh; 
Mrs. I. Poindexter, Morrison; Mrs. H. M. Clements, Lee Hall. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Mennonite Ante War Col'y; rept. and let.; 9 pp.; by G. R. Brunk. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
24 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Lib. Loan Com.; Quest.; by Mrs. E. S. Madison. 
Report of Light and Water Co.; Warwick Co.; 1 p. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Warwick County in the War; 2 pp. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Statement regarding United War Work; by Mrs. E. C. Madison. 

WASHINGTON COUNTY — Hon. L. P. Summers, chrm., Abing- 
don; Willis Crabtree, Benhams; Dr. E. C. Hamilton, Abingdon. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in W T ar Time. 
St. Anne's Church; Questionnaire; by F. Meyer. 
Holston, Christian Church; Questionnaire; by C. A. Nunley. 

Sec. XII — -The Red Cross in Virginia. 
A.bingdon Chapter; History; by Mrs. Alex. Stuart. 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY — C. C. Baker, chrm., Montrose. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

3 Military Records in Duplicate. 

WISE COUNTY — Bruce Crawford, chrm., Norton; Mrs. N. F. Hix, 
Wise; Mrs. R. T. Irvine, Big Stone Gap. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
St. Paul, M. E. Church; Questionnaire; by J. M. Paxton. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from County Public Schools. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
27 Military Records in Duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Coeburn Chapter; Questionnaire; by Prof. J. A. Livesay. 

WYTHE COUNTY— J. A. C. Hurt, chrm., Wytheville; Miss Mary 
S. Oglesby, Max Meadows. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records — 6 in Duplicate — 1 single copy. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Wythe County Chapter; Hist, and Quest. 

YORK COUNTY — L. R. O'Hara, chrm., Yorktown; Mrs. Sidney 
Smith, Yorktown; Mrs. G. L. Smith, Tabb. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

3 Military Records in Duplicate. 



Our July 1920 Magazine. 

Just before this delayed number was issued in December our mem- 
bership greatly increased. As a large par,t of the magazine had 
been printed for some time, it was too late to enlarge the edition. 
The consequence was that after our members and subscribers were 
supplied there were very few copies left — so few, that none can be sold 
separately, and only three or four as parts of complete sets of the 

We shall be glad to exchange any two numbers in Vols. X - XX for 
one copy of the July 1920 number. This offer will hold good until 50 
copies of the July 1920 number have been secured. 

WANTED. — Data of the family and the names of the parents of 
William Hill, born 1710-15, married Susanna Smithers, probably in 
Caroline county, Va., as they were living there at the time of birth of 
their son William Hill, Jr., 1737. Address, C. K. Hill, Harriman, 

TABITHA WILSON was the daughter of Solomon Wilson, of 
Norfolk. In 1749 she married William Freeman, in Norfolk. Now 
there were three Solomon Wilson's. One was the son of Lieut-Colonel 
James Wilson. Another was his grandson; that is, the son of Major 
James Wilson. Again: Thomas Wilson, of Princess Anne county, 
had a son Solomon Wilson. Which one of these three Solomon Wil- 
sons was the father of Tabitha Wilson? What was the maiden name 
of Tabitha's mother? Can any other information be furnished? Prof. 
H. T. Weissinger, Birmingham, Ala. 

RICE-HAWKS. — Any information concerning the family of Sarah 
Rice who married John Hawks, the Architect of Governor Tryon's 
palace in Newbern, North Carolina, or of the family of Elizabeth 
Airey who married Richard Nassau Stephens or of the family of 
Elizabeth Pugh Guion of Onslow County, N. C, will be welcomed by 
Edward H. Wales, Union League Club, New York. 


GUMMEY, RICHARD (Gummy, Gumey, Gomey, Gomie, Gumby, 
&c), came to Virginia in 635 at the age of 21 (See Hotten's "Original 
Lists", p. 95). Descendants, collateral relatives, and other persons pos- 
sessing information concerning him, please communicate with Miss 
E. A. Gummey, 104 Cliveden Ave., Germantown, Phila., Pa. 

JANE HOPKINS. — Information wanted. Is she the Jane Hopkins 
who was a secret agent to General Washington? Was she the daugh- 
ter of Col. John Hopkins, of Goochland county Va. ? If not who was 
her father? He was called Col. Hopkins. Did she marry John Stock- 
ard of Maryland? Was she the mother of Wm. Stockard who married 
Mary Thomas Flood of Isle of Wight county, Va., who was a daughter 
of Thomas Flood, and a granddaughter of Major Gale of that county? 
Full particulars will be greatly appreciated. John Shepherd, Univer- 
sity, Va., Box 115. 


1797 Oct. 5th. Thomas Oliver, & Lucy Eastin, by John Young. 
1795 Dec. 20. Elijah Pruett & Elizabeth Williams, by John Sorrell. 

1795 Oct. 20. Joseph E. Payne, & Peggy Pruett, by John Sorrell. 

1796 Sept. 9th. Frederick Pilcher, & Margaret Alsop, by John Sorrell. 

1797 May 23rd. Moses Pruett, & Amey Hall, by John Young. 

1798 Dec. 6th. John Jones, & Nancy Dew, by Theodrick Noele. 
1797 Oct. 1 2th. Elijah Jeter, & Rebecca Martin, by John Sorrell. 

1799 Nov. 16th. Richard Johnston, & Eliza Tribble, by Henry Goodloe. 
1797 Nov. 15th. Joele Kidd & Sally Saunders, by John Sorrell. 

1796 May 7th. Sinion Morgan, & Sarah Claytor, by John Sorrell. 

1797 Feb. 2nd. Willis Mason & Sally Kelly, by John Self. 

1798 Dec. 14th. Joele Mason & Jenny Kelly, by John Self. 

1797 Dec. 22nd. Hickman Mitchell, & Letty Wright, by John Sorrell. 

1798 Nov. 18th. William Martin, & Letty Turner, by John Sorrell. 


Alexander Spotswood His Majesties Lieutenant Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia. 

To all to whom these presents shall come: Greeting. 
Whereas by one act of Assembly made at the Capitol the 23 : day of 
October 1705. for the better settling and peopling this his Majesties 
Colony and Dominion. It is enacted that it shall and may be lawfull 
for the Governor or Commander-in Chief of this Colony and Dominion 


for the time being by a Public Instrument or Letters Patents under the 
broad seal .thereof, to declare any alien or aliens, foreigner or foreigners 
being already settled or inhabitant of this Colony, or which shall here- 
after come to settle, plant or reside therein, upon his or their taking 
the oaths therein prescribed, to be to all intents and purposes fully 
and completely naturalized. And that all persons having such public 
instrument or Letters Patents, shall by virtue of said Act have and 
enjoy to ,them and their heirs the same immunitys and rights of and 
unto the Laws of this Colony, and Dominion as fully and amply as 
any of her Majesties natural born subjects have or enjoy within the 
same, and as if they had been born within any of her Majesties Realms 
and Dominion. Provided that nothing herein contained shall be con- 
strued to enable or give power or privilege to any foreigner ,to do or 
execute any matter or thing, which by any of ye Acts made in Eng- 
land concerning her Majesties Plantation he is disabled to do or 
execute. And Jacob Holtxclow [Holtzclaw] as a native of Nassace- 
Sieger [Nassau-Siegen] in Germany having settled and inhabited for 
several years in .the County of Stafford in this Colony and now made 
application to me for the benefit of Naturalization, and before me taken 
the oaths prescribed by Law and subscribed the test. I do therefore 
pursuant to the said authority hereby declare the said Jacob Holtxclow 
[Holtzclaw] to be to all intent and purpose fully and completely 
naturalized, and to have and enjoy to him and his heirs the same im- 
munitys and rights of and unto the Laws and privileges of the Colony 
and Dominion, as fully and amply as any of his Majesties Natural 
born Subjects have or enjoy within the same, and as if he had been 
born within any of his Majesties Realms or Dominions according to 
the aforesaid Act. Saving always in such matters and things which 
by the Laws of England concerning the Plantations he is disabled to 
do or execute. Given under my hand and the seal of the Colony at 
Williamsburg this nth day of July 1722, In the eight year of his 
Majesties reign. 
Jacob Holtxclow [Holtzclaw] his naturalization. 

A. Spotswood. 
At a Court held for Spotsylvania County on Tuesday ye 5th day of 

October 1725. 
On motion of Jacob Holtxclow [Holtzclaw] the above naturalization 
is admitted to record. 

Teste. John Waller Clk. Ct. 

A true copy. 

Teste: C. A. Harris, Clerk. 

Deed Book A. Page 165. 

This document is the evidence — and it is conclusive — '.that the Ger- 
mans who settled at Germanna in 1714 came from the old province of 


Nassau-Siegen, now a part of Westphalia, Germany. And that they 
did not belong to the Swiss-German colony in the vicinity of New- 
berne, N. C. 

Charles E. Kemper. 
Staunton, Va., Jan. 25, 1921. 

Notes from the Records of Prince George County. 

(1) Inventory of Captain Edward Wyatt's estate, April 8, 1728. 

(2) Deed March 1727 from Peter Wynne and Frances his wife, of 
Prince George county. 

(3) Deed from Henry Wyatt and Mary his wife, of Prince George 
county, Feb. 13, 1727, conveying a slave formerly the property of 
Edward Hill, of Charles City county, and by his will devised to the 
said Mary. 

(4) Deed, Jan. 9, 1727, from Robert Munford, of Prince George 
county, to his son James. 

(5) Will of Henry Batte, of Prince George county, mother Mary 
Batte, sister Mary Poythress, sister Elizabeth Lyggon, sister Ann 
Stratton, sister Rachel Parham, sister Sarah Jones, brother William 
Batte, dated July 5, 1727, proved Oct. 2, 1727. 

(6) Will of Robert Jones, Jr., of Bartie Precinct, North Carolina, 
father Robert Jones, Sr., 100 acres in Prince George county, to eldest 
son Thomas Jones, land in Prince George Co., wife and children (not 
named in will). Dated April 6, 1727, proved Aug. 8, 1727. 

(7) Deed, June 5, 1727, from Drury Stith, Jr., of Prince George and 
Elizabeth his wife, conveying 600 acres on Saponey Creek, Prince 

(8) Inventory of the estate of Richard Ingram, Mch. 30, 1727, val- 
ued at £195. 

(9) Account with estate of Capt. Henry Duke, Debts £244.3; Inven- 
tory £129.16.2. Elizabeth Duke administratrix. 

(10) Inventory of estate of William Epes, April 1727. Sarah Epes 
and Francis Epes Jr., executors. 

(11) Will of William Epes Sr., son Francis land testator lived on, 
son William land at Gravely Run, daughter Mary Bevil, daughter 
Sarah Epes, wife Sarah. Wife and son Francis, executors. Proved 
April 1727. 

(12) Deed, March 13, 1726, from Abraham Jones, of Prince George, 
to his brother William Jones, conveying land, which testator's father, 
by his will, dated Jan. 19, 1721, devised to said William. 

(13 Will of Richard Ingram (x), expecting to depart this life in a 
short time, to three nephews, John, Richard and Joseph Hicks, wife 
Sarah, wife's daughter Rebecca Moorcock, dated Jan. 1st, 1726, proved 
Feb. 1726. 


(14) Will of Peter Jones, St., of Bristol Parish, Prince George, wife 
Mary, part of the land I live on; son Abraham Jones, land on the 
south side of Brick House Run, son Peter, remainder of the land I 
live on, son William, land on Besses Branch, son Thomas, land on 
Nottoway River, son John, land on Nottoway River, son Wood, land, 
daughter Mary, wife of Peter Jones, daughter Anne Jones, daughter 
Margaret Jones, daughter Martha Jones, dated Jan. 9, 1721, proved 
Jan. 1726. 

(15) Deed, Sept. 1726, from Abraham Cocke, of Prince George. 

(16) Will of Charles Goodrich, daughter Anne Hamlin, daughters 
Sarah and Lucy Goodrich, dated Dec. 6, 1725, proved June, 1726. 

(17) Deed, December 13, 1725, from Abraham Cocke, of Prince 
George, conveying to Robert Chappell, of same, 200 acres on Oquits 

(18) Deed, Aug. 11, 1724, from Thomas Ravenscroft,. of James City 
county, conveying to William Hamlin, of Prince George, his share of 
2593 acres on Namozine Creek, patented by said Ravenscroft and Ham- 
lin and by William Epes. 

(19) Will of John Scott, daughter Bridget Tatum, daughter Emilia 
Tatum, daughter Bethyer Bunowe, daughter Boyce Gee, grandson 
Thomas Scott, wife Bethyer son-in-law James Gee, grandson John 
Scott; to daughter Elizabeth Chappell, "what she hath already and six 
hundred and thirty pounds of tobacco". Dated June 1, 1724, proved 
June 9, 1724. 

(20) Will of John Poythres, proved May 1724. Sons John, Francis 
and William; wife Mary; daughters Elizabeth and Ann Poythress. 
Robert Poythress and John Woodlief, pasture [?] executors. Refers 
to his brother Thomas Poythress. 

(21) Will of Robert Chappell, dated Feb. 3, 1723; son Robert forty 
shillings in cash, one bed, "my gun and wearing apparell, my horse 
Turk, with saddle and furniture, three cows and calves and my negro 
boy Dick to be delivered to him at the age of 21 years." To daughter 
Sarah one bed, forty shillings in cash and a negro girl named Frank, to 
be delivered when she is of the age of 21 ; to daughter Mary a negro 
girl named Jenny; to son John five pounds, cash, and a negro girl 
named Patt; to beloved wife Sarah, negroes named Harry, Jenny and 
Lydia, his three other horses, with sidesaddle and furniture, £39, cash. 
After her death negro Jenny to son Robert. To daughter Ann three 
pounds cash. His mare and her increase to be divided between his 
daughters Mary and Ann. "As I have no more negroes that I might 
give all my children one, it is my pleasure that of the first increase 
that lives of all those before mentioned negroes, I give one to my 
daughter Ann, and another to my youngest son James." To beloved 
wife all the rest of his estate, except that household goods and mova- 
bles are to be divided between wife and children as they come of age. 
Cattle, sheep and hogs to wife, with discretion to give any part she 


may choose to the children. Wife sole executor. Thomas Hardaway, 
Robert Bevill and Thomas Paice witnesses. Proved Feb. 12, 1724. 

(22) Deed Sept. 1721, from William Ligon and his wife Elizabeth 
(one of the daughters of Capt. Henry Batte, deceased) of Henrico 

(23) Deed, Sept. io, 1720, from John Poythress Sr. and Mary his 
wife, of Prince George county, William Ligon and Elizabeth his wife 
and Edward Stratton and Ann his wife, of Henrico county, James 
Parham and Rachel his wife, of Isle of Wight county, and Abraham 
Jones and Sarah his wife, of Prince George, reciting that Henry Batte, 
deceased, of Prince George, by his will, left a tract of land in Prince 
George, 1200 acres, to his daughters, the said Mary, Elizabeth, Ann, 
Rachel and Sarah. 

(24) Will of Edward Goodrich, wife, daughters Mary and Elizabeth, 
son Benjamin, son Edward (land at High Hills, Surry, 500 acres). 
Certain tracts of land to be sold. To his father, his brother and each 
of his sisters, 10 shillings. Dated Oct. 7, 1720, proved Jan. 1720. 

(25) Will of Nicholas Wyatt, Elizabeth Wyatt daughter of son 
Anthony, deceased ; granddaughter Frances Wyatt, grandson John 
Wyatt, Susannah Reeks, Anthony Wyatt, son Edward. Dated April 
14, 1720, proved Dec. 2, 1720. 

(26) Will of John Lanier, sons Robert, John, Sampson, grandson 
John, son of Nicholas Lanier, son Nicholas. Dated Jan. 5, 1717, 
proved April 1719. 

(27) In 1715 John Mason, of Surry, sold a tract of land in Prince 

(28) Deed, Dec. 20, 1786, from Lemuel Harrison, of Prince George, 
to his brother William Harrison. 


Life in Scotland and Virginia of the Author of 
"Mary's Dream." 

Among the pathetic ballads which the Scotch people love and sing 
few have been more popular, especially in Galloway and the western 
shires, than that called "Mary's Dream." As the author lived a num- 
ber of years and died in Virginia, some account of him will doubtless 
be of interest : Our song birds are, unfortunately, too rare birds for one 
to be passed over in silence. 

John Lowe was born at Kenmore, in Galloway, in the year 1750, 
where his father was gardener to Mr. Gordon, son of the gallant but 
unfortunate Lord Kenmore, who took the wrong side for success in 
"The '15," and in consequence lost his head and title. The Gordons 


of Fredericksburg were of this stock, and this fact may have been an 
inducement for our poet to settle in the good old burg. 

The elder Lowe had a large family and was very poor, so his son 
John in boyhood only received the education which it has long been 
the glory of Scotland to give to her humblest sons. He wished to be 
a scholar, but the straitened circumstances of the family forbid, and 
at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a weaver. Difficulties, however, 
only proved n additional incentive, and by saving from his pay he was 
enabled to send himself to an eminent teacher in a neighboring parish. 
He employed his evenings teaching church music, as he had a good ear, 
sung well, and played with considerable skill on the violin. These 
accomplishments, together with a happy temper and uncommon flow 
of spirits, made him acceptable wherever he went and gained him 
friends, who aided him materially in his education. His especial 
patron was the Rev. John Gillespie, minister of Kells. 

By his own savings and the aid of his friends he was enabled to 
enter the University of Edinburgh, and there gained the reputation of 
an industrious and talented young man. This was probably the hap- 
piest period of his life ; but even then he had constantly to struggle 
against the evils of poverty. In a poem, written about this time, he 

Nor e'er was rich a moment; but in thought." 
"No post, no pelf, by servile means I sought, 

A number of his letters written during this period have been pre- 
served, and show how sensitive was his appreciation of all the charms 
of nature, and how honorable was his ambition. 

On his return from College he became a tutor in the family of Mr. 
McGhil of Airds, a country gentleman of small fortune, who had 
several beautiful daughters. Various songs he wrote while here are 
still sung by the peasantry of Galloway, and a picturesque spot over- 
looking the rivers Ken and Dee, where he was accustomed to compose, 
is still called "Lowe's seat." 

Poet like, he fell in love with one of the young ladies of the family 
and vow of undying fidelity were exchanged. Mary, a sister of his 
sweetheart, was likewise engaged — to a young surgeon in the navy 
named Miller, who was lost at sea as he was returning to be married. 
This was the origin of the ballad, "Mary's Dream." 

Lowe, finding there was but little chance for him to secure an inde- 
pendence at home, sailed for Virginia in 1773, and became a tutor in 
the family of a brother of General Washington. Afterwards he kept 
with great success the Fredericksburg Academy, but various mishaps 
interfered with his school, and he took orders in the Episcopal church 
and was appointed rector of St. George's parish, Fredericksburg. He 
officiated here very acceptably for a time, and won much respect for 
his talents and eloquence, but faithlessness to his Scotch lassie brought 


its own punishment and caused his downfall. He was for a time very 
constant, and a poem addressed to her in 1775, says : 

"Fair faces here I meet and forms divine, 
Enough to shake all constantcy; but mine." 

He failed, however, then, to appreciate the power of those charms 
for which the ladies of Fredericksburg have been so rightly famous, 
and finally forgetting the Scotch girl was was waiting for him on the 
banks of the Ken and Dee, fell in love with a beautiful Virginian. 
She had already disposed of her heart and refused him, but in turn he 
became the object of a violent attachment on the part of her sister and 
married her, he says, "merely from a sense of gratitude." His wife in 
a few months turned out to be utterly unworthy and ceased to care for 
him, while he, to drown his sorrows, took to the bottle and went rapidly 
to the dogs, of course losing his parish, and dying in 1798 in his 48th 
year. An early friend of his writing from Virginia to Scotland says, 
that feeling death was near and being unwilling to die in his miserable 
home, Lowe mounted a miserable horse which he could hardly ride and 
went some distance to the residence of an acquaintance, which he 
reached in a dying condition. He only lived three days longer, and 
lies in an unmarked grave near the banks of the Rappahannock. 

The following is the poem by which he is well known in Scotland : 

mary's dream. 

The moon had climbed the highest hill, 

Which rises o'er the source of Dee, 
And from the eastern summit shed 

Her silver light on tow'r and tree ; 
When Mary laid her down to sleep, 

Her thoughts on Robin far at sea; 
When soft and low a voice was heard, 

Saying, Mary, weep no more for me. 

She from her pillow gently rais'd 

Her head to see who there might be, 
She saw young Robin shiv'ring stand, 

With visage pale and hollow ee ; 
O Mary, dear, cold is my clay, 

It lies beneath the stormy sea ; 
Far, far from thee I sleep in death ; 

So, Mary, weep no more for me. 

Three stormy nights and stormy days, 

We toss'd upon the raging main; 
And long we strove our bark to save, 

But all our striving was in vain. 
E'en then when horror chil'd my blood, 

My heart was fill'd with love for thee. 
The storm has past, and I at rest ; 

So, Mary, weep no more for me. 


O, maiden dear, thyself prepare, 

We soon shall meet upon that shore, 
Where love is free from doubt and care, 

And thou and I shall part no more. 
Loud crow'd the cock, the shadows fled, 

No more of Robin could she see; 
But soft the passing spirit said, 

Sweet Mary, weep no more for me. 

Fitzhugh Family Bible Entries. 
Copy from Dudley Fitzhugh's Bible in Possession of Mrs. Laura Gray. 

Births — William Fitzhugh, son of Col. Henry Fitzhugh and Sarah, 
his wife, was born on Tuesday the 23d of April, 1754, and was bap- 
tized by the Rev. Musgrave Dawson, his sponsors were Mr. Thos. 
Fitzhugh and wife, Mr. John Fitzhugh and Mrs. Sarah Conway. 

Sarah Fitzhugh, consort of William Fitzhugh, was born the 17th 
of December, 1757. 

Dudley Fitzhugh, son of Wm. Fitzhugh and Sarah, his wife, was 
born the 20th of October, 1789, at 9 o'clock A. M. and was baptized 
by the Rev. James Thompson, his sponsors were his mother, his 
sister Anna Harrison Fitzhugh, his uncle, George Fitzhugh, his 
brother Henry Fitzhugh and Mr. John Matthews. 

Lucy Brooke Fitzhugh, consort of Dudley Fitzhugh was born the 
4th of August, 1794 and was baptized by the Rev. J. Thompson. 

Deaths — Sarah Fitzhugh, consort of William Fitzhugh of Prospect 
Hill, departed this life the 28th of Sept., 1804. 

Wm. Fitzhugh of Prospect Hill, son of Col. Henry Fitzhugh, de- 
parted this life the 22nd of April, 1817, in the 63d year of his age. 

Dudley Fitzhugh of Llewellyn, son of William and Mary Fitz- 
hugh of Prospect Hill, departed this life on the 1st day of January, 
1848, in the 59th year of his age. 

Marriages — William Fitzhugh of Prospect Hill was married to 
Sarah Digges, daughter of Col. Edward Digges of Yorktown, Va., 
22nd of February, 1778. 

Dudley Fitzhugh, son of William Fitzhugh and Sarah, his wife, 
was married to Lucy Brooke Digges, daughter of Major Thomas 
Digges and Elizabeth, his wife, the 7th of June, 1820, by the Rev. 
William Williamson. 

James and John Gordon, immigrants from the North of Ireland 

Samuel Gordon was the youngest son of John and Lucy Gordon. 

Sarah Fitzhugh who was Sarah Digges, wife of William Fitz- 
hugh of Prospect Hill, left the following children, viz: Ann H. 
who intermarried with Thomas G. Thornton and now a widow: 


Elizabeth Cole who intermarried with Samuel Gordon; Sarah B. 
Fitzhugh who intermarried with Elias Edmonds now a widow; 
Edward D. Fitzhugh; Cole Fitzhugh; Dudley Fitzhugh; Thomas L. 
Fitzhugh; and Maria Fitzhugh who intermarried with Thomas 
Catlett, now a widow. 

That Elizabeth C. Gordon, daughter of Sarah Fitzhugh, died 
leaving the following children, viz: — Thomas G. — Sally who inter- 
married with Peter Dudley — William F. — Lucy Ann — Maria — and 
Elizabeth C. 

Above is an extract from Minute Book of Fauquier County Court 
January 28, 1835- 1834-5 Page 209— (I copied this as relating to the 
Digges connection. A. R. B.) 

Copied from my copies for Mrs. Mary M. Wilson, 515 N. Spring 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo., by A. R. Bartenstein, this 7th April 1906. 

A. R. Bartenstein, 
Fauquier Co., Warrenton, Va. 

Copied from Cousin Griffin Gordon letter as copied from my grand- 
father Samuel Gordon's Bible in his possession — as to Gordons. 

A. R. Bartenstein. 

Samuel Gordon was married to Elizabeth Cole Fitzhugh 19 Feb- 
ruary 1801. 

Sarah Digges Gordon daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Gordon 
was married to Peter Dudley August, 1821. 

Wm. F. Gordon son of Samuel and Elizabeth Gordon was married 
to Mary Jane McCreary Dec. 22, 1830. 

Wm. F. Gordon and Elizabeth Jane Newton were married 16 
October, 1843. 

Edward H. Fitzhugh and Maria Gordon were married August 
23, 1838. 

Elizabeth Cole Fitzhugh Gordon married Ferdinand Bartenstein 
February 1847. (In our Bible married Jany. 12, 1847). 

Thomas Griffin Thornton Gordon was born Feby. 18, 1802. 

John Gordon was born August 3, 1803. 

Sarah Digges Gordon was born May 24, 1805. 

Wm. Fitzhugh Gordon was born August 13, 1807. 

Samuel Gordon was born November 22, 1809. 

James Gordon was born Sept. 1812, died April 16, 1814. 

Lucy Ann Harrison Gordon was born Feby. 17, 1815. 
Children of Wm. F. and Mary Jane Gordon as follows: 

James McCreary Gordon was born Feby. 2, 1833. 

Wm. Fitzhugh Gordon was born 28 Sept. 1834. 


Thomas Griffin Gordon was born Jany. 21, 1839. 

Samuel Douglas Gordon was born Dec. 16, 1840. 

James Gordon was born Sept. 12, 1812, died April 16, 1814. 

Elizabeth Cole Gordon, consort of Samuel Gordon, died April 5, 

John Gordon, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, died 1821. 

Samuel Gordon Senior died April 27, 1823. 

Samuel Gordon, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, died June 12, 1828. 

Wm. Pitzhugh Gordon, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, died July 
24, 1865, aged 58 years. 

Sarah D. Price, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Gordon, died 
Dec. 14, 1863. 

Elizabeth Cole P. Bartenstein, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth, 
died Peby. 27, 1878. 

Lucy A. H. Gordon, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth, died 
Nov. 11, 1887. 

Elizabeth Jane Gordon, wife of Wm. P. Gordon, died Nov. 15, 1891. 

Samuel D. Gordon, son of Wm. P. and Mary Jane Gordon, died 
May 12, 1891. 

Wm. P. Gordon, son of Wm. P. and Mary Jane, died Nov. 1893. 

Children of Ferdinand and Elizabeth Cole P. Bartenstein: 

Andrew Remhardt Bartenstein born Oct. 2, 1847. 

Sarah Pitzhugh Bartenstein born Oct. 5, 1849. 

William Gordon Bartenstein born July 2, 1851. 

Laura Bartenstein born August 13, 1853. 

Margaretta Barbara Bartenstein born Oct. 27, 1855. 

Edward Henry Bartenstein born Nov. 26, 1857. 

Elizabeth Cole Bartenstein born June 18, 1861. 

Ann Harrison Pitzhugh, sister of Elizabeth Cole Pitzhugh, mar- 
ried Thomas Griffin Thornton Oct. 29, 1795. 


In the English Notes and Queries, for Jan. 6, 1866, a correspondent, 
discussing the insoluble question why Shakespeare never mentioned 
tobacco, gave a very compact and interesting account of tobacco in 
England early in the Seventeenth Century. We are, here, familiar 
with the history of tobacco in Virginia, but details in regard to it, 
after it reached England are but slightly known. It may be added that 
in another part of this Magazine will be found a statement by the 
highest Virginia Court, that about 1622 tobacco was usually rated here 
at three shillings a pound. When the different value of money is con- 
sidered this was a large price. The writer in Notes and Queries saysr 


"If Shakespeare's contemporaries were silent about the then new 
fashion of smoking, we should not so much wonder at Shakespeare's 
taciturnity. But Decker's and Ben Jonson's works abound in allusions 
to tobacco, its uses and abuses. The humorist and satirist lost no op- 
portunity of deriding the new fashion and its followers. The tobacco 
merchant was an important person in the London of James the First's 
time — with his Winchester pipes, his maple cutting-blocks, his juniper 
wood charcoal fires, and his silver tongs with which to hand the hot 
charcoal to his customers, although he was shrewdly suspected of 
adulterating the precious weed with sack lees and oil. It was his 
custom to wash the tobacco in muscadel and grains, and to keep it 
moist by wrapping it in greased leather and oiled rags or by burying 
it in gravel. The Elizabethan pipes were so small that when they are 
dug up in Ireland the poor call them 'fairy pipes' from their tininess. 
These pipes became known by the nickname of 'the woodcock's heads'. 
The apothecaries, who sold the best tobacco, became masters of the art, 
and received pupils, whom they taught to exhale the smoke in little 
globes, rings, or the 'Euripus'. 'The slights' these tricks were called. 

Ben Jonson facetiously makes these professors boast of being able 
to take three whiffs, then to take horse, and evolve the smoke — one 
whiff at Hounslow, a second at Staines, and a third at Bagshot. The 
ordinary gallant, like Mercutio, would smoke while dinner was serving 
up. Those who were rich and foolish carried with them smoking appa- 
ratus of gold or silver — tobacco-box, snuff-ladle, tongs to take up char- 
coal, and priming irons. There seem, from Decker's Gull's Horn-Book, 
to have been smoking clubs, or tobacco ordinaries as they were called, 
where the entire talk was of the best shops for buying the Trinidado, 
the Nicotine, the Cane, and the Pudding, whose pipe had the best bore, 
which would turn blackest, and which would break in the browning. 

At the theatres, the rakes and spendthrifts who crowded the stage 
of Shakespeare's time sat on low stools smoking; they sat with their 
three sorts of tobacco beside them, and handed each other lights on the 
points of their swords, sending out their pages for more Trinadado if 
they required it. Many gallants 'took' their tobacco in the lord's room 
over the stage and went out to (Saint) Paul's to spit there privately. 
Shabby sponges and lying adventurers like Bobadil, bragged of the 
number of packets of 'the most divine tobacco' they had smoked in a 
week, and told enormous lies of living for weeks in the Indies on its 
fumes alone. They swore it was an antidote to all poisons ; that it 
expelled rheums, sour humours, and obstruction of all kinds, and healed 
wounds better than St. John's wort. Some doctors were of opinion 
it would heal gout and the ague, neutralize the effects of drunkeness, 
and remove weariness and hunger. 

The poor, on the other hand, not disinclined to be envious and de- 
tracting when judging rich men's actions, laughed at men who made 


chimneys of their throats, or who sealed up their noses with snuff. 
Ben Jonson makes that dry, shrewd, water-carrier of his, Cob, rail 
at the 'roguish tobacco' : he would leave the stocks for worse men, and 
make it present whipping for either man or woman who dealt with a 
tobacco pipe. Trinadado is little better than ratsbane or rosaker, he 
says, and those who use it deserve to be stifled with it. It chokes men, 
says the wrathful humorist, and fills them with smoke, embers and soot. 
There ere three who died out of one house last week', he says, 'with 
taking it; and to more the bell went for yesterday. One of them, they 
say, ill never 'scape it; he voided a bushel of soot yesterday'. 

But King James, in his inane Counterblast, is more violent than even 


"To all Etc. — Now know ye that I, the said Sir Wm. Berkeley,. 
Knt., Governour, Etc., do give and graunt unto George and Henry 
Billingsley five hundred acres of land according to ye anchent lawfull 
bounds thereof, situate lying and being in Chuckatuck in Nansemond 
County and formerly graunted to John Billingsley and is lately found 
to escheat to his Majtie. and by an inquisition recorded in Mr. Secre- 
tary's office under the hands and seals of Mr. Alford Deputy Escheator 
for the said County and a Jury sworn before him for the purpose. 
Dated ye 18th. of November, 1671, may appear, and is now graunted 
to the said George and Henry Billingsley who have made and given 
Composition to be paid according to Act. Saving and for ever reserving 
out of the said five hundred acres of Land, one acre and a half thereof, 
graunted by the Right Honble. Sir Wm. Berkeley, Knt., Governour 
Etc., to ye parish Church of Chuckatuck for ye erecting a church 
upon and for a burial place belonging to ye said parish for ever. 
To Have and to Hold Etc. To bee held yielding and Paying Provided — 
Dated— the 28th. day of October, 1672." 

[The original grant to John Billingsly would show the location of 
this land.] 




By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 



The Barne or Barnes family is allied with the Lovelaces of Bethers- 
den through the marriage of Sir William Lovelace 7 (1584-1627), the 
younger, of Bethersden and Woolwich, with Anne Barne the daughter 
of Sir William Barne of Woolwich and his wife Anne Sandys, the 
daughter of Edwin Sandys, successively Bishop of Worcester, Bishop 
of London and Archbishop of York during the reign of Elizabeth. 
This Sir William Lovelace 7 and his wife Anne, who were married 
about 1610, were the parents of, among other children, Richard Love- 
lace, the poet, Francis Lovelace, governor of New York, and Anne 
Lovelace who married the Rev. John Gorsuch of Walkern, Herts, 
from whom sprung the very numerous family of Gorsuch traced in the 
former volumes of the Virginia Magazine. 

The Barne family became very prominent in London and in Wool- 


wich, Kent, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several 
members being among the "merchant princes" and "merchant adven- 
turers" of this period. Anne (Barne) Lovelace numbers among her 
immediate ancestors three lord mayors of London. 

Although most of the genealogical and biographical details presented 
in the following sketch of the Barne family have been derived directly 
by the writer from wills, inquisitions post mortem, and other manu- 
script sources not previously published, and from early printed works 
apparently not hitherto quoted, the writer has also made use of the brief 
Barne chart pedigrees published in the Visitation of London, 1568 (Harl. 
Soc. i; 25), Hasted's Kent (passim) and the excellent pedigree in 
Crisp's Visitation of England and Wales (vii; p. 158; and Notes, vii; 
pp. 121-9). 

The Barne arms as given in the Visitation of London, 1568, are: 
Quarterly: 1st and 4th Azure, three leopards' heads, argent [for 
Barne] ; 2nd and 3rd Argent, a chevron, azure, between three Cornish 
cloughs sable [for Ashthorpe?]. Crest: On a mound vert an eagle 
rising argent, beaked and ducally gorged or. Motto: Nee itmide nee 

The Barne line is as follows: 

I. George Barne 1 citizen and haberdasher of London; lived in the 
latter part of the fifteenth and the early part of the sixteenth century. 
His son was: 

II. Sir George Barne 2 (George 1 ). Haberdasher, and sheriff of 
London 1545-1546. Lord mayor of London 1552. Knighted at White- 
hall, 11 April, 1553. He married Alice Brooke*, the daughter of 

Brooke of Shropshire, and sister of Roger Brooke ; she was the widow 
of Richard Relfe, citizen and vintner of London, who was buried at 
All Hallows', Honey Lane, London. Richard Relfe's will, dated 5 
July, 1528, under which his wife Alice was appointed executrix, was 
proved 28 September, 1528 (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; 
Porch, 37). It is said that Sir George Barne was the first merchant 
adventurer to Barbary, Russia and Genoa, and an incorporator of the 
first organized English Company for discovery in 1551, and that he 
was the "principal doer" in sending Sir Hugh Willoughby to the 
Northeast in 1553, as well as one of the "first four Consuls" of the 
Merchant Adventurers, 6 February, 1553 (Brown's Genesis of the 
United States; ii ; p. 285). He is mentioned most kindly by Bishop 
Ridley, the martyr in his farewell letter October 5, 1555 (Works of 
Nicholas Ridley, D. D.; Parker Society, 1843; 410). He died 18 Feb- 
ruary, 1557-8, and was "buried at St. Bartholomew — the-Less near the 
Exchange". "18 Feb. 1557-8. Died Sir George Barnes, Knt., haber- 

* The codicil of Alice Barne's will names her brother Roger Brooke, 
and various Brooke nephews in Shropshire. This Brooke family has not 
been identified. There is a pedigree of Brooke of Leighton in the ad- 
joining county of Cheshire contained in the Visitation of Cheshire, 1580, 
in which three individuals named Roger Brooke are given. 


dasher, late Mayor of London, viz. at the time of the Queen's corona- 
tion [i. e. Mary's, and] On the 24th Sir George Barnes, aforesaid, chief 
merchant of the Moscovy company, was buried. There was borne the 
pennon of the Moscovy arms. The Mayor and swordbearer had black 
gowns ; the fourscore poor men were clad in black gowns. There was 
a standard and five pennons of arms, and coat armour, etc., a goodly 
hearse of wax. Dr. Chadsey made the sermon on the morrow; and 
after a great dinner ; Mr. Clarencieux and Mr. Lancaster were the 
heralds". {Strype's Ecclesiastical Memorials, 1827; iii, pt. ii; p. 108). 
Sir William Barne "dwelt in Bartholomew-lane where Sir William 
Capel dwelt; and afterwards Mr. Derhame" (Stow's Survey of London 
and Westminster; 6th ed. 1755; ii ; 279). His widow Alice survived 
him a little over a year. "June the 2d 1559, was buried in Little St. 
Bartholomew's the lady Barnes, late wife of Sir George Barnes, knight, 
sometime lord mayor of London. She gave to many poor men and 
women russet gowns ; and to the poor men and women of Calais (now 
being driven out thence from their habitations, trades, and estates into 
England, and that in great numbers, were no doubt in great straights). 
She gave so much apiece in money and an hundred black gowns and 
coats. There attended the funeral Mr. Clarencieux, and twenty clerks 
singing afore her to the church, all in English. All the place [i. e. her 
house] and the streets through which they passed and the church, all 
being in black and coats of arms. Being come to the church, and the 
English procession sung, Mr. Home made a sermon. After that the 
clerks sung Te Deum in English. Then the corpse was buried with 
something sung. I suppose it was the versicles beginning Man that is 
born of a woman, etc." (Strype's Annals of the Reformation, 1824; 
i ; pt. i ; p. 2863. An inquisition post mortem upon Sir George Barne's 
estate was taken at the Guildhall, London, 1 April, 1558 (C. 4 and 5; 
P. & M., part i, No. 106). His will dated 15 February, 1557-8, and 
proved 21 March, 1557-8, an abstract of which follows, has not been 
previously published {Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; Noodes,. 
13), nor has the will of his widow Alice Barne, dated 20 September, 
1558, and proved 5 July, 1559 {Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; 
Chapnay 32). A portrait of Sir George Barne which appears in. 
Brown's Genesis (p. 70), is reproduced here. 

The will of Sir George Barne, knight and alderman of 
London, 15 February, 1557-8. I desire to be buried in the 
parish church of St. Bartholomew the Little in the Ward of 
Brede Street before my pew there & that there be some epi- 
taph made and set up in the pillar before my grave. I give 
to the High Altar for my tithes negligently forgotten 5s. & 
to the clerk of my said parish church 6s. 8d. ; to the new sex- 
ton there 5s. To old Harrison and his wife "whiche Harri- 
son was Sexten of my saide parish churche heretofore 20s." 



To old Mother Tailor 20s. To the poor dwelling in the 
several parishes within the Ward of Brodestreate, £10. To 
the poor dwelling in the ward of Colman Street, £10. To the 
Hospital of St. Barthilmewes in West Smithfield in London, 
£50 to be delivered to the hands of Mr. Lawrence Withers, 
towards the edifying of the said hospital. To the Hospital 
of St. Thomas Southwark, £50. to be delivered to the hands 
of Mr. Sawyer towards the payment of the debts of the said 
hospital. To my sister, Alice Kyngesbury dwelling in Wells, 
co. Somerset, £10. I forgive Maurice Flettern, £16 he owes 
me, 8i I forgive John Burges the debt he owes me, & give him 
£5. To my Aunt Barnes dwelling at Woodstock, co. Oxford, 
£4; to Robert Barns dwelling at Plymouth, co. Devon, £3. 
To my servant, Elizabeth Barnes, £10 & to her brothers and 
sisters 20s. each. To my servant, Thomas Bicrofte, £5 ; to 
Leonard Hopkins, £5; to Thomas Wilkes, £3; to Thomas 
Warre £5; to Joan Burden 40s.; to my maid servant Ellen, 
40s. To Anne, wife of Oliver Cowper, £4; to Mrs. Agar 
40s. I have already given portions of my goods to the ad- 
vancement o"f my two sons and daughters "yet nevertheless 
for that I woulde have them after my decease to agree loving- 
lie to gethers as brithers and susters and to be loving and 
obedient to my wife, I will that eche of them shalhave a 
childes parte of my goods and cattalles according to the laud- 
able custome of the Cittie of London." I bequeath to Thomas 
Relfe, 40s. ; to William Relfe, my wife's son, £40, & forgive 
him the debts he owes me. To Sir William Pereson, clerk, 
parson of St. Bartholomew's the Little & to William Philippes 
and Francis Kelke, church wardens of the said church, my 
two little messuages being in the furthiest end of London 
Bridge, adjoining the Great Stoope there over the west side, 
now in the tenures of Richard Bulman and William Haynes, 
the same befng in the parish of St. Olave in the borough of 
Southwark, to them & their successors to provide 3d. each 
Sunday for holy bread for the parish church of St. Bar- . 
tholomew, and I5d. weekly in "peny breade" which every 
Sunday shall be set upon the altar of St. Bartholomew the 
Lesse before high mass before my pew, & after high mass 
shall be distributed as follows: — to the clerk of the said 
church, 1 peny loofe, to the sexton of the same one other 
pennyloofe, & the others to thirteen poor folk men or women ; 
the residue of the rents towards the reparations of the said 
tenements & of the said parish church of St. Bartholomew; 
if the said parson & churchwardens neglect the same, then I 
bequeath the said tenements to the Mistery of Haberdashers 


of London. To my wife, Dame Alice, all my messuages & 
lands not before bequeathed in the city of London, the 
borough of Southwark & co. Herts, for life, with remainder 
to my sons, George & John Barne. To the said Mystery 
of Haberdashers my lease of the Windmill at Finsbury upon 
the "Doungehill" called the East Mylne now in the tenure 
of William Warde, "towards thencrease of the living of the 
poor folke founde by the company of Haberdashers at Haber- 
dashers Hall, London." I bequeath my windmill upon the 
Mounte beyond St. John's, after my wife's death, to Christo- 
pher Carlile, son of Alexander Carlile. After my wife's 
death, to George, son of John Rivers, all my estate in the 
windmill at Finsbury called the West mill. To the mistery 
of Haberdashers my great silver gilt cup with the cover, to 
remain perpetually among them & to be used at the elec- 
tion of the master of the Company, & I give them £20 for 
a dinner the day of my burial. To the clerk of the said com- 
pany 10s. ; to the beadle, 6s. 8d. ; to the poor of the said 
company 10s. To John Nicolees & his wife & to Thomas 
Armestronge & his wife, a black gown each. To my friend, 
John Southcoote, gent., £6. 13. 4. To Dr. Jean, £5. & a black 
gown. Residuary legatee & executrix: — my wife, Dame 
Alice. Overseers : — my friends, Sir Rowland Hill & Sir 
Andrew Judde, Knt, alderman of London, & John Rivers, 
my son in law & I give the two former £10 each & the latter 
£20 & my best gilt goblets. To my servant, George Lodge, 
he to gather up my goods in Spain, £40. & to my servant, 
Hugh Omersley, £6. 13. 4. Signed : George Barne. Wit- 
nesses : Rowland Hill, John Sturgeon, Alexander Carlile, 
John Ryvers, George Barne, the younger, Thomas Beecrofte. 
Proved: — 21 March, 1557 [-8] by Christopher Robinson, proc- 
tor to the executrix. 

The following is an abstract of the will of Alice, widow of Sir George 

Barne : 

The will of Dame Alice Barne, widow of Sir George Barne, 
Knt. and alderman of London, dated 20 September, 1558. I 
desire to be buried in the parish church of St. Bartholomews 
the Little, in the Ward of Brodstreate, London, near my 
late husband. I give to the High Altar of the said church 
5s., to the clerk of the said church, 6s. 8d., to the sexton, 
3s. 4d. To goodman Brasseley & his wife 20s. To the poor 
in the said ward £10. To 30 poor women, a gown & kerchief 
each, the kerchief to be i6d. and ell at the least. To 30 poor 
women a gown each. To the poor of St. Bartholomew's 


Hospital, Smithfield, £40. To St. Thomas Hospital, South- 
wark, £40. To the poor prisoners of Newgate £5, of the Mar- 
shalsea £5, of the King's Bench £5. I desire my executor to 
give yearly to the poor at All Saints & Christmas £20 in coals 
during ten years after my decease, that is £40 a year. To my 
brother's son Richard Brooke £40. To my brother's son John 
Brooke £40. To their sisters £10 each. To Anne, wife of 
Oliver Cowper, £30, a featherbed, bolster,, pillow,, a pair of 
blankets, 4 pairs sheets, half a garnishe of pewter vessels, 2 
candlesticks of latton & a gowne of mine purpled with tawnye 
velvet, a sylvery goblet parcell gilte, vi sylver spoones with 
knoppes, 2 playnes tablecloths, two towelles and ii dozaine 
of plaine napkyns. To my apprentice Thomas Warre £40. if 
he die before the age of 21, his sister Anne Cowper to have 
the same. To Roger Warre of Bowlas, co. Shropshire £5, 
& to his sister in Shropshire £5. To the church wardenes 
of Bowlas for the reparation of the church £10. To my ser- 
vant Elizabeth Barne £10, to my servant Joan Gowman, £4, 
to my servant Leonard Hopkyns £4 & to my servant Thomas 
Bycrofte £4 & a black gown. To Henry Kynge & his wife, 
Rafe Washe & his wife, my maid Wylmet, my said Eliza- 
beth Purser, a black gown each. To Mrs. Angarr in Chepe 
£4, to Thomas Armestronge's wife a ring of gold of £2. 10. o. 
To Mr. Sturgion, chamberlain of London, a black gown. To 
my Ladie Judde my best new cassock of satten lined. To 
Alice Carlell, to her marriage £100. To my goddaughter, 
Alice Ryvers, £100. To my son, George Barne, a basin & 
ewer of silver parcel gilt, & to my son, John Barne, a basin 
& ewer of the same. To my son in law, Alexander Carlell, 
the same. To my son in law, John Ryvers, the same. To my 
daughters, Anne Carlell & Elizaveth Ryvers, "my two gyrdles 
of golde & ii chaines of golde, a booke of goolde w th a cheyn-s 
of golde at it and all the reste of my ringes and Jewells and 
all myne apparell to be eqully divided betwizt them two." To 
my son, Wiliam Relfe, £600, all my chamber where I lie, with 
the furniture thereof, "one garnishe of pewter vessells, ii 
Candlestyckes, one chafingdisshe,, two pewter pottell pottes, 
ii pewter quarte pottes, ii pewter pynte pottes, ii brasse pottes, 
ii brasse pannes" & so forth. To my daughter, Carlell, my 
best carpet of needlework. To my daughter Ryvers a carpet 
for a banketing table of needlework & a pillow of needle- 
work. To my son, John Barne, a carpet of needlework, 
which serves for the parlour & one which serves for the guest 
chamber window. To my daughter in law, Anne Barne, a 
chair of needle work, & a pillow of cloth of gold. To Nicho- 


las Colverwell & his wife, two silver standing bowls parcel 
gilt. To John Sponer of Fleet Street, £5. To Mrs. Rogers, 
of Coventry, a ring. To Mrs. Cheborne, widow, "one bonett 
of velvett with the frontelet to hit." To Thomas Relfe, cow- 
per, £20. To my servant, George Lodge, my goddaughter, 
Alice Grey, to her mother, to my servant Christopher Hud- 
son, £5 & a black gown each. To the Universities of Oxford 
& Cambridge, £10. each. To my son, George Barne, my cup 
of gold with the cover. To my son, John Barne, my chain of 
gold which was his father's. To my friend,, John Southcote, 
under sheriff of London, £5 & to his wife a ring of gold of 40s. 
Residuary legatees & executors: — my sons, George & John 
Barne & my sons in law, Alexander Carlell 81 John Ryvers, 
Signed, Alice Barne (Seal & mark). Witnesses: "John 
Southcote one of the under Shriefes of London." 

Codicil dated 12 February. 1 Eliz. I bequeath to my god- 
daughters, Alice Berde, Alice Dale, & Elizabeth Sturgeon, 
to Alice Kyngesburnie in Wells, co. Somerset, & Elizabeth 
Warre, £5 each. To Thomas Nycolls & his wife, a ring of 
40s. each. To the Company of Haberdashers for a dinner, 
£10 & to the poor of the said company 40s. To Symon Pamer 
& his wife, a black gown each. To my godson, William 
Barnes, my best nest of parcel gilt goblets with a cover. To 
my son, John Barne, a nest of gilt goblets with a cover. To 
my daughter, Anne Carlell, a nest of gilt bowls with a cover 
& after her decease the same to her daughter Alice. To my 
daughter, Elizabeth Ryvers, a nest of gilt bowls & after her 
death the same to her daughter, Alice, if Alice die before her 
lawful age or marriage, then the same to my daughter's son, 
George Ryvers. To Alice Warre, now dwelling with me, 
£40, if she die before her lawful age or marriage, the same to 
her sister, Anne Cowper, if she die, then to their brother, 
Thomas Warre. To my son, William Relfe, a silver salt with 
a cover, & a silver ale pot parcel gilt & three white stand- 
ing bowls & a nest of silver goblets & a flat silver bowl with 
a cover, 1 doz. white silver spoons & a silver flat bowl parcel 
gilt. Overseer: John Sturgeon, chamberlain of London & 
I give him £10. To Dr. Green, a black gown & a gold ring 
of 40s. To John Streate, dwelling in Holborn, £10. To John 
Baron's wife, of Woodstock, £4. To Spurlinge, of Baldock, 
a black coat. To Thomas Smythe & his wife, a black gown 
each. To the parson of St. Bartholomew's, 40s. To Margaret 
Whashe, 40s. To Mrs. Dale, Mr. Chamberlayne's daughter, 
a black gown. To each, coming out of Shropshire for their 
legacies, a black coat. To my brother, Roger Brooke, a black 


gown. The twenty pounds Thomas Kytleye owes me to be 
distributed to the poor of the Hospital of St. Bartholomew's. 
To the making of the bridge between Mesen and Bowlas, 
£10. To the poor of every ward within London, £5 a piece. 
To the poor in Bethlehem, 20s. I forgive John Shurlock, 
Smyth's wife of Buckingham, Henry Kinge, Thomas Trewe, 
Thomas Bycrofte the debts they owe me. To John Rivers a 
cross bow. To poor maidens' marriages, £6. 13. 4. To the 
poor that came from Calais, £10. Witnesses: — John South- 
cote, Christopher Carlell, John Harte, grocer, John Grey, 
James Symount, Thomas Beastle. Proved: 5 July, 1559, by 
the Executors. 

Issue of Sir George Barne 2 (George 1 ) and his wife Alice (Brooke) 

1. Sir George Barne 3 of Woolwich, Kent, knight. Born about 
1525; died 2 January, 1592-3. Married Anne Garrard. See 
post III. 

2. John Barne 3 of Willisden, Middlesex. Will dated 11 February, 
1510-11, proved 18 September, 1516 (Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury Wills; Rudd, 79). Married Jane Langton daughter 
of Thomas Langton of Yorkshire. Left issue. 

3. Elizabeth Barne 3 . Married Sir John Rivers, knight ; citizen 
and grocer, alderman and lord mayor of London (1673). His 
will dated 31 January, 1583-4, was proved 10 April, 1584 (Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury Wills; Butts, 37). See Visita- 
tion of London, 1568 (Harleian Society; i ; 7) for the Rivers 

4. Anne Barne 3 . Her will dated 28 July, 1564, was proved 22 
November, 1564 (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; Ste- 
venson, 32). She married first about 1550 Alexander Carleill 

[Carlyell], citizen and vintner of London, whose will dated 4 
October, 1561, was proved 16 October, 1561 (Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury Wills; Loftes, 31). Christopher Carleill,* the 

* Christopher Carleill, the distinguished military and naval com- 
mander, was the son of Alexander Carleill and his wife Anne Barne. He 
was born about 1551, and was educated at Cambridge. In 1572 he went 
to Flushing and was present at the siege of Middleburg. He served under 
the Prince of Conde at La Rochelle. For five years he "followed the 
fortune of the Warres in Flanders and by his desert was made a great 
commander in the States Campe" under the Prince of Orange. He was 
admiral of the English merchants who went into Russia in 1582. He was 
interested in discovery, and with his father-in-law, Sir Francis Walsing- 
ham, raised a subscription to discover "the coast of America lying to the 
south-west of Cape Breton". He served brilliantly as lieutenant-general 
of the land forces under Sir Francis Drake in the celebrated expedition 
of 1585-1586 to the West Indies, when the cities of S'an Domingo, San- 
tiago, Carthagena and St. Augustina were captured. In 1588 he was in 
Ireland as governor of Ulster. He died 11 Nov. 1593 in London. His 
wife was living in 1609. She was Mary, the daughter of his stepfather, Sir 
Francis Walsingham, by his second wife Ursula St. Barbe, the sister of 
Frances Walsingham, wife of Sir Philip Sidney. (S'ee Dictionary of 
National Biography and Brown's Genesis of the United States.) 


distinguished military and naval commander was their son. 
She married secondly, Jan. 1562, as his first wife, Sir 
Francis Walsingham of Barn Elms, Surrey, knight, who be- 
came the principal Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth, and 
Ambassador at Paris, 1570-1573; he died 6 April, 1590 (See 
Dictionary of National Biography; lix; 231). Walsingham by 
his second wife Ursula St. Barbe, whom he married in 1566,' 
had a daughter Frances who married Sir Philip Sidney, and a 
daughter Mary who married his step-son, Christopher Carleill. 

III. Sir George Barne 3 (George 1 , George 2 ). Of Woolwich, Kent, 
and citizen and haberdasher of London. Probably born about 1525, 
as he was "aged 25 and more" 19 February, 1557-8. He was executor 
under his mother's will, 1559, and is named in that of his sister Anne 
Walsingham, 1564. He was sheriff of London, 1576, and lord mayor 
1586. He was knighted by the Lord Chamberlain 11 June, 1587 {Shaw's 
Knights of England; 1906, ii ; 85). In his excessive zeal against the 
catholics Sir George Barne while sheriff of London, was guilty of a 
serious breach of diplomatic etiquette. On hearing that mass was being 
celebrated at the house of the Portuguese ambassador, he and the 
recorder of the city forcibly broke in to put a stop to such evil prac- 
tices. Although Elizabeth at once apologized and reprimanded the 
sheriff and the recorder, the ambassador was apparently suspicious of 
her sincerity and demanded the punishment of the offenders. They 
were then both imprisoned in the Fleet for a few days. A lengthy 
account of the episode will be found in Strype's Annals of the Refor- 
mation (Vol. ii; pt. ii; pp. 25-30). "Sir George Barne, Mayor 1587; 
he dwelled in Lombard Street over against the George in the house 
which was Sir William Chester's and was buried in the church of St. 
Edmond the King hard by." (S tow's Survey of London and West- 
minster; 6th ed. 1755; ii; 279). Brown (Genesis of the United States; 
825) says that he was interested in Fenton's voyage, 1582-1583, and in 
Davis's voyage to the Northwest in 1585-1587,, and that John Stowe 
dedicated the 1587 edition of the Chronicles of England to him. Sir 
George Barne died at Woolwich, 2 January, 1592-3, and was buried 
at St. Edmund's, Lombard Street, London. He married, probably about 
1565, Anne Garrard the daughter of Sir William Garrard, knight, of 
Dorney, Bucks, and of London, by his wife, Isabella daughter and co- 
heir of Julius [Julian] Nethermill of Coventry, Warwickshire. Sir 
Julian Nethermill's will was proved 1540 (Prerogative Court of C enter- 
bury Wills; Alcmger, 6). Sir William Garrard* was lord mayor of 


The following pedigree of this family is taken from the Visitation of 
London 1568 (Harleian Society; i; 5). 

The arms are : Argent, on a fess sable a lion passant of the field. 
Crest w A leopard sejant proper. 


London in 1555 and died in 1571 {Hasted's Kent; 2 ed. ; vii; 157). 
Under date of 31 December, 161 1, there is an entry in the State Papers 
"Old Lady Barnes dead". {Calendar of State Papers— Do- 
mestic; 1611-I6I8; 104). Anne (Garrard) Barne's estate was adminis- 
tered upon 8 January, 1611-12 {Prerogative Court of Canterbury Ad- 
ministrations). An inquisition post mortem upon Sir George Barne's 
estate was taken at Woolwich, 28 September, 1593 (C. Vol. 237; No. 
in). Sir George Barne's will, dated 2 April, 1591, was proved 20 
January, 1592-3 {Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; Nevill 1), 
and over a half century later administration upon his estate was 
granted at York, 24 June, 1648 (sic). 

Will of Sir George Barne, Knt., alderman of the City of 
London, 2 April, 1591, I will that my body be buried in the 
parish of St. Edmond the Kinge. I bequeath all that my lease, 
terms of years, state and interest in the manors and park of 
Beverly co. York, to Dame Anne, my wife, upon condition 
that she do yearly content and pay my brother, John Barne, 
of Willsdon, co. Middx., Esq* - . & Jane, his wife, such yearly 
rents or annuities as I have hitherto granted them, & that 
she do pay to Elizabeth Meverell, widow, a yearly annuity 
of £40 a year. If she fail in this performance, or on her 
death, I give the residue of the said estate to my three sons, 
Mark, Peter and Richard, on the conditions; if they fail to 
keep the said conditions, I give the same to my eldest son, 
William. Executrix : — Dame Anne, my wife. Signed : — 

The Garrard line begins with 
I. Tho. Gerrardi of Sittingborne in Kent. 
II. Lawrence Gerrard2. 

III. John Garrard3. 

IV. Williemus Garrard4 de Dorney in com: Buk[Bucks]miles, Maior 
London 1555. Sepult. in eccl'ia S'ci Magni [St. Magnus-the-Martyr] 
prope pontem London [married] Isabell da. of Julinus Nethermill of 
Coventry in com: Warr[Warwick] Gent. [Issue] (1) Sr. Will'm Garard5 
of Dorney, Knight, [married] Elizabeth da. of Tho. Rowe, Kt. Lo[rd] 
Mayor [by whom he had nine children named in the Visitation] ; (2) 
George Garrards 2[nd] son; (3) Sr. John Garrards 3[rd] son Knight, 
Maior of London; (4) Peter Garrards, 4[th] son; (5) Anne Garrards — 
See V. 

V. Anne Garrards, wife to George Barne sonne and heir to Sr. Geo. 
Barne, Knight. 

Sir William Garrard, lord mayor of London 1555-1556, and father 
Jf Anne, wife of Sir George Barne, the younger, was knighted in 1555 

Shaw's Knights of England; 1906; ii ; 69). He was a member of the 
Haberdashers Company and "dwelt in Pissing Conduit in Christopher's 
Parish and was buried at St. 'Magnus, in which parish he was born" 

Stow's Survey of London and Westminster; 6th ed. 1755; ii ; 279). In 
1571 there was probated the will of "Sir William Garrarde, knight, alder- 
man of London, of St. Magnus the Martir where I was borne ; [with 
possessions] in Sittingborne, Newington and Milton, Kent" (Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury Wills; 3 Draper). 

No attempt has been made to trace Julyan Nethersmyll of St. Michaell, 
Coventry whose will was probated in 1540 (Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury, 6 Alemger), and who was the father of Isabell, wife of Sir William 


George Barne. Witnesses : George Samwell, of London, pub- 
lic notary, John Savage, servant of the said notary, Thomas 
Willis. Proved: 20 January, 1592 [-3] by Alexander Serle, 
public notary, proctor to the executrix. 

Issue of Sir George Barne 3 (George 1 , George 2 ) and his wife Anne 
Garrard : 

1. Sir William Barne 4 of Woolwich, Knight. Born about 1568. 
Died 7 May, 1619. See post IV. 

2. George Barne 4 of St. Edmund's, London, and of Woolwich. 
Apparently unmarried. Estate administered 12 October, 1594, 
by his brother William Barne. {Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury Administrations, 1594). 

3. Francis Barne 4 of Woolwich. Administrator of his mother's 
estate and executor under the will of his brother Richard Barne. 
He was buried at St. Edmund's, Lombard Street, London. 
His will dated 23 May, 1629, and proved 29 May, 1634, has not 
been previously published {Prerogative Court of Canterbury 
Wills; Seagar, 44). I, Francis Barne of Woolwich, Kent, 
Esq. My body to the church parish in Lombard Street, Lon- 
don, in the vault where my deceased father Sir George Barne, 
Knight, lyeth. To the poor of Woolwich forty shillings. To 
my nephew Sir William Barne, Knight, son and heir of my 
deceased brother Sir William Barne, Knight, £200. To my 
Ould Lady Barne my sister in law, to my nephew Robert 
Barne, and to my neece my Lady Lovelesse forty shillings each 
for rings. To my sister Machell of Tungley [Tangley] forty 
shillings for a ring. To my neece Mary Powle, wife to David 
Powell of London, £20. To my cousin John Roulfe £10 with 
the bed, etc. he now lyeth on. Residue to my nephew George 
Barne son and heir to Marke Barne deceased. Said George 
Barne sole executor. To my adopted nephew Mr. Porter New- 
ton, Esq. twenty shillings for a ring. Witnesses : John Blunt, 
Thomas Lathbery. 

4. Thomas Barne 4 . Named in the Visitation of London, 1368 
[with addenda to 1687]. Apparently died unmarried before his 
father's death. 

5. John Barne 4 . Named in the Visitation of London 156S [with 
addenda to 1687]. Apparently died unmarried before his 
father's death. 

6. Mark Barne 4 . Named in the will of his father and of his 
brother Richard. Married and had issue George, Richard and 
Mary Barne. 

7. Peter Barne 4 . Named in his father's will 1591. 


8. Richard Barne 4 of Tangley, Surrey. Matriculated at St. John's 
College, Oxford, 12 July, 1588, aged 15 ; Bachelor of Arts 1591- 
Named in his father's will. Died 6 October, 1620,, and buried 
8 October, at Wonersh, Surrey. His will, dated 5 September, 
1620, proved 4 May, 1621 (Prerogative Court of Canterbury 
Wills; Dale, 38). He married, as her second husband, Eliza- 
beth Aungier, daughter of Sir Francis Aungier, 1st Lord 
Aungier, Master of the Rolls (Ireland). Her first husband 
was Symon Caryll, and her third husband John Machell. 

9. Anne Barne*. She married Walter Marley by license (Bishop 
of London) 17 July, 1584; she married secondly Sir Francis 
Aungier, 1st Lord Aungier of Longford as his second wife; 
he was the father of Elizabeth Aungier who married Richard 
Barne, aforesaid. 

IV. Sir William Barne 4 (George 1 , George 2 , George 3 ), of Wool- 
wich, Kent. Born about 1568, as he was aged 24 and more 28 Sep- 
tember 1593, when the inquisition post mortem upon his father's estate 
was itaken. He was knigted at Whitehall 23 July, 1603 (Shaw's 
Knights of England; 1906; ii ; 117). He is named in his father's will 
as the eldest son. He was the administrator of his mother's estate, 
1611-12, and is referred to in the will of his brother Francis Barne, 
dated 1629, as then deceased. He received the grant of a market at 
Woolwich 1 June, 1618. He subscribed and paid his subscription of 
£37-10-0 to the Second Virginia Company (Browns Genesis, p. 825). 
He died at Woolwich, 7 May, 1619, where an inquisition post mortem 
was taken, 22 October, 1619. Neither his will nor administration has 
been found. He married, about 1586, Anne Sandys, the daughter of 
Edwin Sandys, D. D., Archbishop of York in the reign of Elizabeth, 
by his second wife Cecily, daughter of Sir Thomas Wilford [Wilsford] 
of Cranbrook, Kent, knight. Sketches of the Sandys and Wilsford 
families will follow in a later paper. The family bible of the Arch- 
bishop shows that Anne Sandys was born 21 Junes, 1570 (Brown's 
Genesis, 992). The agreement of marriage was dated 11 May, 1586 
(see inquisition post mortem of Sir George Barne 3 ante). The monu- 
ment in the Woodham Ferrers church to her mother Cecily Sandys, 
which enumerates the latter's nine children, refers to her as "Ann her 
2nd daughter married to Sir William Barn of Woolwich". After the 
death of the first husband in 1619, she married sometime prior to 25 
August, 1625, Edward Poulter, esq., of Bradfield, Herts, whom she 
also outlived. The will of Edward Poulter, esq. of Bradfield, Herts, 
dated 25 August, 1625, and proved 2 May, 1626, in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury (Hele; 60) is lengthy document from which only 
a few quotations need be made here. He directs that he be buried in 
Collered chancel with an "inscription to be graven in quere brass". 


He refers to his first wife Mary Litton of Knebworth by whom he 
had seven sons and four daughters. He provides that "Arthur Pulter, 
my grandson and heir shall suffer Arrne, Lady Barne, wife of me the 
said Edward, peaceably to enjoy for the term of the said lady's life, 
one copyhold close of pasture called Stockins in Wymondley Magna, 
according to the time, intent, and meaning of the book of indenture 
of covenants, made touching the marriage of Litton Pulter, gent., son 
and heir of me the said Edward, and father of the said Arthur, and 
for provision of jointure for a second wife of the said Edward". The 
widow was living 23 May, 1629, when she is named in the will of 
Francis Barne 4 as "Ould Lady Barne, my sister in law" (see ante). 
She apparently returned to Woolwich to end her days, for her estate 
was administered upon 10 February, 1629 [-30] when a "commission 
was issued to Robert Barne [upon the estate of] Dame Anne Barne, 
late of the parish of Woolwich, co. Kent, widow, deceased to adminis- 
ter the goods, etc. of the said deceased." (Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury Administrations, 1630). It is interesting ,to note that in both 
of the above documents, the custom of the day is followed in referring 
to the woman, if she had been married more than once, by the name 
of the husband having the highest rank, and not by the name of her 
last husband, if he were of inferior rank. 

The inquisition post mortem upon the estate of Sir William Barne 4 , 
recently secured by the writer from the Chancery records, in the 
absence of a will, is of special interest : 

Inquisition taken at East Greenwich, co. Kent, 22 October, 
17 James [1619] upon the estate of Sir William Barne Kt. 
The jury says that the said Sir William was seised of the 
manor of Aeon in Plumstead, a capital messuage called 
"le Towerplace" in Woolwich, of various messuages and lands 
in Plumstead and Bexley in the occupation of divers (speci- 
fied) tenants, and of the manor of Calthorpe, co. Lincoln. 
All these premises he settled (under a fine levied in accord- 
ance with the terms of an indenture dated 10 Oct. 16 James 
I) on the marriage to be solemnized between Sir William 
Barne, Kt., his son and heir apparent, and Dorothy Manwood, 
second daughter of Sir Peter Manwood, Knight of the Bath; 
contingent remainders were thereby reserved in tail male for 
his other sons Robert, Thomas, Miles, John and George 
Barne. This marriage was afterwards celebrated. Anne, 
widow of Sir William in the writ named, is still living at 
Woolwich. Sir William died there 7 May, 17 James [1619]. 
Sir William Barne, his son and heir is aged 26 and more. 
(Chancery Inquisition Post-mortem, Series ii, Vol. 421, No. 


Issue of Sir William Barne 4 (George 1 , George 2 , George 3 ) and his 
wife Anne Sandys: 

i. Sir William Barne 5 of Woolwich. Knighted at Greenwich 29 
June, 1618. Aged 26, 7 May, 1619. Living and married before 
16 May, 1632, when he is named in his sister Anne Lovelace's 
will. Married Dorothy Man wood, daughter of Sir Peter Man- 
wood of St. Stephens, Canterbury, K. B., by Francis, daughter 
of Sir John Harte. Issue four sons. See also Visitation of 
Kent, 1619 (Harl. Soc. lxii ; 144). 

2. Robert Barne 5 of Great Grimsby, Lincoln. Married prior to 
16 May, 1632, Elizabeth Twisden daughter of Thomas Twisden 
of Wye, Kent. Issue eight children. 

3. Thomas Barne 5 of Woolwich. Died unmarried, and estate ad- 
ministered 24 March, 1629-30. 

4. Rev. Miles Barne 5 . Of Westminster School and M. A. of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, 1626. Rector of Bishopsbourne, 
Kent. Died November 1, 1670, aged 70. Married 1632 Jane 
Travers. Their eldest son, the Rev. Miles Barne, was chaplain- 
in-ordinary to Charles II, and died 1708. 

5. John Barne 5 . Died before 22 February, 1630-1. (Married 
Mildred ). 

6. George Barne 5 . Living and married 16 May, 1632. 

7. Anne Barne 5 . Born about 1590. Died 1633. Married 1st Sir 
William Lovelace, the younger; married 2nd Dr. Jonathan 
Browne. See post V. 

V. Anne Barne 5 (George 1 , George 2 , George 3 , William 4 ). She was 
apparently born between 1587 and 1592. She is named in the will of 
her uncle Francis Barne, dated 1629, as "my neece my Lady Love- 
lesse" to whom he leaves forty shillings for a ring (see ante). She 
married first, apparently about 1610, Sir William Lovelace, the younger, 
knight, of Bethersden and Woolwich, Kent, the son of Sir William 
Lovelace, the elder, knight, of Bethersden, and his wife Elizabeth 
Aucher, by whom she had issue five sons and three daughters, Richard 
Lovelace the poet, Thomas Lovelace, Francis Lovelace, governor of 
New York, William Lovelace, Dudley Lovelace, Anne Lovelace mar- 
ried the Rev. John Gorsuch, Joana Lovelace married Robert Caesar, and 
Elizabeth Lovelace married Daniel Hayne. Sir William Lovelace died 
12 August, 1627. His widow Anne (Barne) Lovelace married secondly 
Dr. Jonathan Browne. Crisp gives the date of this marriage as 20 
January, 1630, and says that the marriage took place at Greenwich 
{Visitation of England and Wales; Notes; vii; 121-9). By her second 
husband she had a daughter Anne Browne who married prior to 8 
April, 1645, Herbert Crofte, S. T. P. and D. D. Dr. Jonathan Browne 
was dean of Hereford in 1636 and canon of Westminster in 1639. He 


died December, 1643. His will was proved 8 April, 1645 {Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury; Oxford Wills, 1645). Her will probated as 
""Dame Lovelace now the wife of Jonathan Browne of London, Doctor 
of Laws", dated 15 May, 1632, and proved 22 May, 1633, and additional 
details in regard to her and her second husband have been printed in 
a previous paper (Va. Mag. xxviii ; 176-182). In this will the testatrix 
mentions her brothers Miles Barne, Sir William Barne, knight, Robert 
Barne, and George Barne, appointing the latter one of her executors, 
and referring to the wives of the last three named brothers. Full 
sketches of Sir William Lovelace, the younger, knight, his wife Anne 
Barne, and their several children, have already appeared in previous 
numbers of the Virginia Magazine (ibid. 176-187). 



The following is an abstract of the will of Thomas Corbin, father 
of the emigrant to Virginia: 

Thomas Corbyn, of Hall End, county of Warwicke, esq. 
Will dated 5 June 1637; proved 1 June 1638. Wheras have 
by deed 3 d of this present month of June, 13 th year of our 
Lord the King that nowe is, settled upon my truly and well 
beloved friends Sir John Repingham [Reppington?], William 
Purefry, esquire, John Dawkins, gent., and James Prescott, 
gent., for forescore and nynteen yeares to raise the portions 
of my younger sons and daughters. To Thomas my son and 
heir my landes in Hallensfeilde purchased from Sir Henry 
Goodacres in occupancy of Thomas Twelves and Francis 
Adkins and lands purchased of Thomas Orme of Fresley and 
Francis Nethersole of Pollesworth. My father, George Cor- 
bin, deceased, requested me to give 10 of his grandchildren 
£5 apiece and to 5 other Grandchildren £20 apiece when 21 
I give to Philip Dawkins, Anne, Elizabeth, Susan and Mary 
Dawkins, his grandchildren and children of said John Daw- 
kins, £5 each. To Jeffrey, George, Thomas, Katherine and 
Elizabeth, 5 of the children of said James Prescott and his 
[Geo. Corbin's] grandchildren, £5 apiece. To my 5 children, 
George. Henry, Gawin, Charles and Lettice Corbyn, £20 each. 
To my 4 younger sons when 24, George, Henry, Gawin and 
Charles, £400 each, and to daughter Lettice £800 when 21. 
Executors: Wife Winifrede, William Purefry, James Prescott, 
and Anketill Willington. To Cousin Purefry's wife £2. To 


servant Drakote and his wife the house they live in for their 
lives and Old Mary [sic] his wife their house. To the poor 
of Pollesworth £3. To sister Dawkins 5 marks. To poor of 
Willingcott £2. To brother James Prescott a bay nag. To 
brother Dawkins a ring. To Katherine Newman's son 20s. 
To Mrs Neale her mare. To Jane Lewis [2. To Apprentice 
Moll £2. Son Thomas to deal well with his cousin Hudson's 
wife. Witnesses : Thomas Lewinge, Gowen Grosvenor, Greg- 
ory Drakeford. P. C. C. 74, Lee. 

Thomas Corbin, the testator was born May 24, 1594 and died in 1638. 
He was son of George Corbin, of Hall End, and his wife, Mary, 
daughter of William Faunt, and married in 1620, Winifred, daughter 
of Gawin Grosvenor, of Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire. 

Following is an abstract of the will of his father-in-law, Gawin 
Grosvenor, who was aged 53 at the Visitation of 1619, and who married 
Dorothy, daughter of George Pudsey, of Langley, in the county of 
Warwick, Esquire: 

Gawen Grosvenor of Sutton Coldfield, county Warwick, 
Will 12 March 1625; proved 24 October 1626. To poor of 
Sutton Coldfield £10. To my daughter Katherine Grosvenor 
£333- 6. 8. over and above the 1000 marks which I have ap- 
pointed to be raised for her, so as she marry with the assent 
of Fowke Grosvenor her brother, Thomas Corbin her brother- 
in-law and with the assent of my kinsman Walter Grosvenor 
of Tetnall, Walter Payton, and Edward Newman, gent, or 
any two or three of them (her brother Fowke being one of 
the two or three). To George Corbyn my godson £20. To 
my daughter Winifred Corbyn my watch. To Judith Gros- 
venor my cosen Walter Grosvenor's wife £5 for a ring. To 
my cosen Judith Newman my table diamond ring. To either 
of my sisters Hester Thornebury and Henys Francke £5 
apeece. To William Newman £20. To Raphe Cooper my 
servant the house (now in occupation of Nicholas Evans) in 
Sutton for his life. To Barbara Lee £5. To the rest of my 
servants 20s. apeece. Residue to my said son Fowke Gros- 
venor sole executor. Thomas Corbyn, Walter Grosvenor, 
Walter Payton and Edward Newman Overseers. To my 
said son Thomas Corbyn £10 for his pains and of the rest 
of my Overseers £5 for their pans. "These being witnesses" 
(now named) P. C. C. Hele, 140. 


Grosvenor or Gravenor. 

In the Herald and Genealogist, V, 33 &c, is published a very care- 
fully studied pedigree of the family of Grosvenor or Gravenor, of 
High Gravenor, Shropshire, &c. Arms: Azure, a garb or between 
three bezants. 

Adam le Gravenor, temp. Edward I, was father by Margery, his 
wife, of a son William le Gravenor, of the parish of Claverly, Shrop- 
shire. His son, Richard le Gravenor is named in a recognisance (with 
Richard de la Broke and Thomas de la Broke, of Claverly) under 
Statute merchant in the Exchequer of Shropshire, 50 Edward III, 1376. 
By his wife Agnes, who died his widow in the reign of Richard II, 
seized of a messuage and yardland in Gravenor, he as the father of 
Richard Gravenor, of High Gravenor, who enjoyed the estate there 
after the death of his mother. His wife, Alice, in 8 Henry IV, settled 
a messuage and three nooks of land upon Henry Gravenor. She died 
1 Henry IV seized of free lands and tenements, which fell to John, 
heir of the aforesaid Henry, her grandson. Thomas (son of Richard 
and Alice Gravenor) to whom the High Gravenor estate stood limitted 
in 10 Richard II, had issue: 

1. Henry, eldest son died 14, Henry VI, leaving issue. 

2. William Gravenor, of Claverly. 

3. John Gravenor, ancester of the Grosvenors of Byshbury, became 
possessed of a freehold estate on the death of his grandmother, Alice, 
in 1 Henry V. His son Thomas Gravenor, in 5 Edward IV, was 
admitted to a messuage and a nook of land under the surrender of 
Richard Netherton, late the lands of John Gravenor. Thomas had 
issue William Gravenor, of Broughton in Calverley parish, who, by 
attorney, settled a messuage toft and one yard land upon Humphrey 
his son and Joyce his wife. 

This Humphrey was of Farncote in Claverley parish 22 Edward IV, 
and 1 Henry VIII, 1509. In 23, Henry VII he enjoyed freehold lands 
in Over Broughton, Rudding, Neither Broughton, Rudding, in the 
small heath of Broughton, Hattons Croft near Clayford, &c. By his 
wife Joyce, daughter and heir of Clerke, of Tetterhall, Staffordshire, 
[in other pedigrees said to have been a daughter and heiress of John 
Wells alias Clarke, of Tipton, Staffordshire] and had issue, with a 
daughter Margaret, wife of William Brooke of Claverley, the follow- 
ing issue: (1) John, of whom later, (2) Humphrey; (3) Richard, 
"clericus"; (4) Isabella, wife of Aline Whorwood ; (5) Margaret, 
wife of Thomas Brooke, of Chorley; (6) Jean, wife of Robert Colland, 
of Fleckenham, Worcestershire. 


The eldest son, John Grosvenor, gent., (as the name now began to 
be spelled), of Tettenhall, 1514, son and heir, who in 1525 was admitted 
to a messuage, toft and one yard land in Farncote to the use of his 
wife Rose and himself. He married Rose, daughter and co-heiress of 
John Clayton, of Harwood Parva, in the county of Lancaster (by Rose 
his wife daughter and heiress of Richard Bushbury or Byshbury, of 
Byshbury near Wolverhampton, Staffordshire) and became possessor 
of the manor of Bushbury. He was a justice and of the quorum. He 
liad issue: 

1. Walter, of Bushbury, who succeeded; 2. Henry, married Alice, 
daughter of Robert Whitgreave, of Burton, and d. s. p. 3 John, d. s. p. 
4. James, d. s. p. 5. Richard, d s. p. 6. Elizabeth married Thomas 
Newman, of Handsworth near Birmingham. 

Walter Grosvenor, of Bushbury, recorded his pedigree in the 
Visitation of 1585. He named Joyce, daughter of Roger Fowke, of 
Gunston, Staffordshire (arms: Vert, a fleurs de lis argent, quartering: 
azure a fesse wavy between 4 dolphins, argent, for Newman). He 
had issue: 1. ames, his successor at Bushbury; 2. Gawin, of Sutton 
Coldfield, Warwickshire, attorney in the Star Chamber, aged 53, 1619; 
married Dorothy, daughter of George Pudsey, of Langley, in the 
county of Warwick, Esquire. Gawin and Dorothy Grosvenor had issue : 

1. Fulk (Fowke) eldest son; 2. Job; 3. Gawin; 4. Winifred, married 
Thomas Corbin; 5. Katherine married Newman of Hands- 

An old record quoted in the Herald and Genealogist V, 427, states 
that "Winifrede Grosvenor born 29 Apl. being Monday, between 7 & 8 
o'clock in the morning, 1605." 


The following, from the Visitations, gives the direct lineal descent 
from the member of the family with whom the pedigrees begin, down 
to Dorothy Pudsey, who married Gawin Grosvenor: 

(1) Simon Pudsey, of Bolton-by-Bolland, is right of his wife, temp. 
Edward II; married Catherine, daughter of John de Bolton; (2) John 
Pudsey, of Bolton, 6 and 28 Edward III; (3) Henry Pudsey, of Bar- 
forth in right of his wife; married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of 
John Layton, Lord of Barford; (4) Sir John Pudsey, Knt., of Bolton 
and Barford, 3 Henry IV, killed at the battle of Beauge in France, 
1421; married Margaret, daughter of Sir William Eure, Knt., (by 
Maud, daughter of Lord Fitzhugh), after her husband's death lived at 
Beverley. Will 25 Dec. 1444, proved at York 7 Jan. 1444-5 (Test. 
Ebor. 11, 107) to be buried at Beverley; (5) Sir Ralph Pudsey, of 
Bolton and Barforth ; afforded asylum to Henry VI ; buried at Bolton, 
-where his tomb remains. Married first Margaret, daughter of Sir 


Thomas Tunstall, of Scargill, Knt. ; (6) Sir John Pudsey, of Bolton 
and Barforth ; died 12 Aug. 7 Henry VII, 1492, as appears by his Inq. 
P. M. ; married Grace, daughter of Lawrence Hamerton, Esq., of 
Hamerton; (7) Henry Pudsey, Esq., of Bolton. Will 6 Sept. 1517, 
proved 1 March following (Test. Ebor., V, 85), to be buried at Bolton; 
married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Conyers, of Hornby; buried 
at Bolton, 1500; (8) Rowland Pudsey, 3d son, of Ellesfield, Oxford- 
shire, married Edith, niece and heiress of John Hare, of Langley, War- 
wickshire; (9) Robert Pudsey, of Ellesfield, Oxfordshire, and Langley, 
Warwickshire, married Elinor, daughter of Henry Harman, of North- 
all, Warwickshire; (10) George Pudsey, of Langley, married Matilda, 
daughter of Humphrey Cotton, of Bolde, Staffordshire; (11) Dorothy 
Pudsey married Gawin Grosvenor. 

(To be continued) 



Virginia Historical Society 

JANUARY, 1921. 



Edward V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. 
(Acting President.) 

Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. 
Philip A. Bruce, University, Va. 

Corresponding .Secretary and Librarian, 

William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary, 

D. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee, 

Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. Daniel Grinnan, Richmond, Va. 

C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. J. P. McGuire, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

J. Stewart Bryan, Richmond, Va. Wm. A. Anderson, Lexington, Va. 

A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. Fairfax Harrison, Fauquier, Va. 

S. H. Yonge, Norfolk, Va. S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond, Va. 

Morgan P. Rorinson, Richmond, Va. 

J. Jordan Leake, Richmond, Va. 

and ex-officio, the President, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries 

and Treasurer. 


Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng. 


Bacon, H. P., Bury St. Edmund, Eng. 
Banks, Chas. E., M. D. 
Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 
Campeau, Hon., F. R. E., Ottawa, Can. 
Champlin, J. D., Jr., New York, NY. 
Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 
Hinke, Prof. W. J., Auburn, N. Y. 
Hoes, Rev. R. R., Washington, D. C. 

Judah, George P., Spanish Town, 

Nicholson, Col. J. P., Philadelphia, 

Richemond, Mons. Meschinet De, La 

Rochelle, Prance. 
Ross, Hon. D. A., Quebec, Can. 
Wright, W. H. K., Plymouth, Eng. 


Adams, Gilmer S., Louisville, Ky. 

Adams, Wm. Newton, Bridgehamp- 
ton, L. I. 

Alexander, H. M., New York, N Y. 

Ancell, Rev. B. L., Yangchow, China. 

Andrews, A. B. L, Jr., Raleigh, N. C. 

Bagnell, Mrs. Wm., St. Louis, Mo. 

Barratt, Judge Norris S., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Billings, C. K. G, New York, N. Y. 

Blackwell, Henry, New York, N Y. 

Blair, Mrs. Lewis H, Richmond, Va. 

Blankinship, Dr. J. W., Berkley, Cal. 

Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Jonathan, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Robert C, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, St. George, Richmond, Va. 

Bullitt, Dr. John C, Wayne, Pa. 

Bushnell, David I., Jr., Bureau of Eth- 
nology, Washington, D. C. 

Cabell, J. Alston, Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Col. H. C, U. S. A., Port- 
land, Oregon. 

Cameron, Miss Mary H, Richmond, 

Childers, Col. Gracey, Clarksville, 

Claiborne, Hamilton Cabell, London, 

Claiborne, Herbert A., Richmond, Va. 
Clement, Capt. H. C, U. S. A, Gov- 
ernor's Island, N. Y. 
Clements, Mrs. Helen I., St. Louis,Mo. 
Cocke, Lucian H, Ronoake, Va. 
Cook, Heustis P., Richmond, Va. 
Cox, Mrs. Wm. Ruff in, Richmond, Va. 
Deats, H. E., Flemington, N. J. 
Dooley, James H., Richmond, Va. 
Downman, R. H, New Orleans, La. 
Dulaney, Benjamin L., Washington, 

D. C. 
Earnest, Joseph B., 
Fothergill, Mrs. Robert, Richmond, 

Gary, J. A., Baltimore, Md. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., Newport, 

R. I. 
Glasgow, Arthur Graham, London, 

Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hanna, Charles A. Montclair, N. J. 



Harrison, Fairfax, Belvoir, Fauquier 

Co., Va. 
Harrison, Richard Fairfax, Belvoir, 

Fauquier Co., Va. 
Hill, C. K., Harriman, Tenn. 
Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 
Huntington, Archer M., Baychester, 

N. Y. 
Hutzler, Henry S., Richmond, Va, 

Hyde, James Hazen, Paris, France. 
James, Miss Ada, Chatham, Va. 
Jones, Judge Lewis H., Louisville, 

Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Kinsolving, Walter O., Austin, Tex. 
Lee, Edmund J., M. D., Philadelphia, 

Lee, W. H., St. Louis, Mo. 
Mason, Wm. Peyton, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Miller, Dr. J. L., Thomas, W. Va. 
Mitchell, Robert, Richmond, Va. 
Moriarty, G. Andrews, Providence. 

R. I. 
Morse, Willard S., Seaford, Del. 
McCabe, Col. E. R. Warner, U. S. A. 
McCabe, W. Gordon, Jr., Charleston, 

S. C. 
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 

Nolting, Miss Elizabeth Aiken, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Hotchkiss, Elmore D, Jr., Richmond, 


Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles L., Minnea- 
polis, Minn. 
Raborg, T. M. T., New York, N. Y. 
Richardson, D. C, Richmond, Va. 
Robinson, Morgan P., Richmond, Va, 
Rosser, Thomas L., Jr., Charlotts- 

ville, Va. 
Rucker, Mrs. Booker Hall, Rolla, Mo. 
Scott, Frederick W., Rchmond, Va. 
Scott, Winfleld, New York, N. Y. 
Sharp, Willoughby, Jr., New York,. 

N. Y. 
Stires, Rev. Ernest, M. D. D., New 

York, N. Y. 
Stone, Edward L., Roanoke, Va. 
Stubbs, Wm. C, New Orleans, La. 
Swanson, Hon. Claude A., Chatham* 

Sweet, Mrs. Edith M., St. Albans,. 

W. Va. 
Tedcastle, Mrs. Arthur W., Milton* 

Waterman, W. H., New Bedford,. 

Watson, Mrs. Alexander McKenzie, 

Annapolis, Md. 
Webb, W. Seward, New York, N. Y. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 
Willson, Mrs. Howard T., Virden, 

Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va* 
Winslow, H. M., Harriman, Tenn. 
Woodson, Captain R. S., U. S. A., St. 

Louis, Mo. 


Abney, John R., New York, N. Y. 
Adams, R. H. T., Jr., Lynchburg, Va. 
Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 
Adamson, Arthur L., Richmond, Va. 
Addison, E. B., Richmond, Va. 
Adkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 
Allen, Herbert F. M., Washington, 

D. C. 
Alsop, Albert B., Richmond, Va. 
Ambler, Ben. Mason, Parkersburg, 

W. Va. 
Ames, Mrs. Joseph S., Baltimore, Md 
Anderson, Archer, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, Charles C, Richmond, Va 
Anderson, General Charles J., Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Anderson, Col. Henry W., Richmond, 

Anderson, James Blythe, Lexington, 

Anderson, James H., Richmond, Va. 

Anderson, Mrs. L. C, Bainbridge, O. 

Anderson, W. A., Lexington, Va., 

Andrews, Prof. C. M., Yale Univer- 
sity, New Haven, Conn. 

Antrim, Hugh, Richmond, Va. 

Atkins, Mrs. G. W. E., New York, 
N. Y. 

Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 

Atwood, Lewis R., Louisville, Ky. 

Austin-Leigh, Richard A., London, 

Axtell, Decatur, Richmond, Va. 

Ayres, J. M., White Surohur Springs* 

♦This list includes subscribers to the Magazine. 



Baker, Mrs. Benjamin Franklin, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Baker, C. C, Tampico, Mexico. 

Bacon, Mrs. Horace S., North Middle- 
town, Ky. 

Bagby, Mrs. Parke C, Richmond, Va. 

Ball, James M., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Ballard, N. H., Brunswick, Ga. 

Barbour, John S., Washington, D. C. 

Barham, Dr. W. B., Big Stone Gap, Va. 

Barnum, Mrs. George, Winchester, 

Baskervill, P. H., Richmond, Va. 

Baskerville, Hamilton M., Richmond, 

Bates, Onward, Chicago, 111. 

Bates, S. E., Richmond, Va. 

Battle, George Gordon, New York, 
N. Y. 

Battle, Col. William A., Roanoke, Va. 

Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 

Beirne, Capt. Francis F., Richmond, 

Beirne, Richard F., Ashland, Va. 

Bell, Landon C, Columbus, Ohio. 

Bell, Robert O., Richmond, Va. 

Belmont, August, New York, N. Y. 
Bennett, R. R, Washington, D. C. 

Berry, Mrs. C. D., Nashville, Tenn. 

Best, Frank E., Chicago, 111. 

Beveridge, Hon. A. J., Indianapolis, 

Beverley, J. H. C, The Plains, Va. 
Beverley, R. Carter, Richmond, Va. 
Bidgood, George C, Richmond, Va. 

Blackstock, Ira B., Springfield, 111. 
Blair, A. Beirne, Richmond, Va. 

Blair, Miss Louisa Coleman, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Blake, John J., Richmond, Va. 
Block, Rev. Karl Morgan, Roanoke, Va. 
Bloomberg, Harold S., Richmond, Va. 

Blow, George P., La Salle, 111. 

Boatwright, Mrs. Gertrude F. H., 
Roanoke, Va. 

Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 

Boiling, Charles E., Richmond, Va. 

Booker, Mrs. Hunter R., Hampton, 

Bosher, Charles G., Richmond, Va. 

Bosher, Mrs. Robert S., Richmond, 

Boothe, Gardner L., Alexandria, Va. 
Bowe, Bruce, Richmond, Va. 
Bowe, Stuart, Richmond, Va. 
Bowling, Benjamin L., Chicago, 111. 
Bowyer, Dr. C. B., Stonega, Va. 
Boykin, Miss Anna B., Richmond, Va. 

Boykin, Edward C, Orange, N. J. 
Bradshaw, Mrs. C. W., Greensboro, 

N. C. 
Bradshaw, Mrs. Rosena, Paducah, 

Brady, Joseph P., Richmond, Va. 
Brame, Miss Lucile, Knoxville, Tenn. 
Branch, John K., Richmond, Va. 
Brockett, Albert D., Alexandria, Va. 
Brockington, Mrs. C. E., Charleston, 

S. C. 
Brodhead, Mrs. Lucas, Versailes, 

Brodnax, Dr. John W., Richmond, Va. 
Brooke, George D., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Brooke, Major Richard, Weston, W. 

Brooke, Robert T., Birmingham, Ala. 
Brooke, Dr. T. V., Sutherlin, Va. 
Brown, Eli H., Jr., Louisville, Ky. 
Brown, J. Thompson, Arrington, Va. 
Brown, J. Tompson, Richmond, Va. 
Brown, Wallace F., Richmond, Va. 
Bruce, Hon. C. M., Washington, D. C 
Bruce, Philip Alexander, University, 

Bruce, Mrs. Mary Howard, Baltimore, 

Bruce, William Cabell, Ruxton, Md. 
Bryan, George, Richmond, Va. 
Buchanan, Genl. J. A., U. S. A., Upper- 

ville, Va. 
Buchanan, John P., Marion, Va. 
Buckner, Dr. Leigh, Roanoke, Va. 
Budlong, Mrs. Milton J., New York, 

N. Y. 
Bullard, Mrs. B. F., Savannah, Ga. 
Bullitt, J. F., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bullitt, Wm. Marshall, Louisville, 

Burges, Richard F., El Paso, Texas. 
Burwell, D. S. Norfolk, Va. 
Butler, John Crosby, Rectortown, Va. 
Byrd, Samuel M., Brook Haven, 


Cabell, Henry Landon, Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Col. Julian M., U. S. A., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Cabell, Robert G., Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Royal E., Richmond, Va. 

Callaway, Fuller E., La Grange, Ga. 

Callahan, G. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Callery, Mrs. J. D., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Cameron, Col. Benehan, Stagville, 
N. C. 

Camp, William S., Washington, D. C. 



Campbell R. K., Washing-ton, D. C. 
Cannon, Arthur M., Richmond, Va. 
Cannon, Mrs. G. Randolph, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Cannon, James E., Richmond, Va. 
Caperton, Mrs. James W., Rich- 
mond, Ky. 
Capps, Dr. C. P., Meherrin, Va. 
Capps, Rear Admiral, W. L., U. S. 

N., Washington, D. C. 
Cargill, Mrs. T. A., Houston, Texas. 
Carlin, Hon. C. C, Alexandria, Va. 
Carpenter, Captain J. S., U. S. N., 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Carr, Clyde M., Lake Forest, 111. 
Carrington, Edward C, New York, 

N. Y 
Carrington, Richard W., Richmond, 

Carter, Spencer L., Richmond, Va. 
Cary, Hunsdon, Richmond, Va. 
Cary, Wilson M., Baltimore, Md. 
Caskie, James, Richmond, Va. 
Catlett, Mrs. Richard H, Staunton, 

Chalkley, John W., Big S'tone Gap, Va. 
Chamberlayne, Dr. Churchill G., Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Chandler, Dr. J. A. C, Williamsburg, 

Chandler, R. G, Chicago, 111. 
Chandler, Walter T., Chicago, 111. 
Chauncey, Mrs. Agnes C, Narberth, 

Chilton, W. B., Washington, D. C. 
Chowning, C. C, Urbanna, Va. 
Christian, Judge Frank P., Lynch- 
burg, Va. 
Christian, Judge Geo. L., Richmond, 

Christian, Stuart, Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Walter. Richmond, Va. 
Churchill, Charles S., Roanoke, Va. 
Claiborne, Dr. J. H., New York, N. Y. 
Claiborne, Mrs. Robert, New York, 

N. Y. 
Claiborne, Rev. W. S., Sewanee, 

Clark, Mrs. Edward H., New York, 

N. Y. 
Clark, W. Welch, Danville, Va., 
Clark. Wm. Hancock, New York, 

N. Y. 
Clark, Mrs. G. Harvey, Richmond, 

Clarke, Arthur B., Richmond, Va. 
Clarke, P. N., Louisville, Ky. 

Clement, Mrs. N. E., Chatham, Va. 
Clyde, W. P., New York, N. Y. 
Cobb, Wm. H, Elkins, W. Va. 
Coffin, Charles P., Brookline, Mass. 
Cohen, Mrs. Edward, Washington, D. C. 
Coke, John A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Coleman, Aylett B., Roanoke, Va. 
Coleman, J. T., Lynchburg, Va. 
Coleman, Charles W., Washington, 

D. C. 
Coles, Mrs. T. B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Colston, Edward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Compton, Key, Baltimore, Md. 
Compton, Dr. R. F., Charlottesville, Va. 
Connor, Judge H. G, Wilson, N. C. 
Coolidge, Archibald C, Cambridge, 

Cooper, Henry O'B., Washington, D. C. 

Cootes, Col. Harry N., U. S. A., Fort 

Meyer, Va. 
Corbitt, James H, Suffolk, Va. 
Corbin, Richard Beverley, New York, 

N. Y. 
Corbin, Richard W., 
Cotten, Bruce, Baltimore, Md. 
Cox, Edwin P., Richmond, Va. 
Coxe, Joseph W., Roanoke, Va. 
Cozzens, Federick B., Chicago, 111. 
Craddock, John W., Lynchburg, Va. 
Craig, Mrs. Lawrence R., Little Rock, 

Crawford, Dr. Joel, Gale, Va. 
Crawford, Mrs. W. H, Shepherdstown, 

W. Va. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 
Cridlin, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Crockett, R. H, Franklin, Tenn. 
Crump, Judge Beverley T., Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Crump, James D., Richmond, Va. 
Crump, Malcolm H, Bowling Green, 

Culleton, Leo., London, Eng. 
Cunningham, Mrs. Jennie M., Shelby- 

ville, Ky. 
Cunningham, Richard E., Richmond, 

Curry, Duncan, Staunton, Va. 
Cutchins, John A., Richmond, Va. 

Dabney, Dr. William M., Ruxton, Md. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H, University, 

Dance, Mrs. Russell, Corinth, Miss. 
Dandridge, Miss Mary E., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 



Darling, Mrs. Frank W., Hampton, 

Daughters, A. R., Washington, D. C. 

Davenport, Charles, Richmond, Va. 

Davies, H. Thornton, Manassas, Va. 

Davis, Arthur K., Petersburg, Va. 

Davis, Mrs. E. P., Columbia, S. C. 

Davis, W. O., Gainesville, Texas. 

Davis, Hon. Westmoreland, Loudoun 
Co., Va. 

Denham, Edward, New Bedford, 

Denoon, Harry L., Richmond, Va. 

Dew, Thomas R, Richmond, Va. 

Dickey, Judge Lyle A., Lihue, H. T. 

Dillard, Dr. James H., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Dobie, Major Armistead M., University, 

Doneghy, Mrs. John T., Macon, Mo. 

Doremus, Mrs. C. A., New York, 
N. T. 

Downing, Prof. George C, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Downing, Mrs. H. H, Front Royal, Va. 

Drewry Hon. P. H, Petersburg, Va. 

Driven, Mrs. James L., Bardstown, 

Duke, Frank W., Richmond, Va. 

Duke, Judge R. T. W., Jr., Char- 
lottesville, Va. 

Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 

Dupont, Col. H. A., Winterthur, Del. 

Duval, Mrs. Maria P., Charlestown, 
W. Va. 

Dwight, Dr. E. W., Boston, Mass. 

Eagon, Robert E., Dallas, Texas. 

Easley, J. C, Richmond, Va. 

East, John P., New York, N Y. 

Eaton, George G., Washington, D. C. 

Eckenrode, Dr. H. J., Richmond, Va. 

Edmunds, James K, Lynchburg, Va. 

Eggleston, Dr. J. D., Hampden-Sid- 
ney, Va. 

Ellegood, Dr. J. Atkinson, Wilmington, 

Eilerson, H. Watkins, Richmond, Va. 

Ellis, Wade H, Washington, D. C. 

Ellis, William A, Florence, Ala. 

Embry, Judge Alvin T., Fredricks- 
burg, Va. 

Empie, Adam, New York, N. Y. 

Eustace, Wm. Corcoran, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Evans, Miss Catherine, Richmond, 

Farrar, Edgar H., New Orleans, La. 
Fairfax, The Lord, London, England. 
Faulkner, C. J., Boydton, Va. 
Faulkner, John A., Lynchburg, Va. 
Fauntleroy, Col. Powell C, U. S. A., 

Charleston, S. C. 
Feild, W. P., Little Rock, Ark. 
Ferrell, Mrs. Chas. C, Anson, Texas. 
Fife, Prof. R. H, Middletown, Conn. 
Finch, Dr. A. T., Chase City, Va. 
Fishburn, J. B., Roanoke, Va. 
Fishburne, Judge John W., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 
Fitzhugh, Gen. Chas. L., Washington, 

D. C. 
Fletcher, William Meade, Sperry- 

ville, Va. 
Flickwir, David W., Roanoke, Va. 
Fountain, General S. W., U. S. A., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Frances, Mrs. Charles E., Bedford, 

Freeman, Dr. Douglas S., Richmond, 

French, Dr. Jno. Herndon, New York, 

N. Y. 
Frost, D. C, Lynchburg, Va. 
Fulkerson, S. V, Bristol, Va. 
Funsten, O. Herbert, Richmond, Va. 
Furlow, Floyd C, New York, N. Y. 

Gaines, C. Carrington, Ploughkeep- 
sie, N. Y. 

Gaines, Grenville, Warrenton, Va. 

Gaines, J. B., Leesburg, Fla. 

Garland, Spotswooa, Wilmington, 

Garnett, C. B., Washington, D. C. 

Garner, J. W., Falls Church, Va. 

Gibson, George A., Richmond, Va, 

Gibson, Richard, Alexandria, Va. 

Gilbert, Mrs. Wells, Oswego, Ore. 

Gilbert, Mrs. R. M., New York, N. Y. 

Gilbert, Prof. W. E„ East Radford, 

Giles, T. Peyton, Richmond, Va. 

Gilmore, Mrs. L. D., Sewickley, Pa. 

Gish, Miss Elizabeth, Lynchburg, Va. 

Glascock, B. Richards, Warrenton, Va. 

Glascock, Thomas B., Upperville, Va. 

Glencross, Reginald M., London, Eng- 

Glover, Rolfe E., Richmond, Va. 

Goddard, A. J., Freeport, 111. 

Good, D. Sayler, Roanoke, Va. 

Goodwin, Rev. E. L., Richmond, Va. 




Goodwin, Thompson W., Roanoke, Va. 
Goodwyn, Tyler, Montgomery, Ala. 
Goodwyn, Mrs. W. S., Emporia, Va. 
Gordon, Armistead C., Staunton, Va. 
Gordon, James W., Bon Air, Va. 
Gordon, Col. John W., Westhampton, 

Richmond, Va. 
Gordon, Hon. R. Lindsay, Louisa, Va. 
Gordon, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 
Gorsuch, Miss A., Washington, D. C. 
Graves, Mrs. W. W., Jefferson City, 

Gray, Henry W., Jr., Hartford, Conn. 
Grayson, Rear Admiral Cary T., U. S. 

N., Washington, D. C. 
Green, Lincoln, Washington, D. C. 
Gregg, Mrs. George M., Philadelphia, 

Gregory, George C, Richmond, Va. 
Gregory, Roger T., Tunstall's, Va. 
Griffith, Dr. R. S., Basic City, Va. 
Grinnan, Judge Daniel, Richmond, 
Grinnan, John C, Norfolk, Va. 

Grinnan, Miss Nina S 1 ., Woodbury For- 
est, Va. 
Grinnan, Dr. St. George T., Richmond, 

Groome, H. C, Warrenton, Va. 
Gunn, Julien, Henrico Co., Va. 
Guthrie, Major John D., Portland, Ore. 
Guy, H. I., Schenectady, N. T. 
Guy, John H., Richmond, Va. 

Haas, Judge T. N., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Hagner, A. Randall, Richmond, Va. 
Hairston, S. W., Roanoke, Va. 
Hall, Mrs. Prescott F., Brookline, 

Hall, Wilbur L., Richmond, Va. 
Halsey, Don P., Lynchburg, Va. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Amelia C, New 

York, N. Y. 
Hancock, John W., Roanoke, Va. 
Hardy, Miss Stella Pickett, Bates- 

ville, Ark. 
Harnsberger, Dr. Stephen, Catlett, Va. 
Harpel, Mrs. Almeda B., Des Moines, 

Harrington, Howard S., New York, 

N. Y. 
Harris, Alfred T., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Harris, John T., Jr., Harrisonburg, 

Harrison, Mrs. Carter H., Univer- 
sity, Va. 

Harrison, Geo. T., M. D., University, 

Harrison, Randolph, Lynchburg, Va. 
Harrison, Robert L., New York, 

N. Y. 
Harrison, Hon. Thomas W., Winches- 
ter, Va. 
Harrison, W. Gordon, Savanah, Ga. 
Harrison, W. Preston, Los Angeles, 

Hart, Hon. Harris, Richmond, Va. 
Hayden, Horace Edwin, Jr., Richmond 

College, Va. 
Hayes, John G., Richmond, Va. 
Hawes, S. H., Richmond, Va. 
Heatwole, Prof. C. J., Athens, Ga. 
Heath, James E., Norfolk, Va. 
Hempston, W. D., Leesburg, Va. 
Henning, Mrs. S. T., Shelbyville, Ky. 
Herndon, J. W., Alexandria, Va. 
Heyer, Mrs. Mary B., Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Hibbett, A. J., Hattiesburg, Miss. 
Hickey, James J., Richmond, Va. 
Higgins, Mrs. D. F., Joliet, 111. 
Higgins, Mrs. Joseph P., Indianapolis, 

Harrison, Hon* Francis Burton, 

Manila, P. I. 
Hill, Julien H., Richmond, Va. 
Hine, Col. Charles DeLano, U. S. A., 

Vienna, Va. 
Hite, Rev. Lewis F., Cambridge, 

Holladay, A. Randolph, Warminster, 

Holt, R. O., New York, N. Y. 
Hord, Rev. A. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Horsley, Dr. J. Shelton, Richmond, 

Houston, Mrs. E. M., Walton, Fla. 
Houston, Miss Martha K., Columbus, 

Howard, Mrs. Eleanor Washington, 

Washington, D. C. 
Howard, John, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Howard, Major McHenry, Balti- 
more, Md. 
Howard, N. T., Greenville, Tenn. 
Howell, Arden, Richmond, Va. 
Howerton, Thomas H., Waverley, Va. 
Hudgins, Russell W., New York, N. Y. 
Hughes, A. S., Denver, Col. 
Hull, D. D., Jr., Roanoke, Va. 
Hume, Mrs, Frank, Washington, 

D. C. 



Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, D. C. 
Hunter, E. P., Washington, D. C. 
Hunter, James W., Norfolk, Va. 
Hunton, Eppa, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hutcheson, H. F., Boydton, Va. 
Hutcheson, Mrs. J. C, Houston, Tex. 
Hutchinson, Cary T., New York, 

N. T 
Hutzler, Alvin B., Richmond, Va. 
Hyde, Mrs. John A., Dallas, Texas. 

Irvin, Miss Annie B., Richmond, Va. 

Jackson, E. H., Front Royal, Va. 
Jackson, G. Carlton, Richmond, Va. 
Jackson, H. W., Richmond, Va. 
Jaffe, Louis I., Norfolk, Va. 
James, Arthur W., Richmond, Va. 
Jameson, Mrs. S. W„ Roanoke, Va. 
Jameson, Mrs. Sydney B., Buchanan, 

Jarman, Prof. J. L., Farmville, Va. 
Jeffries, L. E., Washington, D. C. 
Jeffress, T. F., Drewry's Bluff, Va. 
Jenkins, Luther H., Richmond, Va. 
Jerman, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Jett, Rt. Rev. Robert Carter, Roanoke, 

Jewett, W. K., Passadena, Cal. 
Johnson, B. F., Wshington, D. C. 
Johnson, Mrs. R. B., Cleveland, Miss. 
Johnston, James D., Roanoke, Va. 
Johnston, Miss Mary, Warm Springs, 

Jones, H. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, Meriwether, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, Mrs. Richard, Atlantic City, 

N. J. 

Jones, Mrs. Richard, New Orleans, 

Jones, S. Bruce, Bristol, Va. 
Jones, T. Catesby, New York, N. Y. 
Jones, W. Strother, Red Bank, N. J. 
Jordan, R. L., East Radford, Va. 
Joynes, Levin, Richmond, Va. 
Judkins, Lewis M., Richmond, Va. 
Junkin, Francis T. A, Chicago, 111. 

Keyser, William F., Luray, Va. 
Kinnier, Miss Josephine P., Lynchburg, 

Kirby, Judge Samuel B., Louisville, 

Kirk, Henry J., Bertrand, Va. 
Klemm, Mrs. J. G., Jr., Haverford, 


Lamb, Brockenbrough, Richmond, Va. 
Lamb, Mrs. E, T., Norfolk, Va. 
Lacy, Samuel W., Washington, D. C. 
Lambert, Mrs. W. H., Germantown, 

Lancaster, R. A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Landis, John T., Washington, D. C. 
Lanier, Miss Roberta M., Danville, Va. 
Larus, Mrs. Lewis G., Richmond, Va. 
Lassiter, Brig. Gen. William, U. S. A, 

Camp Knox, Ky. 
Lawrence, Mrs. Graham, Shelbyville, 

Lea, John P., Richmond, Va. 
Leake, J. Jordan, Richmond, Va. 
Leake, Walter, Richmond, Va. 
Lee, Blair, Silver Springs, Md. 
Lee, Henry E., Crewe, Va. 
Lee, Col. R. E., Jr., Fairfax Co., Va. 
Legters, Mrs. L. L., Bishopville, S. C. 
Leigh, Egbert G., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Lester, J. Calvin, Kansas City, Mo. 
Lewis, Charles, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Lightfoot, John B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Lloyd, Mrs. Arthur S., White Plains, 

N. Y. 
Lodge, Hon. H. C, Washington, D C. 
Locke, Victor Murat, Antlers, Okla. 
Long, A. R., Lynchburg, Va. 
Long, Ernest M., Richmond, Va. 
Long, E. McL., New York, N. Y. 
Loyall, Captain B. P., Norfolk, Va. 
Lucado, Mrs. Margaret S., Lynchburg, 

Lukeman, H. Augustus, New York, 

N. Y. 
Lunsford, Charles I., Roanoke, Va. 
Lyon, Mrs. Heber N., St. Paul, Minn. 

Kable, Mrs. W. G., Staunton, Va. 
Keach, Mrs. O. A., Wichita, Kan. 
Kegley, Judge W. B., Wytheville, Va. 
Kemper, Charles E., Staunton, Va. 
Kemper, E. H, Alexandria, Va. 
Keith, Thomas R, Fairfax, Va. 

Machen, Lewis H, Richmond, Va. 
Maher, N. D., Roanoke, Va. 

Mallory, Col. J. S., U. S. A. Lexington, 

Manson, N. C, Jr., Lynchburg, Va, 
Markham, George D., St. Louis, Mo. 
Mason, Mrs. Frank T., Atlanta, Ga. 


Massie, Eugene C, Richmond, Va. 

Massie, Paul, Roanoke, Va. 

Massie, Robert, Lynchburg, Va. 

Mastin, Mrs. George R., Lexington, 

Maupin, Mrs. William S., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Matthews, Albert, Boston, Mass. 

Maury, C. W., Noroton, N. Y. 

Mayo, E. C, Richmond, Va. 

Mercer, Mrs. William P., Elm City, 
N. C. 

Meredith, Charles V., Richmond, Va. 

Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, Shreveport, 

Merrill, Mrs. Lida W., Terre Haute, 

Meyer, Mrs. August R., Kansas City, 

Michael, C. Edwin, Roanoke, Va. 

Michie, Thomas J., Charlottesville, 

Mickley, Miss Minnie P., Allentown, 

Middleton, Maury, Washington, D. C. 

Miller, Dr. Clifton M., Richmond, Va. 

Miller, Dr. E. Howe, Danville, Va. 

Miller, H. W., Washington, D. C. 

Miller, Rudolph P., New York, N. Y. 

Minnigerode, Charles, Baltimore, Md. 

Minor, Benj. S., Washington, D. C. 

Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 

Moncure, James A., Richmond, Va. 

Montague, Hill, Richmond, Va. 

Moore, Maurice, Lynchburg, Va. 

Moore, Hon. R. Walton, Fairfax, Va. 

Moore, Dr. S. B., Alexandria, Va. 

Moore, Warner, Richmond, Va. 

Moore, William A., Jr., Alexandria, Va. 

Morgan, Dr. Daniol H., Lanesville, 
N. Y. 

Morris, L. Z., Richmond, Va. 

Morton, Richard Lee, Williamsburg, 

Morton, W. S., Charlotte C. H., Va. 

Morton, W. Waller, Richmond, Va. 

Mosby, Mrs. J. B., Richmond, Va. 

Munce, John S., Richmond, Va. 

Munford, Mrs. Beverley B., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Munford, R. B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Murrell, W. M., Lynchburg, Va. 

Myers, Barton, Norfolk, Va. 

Myers, Lilburn T., Richmond, Va. 

McAdams, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 

McAllister, J. T., Hot Springs, Va. 
McBryde, Dr. J. M., Blacksburg, Va. 
McCabe, Mrs. W. Gordon, Richmond, 

McCarthy, Frank J., Richmond, Va. 
McConnell, Prof. J. P., Radford, Va. 
MacCorkle, Hon. W. A., Charleston, 

W. Va. 
McCorkle, Walter L., New York, 

N. Y. 
McCormick, Harold F., Chicago, 111. 
McCormick, Robert H., Jr., Chicago, 

McCutcheon, Mrs. B. B„ Clifton, 

Forge, Va. 
McFall, James, Philadelphia, Pa. 
McGroarty, W. B„ Falls Church, Va. 
McGuire, Dr. Edward, Richmond. Va. 
McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, 

McGuire, Dr. Hugh, Alexandria, Va. 
McGuire, John Peyton, Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Murray M., Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Dr. Stuart, Richmond, Va. 
Mclntire, Paul G., Charlottesville, Va. 
McKinney, Mrs. Roy W., Paducah, 

Mcllwaine, Dr. H. R., Richmond, Va, 
Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg, Va. 
Mcintosh, Charles F., Norfolk, Va. 
McNeil, Mrs. Walter S., Richmond, 

Neale, S. C, Washington, D. C. 
Neilson, Miss Lou, Oxford, Miss. 
Nelson, Leon M., Richmond, Va. 
Neville, Mrs. Robert, Upperville, Va. 
Neville, Maj. Gen. Wendell C, U. S. 

M. C, Washington, D. C. 
Newbill, Col. Willard D., U. S. A., 

Fort Grant, 111. 
Nicholls, Col. Maury, U. S. A., Nor- 
folk, Va. 
Nicklin, Maj. B. P., U. S. A., Camp 

Benning, Ga. 
Nixon, Lewis, Metuchen, N. J. 
Noland, Miss Charlotte B., Middleburg, 

Nolting, Frederick E., Richmond, Va. 
Norman, Charles T., Richmond, Va. 
Norvell, Mrs. Lipscomb, Beaumont, 

Nowlin, Miss Chloe W., Lynchburg, Va. 

O'Connell, Rt. Rev. D. J., Richmond, 



Old Dominion Press, Inc., Richmond, 

Oliver, Rear Admiral James H., U. S. 

N, Shirley, Va. 
Oliver, Mrs. R. B., Cape Guardean, Mo. 
Osborne, W. L. H., Glide, Oregon. 
Otey, Mrs. Dexter, Lynchburg, Va. 
Outerbridge, Mrs. A. J., Easton, Md. 
Owens, Robert B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pace, James B., Richmond, Va. 
Page, Miss Gabriella, Richmond, Va. 
Page, Mrs. Mann, Elizabeth, N. J. 
Page, S. Davis, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Page, Hon. Rosewell, Beaver Dam, Va. 
Page, Hon. Thomas Nelson, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
Palmer, E. A., Richmond, Va. 

Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, 

Parham, E. F., Clarendon, Va. 

Parker. Col. John, Browsholme Hall, 
Clethiroe, Lancashire, Eng. 

Parks, Mrs. Roscow, Marion, 111. 

Parrish, John B. t Richmond, Va. 

Parrish, J. Scott, Miniborya, Chester- 
field Co., Va. 

Patteson, S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 

Paxton, T. B., Jr., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Payne, D. A., Lynchburg, Va. 

Payne, John B., Washington, D. C. 

Payne, Marshall John, Staunton, Va. 

Pegram, Henry, New York, N. Y. 

Pegram, Lt.-Col. John C, U. S. A., 
Washington, D. C. 

Pegram, Robert Baker (3d), Atlanta, 

Penn, George E., Abingdon, Va. 

Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 

Pennington, Robert L. f Bristol, Va. 

Pescud, Peter F., New Orleans, La. 

Peterkin, Mrs. George W., Parkers- 
burg, W. Va. 

Peters, Dr. Don Preston, Lynchburg, 

Pettigrew, Mrs. C. D., Pine Bluff, 

Pettus, William J., M. D., U. S. 
Marine Hospital Service, Char- 
leston, S. C. 

Peyton, Dr. Charles E. C, Pulaski, Va. 

Phillips, E. Raleigh, Richmond, Va. 

Pinckney, C. C, Richmond, Va. 

Pleasants, Edwin, Richmond, Va. 

Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Baltimore, 

Plummer, J. Harvey, Petersburg, Va. 
Poindexter, W. W., Lynchburg, Va. 
Pollard, Henry R., Richmond, Va. 
Pollard, Henry R., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Prentiss, Judge R. R., Suffolk, Va. 
Price, James H, Richmond, Va. 
Priddy, Dr. A. S., Colony, Va. 

Ramey, Mrs. Alice Lewis, Brown- 
wood, Texas. 

Ramsey, Dr. R. T., Gretna, Va. 

Randolph, Archibald C, Bluemont, Va. 

Randolph, Mrs. Robert Lee, Alex- 
andria, La. 

Reed, P. L., Richmond, Va. 

Reid, Prof. Legh W., Haverford, Pa. 

Richards, J. Donald, Warrenton, Va. 

Richardson, Albert Levin, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Richardson, Mrs. Malbon, Upperville,. 

Richardson, Wm. D., Richmond, Va. 

Ridgeley, Mrs. Jane, Chicago, 111. 

Riely, Henry C, Richmond, Va. 

Rives, Mrs. W. C, Washngton, 
D. C. 

Rixey, C. J., Jr., Washington, D. C. 

Roberson, Mrs. J. Fall, Cropwell, 

Roberts, Mrs. James A., Marietta, 

Robertson, Judge Thos. B., Hopewell,. 

Robins, Dr. C. R., Richmond, Va. 

Robinson, Alexander G, Louisville, 

Robinson, Judge C. W., Newport, 
News, Va. 

Robinson, P. M., Clarksburg, W. Va. 

Rockenback, Col. Samuel D., U. S. A., 
Camp Meade, Md. 

Rogers, Rev. George Floyd, Lynch- 
burg, Va. 

Royster, Dr. L. T., Norfolk, Va. 

Ruffm, E. Lorraine, Richmond, Va. 

Russell, Charles W., Washington, D. C 

Ryan, Thos. F, Oak Ridge, Va. 

Sands, Alexander H., Richmond, Va. 
Sands, Oliver J., Richmond, Va. 
Saunders, Hon. John R., Saluda, Va. 
Savage, N. R., Richmond, Va. 
Saville, Charles O., Richmond, Va. 
Scherr, Henry, Williamson, W. Va. 
Schmidt, Herman C, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Alexander V, Rosedale, Miss. 



Scott, George Cole, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Rev. John Garlick, Richmond, 

Scott, Robert E., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, W. W., Orange, Co., Va. 
Scott, Walker, Richmond, Va. 
Shanks, Major Gen. David C., U. S. A., 

Boston, Mass. 
Shearer, W. B., New Orleans, La. 
Shelton, Thos. W. Norfolk, Va. 
Shepherd, Dr. Wm. A., Richmond, Va. 
Shewmake, Oscar L., Surry, Va. 
Shine, Dr. Francis Eppes, Bisbee, 

Shipley, Mrs. Walter, St. Louis, Mo. 
Sigman, Mrs. M. L., Montioello, Ark. 
Sim, John R., New York, N. Y. 
Sitterding, Fritz, Richmond, Va. 
Skinker, Mrs. William, The Plains, Va. 
Slaughter, J. W., The Plains, Va. 
Smith, Austin, Middletown, Ohio. 
Smith, A. D., Fayetteville, W. Va. 
Smith, Alda L., Belton, S. C. 
Smith, Capt. Boyd, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Miss Edith W., Denver, Col. 
Smith, Dr. F. H., Abingdon, Va. 
Smith, Guy A., Cedar Falls, Washing- 
Smith, Capt. G. Tucker, U. S. N., Pen- 

sacola, Florida. 
Smith, H. M., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Mrs. Marsden C, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Capt. R. C, U. S. N„ Summit, 

N. J. 
Smith, Thomas J., Richmond, Va. 
Smoot, W. A., Alexandria, Va. 
Southall, Rev. S. O., Dinwiddle, Va. 
Spilman, Gen. B. W., Warrenton, Va. 
Stanard, W. G., Richmond, Va. 
.Statham, Miss Mary B., Washington, 

D. C. 
Staton, Mrs. James G., Williamston, 

N. C. 
Stechert & Co., New York, N. Y. 
Steele, Charles, New York, N. Y. 
Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 
Stern, General Jo. Lane, Richmond, 

Stettinius, Mrs. E. R., New York, 

N. Y. 
Stevens, B. F. and Brown, London, 

Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Miss E. Hope, Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Miss Norma, Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Miss Lucy W., Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Rev. J. Calvin, Richmond, 

Stewart, J. A., Louisville, Ky. 
Stiles, Mrs. Barnett, Medina, Texas. 
Stone, Dr. Harry P., Roanoke, Va. 
Stone, Miss Lucie, P., Hollins, Va. 
Stoner, Mrs. R. G., Mt. Sterling, Ky. 
Stratton, Miss Hattie R, Chattanooga, 

Straus, Arthur L., Richmond, Va. 
Straus, Milton J., Richmond, Va. 
Stringfellow, Blair B., Richmond, Va. 
Strother, Henry, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Strother, James French, Welch, W. 

Strother, Hon. P. W., Pearisburg, 

Sutton, Frank T., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
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Neck, Va. 

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mond, Va. 

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Taylor, Dr. Fielding L., New York, 
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H., Va. 

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Taylor, John M., Richmond, Va. 

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Terhune, Mrs. E. T., New York, N. Y. 

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Thomas, Miss Ella M., Norfolk, Va. 

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Thompson, Mrs. Wells, Houston, 

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Thornton, R. G., Richmond, Va. 



Throckmorton, C. Wickliffe, 

Thruston, R. C, Ballard, Louisville, 

Tidball, Prof. Thomas A., Sewanee, 

Tiffany, Mrs. Louis McLane, Bal- 
timore, Md. 

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don, Va. 

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coma Park, D. C. 

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mond, Va. 

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Walker, Norvell B., Rchmond, Va. 
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Waller, E. P., Schenectady, N. Y. 

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Wallerstein, Morton L., Richmond, Va. 

WarHeld, George E„ Alexandria, Va. 

Warren, George W., Westhampton, Va.. 

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Waters, J. S. T., Baltimore, Md. 

Watkins, R. Walter, Jr., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Watts, R. T., Jr., Lynchburg, Va. 

Wattson, W. Gray, Richmond, Va. 

Wayland, Prof. J. W., Harrisonburg, 

Weaver, Aubrey G., Front Royal, Va. 

Weddell, Hon. Alexander W., U. S. 
Consul General, Calcutta, India. 

Wellford, B. Rand, Richmnd, Va. 

Welles, Mrs. Paul T., New York, 
N. Y. 

West, Mrs. H. L., New York, N. Y. 

White, Judge B. D., Lynnhaven, Va. 

White, Rev. H. A., Columbia, S. C. 

White, J. B., Kansas City, Mo. 

Whitner, Charles F., Atlanta, Ga. 

Whitridge, Mrs. Wm. H, Baltimore,. 

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Wiley, Dr. R. M., Salem, Va. 

Willard, Mrs. Joseph E., American 
Embassy, Madrid, Spain. 

Williams, E. A., Baltimore, Md. 

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Williams, Mrs. F. L., Bristol, R. I. 

Williams, Langbourne M., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Williams, Lewis C, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Walter A., Jr., Richmond, 

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Willis, Dr. A. Murat, Richmond, Va. 

Willis, George B., Washington, D. C. 

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Winston, F. G, Minneapolis, Minn. 

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Winston, W. O., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Wise, Mrs. Barton H, Richmond. Va. 

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Wise, Col. Jennings C, Washington, 
D. C. 

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ington, D. C. 

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Withers, Alfred D., Roane's, Va. 



Wood, Waddy B., Washington, D. C. 
Woodhull, Mrs. Oliver J., San Antonio, 

Woodward, Jesse M., New York, N. Y. 
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Wynn, P. S., New York, N. Y. 

Wynn, Mrs. James O., Atlanta, Ga. 
Wysor, Harry R., Muncie, Ind. 
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Mr. Reginald M. Glencross 

LONDON S. W. 19, ENG. 

Undertakes Pedigree Work and all 
kinds of Record Searching. 

In order to qualify himself for this profession Mr. 
Glencross studied History at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, from 1896-9 to 1899, when he took Honours 
in the Historical Tripos and his B. A. degree. For 
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the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, where he had ex- 
perience in the practical side of historical research. 
In 1905 he passed the Law Tripos at Cambridge and 
took his LL B., and subsequently satisfied the Exam- 
iner in Palaeology and Diplomatic at the London 
School of Economics, being one of the four who did so. 

Fees — In Advance. 

For work in London, 1 guinea (about $5.00) per day. 
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money is exhausted. Any balance remaining in hand 
will be returned. 

If you have found your Emigrant Ancestor 
why be content to stop there? 

$5.00 per Annum Single No. $1.50 







VOIi. XXIX— No. 

APRIL, 1921 


Entered at the Postoffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter 

109 Governor Street, Richmond, Va. 






1 Letters from William and Mary College, 1798-1801.. 129 

2 Swiss Colonies in the Valley of Virginia 181 

3 Swiss and German Colony in Western part of Va 183 

4 Letter from Andrew Jackson to R. K. Call 191 

5 Virginia War History Commission Supplement 193 

6 Notes and Queries 225 

7 Genealogy 227 

(Lovelace and Corbin Families) 

8 Book Reviews 252 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXIX April, 1921 No. 2 

COLLEGE, 1798-1801 

Joseph Shelton Watson to David Watson 

We are indebted to Mr. Thomas S. Watson, of Charlottes- 
ville, for permission to copy and publish the following letters 
written to his grandfather David Watson, of Louisa county, 
by a younger brother, Joseph Shelton Watson. With the 
exception of the first letter from Robertson's school — evi- 
dently that kept in Albemarle county by John Robertson, 
father of the late Judge W. J. Robertson, — one from Rich- 
mond written during one of his trips to College, and another 
from Washington, all are from Williamsburg. 

These brotherly correspondents were two of the several sons 
of Major James Watson, of "Ionia", Louisa county, and his 
wife Elizabeth Shelton. 

Joseph Shelton Watson was born April 6, 1780, and died 
September 23, 1805. After taking an academic course at 
William and Mary he studied law there ; but, as the date shows, 
he died in early manhood. 

Major David Watson married Sally, daughter of Garrett 
Minor, Feb. 19, 1801, and left descendants, Mr. Thos. S. Wat- 
son being his grand son. Major David Watson was an Alum- 


nus (A. B.) of William and Mary College, having graduated 
in 1797. He prepared himself for the Bar, and practised his 
profession as a lawyer in Louisa and adjoining counties. He 
was early and often in public life, as a member of the Legis- 
lature from Louisa Co. ; was elected to the Constitutional 
Convention of 1829-30; but ill health prevented his attend- 
ance. He commanded a troop of Cavalry which was called to 
the field in the War of 1812-14, and was on duty below Rich- 
mond. He was promoted to a majority whilst in the service. 
Mr. Wirt was one of his military associates, and mentions him 
in a letter to be seen in Kennedy's Life of Wirt, as beguiling 
the tedium of camp life by quoting from Shakespeare every 
thing worth hearing. He (Major Watson) was a contributor 
to "The Old Bachelor" over the signature of "John True- 
name" and the 33d number is by Major Watson though it 
appears as anonymous; and by Walsh, who reviews "The Old 
Bachelor", is regarded "as the masterpiece". Major Watson 
was a member of the first board of visitors to the U. of Va. 
when it was "Central College". Major Watson's home was 
"Bracketts", Louisa county. His descendants have well up- 
held his high reputation. One David Watson enlisted at the 
beginning of the War Between the States, in the Richmond 
Howitzers, rose to the rank of major and was killed at Spotsyl- 
vania Court House. Five Magruder brothers, grandsons of 
Major Watson, of "Bracketts", entered the Confederate Army, 
and only one survived the war, he losing an arm. Rear 
Admiral David Watson Taylor, present chief of the Bureau of 
Construction of the Navy, who did such admirable work 
during the recent war, is also a descendant. 

Another brother of Joseph and David Watson was Dr. 
George Watson, long a very distinguished physician. He 
studied at William and Mary, and received his medical train- 
ing at Philadelphia, Paris, Edinburgh, &c. >He removed to 
Richmond and bought the fine old house (designed by Robert 
Mills) at the corner of Franklin and Sixth streets, now the 
residence of his granddaughter, Miss Ann Watson Archer. 

Hie Watsons owned several fine estates in the fertile Green- 
springs section of Louisa county. In R. A. Lancaster's "His- 


toric Homes and Churches of Virginia", pp. 209-214, is an 
account, with illustrations, of several of them. 

Brother David, September 7 th '96 

I have long thought, as you do, that our time could not be 
more advantageously employed than in carrying on a free and 
intimate correspondence with one another. At least that time 
could not be spent with greater advantage to me. And not- 
withstanding that I have been always fully convinced of this, 
I have never given sufficient encouragement to such a corre- 
spondence but have been guilty of a backwardness and negli- 
gence which is almost inexcusable; and which perhaps you 
have considered with some degree of dissatisfaction. But 
from this negligence of mine, do not conclude that I am care- 
less about receiving letters from you; for I declare to you 
sincerely, that there are few things which give me equal satis- 
faction, and that I may more frequently enjoy this satisfaction, 
I now promise you that you shall not have so much cause of 
complaint hereafter. 

When I saw you at home the time before the last you de- 
sired me to send you a translation of the Amours of Apollo 
with Leucothoe, from the fourth book of Ovid's Metamor- 
phoses. The following is a literal translation of it. Perhaps 
too literal to read to advantage. It begins with a description 
of Appollo's passion, and then goes on to tell the stratagem 
which he made use of in order to obtain an interview. 

*"Of what avail oh son of Hyperion, are now your beauty, 

* This schoolboy's translations suggest the question, what was the 
teaching, before i860, which made men love Latin and Greek as liter- 
ature and not as mere class-room tasks, and enabled so many to read, 
at least Latin, with ease throughout their lives? We all know how 
short a time, now, the average college man holds his Latin and Greek. 
Every one in Virginia, and no doubt in other parts of the country, whose 
memory of such matters goes back forty years can recall men who read 
Horace and Virgil for their own entertainment as they would English 
books they liked. Many of these men had, according to modern stand- 
ards, no very scholarly training, but notwithstanding, they loved the 
classics and could and did read them. The question is for profes- 
sionals to answer; but laymen can vouch for the facts. 


heat and radiant eyes? You, who diffuse your heat to the most 
distant extremities of the universe, are burnt yourself, by an- 
other flame. You, who should cast your eyes to every quarter 
of the globe, keep them now fixed on Leucothoe alone. Some- 
times you rise too early in the east, at other times you set too 
late in the west, and wasting your time in contemplating Leu- 
cothoe, draw out too long the chilly days of the winter. At 
other times again you lose yourself intirely ; and involving 
your eyes in the defects of your mind, with darkness terrify 
the hearts of men. Nor is it the cause of any uneasiness to 
you, that, by approaching too near to the earth, you are in 
danger of interrupting the moon in her course. Leucothoe 
is now your only care. Neither Clymene, Rhodos, nor the 
beautiful Persa are any longer regarded by you ; nor even the 
lovely Clytie herself, who, though despised, still strove to 
please you : even at a time when you were devoted to another. 
For Leucothoe you abandoned many other mistresses, Leu- 
cothoe, the daughter of Eurynome, who was as far surpassed 
by her daughters in beauty, as she herself surpassed all others. 
Her father Orchomas the seventh descendant from the an- 
cient Belus, was king of that part of Arabia called Achemonia. 
In these western regions are situated those pastures in which 
the horses of Sol, when fatigued by their labours of the day, 
eat of the food of Ambrosia; and are refreshed and strength- 
ened again for their diurnal employment. Here, while his 
horses were eating upon this celestial food and the night per- 
forming its course Apollo, in the shape of Eurynome, entered 
the apartment of Leucothoe and found her spinning with her 
handmaids. As soon as the first salutations had passed be- 
tween them, he told her that he had some matter of secrecy 
to impart to her and ordered the maids to leave the house. As 
soon as they had left the house and all witnesses were re- 
moved, Apollo made himself known, and avowed his passion. 
Leucothoe at first was much frightened. The distaff which 
she held fell from her fingers which were relaxed with fear. 
But fear itself added new luster to her beauty. Apollo, in- 
capable of delay, assumed his true form, and appeared in his 
native beauty. When the virgin, though terrified at the tin- 


expected appearance, was incapable of withstanding his charms. 
Clytie (for whom Apollo's love was great) stimulated by 
envy, and a desire of revenge, published the action to the 
world, and told it even to Leucothoe's father. He cruel and 
inexorable to all her entreaties, and deaf to all the declarations 
which she made that the disgrace had been brought on her by 
violence, buried her alive, and raised over her body a mount 
of sand. Apollo more greived at her death than at any mis- 
fortune which had befallen him since the death of Phaeton, dis- 
sipated the sand from over the body, and endeavored to restore 
it to life. But being unsuccessful in this, he sprinkled her body 
and the place where she was buried with the juice of necter, 
which caused the herb Hilantropium to spring up as a monu- 
ment to her memory." 

Ovid, in that part of the story where he descends from his 
passionate address [torn] Apollo and relates the parentage of 
Leucothoe, appears to verify what Mr. Blair, in his lectures, 
says of the difficulty of descending from the sublime and the 
passionate to the moderate and the calm, without breaking off 
with too much abruptness. From this cause I found it very 
difficult to translate. And now it seems to be rather cramp 
and obscure. If I had the book I would give you that part of 
the original : but George 1 has lately taken it to school. 

My time at school is employed in reading lattin and French. 
Soon after I came down last, I finished Terence and now all 
the latin I read is Cicero. The French now I find quite easy. 
The pronunciation of it is the most difficult part and I sup- 
pose would be much more so than it is were I to learn it with 
a Frenchman or with any person who was well acquainted 
with the pronunciation. But in this part of the language 
although I much desire it, I never expect to arrive at any 
degree of proficiency. Notwithstanding this, I shall endeavor 
to acquire a sufficient knowledge of it to read it with facility. 
It would be a circumstance very pleasing to me were I capable 
of writing in the language. But this, I suspect I should not be 
able to do without much pains and labour. And perhaps that 

1 George Watson, the writer's brother. 


pains and labour would be spent more advantageously in 
obtaining some other knowledge. Latin and French are now 
so easy to me, that I am able to read over at the schoolhouse 
more than Mr. Robertson will let me say to him in the course 
of the day. So I have all the time that I am at home for 
reading English. I am now reading Winterbotham. 2 The 
first volume of his works, in which he wrote very little him- 
self, but composed of abstracts from other authors, I found 
much more entertaining than the second which I am now 
[reading]. This, as far as I have read in it appears to be 
made [torn] of his own writings. The style in which he writes 
is [torn] harsh and disagreeable; and by no means to be com- 
pared with that of Mr. Depaw and the Abbe Clavizero. In 
some parts he seems to dwell to long upon matters of little 
importance ; and by drawing out his narrative to an unneces- 
sary length, occasions it to become irksome to the reader. 
But, upon the whole, I think him an author well worthy to be 
read ; and from whom most useful information and knowledge 
may be derived. The Atlas, which I keep constantly before 
me while I am reading him, I found very entertaining and 

Bob Michie 3 left us last week. He had forgotten all his 

2 Probably the "Historical and Philosophical Views of the Chinese 
Empire" (London,) 1792, in two parts, by William Winterbotham 
(1733-1828) an English Baptist minister of liberal political views. In 
November, 1792, he preached two sermons in Plymouth which caused 
his arrest on the charge of treasonable utterances. He was sentenced 
to two years in prison and while in Newgate wrote the work referred 
to, and also a "Historical, Geographical, Commercial and Philosophical 
View of the American United States," 4 Vols. London, 1795. 

3 This "intire Grecian" was probably Robert, son of Robert Michie, 
of Louisa County. Robert (Sr.) of Louisa, married Ann Watson, so 
the schoolmates were related. 

The following letter is also among the Watson papers : 

May 9th, 1795. 
Mr David Watson 

Dear David 

Coming over to borrow your Greek testament I was sorry I could 
not have the satisfaction of seeing you. But believe me I experienced 
no incompetent degree from hearing of your attention to Divine Insti- 
tutions. Your zealousy will not even permit to stay till the day but 
you must in order for further security attend the day before. But 


latin, before he left us, and become an intire Grecian. Neither 
Virgil, Horace, Pope nor Dryden were any longer worthy to 
be read. But it was "read Homer once and you can read no 

Robertson has been very severly afflicted with the Rheu- 
matism for this week past. So much so that he has been in- 
capable of walking to the schoolhouse; and even of getting 
on his horse without assistance. Don't forget Gil Bias which 
you promised to get and send me. 

Jo. S. Watson 

Mr. David Watson 
Yancy Mills 


February nth, 1798 j 
Brother Davy 

When I saw you last, I told you that I intended to read 
Gibbon's decline and fall of the Roman Empire, as soon as I 
finished Ramsay, which I was then reading. But I shall, 

respecting religion, Mr. Causby a close reasoner and an implicit fol- 
lower of Mr. Paine Reasonable Age. Has converted the whole Duck- 
ing Hole fraternity insomuch that we never think of such a thing. I 
asked the young gentleman at the time when he was very zealously 
opposing the faith if he had divested himself of even the most minute 
conscientious scruple respecting the Divinity of our Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ? Without hesitation he answered in the affirmative. But 
these are matters unfathomable by me for which reason I am resolutely 
determined to remain in the faith till I see cause to alter — which God 
forbid I ever should. They say he has so staggered the vestal faith 
of the vestal P. J. (if she ever had any) that she is resolved on a 
Revolution. But none of this still is what I want. I came here today 
to borrow your Greek testament if you were not using it too busily 
yourself for a few months therefore as I take it for granted you do 
not I must presume on our acquaintance and take it with supposed 
permission. Court is at hand if you have the most distant use for it 
if you will inform me then I will return it. I waited sometime for 
your Father but I could not see him being in a hurry and supposing 
he would be on the plantation till night. 

With great hesitation and mental reservation I lay hands on your 
testament with presumed permission and remain yr 


Rob Michie 


according to your advice immediately begin to revise the 
Latin Poets. I am now reading Thompson, which you sent 
me by F. Harris 4 . In his description of Spring, all of which I 
have not yet read, I find many very beautiful passages. Among 
the many beauties of his seasons, I concur with you in the 
opinion, that he is peculiarly fortunate in the choice of his 
epithets. The piece which you transcribed to me, I think a 
good one. The beauty of the epithets which you pointed out in 
it, struck me the moment I read them. But I think that one of 
the epithets, which you took no notice of, is as good as any 
in it. That is the word unrefusing. No word would express 
more forcibly, the manner in which oxen generally begin their 
labour. Though they do not refuse, they begin slowly and 
unwillingly. The piece in which he describes the degeneracy 
of modern manners when compared to those of the golden age 
(from line 271 to 308) I think very good. In this, the two 
lines in which he describes envy, are very beautiful. 

"Base envy withers at anothers joy, 
And hates that excellence it cannot reach" 

I don't think that a better description of envy could be given 
in as few words. 

What he says of fear in the next line is very Just. 

Desponding fear, of feeble fancies full, Etc. 

Many other beauties I think may be pointed out in the same 
piece. In all this description he appears to have imitated 
Ovid's description of the iron age. The part in which he 
speaks of the courage with which all birds are inspired when 
they see their young in danger; and the art they make use of 
to draw one away, is very natural. 

"Hence, round the head 
Of wandering swain, the white-winged plover wheels 
Her sounding flight, and then directly on 

4 Probably Frederick Harris, of Frederickshall, Louisa County. 


In long excursion skims the level lawn, 

To tempt him from her nest. The wild-duck, hence, 

On the rough moss, and o'er the trackless waste 

The heath-hen flutters, pious fraud ! to lead 

The hot pursuing spaniel far away." 

The pheasant, partridge, [word illegible] and others give 
us examples similar to this of the wild-duck. 

From line 790 to 806 (which you mention) the description 
he gives of love on the bull, is similar to a passage in the 3rd 
l>ook of the Georgicks. 

"Omni cura vires exercet, et inter 
Dura jacet pernox instrato saxa cubili, 
Frondibus hirsutis et carice pastus acuta, 
Et temptat sese, atque irasci in cornua discit 
Arboris obnixus trunco, ventosque lacessit 
Ictibus, et sparsa ad pugnam proludit arena. 
Post, ubi collectum robur viresque refectae, 
Signa movet, praecepsque oblitum fertur in hostem: 
Fluctus uti, medio coepit cum albescere ponto, 
Longius ex altoque sinum trahit ; utque volutus 
Ad terras immane sonat per saxa neque ipso 
Monte minor procumbit ; at ima exaestuat unda 
Verticibus nigramque alte subjectat arenam." 

Book 3rd. 128th line.* 

Tell Sister Polly she has not sent down my cravat and hand- 
kerchiefs; nor the books she was to have sent to the Miss 
Minors. George is now idle for want of the book you were 
to send him. 

J. Shelton Watson 

* What the reference means is not clear. The lines quoted are 



Williamsburg, February 9th, Anno Rep. 25 
Brother Davy, 

I am surprised to hear that none of my letters have reached 
you yet, and totally at a loss as to the cause of their miscarriage. 
I know not whether to attribute it to the ignorance, negligence, 
or villiany of the Post-officers. That villianies of this kind are 
daily practised by them, the continual complaints of the news- 
papers are sufficient evidence. But as I can perceive no pos- 
sible interest that they can have in the wilful stoppage of my 
letters, I am inclined to attribute it to one of the other causes. 

I received, in due time, your letter of the 13th. Jan. but have 
not seen, or heard, any thing of C. Wright, by whom you ex- 
pected it to be brought down. I suppose he declined coming. 

The complaints of 5 friends on account of my not 

writing, have given me much uneasiness. I have written to 
them, of late, repeatedly, but my letters I suppose, have mis- 
carried. Poor Mr. is not the least mended. It is the 

opinion of all who are acquainted with his situation and cir- 
cumstances, that his friends had better take him away. If they 
send for him, it will be necessary for the person who comes 
to be security against his doing any mischief. About a week 
ago, there was a man down here from Louisa. He came to 
Mr. Moirs and enquired for me. I was at College. He said 
that he was in a great hurry, that he had letters for me which 
must be answered immediately. He went to the Madhouse to 

see Mr. and then disappeared without my seeing either 

him or the letters. 

I want money. It is customary here to pay for the quarters 
board at its commencement. My present quarter which began 
on the 20th. of last month is yet unpaid for. In addition to 
this, my pocket money begins to be scarce, in consequence of 
my lending betwixt 20 & 30 Dollars. However, if I receive a 
supply in any short time, I shall not suffer. I wrote to Dadda 

5 The name given in the letter is that of an inmate of the Williams- 
burg Insane Asylum. 


several weeks ago informing him of these things. I mentioned 
to him that I supposed that 130 Dol. would bear all expenses 
betwixt this time and my arrival at home next summer. But 
as the time is distant there may be some unforseen expenses. 
I had, therefore, rather receive a part of my years supply at 
present; and the rest when I shall be more capable of deter- 
mining what may be necessary. 

I am pleased with your advice upon the subject of manners.. 
Ease, plainness and simplicity of manners have been always 
charming in my eyes. But never as charming as when op- 
posed to vanity, affectation, and stiffness. I have here daily 
occasion to observe each of these characters, in most striking^ 
contrast. While I am forced to admire and love the one, how 
often do I blush with shame for the other. 

I believe I have before told you that our College was flour- 
ishing in numbers; and that, with her numbers, she possesses 
a considerable portion of genius and industry. But yet it is 
painfull to remark how greatly the opposite of these qualities 
preponderates. But of our 60, about one fourth are industrious 
and promising. Most of the rest, devoid of emulation, with a 
sluggish inactivity of mind, pass their moments away in a total 
insensibility to the importance of their time, and the advan- 
tages which they possess. It is unfortunate for me that far 
the greater quantity of our genius and industry is employed 
in the study of the law. Law, tho called a liberal profession, 
is surely one of the greatest enemies of general and liberal 
learning. The man who becomes a compleat [lawyer] will, I 
believe, be nothing else. It appears here to swallow up the 
whole time and attention of those who are engaged with the 
study of it. This has caused the total downfall of that society 
from which so much was expected in the commencement of 
this Course. 

Philosophy suffers by it. As for Mathematics, that you 
know, has been long out of fashion at this place. Mr. 
Andrews 6 pretends to have * * * [torn] 

6 Robert Andrews, a native of Pennsylvania, and a graduate of the 
College of Pa., was for some years a tutor in the family of Mann Page 
of "Rosewell", Gloucester County, and in 1772 went to England for 
ordination. In 1779 he was made professor of Moral Philosophy and 


But I believe he teaches almost as much of Hebrew. The 
result of the examination of his class last year ought to have 
disgraced him. Old Bellini 7 professes to teach Modern Lan- 
guages, which amounts to a total exclusion of the knowledge 
of them. These are, in my opinion, abuses of the first mag- 
nitude ; and loudly call for correction. Two of our professors 
reflect honor on their professions. Among the strange and 
unaccountable things, I have to mention, that one of these, our 
president 8 (as worthy a man as any that lives) seems to have 

in 1784 was transferred to the chair of Mathematics. In 1781 he was 
private' secretary to General Nelson at the siege of Yorktown. He 
represented Williamsburg in the Virginia Convention of 1788 and was 
a member of the House of Delegates in 1798, voting against the Reso- 
lutions. He married first, Elizabeth Ballard, and secondly Mary Blair, 
and had issue: Robert and Elizabeth (twins), born March 7, 1778, 
Anne, married William Randolph, of "Wilton", Catherine married 
Joseph Wilkerson, and John. See William and Mary Quarterly, VI, 
180, 181. 

7 Charles Bellini probably came to Albemarle County from Italy with 
Philip Mazzei in 1773, and in 1775 was a member of a volunteer com- 
pany from that county. In 1779 he was appointed Professor of Mod- 
ern Languages at William and Mary. Dr. Tyler states that "he was 
undoubtedly the first professor of modern languages in the United 
States." When, in 1781 the College was temporarily closed, Robin 
(Travels) saw the "solitary professor of Italian extraction" at Wil- 
liamsburg and reported that "his conversation and abilities appeared to 
be such that after what he told us of his brethren we could not help 
regretting their absence". Professor Bellini's name appears on the 
Masonic Rolls at Williamsburg, 1779-1783. (William and Mary 
Quarterly, VI, 181). 

8 Rt. Rev. James Madison, first P. E. Bishop of Virginia, and 
President of William and Mary College, was born Aug. 27, 1749, at 
Port Republic, Augusta (now Rockingham) County, and died March 
5, 1812, at Williamsburg. His father, John Madison, a kinsman (prob- 
ably first cousin) of the father of President Madison, was long clerk 
of Augusta County and represented it in the House of Burgesses 
1748-1754, inclusive. James Madison distinguished himself as a student 
at William and Mary, winning in 1772, the Botetourt medal for classi- 
cal learning. He studied law and was admitted to the bar ; but deter- 
mined to enter the ministry and in 1775 was ordained deacon and 
priest by the Bishop of London. In 1774 he had been appointed Pro- 
fessor of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry at William and Mary, and 
later held the chair of Mathematics. Professor Madison was a strong 
supporter of Colonial rights and antagonized the loyal English mem- 
bers of the faculty. William and Mary appointed all the surveyors in 
Virginia and in 1775, Madison greatly offended President Camm by 
moving and having carried a motion that hereafter his "Majesty's name 
should be dropped in all Surveyor's commissions issued by the Col- 
lege". There is a story that the Bishop would, in his sermons, never 
speak of Heaven as a kingdom but as "that great republic where there 
was no distinction of rank and where all men were free and equal". 


s*Biiii»iiii j iiii. ___,_ ,,,,. 


Rt. Rev. James Madison 


become the object of more ill will, than, I believe, was ever 
born towards before. It is always a difficult thing for a pro- 
fessor to escape ill will. The Bishop, has hitherto, escaped 
most admirably. But there is now a party here, with whom it 
seems fashionable to enter, without discrimination, into all 
the prejudices and passions of one another, no matter how 
irrational, ungenerous, or malignant, — 

Sister Nancy 9 is married before this time. It would be 
needless for me to express good wishes. Give my love to her 
as well as to the rest of the family. And don't forget Sally. 


J. S. Watson. 
[Addressed] Mr. David Watson Feb: 9th. '99. 

Via Columbia 

Of his qualifications as a teacher Bishop Meade wrote : "He was in- 
defatigable in his lectures, and when in good health is known to have 
been engaged in his lecture room from four to six hours a day. He 
first introduced a course of systematic lectures on political economy 
in the College. In the department of natural philosophy he excelled, 
his enthusiasm throwing a peculiar charm over his lectures". In 1778 
Jefferson wrote to Ralph Izard : " I cannot but approve your idea of 
sending your eldest son, destined for the law, to Williamsburg. The 
professor of mathematics and natural philosophy there, Mr. Madison, 
cousin of him you know [Jas. Madison, afterwards President,] is a 
man of great abilities, and their apparatus is a very fine one. Mr. 
Bellini, the professor of modern languages, is also an excellent one". 
James Madison was elected President of the College in 1777 and in 
1790, Bishop of Virginia. He at once proceeded to England and Sept. 
19, 1790, was consecrated at Lambeth Palace. He was the head of 
the Episcopal Church in Virginia at its darkest and seemingly most 
hopeless period and could do but little for its upbuilding. He was 
intensely interested in uniting all sincere Christians and said, in 1796, 
'There is no one but must cordially wish for such a union, provided it 
did not require a sacrifice of those points that are deemed essential by 
our Church. From these we have no power to retreat." 

Bishop Madison prepared a map of Virginia and was one of the 
Virginia commissioners for running the boundary line with Pennsyl- 

In 1779 he married Sarah Tate, of Williamsburg, and had a son, 
James Catesby Madison, of Roanoke County, and a daughter Sarah, 
who married Robert G. Scott, of Richmond. Bishop Madison was 
buried in a vault under the Chapel of William and Mary. He had 
several brothers, one of whom, George, was one of the early gov- 
ernors of Kentucky. (See also William and Mary Quarterly, I, 73, 
VI, 180). 

9 Ann, daughter of Major James Watson, of "Ionia", married 
William Morris, of "Sylvania", Louisa County. 



Swan Tavern 10 October 16th. 99. 
Brother David 

Yesterday morning we arrived at this place as George will 
have informed you before you receive this. My time has been 

10 The following note on the Swan Tavern has been contributed by 
Mr. Edward V. Valentine out of that most abundant store of infor- 
mation, which is going into the history of the city he is now writing: 

"Two of the renowned taverns in the olden time were the 'Bird in 
the Hand' and 'the 'Eagle'. A contemporary of the latter was on 
Shockhoe Hill and it also bore the name of a member of the 'feathered 
tribe'. This was the 'Swan' which stood on the north side of Broad, 
between 8th and 9th streets, with a front of about one hundred and 
sixty feet. At the curb stone near the upper corner, there was a pole, 
quite a long one, with a sign on which was painted a floating swan. 
This sign is still remembered by the writer although more than two 
generations have probably elapsed since the aquatic bird, after singing 
its own dirge, passed out of the sight of men. 

The hostelry was a well known landmark at the beginning of the 
last century and among its patrons were men of distinction, especially 
those of the legal profession. Members of the Legislature and Judges 
of the Court of Appeals were also its patrons, they like all of its guests 
being attracted by the excellent fare and its (in the 'wet season' of the 
long ago,) necessary accompaniments, provided for them by Col. John 
Moss, the proprietor. 

Possibly the palmy days of the old tavern were during the trial of 
Aaron Burr, who was, for a time, confined in a house at the opposite 
corner. Daily after the exciting combats of the opposing counsel in 
this 'celebrated case', there could have been no spot better fitted for 
the restoration of harmony than the dining room of the old 'Swan' 
with its choicest Virginia eatables and the best of liquors. 

Attorneys like other mortals forget their squabbles in such a pres- 
ence, and how it must have rejoiced the heart of the host to see that 

'Group of wranglers from the bar 
Suspending here their mimic war'. 

Two of the best known Jeffersons were guests at the tavern. The 
first was Thomas in 1809, whose visit to Richmond, and the story of 
the cannon firing and window smashing are well known. Forty-six 
years later (1857) Joseph Jefferson who was in the stock company at 
the 'Marshall Theatre' (corner Broad and 7th streets) also lodged at 
the 'Swan'. During his engagement his child died there of scarlet 
fever. The circumstances were peculiarly sad. On a certain night in 
May, 'As You Like It' was to be performed, with Jefferson as 'Touch- 
stone'. The great actor had arrived at the play house when a messen- 
ger brought the intelligence that his youngest child, Joseph, was very 
ill, or had died at the tavern. Notwithstanding the absence of one of 
the caste the play was produced. John Jack, although Touchstone's 
costume was too small for him, hurriedly was assigned the role. Forty 


diversified by some things agreeable and others highly dis- 
agreeable.- My only amusements have been the race yester- 
day, and a play which was acted in the Eagle Tavern last 
night. Yesterday evening and today until two o'clock in the 
evening, I spent my time entirely in traversing the town and 
hunting for the things I purposed to purchase. I have got 
the things (a few trifles excepted) and those which were to 
be made up by the taylor are now in their possession. If not 
disappointed by them, I shall move hence by the stage which 
runs tomorrow. I have met with more of my acquaintances 
here than I expected to see. Chapman is here. We walked 
this morning down to Bowlers to provide seats. There I 
happened to meet with Moody the owner of the stage. Hear- 
ing my name and finding me to be your brother, he seemed glad 

odd years later the two actors performed together in Richmond. It 
was then that the writer heard from the lips of Mr. Jefferson an 
account of the child's death. 

An early (1812) meeting of the "Agricultural Society of Virginia" 
was held at the 'Swan', Chief Justice Marshall, the President, pre- 

Possibly the last lodging place of Edgar A. Poe in Richmond, was 
the old tavern. In a letter received by the writer from a very esti- 
mable gentleman the following extracts are made: 'After a long delay 
I herewith give such facts as I recollect in connection with Mr. Edgar 
Allan Poe's visit to Richmond, Va., in the year 1849. At the time of 
which I write the Sons of Temperance was a strong organization, 
embracing in its membership a number of prominent citizens. Mr. 
Poe it was understood during his stay here made his home at the old 
Swan Tavern on the north side of Broad street between 8th and 9th 
streets (still standing). [This was in 1899]. It was kept at the time 
if I mistake not by Mr. Blakey. During his stay there Mr. Poe made 
the acquaintance of some members of the organization above men- 
tioned, was proposed for membership, elected and initiated. I presided 
at the meeting and administered the obligation to the candidate. It 
was during the quarterly term commencing the first of July and end- 
ing the thirtieth of September, 1849, that he became a member and my 
recollection is that it was early in the quarter. Mr. Robert Briggs 
(also a member of the Division) conducted a boot and shoe business 
on Broad street, north side a few doors below Fourth street. Prob- 
ably a month after joining the Division Mr. Poe called and left with 
Mr. Briggs a pair of boots for repairs. A few days later Mr. Briggs 
came to my place and mentioned what he thought was a strange freak 
in our Bro. Poe, which was that he knocked him up about four o'clock 
that morning to get his boots, remarking that he was out walking and 
to get them would save the trouble of another call. There had been to 
us no intimation that Mr. Poe had violated his pledge before leaving 
Richmond in October, and in discussing the matter after his death the 
concensus of opinion of the Temperance men was that he had kept his 
pledges inviolate up to that time/ " 


to see me ; inquired very earnestly about you ; and seemed as 
if his acquaintance with you had (the people distract me by 
their noise and bustle) interested him in my favour. He has 
a notion, he says, of renting a house and taking in five or six 
boarders himself. If he does it will probably be agreeable be- 
ing with him. Mores price for board he says is fifty dollars 
a quarter, if he takes a room singly: forty if he will take a 
fellow. If one could find a studious companion I am of opin- 
ion it would be best to take him. I have fallen in here with 
Mr. R. Quarles. He promises me an introductory letter to 
his acquaintance Mr. Greenhow 11 of Wms. Burgh. I have 
likewise seen here a brother of this said Mr. Greenhow's. He 
says he was a student at Wm. & Mary at the time you were 
there, and that he was well acquainted with you. He has been 
employed three years, he tells me, in the study of physick. 
But despairing of arriving at any degree of ability in that 
profession, he has abandoned it for an employment more easy 
and lucrative, and become merchant in this place. He appears 
to be a man of good nature and and friendly disposition; and 
to have acted prudently in quitting the pursuit of physick. I 
have made inquiry for Shakespeare, but have not found it. 
Pleasants was not at home, but one of his boys told me he- 
believed he had it. Prichard * * * [torn] have it in a short 
time. The expenses I have been at and the purchases I have 
made amount to nineteen pounds. Taylors charges and tavern 
expenses here not yet discharged. Moody left Wms. Burgh on 
Sunday. My trunk had not then arrived. 

Yr. Brother 

~ r . , J. Shelton Watson 

Oct 1 6th. '99 J 

[Addressed] Mr. David Watson 


By Mr. Johnson 

11 John Greenhow, horn at High House, Kendal, Westmoreland, 
England, emigrated to Virginia, and settled at Williamsburg, where he 
died Aug. 9, 1787. He married twice and had a number of children. 
The Mr. Greenhow who was a fellow student of David Watson, was 
probably George Greenhow. who appears in the College Catalogue in 
1795- For genealogical notices of the family see William and Mary: 
Quarterly, VII, 170; XVII, 273-275. 


Wm. & Mary College, November 4th, '99. 
Brother David 
On Saturday last I received by the mail yours dated October 
28th; In which you mentioned that you had not heard any- 
thing of me since my departure ; by which I suppose you must 
mean since my arrival at this place. For you must have re- 
ceived before that time the letter I wrote you from Richmond 
by R. Johnson. I have, since my arrival here, written you a 
letter which I lodged at Davenports about a week ago to be 
carried up by Mallery. That I suppose you have received be- 
fore now. By it you will be satisfied as to the question of my 
reception. Mr. Andrews I had not seen then, nor indeed, 
have I seen him yet. He has just returned from Norfolk. 
Tomorrow I shall visit him, for the first time, at College. I 
have never yet seen Mr. Bellini. He is living now in an old 
house somewhere, I believe, near the palace. The old fellow, 
as you suspect, is very poor; and to make his misfortune the 
greater, he has been almost deprived of the power of articu- 
lation by a late paralytic attack. He has been for some time 
talking of removing from his present lonesome habitation and 
fixing himself in College. But this he has been talking of for 
some time, and it is supposed that he will not do it at all un- 
less the severity of cold forces him to it. His only food, they 
say, is wine and biscuit; his only amusement — snufTtaking.. 
.... Nov. 5. I have just seen Mr. Andrews in the lecture- 
room. He asked me whether I had studied any part of Euclid- 
Being told that I had gone through the first six books, he said 
I had as well employ myself in revising them, until the senior 
class meets, and then begin plane Trigonometry, and Algebra. 
For that class did not learn either of these last year. I shall 
continue revising the six books to myself, after we begin the 
other studies. I am reading Duncan 13 to the Bishop ; and have 
got to that part where he treats of definitions. The greater 

13 Possibly "The Elements of Logic", by William Duncan, Professor 
of Philosophy at Aberdeen. 


part of what I have read appears to me to be a confused heap 
of stuff, the advantages of which will never compensate for 
the time and trouble of studying it. The latter part, concern- 
ing definitions, is particularly so. If the maxim "Memoria, 
excolendo, augatur" is true, then Duncan will be helpful; for 
he gives that sufficient exercise. The Bishop advises us to 
read along with it Stuart's Philosophy of Mind. This is a 
book which I have not. Another book highly spoken of here, 
and one which I believe you have not is Rutherforth. 14 If 
you can get these two, send them to me by the stage. There 
is nothing else which I want at present. I shall want money 
by the beginning of the next quarter. If I can get it other- 
wise, I shall have no occasion, I expect to apply to Mitchell 
and Gordons for anything. Thirty-five pounds, with what I 
now have amounting to fourteen or fifteen pounds, will be as 
much as I shall want during this course. That will make out 
a round hundred. You ask who of the students are clever? 
Young H. Tucker 15 and one Leigh from Chesterfield, appear 
to be the cleverest. Young Mann Page 17 , with whom you are 
acquainted appears to be a sensible man. The two former are 
members of our society, in a meeting of which held last 

14 Possibly "A System of Natural Philosophy", by Thomas Ruther- 
forth, Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. 

15 Henry St. George Tucker, son of Judge St. George Tucker, of 
Williamsburg, as born Sept. 26, 1780, and died at Winchester, Aug. 
28, 1848. He was member of Congress, Chancellor of the Fourth 
Judicial Circuit, President of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, Pro- 
fessor of Law, University of Virginia; was author of Lectures on 
Natural Law, Lectures on Government, Lectures on Constitutional 
Law, etc., etc. ; and President of the Virginia Historical Society. He 
married Ann Evalina, daughter of Moses Hunter and had issue: (1) 
Ann E., married Dr. Alfred T. McGill ; (2) St. George, died young; 
(3) Virginia, married Henry L. Brooke; (4) David Hunter, M. D., 
eminent physician, Professor Medical College of Virginia, Surgeon 
C. S. A., married Ellen, daughter of George M. Dallas, Vice-President 
of the United States; (5) Nathaniel Beverley, Consul at Liverpool, 
C. S. Agent in Canada, married Jane, daughter of Charles Ellis ; (6) 
Tudor; (7) John Randolph, Attorney General of Virginia, M. C. and 
Professor of Law at Washington and Lee University, married Laura, 
daughter of Col. Humphrey Powell ; (8) St. George, Clerk of House 
of Delegates of Virginia, Captain C. S. A. and died in service; author 
of "Hansford, A Tale of Bacon's Rebellion," etc.; married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Gov. Thomas W. Gilmer; (9) Alfred, married Eliza 

17 Mann Page, son of Mann Page, of "Mannsfield", Spotsylvania 
Count)', appears on 'the college catalogue in 1798. 


Saturday, there was an equal division on the question, "Is 
gratitude a virtue?" From this you may guess at the esteem 
in which Godwin 18 is held by the students. His innovating 
principles I am told are much disliked and feared by the 
Bishop. Adams is the book for the Bishop. He extols and 
recommends him continually. From his advice I have been 
reading him for information on the subject of Materialism, 
which he has given us to compose upon. The subject in itself 
is very abstruse and difficult and it was not made less so by 
reading Adams. I understood very little he said upon it. 
Either he or the subject was too profound. I have written 
upon it I believe a parcel of nonsense. But I console myself 
with the thought that no one knows much about it. I forgot to 
mention in my last letter both to you and to Dadda, that my 
trunk and clothes brought down by Mallery were unhurt. 
And I likewise forgot to mention to you just now when speak- 
ing of books, Rush's 19 Essays which I have long wanted. It 
will be easy to send all these by the stage. For I find it is 
common for them to convey such things. This I shall send 

18 As appears elsewhere Godwin's Inquiry Concerning Political Jus- 
tice, and its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness, published in 
1793, was the work in question. The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says 
"Although the work is little known and less read now, it marks a 
phase in English thought. Godwin could never have been himself a 
worker on the active stage of life, but he was none the less a power 
behind the workers, and for its political effect, Political Justice takes 
its place with Milton's Areopagitica, with Locke's Essay on Education 
and with Rousseau's Emile. By the words "political justice" the author 
meant "The adoption of any principal of morality and truth into the 
practice of a community", and the work was therefore an inquiry into 
the principals of society, of government, and of morals. For many 
years Godwin had been "satisfied that monarchy was a species of gov- 
ernment unavoidably corrupt", and from desiring a government of the 
simplest construction, he gradually came to consider that "government 
by its very nature counteracts the improvement of original mind". 
* * * All control of man by man was more or less intolerable * * * 
but all was to be done by discussion and natural change resulting from 
discussion" * * *. Perhaps no one received the whole teaching of 
the book. But it gave cohesion and voice to philosophic radicalism, it 
was the manifesto of a school without whom liberalism of the present 
day could not have been". Though Godwin was affectionate in his 
family relations, he held the theory that natural relationship had no 
claim on man, nor was gratitude to parents or instructors any part of 
justice or virtue. Hence the reference to the debate. 

19 "Essays, Literary, Moral and Philosophical" (1798), by Dr. Ben- 
jamin Rush. 


by tomorrow's stage and direct to be left at the post office. I 
shall speak to Moody concerning the conveyance of the books 
and get him to give directions if it should be found necessary. 
I shall hereafter write frequently by the stage and leave it to 
you to devise a plan for getting the letters from the office. 

J. Shelton Watson. 
[Addressed] Mr. David Watson 


To be left at Richmond P. office 


December 9th, 99. 
Brother David : — 

When I received your last I thought it should not be as 
long as this before you should get an answer. I certainly 
should have written to you before this time had I recollected 
that agreeably to your last, which I have just been looking at, 
you were before now to be in Richmond. I received Rush's 
Essays by the stage. You said that Stewart was not then in 
Richmond, but that you would get it when you came down 
again and send it to me. But you need not. I have already gotten 
one at a new store lately set up in this place. Besides this I 
have gotten some other books here: Nicholson's philosophy, 
Chaptol on Chemistry and some others, which were as cheap 
as they could have been gotten in Richmond. You mentioned 
in your last that you did not know where I boarded ; but had 
been informed that I was fixed in College. This was a mis- 
take. I am fixed at Moirs, as I told you, if I recollect rightly, 
in my last. My situation is not quite so good as I would wish 
it. There are two of us living together, and I find that two 
attract more company than one would do. If, at the end of 
the quarter, I can get a convenient room to myself, I shall do 
so. I find very little time for company. Reading merely those 
books which are necessary for the course has kept me in 
pretty constantly employment. Duncan, Euclid and the philo- 
sophical lectures obliged me for some time to labour almost 


incessantly. Though the reading of Duncan was the only 
thing which I considered as labour. Euclid I had gone over 
before; and that made it easy; and philosophy is my delight. 
I was particularly pleased with that part which treats of Mag- 
netism. The experiments on it were very curious and beau- 
tiful. And I experienced additional pleasure upon reading 
Cavallo on the subject. He handles it like one who had pre- 
viously well studied and made himself perfect master of what 
he was about to write. Phenomena the most strange, mys- 
terious and apparently inexplicable, are unfolded and laid 
open by him so as to leave not a doubt upon the mind. He 
throws the brightest light upon things where I often thought 
it almost impossible that the faintest glimmering could be given. 
The pleasure I felt in reading was often of the highest kind, 
such as we always experience when we suddenly discover 
truth after having despaired of being able to come at it. I am 
inclined to think that Magnetism is the most beautiful part of 
the study of philosophy. Though the experiments upon our 
last lecture concerning Central Forces, were handsomer than 
those upon Magnetism. 

When I wrote to you last, I was not able to tell you exactly 
how I should carry on my Mathematical studies. I expected 
then to continue only for a few days revising the first six 
books of Euclid, and then to join the senior class. But the 
mode of our proceeding is different. It happened that there 
were three others, who, like myself, had gone through the 
first six books and wished to revise them so that we three 
were formed into a distinct class, and are now going on 
together. We have gotten as far as the fourth book; and 
should have been through it, and probably through the fifth 
by this time, had not Mr. Andrews left us eight or ten days 
ago to go to Richmond. The object of his journey was to 
contest an election with one Waller who shut him out last 
election by a majority of only five or six votes. It is supposed 
by many that he will gain his point. If he does, I shall not 
rejoice with him. I had much rather he should stay and 
attend to his business here. My object is to complete my 
study of Mathematics this year ; which I apprehend, nay, am 


pretty certain, I shall not be able to do if he obtains his point, 
and attends the assembly. I shall conclude what I have to say 
about my studies with telling you that today we were exam- 
ined upon the eighth of Blair's Lectures. 

There is but little news here than can be any way enter- 
taining to you. On last Saturday fortnight your old friend 
N. Beale 20 was married to Nancy Maupin. On Wednesday 
evening last a splendid Ball was given them by the Students, 
who seemed rejoiced at such an opportunity of shewing their 
esteem for Norborne for he is much beloved by them. I was 
then introduced to Mrs. Beale by Norborne himself. I had 
never before seen her. She mentioned that she was very 
intimate with you while you were here ; and desired that I 
would, in my next, remember her to you. I have never yet 
been to Mr. Maupin's. My acquaintance with the inhabi- 
tants is very limited. I have not yet been able to cultivate 
their acquaintance so much as I would wish to do. I have 
visited at only two places since I have been here. At Mr. 
Andrews I dined soon after I came down and on Saturday 
last at Mr. Greenhow's. Greenhow entertains more of the 
Students than anyone in town. I received a pressing invita- 
tion at the Ball, from old Mrs. Russel. She has a little daugh- 
ter, she says, half distracted to see me, merely on your ac- 
count. I shall try and gratify her in a very short time. 

In my last, speaking of money matters, I told you that I 
supposed thirty-five pounds would be sufficient for me. But 
upon better consideration of the matter I find that it will not. 
I suppose it would have been enough if I had not gotten books. 
But I laid out nearly twenty dollars in them. In the spring 
I shall want clothes ; and many other things I shall stand in 
need of, I expect, between now and the time I go home. 
Forty pounds, I suppose, will be sufficient. I shall be afraid to 
depend upon less. 

Jo. S. Watson. 
[Addressed] Mr. David Watson 

By the Mail to be left at the Richmond Post office. 

20 Norborne Beale, of Williamsburg, is in the college catalogue in 



WmsBurg, December 24th, 99. 
Brother David: — 

Your letter, with the inclosed, came safe to hand. I ought 
and intended, to have replied to your letter immediately, but 
to speak candidly I was too lazy. I had been writing so much 
just before that I heartily tired. And besides, as it was prob- 
able that you would have left Richmond before a letter could 
reach you; and as you expected to return about this time, I 
considered that one written now would perhaps reach you as 

You say you do not agree with me altogether in my opin- 
ions respecting Magnetism; and think the theories on Mag- 
netism as unsatisfactory as on any subject whatever. I grant 
you that many of the theories on that subject are very unsatis- 
factory; and suspect that the novelty and strangeness of the 
subject might have been the cause of enjoying greater pleasure 
from it than from any other. But yet I think you can not 
but admit that many of the phenomena which appear at first 
view equally as strange and inexplicable as either the declina- 
tion, inclination or variations of the needle are explained and 
cleared up in a satisfactory manner. Of these I could give 
you many instances, if the limits of letter would admit it. 
You mention Halley's theory as being childish and ridiculous. 
I am much of your opinion respecting it. There have been 
other theories, in my opinion equally as ridiculous as that one 
of Dr. Halley, advocated by as great men as he. Of these I 
will mention to you only one which was entertained by Dr. 
Rittenhouse. This respects the reason why the Magnet at- 
tracts iron and no other body, which he imagined to be, that 
the pores of ferruginous bodies are full of valves, like those 
of pumps, which permit the passage of the Magnetic fluid 
in one direction, but prevent its return backwards. 

The Students here are, most of them, wearing black on 
account of the death of Gen. Washington. In the lecture 
room on Friday the Bishop made mention to them of the cir- 


cumstance of his death and proposed that everyone who was 
not by principle opposed to a thing of the kind, would wear 
a piece of crape as a testimony of esteem and respect for his 
many virtues and the great services he had rendered his coun- 
try. He at the same time observed that this measure had been 
adopted by the Assembly; and that he himself should do it. 
Another consideration which he observed had some weight 
with him (a consideration which seems to me to have too great 
an influence over all his actions) was a desire to contradict 
as much as lay in his power, those reports which have been 
for some time so industriously circulated throughout the 
State, that this is so far led away by Jacobinical, disorganizing 
principles as not only to be enemies to the Union, but even 
to have forgotten the services of those who most distinguished 
themselves in the cause of American Independence. But these 
considerations were not sufficient for the Students. Several 
of them were opposed to the measure. 21 They therefore deter- 
mined to call a meeting and give the matter a deliberate dis- 
cussion. A meeting was called immediately, and the affair 
debated upon for two or three hours, with considerable 
warmth. But several being absent, it was resolved upon to 
adjourn the meeting till the next and give the affair another 
discussion. They met accordingly, and after a debate of 
several hours, the votes being taken, it was found that about 
twenty were in favour of the measure ; six or seven against it. 
You may suppose, perhaps, from the votes being taken that 
the will of the majority was to influence the conduct of the 
others. But not so. No one was desired to act otherwise 
than as his inclination led him. The meeting was merely 
to persuade. You will desire, perhaps, to know my opinion. 
I was in favour of the measure. 

You ask how the Bishop received, and how he behaved to- 

21 In spite of some recent instances of party violence, it will seem 
to people, who have not made a study of our early history an almost 
incredible tiling that Virginians should hesitate or refuse to go into 
mourning for the death of George Washington. It is felt that it may be 
of interest to some of our readers to give a fuller account of party 
feeling at the end of the Eighteenth and beginning of the Nineteenth 
centuries than could be done at the bottom of a page. It is placed at 
the end of the letters. See p. 171. 

Judge St. George Tucker 


wards [me]. I am at some loss how to answer. The recep- 
tion he gave me was easy and familiar enough; though I 
don't suppose there was anything more in it than is usual 
when one is first introduced to him. What impression I 
might make upon him at the first interview I cannot say, but 
this I know, that I was very much impressed in his favour; 
and upon further acquaintance I like him still better. With 
his behaviour towards me I am very well satisfied. The only 
thing I dislike is that I have not so much of his company and 
conversation as I would wish. I have hardly ever seen him, 
except in the Lecture Room. When I first went to see him 
the day after I came down he gave a kind of general invitation 
to come to his house whenever I could make it convenient. 
But I have never been; nor has he thought proper to repeat 
his invitation. I fancy he does not confer marks of distinc- 
tion in this way. What I look upon as the [most agree-] 
able sign is a privilege he has given me of writing * * * * 
and shewing them just when I please and can make it * * * * 
a privilege which he has given to no other person but John- 
son. We have had to write regularly once a fortnight ever 
since I came down. The last compositions of the class were 
read publicly. Johnson and myself delivered ours together 
on Friday last. These were the first ones ever read. The 
task of composing was not so difficult as I expected it would 
be, before I attempted it; yet the writing of a composition 
once a fortnight takes up more time than I think ought to 
'be devoted to it ; improving as it may be. My time, ever since 
I have been here, has been almost wholly taken up on that, 
and in reading those books which are necessary on the Lec- 
tures. I have found hardly any time for other reading. But 
I now begin to have more leisure. We have lost Johnson 
from the junior class, and I am sorry for it. He was the only 
one in it who could serve as a stimulus. He has entered the 
senior class. His object in doing this was that he might be 
prepared for Tucker's 22 Lectures next course ; which he could 

22 St. George Tucker was born on the Island of Bermuda, July 10, 
1752, and died at Warminster, Nelson County, Va., Nov. 10, 1828. He 
was son of Henry Tucker, of Bermuda, of a family of much distinction 
there, whose members have now scattered throughout the world. An 


not do if he was to continue in the junior class. He is in. 
high esteem here. 

J. S. Watson. 
[Addressed] Mr. David Watson 

Mail, To be left at Richmond Post office. 

abstract of the will of George Tucker, Esq., of Milton, Kent, England,. 
ancestor of the Bermudian line, with a note showing, briefly, how his 
descendants have played their parts in Bermuda, Barbadoes, Virginia, 
South Carolina, England, India, Japan and elsewhere, was printed in 
this Magazine, XVII, 394-397- 

St. George Tucker came to Virginia in 1771 to complete his educa- 
tion at William and Mary and graduated in 1772. He commenced the 
practice of law ; but during the Revolution, though not in the regular 
army, was frequently in service. He was an officer in Lawson's militia 
brigade in the South, aide to Layfayette at Yorktown, and at the end 
of the war and for some years afterwards was County Lieutenant of 
Chesterfield. He was appointed Judge of the Supreme Court in 1787 
and in 1789 Professor of Law at William and Mary, succeeding George 
Wythe. In 1804 he became President of the Virginia Court of Appeals 
and in 1813, U. S. District Judge for Virginia. He was a member of 
the Annapolis Convention of 1786 and in 1790 was made LL. D. by 
William and Mary. He was the author of various poems, including 
the well-known "Resignation", beginning "Days of My Youth", and of 
a political satire "The Probationary Odes of Jonathan Pinder, Esq." 
(1796), of a number of work on political and legal subjects: "A Disser- 
tation on Slavery, with a Proposition for its Gradual Abolition in 
Virginia" (1799), an essay on "How far the Common Law of England 
is the Common Law of the United States", an annotated edition of 
"Blackstone" (1803), and a "Commentary on the Constitution", ap- 
pended to the last named work. 

Judge Tucker married, first, on Sept. 3, 1778, Frances, daughter of 
Theoderick Bland of "Cawsons", Prince George County, and widow 
of John Randolph, of "Mattoax", Chesterfield County (she was the 
mother of John Randolph of Roanoke), and secondly, on Oct. 8, 1791, 
Lelia, daughter of Sir Peyton Skipwith. No issue of the second mar- 
riage survived childhood. 

St. George and Frances Tucker had issue: (1) Anne Frances Bland, 
born Sept. 26, 1779, married Judge John Coalter, of the Virginia Court 
of Appeals, and died Sept. 12, 1813 ; (2) Henry St. George — see note 
in regard to him; (3) Nathaniel Beverley, born Sept. 6, 1784, Professor 
of Law at William and Mary; U. S. District Judge in Missouri; author 
of "Tucker's Pleading", and "Lectures on the Science of Government". 
His novel, "The Partisan Leader; A Tale of the Future" (1836), is an 
almost prophetic account of later events. He married 1st., Mary 

Coalter, 2d. , 3d. Lucy Ann, daughter of General Thomas Smith,. 

U. S. A. There were two or three other children of Judge St. George 
Tucker who died young. 

Chapman Johnson 



„ , ^ October 26th., A. R. 25 

Brother Davy 

Interested as I know you to be in every thing which con- 
cerns our College, I doubt not but you are particularly desir- 
ous to hear what aspect our affairs bear now, at the com- 
mencement of a Course. I am glad to inform you that it is- 
very favorable. The number of Students it is supposed will 
be as great, perhaps greater, than it has been for many years 
past. At our meeting for our Lecture on Nat. Philosophy last 
Friday, which is the only general one we have had, there were, 
I think, forty-three. As many as our greatest number was 
last Course. Four or five of the old students, who will cer- 
tainly be here again, were then absent. We have been in- 
formed that others intend to come. And if we receive such 
an accession during the Course as we did last year, and as is 
generally received, I think we may count upon our number 
amounting to fifty-five or sixty. Number at a College you 
know to be a matter of the highest importance. If we are 
numerous now, the report of our number will add to our 
seminary a reputation that will cause the youth of our coun- 
try to flock to it in still greater numbers; and Science, Arts,. 
and consequent happiness, will be more generally diffused 
through our country. But we have something else upon which 
I trust the fame of our College will rest more substantially 
than upon mere number. In many of our young men we have 
real talents accompanied by the most ardent love for Science. 
Cabell 23 to these qualities, unites those attentive easy and 
respectful manners which never fail to seize upon the affec- 
tions — of Johnsons 24 abilities you yourself have a knowledge. 

23 Joseph C. Cabell. The publication of some of his letters in an 
early number of this Magazine will be a more suitable occasion for a. 
notice of his life. 

24 Chapman Johnson was born in Louisa County, March 12, 1779,. 
and died in Richmond, July 12, 1849. He was son of Thomas Johnson, 
"Minor", of Louisa County, and a member of a family long prominent 
in that county, King William, and King and Queen. Chapman John- 
son's grandfather, William Johnson, vacated his seat in the House of 
Burgesses in order that Patrick Henry might be brought in from 
Louisa at the memorable session of 1765. The subject of this note 
graduated at William and Mary, in 1802, and commenced the practice 


But I have had more numerous proofs of them than you can 
ever have had. They are not of the very splendid kind. 
But in my estimation he possesses a penetration and energy of 
mind in the highest degree adapted to the discovery of truth 
and to the pursuit of her through the most difficult and intri- 
cate mazes. 

Leigh 25 (of Chesterfield) to real cleverness unites more 

of law at Staunton. In the War of 1812 he served as a Captain of a 
volunteer company and as Aide to Generl James Breckenridge. From 
1805-1831 he was a member of the State Senate, and was very promi- 
nent in the Convention of 1829-30 as a leader of the White Basis party. 
In 1824 he removed to Richmond and remained throughout life one 
of Virginia's foremost lawyers. 

See notices of him in the Southern Literary Messenger, 1851, pp. 
148-149, and Grigsby's Virginia Convention of 1829-30. In this Maga- 
zine XXV, 328 and 423 and 413, &c, XXVI, 103, &c, and 203, &c, is a 
genealogy of the Johnson family. 

25 Benjamin Watkins Leigh, was born in Chesterfield County, June 
18, 1781, and died in Richmond, Feb. 9, 1849. He was son of Rev. 
William Leigh, rector of Dale and Manchester parishes, Chesterfield 
(also a graduate of William and Mary) and grandson of Ferdinand 
Leigh, who was of a family of considerable prominence in King William 
and King and Queen Counties from the seventeenth century. B. W. 
Leigh graduated at William and Mary in 1802, was admitted to the 
bar and practiced until 1813 in Petersburg (which he represented in 
the Legislature). In that year he removed to Richmond and was, until 
his death, one of the leaders of the bar in the State. He was on a 
commission to revise the Statutes and was reporter of the Court of 
Appeals. He was a very active and influential member of the Con- 
vention of 1829-30, and in 1834 was elected to the United States Senate. 
In July, 1836, feeling that he could not obey instructions from the 
Virginia Legislature he resigned. In 1833 he was sent by Virginia as 
commissioner to South Carolina to urge her to suspend the execution of 
her nullification ordinance until March 4th, as there was a probability 
that a peaceful settlement of the difficulty would be arranged before 
that time. She consented to be guided by his appeal. 

It may not be generally recalled how near Mr. Leigh came to the 
Presidency of the United States. In the Autobiography of Seventy 
Years, by Senator Hoar, (Vol. 2, p. 402), is the following: 

"The Whig Convention to nominate a President was held at Harris- 
burg, Pa., on December 4, 1839, nearly a year before the election. The 
delegates from the different states were asked to consult together and 
agree upon their first choice. They they were asked to say whom they 
thought next to the person they selected would be the strongest can- 
didate. When the result was ascertained, it was discovered that 
William Henry Harrison was thought by a very large majority of the 
convention to be the strongest candidate they could find. He was 
accordingly selected as the Whig standard bearer. A committee of one 
person from each state was then chosen to propose to the convention a 
candidate for Vice-President. 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh, of Virginia, was a strong supporter of 
Henry Clay, a man of great personal worth, highly esteemed through- 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh 


show. H. Tucker, though by nature perhaps endowed with no 
extraordinary degree of acuteness, or energy, and certainly 
with no brilliancy of talents, has, by the advantages of regular 
education and diligent attention made acquisitions which will 
command respect to himself and prove useful to his Country. 
There is another whom I shall mention, not because of any 
high estimation in which I hold his talents, but because by 
many he is looked upon with amazement, and by the intelligent 
he is, and desires to be, respected. It is one Moody 26 , whose 
name has, I believe, somehow and somewhere obtained a 
place in Lyon's National Magazine. His person is the inti- 
mate resemblance of that which Cervantes gives Donquixote. 
And his intellect, naturally, one of which his body would be 
the true index. But by labour incessant and indefatigable, he 

out the country. The convention adjourned and came in after adjourn- 
ment to hear the report of the committee. Mr. Leigh accosted the 
chairman of the committee and stood with him in a conspicuous place 
as the delegates filed in. He inquired of the chairman what conclusion 
they had come to, as to a candidate for Vice-President. To which the 
chairman replied : "You will be informed in due time." 

When the convention was called to order, one of the delegates from 
Massachusetts made a speech in which he set forth the high qualities 
that were desired in a candidate for this important office, and after 
giving a sketch of exalted character and great capacity for public 
service, he ended by declaring that such a man was Mr. Leigh, of" 
Virginia, and proposing his name as the unanimous recommendation 
of the committee. Mr. Leigh was taken aback. He had been a zeal- 
ous supporter of Mr. Clay. He addressed the chair, saying that he 
was much gratified by what had been said by his friend from Massa- 
chusetts, and he hoped he might live in some humble measure to 
deserve the tribute which had been paid him. But he thought that 
having been a zealous supporter of Mr. Clay, and having had, in some 
sense, the charge of his candidacy, he could not himself accept a nomi- 
nation in connection with another person without exposing himself to 
the suspicion that he had in some way benefited by the defeat of his. 
own candidate and leader. 

It had been said that his embarrassment was increased by the fact 
that he had been seen conversing with the chairman of the committee 
by members of the Convention. How that is I do not know. The 
result was the nomination of Mr. Tyler, his election, his succession to 
the presidency after the death of Harrison." 

For notices of Benjamin Watkins Leigh, especially of his service in 
the Convention of 1829-30 see The Southern Literary Messenger, 1851, 
pp. 148-149, and Grigsby's Convention of 1829-30. 

B. W. Leigh's brother, William Leigh, was a distinguished Virginia 

26 Horatio Gates Moody, of Williamsburg, is in the Catalogue in 1798... 


has much improved it. He has indiscriminately adopted the 
opinions of Godwin, which distinguish him at College and 
wherever he goes. And he has acquired a mighty mass of 
words which he wields to the diversion of some and utter 
astonishment of others. Besides these we have other young 
men here whose talents are reputable. But, I had like to have 
forgotten one, who, I think, deserves well to be particularly 
mentioned. He is a little * * * [torn] about sixteen or seven- 
teen years old, of the name * * * [torn] county of Stafford 27 , 
was student of grammar & Mathamatics * * * last year 
and will pretty certainly be here in the junior Class this 
Course. He possesses enormous talents, and uncommon love 
for Science in general ; and for Natural Philosophy in par- 
ticular an enthusiastic one. If he returns he'll be my next 
door neighbor. Before concluding this I cannot forbear ex- 
pressing one of the Bishop's introductory Lecture to us: 

Omne tulit punctum J. S. Watson 

Quid miscuit utile cum dulce. 

[Addressed] — Oct: 1800 
Citizen David Watson 

By Mail, to be lodged at Richmond, P. office. 


Williamsburg January 17th. 1801 
Brother Davy, 

It seems but just that I should acknowledge myself indebted 
to you in the way of letter writing. By your last of the 7th. 
it appears that you had not then received a line from me. 
However, had it not been for what I suppose a rascally negli- 
gence in the Post-masters, we should have been upon a balance 

27 The only student from Stafford in 1797 was George Banks. 


in this respect. It has become very fashionable of late, for 
a letter, after performing a route almost throughout the States, 
to return again to the same place from which it set out. Per- 
haps after weeks hence I may meet with the letters I wrote 
you soon after my arrival here, in the Wms. Burgh P. office. 
My letters to you, I directed to be lodged at the Richmond 
P. Office. About a fortnight ago I wrote one to my father, 
directed to Yanceyville, Via Columbia. 

Certainly, there must have occurred in your part of the 
State, some important revolution in the nature of things. A 
wedding in the neighborhood of the springs will be a phe- 
nomenon no less extraordinary than the Meteor you mentioned. 
Indeed, you ask whether I am willing to resign my sweet- 
heart to you. Had the request been made any other person, I 
dare say I should have hesitated upon it, and my selfishness 
would have kept her S. M. as long as possible. But to you I 
resign her most willingly. Nothing could give me more heart- 
felt delight, than to be a spectator of the ceremony and a 
witness to the compact by which she shall be made my sister. 
But my duty to myself, my friends, to her, (for she will then 
be one of them) forbids this. Give her my best love. — Give 
my love, particularly, to Polly Minor too, the next time you 
see her. Tell her that I would express a wish to her: but 
she knows what she has taught me on the subject of wishes. 

We have had no weddings in Wms. Burg lately: but a mul- 
tiplicity of deaths. The last fall proved very fatal to the old 
people of this place. The cause, I suppose, must have been 
the sudden and violent changes of the weather, which were 
so great as to shake even the stoutest constitutions. 

Wm. & Mary prospers. The number of her students is 
about sixty. In a former letter I acquainted you with the 
subjects of my study here. In the Political Course we are 
advanced as far as Smith.* We have read Rousseau. The 

*The editor once owned a volume of the Wealth of Nations, with 
"Robert Stanard, William and Mary College, 1798", on a fly leaf. It 
was borrowed by some friend and never returned. The home of this 
prodigal is still open to it. 

For some time this was the earliest date Dr. Tyler could find for 
the use of Smith at the College, but he now thinks it may perhaps be 
dated from 1784. 


Bishop has introduced Locke upon Government which we have 
read also. I have also read Paine's Rights of Man and a short 
dissertation of his upon the subject of Government. These 
three are authors, I believe, the most celebrated, and, perhaps, 
the most excellent that have written upon the Science of Poli- 
ticks. I suppose it will be considered an act of treason against 
truth, to utter a syllable to the prejudice of Rousseau. When 
I reflect upon the mighty fame which his treatise of the Social 
Compact has acquired, I almost tremble at accusing him of 
error. But when I listen to the suggestions of my individual 
understanding, I am compelled to declare that I think his 
work open to most important objections. Socrates was once 
presented with a work of Heraclitus, a celebrated philosopher 
of Ephesus. Having read it, and being asked how he liked it, 
he replied, "What I understand of it is excellent. I doubt 
not but the rest of it is too. But you risk drowning your- 
self in it, if you are not as skillful as a Delian Diver." Is not 
this, in a measure, applicable to Rousseau. 

Locke, upon the fundamental principals of Gov. is excellent. 
But when he endeavours to apply and fit these principles to 
the English Constitution, he is obliged to give them a most 
cruel distortion. Another great fault in Locke is, that he 
is so exceptionally diffuse, and beats the same track contin- 
ually over again, that he almost exhausts the patience of the 

I know not what objection may be urged against Paine. His 
style is some times perhaps a little loose. But he pursues 
truth by so direct a line, and expresses himself in a manner 
so forcibly impressive, that every one must read him with 
exalted admiration and delight. 

Poor Mr. 's confinement here has produced no good 

effect. The physician and Directors are of opinion that longer 
confinement will have no tendency to restore him. In conse- 
quence of which, I believe, his friends intend to take him home 

Another example of the reading of William and Mary students which 
has survived, is five volumes of an edition of Shakespeare (no date) 
"Printed for J. and R. Tonson in the Strand", each volume having the 
signature of "J. Eggleston, W. M. C. 1774". 


again. I wrote to his wife yesterday. — My love to Mamma 
and the girls. Also to Mrs. Quarles and family, if you see 
them. — I shall write you more frequently hereafter. 

J. S. Shelton. 
[Addressed] Feb: 1801 
Mr. David Watson 
Via Columbia 


March 2nd., A. R. 25 
Brother Davy, 

Mr. Mallory who passed through here two or three days 
ago on his way down to the Oister rocks, promised to call on 
his return tomorrow or next day, and take up letters from me. 
The election of Jefferson has caused a joy universal, at least 
throughout our State; perhaps we may say, with very little 
exception, throughout the United States. The news of it pro- 
duced at Wm. & Mary that animated joy, which you no 
doubt suppose it naturally excited. Indeed, to be candid, I 
think our joy almost bordered on madness. Immediately after 
the intelligence arrived, the Students assembled to the num- 
ber of nearly 60, and marched in a body down the street, with 
shouts, huzzas, whirling of hats Etc. Our enthusiasm spread, 
I believe thro the whole town. As we passed along we were 
hailed by man [and] woman, hurra, hurra for Jefferson. 
As we passed down the street opposite Judge Tuckers, the old 
fellow came out, overjoyed at the news as much as any of us, 
and insisted on our going in and taking a glass of wine with 
him 28 . At the conclusion of this business, nothing would 
content the lads but an oration to be delivered on the fourth 

28 At the present day this account sounds as if it were 

"but of the stuff that dreams are made of". 

If the present owner of the Tucker house should, at his front gate, 
invite but one student to take a drink, he would probably land in jail 
as violating several laws. 


of March. They thought fit to impart the task of delivering it 
upon myself. I am sorry that this part of the amusement 
must unavoidably fail. The very day after the appointment I 
was taken unwell, confined to my bed for several days; and 
I am just now beginning to do business again. This loss of 
time has put it totally out of my power to prepare for the 
occasion. 'However, things are not to pass away without any 
farther amusement. A splendid Ball is to be given at the 
Raleigh 29 on Wednesday night, in celebration of the election. 

29 The Raleigh Tavern was for many years the most noted hostelry 
in Virginia. It was not only frequently the social centre of Williams- 
burg and the whole colony, but just before the Revolution it was also 
a political centre. It was situated in the north side of Duke of 
Gloucester Street, between Botetourt Street and the Capitol and had, 
over its front door, a leaden bust of Raleigh. The large assembly or 
ball-room was called the Apollo, doubtless from the room of that name 
in the Devil Tavern, London, where Raleigh, Ben Jonson and their 
friends were in the habit of meeting. It was a long room with a fire 
place at each end and doors at the sides of the fire places. Beneath 
the windows and above the mantel was wainscotting. Over the mantel- 
piece was the motto "Hilaritas Sapientiae et bonae vitae proles. 1 " 

The house was built before 1735 for in that year Dr. Archibald Blair 
sold it to Henry Wetherburn. Wetherburn was for years a famous 
host and must have been a noted punch-maker, for there is on record 
in Goochland County a deed by which William Randolph, of "Tucka- 
hoe", conveyed 200 acres to his friend and connection, Peter Jefferson 
(father of the President) for the consideration of "Harry Wether- 
burn's biggest bowl of arrack punch". 

For more than a hundred years every man or woman of prominence 
in Virginia was at some time in the Raleigh. The Apollo was the 
scene of balls, dinners and other festivities. In 1764 Jefferson, writing 
to a friend, states that the night before he had been "as happy as 
dancing with Belinda in the Apollo could make him". And, probably, 
down to its destruction by fire in 1859 there was no other student of 
William and Mary who did not dance in the Apollo with his Belinda 
of the moment. On Nov. 5, 1751, Governor Dinwiddie, just arrived in 
Virginia, was given a dinner at the Raleigh, and in October, 1768, 
Governor, Lord Botetourt, who also had just come, had a similar 
reception. A few years before, in October, 1765, when George Mercer, 
the distributor of stamps for Virginia, had announced that he would 
not execute his office until he received instructions from England, he 
was taken by cheering crowds to the Raleigh and given the inevitable 
dinner. In 1773 the English traveller, J. F. D. Smythe, was in 
Williamsburg and states that he dined very agreeably at the Raleigh 
and drank exceedingly good Madeira. 

In the troubled times preceding the Revolution, politics took the 
place of society at the Raleigh. We have no record of it, but, judging 
from later happenings, we may feel sure that earnest conferences at the 
Raleigh preceded Henry's famous resolutions of 1765. When, on May 
16, 1769, the Burgesses passed strong resolutions in regard to colonial 
rights, and Lord Botetourt dissolved the Assembly, the members re- 

The Raleigh Tavern 

The Apollo Room 


This circumstance has occasioned a very astonishing and 
unnecessary interruption of business here. Indeed, I am sorry 

paired to the Raleigh, and in the Apollo adopted a non-importation 
agreement, drawn by George Mason and offered by George Washington. 
Again, in March, 1773, when, as Campbell says, "the horizon was 
darkened by gathering clouds," a few members of the House of Bur- 
gesses, Henry, Jefferson, R. H. and F. L. Lee, Dabney Carr and two 
or three others, were in th habit of meeting in a private room at the 
Raleigh to consult on the state of affairs. They planned the system of 
Committees of Correspondence and Carr, in conformity with their 
agreement, offered a series of resolutions in the House. The passage 
of these resolutions produced a great effect on the English Ministry. 

On May 26, 1774, the Assembly protested against the closing of the 
port of Boston, and appointed a day of fasting, prayer and humiliation. 
On the next day Dunmore dissolved them, and, as on previous occa- 
sions, they repaired to the Raleigh, and in the Apollo, adopted reso- 
lutions against the use of tea and recommended the holding of a 
Continental Congress. 

But the Raleigh and the Apollo were not used for political purposes 
alone at this time. On Dec. 5, 1776, Phi Beta Kappa was organized in 
this famous room and here, for some years, the Society held its meet- 
ings. On Feb. 22, 1779, the birthday of Washington was celebrated by 
"a very elegant entertainment" at the Raleigh and on Nov. 1st, 1783, 
the general peace and the final establishment of American independence 
was joyously celebrated in Williamsburg by a parade, etc., which was 
to end at the Raleigh, where those taking part were to spend the rest 
of the evening. There was, no doubt, a mighty ebb in the cellars before 
that evening was over. 

The Raleigh was familiar to the Masons. St. John's day, 1779, was 
celebrated by Williamsburg Lodge by a dance in the Apollo at which 
Hon. John Blair, grand master of Virginia, was a guest, and in Decem- 
ber, 1780, the Grand Lodge of Virginia met in the same room. 

For many years the Raleigh continued to be the favorite place in 
Williamsburg for balls, political or business meetings. The students' 
final balls were frequently held there as were the alumni dinners. 

About the last notice we have of these festivities is in the diary of 
the late Col. William Winston Fontaine. On Feb. 9, 1859, he was 
present at the alumni dinner in the Apollo. General Henry A. Wise 
was one of the speakers. Col. Fontaine says: 

"Governor Wise in his graphic style, drew a picture of the gather- 
ing of the members of the House of Burgesses and a few other gentle- 
men in this old room just after the dissolution of the House. He 
mentioned that when a boy, he had visited the Apollo, in company with 
an old gentleman who had been present on that memorable occasion; 
and that the latter had described to young Wise the appearance of these 
fathers of the Revolution, the groups that were formed, and had 
pointed out the places in the room occupied by the different distin- 
guished men. 'Twas there George Washington stood ; — there Patrick 
Henry with his friend George Mason; — there, Richard Henry Lee; 
there, Thomas Jefferson'." 

For most of the information contained in this note we are indebted 
to Dr. Tyler's History of Williamsburg, and his William and Mary 

The Senate of Phi Beta Kappa has approved a plan to erect on the 
College grounds an exact reproduction of the Apollo, which will be a 


to perceive that with a great number of our young men the 
love of Science seems to be entirely wanting; and that habits 
of indolence and some degree of dissipation are too prevalent. 
This disposition has lately given rise to a circumstance which 
threatened to prove very prejudicial to the reputation of the 
College. About a fortnight ago, a party of them, after an 
oister supper, resolved to amuse themselves by putting the 
town to rights 30 . But pulling down the palings of the yards 
and gardens of several of the inhabitants, they committed a 
damage far too great for any f rolick of that kind ; were such 
frolicks pardonable under any circumstances. The Society 
took the affair under their consideration. And after an ex- 
amination of a part of the Students (those only who lived 
in College) and a weak and hesitating behaviour on the part 
of those who were engaged in the mischief, came to a reso- 
lution of suspending them for the remainder of the course. 
The commencement of the suspension was postponed for sev- 
eral days after the resolution. Meanwhile the parties came 
forward with confessions and acknowledgements, in consider- 
ation of which the Sentence was repealed, and the penalty of 
censure adopted in its stead. And on Tuesday a censure was 
passed upon them, to the number of six. This I am in hopes 
will stifle a foolish kind of vanity which appeared to prompt 
many to acts of disorder and indecorum. 

I informed you sometime ago that I wanted remittances of 
money. I suppose an opportunity of conveyance has not yet 
offered. I doubt whether the Post (via Col.) would be a sure 

memorial to this famous Society. Though not so stated, this is, no 
doubt one of the good works of Dr. J. A. C. Chandler, the present 
President, who is doing so much for the old College. 

It is hoped that the members of Phi Beta Kappa will contribute 
liberally to the erection of this memorial. 

30 College students, may, for a time, feed on such heady diet as 
Rousseau, Paine and Godwin, they may head their letters "A. R.", and 
call each other "Citizen" ; but for all that they are naturally a most 
conservative race. "Putting the town to rights" — words and act came 
down to modern times. There must still be old citizens in Williams- 
burg who recall (as some "old boys" do) waking up one Sunday 
morning and finding the Duke of Gloucester Street, at Bruton Church, 
blocked with, apparently, all the outhouses, carriages, wagons and carts 
in town, and these decorated with signs from the offices of the legal 
and medical practitioners of the time. 


way. Tho from Richmond they might come by the Stage with 
the greatest * * * safety. 

I am desired by Cabell to inform you, that the employment 
which Judge Tucker's impetuous Lectures give him, is so 
great, that he has been obliged to neglect the correspondence 
of all his friends. But as soon as they terminate he will be sure 
to make all deficiencies. 

By this time, I suppose, I may claim a new Sister. Give 
my best love to her. Afs. 

J. S. Watson 
[Addressed] Mar: 1801 

Citizen David Watson — Louisa. — Mr. Mallory 


Williamsburg, Va., 

-r, . ^ April 1st, Anno 25 

Brother Davy, F ' ° 

If I am not much mistaken you are now several letters in 
my debt. Perhaps you may be ignorant of this. For I am 
yet doubtfull whether any of my letters by the post have yet 
reached you. I suppose though that my last, to my Father, 
reached him in proper time, since by his direction, agreeably 
to my request, Mitchell and Gardner transmitted me a few 
days ago, the sum of Eighty Dollars. 

I have no news worth relating. The Argus 31 has acquainted 
you with the manner in which we celebrated the election of 
Jefferson. How we failed as to the oration, I have already 
informed you in a letter I wrote about the first of March. 
Except the declaration and establishment of American Inde- 
pendance, perhaps the annals of Modern History can not record 
a circumstance more truly glorious, or more fortunate not 
only for America, but for mankind in general. The conduct 
of the late administration threatened us with a relapse, which 
would have been ruinous to America, joyfull to tyrants, and 
unfortunate to the human race. But with Jefferson, Madison 

31 There are no newspapers in any Richmond library covering April 
and May, 1801. It is probable that the grand jury presentment re- 
ferred to in the next letter had something of a political character. 


and perhaps Gallatin at the head of affairs, I trust a great 
example will be given to the world, that a Republican Gov- 
ernment, as far from being deficient in strength and stability, 
is the only one which can secure substantial and permanent 

My studies, tho considerably more easy and agreeable than 
they were last year, require of me, notwithstanding, consider- 
able labour and exertion. Few sciences, if any, are more ab- 
struse are intricate than that of political economy. Yet the 
extensive information, the comprehensive and powerful talents 
of Smith, have thrown upon the subject a light which I believe 
no other man could have given. In this study I have felt, 
most forcibly, the inconvenience of having never studied a 
system of Geography. Upon the subject of politicks (taking 
this term in the common acceptation) I feel the necessity of 
Historical information. A man by reading the works of 
Rousseau, Locke, and Paine, may certainly acquire important 
ideas upon the subject. But here he is always obliged, in a 
measure, to take the [their?] ideas. On the contrary he who 
has a knowledge of history and has founded his ideas on fact, 
feels himself fixed upon a law which nothing can ever shake. 

I have been engaged for several evenings in the construction 
of an Air-balloon. I'll let you know in my next whether it 
succeeds. I got a letter from George, a few days ago. He is 
much pleased with his situation. My love to Sister Sally as 
well as to my mother and other sisters. 

Yrs. J. S. Watson. 
[Addressed] Citizen David Watson 

Attorney at Law 

To be left at Yanceyville via Columbia 


^ . _. Williamsburg, May 7th. 1801. 

Brother Davy, to J ' 

You have probably thought me tardy in answering your 

letter by R. Johnson. Agreeably to your directions, I trans- 


mitted your letter to Jones along with one from myself. I 
acquainted him with your letter to me ; and informed him that 
I had enquired after the books, had found an old copy of 
Locke on Toleration, and a broken copy of Hume (first vol- 
ume wanting) which I supposed to be the books referred to, 
that as soon as I could ascertain them to be the same I would 
send them, with the other books if they could be procured, to 
Mr. Armistead in Hampton. I find since that they are the 
books and expect to get the whole of them. 

The newspapers have advertised us of your election and, 
in addition to this, of your presentment by the Grand Jury. 
I have since seen and conversed with Judge Tucker upon the 
subject. He seemed to consider that a very serious matter. 
The court, he said, he expected would transmit an account of 
the business to the Executive. What connection the Judiciary 
and Executive may have with one another I know not. If 
they have none in this case, I believe it would strike every 
mind, not accustomed to the crooked proceedings of the Law, 
as a gross absurdity that a Grand Jury should make present- 
ment to the Court on which they have not the least power of 
acting. Yet I am told that this is a common practice. I 
should like to know what steps you suppose will be taken in 
case the matter should come before the Assembly. The Dis- 
trict Court of this place is now sitting. Two criminal cases 
have been determined. The crimes were petty, but each crim- 
inal condemned to confinement in the penitentiary. These two 
cases tend very much to convince me of the important utility 
of that institution. Henderson, who is Mayor of the Town, 
has been presented for absence at the last term of election, in 
consequence of which no poll for the Town was held. 

I mentioned to you in my last letter that I was then engaged 
in the construction of a Balloon 32 . Since that time the Spirit 
for Balloons has been in a rage amongst us. In the first at- 
tempt only two of us were concerned. We constructed one of 
a globular form and six feet in diameter. We attempted to 

32 Ever since the discoveries and the ascensions of the Montgolfier 
brothers, and Charles and De Rozier in 1783, there had been very great 
interest in balloons. This seems to have been the first time one had 
been seen in Williamsburg. 


raise it on the C. House green 33 . The wind blowing rather 
fresh at the time, we thought to take advantage of it by going 
near the walls of the C. House where the current was some- 
what broken. Here we set fire to our spirits turpentine, which 
was fixed to the mouth of the Balloon, held it, 'till sufficiently 
heated, and then let it go. It rose, but, unluckily, the C. 
House, which broke the current of wind, formed an eddy. 
This drew our balloon against the eaves of the house. It 
tilted, took fire, and our hopes were blasted. This, which hap- 
pened in the presence of a pretty numerous concourse, was a 
little mortifying to young philosophers. We resolved to have 
up one at all events. Two or three other students joined us. 
We constructed another eight feet diameter; attempted to 
raise it near the same spot ; and a second time we failed not so 
much, I must confess from accident as from our own impru- 
dence. Our credit, and we even thought the credit of the 
College was now at stake. One must be raised. Other stu- 
dents became warmly interested; and we formed a company 
which went under the denomination of the Balloon Company. 
We constructed another very beautiful one, of * * * teen 
feet diameter, and ornamented it with sixteen blue stars. 
We again paraded on the Green. The evening was pleasant, 
and a numerous concourse was assembled. And indifferent 
spectators would have laughed at the trembling caution with 
which we now proceeded. This time we made use of spirits 
of Wine which gives a greater heat with less flame when suf- 
ficiently heated and expanded we let it loose. It rose gently 
into the air, and a general shout rose with it. I never saw so 
great and so universal delight as it gave to the spectators. 
And every one acknowledged that he had never seen a more 
beautiful spectacle when it had flown to a considerable dis- 
tance, it bore a very striking resemblance to a moon in 

33 Williamsburg has two "greens", the Court, or Court House Green, 
and the Palace Green. They add considerable attraction to the city 
and at the proper season the buttercups make them fields of gold. The 
Court House Green, on which the experiments were made lies between 
Duke of Gloucester and Nicholson Streets, and was known in colonial 
days as the Market Square. The Palace Green extends from Duke of 
Gloucester Street to the site of the old Governor's "Palace". 


partial eclipse. I shall write for money in my next. My love 
to Sister S. 

J. S. Watson. 
[Addressed] Mr. David Watson 

Attorney at Law 

To be left at Louisa C. House 

No newspapers — none of the W. T. nor of the ex'rs for any 

W. L. [Probably written by a post-master] 


February 17th 34 

To day I have dined with a considerable company of gentle- 
men, most of whom are conspicuous in our country, not only 
on account of the high character which they sustain for tal- 
ents, but also because they hold some of the principal and 
most important officers in the gift of their country. On this 
company were Marshall, the chief Justice of the United States, 
Washington, Patterson, Cushing and Johnson, Judges of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, Helty, one of the Judges 
of the District of Columbia, and the celebrated and once im- 
portant, Rob: G. Harper. If you are like myself, you have a 
curiosity, when you hear of men of any considerable standing 
in society, to know something, not only of their talents, but 
also of their personal appearance and manners. Of the talents 
of these men, it is impossible that I can say much. Of Gen- 
erall Marshall, you know more than I do. Washington is a 
small man about the size of our friend John Quarles of Flu- 
vanna, (excepting that he is not so fleshy) handsomely shaped, 
fine features, very fine eyes, one which has a small blemish 
in it, which I think, so far from injuring the expression of his 
countenance, renders it more striking and interesting, and, 

34 The year in which this letter was written does not appear ; but the 
impeachment referred to was probably that of Judge Samuel Chase 
in 1804. 



withal, is in his manners, exceedingly genteel, easy, affable and 
agreeable. Cushing is, in person, and I suspect also in intel- 
lect, our old Judge Jones over again. Harper appears to me 
to be a complete fop, both in manners and understanding. He 
stands uncommonly erect, fixes his two thumbs in the arm- 
holes of his waist-coat, draws his chin within his cravat, and 
struts and swells like bursting with vanity. When the com- 
pany are invited from the parlour to the dining room is he 
about to leave the room before other gentlemen ? — Heavens ! — 
He shrinks back with horror ! — and would sooner yield up his 
life than commit such indecorum. — I shall say nothing of the 
other gentlemen, as there is nothing very remarkable in them. 
After dinner, while the wine was circulating, the conversa- 
tion became very general and very mixed. Each couple, al- 
most had its topic. Politics, Agriculture, economy of fuel 
Etc. I was particularly struck with some part of the Political 
conversations. Judge Washington was of opinion that the 
City 35 would never grow to any consideration magnitude (an 
opinion, by the by, in which he is not very singular) — His 
reasons for thinking so were twofold. First, that the present 
government could not exist for any considerable length of 
time — Secondly, that if it should, this would not long remain 
the seat of the Government. Messrs. Marshall and R. G. 
Harper had been for some considerable time engaged in very 
earnest conversation. My attention was arrested by expres- 
sions from Mr. Harper, to this effect. — I would have the Vice- 
President to come into office at the age of twenty years. At 
the age of twenty-five he should marry. He should remain in 
office till forty. He should then be President, and remain in 
office till sixty. Then he should retire, with a salary sufficient 
to support his dignity. The conversation continued to this 
effect. So long as the present election system continues we 
can have no President. We must be involved in Civil War. 
From these dangers I should be perfectly willing to take refuge 
under Hereditary Monarchy. — The Chief Justice seemed to 

35 Washington. 


concur in all these sentiments either by verbal expressions or 
nods of the head. 

J. S. Watson. 
P. S. February 19th. 

The conversations and expressions which I have detailed tO' 
you above, will serve to confirm in the opinion which I believe 
you have for some considerable time entertained, that there is- 
an Aristocratic and Monarchical faction within the United 
States; and that it consists of those who have hitherto taken, 
refuge under the cloak of Federalism. 

The impeachment, which is still proceeding, has been ren- 
dered rather tedious and uninteresting, by the lengthy, re- 
dundant details, of the numerous witnesses, who have been 
examined. It is said that the evidence will be done today. 
It has been suggested also, that the case will be submitted to; 
the Senate without any argument on the part of the Managers 
and councel. 

I have relinquished the idea of going to Philadelphia, on 
account of the protraction of the trial, and the very bad order 
of the roads. The roads have been almost literally impassable- 
Even within the limits of the City, three or four hacks have 
been stalled at once. If the trial should terminate with the 
examination of evidence as above stated I shall start home 
sometime in the course of this week. If it should not, it will 
probably be next week before I start. 

J. S. Watson. 

[Post marked] Washington City, Feb. 19 

David Watson (Attorney at Law) 
•Near Louisa Ct. House, Va. 

[See Note 21, page 132."] 
Party Violence, 1790- 1800. 

Beginning with the different views in regard to the Constitution of 
the United States, each year of the last decade of the eighteenth 
century seemed to add new fuel to the flames of party discord. The 
French Revolution, the Jay treaty, Monroe's mission to France, that 
of Pinckney, Marshall and Gerry, the X. Y. Z. business, the Alien and 


Sedition laws, the Jonathan Robins case, alike increased the intensity 
of feeling between the Federalists and the Republicans. The latter were 
ardent admirers of France and the French Revolution, the former held 
exactly contrary views, and leaned to England. It was, however, the 
enactment of the Alien and Sedition laws which brought matters to a 
climax and produced a saturnalia of political antagonism and political 
and personal abuse such as has rarely been seen in any country in the 
world. In none of the States was the excitement greater than in Vir- 
ginia, where the large majority of the people, in spite of exceptions 
which included many eminent men, like Washington, Marshall and 
Henry Lee, was enthusiastically for the Republican party. 

In the heat of the contest the wisest and soberest men seemed to have 
lost their balance and become panic stricken. Washington, who is of 
course known to have been a leader of the Federal party, expressed the 
greatest dread of what would be the result if the policy of the Repub- 
licans was successful. In a letter in 1799 to John Tayloe, of "Mt. 
Airy," a Federalist, who had been elected to the State Senate by a very 
close vote and who having been also offered a commission in the army, 
wrote to him for advice, he said : "I am inclined to believe that your 
services in the civil line in the present crisis of our affairs and the 
temper in particular in which this State appears to be (if it is fair 
to form a judgment from the acts of its Legislature) would be more 
important. The first [military service] is contingent, and may or may 
not be called for according to the doings of the latter. The second is 
in existence, and [requires?] I may venture to add, the immediate exer- 
tions of the friends of order and good government to prevent the evils 
which it is too apparent another description of men among us are 
endeavoring to involve the United States." It may be a misconstruc- 
tion of Washington's words, but it looks very much like an intimation 
that military force might be used against "another description of men." 

In a review of the recently published autobiography of Van Buren, 
the following, bearing on Washington's partisanship appears : 

"One of the best parts of the book is his recital of the inside 
history of things that happened before his time, most of which he 
gained from conversations with Jefferson, though he was acquainted 
with other patriots of the Revolution. His story of how Washington 
won Patrick Henry from what we should now call the Democratic side 
to that of such extreme Federalism that Henry declared a State to be, 
in its relation to the nation, no more than a county in its relation to 
the State, is of graphic interest. In fact, he relates such stories of 
Washington's participation in party politics after his retirement from 
the Presidency as to warrant him in saying, as he does, that Washing- 
ton's death before he could embroil himself in further local political 
work for the losing Federalist Party was a fortunate thing for his 

In the other party, Jefferson wrote, in October, 1798, that he believed 
the Alien and Sedition acts were experiments on the American mind, 
to see if they would bear an open violation of the Constitution. If 
so, then another act making Adams President for life would surely 
follow, and then another fixing the succession in his family. 

Madison, writing to Jefferson May 20, 1798, says, "The alien bill 
proposed in the Senate is a monster that must forever disgrace its 
parents," and again, that "President Adams' letter to the young men 
of Pennsylvania is the most damnable and degrading that could fall 
from the lips of the first magistrate of an independent people" ; that 
Adams "is verifying completely the last feature of the character 


drawn of him by Dr. Franklin, however his title may stand to first 
two, 'always an honest man, often a wise man, sometimes wholly out 
of his senses.' " 

Smaller men in both parties slandered and abused without restraint. 
A Federal paper in New England charges Monroe with loving France 
and the interests of France better than the United States, and says 
"that New England men were shrewd enough to guess the reason why," 
i. e., that he was bribed. Inconstancy, infidelity and ingratitude were 
among the charges made by the Federalists against Monroe in regard 
to his French mission. Jefferson was a "French tool," an "Atheist," 
and about everything else that was bad. 

New England religious bigotry added its bitterness and clamor on 
the Federal side, and Jefferson was a favorite object of attack. One 
New Englander, in "An address to Thomas Jefferson," calls the Repub- 
licans "a combination of ambitious desperadoes formed to root out of 
human society every principle by which the lusts and passions of men 
are restrained." And then, after a violent tirade against Jefferson's 
noble bill for religious freedom passed by the Virginia Legislature in 
1786 he says, "We shall soon see the monarchy of Heaven condemned 
in its turn by the revolutionary tribunal of victorious reason." This^ 
prophecy was, in one sense, carried out by Bishop Madison, of Vir- 
ginia, who, according to the old story, never used the words "Kingdom 
of Heaven," but "Republic of Heaven, where all are free and equal." 

Another New England parson made a great to do over his alleged 
discovery that a mysterious French society, "The Illuminati," whose 
objects were the promulgation of all sorts of dreadful atheistic and 
revolutionary doctrines, had been introduced into Virginia and was 
rapidly spreading over the Union. 

The Republicans, on their part, were just as violent. A writer in 
the New York Journal, October, 1795, signing "A Calm Observer," 
but who was supposed to be John Beckley, of Virginia, then clerk of 
the House of Representatives, and formerly clerk of the Virginia House 
of Delegates, virtually accused Washington of being a thief, and rob- 
bing the country by overdrawing his salary. The shameless abuse of 
the same great man by some Republican papers is well known. The 
London Gentleman's Magazine gives an instance which shows how 
violent party spirit then was. It appears to have been the custom at 
the time, after the complimentary toasts had been drunk, to drink what 
was called "a round of rascals." At a dinner given by some American 
merchants at Bordeaux, France, the first of the "rascals" to whom 
condemnation was drunk was George Washington. 

The Republicans styled the Federalists Tories, Aristocrats and British 
hirelings; "Aristocratic banditti of Georgetown" and say that "our 
mushroom, stock-jobbing, New England aristocrats hold out language 
at Boston and Philadelphia, that Sylla in the midst of his massacres 
and his legions durst not have held at Rome." The Federalist vocabu- 
lary in describing the Republicans was even more extensive ; Jacobins, 
anarchists, disorganizers, atheists, anti-federalists, French pensioners, 
and sons of sedition. 

"Jacobins" and "Aristocrats," political terms borrowed from France, 
then the cynosure of the world, seem, however, to have been the 
favorite party nicknames. It is amusing to read in the Richmond 
Examiner (the leading Republican paper here, then owned and edited 
by Meriwether Jones) that many copies of Calender's "Prospect Be- 
fore Us," had not been received by the subscribers, and that this had 
occurred most often in the counties where the "postmasters are aris- 


tocrats ." There are, by the way, frequent charges of mail being de- 
tained or destroyed, and later, in 1802, Callender says in his vile 
"Recorder," in which much abuse of Wm. B. Giles had been published, 
that the mail rider was afraid to take copies of that paper to Amelia 
(Giles' county) because he thought he would be mobbed. 

In Virginia, as has been said, party spirit ran high. In 1795 the 
Virginia Gazette (which soon after became Federal in its sentiments) 
printed a long account of the "Death of Liberty," occasioned by Jay's 
treaty with England. In the same year, in the Virginia Legislature, a 
resolution expressing undiminished confidence in Washington failed to 
pass, though later another disclaiming any imputation on his motives 
was adopted by a majority of 16, in a House of 140 members. 

It was charged by the Republicans that the United States juries were 
packed by the marshals, and there seems some ground for this. It 
was the custom at that time for members of Congress to print circular 
letters to their constituents giving an account of what they had done 
and their views on public affairs. In May, 1797, the grand jury of the 
U. S. Circuit Court in Richmond presented "as a real evil the circular 
letters of several members of the late Congress, and particularly letters 
with the signature of Samuel J. Cabell, endeavoring in time of public 
danger to disseminate unfounded calumnies against the happy govern- 
ment of the United States, and therefore to separate the people there- 
from, and to produce or increase foreign influence ruinous to the 
present happiness and independence of the United States." Mr. Cabell 
was, of course, a Republican. 

The actions of the Federalists formed the best excuse for the words 
of the Republicans. The gods had determined to destroy them, and 
first made them mad. But, indeed, in the years from 1798 to 1800, when 
party feeling reached its acme of bitterness, both parties seem at times 
to be quite mad. In Virginia the feeling against the Alien and Sedition 
laws was intense. Petitions and addresses flowed in from the counties. 
The students of William and Mary celebrated the 4th of July, 1798, by 
parading with a representation of President Adams receiving a "Royal 
Address," and searching through a bundle of ready-made answers for 
a reply. 

In the same year a Federal mob at Fredericksburg chained the effigy 
of Gallatin to the stocks for two days, and in turn John Marshall was 
insulted in the theatre at the same place by a Republican mob, who 
declared that he should have the same treatment that Matthew Lyon 
received at Trenton and New Brunswick; that is, being grossly insulted, 
hustled about, and marched out of town with a band playing the 
Rogues' March. These outrages were not, however, carried out in the 
Virginia town. 

It happens, unfortunately, that we have no Richmond newspapers for 
1798, so the details of the exciting session when the resolutions of 
1798-9 were adopted cannot be obtained. Jefferson wrote that he had 
never seen such bitterness of party feeling, and that even the bonds of 
social intercourse had nearly been destroyed. This is confirmed by 
the testimony of an old citizen of Richmond, who died some years ago, 
and whose grandfather had been a member of the House of Delegates 
in that famous year. This gentleman told him that members of the 
different parties would not live at the same taverns or boarding- 
houses, and walked on different sides of the street. He recalled a 
fight which had been caused by Mr. Cureton (a Federal member) 
coming into a Republican tavern. 
The newspapers of course took an active part in the fray. One 


whose attention had not been called to the details of the history of 
this period will be astonished at the quantity and quality of the abuse 
and slander appearing in the columns of the papers, and especially by 
the violence of the attacks of editors on each other. During this 
stormy time a person fully qualified to take the lead in this torrent of 
foul and odious controversy drifted to Richmond. This was John 
Thompson Callender, a Scotchman, who had been obliged to fly his 
country for political offences. He was a writer of some ability, but a 
man without shame, and without principle. Apparently he was also 
without fear of any punishment he might incur. This fellow became 
one of the principal writers on the Examiner, and mud-slinger-in-chief 
to the Republican party of Virginia. Parties at all times seem to have 
employed such people — men whom they were secretly ashamed of, but 
who would say things which the decent men of the party are ashamed 
to say, but which they do not object to having said. One of the edi- 
tors of the Virginia Federalist says that Callender is a fugitive from 
the gallows, and a filthy fellow. The latter retorts by saying the word 
filthy might be fitly used, if he (Callender), like his opponent, was 
afflicted with a loathsome disease (which he names without circum- 

Meriwether Jones, the owner of the Examiner, was never guilty of 
such foulness as this, but speaks of a writer in the Federalist as "not 
even born with common sense or common decency," and of another, 
that his only reply to another such attack, as had appeared in the 
Federalist, "will be the horsewhip." For the year 1799 we have more 
information. It appears that in August of that year a party of 
Federalists met at the Swan Tavern and determined to drive Callender 
out of town. They did not succeed in carrying this plan into execu- 
tion; but the wildest reports soon spread as to their intentions. It 
was said that they intended to destroy the Examiner office, and it was 
believed by many they intended to go to even greater lengths. A writer 
from Richmond in the Philadelphia Aurora, says, commenting on the 
plot, that "by accounts from Goochland, Chesterfield, and Hanover it is 
clearly ascertained that if an attack had been made on the office we 
should have had a visit from our neighbors in the country. The 
Virginia farmers knew that if Mr. Callender had been driven out, the 
mob would then have turned to Mr. Jones, and so on until the Assem- 
bly itself had been bullied." "In Goochland it was said that the Exam- 
iner office had actually been burnt by the Tories." The writer "had it 
from General G 1 [Guerrant], that if the rumor had not been speed- 
ily contradicted, we should in six hours have had a visit from 500 
musketeers." "If the country forces had come in," he continues, "they 
would not only have restored Callender and Jones, but as the con- 
spirators would have fled, the destruction of their houses would have 
followed, and half Richmond have been in flames." The correspondent 
thinks that it was a particular mark of ingratitude that Wm. Temple, 
one of the leaders of the plot, had been only ten days before entertained 
at Capt. Jones' house as one of a select party of ladies and gentlemen, 
and as he was a cripple, had received particular attention from Mrs. 
Jones. Another instance of wrongdoing on the part of the party in 
power was that in Alexandria. Powell, a Federal captain brandished 
his cutlass in the face of Mrs. Wescott, for fear she might interfere 
to save her husband from the assault of another hero. "God send us a 
good deliverance from such friends of regular government!" 

In the fall great offense was given to the Republicans by insults 
which they claimed they received at an "assembly" (subscription ball), 


and one man wrote to the Examiner denouncing the affair, and stating 
that the managers had "outraged the cause of common decency, of 
humanity and of society." "One of the Managers" replies in severe 
terms, and says that if the first writer in the Examiner had possessed 
the common resolution of a man, he would not have stalked behind an 
anonymous publication. Whereupon the editor states that he is author- 
ized to give the anonymous writer's name, and the latter writes again, 
thanking the editor for making this statement and speaks of the "piti- 
ful evasion and miserable subterfuge" of which "one of the managers" 
had been guilty. 

When the Legislature met in the fall of 1799 their first work was 
to get rid of their officers of Federalist tendencies. John Stewart, who 
had been clerk of the House of Delegates for several years, but who, 
soon after the session of 1798, had established the "Virginia Federalist," 
in which he had severely criticised the action of the legislature in 
passing the famous resolutions, was defeated by William Wirt, and 
the former speaker of the House, John Wise (father of Governor 
Wise), also a Federalist, was beaten for the office by Colonel Larkin 
Smith, of King and Queen county, who like Wirt, was a Republican. 
Archibald Stuart, of Augusta, also a Republican, was elected Speaker 
of the Senate. 

John Stewart defended himself in his paper, from charges of political 
inconsistency, but Jones of the Examiner, retorted that everybody in 
Richmond knew that he (Stewart) was the first man in the city to 
wear a tricolor cockade — the sign of friendship for France. 

Of more consequence, however, was the election of Governor, which 
was then done by the Legislature. Monroe, the Republican candidate, 
had been the subject of great dislike by the Federal party, from Adams 
down, A Federal member of the House of Delegates opposed his 
election on the ground that it would be a rebuke to the President. 
Elected he was, though by a large majority, and on the next day, 
December 7, the "Va. Federalist" said that the preceding was "a day 
of mourning," and that "Virginia's misfortunes may be comprised in 
one short sentence — Monroe is elected." 

The Republicans were greatly elated at this success and celebrated it 
by firing a "Federal salute," and marching through the streets with 
music. This celebrtion gave great offense to the opposition party, 
some of whom expressed their opinions of it in the Virginia Federalist. 
On December 10 the Examiner took the matter up. It stated that the 
Federalist had thrown much censure on Captain McRae (Alexander 
McRae), and many other reputable citizens who had taken part in the 
celebration. "When General Pinckney (a Federalist) arrived in Rich- 
mond every exertion was used to rally the people around him, but the 
lowest characters in Richmond who 'tramped through mud and mire,' 
never splashed the mud of our streets about with more unseemliness 
than the tip top ministerials did after their public dinner to this fortu- 
nate and successful minister. Music! Music! Music! was the constant 
belching roar. Gentlemen were insulted in taverns, and as for alarm- 
ing women, two ladies, to the knowledge of the writer of this para- 
graph, were affrighted to a serious degree." 

The congressional election between Marshall, Federal, and John 
Clopton, Republican, was another exciting matter. After a hard fight 
Marshall was elected by a small majority. It is believed that at this 
election that Richmond's dear old "Two Parsons" showed in such fine 
contrast with the political preachers of New England. They were 
both Federal in their sympathies, but neither ever mentioned politics in 


a sermon, or ever took any active part. They even disliked to vote. 
At this election they were almost forced to the poll at Henrico C. H., 
when the vote stood about tied. It was thought Marshall would get 
both. One voted for him, and immediately, in the good old fashioned 
viva voce voting style, was thanked by Mr. Marshall. When to the 
great surprise of everyone, the other parson said "I vote for John 
Clopton," who thanked him and said he considered it _ one of the 
greatest honors he had ever received. Then the two clerical brethren 
walked away saying quietly "No one will probably trouble us about 
voting again." The Examiner charged that Marshall's election cost him 
$6,000, and that he carried it in Hanover by dancing around bonfires 
with his constituents, and declaring that his political sentiments did 
not differ from those of Mr. Clopton. Imagine Judge Marshall dancing 
around a bonfire! The Examiner states that Stewart, of the Federal- 
ist, had admitted these facts, but one would like to read the Federalist 
before giving entire credence. 

To add to the confusion, there was then a regiment of regular 
infantry stationed in barracks in Richmond or Manchester. The offi- 
cers, who appear to have been all Virginians, were Federalists to a man 
(indeed the commander-in-chief, Washington, had suggested, and the 
Secretary of War had directed, that no one except of Federal politics 
should be commissioned) and they were very indiscreet in the utter- 
ance of their political opinions. A Lieutenant Pope seems to have 
made himself particularly objectionable to the other party. A charge 
was made that one day, while several officers at the barracks were 
practicing with pistols at a board, Captain Robert King (a Hanover 
county man), said he wished Callender was behind the board. Captain 
Archibald Randolph wrote to the Examiner that Captain King was 
not present at the time mentioned, but that something of the same 
import had fallen from himself. The fact of their opponents being 
military men, however, did not intimidate the Republicans, for many 
men of that party, like Meriwether and Skelton Jones, for instance, 
were great fire-eaters, and experts with the pistol. About this time 
Meriwether Jones fought a duel with James Rind, a rival editor. 

Among the queer stories brought out in the papers at this time, was 
one that General Bowyer, of Virginia, said that Robert Goodloe 
Harper, a pronounced Federalist, had told him that the two chief 
objects of that party were an established religion and an irreducible 
national debt. 

The feeling that it might be necessary to protect the rights of the 
State against Federal encroachment was shown by purchases of large 
quantities of arms and ammunition, the establishment of the State 
Armory at Richmond, of the Public Guard in 1801, and organization 
of volunteer companies, the most notable of which the Richmond 
Light Infantry Blues, dated from 1798. 

Political rancor was for a time subdued by Gabriel's insurrection, 
and the thought of what its consequences might have been; but in a 
short time this too, was dragged into the political caldron. The 
Philadelphia Gazette, of October 7, 1800, declared that Gabriel was not 
a negro, but was the noted Callender, and that he had been examined 
before the Governor, and confessed that the object of the insurrection 
was to secure the election of Jefferson. It is to be wished this wise 
editor of Philadelphia had told us how it was to be done. 

Though the Federalists were not allowed to run Callender out of 
town, yet they had their revenge in June, 1800, when after a trial for 
libel before Judges Chase and Griffin, he was fined and imprisoned in 


the Richmond jail for many months. This did not check his activity, 
however, for his "Prospect Before Us" is dated from the Richmond 
jail. The jail was a wretched place with but little ventilation and no 
fire; but the Federalists were said to have been much offended because 
Mr. Rose, the keeper, occasionally allowed him to get a little fresh air. 

At such a time there were of course a number of political duels. 
One has been referred to. Another was between Col. John Mayo, then 
a candidate for the Legislature, and Mr. William Penn, of Amherst 
county. At the election at Hanover court-house, in the fall of 1800, 
Col. Mayo expressed his disapprobation of the policy of the last Vir- 
ginia Legislatures. Col. Mayo stated in his account, that he heard 
Mr. Penn call him a d — d rascal, and say he was not worthy to black 
the shoes of some of the members. Penn denied the "d — d" but 
acknowledged the other, and a duel, next day near Hanover town took 
place, Col. Mayo being slightly wounded. Some weeks afterwards 
they were both at Fairfield race track, and while Mr. Penn, who was 
unwell, was resting his head on the table in the dining room there, 
Col. Mayo came up and struck him several times with his cane, injuring 
him quite badly. There was intense indignation among the crowd 
present and it took a good deal of coolness and good management to 
get Col. Mayo away safely. Shortly afterwards he expressed in a 
published letter to Mr. Penn his regret that he had allowed his anger 
to cause him to commit such an act ; but the language of the letter was 
not entirely satisfactory to Mr. Penn and his friends, and he again 
challenged Col. Mayo. The latter was however, then under bonds, 
and it is believed the matter was dropped. Col. Mayo seems to have 
been in frequent disputes with Republican opponents. A year or so 
later we read of a violent quarrel between him and John and Lewis 
Harvie, both staunch Republicans. Soon afterwards Charles Wynd- 
ham Grymes, a friend of the Harvies, was killed in a duel by a man 
who happened to be a Federalist, and immediately the Republican 
papers cried out that it was a political murder. In like manner, Cal 
lender, when he had turned coat, and was making his violent attacks 
on the Republicans in "The Recorder," repeatedly called the duel at 
Bloody Run, in which Skelton Jones, of the Examiner, killed young 
Armistead Selden, a "murder." 

At the Presidential election, happily for the country, the Federal 
party was defeated, and Jefferson was elected. Great was the rejoicing 
among Republicans everywhere, but most heartily in Virginia. It was 
determined that this great event should be duly celebrated in Rich- 
mond. A meeting of Republican citizens was held at the Indian Queen 
Tavern, at which George Hay presided, and Dr. John H. Foushee was 
secretary, and it was determined to commemorate the event by a salute, 
dinner and ball. The committee appointed to take charge consisted of 
Dr. William Foushee, David Lambert, Meriwether Jones, Alexander 
McRae, Philip N. Nicholas, Henry L. Biscoe, Thomas Goode, Benjamin 
Hatcher. William Brown, Gervas Storrs, Joseph Selden, Major William 
Price, Nathaniel Wilkinson, Markes Vanderwall, and George Hay, with 
Joseph Gallego as treasurer. James Madison, John Tyler, Wm. B. 
Giles, and the Republican members of Congress were to be invited. 

How thoroughly the spirit of party then affected men's thoughts and 
actions is seen in many different ways. The beginning and the end of 
life were alike under its influence. For example, the elder John Tyler 
advertised for a tutor, but wished a "good Republican." The obituary 
of Willis Riddick, Esq., of Nansemond, which appeared in the Examiner 
of October 24, 1800, stated that he had long been in the Legislature. 


and he had been uniformly and zealously attached to Republican prin- 
ciples * * * as is sufficiently evidenced by his votes during the me- 
morable sessions of '98 and '99." For many years afterwards it appears 
(judging from obituaries in Republican and Democratic papers) to have 
been considered the crowning grace of a well-spent life that "he was 
a staunch supporter of Republican principles and voted for the resolu- 
tions of '98." 

The most violent of all the Republicans was not content with Jef- 
ferson's election. The latter when he took his seat as President re- 
leased Callender from prison, but disappointed at not receiving higher 
rewards this Scotch blackguard in the course of a few months became 
the most outrageous opponent of his former friends. Securing an 
interest in the "Recorder," a Richmond paper, he poured forth a con- 
stant stream of the foulest calumny and abuse. No name and no sub- 
ject was sacred from the attacks of this drunken scoundrel. It seems 
strange that the men of that generation, so ready with the pistol as 
they were, should have allowed Callender to live a day after some of 
his publications. 

It is with great pleasure that at last we read how George Hay 
battered his head with a "bludgeon," as Callender calls it, and when 
the latter said he had never made any very serious accusations against 
him, replied coolly, "No, if you had said about me what you have said 
of others, you would not be alive." It also adds to the pleasure, 
whether the action was wholly legal or not, to find, that a day or two 
later Henrico County Court sentenced Callender to give bond in a 
considerable sum not to print anything of the nature of a libel against 
Mr. Hay, and in default sent him again to jail. When released he and 
his partner in the Recorder soon fell out, and commenced a campaign of 
abuse against each other, to the great delight of the Republicans. Cal- 
lender found a fitting end by falling into Shockoe Creek while drunk, 
and losing his life by drowning. 

At the beginning of the new century it is refreshing to read, as a 
forecast of the "Era of Good Feeling," which was to come, Governor 
Monroe's toast, at a "Republican Festival" in Petersburg, January 29, 
1801, "May the citizens of the United States never forget that the 
preservation of American liberty depends on the preservation of the 
American Union." 




OF VIRGINIA, 1706-1709 


(See Jan. 1921 Magazine.) 

Spotswood's Official Letters, Vol. L, pp. 152-153. Ex- 
tract from Letter Dated May 8th, 17 12. 

"The Baron de Graffenreid is come hither with a design to 
settle himself and sev'll [several] Swiss familys in the fTorks 
of the Patomac, but when he expected to have held his Land 
there of her Majesty, he now finds claims made to it both by 
the Proprietors of Maryland and the Northern Neck. The 
Lord Baltimore's Agents claiming it in his behalf to the head 
springs of the South West Branch of Potomac, and my Lady 
Fairfax's Agent to the head springs of the Northwest branch, 
tho' by the Copys of the Grants which I have seen it appears 
to me that her Majesty has the right to that Tract of Land 
exclusive of both Proprietors". 

This clearly shows that the Shenandoah river and Valley 
were in some measure known to Gov. Spotswood and the East- 
ern Virginia people as early as 171 2. 

C. E. K. 

swiss colonies in the valley of virginia l8l 

Extract from the Autobiography of Graffenried.* 

(Taken from the French copy, Manuscript C, printed in 
German-American Annals, Vol. XII, p. 71). 

It may be well to make a distinction between the two plans 
of the proposed colonies, the one for Virginia and the other 
for North Carolina. 

The Proposition of the State of Berne to the Queen for a 
District of Land in Virginia. 

For the project in Virginia we had the orders of their Excel- 
lencies, our noble Magistrates, to sound Her Majesty, the 
Queen of Great Britain, if she would be disposed to grant to 
the State of Berne a district of land for the proposed colony, 
with jurisdiction under certain conditions and without being 
dependent upon any Governor, but subject directly to the 
Queen or her council. But the crown declining to give up 
any of its authority and prerogatives, was unwilling to enter- 
tain that proposition, pretending that all would have to con- 
form to the laws and regulations of the empire. But, as this 
was obnoxious to a sovereign state (namely Berne) to humili- 
ate itself so much, nothing came of it. 

The Queen grants us a definite district along the Potomac. 
Meanwhile, we, particularly my society and myself, through 
the recommenadtion and by the assistance of Mr. Stanian, 
Extraordinary Envoy of Her Britannic Majesty, obtained 
from the Queen permission to take up land in Virginia above 
the Falls of the Potomac River under the same conditions as 
the other subjects of Her Majesty, with the object of dividing 
our colony for good reasons. But, as more hope of greater 
advantage was held out to us from Carolina and as its land 
was at a much better price; besides, as we had there some 
jurisdiction and particular privileges, we began there. But 

* Translation. Contributed by Dr. Hinke. 


the fatal result enabled us to see that we would have done 
better to begin in Virginia the more so because we would 
have been there in greater safety and would have been better 
supported by the Crown in case of danger ; but especially since 
in Virginia even the situation of the land, following the plans 
which I had made, was in no way inferior to that of Carolina, 
neither in beauty or quality of the land. 





From the British Public Record Office. 

Contributed and edited by Charles E. Kemper. 

Petition of Gould, Ochs, Stauber and Harland. 

Record Office, London — B. T. Virginia. Vol. 19. R. 139. 
To the Right Hon ble The Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations The further Representation of Thomas Gould, 
John Ochs, Jacob Stober and Ezekiel Harland 
Most humbly Sheweth 

1 As was the case with Michel and De Graffenried, this was an 
attempt, not merely to obtain a grant of a great tract of land in the 
western part of Virginia, but also to establish a separate colony. Like 
the other it failed of success. At the time Jacob Stauber, or Stover, 
in partnership with others, was applying to the English Government, 
he was also seeking a large grant of land, directly from the Governor 
of Virginia. In the Virginia Council Journal on June 17, 1730, is an 
entry setting forth that Jacob Stover, a native of Switzerland, had 
petitioned for 10,000 acres of land on the west side of the Great 
mountains and on the Second fork of Sherando River on both sides 
of the branches thereof, for the settlement of himself and divers 
Germans and Swiss. The petition was granted on condition that he 
brought over one family for each thousand acres. The land was 
granted by two patents for 5,000 acres each, dated Dec. 15, 1733. 

Jacob Stover, who seems to have explored the Shenandoah River 
country thoroughly, located his two grants of 5,000 acres each on this 
river and its branches. The northern grant extended southwesterly 
from about the present Massanutten in the county of Page to a point 
about a mile below the present Bear Lithia Spring in the county of 
Rockingham, Virginia. 

The second grant of 5,000 acres extended southwesterly from the 
mouth of Cub Run, a tributary of the Shenandoah, to the present Port 
Republic and up the valley of the South River to a point nearly oppo- 
site Weyer's Cave; and up Cub Run nearly to Peale's Cross Roads; 
and also up the Mill Creek Valley to the Keezeltown Road at a point 
now owned by Mrs. E. A. Herring. 


That whereas the British Subjects hitherto setled in the 
Several Colonies upon the Sea Coast of the North Continent 
of America have not yet been able to extend any of their 

The location of this grant is clearly shown by a survey made in 
1754 by Thomas Lewis and recorded in Survey Book No. 1, Augusta 
County, Virginia, Records. The original of this survey is filed in 
Russell vs. Francisco in the court papers of Augusta County, Va., for 
1754. See also this magazine, Vol. XIII, pages 120-123, for a further 
description of the two grants actually made to Jacob Stover. 

The Indian name of this locality was Massanuten, and, here, the 
weight of evidence indicates, was made the first permanent white settle- 
ment in the Valley of Virginia. The grants to Stover were finally 
made under the head-right act, which gave fifty acres of land for each 
person imported into the Colony. This is evidenced by the fact that in 
each of the grants to him the names of 100 persons are given, com- 
prised in five family names, which makes twenty persons in each 
family. With possibly two exceptions, these names are fictitious, and 
Stover was clearly guilty of fraud in this transaction. The persons 
named were not settled upon the land, and it is related (Kercheval, 
History of the Valley, 2nd ed., 1850, pp. 41-42) that he gave human 
names to his cows, dogs and hogs in order to comply with the law. 
Jacob Stover died in Orange county, Va., in 1741, his son Jacob quali- 
fying as his administrator. In 1736 he was living on the South Branch 
of the Shenandoah. 

Though the earliest settlement in the Valley was on the land granted 
to Stover, it was hardly more than an accident. The rich lands of 
that section were attracting general attention. 

Governor Gooch in his letter of 1729 published in the October num- 
ber of this magazine, 1920, refers to the eagerness of the Virginians to 
take up lands "amongst the Great Western Mountains", and this is 
conclusive evidence that by the year 1729 the Valley of Virginia had 
been thoroughly explored by the Virginia Colonists ; and this conclusion 
is further confirmed by the petition of Larkin Chew and others, to the 
Virginia Council in 1726 for lands on Happy Creek in the present 
County of Warren, and by a similar petition of Robert Lewis and 
others for the lands on the Calf Pasture River in the western portion 
of the present County of Augusta in 1727 ; and it can be stated cer- 
tainly that by the year 1727 the entire Shenandoah Valley had been 
explored by the Virginians of that period. For the petition of Robert 
Lewis and others, see Palmer's Calendar of Virginia State Papers, 
Volume I, page 214. 

There is evidence tending to show that the Valley of the South 
Branch of the Potomac was explored to some extent by white men 
as early as 1717. On July 18, 1717, some of the Pennsylvania Indians 
reported to the Council of that Colony that about two months prior to 
that date a party of seven Indians were hunting beyond the further- 
most branches of the Potomac and encountered a band of about thirty- 
whites accompanied by about as many Indians. 

As the Maryland Colony persistently claimed the South Branch for 
many years after 1712, it is probable that this party of white men and 
Indians were residents of that Colony. 

The claims of the French, referred to in the first petition, are illus- 
trated by a minute of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania dated 
August 4, 1731, contains the statement that "in a new General Atlas" 


Settlements beyond the great Ridge of Mountains which divide 
those Inhabitants from the Lakes and Branches of the River 
Messussippi, by which means the French Indian Traders from 
Canada have for ten Years without Interuption Caried on a 
Commerce with the Western or Naked Indians upon the Lakes 
and behind the British Colonies on Lands and Territories 
which of Right belong to the Crown of Britain. And whereas 
the underwritten Thomas Gould of London, Merchant, John 
Ochs, Jacob Stober and Ezekiel Harland have by their humble 
Petition to the Lords Commiss rs for Trade and Plantations 
dated besought their Lordships favour to obtain 

a Grant from his Majesty of a certain Tract of Land extend- 
ing from behind the great Mountains in Virginia beginning 
at the two headed Mountain in breadth two Hundred Miles 
North, bounded to the East by the West line of Pensylvania 
and to the West by the River Messussippi upon which they 
undertake to Settle one hundred Families within three years 
from the date of such Grant on pain of Forfeiture and by 
their Acquaintance in Switzerland and other parts of Ger- 
many to bring over such a number of Industrious Protestants 
at their own proper Charge to become faithful Subjects of his 
Britannick Majesty and Setlers on the Tract of Land aforesaid 
as will not only form a strong and sufficient Barrier to all the 
British Colonies aforesaid against any opposite Interest or 
Enemy whatsoever but will also secure the Trade Friendship 
and Correspondence of the said Western or Naked Indians, by 
means whereof the Exportation of Course Woolings and large 
Quantities of other British Manufacturies- will be vastly In- 
creased, as well as the product of Silk Hemp, Flax, Pot-Ash 
and Wines greatly encouraged, to favour the ballance of Trade 
on the part of Great Britain, And as a Testimony that the said 
Petitioners have no private End or Interest in view but what 
is founded upon and perfectly Consistent with the Laws Lib- 
published at London, England, in 1724, a map of Louisiana appears 
upon which the French claims to territory in America are shown. 

According to the map the French claimed a great part of Carolina 
and Virginia and in Pennsylvania they claimed as far east as the 
Susquehanah River. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsyl- 
vania, Volume 3, page 428. 


erties Trade and Prosperity of Great Britain, They are not 
only willing but earnestly desire that their Patent or Grant 
from the Crown may be limitted in the following Particulars 
or in such others of the like Nature as his Majesty in his Royal 
Wisdom shall think fit to ordain. 

i That all persons whatsoever going over to Inhabit and 
Settle on the said Tract of Land to be called the Province of 
Georgia or such other name as his Majesty shall think fit, be 
thereupon Intituled to the same Common Rights Liberties and 
Priviledges as British Subjects in America do or ought to 

2 That so soon as the Inhabitants shall Consist of Fifty 
Adult Males in Number being Free-men they shall be Impow- 
ered on the 23 d of April Yearly to choose Delegates or Repre- 
sentatives from amongst themselves not less than Nine nor 
exceeding Fifteen in Number to be a great Council and Magis- 
tracy In continual Rotation for the due Execution of Justice 
according to equity and a good Conscience admiting appeals 
to the King in Council as in other of his Majesties Colonies, 
and that the said Yearly Representation and Council or a 
Majority of them shall by and with the Assent of such Gov- 
ernour as His Majesty his Heirs and Successors shall think 
fit by his Royal Comission to appoint over the said Province 
from time to time have Power to Exact (sic) Laws and Im- 
prove their Constitution for the Peoples Advantage and Con- 
veniency not Repugnant to but as much as may be Consistent 
with the Laws of Great Britain. 

3 d That within five Years after the Date of the said Grant 
or so soon as five hundred Families shall be settled in the said 
Province The Inhabitants shall be obliged to raise by an An- 
nual Tax to be equally laid on the Whole People as the Legis- 
lative Power shall think Convenient a Sum not less than Five 
hundred Pound nor exceeding One thousand Pound free of 
all Charge for the support of the Kings Leiutenant Governor 
Residing amongst them, and shall also be obliged to Erect or 
Build a Convenient House for such an Officer to live in. 
4 That all Judges or other Magistrates for the Equal Dis- 
tribution of Justice being Commissionated or otherwise Legally 


Appointed quam diem se bene Gesserint, they shall not be liable 
to be removed from their Respective Offices until first by an 
Arraignment or other Tryal before the Provincial Legislature 
they be found Coulpable and thereupon disqualified for the 
Publick Service. 

5. That an Unlimited Liberty of Conscience be established in 
the said Province an an equal Priviledge allowed to the Pub- 
lick Profession of all Religions excepting Heathenism Jews 
and Papists who are to be utterly disqualified and for ever 
excluded from holding any office of Trust or Profit in that 
Province and all Professors or other Practitioners in Physick 
or Law shall be obliged to apply for and Receive a License 
from the Supream Provincial Court and Authority before their 
Admission to Practice in their respective Profession. 

6. That all Commerce or Traffick of any kind whatsoever 
with the subjects of any European Foreign Nation be strictly 
Prohibited and that the party Convicted of offending herein 
whether it be in the Woods or amongst the Settlements of 
such Foreigners shall be fin'd one hundred Pounds Sterl. toties 
quoties besides double the value of the Goods Barter'd or Sold 
to the use of the Publick. 

7. That all Fines and Forfeitures to be levied and Collected 
in any Case whatsoever shall be paid in by the proper Officer 
to the Publick Treasury to be accounted for to the Provincial 
or Legislative Authority and all Publick Money whatsoever 
coming in upon any occasion to the Public Treasury shall only 
be issued from thence by Warrant from the said Legislative 
Authority and no otherwise. 

8. That Authentick Copies of all Public Acts Laws Statutes 
or Ordinances passed by the Legislative Authority of the said 
Province shall within Six Months after they are made be 
Transmitted to the Lords Commiss rs of Trade and Plantations 
or to one of the Principal Secretarys of State in Great Britain 
In order to be laid before his Majesty in Council for his Royal 
Approbation or Repeal as his Majesty shall think fit, And the 
Provincial Court of the said Province as well as the Gover- 
nour and all other Publick Officers shall pay a due Regard 
to the Kings Orders and Instructions signified unto them from 


time to time by the Secretary of State or the Lords Comiss" 
of Trade and Plantations in like manner as the Courts and 
Officers of his Majesties Colonies of Carolina Virginia and 
New York have done and are obliged to do. 
[These signatures are autograph.] 

Thomas Gould 
John Ochs 
Jacob Stauber 
Ezekiel Harlan 2 

Opinion of Sir William Keith 3 

To the Right Hon ble The Lords Comiss" for Trade and 


May it please Your Lordships 

I have in Obedience to your Lordships Commands Exam- 
ined the above Representation on which the Petition of 
Thomas Gould &c. to your Lordships seems to be founded 
and I am humbly of Opinion that his Majesty may be advised 
to pass such a Grant as is desired for the Reasons following. 
I st Because until some such Settlement be actually made by 
a numerous active People from behind the Great Mountains 
all along to the River Messussippi, I conceive it will be impos- 
sible to prevent Foreigners from Setling those Rich Lands in 
the middle of the Continent which undoubtedly belong to the 
Crown of Britain and the possession thereof are absolutely 
necessary to secure and defend from future danger the Valu- 
able Colonies already setled on the Coast and on this side the 

2 ndiy Because such an Improvement or inlet to a Trade with 
the Numerous Native Indians on the Lakes and the Branches 
of the Messussippi will give a new and large Vent to the ex- 

2 On May 27, 1718. Ezekial Harland was a resident of Pennsylvania 
and apparently of Chester County. On that date he was appointed 
to assist in laying out a road from Conestoga to Thomas Moore's and 
Brandywine. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, 
Vol. 3, page 33. 

3 Sir William Keith (16S0-1749), later Governor of Pennsylvania. 


portation of Course Woolings and other British Manufactures 
fit for the Traffick which is continually decaying at present in 
all the Colonies on this side the Mountains the Game there 
being wasted and the Indians reduced to a very small number 
3 dly Because when this Colony is settled in the manner and in 
the place proposed it will infallibly raise the vast Tracts of 
Lands on each side as far West as the Banks of the Messus- 
sippi to a considerable Value, which without such a Settle- 
ment can never be of any use to the Crown of Britain, but on 
the contrary will be a Prey to Foreigners and a Continual 
annoyance to the Colonies on this side the Mountains 
4 thIy Because the European Market &c which forces the Peo- 
ple into trifling Manufactures of their own and discourages or 
lessens the Exportations from Great Britain whereas by the 
Settlement proposed where the People can have no access to 
Navigation, a New Scene is open'd for the Produce of Silk 
Hemp, Flax Pot ash Wines &c. besides the vast extent of 
Indian Trade already mentioned. 

5 thly Because there is no prospect of ever making such a Set- 
tlement by slow degrees with such a Handful of People as can 
be spared at any one time from Great Birtain or Ireland, and 
therefore it is adviseable by such a Grant as this to Tempt or 
Induce a large Body of Foreigners to bring over their Effects 
and subject themselves in this manner to the Dominion of 
Britain under which they will no doubt rejoice to feel the 
happy Effects of a Resonable Freedom 

gthiy Because this Settlement and the Improvement of the 
Lands being to be carried on at the General Expence of the 
Setlers themselves and not out of the Estates of the Persons 
to be named in the Patent, the Success will probably depend 
on its being evidently the Interest of the Patentees to invite 
the Setlers on much easier Terms than would in all likelyhood 
be obtained from Persons of overgrown Estates and opulent 
Fortunes for it is a Certain Truth that where large Quantitys 
of Land in America have fallen into the hands of such Pro- 
prietors they have been rarely sought after and Commonly very 
slow in Improvement beside Persons of a low Degree in life 
who are known amongst their equals to be morally Honest and 


Industrious will sooner persuade a multitude into a Voluntary 
Expedition of this Nature than those of greater Wealth and 
Higher Rank who are ever liable to the suspicion and Jealousy 
of the Vulgar. 

7 thly Because let the Patentees in such a Case be Men of 
what Condition or Estate you please The only Security which 
the Crown can depend on is a Limitation in the Patent that the 
Lands shall actually be setled in a certain Time or the Grant 
shall be void and from the Nature and Scituation of the place 
proposed if one hundred Families once sit down there will be 
no room to apprehend any loss or ill Consequences from such 
a beginning. 

8 thly Because if this Proposition should be Rejected at this 
Time it is uncertain whether an Application of the like Nature 
made by Foreigners to the Court of France would not readily 
be accepted perhaps on Terms not very agreeable to the Inter- 
est of Great Britain. 

I am with great Respect My Lords 

Your Lordships most humble and most obedient 

April 6 th 1730 W Keith 

[Endorsed] ) 

Virginia Proposals from M r Stauber &c. for settling a Tract 
of Land behind y e Great Mountains of Virginia; with S r W m 
Keith's Opinion thereon. 
Rec d ) 
Read \ 
April 6 th 1 73 1 

R: 139. 

(To be Concluded.) 



From the Original in the Collections of the Virginia His- 
torical Society. 

"Hermitage, Aug. 16, 1828. 
My dear Call 

On last evening I reed, yours by Major Clements, and am 
happy to hear that your Mary and the sweet little ones are 
in good health. 

I am happy the address of the central committee at the city 
of Washington has reached you; taking this into view with 
Kendal's fifth letter to Clay, and it is conclusive of the Bar- 

The whole object of the coalition is to calumniate me, cart 
loads of coffin hand-bills, forgeries, & pamphlets of the most 
base calumnies are circulated by the franking privelege of 
Members of Congress, & Mr. Clay. Even Mrs. J. is not spared, 
& my pious Mother, nearly fifty years in the tomb, & who, 
from her cradle to her death, had not a speck upon her char- 
acter, has been dragged forth by Hammond & held to public 
scorn as a prostitute who intermarried with a Negro, & my 
eldest brother sold as a slave in Carolina — This Hammond does 
not publish in his vile press, but keeps the statement purport- 
ing to be sworn to, a forgery, & spreads it secretly. I am 
branded with every crime, and Doctor McNary, Col. Erwin, 
Anderson & Williams are associated for this purpose. I have 
for some days known that they were the issuers of old slanders 
that appeared abroad, but it is only lately that they have been 
unearthed, & was not my hands tied, & my mouth closed, I 
would soon put an end to their slanders. This they know, 
but suppose when the elections over all things will die away — 
Not So, I look forward to the first of Decb. next with much 


anxiety. The day of retribution must come. I am charged 
with Burr's Conspiracy & every other crime. Was Ander- 
son & McNary as clear of pur jury as Master Masons, as I 
was of the Burr Conspiracy, it would be a pleasant thing for 
their conscience. 

I believe you were at the chicasaw treaty. If so, I wish 
your attention to a publication of Thomas Shelby son of the 
Governor Shelby & Mr. Todd soninlaw to this Gov. — These 
men detail a conversation of their father, & Thomas Shelby 
speaks of things to which he was a witness — Surely when you 
see it you will be of opinion that Gov. Shelby could never have 
stated such things, if he did, he has stated a positive & wilful 
falsehood. These statements were made on the eve of the 
Kentucky elections at the instance of Clay who is there, & for 
political effect, every virtuous and patriotic act of my life is 
charged upon me as a crime, & if the whole weight of Execu- 
tive patronage, with the contingent funds wielded in the most 
corrupt manner by so many pandors does not prostrate me, 
then I have right to exclaim "truth is mighty and has pre- 

I have enclosed a newspaper to Col. Butler with some 
strictures on Thomas Shelby, falshood supported by the facts 
subscribed to as true, by Governor Shelby, on the Senate Jour- 
nals & you will have seen Major Lewis letter published in the 
Nashville Republican on this subject. I wish you & Butler 
to look at it, & send me such a statement as the truth will 

My philosophy is almost worn out, but all my enemies ex- 
pect is, to urge me to some rash action, this they cannot do 
until the election is over, if my hands are not tied by the event 
there will be a final settlement. 

Mrs. J. unites with me in affectionate regards to you & 

yours & request you to present the same to Col. Butler & his 

Yours truly 

Andrew Jackson 
Genl. R. K. Call 

[Addressed] Genl. R. K. Call 

Tallehasse, Florida." 

[Endorsed] Genl. Jackson, 1828. 


War History Commission 

No. 2 




Collected for the Virginia War Archives. 


Arthur Kyle Davis, Chrm. H. J. Eckenrode 

Charles R. Keiley, Secy. Douglas Freeman 

Henry R. Mcllwaine Edward N. Calisch 

Thomas Nelson Page John Preston McConnell 

S. C. Mitchell James S. Wilson 

Harry St. George Tucker J. A. C. Chandler 

Jo Lane Stern Lyon G. Tyler 

D. J. O'Connell Robert R. Prentis 



This little pamphlet need not fear oblivion so long as the 
military and civilian life of Virginians in the war period holds 
interest for us or for the world. 

No future historian of our State will dare to neglect the 
archives here made available. These records furnish a broad, 
and solid basis for the authentic story of Virginian life in war 
time and of Virginia's part in the war. The whole State is 
indebted to the men and women that are doing a State service 
in contributing to these archives. 

Dull must he be of soul who can glance through them 
unmoved. They contain mere reference lists of titles, but each 
is a title of honor, because it represents loyal service to State 
and to country. It is a democratic roll of Battle Abbey of the 
twentieth century after a greater Hastings. 

Here is a later Concord Hymn, for it enshrines, not only 
the embattled farmers, buct also the embattled churchmen and 
collegians and bankers and lawyers and doctors and clubmen 
and clerks and laborers. Above all, it enshrines the glorious 
legion of the embattled women of Virginia. The letters and 
diaries, the narratives of the soldiers, make vivid the army life 
in camp and field, while the community life, economic and social, 
is illustrated by such a mass of records and narratives and com- 
ments as is not extant from any other war period of Vir- 
ginia history. 

Opinions may vary as to the value of specific items. The 
smileage book, the gaudy posters, the weekly schedule of the 
Liberty Theater at Camp Lee, the 'Lieuie VI" of the C. O. T. S., 
the sugar memorandum and the banquet menus, the Prepared- 
ness Meeting and the Armistice Celebration, the registrants and 
the Home Guards, the Red Cross and the Four Minute Men, the 
records of colleges and schools, the honor rolls and the com- 
munity service, the military records and the civilian drives, the 
letters, easy or labored, and the war verses smooth or halting — 
all these are included without fear or favor. 

Macaulay is authority for the statement that no past event 
has any intrinsic value. It is valuable only as it helps us with 
respect to the future. Every fact about this war period, with 
its new methods and untried conditions, must have a value of 
its own. In the absence of literary narratives the simple draw- 
ings of the cave dwellers have a real interest; in this dawn of 
the modern war-organized state, these first records are in- 



ALEXANDRIA — Miss Helen N. Cummings, chrm.; Miss Rose 
McDonald, Dr. Kate Waller Barrett. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Nom. of D. Q. W. Showden; Walter Moore; Miss Jessie Callahan. 

Sec. II — Pre- War Conditions and Activities. 
Pre-War Story; narrative. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Second Pres. Church; questionnaire; by J. L. Allison. 
Trinity Meth. Church; statement; by Miss Elizabeth Ramey. 
Bethel Sisterhood; statement; by Minnie Joffa. 
Methodist Protestant Ch.; statement; by Norman Roberts. 
First Baptist Ch.; narrative; 2 pp.; by E. B. Jackson. 
Grace Church, (Epis.); narrative; 2 pp.; by Mrs. C. J. Deahl. 
Second Pres. Church; war work; 3 pp. 

Christ Church, (Epis.), 1917-1919; 5 pp.; by Helen N. Cummings. 
Methodist Epis. Ch.; report; 1 p.; by E. V. Regester. 
St. Mary's Church; narrative consideration; 5 pp. 
St. Paul's Epis. Ch.; report; 3 pp.; by Esther H. Green; "The 
Greatest Mother in the World"; 6 pp.; R. M. MacDonald. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
War Work of Alex. Pub. Schools; 12 pp.; by Jesse M. Hammerly. 
Episcopal High School; list of service men. 
Colored Schools; report; 2 pp.; by J. M. Hammerly. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
3 Military Records; single copies. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
U. S. Employment Bureau; report; by Helen M. Cummings. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Junior R. C, St. Mary's Academy; stat.; by J. M. Hammerly. 
Eastern Star Aux.; report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. J. W. Sales. 
Daughters of Isabella; report; 2 pp. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A. Mending Committee; report and personnel; 1 p. 
Jewish Women's Welfare; 1 p.; by Mrs. A. R. Blumenfled. 
Jewish Civilian Committee; questionnaire. 

War Camp Community Service; hist.; 5 pp.; by H. H. Van Wier. 
Belgian Relief Work; report; 1 p. 
Masonic Service Flag; Alex. Wash. Lodge; 2 pp. 
K. of C. Fitzgerald Council; narr.; 4 pp.; by F. H. Fannon. 
Mt. Vernon Chapter; D. A. R.; 2 pp.; by Anna W. Niven. 
Colonial Dames; 1 p.; by Mrs. Eleanor Jameson. 
Alex. Lodge, B. P. O. E.; list of members in service. 
Tea Cups Club; report; 1 p. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Hunter, Belle W.; poems — "Take Heart, Oh! Old World"; 
"Pray For Us"; "Brave Heart"; "Three Crosses"; "An 
Aviator"; "Little Belgians"; "Anecdote"; "The Knitter." 


Wattles, Mrs. H. S., Sr.; bit of individual war work. 

Copy of Parnot Daily News, Lynchburg, Va., 10/8/19. 

Poem pinned on a soldier's sweater. 

Unsigned letter; Ft. Oglethorpe; 24th Amb. Co., — 7/17. 

Hayden, Sgt. C. E.; Hist, of Army Life; 1 p. 

Incident; 10/15/18; Meuse-Argonne; 1 p.; by Sgt. J. B. Arnold. 

Sutton, R. A.; 318 Inf.; ser. rec; 1 p. 

BRISTOL — Hon. G. M. Warren chrm.; Dr. G. E. Wylie, Mrs. 
Virginia Parrish. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Sullins College; letter; 1 p. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Bristol Chapter; hist, and quest.; by Mrs. W. C. Came. 

BUENA VISTA — Mrs. J. C. Taylor, chrm.; Mrs. M. T. Vaden, 
H. S. Rucker. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Financial Efforts of Public Schools; 1 p.; by J. P. McClure. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record (duplicate). 

CHARLOTTESVILLE — R. T. Minor, Jr., chrm.; Miss Bettie P. 
Cocke, Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr. 
Sec. II — Pie-War Conditions and Activities. 

A Resume; 2 pp.; by T. J. Randolph. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Christian Church; quest.; by J. M. Philput. 
Presbyterian Church; quest.; by B. F. Wilson. 
Presbyterian Church; quest.; by C. L. Petrie. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
University of Virginia; card index of service men. 
University of Va.; ser. rec. of alumni; 1,7 00 pp. 
Univ. of Va.; citations and decorations; 80 pp. 
Univ, of Va.; men who died in service; 80 pp. 
Univ, of Va.; alumni overseas; 4 8 pp. 
Univ. of Va. ; European bureau; 43 pp. 

Univ. of Va.; Base Hosp. No. 41; organ, of; 27 pp. (pub.). 
Univ. of Va.; Base Hosp. No. 41; hist, of; 11 pp. (pub.). 
Univ. of Va.; S. A. T. C.J 33 pp. (pub). 
Univ. of Va.; letters from alumni in ser.; 12 pp. (pub.). 
Univ. of Va.; letters re. and from James McConnell; 27 pp. (pub.) 
Univ. of Va.; msc. material unclassified. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
4 2 Military Records in duplicate. 


Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 

Charlottesville Woolen Mills; letter; by D. Van Wagener. 
Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

Jewish Welfare; war work of Jews in Charlottesville; 1 p. 

CLIFTON FORGE — Mrs. G. M. Farrar, chrm.; Rev. F. W. Long, 
Mrs. A. C. Ford. 
Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Pre-War Cond.; 2 pp.; by F. W. Long. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Clifton Forge Pres. Ch.; quest.; by L. H. Paul. 
Clifton Forge Central M. E. Ch.; quest.; by F. A. Tyler. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records; 33 in duplicate; 9 (single copies). 
2 Nurses' Questionnaires. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; quest.; by Mrs. J. H. Drawry. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Clifton Forge Chapter; statistical report; 7 pp. 
Clifton Forge Chapter; questionnaire. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Schedule Post War Conditions; by F. W. Long. 

DANVILLE — Mrs. A. B. Carrington, chrm.; Mrs. J. P. William- 
son, Miss Augusta Yates. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 
Alexander, Lt. G. H.; account of death; clipping. 
Biography of Maj. R. E. Lea; 3 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Church of the Epiphany; report; 1 p.; by J. C. Hall. 
Main St. M. E. Church; questionnaire. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Averett College; answer to questionnaire; 1 p. 
Report from Public Schools; by F. H. Wheatley. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
18 Military Records in duplicate. 

Sec. VHI — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Statement of Liberty Loan Sales. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Danville Chapter; questionnaire; by Mrs. A. G. Carrington. 
Surgical Dressing Department; history; 5 pp. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A. Questionnaire; by Edwin Kettle. 
War Camp Community Service; canteen service; 14 pp. 


War Camp Community Service; history; 1 p.; by A. L. Lincoln. 
Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 

Norburn, Carl; 32 3rd Inf.; photograph. 

Pratt, Sgt. W. C; extracts from letter. 

Temple, Lt. Ben.; 320th Reg., France — undatea letter. 

Vass, Lt. P. H.; 64th Div., France — letter, 11/11/18. 

"M. D."; Love, France; 12/8/18. 

"A Soldier"; France; 12/31/17. 

Unsigned Letters, 7/7/18; Langley Field, 12/19/18; Parkfield, 

Tenn., 5/26/18; France, 5/6-22/18, 11/11-25/18. 
Poem, "My Mother's Garden". 
Memorial Dates on Local History; — pp. 
Picnic to Returned Soldiers; 6/14/19. 
Entertainment for 608th Aerial Corps; 3 pp. 

FREDERICKSBURG — Miss Annie Marshall Braxton, chrm.; 
Judge J. T. Goolrich, A. V. Yates. 
Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

LocalCivilian Honor Roll; a — women; b — men; c — colored; 4 pp. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Pre-War Period; description; 2 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

M. E. Church; questionnaire; by H. L. Hout. 

Pres. Church; letter; 1 p.; by R. C. Gilmore. 

Trinity Church; report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. Franklin Stearns. 

St. Georges Church; narrative; 3 pp. 

Clipping relative to Union Church Services. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Fredericksburg State Normal; bulletin; by Pres. A. B. Chandler. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Military Records; 9 in duplicate; 2 single copies. 
List of Registrants; 25 pp. 
1 Nurses' Questionnaire. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Woman's Liberty Loan Com.; questionnaire. 
Incident in Liberty Loan Sales; 1 p.; by A, M. Braxton. 
Food Production; questionnaire. 

Washington Woolen Mills; letter; 1 p.; by H. A. Whitbeck. 
Hazel Hill Canning Co.; report; 1 p.; by J. J. Fisher. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Fredericksburg Chapter; 20 pp.; by Florence B. Stearns. 
Home Service Committee; 3 pp. 
Statistical Report and Personnel; clipping. 
The Community Nurse; clipping; by Ruth N. Tapper. 
Clipping re Red Cross Subscriptions. 


Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 

Y. M. C. A.; questionnaire; by W. L. Brannan. 

War Camp Community Service; questionnaire; by H. H. Van Wise. 

American Library Assn.; questionnaire. 

Belgian Relief; narrative; 2 pp.; by A. M. Braxton. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Blught, J. C; extracts from letters; 8 pp. 
Scott, Capt. W. D.; pub. letter from France. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Post War Description; 1 p.; by R. C. Gilmore. 

HAMPTON — Mrs. Richard Armstrong, chrm.; Mrs. Henry 
Schmelz; John Weymouth. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Central M. E. Church; questionnaire; by D. C. C. Butts. 
Memorial Baptist Church; questionnaire; by J. T. Haley. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
1 Military Record; single copy. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Boy Scout Troops 1 and 2; questionnaire. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. W. C. A. Drive; 1 p.; by Mrs. H. S. Schmelz. 
War Camp Community Service; statement; 4 pp. 

HARRISONBURG — Dr. J. W. Wayland, chrm.; Mrs. J. T. Har- 
ris, Capt. John Paul. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Emanuel Church; report; 1 p.; by Walker Williams. 
Emanuel P. E. Church; quest.; by Mrs. J. T. Harris. 
Harrisonburg Catholic Church; 4 pp.; by Miss Annie R. Sheehy. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Harrisonburg State Normal; nar.; 26 pp.; by John W. Wayland. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Men from city and county who died; 36 names. 
16 Military Records; single copies. 
Work of Draft Board; 8 pp.; by J. P. Blackburn. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Food Administration; report; 3 pp.; by J. C. Johnston. 
Food Administration; narr.; 8 pp.; by J. C. Johnston. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Harrisonburg and Rockingham Co.; 9 pp.; by Genoa Swecker. 
Touches of Life in Harrisonburg; 10 pp.; by J. W. Wayland. 

Sec. XTt — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Home Service Com.; report; 17 pp.; by E. J. Lonergan. 
Chapter Hist.; 13 pp.; by Mrs. Andrew Bell and T. N. Thompson. 


HOPEWELL — David Harrison, chrm.; Richard Eppes, Mrs. T. B. 
Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Letter from Mrs. H. H. Gibbons. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Unknown Church; questionnaire. 
St. James' Catholic Church; history; 2 pp. 
First Christian Church; report; 1 p. 
Presbyterian Church; history, 3 pp. 
St. John's Episcopal Church; narrative report; 1 p. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
10 Military Records, in duplicate. 
List of Registrants; 20 pp. 
317th Inf.; Brief History; 3 pp. 
Ambulance Co. 319; historical sketch; 4 pp. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Sales; City and Co.; 1 p.; by H. J. Watkins, Jr. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Pamphlet descriptive of community; 24 pp. 
Sketches of Hopewell; 40 pp. (pub.). 

Newspaper .file (incomplete); 7/14/16 to 11/15/18; Daily Press, 
News-Herald, Record. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Eastern Star; Patriotic Work; 1 p.; by Mrs. T. W. Duke. 
W. C. T. U.; statistical report; 1 p.; by Mrs. T. W. Duke. 
B Village Woman's Club; work; 1 p. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Crump, Carleton; France; letter, 10/1/18. 
Robertson, T. B.; Poem; "On Glory's Trail"; June, 1918. 
Watts, J. L.; Base Hosp. No. 41; France, 11/25/18. 
"Le Jour de Gloire est Arrive"; 3 pp. 

LYNCHBURG — Mrs. Dexter Otey, chrm.; Mrs. John H. Lewis, 
H. F. Miley. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Letter from Carter Glass, Jr. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Randolph-Macon Woman's College; 32 pp.; by B. W. Arnold, Jr. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
58 Military Records, in duplicate. 
List of Registrants; 54 pp. 
1 Nurse's Questionnaire. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; questionnaire. 
Y. W. C. A.; questionnaire; by Miss Martha Ewing. 


War Camp Community Service; Hist, and Quest, by A. L. Lincoln. 
Jewish Welfare Board; questionnaire. 
K. of C; ans. to questionnaire; 1 p. 

Sec. XV — Post- War Conditions and Activities. 

Don P. Halsey; Memorial address, St. Paul's Epis. Church. 

NEWPORT NEWS — Mrs. H. L. Ferguson, chrm.; Mrs. W. S. 
Copeland, Mrs. H. E. Parker. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 
Braxton, E. M., Jr.; service; clipping; citation. 
Nelma, J. A.; service record; citations. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
Pamphlet description of city; 12 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War-Time. 
Trinity Lutheran Church; questionnaire. 

Trinity M. E. Church; questionnaire; by J. A. Thomas, pastor. 
Bound reports from following churches; 29 pp. 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church; by H. S. Lane. 
First Baptist Church; by Preston Blake. 
Oncutt Avenue Baptist Church; by I. T. Jacobs. 
Presbyterian War Work Council, First Presbyterian Church. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Home Guard, 1917; report; 2 pp.; by G. B. McCorkle. 
Military Records; 7 duplicate, 1 single. 

Sec. VIII — Economic Conditions in War-Time. 
Liberty Loan Campaigns; report; 5 pp.; by W. B. Vest. 
Woman's Lib. Loan Com.; questionnaire; by Mrs. R. S. Barrett. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Committees in War-Time. 
Sketches of important events in Hist, of Newport News; 21 pp. 
Description of community during War; 12 pp.; pamphlet. 
Chronological Newspaper Hist., April 1917 — June 1919; 33 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Red Cross of Newport News; 41 pp.; by E. M. Braxton. 
The Red Cross Canteen and Motor Corps; 22 pp. 
Colored Aux.; narrative report; 4 pp. 

Sec. XHI — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Women's Work in Newport News; 5 pp.; by Mrs. R. S. Barrett. 
Our Country Club; narrative; 3 pp.; by Mrs. Harold Bailey. 
Ice Cream Service; Hosp.; Camp Stuart; 6 pp. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Astor, Louis; Convois Automobile Par. B. C. M., France, 2/11/18. 
Braxton, Lt. E. M.; Fort Myer, 8/17/17; sketch of life; 5 pp. 
Bush, A. J.; candidate F. A. C. O. T. S., Camp Zackary Taylor, 
Taylor, 11/23/18; Walter Reed Hospital, 10/16/18. 


Butler, T. M.; Hospital No. 19; France; letter; 6/13/18. 

Bondy, Maj. Jos.; Camp Stuart; "Our Shrines in France", poem. 

Champie, G. L.; 1st Co. M. P., 116th Tr. Hg., V. M. P., Camp 
Hill, 12/28/17; "Terms of Peace" and "St. Paul's Ch." 

Davies, Harry; staff sgt.; Ches. Bay; 3/29/19. 

Ekland, Corp. H. E.; 26th Div.; France, 1/31/18, 1/5/18. 

Germain, Wattre; Luivre, France, 6/4/18 (in Franch). 

Griffith, Mrs. E. P.; camp service worker; 1918-19; illus.; 6 pp. 

Hodges, Gordon; Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand, 2/25/18. 

Hamelon, Robt.; Paris, 11/11/18. 

Heath, Sgt. F.; France, 1/23/19, 11/24, 10/14, 8/8/1918, at sea. 

Jones, Lt. C. L.; 3rd C. A. C; France, 3/10/18. 

Jacobs, J. M.; France, 4/29; 8/16-18; 10/18; 11/21-1918. 

Kunde, E. C; embarkation hospital; Camp Stuart, 1/27/19. 

Lufkin, H. E.; Camp Devens, 3/12/19. 

Laughton, J. R. ; forwarding camp; letter; 12/26/18. 

Menzies, H. B.; Otahuhu, Aukland, New Zealand; undated. 

MacFarlane, Geo.; 48th Inf., Co. Q., Newport News, 1/2/18. 

Morgan, D. F.; Co. A., 21st Eng.; France, 5/19/18, 1/30/18. 

Morgan, Dr. A. G.; med. dept., 317 Inf.; France, 10/1/18. 

Marshall, H. C; England, 10/25/18, 6/10/18. 

McLean, C. W.; Fort McHenry Hosp., Baltimore; card; 4/17/19. 

Perkins, P. R.; U. S. A. S.; France, 9/12/18; Grantham, Eng- 
land, 3/2/18, 11/28/17, 11/4/18; 50 Squad. Roy. Flying 
Corps, 1/14/18, 12/14/17; London, England, 6/30/18, 
5/5/18, 3/21/18; Oxford, England, 10/31/17, 10/29/17, 
10/417; Wash. Inn., Eng., 12/24/18; Hempstead, N. Y., 
9/17/17; Columbus, Ohio, 9/2/17, 8/8/17; sketch of life. 

Peltz, Nathan; Bat. E, 5th F. A.; France, 3/24/18. 

Pierce, R. E.; Norfolk; "A Battle at Sea". 

Rieper, Geo. W. V.; Sevenay, France; letters; 3/3/19, 6/1/19. 

Robinson, J. C; Hilton Village, 9/29/18. 

Roeser, Lt. Henry, Jr.; France, 11/13/18. 

Sundberg, P. V.; France, 7/20, 4/9/1918; Battery Ct., 11/25/17. 

Skinner, F. A.; 30th Div.; France, 7/14/18, 8/4/18, 10/5/18. 

Vickerman, K. L.; Ausborne, New Zealand, 8/4/20; France, 
7/30/18; Salisbury, 3/19/18. 

Weiskopf, Leonard; "Uncle Sam's 607th", "To Shep", poems; 
England; 336th Aereo Sqad, 9/9/18. 

Weitzell, H. M.; U. S. S. "El Occidente"; France, 11/27/19. 

Worcester, Clifford; France, 7/3/18. 

Woolfolk, A. S.; 20th Aero Squad.; France, 10/3/18. 

Articles from Daily Press by Soldier from Camp Hill, 3/1/18. 

Signed, "Dom", Camp Dix, 5/14/19. 

Signed, "Lanes", Walter Reed Hospital, 11/5/19. 


English Boy's Letter; found on body and sent to mother. 
Signed, "J. P."; Co. A., 21st Eng.; France, 11/15/18, 6/7/18. 
Anonymous letter; "Like Baseball". 
"The Mother of an Aviator", "The Aviator's Hymn". 
Reminiscences of Mrs. L. P. Hudson; hospitality house; 6 pp. 
Experiences in Two Wars; 2 pp.; by Mrs. Margus Jones. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Victory Arch; description of dedication, etc.; 4 pp. 
Welcome Home Committee; ceremonies; 4 pp. 
Community Cannery; description; 2 pp. 

NORFOLK — Mrs. Frantz Naylor, chrm.; Mrs. A. R. Henckel, 
Mrs. N. H. Slack. 
Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 
Baker, R. H.; Medical Corps; citation; clipping; narrative; 9 pp, 
Barnes, W. C; 9th Infantry; clipping. 
Borum, Capt. L. P.; Merchant Marine; clipping. 
Byrnes, Lt. J. C; U. S. S. Smith; letter; clipping. 
Capps, Rear Admiral W. L. ; citation. 

Chamberlaine, Brig. Gen. Wm.; citation; military history. 
Clay, C. H.; Co. A, 28th Inf.; clipping. 
Cockey, W. W., Jr.; 116th Inf. 
Cole, Capt. J. E., Jr. 

Degge, Sgt. J. H.; 29th Bat. Canadian 2nd. 
Dellingham, Adml. A. C; U. S. N.; citation. 
Derrickson, P. W.; 28th Inf.; citation; clipping; letters. 
Dodson, Lt. W. B.; 16th Inf.; citations. 
Downer, Maj. J. W.; citations and clippings. 
Edwards, Lt. J. D.; U. S. S. Minnesota. 
Etheridge, Lt. C. A.; 2nd Div.; citation; clipping. 
Fawcett, S. R.; clipping. 
Furr, Lt. H. R.; promotion. 
Hennelly, J. H.; citations. 
Hines, L. O.; 29th Engineers; citations. 
Holman, L. A.; 317th Inf.; citation. 
Hurdle, W. G.; 370th Inf.; citation and clipping. 
Johnson, John; Navy. 
Johnson, J. C; Aero Squad; clipping. 
Kear, Maj. P. W.; clipping. 

Lockheart, Sgt. G. A.; 112th Machine Gun; citation. 
Madison, D. O.; 13th Inf. 
Marr, Col. R. A.; clipping. 
Maxfield, Capt. L. H.; citations. 
Meredith, Lt. R. G.; 2nd Div. 


Miller, H. L.; Canadian 3rd.; clipping. 

Megenney, Lt. W. E.; U. S. R. F.; citation. 

Mitchell, F. M.; 6th F. A.; citation and letter. 

McKinney, F. K.; Ambulance Ser.; clipping. 

Old, Lt. Nimmo, Jr.; U. S. M. C. 

Ould, Sgt. Root.; 6th Inf.; citation. 

Parker, Sgt. W. W.; 38th Inf.; citation. 

Parks, Capt. Victor, Jr.; clippings. 

Peterson, Axel; Armed Guard; service record. 

Porter, Lt. E. C; F. A. 

Powell, Lt. Com. Halsey; clipping. 

Robinson, Capt. F. S.; M. C; citation; clipping. 

Seelinger, Lt. H. R.; 317th Inf.; citation; clipping. 

Sharpe, Lt. R. E.; clipping. 

Shelton, Corp. B. C; 318th Inf. 

Shepherd, Capt. L. C; Med. Div.; citation. 

Smith, B. F.; 2nd Div.; clipping. 

Smith, J. B.; 15th Inf. 

Smith, Capt. P. C; 30th Engrs.; citation and clipping. 

Spilman, Maj. R. S.; 4th Div. 

Stark, Col. A. N.; Med. Corps; citation. 

Stark, Maj. A. U., Jr.; 5th Div.; citation and clipping. 

Taussig, Capt. J. K.; citation and commendations. 

Tunstall, W. P.; C. A.; citation. 

Tyler, Lt. W. L.; 370th Inf. 

Vaughan, Capt. H. B.; note. 

Waller, L. W. T., Jr.; 2nd Div.; citations. 

Ware, Maj. J. V.; 28th Inf.; clippings. 

Washam, V. V.; U. S. Navy. 

Williams, Willie; 92nd Div. 

Woodward, Lt. R. F.; U. S. N.; citation and narrative; 14 pp. 

Wrenn, Lt. H. H.; 315th F. A.; citation. 

Statement of Ciations of: Capt. C. Shackford, U. S. N.; Lt. Wm. 
Martin, U. S. N.; Ensign T. N. Page, U. S. N.; Commander 
J. G. Hilton, U. S. N.; Lt. R. Werner, U. S. N.; Ensign E. 
A. Stone, U. S. N.; Ensign M. X. Smith, U. S. N.; Rear 
Adm. A. W. Grant, U. S. N.; Commander M. R. Allen, 
U. S. N.; Capt. H. I. Cone, U. S. N.; Lt. Com. G. C. Dick- 
man, U. S. N.; Lt. Com. H. C. Laird, U. S. N.; Capt. H. H. 
Old, U. S. N.; Com. C. S. Stanworth, U. S. N.; Adml. H. 
O. Steckney, U. S. N.; Lt. Com. A. G. Zimmerman, U. S. N. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War-Time. 

St. Pauls; questionnaire; by Rev. R. R. Phelps. 

First Lutheran Church; questionnaire; by R. McCauley. 

Memorial Methodist Church; questionnaire; by S. J. Battin. 


St. Peter's Episcopal Church; questionnaire; by W. E. Callender. 
Jerusalem Baptist (colored) Church; questionnaire; by A. Hobbs. 
Chevro Mickro Kodsh Synagogue; by Bertha R. Goodman. 
Memorial Christian Temple; questionnaire; by G. H. Elkins. 
Park Place Methodist Church; questionnaire. 
Armstrong Mem. Pres. Church; report; by T. H. Dimock. 
Colley Mem. Pres. Church; questionnaire; by R. B. Grinnan. 
Union Mission; rept., 3 pp.; by H. H. Kratzig. 
Epworth M. E. Church; Wesleyman's Bible Class; honor roll. 
First Christian Church; illust. nar.; 68 pp.; by C. M. Watson. 
First Christian Ch.; war time program; 6 pp. 
First Christian Church; questionnaire; by R. B. Grinnan. 
Epworth M. E. Church; service record; by O. C. Zirkle. 
Young Women's Hebrew Assn.; history; by Julia Mantinband. 
Council of Jewish Women; report; 9 pp.; by Ellie M. Marx. 
Christ Ch. St. Mary's Guild; 6 pp.; by Mrs. F. C. Steinmetz. 
War and Reconstruction Work of Norfolk Cath. Women; 25 pp. 
Ohef Sholom Temple Sisterhood; 7 pp.; by Mrs. A. B. Seldner. 
Sacred Heart Ch. Sodality Virgin Mary; 3 pp.; by Mary M. Smith. 
Methodist Epis. Church; quest, and report; 1 p.; by D. T. Merritt. 
National Catholic War Council; Woman's Aux. ; 3 pp. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Reports from City Public Schools. 

Norfolk College Alumnae Assn.; 3 pp.; by Mae White Freeman. 
Public Schools; Dept. of Vocational Educ. ; by Elmira E. Noyes. 
War Work of the Public Schools; 6 pp.; by Ellie Marcus Marx. 
Robert E. Lee School Lunches; 12 pp. (pub.). 
Colored Schools; questionnaires. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Home Guard; Brambleton; report; 1 p.; by John L. Degge. 
History of the Armed Guard; 19 pp.; by J. Sydney Fitzgerald. 
The Naval Armed Guard; history; 6 pp.; by J. Sydney Fitzgerald. 
Armed Guard Detail; history; Jan. 1, 1917 — April 6, 1918; 17 pp. 
United States Naval Railway Batteries; history; 17 pp. 
Home Guards of Norfolk; report; 3 pp. 
1,129 Military Records, in duplicate. 
Complete City Roster; 166 pp. 
Registrants, Div. I; 30 pp. 
Registrants, Div. II; 42 pp. 
Registrants, Div. Ill; 86 pp. 

Sec. VII — Virginia Camps and Cantonments. 
Naval Operating Base at Hampton Roads; illus. hist.; 36 pp.; by 
A. C. Dillingham; supplementary map. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loans; report by Fed. Director; 5 pp.; by H. M. Kerr. 


Liberty Loans; reports on second through fifth issue. 

Women's Work in Third Liberty Loan; 18 pp. 

Women's Work in Fourth Liberty Loan; 21 pp. 

Woman's Work in Victory Lib. Loan; 10 pp.; by Julia S. Glenn. 

War Savings Stamps Com.; report; 1 p.; by Lillian K. Slack. 

Garden Clubs; report; 1 p. 

Boy Scouts; "Good Turns"; 1 p.; by G. L. Woodhouse. 

Fuel Admin.; Dec. 1917 — Feb. 1919; 3 pp.; by J. W. Hough. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Norfolk Charter of 1918; 66 pp. 
Little Light on Norfolk; 24 pp.; by C. R. Keiley. 
A Travelogue in Norfolk; 12 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Pre-War Red Cross Activities; 5 pp.; by Georgette P. Roper. 
Story of R. C; 13 pp.; by Mrs. J. J. McCormick. 
1st Annual Report; 13 pp.; by R. B. Tunstall. 
2nd Annual Report; 17 pp.; by C. W. Grandy, Jr. 
3nd Annual Report; 12 pp.; by C. W. Grandy, Jr. 
Junior Red Cross; 1918-19; 2 pp. 
Norfolk Chapter; questionnaire. 

Supplementary Report of Norfolk Chapter; Mar. 1, 1919; 2 pp. 
Com. on Act. and Events; 2 pp.; by Lillian R. Slack. 
Com. on Nursing; 3 pp.; by Ethel Smith. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; report; answering questionnaire; 7 pp. 
Y. W. C. A. Report of Activities during the World War; 4 pp. 
Jewish Welfare; questionnaire; by Moe Levy. 
War Camp Community Service; narrative report; 18 pp. 
War Camp Comm. 'Recreational Act.; 2 pp.; by Bessie P. Burke. 
Imperial Recreation Club; history; illust.; by Sophie L. Williams. 
Amer. Lib. Assn. Norfolk Pub. Library; 4 pp.; by Mary Pretlow. 
Report of War Work Norfolk Public Library (A. L. A.); 3 pp. 
Armenian and Syrian Relief; campaign 1; by G. Herbert Elkins. 
Fraternal Organizations; report; 2 pp.; by John L. Deggs. 
I. O. O. F., Virginia Rebekahs, Lodge No. 13; report by the ladies. 
Natl. Woman's Party, Norfolk Br.; 2 pp.; by Pauline F. Adams. 
Four Minute Men; work during war; 4 pp.; by Henry Bowden. 
American Protective League; narrative; 16 pp.; by G. P. Peed. 
War Advertising Committee; report; 3 pp. 
United War Work; letter; 1 pp.; by Thos. H. Wilcox. 
Norfolk War Campaigns Committee; committee functions; 5 pp. 
Chamber of Commerce; Barton Myers, pres., during war; 4 pp. 
Department of Public Welfare; 2 pp.; by P. S. Schench. 
Colonial Dames of Amer., Norfolk Cir.; 4 pp.; by Nannie Kensett. 
D. A. R., Great Bridge Chap.; statistics; by Nannie D. Kensett. 


U. D. C, Hope-Maury Chap.; by A. Walke and R. Daughton. 

TJ. D. C, Pickett-Buchanan Chapter; 4 pp.; by Lilian K. Slack. 

Travellers Aid Society; gen. report; 20 pp.; by Alice W. Pender. 

Christmas Stocking Fund Committee; report; 2 pp. 

Virginia Hospital in Serbia; 1 p.; by Elizabeth N. Grandy. 

Norfolk United Charities; war work report; 3 pp. 

Norfolk Prot. Hosp.; Woman's Aux.; 1 p.; by Mrs. A. B. Seldner. 

Needle Work Guild, Norfolk Branch; 3 pp.; by Mrs. W. A. Thorn. 

Restover War Work; 2 pp.; by Elizabeth V. Watkins. 

Norfolk Day Nursery; war work; 4 pp.; by Elizabeth W. Freeman. 

Florence Crittenden Home; 4 pp.; by Elizabeth W. Freeman. 

C. of N. D., Woman's Sec, Min. of Meeting, 3/27/19. 

C. of N. D., Woman's Sec, 1/22/19; 3 pp.; F. R. Curd. 

C. of N. D., Woman's Sec, 2/26/19; 4 pp.; Mrs. A. L. Roper. 

Natl. League for Women's Service; 10 pp.; by Rosa W. Hodges. 

Women's Aux. Navy, Y. M. C. A.; report; 6 pp. 

Society of Arts; United Ser. Club; 12 pp.; by Helen Rogers. 

Report of The British Admiralty; 3 pp. 

L'Alliance Francaise; report; 2 pp.; by Louise Demaison. 

Ladies' Aid Society, Younm Men's Assn.; report of war work. 

Tobacco Fund; narrative; 3 pp.; by Jay Lewis. 

Consulat De Belgique; letter from J. P. Andre Mottu; consul. 

King's Daughters; war work; 8 pp.; by Margaret Roper Moss. 

Emergency Hospital for the Colored; and Booker T. Washington 

High School work during influenza; 4 pp.; by L. E. Titus. 
Emergency Relief; report; 1 p.; by P. S. Shenok. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Ansell, Luther; France, 18/14/18. 
Archer, A. E.; France, 1/2/19. 

Baker, R. H.; Paris, 1/3/18; Alsace, 2/10/18; en route to Bel- 
gium, 4/11/18, 5/17/18; hosp., 7/1/18,7/11/18,10/10/18. 
Brook, J. V.; Lt. Eng.; New Year's, 1917; poem, "Americans, We 

Come"; 9/1/18, 11/3/18, 11/26/18, 1/3/19. 
Bell, R. A.; France, 18/14/18. 

Cooke, Kate; Neuilly sur Seine, 8/22/18; five letters undated. 
Cooke, Elizabeth A.; 12/24/17; undated. 
Carter, Sgt. C. A.; France, 11/3/18. 
Cockey, W. W.; death certificate; Adj. Gen., 10/26/18; in memo- 

riam, from Jno. J. Pershing, 9/2 6/18. 
Campbell, E. W.; Miami, Fla., 2/3/19. 
Calrow, C. J.; Maj. 104th Engrs.; story of overseas' service; 

6/18/18, 5/26/19; 83 pp. 
Emmerson, J. C, Jr.; Bourges, France, 11/30/18. 
Griggs, Lt. C. G.; 12/26/17; Harbin, undated; Vladivostok, 

8/12/18; Russia, 2 undated; Japan, undated; Nagasaki, 

5/12/18, 5/14/18; Adrianorka, 6/1/19. 


Graves, L. R.; 314th F. A., undated. 

Hull, Corp. D. S.; post cards of Graffigny, 12/16/ — . 

Jones, Mrs. Lula H.; bravery at Frankford Arsenal, Phila. 

Lynch, Maj. J. F.; A. E. F.; Hdq. 93d Div.; 4/21/18, 4/1/18, 
4/26/18, 5/1/18; 42d Div., 6/3/18; Base Hospital 57, 
2/24/19, 3/20/19, 4/7/19, 3/12/19, 3/29/19, 4/11/19, 
2/28/19; Base Hospital 30, 7/5/18, 10/31/18, 8/26/18; 
aboard ship, undated; Paris ed. N. Y. Herald. 

Moss, Jas.; U. S. S. Marietta, Brest, France, 4/29/19. 

McCourt, J. L.; A. E. F.; 12/19/18. 

Melville, C. W.; Brig. Gen. N. Zealand Ex. For., London, 5/23/19. 

May, Edward, Jr.; Rainbow Div.; Hdq. Co. 149th F. A., 3/17/18. 

Marr, Col. R. A.; Desc. Narr. Encysting Methods; 9 pp. 

Nelson, J. C, Jr.; diary kept in German prison camp; 9 pp. 

Oakham, Sgt. M. B.; statement of career; 3 pp. 

Old, Maj. Herbert; A. E. F.; 12/11/18. 

Overman, W. B.; A. E. F.; 12/21/18. 

Parson, Maud; chief nurse, Hosp. Centre, Kerhoun, 1/3/18. 

Parsons, E. A.; U. S. S. Dolphin; 3/13/18. 

Robinson, F. R.; France, 7/2/18; 4/2 3/18. 

Robinson, Temple; France, 5/5/18. 

Richardson, G. S.; Brig. Gen.; Remura, Eng., 4/4/19. 

Shepherd, Lt. L. C; France, Easter 1918, 4/18/18, 6/1/18, 
9/18/18; Bois, France, 10/12/18, 6/9/18. 

Threadgill, J. P.; Y. M. C. A., Phila., 12/10/17. 

Thorpe, Roland; Co. E, 116th Inf.; France, 1/19/19. 

Tunstall, Capt. W. P.; 6/9/18. 

Thomas, H. V.; Base Hospital 34, 1/1/19. 

Webb, Almorine; Eng., 11/25/18; Tex., 3/11/18. 

Webb, Jas.; Bordeaux, 11/30/18. 

Woodhouse, Geo.; 12/2/18, 12/21/18. 

Wrenn, Lt. H. H.; extracts from letters; 9/3/18, 10/15/18, 
10/13/18, 10/15/18, 12/16/18. 

Williams, Hunter; Camp McClellan, 2/5-6-12-25/18. 

Ward, Sgt. A. S.; Fresnes, France, 12/15/18. 

White, N. M.; 114th Engrs.; nar. of service; 7 pp. 

American Official Communique, Haef, Nov. 5, 1918. 

Signed "M"; Amer. R. C. Hosp. 24, 10/5/18. 

Signed "Francis"; Charleston, 9/6/17. 

Signed "Frederick"; Morrison, Va., 5/9/18. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions. 
Rep. mt. of Chesapeake Bay Area Sec. Va. Hist. Com.; 30 pp. 

Council on Welcome Home Celebration; 22 pp.; by the City Clerk. 

Medal awarded men and women of Norfolk in U. S. Service. 

Visit of King and Queen of Belgium; 2 pp.; by Lillian Naylor. 


Women's Club, 16th Ann. Rept.; 48 pp. (pub.). 

Welcome Home Fete; (colored); 6 pp.; by Bessie P. Burke. 

PETERSBURG — Dr. W. F. Drewry, chrm.; Mrs. Geo. Cameron, 
R. T. Wilson. 

[* Indicates extracts copied from newspaper stories.] 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 

Adams, Pvt. Edward; 9th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

♦Blacker, Robert; death and memorial. 

♦Gregory, Sgt. E. D.; Congressional medal. 

Lassiter, Gen. W. E.; Dist. Ser. medal. 

♦Perkinson, Capt. A. C; Croix de Guerre. 

♦Perkins, Lt. R. C; Croix de Guerre. 

Smith, H. L., Jr.; 1st Engs.; Dist. Ser. med. 

Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 
♦Pre-War Matter; copied from newspapers; 40 pp. 
"Three Centuries of an Old Virginia Town"; by A. K. Davis. 
Colonial Virginia; by J. A. C. Chandler and T. B. Thames. 
♦Lessons of War (Times-Disp.) ; 6/11/16; by A. K. Davis; 10 pp. 
Preparedness Meeting in Academy of Music. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War-Time . 
War Work of Various Churches; 19 pp.; clippings. 
Christian Science War Relief Com.; 1 p. 
Third Presbyterian Church; questionnaire. 

High St. M. E. Ch.; quest, and let.; by Miss Lucy B. Shackleford. 
Grove Ave. Baptist Church; questionnaire. 
Monumental Baptist Church; questionnaire. 

St. John's Epis. Church; quest, and R. C; 1 p.; by H. S. Osburn. 
Grace Epis. Church; Honor Roll; 5 4 names. 
Grace Church Khaki Club; narrative; hist.; 4 pp. 
Religious Work in Petersburg; report of com.; by John B. Winn. 
Washington St. Methodist Ch.; war work; by John B. Winn. 
Wash. St. Meth. Ch.; Camp Lee members; by J. B. Winn. 
Second Baptist Church; questionnaire; by F. W. Moore. 
Old St. Presbyterian Church; questionnaire; by S. D. Rodgers. 
Market St. M. E. Ch.; quest.; stmt. Pastor's wk.; D. T. Merritt. 
Tabb St. Pres. Ch.; ans. to quest.; 1 p.; by C. R. Stribling. 
St. Paul's Epis. Ch.; service list; 5 pp. 
Main St. Baptist Ch.; letter; 1 p.; by Shirley Donnelly. 
Memorial M. E. Ch.; ans. to quest.; 1 p.; by N. C. Wells. 
Second Pres. Ch.; ans. to quest.; 7 pp.; by J. A. McClure. 
Central Pres. Ch. (colored); quest.; by J. H. Harris. 
St. Stephen's Epis. Ch. (colored); quest.; by E. E. Miller. 


Gillfield Baptist Ch. (colored); quest.; by W. A. Johnson. 
Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 

Effect of War on Public Schools; 19 pp.; by F. M. Martin. 
Southern College in War Period; 5 pp.; by A. K. Davis. 
♦Southern College Girls Entertain Soldiers; 4 pp. 
Petersburg Alumni of Hampden-Sidney College in the War; 3 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
A. P. Hill Rifles; muster roll; 1917-18-19. 

Registrants of 1917-18; rept. of board; 75 pp.; by S. D. Rodgers. 
* Petersburg Grays in the War; 10 pp. 
*The Eightieth Div. Training Service, etc.; 4 5 pp. 
17 8 Military Records, in duplicate. 
1 Nurse's Questionnaire, in duplicate. 
Legal Advisory Board of Petersburg; 2 pp. 

First Drafted Men from Petersburg; 1 p.; by Sgt. Oscar Wingfield. 
Roster of Home Guards; 3 pp. 

Petersburg Guards; mustering in; roll, etc.; 14 pp. 
Petersburg Doctors in the Service; 1 p.; by W. F. Drewry. 
♦The Draft in Petersburg; 8 pp. 

History of 116th Inf.; by Lt. Col. S. G. Waller; 10 pp. 
*Medical Reserve Corps; 1 p. 

Equipment Furnished for Overseas; 2 pp.; 5/29/18. 
Roster of Cos. "F" and "L," 62nd Inf., Camp Lee; 12/25/18. 
315 Field Artillery; mil. tourn't; Hopewell; program; 3/23/18. 
Central Off. Tr. School; First Co.; roster; Aug., 1918. 
Medical officers at Camp Lee; roster; Sept., 1917. 

Sec. VII — Virginia Camps and Cantonments. 
♦Camp Lee; building and visitors; 26 pp. 
♦Construction of Camp Lee; 3 pp. 
170 Liberty Theatre, Camp Lee, Posters. 

6 Liberty Theatre, "Follow the Arrow." 

7 "Boost the Liberty" Broadsides. 
Panorama View of Camp Lee. 

4 blocks Liberty Theatre Tickets. 

Misc. Coll. of Liberty Theatre Tickets. 

Two weekly schedules of Liberty Theatre. 

100 ft. of Film Rolls, Camp Lee Theatre. 

Lieuie VI; hist, of Sixth Off. Tr. School, Camp Lee. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
♦Liberty Loans; 30 pp. 

Liberty Loans; statistical report; by T. F. Heath. 
♦Liberty Loan Address by Sen. Swanson and Cong. Watson; 2 pp. 
War Savings Stamps; 4 pp.; by W. B. Mcllwaine. 
War Savings Stamps; correspondence, etc., re drive. 
Food Conservation; narrative; 2 4 pp.; by Gov. W. H. Mann. 


*Fuel Administration; 11 pp. 

Argument for estab. Gov. Armor pit.; 60 pp.; by C. of C. (pub.). 

Argument for estab. of Fed. Land Bk.; 80 pp.; by C. of C. (pub.). 

♦Tobacco Factories Need Help; 1 p. 

Council of Defence Forces Men to Work; 1 p. 

*S. A. L. Trainmen Pledge Loyalty; 4 pp. 

♦Work for Injured Men; 1 p. 

*Labor Board; 4 pp. 

♦Prisoners to Work; 1 p. 

*Boy Scouts Deliver Pamphlets; 1 p. 

Bohemian Alliance; Americanization mtg. ; 1 p. 

♦Naturalization of Aliens at Camp Lee; 8 pp. 

German Aliens' Registration; 1 p. 

♦Health Sanitation; influenza epidemic; 20 pp. 

Municipal Health Dept. in Cant. Zone; 4 pp.; by R. A. Martin. 

♦Moral Conditions in Petersburg; 17 pp. 

♦Law Enforcement; civilian committee; 30 pp. 

♦Juvenile Prot. Assn.; Girls' Prot. Assn.; etc.; 12 pp. 

Establishment of Venereal Clinic, Jan., 1918. 

Ordinance re establishment of H. of Detention; Sept. 5, 1917. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in the War. 
Petersburg and Camp Lee Soldiers; 2 pp.; by W. E. Harris. 
Petersburg — Economic and Municipal; by Leroy Hodges. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
♦Organization and Activities; 55 pp. 
Chapter Hist.; by Mrs. H. G. Leigh and W. F. Drewry; 76 pp. 
Organization of Red Cross; 7 pp. (letters, etc.) 
Red Cross in the Southside; by A. K. Davis; 5 pp. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A. War Activities; 6 pp.; by H. M. Pennypacker. 
♦Work of Y. M. C. A.; 33 pp. 

Work of Y. W. C. A.; reports; 21 pp.; by J. B. Winn. 
War Camp Community Service; narrative; 9 pp. 
♦Salvation Army; organization and activities; 7 pp. 
Travelers Aid Report; 52 pp.; by Mrs. Susan R. Griffith. 
♦War Work of Rotary Club; 24 pp. 
♦Collection of stories on War Work. 
♦Emergency Circle (Women's) ; 2 pp. 
♦Knights of Pythias; entertainment; 1 p. 
♦K. of C. and Catholic War Work; 3 pp. 
K. of C. Petersburg Council; report; 2 pp. 
♦Serbian Relief; Dr. Morton; 1 p. 
♦Jewish Relief; 1 p. 
War Relief Assn.; misc. notes; 7 pp. 

Patriotic Societies and Women's Work; 7 pp.; by P. H. Drewry 
and Mary O. Mann. Supplementary notes; 12 pp. 


*Masonic Work of Camp Lee; 1 p. 

Masonic War Relief Committee; 1 p.; by S. D. Rodgers. 

♦Sir Arthur Yapp Speaks in United War Work; 1 p. 

♦Four Minute Men; 2 pp. 

Committee on Medicine, Surgery and Dressing; 18 pp. 

Southside Med. Assn. and Camp Lee; by W. F. Drewry. 

War Program Southside Med. Assn.; Dec. 11, 1917. 

Southside Med. Assn.; visit, banquet, etc., at Camp Lee. 

An Appeal to Virginia Doctors; mtg., June, 1917. 

Activities of Petersburg Dentists; May, 1917. 

Public Meetings of Physicians, Dentists, and Nurses. 

State Committee on Training Camp Activities; mtg.; 7/25/17. 

Activities of State Committee on Training Camp Activities. 

War Act. of Colored People; 2 pp.; by W. M. Johnson. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries, and Incidents. 
Aspeslugh, Corp. Henri; Belgium Army; 5/10/18. 
Barksdale, E. M., Jr.; 8/3, 8/18, 8/25, and 9/6/18; undated. 
♦Bellinger, Corp. Joe; promotion. 
♦Burke, Dr. H. A., transferred. 
♦Dandridge, Rev. E. P.; to be chaplain. 
Davis, Chas. Hall; Civilian Experiences; 154 pp. 
Duke, J. P.; Ger.; 7/12/19; 5/5/17; 3/4/18; 1/26/19; France, 

8/25/18; 10/22/18; 11/1/18; Diary 1917-18-19. 
Ellis, J. T.; 305th Engineers; letter; 10/21/18; clipping. 
*George, Capt. H. H.; 55th Engineers; letter; 7/29/18. 
♦Hartlieb, Geo.; 318th Inf.; at Camp Lee. 
Heath, T. F., Jr.; diary in France; 22 pp. 
Jones, Ralph H.; diary in France; 60 pp. 

Kohr, Lt. R. F.; 24th Engr.; France; letters; 4/30/18, 10/21/18. 
♦Lassiter, Maj. Gen. Wm.; promotion. 
Lewis, Sgt. C. W.; 318th Inf.; France; letter; 7/21/18. 
*McGill, Dr. E. L.; promotion. 
McGill, Lt. W. M.; record of service; 6 pp. 
♦Jones, E. C; promotion. 

Reinhart, Lt. J. J.; 15 0th F. A. A.; France; letter; 7/2 9/18. 
Saveyn, Omar; Belgian Army; Zeist, Holland; letter; 7/25/18. 
*Seay, Capt. Joseph; commissioned. 
*To\vnes, Capt. J. E.; promotion. 
Wilson. T. P.; 317th Inf.; letters; 2/24/18, 12/23/18. 
♦Letter from French Child; 1 p. 
♦Extracts from Soldiers' Letters; 4 pp. 
Slang phrases and their meaning (Camp Lee); 2 pp. 
First message from Maj. Gen. Cronkhite to 80th Div. ; 1 p. 
Official Bull, of Jewish Welfare Board; 4/11/19, 12/13/18. 
War Poems; bound edition; by D. M. Meyers; 20 pp. 


Davis, Arthur Kyle; ''The Verdict"; 4/6/17. 
Davis, A. K., Jr., "War Claimed," "To Rheims Cathedral," "To 
France," "To a Dead Aviator," "To Her From France," 
"Sonnet of Today and Yesterday," From U. Va. Mag. 
Davis, Chas. Hall; "The Hope of the World", 12/25/19; "Fairy 
Crosses", 2/23/19; "My Country", 3/12/15; "To U. S. 
Marine Corp", 12/21/18; "A Prayer for Peace", 12/25/14; 
"The Salvation Army", 5/19/19; "The Curse of Cain", 
12/25/16; "America's Shame", 6/1/20; "The Merry 
Hymn of the Red Cross", 12/25/17; "When the Eightieth 
Comes Home," 5/20/19; menu of banquet, 1/18/18. 
Dodd, Lonzo; 159th Inf.; "The Discharged Resolution". 
Duke, J. P.; "The Kaiser's Place"; "Camp Lee Parade." 
Mcllwaine, Dr. W. B.; "Camp Lights"; "From a Soldier to His 
Wife"; "St. Mihiel"; "Storms." 
Rodgers, Samuel D.; Camp Lee; "A Prayer". 
"■Celebration, July 4, 1918; 3 pp. 
Hiking Songs; Camp Lee; 1918. 
♦How the "Bayonet", Camp Lee, was founded; 1 p. 

* "Weeps Because He Can't Enlist"; Abraham Hitt; colored; 1 p. 
Barth, Col. C. H.; 2nd Inf.; sketch of service; 1 p. 

* Visit of Charles Pergler of Czecho-Slovakia; 2 pp. 

Virginia Symmachy; address of Arthur Kyle Davis; to preserve 
local War Hist.; Sussex unveils ser. flag.; 2 pp. 

*Sen. Swanson and Rep. Watson speak; 9/24/17. 

Letter and Editorial from Index-Appeal; 4 pp. 

Poster; office forms; information cards, etc.; 13 pieces. 

♦Petersburg Men into Service; individual stories; 20 pp. 

♦Miscellaneous Items on Petersburg and Camp Lee; 13 pp. 

♦War Exhibits of Fair, 1918; 5 pp. 

320th Inf., Co. H; Menu; 12/25/17. 

320th Inf., Co. I; Menu; 12/25/17. 

318th Inf., Hdq. Co.; Menu; 12/25/17. 

318th Inf., Co. B; Menu; 12/25/17. 

317th Inf., Supply Co.; Menu (roster); 11/29/17. 

317th Inf., Medical Detach.; Menu; 11/29/17. 

315th F. A., Batt. F.; Menu; 12/25/17. 

315th F. A., Batt. C; Menu (roster); 11/29/17. 

315th F. A., Batt. E; Menu; 11/29/17. 

314th F. A., Batt. E; Menu; 12/25/17. 

314th F. ., Batt. D; Menu (roster); 11/29//17. 

155th Depot Brig., 10th Co., 3rd Tr. Ba.; Menus; 12/30/18; Offi- 
cers' Club, 11/21/18; First Ba., 12/25/18. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Med. Detach.; Menu (roster); 1/23/19. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Co. C; Menu (roster); 11/27/19; 12/25/19. 


62nd U. S. Inf., Co. H; Menu (roster); 1/21/19. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Hdq. Co.; Menu (roster); 7/4/19. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Co. P; Menu (roster); 12/25/16. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Co. A; Christmas card; 1919. 

62nd U. S. Inf., Co. K; Menu (roster); 12/15/19. 

Mobile Laundry Units, Q. M. C. Det'h.; Menu (roster); 12/25/18. 

Provost Guard Co.; dance; 7/9/19. 

Motor Supply Train, 8th Reg. Div., Co. A; (roster); 1/16/19. 

Motor Co. D; (roster); 1/15/19. 

Quartermaster Corps Detach.; dance; 5/3/19. 

8th Mil. Police., Co. B; Schedule (roster); 12/25/18. 

105th Ordnance Depot Co.; Menu (roster); 11/ — /18. 

Cen. Officers' Tr. School Detach.; Menu (roster); 11/14/18. 

Cen. Officers Tr. School, 3d Co., 1st Ba.; Menu (roster); 8/17/18. 

Cen. Officers Tr. School, 1st Inf. Co.; Menu (roster); 8/23/18. 

43rd Inf., 2nd Ba.; Menu; 12/25/19. 

Depot Brig., 2nd Ba.; Menu; 7/19/18. 

Officers' Tr. Camp; 2nd Ba.; Menu; 4/5/18. 

Veterinary Tr. School; 8th Co.; Menu (roster); 12/25/18. 

Inf. Replace. & Tr. Camp; dance; 8/9/18. 

Camp Hospital; Menu; 12/25/19; Menu; 11/27/19. 

24th Machine Gun Ba., Co. A; Menu (roster); 12/25/18. 

School for Bakers & Cooks; Menus (roster), 12/25/18; 10/29/19. 

Patriotic Marching Song; by Walter C. Archer. 

"How Do You Know?" editorial Index-Appeal, 8/29/18. 

Smileage Book. 

Mines and bridges; Eng. Tr. Sch. Fr., R. H. Jones. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions. 
•Celebration of Armistice; 2 pp. 
♦Return of Petersburg Grays; 5 pp. 
♦To Help Soldiers Get Jobs; 1 p. 
♦Welcome 116th Home: 2 pp. 

PORTSMOUTH — Judge R. L. Gardner, Mrs. Mark Reid. Mrs. 
W. E. Gilbert. 
Sec. II — Pre-War Conditions and Activities. 

Pre-War Conditions; narrative; 2 pp.; by A. M. Griggs. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Monumental M. E. Ch.; quest, and clipping; by W. R. Stevens. 
Unknown Church; questionnaire; by Rev. V. W. Barzamin. 
Hebrew Organ.; 7 pp.; by Mrs. A. M. Jacobson and S. Lasting. 
War Work of Mrs. S. E. Cherry, Park View M. E. Ch.; 1 p. 
Court Street Baptist Church; war work of women; 4 pp. 
Park View Methodist Church; statistical report; 4 pp. 
Park View Baptist Church; 2 pp.; by Mrs. J. u. Robertson. 


First Pres. Church; work of women; 3 pp.; by Mary LeCompte. 

Monumental M. E. Church; war work; 8 pp. 

City Mission Board Report; 1 p. 

St. Vincent De Paul's Soc, St. Paul's Catholic Ch.; 2 pp. 

St. Paul's Catholic Church; war work report; 6 pp. 

Chaplain's Aid Assn.; war work; 3 pp. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in War Time. 
War Work of the Public Schools; 2 pp.; by H. O. Hunt. 
St. Joseph's Academy; report; 2 pp. 

Portsmouth Students' Club; 3 pp.; by Mrs. Beverly C. Cobb. 
St. Joseph's Alumnae Assn.; report by the secretary. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Women of the Navy Yard (yoemen); 11 pp.; by Lottie M. Morse. 
Portsmouth Woman's Naval Service; 3 pp.; by Fannie Cuthrell. 
Military Records; 50 duplicate; 95 single. 
List of Registrants; 23 pp. 

Sec. VII — Virginia Camps and Cantonments. 
Adjoining Camp (description); 2 pp. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Third Liberty Loan; Woman's Com.; 3 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 
Fourth Liberty Loan; Woman's Com.; 3 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 
Fifth Liberty Loan; Woman's Com.; 3 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 
Girl Scouts, Glover Troop No. 2; 7 pp.; by Mary Phillips. 
Girl Scouts, Troop No. 1; report; 3 pp.; by Agnes Earnest. 
Housewives League; activ. ; 3 pp.; by Miss Mary R. Anderson. 
Home Economics Work; report; 2 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 
Cradock & Truxtun; model towns; 1 p. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
The Community in the War, 27 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Portsmouth Chapter History; 14 pp. and questionnaire. 
Portsmouth Chapter; report; 5 pp.; by Gertrude Pearson. 
Emergency Committee, Portsmouth Chapter; report; 11 pp. 
Statement of Donations to Emer. Comm., Port. Chap.; 5 pp. 
Navy Yard Aux.; 3 pp.; by Mrs. L. W. Spratling. 
Report of First Aid Classes; 2 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 
History of the Organization of Portsmouth Chapter; 7 pp. 
Report Civilian Relief Com. and Home Service Sec; 6 pp. 
St. Joseph's Alumnae Assn. Aux.; report; 2 pp.; by the Pres. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Camp Com. Ser. Report of Portsmouth Branch; 21 pp. 
Work of Women under W. C. C. Ser.; 5 pp.; by Ellen K. Gross. 
Library Com., War Camp Com. Ser.; 3 pp.; by Mrs. B. C. Cobb. 
American Library Assn. War Work; 4 pp.; by Mrs. B. C. Cobb. 
Armenian Relief; Women's Com.; 2 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 


Women in United War Work Fund; by Fanny M. Capps. 

American Fund for French Wounded; by Mrs. B. Hunter. 

D. A. R., Ft. Nelson; chap, activ.; 3 pp.; by Mrs. T. H. Wright. 

U. D. C, Portsmouth Chapter; war work; 3 pp.; by Chairman. 

Volunteer Motor Corps; report of war work; 2 pp. 

Equal Suffrage War Work; 1 p. 

"Man Without a Country"; by Fanny M. Capps. 

Christmas at Naval Hospital, 1917; 5 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 

Christmas, Naval Hosp., 1918; 5 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 

May Day at the Naval Hospital; 3 pp.; by Fanny M. Capps. 

Colored Emergency Hospital; work during influenza; 3 pp. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Gen. Nivelle's Career; clipping. 

RADFORD — Judge R. L. Gardner, Mrs. Mark Reid, Mrs. W. E. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Cassel, Judge G. D.; War Work of; 1 p.; by J. P. McConnell. 
Nye, Lt. W. P.; ser. rec. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Christ's Evan. Luth. Church; questionnaire. 
Womans Mem. Evan. Luth. Church; questionnaire. 

Sec. VI — Draft JLavv and Virginia Organizations. 
Official Hist. 116th Inf.; 7 pp.; by Lt. Col. S. G. Waller. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Radford in the War; 2 pp.; by G. E. Cassel. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
War Camp Community Ser.; 2 pp.; by F. B. Fitzpatrick. 
Salvation Army; report; 1 p.; by F. B. Fitzpatrick. 
War Chest; story of drive; 1 p.; by F. B. Fitzpatrick. 

RICHMOND — G. C. Scott, chrm.; Dr. C. R. Robins, W. C. 
Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

Names submitted for consideraion for State Honor Roll. 

A. Military. 

Allen, Corp. J. E.; 116th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Boggs, Lt. J. €.; 2nd Mach. Gun Batn.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Dunn, Pvt. J. B.; 116th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Holloway, Sgt. H. L.; 308 Trench Mortar Batn.; D. S. C. 

Lumpkin, Sgt. L. M.; Pack Train No. 1, Q. M. C; D. S. C. 

Maxie, Corp. R. E.; 116th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Miles, Pvt. H. B.; 318th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Stelor, Lt. C. A.; 127th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Vial, Corp. F. A.; U. S. Marine Corps; Dist. Ser. Cross. 


Gorman, Sgt. C. A.; 116th Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Wadell, Maj. E. C.; 23rd Inf.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Word, Lt. W. E.; 151 Field Art.; Dist. Ser. Cross. 

Sumner, Lt. Col. E. V.; Air Service; Dist. Ser. Medal. 

Statements of Citations of: Russell Farmer; Mrs. Stuart Mc- 
Cuire; Lt. Col. Stuart McGuire; W. W. Martin; Capt. R. 
L. Montague; L. L. Strauss; K. B. Anderson; J. H. Ba- 
cock; C. C. Cochran; Max Gordon; T. A. Jones; Sgt. M. 
J. Liberman; Capt. J. D. Polley; Maj. Allen Potts; Capt. 
T. B. Byrd; Lt. H. A. Riche; Capt. M. R. Mills; Maj. 
W. P. Upshur; Maj. P. H. Bagby; Lt. Com. A. L. John- 
ston, Lt. Col. J. C. Wise; Capt. Catesby Jones; R. H. 
Lindsey; Capt. A. H. Kelly. 

B. Civilian. 

Anderson, Col. Henry W. ; War Work of; 2 pp. 

Branch, John Kerr; War Work of; 1 p. 

Bryan, John Stewart; War Work of; 1 p. 

Calisch, Rabbi E. N.; War Work of; 1 p. 

Carrington, Col. Tazewell M.,; War work of; 2 pp. 

Freeman, Douglas; War work of; 3 pp. 

Hasbrook, Col. Charles E.; War Work of; 2 pp. 

Keiley, Col. C. R.; War Work of; 2 pp. 

MacLachlan, Dr. H. D. C; War Work of; 1 p. 

O'Connell, Bishop Dennis J.; War work of; 3 pp. 

Reed, W. T.; War Work of; 1 p. 

Scott, Fred. W.; War Work of; 1 p. 

Seay, George J.; War Work of; 1 p. 

Stern, Jo Lane; War Work of; 2 pp. 

Strauss, Lewis L. ; War Work of; 1 p. 

Williams, John Skelton; War Work of; 1 p. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Centenary Methodist Church; narrative; 11 pp. 

St. John's Evangelical Church; report; 8 pp. 

St. Mark's Episcopal Church; report; 10 pp. 

Daughters of the King, St. Mark's Church; report; 12 pp. 

Second Presbyterian Church; report; 6 pp.; by Russell Cecil. 

Epiphany Episcopal Church; narrative; 7 pp. 

Denny Street Methodist Church; report; 1 p.; by R. N. Hartness. 

Meade Memorial Church; report; 1 p.; by Thos. Semmes. 

Hanover Avenue Christian Church; ser. rec. ; by J. B. Hunley. 

Bethlehem Evan. Luth. Ch.; ser. men.; by F. H. Meuschke. 

Episcopal Church; questionnaire; by J. G. Downman. 

Holy Comforter Epis. Church; report; 3 pp.; by W. W. Smith. 

Trinity M. E. Church; questionnaire. 

Monumental Episcopal Church; questionnaire; by R. H. Meade. 


Branch Mem. M. E. Church; report; 3 pp.; by C. C. Chappell. 

Monument Methodist Church; quest.; by G. W. Jones. 

Union Station M. E. Church; ser. rec; by Miss Lela Barnette. 

St. Paul's Episcopal Church; narrative; 12 pp. 

St. Thomas Church; report; 8 pp.; by Grace L. Redd. 

Broadus Mem. Baptist Church; report; by Mrs. T. J. Jackson, Jr. 

Grace-Covenant Pres. Ch.; ans. to quest.; 7 pp.; by G. F. Peter. 

Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church; letter from R. V. Peyton. 

Christian Science Ch.; review; 1 p.; letter; by B. F. Chandler. 

Laurel S. M. E. Church; 25 military records. 

Ginter Park Baptist Ch.; ans. to quest.; 1 p.; by Wm. Hedley. 

Catholic Women's Activities, 1917 to 1919; 6 pp. 

Holy Trinity Church; questionnaire; by J. J. Gravatt. 

Grace Epis. Ch.; list of ser. men; 1 p.; by W. H. Burkhardt. 

Randolph St. Bap. Ch.; report; 4 pp.; by W. E. Robertson. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Richmond College; war history. 
Richmond College; list of S. A. T. C; 7 pp. 
Richmond College; service list; undergraduates; 22 pp. 
Richmond College; honor roll; 1 p.; 22 names. 
Richmond College; faculty in service; 4 names. 
Richmond College; service list; graduates; 14 pp. 
Richmond Coll. Becomes Fed. Hosp.; 2 pp.; by Garnett Ryland. 
Westhampton College; war work. 

Va. Mec. Inst.; statement of war act.; 5 pp.; by Harry Davidson. 
Massey Business College; statement; 1 p.; by T. T. Kincheloe. 
Medical College; war rec. of faculty, School of Pharmacy. 
Medical College; Base Hosp. 45; hist.; 7 pp.; by J. F. Geisinger. 
Va. Dentists in the War (refers to Med. Col.); 15 pp. 
Medical College; Amb. Co. 319; hist.; 7 pp.; by J. J. Hulcher. 
Medical College; School of Medicine; war hist.; 2 pp. 
Smithdeal Bus. College; summary; 1 p.; by W. T. Smithdeal. 
School of Social Work; 4 pp.; letter; 1 p.; by H. H. Hibbs. 
School of Social Work; healh and welfare of Va.; 12 pp. 
Collegiate Schoo 1 ; questionnaire. 
Mount Marie Convent; questionnaire. 
Hartshorn Memorial College; statement. 

Public Schools; activities; 1917-18; 24 pp.; by school board. 
Public Schools; war activities: 1918-19; II pp. 
Bethlehem Lutheran School; quest.; by C. F. Reuss. 
Virginia Union University; war work; 4 pp. 
Union Theological Seminary; list of ser. men; 9 pp. 
St. Christopher's Sch.: 2 pp.; by C. G. Chamberlayne. 
McGnire's University School: 1 pp.: by J. P. McGuire. 
Va. Randolph Ellett School; 1 p.; by Miss Rosalie Noland. 


Richmond S. A. T. C, Sec, B.; descript.; 5 pp.; by W. C. Locker. 
Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 

Base Hospital No. 45; overseas ser.; 3 pp.; by O. B. Wattington. 
Photographs of nurses of Base Hospital No. 45. 
Registrants Division No. 1; 37 pp. 
Registrants Division No. 2; 36 pp. 
Registrants Division No. 3; 47 pp. 
Registrants Division No. 4; 38 pp. 
Registrants Division No. 5; 33 pp. 
1,600 Military Records. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan Statistics; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
First Liberty Loan; report; 2 pp.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Second Liberty Loan; report; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Third Liberty Loan; report; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Fourth Liberty Loan; report; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Fifth Liberty Loan; report; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Agricultural Activities; narr. ; 2 pp.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
James River Garden Club; 2 pp.; by Juanita M. Patterson. 
Boy Scouts, Troop 9; 4 pp.; by T. O. Heinrich. 
Fed. Fuel Admin.; Hist.; 9 pp.; by H. L. Smith; Collection of 

publications and office forms. 
Food Administration (women's); 4 pp.; by Kate P. Minor. 
Food Conservation and the Churches; 8 pp.; by Mrs. E. C. Minor. 
Letter Authorizing Purchase of Sugar; by Mrs. G. T. W. Kern; 
War Industries; report; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Commerce During the War; 1 p.; by Chamber of Commerce. 
Chamber of Commerce in the War; 1 p.; by Chamber of Com. 
Findings of Grand Jury on Profiteering; 6 pp. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Hist, of Jews; 62 pp.; by H. T. Ezekiel and Gaston Lichtenstein. 
Richmond's Answer to Call for Help; 2 pp.; by Chamber of Com. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
History; 13 pp.; by H. G. Boykin and Grace M. Neal. 
Work of Richmond Chapter; 3 pp.; by G. M. Neal. 
Nursing Survey Committee; report; 2 pp.; by Rose Z. Van Vort. 
Miller & Rhoads Red Cross Unit; 1 p.; by Miss Minnie Gibbs. 
"As You Like It"; auxiliary report; 1 p.; by Rosa C. Block. 
Resume of Work of Richmond Chapter; 2 pp. 
Women Who Received Medals for R. C. Work; 36 names. 
First Pres. Church Aux.; statistical rpt.; 1 p.; by Mrs. Cannon. 
St. James Epis. Ch. Aux.; report; 3 pp.; by H. L. Valentine. 
Knitting Dept.; narrative; 14 pp.; by Bessie B. Grabowski. 
Home Service Section; narr.; 4 pp.; by Mrs. Henry Baskerville. 
Clippings and letters relating to work of Knitting Dept. 


Smileage Book Campaign; letter; 1 p.; by A. M. Smith. 
Hospital Sup. Com.; narrative; 6 pp.; by Mrs. C. U. Williams. 
Canteen Committee; narr. ; 12 pp. 

Surgical Dressing Workrooms; 4 pp.; by Airs. Estelle Vincent. 
Work with Richmond Chap.; 5 pp.; by Miss Martha W. Purcell. 
Colored Branch; history; 9 pp. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; descriptive newspaper article; by S. K. McKee. 
War Camp Community Service; narrative; 7 pp. 
War Camp Community Service; Woman's Aux.; 14 pp. 
W. C. C. S., Worn. Aux.; mins. book; 7/30/18, 6/26/19; 90 pp. 
Fatherless Children of Prance; 1 p.; by Mrs. J. T. Ellyson. 
War Relief Association; report; 8 pp. 
Colonial Dames of America; 3 pp.; by Mrs. W. R. Cox. 
Daughters of 1812; history; 3 pp.; by Bertha E. Judd. 
U. D. C, Richmond Chapter; report; 5 pp.; by Mrs. W. J. Judd. 
National Civic Federation; report; 1 p.; by Mrs. J. A. Hodges. 
Council of Jewish Women; 3 pp.; by Sadie L. Wallerstein. 
Beth Ahabah Aux.; report; 2 pp.; by Mrs. Meyer Kirsh. 
War Kitchen; minutes of committee meetings; 10 pp. 
Woman's Land Army of Amer. ; 2 pp.; by Juanita M. Patterson. 
Nat. League for Woman's Ser.; 9 pp.; by Mrs. F. D. Williams; 

report, Feb., 1917; 4 pp.; by Juanita M. Patterson. 
Godmother's League; report; 9 pp. 

Godmother's League; minutes book; 9/11/17 — 3/1918; 111 pp. 
Woman's Aux. Grays' Assn.; 3 pp.; by Loulie Millhiser. 
Woman's Aux. Howitzers' Assn.; 5 pp.; by Mrs. E. W. Sydnor. 
Va. Assn. Opp. to Woman's Suff.; 3 pp.; by Mrs. F. D. Williams. 
Equal Suffrage League; 4 pp.; by Edith C. Cowles. 
A. F. & A. M.; honor roll and ser. list; in proceedings 1918-19. 
Highland Park Worn. Club; report; 1 p.; by Elizabeth Quinly. 
Woman's Club of Barton Heights; 2 pp.; by Mrs. Cullen Pitt. 
Woman's Club of Ginter Park; statistics; 1 p. 
Musician's Club; history; 2 pp.; by Louise Williams. 
Social Workers of Nurses' Settlement: 

General report; 1 p.; by Lucy Witt and Louise Lewis. 
Neighborhood House; 1 p.; by Pauline Thalheimer. 
House of Happiness; 1 p.; by Nannie Wise. 
Worn. Munition Reserves; report; 3 pp.; by Mrs. J. E. Cannon. 
Va. Anti-Tuberculosis Assn.; 2 pp.; by Agnes D. Randolph. 
Collection of miscellaneous memoranda. 
Special War Work of Kate Langley Bosher; 1 p. 
Women's Munition Reserve; 2 vols.; Miss W. G. Crenshaw. 


Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 

Ancarrow, Lt. N. R.; Co. "A," 317th Inf., letters; "At Sea,'" 
5/30/18; France, 6/6/18; 6/7/18; 6/16/18; 6/19/18; 
6/27/18; 7/2/18; 7/22/18; 7/31/18; 8/18/18; 8/18/18; 
8/31/18; 9/5/18; 9/9/18; 9/13/18; 9/15/18; 9/19/18;. 
9/21/18; 9/21/18; 10/15/18; 10/17/18; 10/23/18; 
10/30/18; (2 undated); clippings; telegrams, etc. 
Anderson, Col. Henry; memorandum; France; 1/1/19. 
Blackfords, S. D.; des. of fighting; France; 7/3/19; 3 pp. 
Calisch, Lt. H. E.; France; 9/26/18, 2/18/19. 
Campbell, Lt. I. E.; A. R. C, London; 7/22/18; France; 8/9/18; 

8/22/18, 9/25/18, 12/30/18; 
1/9/19, 1/20/18, 1/24/18. 
Clarke, Lt. G. S., Mieuwied, Ger.; 1/11/19. 
Davis, Sgt. C. F., France (card); 7/25/18. 
Ezekiel, Maj. G. A., France; 8/30/18. 
Goldman, Lt. J. C, France; 9/7/18. 

Hankins, C. O., 318th Inf., France; 6/15/18; 83 letters; 6/2/19.. 

Hinton, Leonard; U. S. S. Rhode Island; 4/25/14, 4/29/14; 

Fort Trumbull, 3/8/19; two undated; Baltimore, 

11/28/17, 4/2/18, 4/16/18; New London. Conn., 3/1/19. 

Hinton, Edgar, France, 10/3/18; Ric, 10/7/18, 10/13/18, 

12/3/18, 12/28/18, 12/30/18. 
Hinton, Hugh, 8/13/17; Roc. Ship Bay Ridge, 5/24/19; U. S. 
S. Bridge; two undated; U. ■ - . S. Carola, 4/14/ — ; Re- 
cruit Camp 1st. Reg., 9th Co., Charleston, S. C, 7/2/17; 
one undated; U. S. S. Long Beach, 8/23/18, 10/5/18, 
10/25/18, 11/26/18, 12/1/18; five undated. 
Jaffe, Louis L, Air Service, France; 8/21/18. 
Lichtenstein, Joe, Jr. (card), France; 9/22/18. 
Mason, Lt. R. F., 103rd Inf., Sketch of Life; 2 pp.; extracts from 

leters; 3/11/18 — 10/27/18; 2 newspaper clippings. 
Meyer, Milton M., Paris Island, S. C; 11/6/18. 
Rosenfeld, Keen, 43rd Balloon Co., France; 12/10/18. 
Rothschild, A. M., Paris Island, S. C; 12/2/18. 
Szold, Corp. Albert, 485 Aero Squad, France; 9/17/18. 
Van Landingham, H.; 8/9/18, 6/24/19, 10/6/19. 
"A Letter From Home"; desc. of Paris; 14 pp.; by F. S. Peple.. 
"Heads Up," published at Hospital No. 52; 87 copies. 
Copy of "Bricks"; reference to W. G. Winn. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Program; Armistice Celebration; 11/10/19, 11/15/19. 

ROANOKE — Dr. Arthur Rowbotham, chrm.; R. B. Adams. 
Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 

Virginians of Dist. Ser.; nar.; 1 p.; by Arthur Rowbotham. 


Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 
Howe, Lt. E. H., 116th Inf.; commendatory letters. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Virginia College; 5 pp.; by Mrs. Gertrude H. Boatwright. 
War Work of Public Schools; 6 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
62 Military Records in duplicate. 
Registrants; Div. I; 13 pp. 
Registrants; Div. II; 16 pp. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Roanoke Chapter; history; by History Committee. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Cocke, Lucian R.; Jr., series of 138 letters; 12/27/17 to 5/4/19: 
diary; April 18, 1916, to June 9, 1919; 113 pp. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
Post War Cond. in Roanoke; 2 pp.; by Arthur Rowbotham. 

STAUNTON — Mrs. A. F. Robertson, Mrs. H. S. Green. 

Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Names submitted for consideration for State Honor Roll. 
Greene, Jno. N.; military Record of; 6 pp. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Marquis Memorial Church; questionnaire; by N. P. Wilkie. 
Religions; 2 pp.; by Murray D. Mitchell. 
Lutheran Church, War Work of; 3 pp. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Stuart Hall School for Girls; statistics; 1 p. 
Mary Baldwin Seminary; narrative; 4 pp.; by M. R. Higgins. 
Patriotic Record, Staunton Military Academy; 4 pp. 
Augusta Military Academy; narr.; 2 pp. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
40 Military Records in Duplicate. 
Draft Board Report; 6 pp.; Hulst Glenn. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Liberty Loan; narrative and statistical report; 5 pp. 
Boy Scouts; Troop No. 1; questionnaire; by J. J. Gravatt, Jr. 
Victory Boys; report; 1 p.; by Taylor McCoy. 
Victory Girls; report; 1 p.; by Sarah T. Robertson. 

Sec. IX — Virginia Communities in War Time. 
Officers of City and County During the War. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia* 
Junior R. C; Va. School for Deaf & Blind; 4 pp.; by W. D. Hoge. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Y. M. C. A.; report; 2 pp.; by R. W. Hammerslough. 
Y. M. C. A.; oversea service of Jacob Hevener; 2 pp. 


Y. M. C. A.; oversea service of W. E. Abrams; 1 p. 

War Camp Community Service; report; 1 p. 

Community Welfare League; history; 4 pp. 

Belgian Relief; report; 1 p.; by A. F. Robertson. 

Armenian and Syrian Relief; 2 pp.; by Mrs. E. C. Harrison. 

Serbian Relief; report; 1 p.; by Margaret B. Robertson. 

Fatherless Children of France; 2 pp.; by Emma P. Cassell. 

Friendship Circle Club; 1 p.; by Sarah J. Robertson. 

U. D. C; J. E. B. Stuart Chapter; war work; 1 p. 

D. A. R.; Beverley Manor Chap.; 2 pp.; by Charlotte R. Taylor. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Chermside, Sergt. Robert; letters; France; 3/3/18, 6/19/18. 
Gochenour, Corp. R. S.; 319th Eng.; letters, Brest, 2/20/19, 

5/24/19; Coblenz, 8/15/19. 
Robertson, A. G.; 9th Inf., France, letters, 8/13/18, 8/20/18, 
9/18718, 9/29/18, 11/16/18, 11/19/18, 11/24/18, 6/10/ 
Rogers, Mrs. C. W. ; incident of personal work. 
Young, Rugar; 2 6th Inf.; France, letter, 8/2/18. 
Sackett; 2 6th Inf.; France, letters, 6/30/18, 7/27/18. 
Rogers, Mrs. C. W.; incident of personal work. 
Scott, J. G., Marine Corps; 9 letters; 1/6/18, 6/2/19. 
Four clippings. 

Sec. XV — Post War Conditions and Activities. 
General Narrative; 3 pp.; by Peyton Cochran. 

SUFFOLK — Judge J. L. McLemore, chrm.; Mrs. Arthur Wool- 
ford, Mr. G. A. Harris. 

Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
State of religious conditions and activities. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
Roster of Co. F, 4th Virginia Infantry. 
List of Suffolk men who died in service. 
Suffolk Grays; statement of activities. 

Sec. VIII — Economic and Social Conditions. 
Statement of Liberty Loan Sales. 

Sec. XHI — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Statements of War Work by various agencies. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
"Charlie"; 7/11/18, 6/8/ — . 

Clarke, Lt. G. Stanley, 9/17 — ; Nieuwied, Germany, 1/11/19. 
"Everett"; 8/4/18. 

Gilbert, Joy; 3/23/19; Base Hospital, Camp Lee; undated. 
"Joe"; 11/20/ — ; France, 9/19/18. 
Leone, C. A., Inf. R., Camp Lee; 8/11/18. 
Richards, Ehel, Suffolk; 1/24/18. 


Richards, Etta, Suffolk; 2/2/18; undated. 

"Smith," U. S. N. Air Station, Key West; 2/6/20. 

Smith, W. W.. 3/27/ — ; Key West, 4/12/ — . 

Thomas, Pvt., Gersham J. Le Courneau, France; 11/25/18. 

Tucker, L. A., 3rd Co., Camp Green; undated. 

Unsigned letters; 7/13/18, 1/23/18, 7/3/18, 7/10/18; 3 undated. 

WINCHESTER — C. V. Eddy, chrm.; Miss Augusta Conrad, Mrs. 
Clay DeGrange. 
Sec. I — Virginians of Distinguished Service. 
Letters nominating Capt. R. Y. Conrad, Sgt. Louis Snapp, Sgt. 
Jesse Frye, Sgt. Joseph Reid, Corp. Isaac Allamong, Lt. 
Harold Dinges, Luthur Pannett; 1 p.; by R. W. Smith. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 
Christ's Church (Epis.); war record; 3 pp. 

Sec, IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
Shenandoah Academy; summary; 1 p. 

Sev. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
12 Military Records in duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Junior Red Cross; 12 pp.; series of cdippings. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Snapp, Sgt. L. E.; Co. "I," 116th Inf., France; diary; 4/13/17 
to 10/21/17. 

WILLIAMSBURG — Ashton Dovell, chrm.; Mrs. R. M. Crawford, 
T. H. Geddy. 
Sec. Ill — Virginia Churches in War Time. 

Bruton Parish Church; rept.; 3 pp.; by E. R. Jones. 

Sec. IV — Virginia Schools and Colleges in the War. 
William and Mary College; brief history; by H. L. Bridges. 

Sec. VI — Draft Law and Virginia Organizations. 
5 Military Records in duplicate. 

Sec. XII — The Red Cross in Virginia. 
Surg. Dressing Com., 1916-1919; 2 pp.; by Anne T. Chapman. 

Sec. XIII — War Work and Relief Organizations. 
Nat. League for Worn. Ser., Jas. City Br.; 4 pp.; by C. E. Friend. 
Educational and Civic Organ. Rpt.; 1 p.; by Anne T. Chapman. 
Woman's Club, 1 p. 

Sec. XIV — War Letters, Diaries and Incidents. 
Pamphlet soliciting stories concerning Testaments. 




We are indebted to the following gentlemen for inserting, at the 
editor's request, portraits of ancestors or kinsmen : Mr. Robert S. 
Chamberlayne, Richmond, for Bishop Madison; Mr. J. Stewart Bryan, 
Richmond, for Judge St. George Tucker; Mr. Frank D. Williams, 
Richmond, for Benjamin Watkins Leigh, and Mr. Thomas J. Michie, 
Charlottesville, for Chapman Johnson, and also to Dr. J. A. C. Chand- 
ler, President of William and Mary College, for views of the College, 
Raleigh Tavern and the Apollo Room. 


By a typographical error the name of Capt. C. Cortland Walton, 
Richmond, was dropped from its place on page xiii of the annual list 
of members published in the January Magazine. 

For Wilbur L. Hall, Richmond, read Wilmer F. Hall. 

It has always been our custom to print a list of officers and mem- 
bers once a year, in January. This year however, we feel that the 
members of the Society will be as much interested in the very gratify- 
ing growth in membership, as are the officers. We therefore print 
below the names of members elected after the publication of the list 
in the January 1921 Magazine and up to the time this number goes 
to press. 

Life — Miss May I. Moore, Richmond, Va. 

Annual — Col. John T. Knight, U. S. A., San Francisco, Cal. ; 
Edward H. Wales, New York, N. Y. ; Robert L. Powers, Richmond, 
Va. ; Col. G. L. Barton, Jr., Lexington, Va. ; J. W. Bell, Abingdon, 
Va. ; James R. Caskie, Lynchburg, Va. ; Hon. Kenneth N. Gilpin, Boyce, 
Va. ; Col. W. M. Hunley, Lexington, Va. ; Hon. Joseph L. Kelley, 
Bristol, Va. ; William Travers Lewis, Berryville, Va. ; Dr. Hunter H. 
McGuire, Winchester, Va. ; Mrs. John C. Paxton, Woodstock, Va. ; 
Hon. J. M. Quarles, Staunton, Va. ; Hon. E. Lee Trinkle, Wytheville, 
Va. ; Ernest Williams, Lynchburg, Va. ; R. Gray Williams, Winchester, 
Va.; J. F. Wysor, Pulaski, Va. ; Rev. John L. Roemer, D. D., St. 
Charles, Mo.; Mrs. R. F. Barton, Winchester, Va. ; John L. Lee, 
Lynchburg, Va. ; James I. Pritchett, Danville, Va. ; Rev. W. Twyman 
Williams, Lynchburg, Va. ; A. S. Grymes, New York, N. Y. ; Miss 
Katherine R. Glass, Winchester, Va. ; A. Moore, Jr., Berryville, Va. ; 
J. E. Parkinson, Danville, Va. ; J. F. Rison, Danville, Va. ; Major B. M. 


Roszel, Winchester, Va. ; Blackburn Smith, Berryville, Va. ; F. C. Sub- 
lett, Harrisonburg, Va. ; Dr. A. G. Brown, Jr., Richmond, Va. ; A. B. 
Dickinson, Richmond, Va. ; Tazewell M. Carrington, Richmond, Va. ; 
John M. Miller, Jr., Richmond, Va. ; Legh R. Page, Richmond, Va. ; 
Andrew J. Ellis, Ashland, Va. ; W. Meade Addison, Richmond, Va. ; 
Judge John L. Ingram, Richmond, Va. ; A. H. Felthaus, Richmond, 
Va. ; Philip B. Sheild, Richmond, Va. ; G. Watson James, Jr., Rich- 
mond, Va. ; Cary Ellis Stern, Richmond, Va. ; W. M. Habliston, West- 
hampton, Richmond, Va. ; Miss Cally Ryland, Richmond, Va. ; William 
T. Reed, Richmond, Va. ; E. Victor Williams, Richmond, Va. ; E. M. 
Crutchfield, Richmond, Va. ; Carter W. Wormeley, Richmond, Va. ; 
Henry E. Litchford, Richmond, Va. ; Richard H. Smith, Richmond, 
Va. ; Miss Helen Stevens, Richmond, Va. ; Allen J. Saville, 
Richmond, Va. ; W. Welby Beverley, Henrico county, Va. ; 
Thomas J. Stubbs, Jr., Richmond, Va. ; O. A. Hankins, Rich- 
mond, Va. ; W. C. Schmidt, Richmond, Va. ; William C. Camp, 
Richmond, Va. ; Waller Holladay, Richmond, Va. ; Samuel P. 
Waddill, Henrico county, Va. ; Frank A. Hobson, Westhampton, Rich- 
mond, Va. ; Dr. Stuart Michaux, Richmond, Va. ; Dr. Alfred L. Gray, 
Richmond, Va. ; Andrew J. Gray, Jr., Richmond, Va. ; W. S. Drewry, 
Richmond, Va. ; Dr. Greer Baughman, Richmond, Va. ; J. Lee Davis, 
Richmond, Va. ; Robert N. Pollard, Richmond, Va. ; City Library, 
Wichita, Kansas; Mrs. William McAdoo, New York, N. Y. ; Rev. 
S. S. Ware, Berryville, Va. ; Miss Ellen Guy Lindsay, Richmond, Va. ; 
Miss Ellen Glasgow, Richmond, Va. ; Turner G. Smith, Atlanta, Ga. ; 
Miss Lillie Detrick, Baltimore, Md. ; Col. James M. Love, Jr., U. S. A., 
Washington, D. C. ; Major L. T. W. Waller, Jr., U. S. M. C, Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; J. K. Ruebush, Dayton, Va. ; Mrs. James C. Perry, Wash- 
ington, D. C. ; A. N. Lewis, Harrisonburg, Va. ; E. B. Thomason, Rich- 
mond, Va. ; Dr. R. D. Garcin, Richmond, Va. ; Mrs. Laurence M. 
Miller, Baltimore, Md. ; James E. Caldwell, Nashville, Tenn. ; W. 
Frank Powers, Westhampton, Richmond, Va. ; James Poyntz Nelson, 
Richmond, Va. ; James R. Gordon, Richmond, Va. ; E. D. Hotchkiss, 
Richmond, Va. ; Henry E. Tresnon, Richmond, Va. ; Dudley McDon- 
ald, Richmond, Va. ; Charles W. Throckmorton, Richmond, Va. ; H. A. 
McCurdy, Richmond, Va. ; Thomas L. Moore, Richmond, Va. ; Ezra 
Humiston, Bosworth, Mo.; Mrs. James C. McDiarmid, Fayetteville, N. 
C. ; Leroy E. Brown, Richmond, Va. ; Judge Robert W. Winston, 
Raleigh, N. C. ; W. Kirk Mathews, Richmond, Va. ; Mrs. L. W. 
McVeigh, Richmond, Va. ; Tazewell 1 aylor, Norfolk. Va. ; Mrs. A. J. 
lli-rt. Louisville, Ky. ; John B. Newton, Roanoke, Va. ; Trist Wood, 
New Orleans, La.; C. R. Caldwell, Staunton, Va. ; Mrs. W. G. King, 
Dublin, Va. ; Mrs. Peachey Walker Bottom, Hobart, Okla. ; Mrs. M. F. 
Jones, Lawton, Okla.; Public Library, Roanoke, Va. ; John T. Wilson, 
Richmond, Va. ; Charles W. Tanner, Richmond, Va. ; Norman Call, 
Richmond, Va. 

■;, J 


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• * 







By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 


The Sandys family is connected with the Lovelaces of Bethersden 
through Anne Sandys the daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of 
York in the reign of Elizabeth, who married Sir William Barne of 
Woolwich. The latter's daughter Anne Barne about 1610 married Sir 
William Lovelace (1584-1627). The Sandys family is also of special 
interest to Virginians on account of the prominent part taken in estab- 
lishing that colony by two sons of Archbishop Sandys, Sir Edwin 
Sandys, the leading spirit in the Virginia Company, and George Sandys, 
the poet and colonial treasurer of Virginia, brothers of Lady Anne 
(Sandys) Barne, whose names are familiar to all students of colonial 

The family of Sandys, or Sandes, the Archbishop generally using 
the latter form, was anciently settled at St. Bees in Cumberland, as 
appears by a "certificate" given by Harvey, Clarencieux King of Arms, 
to Edwin Sandys, then bishop of Worcester, afterward Archbishop of 
York, and by him laid before the Privy Council in a dispute between 
him and Sir John Bourne, High Steward of the Church of Worcester. 
In the fifteenth century William Sandys of St. Bees came into Furnace 
Fells, Lancashire, and established there the line from which Arch- 
bishop Sandys sprung. 

The most complete account of the family is unquestionably to be 
found in A History of the Sandys Family written by Camley Vivian, 
and edited by the late Colonel Thomas Myles Sandys of Graythwaite 
Hall, Lancashire. This carefully compiled work of over three hundred 
pages, which is magnificently illustrated, was printed in 1907 for private 
circulation only, and is not to be found in American public libraries. 
The writer is indebted to Major George Owen Sandys of Graythwaite 


Hall, the son of the editor, Colonel Sandys, for a copy of this invaluable 
History. A very full chart pedigree of the Sandys family is also to be 
found in Joseph Foster's Pedigrees of Lancashire Families, 1873. Both 
of the above pedigrees draw freely upon an earlier pedigree in West's 
The Antiquities of Furness, 1774 (pp. 266-285), apparently based as 
regards the earlier lines, upon the "certificate" previously referred to. 
These pedigrees do not entirely correspond with each other or with 
the Sandys pedigrees in the Visitation of Cumberland 1615 (Harl. Soc. 
lviii, 17-21) and in Collins' Peerage (ed. 1812). The writer has made 
no attempt to verify the earlier portions of any of these pedigrees prior 
to William Sandys, father of the archbishop, but feels that an attempt 
should be made to do so by modern methods of research. The Vivian 
and Sandys History will in general be followed here. The only addi- 
tion of interest which the writer has been able to make, is in fixing 
more closely the date of death of William Sandys, father of the arch- 
bishop, about which statements widely varying have been previously 

The Sandys arms are : Or, on a fesse, dancettee, between three 
crosses bottonee pitchee gules. Crest : A griffin segreant per fesse or 
and gules. 

The first upon record is Richard del Sandys. He and Robert Mow- 
bray, Chevalier, in 1377 were returned as Knights of the Shire of Cum- 
berland and attended parliament at Westminster, for which they were 
allowed £28 for seventy days expenses. Thomas del Sandys and 
William de Stapleton in 1390 and in 1394 served in parliament as 
Knights of the Shire of Cumberland. The established line begins with : 

I. Robert 1 Sandes of Rattenby Castle in the parish of St. Bees, co. 
Cumberland in the time of Henry IV [1399-1413]. He had two sons 
(1) John Sandes 2 who succeeded his father at St. Bees, and (2) Wil- 
liam Sandes 2 of Furnace Fells, Lancashire — see II. 

II. William Sandes 2 (Robert 1 ), or John as he is said sometimes to- 
appear in ancient records, of Furnace Fells, who was succeeded by his 
son — see III. 

III. William Sandes 3 (Robert 1 , William 2 ). He was of Furnace 

Fells and married a daughter of Bonham or Bohun by whom he 

had issue (1) Margaret Sandes 4 married Richard Bray, Privy Coun- 
selor of Henry VI, (2) William Sandes 4 — see IV. 

IV. William Sandes 4 (Robert 1 , William 2 , William 3 ) of Furnace 
Fells. He married Margaret, daughter and coheiress of William Raw- 
son of Yorkshire, and cousin and heir to Thomas Rawlinson, Abbott of 
Furnace Abbey, who flourished between 1440 and 1460, by whom he had 
issue (1) George Sandys 5 of Furnace Fells — see V., (2) William 
Sandys 6 of Little Petenhow, or Petershaw, co. Surrey, whose issue 
are traced by Foster, (3) Oliver Sandys, d. s. p. 

V. George Sandys 5 (Robert 1 , William 2 , William 3 , William 4 ) of 
Furnace Fells. He was living in 1513. He married Margaret Curwen 


daughter of Garrat (or Gerard) of Turvey. He was succeeded 

by his son and heir William 6 — see VI. 

VI. William Sandys 6 (Robert 1 , William 2 , William^, William*, 
George 5 ). He supported Henry VIII in his policy toward the religious 
orders and was made Receiver General for the Liberties of Furnace. 
He lived in the parish of Hawkshead, Furnace Fells, on the edge of 
Esthwaite Water in the celebrated Lake District of England, where he 
owned among other estates, Esthwaite Hall, his principal residence, and 
Graythwaite Hall. Major George Owen Sandys, the present owner of 
Graythwaite Hall (1920), and a lineal descendant of Anthony Sandys 7 , 
a younger brother of the Archbishop, informs the writer that Gray- 
thwaite Hall was built in the reign of Edward IV (1461-1483), and 
has since then been continuously in the Sandys family. The house is now 
Elizabethan in style but has been twice partly rebuilt and refaced. The 
writer is indebted to Major Sandys for the photograph reproduced in 
the Magazine of Graythwaite as it exists today. In A History of the 
Sandys Family is to be found a description of the house and of the 
interesting family portraits which it contains. Major Sandys writes, 
that of Esthwaite Hall, the principal seat of the family until the end 
of the sixteenth century, nothing remains but the great hall, now the 
barn of Esthwaite Hall Farm. Some of the ancient oak panelling of 
the hall was found a year or two ago when the old corn cribs were 
being repaired. 

William Sandys 6 , father of the archbishop, married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of John Dixon of London by his wife Anne, daughter of Thomas 
Roos* of Witherslack, Westmorland, and of Dent, Yorkshire, who 
was lineally descended from Robert lord Roos and Isabel his wife, 
daughter of William, King of Scotland [1143-1214]. William Sandys 6 
apparently died in 1548. West who gives the date as 1558 in his 
Antiquities of Furnace is certainly incorrect, although this date is 
also given by Foster and others. Ayre, the editor of the Sermons of 
Archbishop Sandys (Parker Society; 1842; p. i.), who gives the date 
as 1546 or 1547, is more nearly correct. The writer has recently found 
a suit filed in the Duchy Court of Lancaster at the Easter term, 1549, 
against William and Christopher Sandys, sons of William Sandys, 
deceased, in regard to certain iron smithies in Furnace Fells, granted 
15 November 1537, by Henry VIII, jointly to William Sandys, the 
father, and a certain William Sawrey (Lancashire and Cheshire Record 
Society, xl; p. 88). As William Sandys's will is dated 23 April, 1546, 

* "Thomas Roos, son and heir of Robert Roos of Witherslack and 
Dent, who was the son and heir of Robert Roos, baron of Kendall ; and 
which said Roos was lineally descended from William lord Roos of Ham- 
lack, who died 10 Edward II., and was one of the competitors for the 
kingdom of Scotland, being- great grandson of Robert lord Roos and 
Isabel his wife, daughter of William, king of Scotland." This quotation 
from West's The Antiquities of Furnace 117 J t (pp. 268-9) is said to be 
taken from an old pedigree by Philipott, but no reference is given, and the 
writer has made no attempt to verify these statements. 


his death therefore took place between this date and Easter 1549. The 
date 1548 carved over the entrance to the Sandys Choir or Chapel in 
Hawkshead Church doubtless refers to the year of his death. The 
date of death of his wife Margaret who was living when he made his 
will is not known. 

William Sandys 6 and his wife Margaret "lie entombed in the Sandys 
Choir in the church of St. Michael's, at Hawkshead, under a table 
monument upon which is expressed in alto relievo the effigies in full 
proportion of the said William and Margaret, with their hands raised 
in a praying position. At the head and on the side are the Sandys 
arms between the initials E. S. showing a crescent for distinction." 
The letters "E. S." are the initials of the Archbishop, by whom the 
monument was erected. 

The will of William Sandys is not now to be found on record either 
in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, or in the local Archdeaconry 
Probate Court of Richmond, Yorkshire. West, however, quotes ex- 
tensively from a copy examined by him and then (about 1774) pre- 
served by the Sandys family of Graythwaite Hall. It was dated 23 
April, 1546, but the date of probate is not given. He leaves his "capital 
messuage Esthwaite Water" [Esthwaite Hall] to his son William ; and 
Graythwaite [Hall] to his son Christopher, with reversion in case of 
the latter's death to his son Myles. He leaves no land to his son 
Edwin, whom he refers to as being then Vicar of Haversham, and 
after speaking of him most affectionately requests "that he will do 
the best he can to see my last will and testament fulfilled, and good 
rule and loving order be had among his mother, brethren, and sisters". 
He also names his other children Anthony and Anne, and his grandson 
Roger, son of his son George, then deceased. 

Issue of William Sandys 6 (Robert 1 , William 2 , William 3 , William 4 , 
George 5 ) and his wife Margaret Diyon : 

1. George Sandys 7 of Graythwaite and Field Head in Hawkshead. 
Killed in battle on the field of Musselburgh, 10 September, 1547. 
Married Isabella and let issue, a son Roger. 

2. William Sandys 7 of Colton Hall and Conishead Priory. Bailiff 

of the Liberties of Furnace. Married 1st, Mabel , and 

2nd, Agnes Strickland, leaving issue by both wives. He is said to 
have died in 1558. See A History of the Sandys Family (p. 179). 

3. Edwin Sandys 7 . Born 1519; died 1588. Archbishop of York. 
Married and left issue — see VII. 

4. Christopher Sandys 7 of Killington, Westmoreland, and of Gray- 
thwaite, Lancashire, to which latter estate he removed about 1555. 
Buried 15 April, 1588, at Hawkshead church. Married Margaret 
(or Cecily) daughter of William Cams of Halton, Lancashire, by 
whom he left issue. 

■: ■ 

Knw i.\ Sandys, 
Archbishop of Ybr 


5. Myles Sandys 7 of Latimers, and Isthampstead, Bucks, and 
Brimpsfield, Gloucester. Of the Middle Temple, London. High 
Sheriff of Gloucester. Married Hester daughter of William Clif- 
ton. He left 4 sons, all of whom were knighted, and 2 daughters. 
Ancestor in the maternal line of the last Lord Sandys of the 
Vyne and of Mattisfont, temp. Charles I. His descendants are 
traced in A History of the Sandys Family. 

6. Anthony Sandys 7 of Esthwaite. Married Anne daughter of 
Robert Mann of Bullingbroke, Lincoln. Buried at Hawkshead, 13 
November, 1591. His descendant Major George Owen Sandys 
now occupies Esthwaite Hall, which has remained continuously 
in this branch of the family. His descendants are traced in A 
History of the Sandys Family. 

7. Anne Sandys 7 . Received a legacy under her father's will. Not 

VII. Edwin Sandys 7 (Robert 1 , William^ William 3 , William*, 
George 5 , William 6 ). Archbishop of York from 1577 to 1587. Edwin 
Sandys was born in the parish of Hawkshead, Furnace Fells, Lanca- 
shire, 1519, doubtless at Esthwaite Hall, his father's principal residence. 
He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge. He took orders 
and in 1547 became master of Catharine Hall. He held various ecclesi- 
astical positions, and was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cam- 
bridge when Edward VI died in 1553. He was deeply tinctured with 
the principles of the reformation and supported the cause of Lady 
Jane Gray. For refusing to proclaim Mary at Cambridge he was com- 
mitted to the Tower, July 25th, 1553, and a few weeks later removed to 
the Marshalsea, but was liberated and escaped to the continent in May, 
T 554, where he remained until the accession of Elizabeth in 1558. He 
then returned to England and immediately rose to great influence. He 
was made Bishop of Worcester, 21 December, 1559, and in 1570 was 
promoted to be Bishop of London. He was consecrated Archbishop of 
York, 8 March, 1576-7. It is said that Elizabeth seriously considered 
appointing him archbishop of Canterbury in 1583, and the fact that he 
was a married man alone prevented his elevation to the primacy. He 
died 10 July, 1588, and was buried in Southwell Minster, Nottingham- 
shire. Archbishop Sandys figures prominently in the ecclesiastical 
and political disputes of the period. The reader is referred for further 
details of his life to an excellent sketch of him in the Dictionary of 
National Biography (Vol. 1; 238), to the introduction by Ayre to The 
Sermons of Edwin Sandys, D. D. (Parker Society: 1842) and to A 
History of the Sandys Family. A dramatic account of an attempt to 
besmirch the moral character of the Archbishop and to extort black- 
mail from him while he was on a visit to Doncaster in 1581, elaborately 
planned by his old enemy Sir Robert Stapleton, in which the wife of 
the inn-keeper, Stapleton and the inn-keeper, figured, is to be found in 


Stry'e's Annals of the Reformation (Vol. iii ; part 1, pp. 142-158). 
Stapleton, who afterwards made a full confession of his part in the 
plot, was punished by a long confinement in the Tower and in the Fleet. 

Archbishop Sandys was married twice. By his first wife Mary 
Sandys, the daughter of William Sandys of Wadham, Essex, he had an 
only child James Sandys (Visitation of Cumberland, 1615 (Harl. So- 
ciety, vii, 17). This son died about 1555-1557 on the continent of the 
plague. His wife, whom he married about 1553, is said to have been 
a cousin; she died on the continent in 1558. 

By his second wife Cecily Wilsford* (or Wilford), the daughter of 
Thomas Wilsford of Hartridge in Cranbrook, Kent, and his second wife 
Rose Whetenhall, whom the archbishop married, 19 February, 1558-9, 
he had seven sons and two daughters. A brief synopsis of the pedigree 
of Wilsford of Cranbrook as given in the footnote seems of sufficient 
interest to present in this connection. A very full record of the births 
of Archbishop Sandys's children and a list of their sponsors is to be 
found in his own hanwdriting in the family Bible of the Archbishop still 
preserved at the Grammer School, Hawskhead, founded by the Arch- 
bishop, and reproduced in Brown's Genesis of the United States and 
in facsimile in A History of the Sandys Family. Several portraits and 
engravings of the Archbishop are in existence. The one reproduced 
here is from a painting in the National Portrait Gallery, London, of 
Archbishop Sandys and his wife Cecily Sandys. An excellent copy of 
this portrait in oil is to be found in the collection of Mr. Walter de C. 
Poultney of Baltimore. The will of Archbishop Sandys, a brief abstract 
of which follows, is an exceedingly lengthy document. The introduc- 
tion which is virtually a sermon of some thirteen hundred words, will 
be entirely omitted. This abstract and that of the will of his wife 
Cecily Sandys, probated in 1610, which is a much shorter document, 
have been made for the writer directly from the probate records. 

♦Family of Wilford (or Wilsford). The pedigree of the family of 
Wilsford of Hartridge in the parish of Cranbrook, Kent, is traced in 
Hasted's Kent (vii, 98-99), and in Berry's Geneaologies ; Kent (pp. 134- 
135.) The arms are: Gules a cheveron engrailed between three leopards' 
heads or. Crest : A leopard's head, per pale, or and gules. 

The line begins with : 

I. William Wilsford of an ancient family near Wilsford in co. Devon. 
Married Margaret daughter and co-heir of Walter Corneus, son and heir 
of Sir Walter Corneus, knight. He was succeeded by his son and heir: 

II. Robert Wilsford. He was succeeded by his son and heir : 

III. James Wilsford, alderman and sheriff of London 1499. Married 
Elizabeth daughter of John Betenham of Pluckley. Esq. His son was : 

IV. Thomas Wilsford of Hartridge in Cranbrook, Kent, Esq. Mar- 
ried 1st Elizabeth daughter of Walter Colepeper of Bedgebery, Esq., by 
whom he had issue two sons and eight daughters traced in the pedigree. 
Their eldest son Sir James Wilsford of Cranbrook, knight, married Joyce, 
daughter of John Barrett ; and their second son Francis Wilsford of Non- 
ington, Kent, knight, married Alice daughter and heir of William Sympson, 
vice-marshal of Calais. Thomas Wilsford married 2nd, Rose daughter of 
William Whetenhall of Beckham, Kent., Esq., by whom he had issue two 
children, viz : Sir Thomas Wilsford of Hedinge in the parish of Kingston, 
knight, married Mary only daughter and heir of Edward Poynings ; and 
Cecelia [Cecily] Wilsford, wife of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York. 
These pedigrees carry down the later lines, which for obvious reasons 
need not be given here. 

Cecily Wilford, 
Wife of Archbishop Sandys. 


The will of Edwin Sandys, archbishop of York, from which the 
following abstract is taken, was dated, 1 August 1587, and was pro- 
bated, 27 May 1590, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Drury, 
30). It will be noted that the testator signs himself Sandes. 

The will of Edwyne Sandes, minister of God's Holy Word, 
Archbishop of York, dated I st August 1587. 
Under powers given me by indentures made 4 June 18 Eliz., 
between myself of the one part, and Miles Sandes of Latti- 
mers, co. Bucks, esq., Francis Willforde, Edward Fenner 
and Robert Brigges, esq., I assign the issues of Curse- 
wolde alias Crudeswoode Park, co. Kent, to my wife 
Cicely for the residue of the term which the said Miles and 
the others had of the grant of Henry Leonard. 
If Elizabeth Norton, daughter of John Norton, late of 
Ripon, Yorks, esq. dec d , and George Sandes, my youngest 
son, marry together, I will have settled upon them the tene- 
ments which John Samonde, gent., and Anne, his wife, 
conveyed to Thomas Spencer and Thomas Porter; and the 
said Elizabeth shall be discharged of her wardship and 
marriage, which belongeth to me; and the said Elizabeth 
shall have ^300 at the age of 16. 

My wife shall have the bringing up of my children Thomas, 
Henry and George Sandes, so long as she continue a widow, 
she having for the same their portions and the annuity out 
of the manor of Umbersley. If she die or marry, their 
portions shall be submitted to Samuel and Edwyne Sandes, 
my sons. Whereas I have according to mine ability suffi- 
ciently preferred and advanced all my children, viz. both 
my daughters Margaret Awcher and Anne Barne by mar- 
riage, to my great charges, as also all my sons, viz. Sam- 
uell, Edwyne, Myles, Thomas, Henry and George, so as 
they ought not by the custom of this province of York to 
claim any their filial portions of my goods and chattels, I 
declare that my children shall hold themselves contented 
with their said preferments, and not challenge any reck- 
oning with my executrix; but I give to them each certain 
special remembrances, viz. to Samuell a bason and ewer 
of silver, double gift, the black armour of proof made for 
my own body, etc. ; to my daughter Margaret Awcher, one 
great salt of silver with a cover, etc. and 6 milch kine; to 
my younger daughter Anne Barne, one great salt of silver, 
double gilt, with a cover, a dozen silver spoons, and one 
ambling gelding fit for her own saddle. To my brothers 
Christopher and Anthony Sandes, iio apiece. To my ser- 
vant and kinsman David Sandes, one good gelding. Dr. 


Tobie Mathewe, Dean of Durham, and my son Edwin shall 
dispose of all my books of learning, save as are in Eng- 
lish, which I leave to my wife [to distribute] among my 
children, reserving to the said Edwyne such as Dr. Mathewe 
shall think fittest for his study. All the rest of my goods 
to my wife, whom I make my executrix; and Sir Christo- 
pher Wrey, Lord Chief Justice of England, Dr. Toby 
Mathewe, aforesaid, my brother Miles Sandes, Francis 
Palmes and my son Samuell Sandes, esq., my overseers. 
Witnesses : Richard Hudson, Anthony Higgin, Moyses 
Fowler, Jeames Cooke, Leonard Hutton, John Johnson, 
Robert Hall. 
Proved 22 May 1590 by the proctor of the executrix named. 

The will of Cicely Sandys, widow of Archbishop Sandys, undated, 
but with a codicil, dated, 17 January i6io[-ii], was probated, 12 Feb- 
ruary i6io[-ii] in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Wood, 15). 
The following is an abstract: 

The will of Cicely Sandys late wife of Edwin Sandys, 
Archbishop of York, deceased, [undated] 

I bequeath to each of my sons & sons in law a black cloak 
& to my daughter Barne & my daughters in law a black 
gown. To ten poor women a gown each. To the poor of 
Woodham Ferris, £10. To the mending of the highways 
there, £4. To my servant, Richard Hearde, £20. To my 
servant, Edward Butcher, 40 s. [Legacies to other ser- 
vants unnamed]. To my son's children that I have brought 
up, mourning cloth. To my son, Edwin Sandes, £100. 
To my third son, Miles Sandys, £100. To my fourth son, 
Thomas Sandys, £200. To my son, Henry Sandys, £200. 
To my son, George Sandes, £200, if he return into Eng- 
land. To my daughter, Dame Anne Barne, my scarlet bed, 
& the furniture thereunto belonging & £100, which I lent to 
her husband Sir William Barne & for which I have his 
bond, & £40, and to her daughter, Anne Barne, £100, 
towards her preferment in marriage. To my grandchild, 
Sir Anthony Aucher, a ring; to my godson Edwin Aucher 
£30, to my daughter's daughter, Margaret Aucher, £30 & 
a cabinet, a cup & my Geneva bible which my brother, 
Francis Willford gave me. To Elizabeth, now Dame 
Haman, the cabinet her father gave me & the Geneva bible 
with one clasp, & £10. To my daughter Barne & my daugh- 
ters in law, a ring each. To Sir Thomas Willford, the 
elder, a ring, he being my brother. 


Tomb of Cecily, Wife of Archbishop Sandys, 
Woodham Ferrars, Essex. 


Executor & Residuary legatee : — my eldest son, Sir Samuel 
Sandys, knt. 

Overseers: — my brother Sir Thomas Willford & my sons 
Sir Edwin & Sir Miles Sandys. 

I bequeath to little Bridget Sandys, who waits on my son 
Henry's daughter, iioo, on marriage. Signed : Cicely San- 
dys. Witnesses : — Daniell Lyndsell, Thomas Sandys, Rich- 
ard Hearde, Edward Bucherd, Charles Chadwicke. 
Proved: — 12 February i6io[-ii] by the executor. 
Codicil dated 17 January i6io[-ii] [follows the Probate 
Act in the Register]. I give my sons Thomas & Henry, 
iioo each more. To my daughter in law, Dame Katherine, 
wife of Sir Edwin Sandys, my silver tun with cover parcel 
gilt. To Mary Sandys, daughter of my son, Sir Samuel, 
my great silver porrenger. To her sister, Margaret Sandys, 
a silver salt double gilt. 
Witnesses: Char. Chadwicke, Edwyne Aucher. 

Issue of Archbishop Edwin Sandys 7 (Robert 1 , William 2 , William 3 , 
William 4 , George 5 , William 6 ) and his 1st wife, Mary Sandys. 

1. James Sandys 8 , a son who died in infancy on the continent of 
the plague, between 1554 and 1558. 

Issue of Archbishop Edwin Sandys 7 and his 2nd wife, Cecily Wilsford: 

2. Sir Samuel Sandys 8 , knight. Born 28 December, 1560. Sheriff 
of Worcestershire 16 James I [1618]. Member of Parliament 13 
[1615] and 18 [1620] James I. Member of the Virginia Com- 
pany. Died 18 August, 1623. Buried at Wickhamford, Wor- 
cester. Held manors in Worcestershire, Essex and Yorkshire. 
Married Mercy, daughter of Martin Culpeper. There is a mag- 
nificent monument to the memory of him and his wife in Wick- 
hamford church. He left issue 11 children. A daughter Mar- 
garet 9 married Sir Francis Wyatt, governor of Virginia. His 
descendants are traced in A History of the Sandys Family. 
From Samuel 8 was descended Samuel Sandys 13 , created baron 
Sandys of Ombersley in 1743. 

3. Sir Edwin Sandys 8 , knight, statesman and colonist. The part 
played by this remarkable man not only in the establishment of 
Virginia but in the development of representative government 
both in the American colonies and in England, is now uni- 
versally recognized. To him we owe the calling together of the 
first legislative assembly held in the colonies, which met at 
Jamestown in 1619, and planted in Virginia the seeds of political 
independence which came to fruition a century and a half later 
in the Revolution. 

Edwin Sandys was born December 9, 1561. He was entered 
at the Merchant Taylors' School in 1571, and was admitted as 


a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, under Richard 
Hooker, September, 1577, received his B. A. October 16, 1579, 
and became a probationer fellow January 23, 1580. He was made 
by his father a collated prebend of Witwang in the Cathedral of 
York, March 17, 1582, although he never took orders, holding 
the position until May, 1602, when he resigned to take part in 
active political life. He was entered in the Middle Temple 1589. 
He had entered parliament from Andover in 1586, and repre- 
sented Plympton in 1588-1589 and again in 1592-1593. He trav- 
elled extensively abroad from 1593 to 1599, and while in Paris 
in 1599 he wrote his Europae Speculum. This book was not 
printed, however, until 1605, when an unauthorized edition, under 
the title "A Relation of the State of Religion in Europe", ap- 
peared in London from a stolen copy of the manuscript. Sandys 
succeeded in having this pirated edition suppressed and the "books 
were burned in St. Paul's Church yard by order of the High 
Commission". It was republished at the Hague under the orig- 
inal title in 1629. He returned to England in 1599 and shortly 
afterwards entered the service of King James in Scotland, and 
came with him to England when he succeeded Elizabeth in 1603. 
He was knighted by James at Charterhouse May n, 1603, and 
"was afterwards employed by his majesty in several affairs of 
great trust and importance". In 1604 he represented Stockbridge 
in James's first parliament and showed his interest in progressive 
measures by his opposition to the great trading companies and 
monopolies, and also by his endeavors to secure for all pris- 
oners the right to employ counsel in their defense. 

Sandy's interest in colonization apparently dates from the 
organization in 1606 of the first London Company, or as it after- 
wards came to be called the Virginia Company, and he became 
March 9, 1607, a member of the Council of Virginia of this 
Company. He was' reelected to the council again, May 23, 1609. 
His influence in parliament steadily increased, and "July 3, 1607, 
on motion of Sir Edwin Sandys, a member of great authority, 
the House of Commons entered for the first time an order for 
the regular keeping of their Journals". Sir Matthew Hale 
couples together the names of Sir Francis Bacon and Sir Edwin 
Sandys and states that these "two men of the greatest parts and 
knowledge in England" drew up a remonstrance against the 
king's conduct against the parliament during the session of 
1604-1611. Sandys from this time began to drift away from 
the court party. Probably to prevent his deserting to the oppo- 
sition or country party, the king is said to have granted to him, 
March 12, 1614, a moiety of the manor of Northbourne and other 
manors in Kent, although his will refers to his purchase of 
Northbourne from James. He represented both Rochester and 

Sir Edwin Sandys. 


Hinton in parliament in 1614. Although professing loyalty to 
the king, Sandys openly opposed James' conception of absolutism, 
and formulated the doctrine which later became the great Whig 
dogma, that the origin of monarchy lay in election, and that the 
duties of the sovereign and his subjects were reciprocal; that 
the people gave its consent to the king's authority upon the 
express understanding that there were certain reciprocal condi- 
tions which neither king nor people could violate with impunity, 
and that a king who pretended to rule by any other title such 
as conquest might be dethroned by any force sufficient to over- 
throw him. James was incensed and Sandys was summoned 
before the privy council upon the dissolution of parliament, 
June 17, 1614, and gave bond not to leave London without per- 
mission, but the case was not pressed. 

James did not call together parliament between 1614 and 1621, 
and during this period Sandys seems to have devoted himself 
largely to Virginia and other colonial enterprises. He had be- 
come a member of the East India Company prior to 1614, a "free 
brother" March 31, 1618, and served on its committee from 1619 
to 1623, and again from 1625 to 1629. He joined the Somers 
Island, or Bermudas Company, June 29, 1615. This latter com- 
pany was later merged with the Virginia Company, and the 
Sandys tribe of Bermuda derived its name from him. 

Sandys's absorbing colonial interest, however, was in Virginia 
affairs. Factions had begun to develop in the Virginia Com- 
pany, and in 1617 Sir Thomas Smythe, one of the "merchant 
princes" of London, and the treasurer or chief executive officer 
of the Company, turned over the active management of its af- 
fairs to Sandys. "In regard to Sir Thomas Smythe's sickness 
and other imployments Sir Edwin was chosen as his assistant in 
the management of the affairs of the Virginia Company and 
he did in a manner wholie supplie Smythe's place" from early in 
1617 to April 24, 1619. It was at this time that the Leyden 
Puritans sent messengers to consult with Sandys in regard to 
their settling in Virginia and their correspondence as found in 
Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-164/ (pp. 70-76) 
shows how well disposed and sympathetic Sandys was towards 
them and their plans. The feud between the Earl of Warwick 
and Sir Thomas Smythe resulted in Sandys's almost unanimous 
election as treasurer or head of the Virginia Company, April 28, 
1619, as the successor of Smythe. Under Sandys's wise adminis- 
tration of the Virginia Company, the struggling colony now began 
really to prosper, but he was convinced that its ultimate success 
depended upon the grant to the colonists of a large measure of 
self government. Under his direction in May 1619 a committee 
of the Company drew up a form of government for the colony. 


Governor Yeardley was thereupon directed by Sandys to issue 
writs for the election of a general assembly, and July 30, 1619, 
there met at Jamestown the first representative legislative body 
ever assembled in America. This same year Sandys made an 
unsuccessful attempt to found a missionary college in Virginia. 

The king, who had been greatly displeased by the independent 
tendencies exhibited by parliament, refused to call it together 
between 1614 and 1621. During this period the meetings of the 
large and powerful Virginia Company, to which upwards of a 
hundred members of parliament belonged, and most of whom 
were opposed to the court party, served as a sort of "open 
forum" for the discussion of questions of general political interest, 
and Sandys was looked upon by the king as the leader of the 
opposition and his greatest enemy. When the time for the an- 
nual election of the treasurer or administrative head of the com- 
pany for 1620 approached, James is reported to have said "choose 
the Devil if you will but not Sir Edwin Sandys". The annual 
meeting was held June 28, 1620, and notwithstanding this warn- 
ing, a large majority of the members were about to proceed 
with the reelection of Sandys, when suddenly a messenger from 
the king arrived and informed the meeting that the king posi- 
tively forbade Sandys's election, but wished to suggest four 
names, all of the old Sir Thomas Smythe faction now opposed 
to Sandys, from which it was his pleasure that they should elect 
a treasurer. The meeting was at once thrown into a turmoil at 
this violation of their charter rights, and would doubtless have 
ignored the king's orders, had not Sandys requested that his 
name be withdrawn. The name of the Earl of Southampton, a 
warm friend of Sandys, was then proposed and he was elected 
by an overwhelming majority over the king's nominees. The 
king was furious and determined when the opportunity presented 
itself to destroy the Virginia Company and take the government 
of the colony into his hands, and thus avenge himself upon 
Sandys and his friends, who still controlled the policies of the 

Sandys and John Selden in February, 162 1, prepared a new 
charter for the Company which was never adopted however. 
Sandys was elected to the 1621-1622 parliament from Sandwich, 
succeeding Sir Thomas Smythe. He was very active in this 
parliament and as leader of the country or popular party in its 
opposition to the policies of the court party, he further exas- 
perated the king. During a short recess, he, the Earl of South- 
ampton and Selden were arrested ; Sandys was imprisoned in the 
Tower from June 21 to July 21, 1621, when he was released, 
owing, it is said, to widespread public resentment. The cause 
of his arrest was not made public, but it was generally believed 


to be a warning from the king to cease his opposition to the 
latter's policies, rather than on account of various Virginia mat- 
ters, which the court party intimated. It was said that it was 
because Sandys "was opposed to monarchial government in gen- 
eral ; had moved the Archbishop of Canterbury to give leave to 
the Brownists and Separatists to go to Virginia, and designed to 
make a free popular state there, and himself and his assured 
friends to be leaders". In 1623 a certain unscrupulous Nathaniel 
Butler published a pamphlet in which he brought various un- 
founded charges against the colonial administrations of the Com- 
pany in Virginia. Although it was at once shown that the 
conditions complained of had existed under a former administra- 
tion when Smythe was treasurer of the Company and Argell 
governor of the colony, and that these had been long since cor- 
rected by Sandys, it gave the king his long awaited opportunity 
for revenge. In October, 1623, James brought suit against the 
Company to annul its charter, and notwithstanding its resistance 
in the courts and in parliament, and the vehement protests of 
the Virginia burgesses who were more than satisfied with the 
conditions then existing in the colony, a subservient court de- 
clared the charter of the Virginia Company null and void, July 
24, 1624, and Virginia became henceforth a royal colony. 

Sandys from this time ceases to be a factor in Virginia affairs, 
although maintaining an interest in the East Indian Company 
until his death. He continued in parliament, however, repre- 
senting Kent in the session of 1624, and Penryn in 1625 and 1626. 
He died in October, 1629, and was buried at Northbourne church 
where there is a monument to his memory. Northbourne Court 
where he lived was built upon the site of an old monastery. 
Of the mansion nothing now remains except some picturesque 
ruins and the old terraced gardens. Sir Edwin Sandys was a 
man of varied interests and wide culture. Richard Hooker is 
said to have submitted his celebrated Ecclesiastical Polity to him 
for criticism and suggestion before its publication. Sandys in 
his will left £1500 to Oxford to found a lectureship on "Meta- 
physic Philosophic" and £1000 to Cambridge for the like pur- 
pose. His religious views as found in his Europae Speculum 
show him to have been singularly broad minded and tolerant. 

Sketches of Sir Edwin Sandys's are to be found in Brown's 
Genesis of the United States (pp. 992-4) and in the Dictionary 
of National Biography (1. 286-290). His descendants are traced 
in A History of the Sandys Family and in Foster's Lancashire 

Sir Edwin Sandys 8 married four times. By his first wife 
Margaret, daughter of John Everleigh of Devan, he had a daugh- 


i. Margaret Sandys 9 ; married Sir Thomas Wilsford. 

By his second wife Anne, daughter of Thomas Southcoat, he 
left no issue. 

By his third wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Nevinson of 
Eastry, Kent, he had a daughter : 

ii. Anne Sandys 9 ; not traced. 

By his fourth wife Catherine, daughter of Sir Richard Bulke- 
ley, he had seven sons and five daughters, viz : 

iii. Henry Sandys 9 (1605-1640) of Northbourne Court; mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir William Hammond, died without 
issue, Northbourne passing to his brother Edwin. 

iv. Edwin Sandys 9 of Northbourne Court; a colonel in the 
Parliamentary army ; killed at the battle of Powyck, 1642 ; mar- 
ried Catherine Champeney and had issue five children; the 
baronets Sandys of Northbourne are his descendants. 

v. Richard Sandys 9 of Downe Hall, Kent, a colonel in the 
Parliamentary army, died 1669 ; married Hester Aucher and had 
issue six sons and four daughters. 

vi. Robert Sandys 9 . Living 1629. Not traced. 

vii. William Sandys 9 . Apparently died before 1629, as he is 
not named in his father's will. 

viii. Thomas Sandys 9 . Living 1629. He is referred to as Sir 
Thomas Sandys, knight, by Foster, but he does not appear in 
Shaw's Knights of England. 

ix. Francis Sandys 9 . Apparently died before 1629. 

x. Penelope Sandys 9 . Married ante 1643 Nicholas Lechmere, 
esq. of Hanley, Worcs., baron of the Exchequer. 

xi. Elizabeth Sandys 9 . Living in 1629. 

xii. Frances Sandys 9 . Living 1629. 

xiii. Catherine Sandys 9 . Married Gerard Scrimshire of 
Aquelate, Staffordshire. 

xiv. Mary Sandys 9 . Died 26 Oct. 1675. Married Richard, 
3d son of Robert, Lord Spencer, later Duke of Marlborough. 

The will of Sir Edwin Sandys, of which the following is an 
abstract, dated 20 August 1629, was probated 31 October, 1629, in 
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Ridley, 64). 

Sir Edwin Sandis of Northborne, in co. Kent, Knt. 
For the more speedy paying of my debts wherein I com- 
prise the redeeming of my land at Stonham now in mort- 
gage to Mr. James Dorville I desire my whole es- 
tate be kept "intirelie united"' until the year 1633 and then 
my wife Dame Katharin Sandis to enjoy, as her jointure 
during her life, my house and lands of Bishoppbarne 
alias Bishoplathes, commonly called Bishop feildes neer 
a the walles of the City of Yorke, which I purchased of 





I £ 

o a 

i $ 

W 3 


Queen Elizabeth; and my Mansion house at Northborne, 
in co. Kent, with all the lands belonging, parcel of 
the Manor of Northborne the inheritance whereof I pur- 
chased of King James, also my capital messuage with all 
the lands belonging called Stonham farme neer Dartford in 
said co., (being redeemed out of mortgage, which I pur- 
chased of my brother Sir Miles Sandis and hee of Queen 
Elizabeth, also my Marshland in Bilchington in said co. 
After the decease of my said wife, to my eldest sonne 
Henry Sandis and his heirs male. In default of issue, 
then to my second sonne Edwin Sandys and his heirs male : 
In default of issue to my third sonne Richard Sandis and 
his heirs male: In default of issue, to my fourth sonne 
Robert Sandis and his heirs male: In default of issue to 
my fifth sonne Thomas Sandis and his heirs male. In de- 
fault of issue to my right heirs for ever. 
To my said Wife Dame Katharine, the lease of my house 
within Aldersgate. 

To my three daughters, Francis Sandis, Elizabeth Sandis 
& Penelope Sandis, these portions vizt, to Francis, £500 
which I have lately adventured and payd to the East India 
Company for the first Persian voiage with the whole proceed 
thereof; to Elizabeth, £500 which I have subscribed to ad- 
venture in the second voyage ; and to Penelope £500 to be 
adventured for her in the third voyage. 
Concerning my other leases in the co. of Yorke vizt., the 
lease of the prebend of Westwang and of Wildon grange 
and of the rectorie and tieth corne of Felkirke, held of the 
Archbishop of York, my will is the profits of the same be 
allowed for the maintenance and education of my fower 
younger sonnes at the rate of £40 a years each; and out 
of the remainder of the profits, £1,500 to be employed in 
purchase of land to be conveyed to the University of 
Oxford for the raising of an annual stipend for a lecture 
of Metaphisic Philosophic Also £1,000 for the purchase 
of land to be assured to the University of Cambridge for 
the raising of a stipend for a like lecture, "which lecture 
my desire is may bear the name of my freind Francis 
Mecham esquire, deceased." 

To my sonne Henry Sandis, and his heirs male, my 
5 shares of land in Sandys Tribe in the Summer Hands 
and the other 5 shares in Smiths Tribe in the said Hands, 
which I purchased of the widow and executrix of George 
Barkeley of London, merchant in the name of my frend 
Mr. John Ferrar, late of London, merchant. Residuary 
Legatee and Executrix: my wife Dame Katharine Sandys, 
in the event of death, then my sonne Henry Sandys esq., 


and my freind Mr. Nicholas Ferrar, now or late of London, 
gentleman, to be executors. 

Overseers : Sir Robert Naunton, my ancient freind, master 
of the Wards and Liveries, my sonne in law, Richard 
Spencer, esq., my sonne in law Sir Thomas Wilsford, Knt. 
my freinds Mr. Thomas Keightley of London, Merchant, 
Mr. Gabriel Barbor, Esq., Mr. John Ferrar, late of London, 
Merchant and Mr. Richard Casewell, citizen of London 
and to each of them a ring of 40 s. 

To my bretheren and sister, to my wife's brother and sis- 
ters, to my sonne in law, Gerard Skrymsher [Scrimshire], 
to my daughter in law Margaret Sandis, my brother in law, 
James Evelegh, a gold ring of 20 s. each. To Richard 
Facie, teacher of my children 40 markes. 
Gerrard Skrymshire, Katherine Skrimshire, Frances Sandis, 
Elizabeth Sandis, Edwin Sandys, Richard Sands, Robert 
Sandis, Thomas Sandis, Richard Facie, Henry Thackham, 
Owen Meredith, Elizabeth Lawes : Witnesses. 
Proved 31 Oct. 1629 by the sole Executrix named. 

4. Sir Myles Sandys 8 , knight, of Wimberton, Isle of Ely. Born 
29 March, 1563. Knighted 11 May, 1603. Created a baronet 25 
November, 1612. Married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Cooke 
of North Gray, Kent. Member of parliament from the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge 12 James I [1614], and from Worcester 3 
Charles I [1627]. Died 1644. Left issue. The baronetcy be- 
came extinct in 1644. See A History of the Sandys Family for 
his descendants. 

5. William Sandys 8 of London. Born 13 September, 1565. Died 

6. Margaret Sandys 8 . Born 22 December, 1566. Married Sir 
Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, who was a brother of Eliza- 
beth Aucher, wife of Sir William Lovelace, the elder (see ante 
xxviii ; 380) . They had a daughter Elizabeth Aucher who mar- 
ried Sir William Hamour of St. Albans Court, Kent. 

7. Thomas Sandys 8 of London. Born 3 December, 1568. Member 
of the Virginia Company. Left numerous issue. 

VIII. 8. Anne Sandys 8 . Born 21 June, 1570. "vii, Anne Sandes 
was born on June 21 at eight of the clock on the morning, 1570. 
Her godfather, John Packington, Esq. ; her godmothers Mrs. 
Anne Washbourne, Mrs. Anne Colles." Married about 1586 
Sir William Barne, knight, of Woolwich, Kent, by whom she 
had issue seven children, the youngest of whom, Anne Barne, 
married 1st, Sir William Lovelace (1584-1627), the younger, 
and 2nd, Dr. Jonathan Browne, D. D., leaving issue by both 
husbands. She was the ancestress of the Lovelace family traced 

(iKokck Sandys 


in this magazine — see Lovelace — Va. Mag. xxvii-xxviii ; for 
further details. 

9. Henry Sandys 8 . Born 30 December, 1572. Not traced. 

10. George Sandys 8 . Poet, colonist and traveller. Born 2 March, 
1577- Of Carswell, Oxfordshire. He studied at St. Mary's Hall, 
Oxford. His travels, which began in 1610, extended to France, 
Italy, Turkey, Egypt, Cyprus and the Holy Land. A narrative 
of these travels under the title The Relation of a Journey begun 
An. Dom. 1610, was published in 1615 and attained much popu- 
larity. He took a great interest in colonization, and in April, 
1621, became colonial treasurer of the Virginia Company, accom- 
panying Sir Francis Wyatt the new governor, who had married 
his niece Margaret, daughter of Sir Samuel Sandys, to Virginia 
in that year. Sandys was appointed a member of the Council 
of Virginia in 1624 and again in 1626 and 1628. He probably 
remained in Virginia until 1631, or possibly later. While in 
Virginia he completed his translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, 
the earliest English poetry written on the American continent. 
After his return to England he published in 1636 his Paraphrase 
upon the Psalms and Hymns; in 1640 his translation of Christ's 
Passion from the Latin of Grotius; and in 1641 his Paraphrase 
of the Song of Psalms. His verse is of a high order. In char- 
acter he was exemplary. He died unmarried, although his 
father's will shows that a certain Elizabeth Norton had been 
chosen when he was still a child of nine for his wife. He was 
buried at Bexley, Kent, in 1643. A very full sketch of George 
Sandys's life is to be found in the Dictionary of National Biogra- 
phy (1; 290-3), and in the introduction to his Poetical Works 
in two volumes edited in 1872 by Richard Hooper. His connec- 
tion with Virginia is fully detailed in Brown's Genesis (p. 994). 



Gawin Corbin, 4th son of Thomas Corbin, of Hall End, was a mer- 
chant in London and did an extensive trade with Virginia. On 
December 5th, 1666, Gawin Corbin and Company of London submitted 
a petition to the Privy Council, reciting that they had built the ship 
Virginia Berkeley, of 80 tons, in Virginia, had sent her over to Eng- 
land to be made fitter for service, and that she was to return to Vir- 
ginia again with the commodities and necessities for building and 
beautifying a church there, that her master and sailors were all Vir- 
ginians, and they asked a pass allowing her an indefinite stay there. 
The petition was granted. 


The church was, doubtless, Christ Church, Middlesex, the parish of 
which Gawin Corbin's brother Henry was a vestryman. 

Gawin Corbin was for a number of years financial agent for Vir- 
ginia in England, and in 1678 was Deputy Treasurer. In 1684 Gawin 
Corbin, of Grace Church Street, London, and his son-in-law, Roger 
Borough, were merchants and partners. In 1692 he was still agent 
for Virginia. He married Grace Smith, of Derby, and died Feb. 25th, 
1709, at Yelverton, Norfolk. 

The following letters from Gawin Corbin are among Lord Beau- 
champ's family papers. They contain frequent references to Henry 
Corbin of Virginia and to Virginia affairs. 

Gawen Corbin to Thomas Corbin. 

22 April 1676. 
Good Brother, 

I had y rs of the receipt of ye writeings & order for paiement of 
Twenty pounds to ye order of Co.* Prescott wch was accordingly paid 
& a discharge taken according to direction, but have not as yet bin abt. 
ye other affaire at Walingford House nor indeed much out of my owne 
since ye fateall Newse of my Bro'st death came to my knowledge, w ch 
would have bin much more surprising had not Mr. Secretary ordered 
it as hee did, w ch I must ever owne as an acte of kindness in him as 
well as his great Concernance for ye Loss of my Deare brother, indeed 
I Receive no Letters but renew my grife as pashionatly they express 
ther resentment, by wch I find y 1 the Countdy in Generall as well as 
particular Relations are alredy sensible of ye want of him, how much 
more do you think then am I who have not only Lost a bro. but so good 
a friend. I alwaies made my Concerene as his owne, on w ch account 
I am now like to be ye greater sufferer by guiving a Larger Creditt 
then in prudence I ought to have done fforgetting y 1 hee was mortall. 
The Christian like end he made the Coppy of my sisters Letter will 
in forme you w ch I heare Inclose together w th a Coppy of his will by 
w ch you will find the trust hee have reposed in us & it must now bee 
our care, as it was his, to so gett an estate, y fc wee improve it all we 
can for his children, in order to w ch must make it my business to gett 
in moneys as fast as I can y 1 ye somme hee mentions may bee put out 
to interest in good hands w ch is hard to find in ye Citty as now ye 
case stands & therefore I conceave Land security would bee most 
acceptable to ye Guardians, & I think if you are willing wee need looke 
noe further then your selfe, for to my shallow apprehention you could 
not doe better then to take ye money and cleere ye estate or marry co. 
Peg w th it, but if you are not for yt I am sure you had much better 
owe it to one then many espeachally Considering no part of ye prin- 
ciple will be paieable tell y 4 come of age or mary w ch I presume will 
not bee sudaine as ye affairs of Virginia now stand, w ch being pt. of 

• Tn those letters 'To." ovidontiv means "cousin". 

t Henry Corbin. of Virginia. The use of the word "resentment" might 
moan that Henry Corbin was killed by the Indians. 


ye Continent w th New England share its fate as to Wars w th ye In- 
dians, who have of late Committed so many outrages, & y l day my 
bro. was buried they tooke away kild abt. 40 persons out of ye head 
of Rappa River, since w ch my Sisters Last Letter mentions they at- 
temptd her plantation in those parts, through providence escaped ther 
fury, for y* time. But ther feares are still such yt many have quitt 
ther Dwellings & more must if some speedy care bee not taken both 
ther & heere wherby to supply y m w th Men and Amunition, w ch 
surely ye King & Counsell will if moved by ye agents as it will if our 
next Letters bring us not much better results, w ch I am daly in ex- 
pectations of my Concerne being much greater then ever yet doubt not 
but to do reasonable well if care bee taken to quiatt ye natives as I 
judge now noe way is Left but by downe right strength, in order to 
w ch some write y l the assembly was to meete ye 7 March & its belevid 
it will then bee Judged ye best expedient y* no Tobacco shall be planted 
this yeare, wherby they will make it ther whole business next to plant- 
ing Corne to foarse ye natives to a peace or utterly to destroy y m as 
far as they can. 

I find yet this Comfort amids my trouble y l severall of my Corre- 
spondents have consignd Tobacco & more will but noe one but writes 
it must Lie by in hopes of a great rise in case ther bee no plantings, 
so y* I must necessarily bee foarsd to take up much money in case I 
pay in my brothers in a small time w ch I beleive is not expected neither 
can I afford Longer to pay interest then I have just occation for ye 
Money, & if you approve of w l I hinted to you abt. takeing ye Money 
then pray write when you Judge it most Convenient to have it pre- 
suming you must give those you deale w th timely nottice ere you pay 
y rs in, had I ye freedome of selling now at a Markett price could pay 
in ye moneys sooner then now I can w th out some inconvenience to my 
selfe, w ch I will raither undergoe then they shall suffer & ther fine 
shall make proluvison [provision?] as you & ye Rest concerned heere, 
being only Mr. Secreaty Coll. Smyth, shall thinke fitt ; my bro. Bag- 
shaw is not yet come to Towne but writt mee he have a dependence on 
me for ye Remainder of ye 140 1. w ch I shall take care to pay & Receave 
our dues of our Merchentts as soone as I can bring y m to it ther write- 
ings being now come up : have nothing as yet of S r Rowlands Money but 
hope to gett in ere long: you will now receave y r phisike together w th 
a Letter from ye Doctor, who is a person y fc my sister & family have 
reed, much benefitt by, & I hope you will do ye like, & I pray follow 
ye Doctors Directions & bee Carefull of y r health, w ch I shall ye more 
now doe, wee being now so few & so many y* Depends on our welfare. 
My wife joyns her Respects w th mine and are yet likely to guive you 
a visett, but it will bee Late if att all. God kepe you & vouchife (?) 
his providence to us. I am 

y r affectionate Brother 

Gawen Corbin. 

Apl. 22 76. 


[on margin of first page] I have not as yet shewd ye will to Coll. 
Smyth or y r Secretary, but I find hee have left his wife well, though 
no money butt ye halfe of this years Crops, w ch may prove very Con- 

[Endorsed :] 

ffor Mr. Thomas Corbin 
att Hallend in Warwickshire 
w th a box. 

Gawen Corbin to Thomas Corbin. 

23 May 1676. 
Good Brother, 

I have not tell lately had opportunity of Discoursing w th Mr. Secre- 
tary, who with my selfe returne you thankes for y r reitterated invi- 
tation but I thinke neither of our occations will permitt us to give 
you a vissett this Summer, nor do I thinke Sister Okeover will. Be- 
fore the receipt of y rs (w ch I had sooner answerd had you bin at home) 
could not imagiane but y* the haveing of so much Moneys so long a 
time & at reasonable interest could not butt have suited y r occations 
as much ye satisfaction of my Sister & ye Rest of the Trustees, would 
you have taken it & given Land security w ch is only y 1 in these tirble 
times will please, & therfore sinve ye trustees are not Concerned for 
ought in England & y t its wholly left to our care pray well consider ere 
you refusse & thin wheather the Mortgage ye scriveners have of Co. 
Reppington bee such y t you will Lend ye Money upon it at his time, 
w ch I thinke may bee given him not hearing yt ye match is Like now 
to goe on w th Co. Lettice; & when I Receave y r answer & his Certaine 
time of paiement, w ch I thinke you wrote was Michaelmas, shall make 
provission for ye Money accordingly, & as fast as I can bee getting up 
ye Rest, w ch to doe will something straighten mee haveing never soe 
much owing mee in Virga. as now, soe y* to pay ye whole some 
ordered by will, w ch I thinke is 2500 1., will necessitate mee to not only 
to press upon those y 1 are owing mee Moneys in way of trade, but 
allso w* I have out on ye other Stoare of w ch y rs might make a parte, 
haveing paid, as I before writt you, the 140 li. to bro. Bagshaw & heare 
send you the bond as I shall ere long ye accompt; & then if you thinke 
fitt either to Change ye security for y* or a quarter Summe on ye 
Childrens accompt, I shall pay in the Moneys in some Reasonable time 
after I have y r answer, as I presume you will expect brother Bag- 
shaw abt. Mr. Dickins Concerne, of w ch I informed him, & his senti- 
ments are much ye same w th ours yt according to rigour you might be 


severe w th him but in equity he ought to have his proportion, w ch I 
judge can be no more then w* I ame to receave proportionable, my 
Debt being made oath to as well as his, though somthing shorte of 
400 li: as realy it was, but I think ye oath hee tooke of it was not 
moore then 337 li : od moneys, & after y t proportion ye whole Cargoe 
amounted not to a 1000 1. but w* ever it was ther will not bee above 
740 li : charges Deducted to devide, of w ch ther will bee upwds. of two 
hundred pounds twext you & I to devide towards w* my brother 
George ought us, w ch bee yet much more then w* bee now owing to 
my bro. Harry. 

If I bee not much out in my Computation w ch I Calculate thus, our 
principle paid was 1000 1. & the Interest of y rs for abt. 7 years coming 
too upwds of 400 li: towards wee have reed, according to ye acct. 
sent you upwds. of 500 1. & w* wee shall now Devide will make it up 
abt. 800 1. in ye whole, so y s wee may reckon wee shall bee Loosers 
on ye acct. of ye 1000 1. abt. 300 1. a pece, but of much more on ye 
whole betwext him & mee. I have reed, of our merchants 860 li. & 
have gott good security for ye remainder giveing BO* for w ch would 
feine have got Interest but it would not bee, have also this weeke 
Smyth's money w ch is all wee are now like to have unless ought bee 
gott more on acct. of bringing those severall other Debtors &c, on 
ther oaths, of w ch shall give you an acct. this terme when Etheridge 
will be heere, & hee was pressing for his money yet behind beeing 
abt. 16 1. as he makes it, w ch I Remember was ye soome Geo. owed him 
when he faild, & Considering how Lamely hee have managed our af- 
faire & w* moneys hee have had hee may well abt. [abate] all or good 
pt. of it, to w ch end if you thinke fitt you may write mee something 
to shew him in particularly mention his ill-manigery of our business 
& willfull omission in not suppening the boy w ch y* hee did not I 
believe was greatly to our prejudice, & when I have ended w th him 
shall draw up an acct. of ye whole Charge, of w ch if you have allowed 
more then ye proportion as I judge you have it might bee allowed & 
Mr. Dickins charged w th w* hee is Shorte : have not had Leisure of 
late, ye sniping coming in so fast, to see after ye Concerne at Waling- 
ford house w ch I shall now sudenly do & give you an acct. of it, as I 
pray do me whether I might pay Sister Okert, her disbursements being 
as shee saith abt. 14 1. when you have fully considered y r owne In- 
trest as to takeing or refusing ye Money I pray bee Drawing up a 
joynt Letter for us to send my Sister as touching our Dissposse of ye 
Money & abt. the Children when ye times Comes for ye sending over: 
would have paid Co. Ludford his Disbursements for makeing y r God- 
daughter a Xtian, but hee would have it of you in ye Countrey where 
I hope our hopefull sister may bee, haveing quited her Lodging but 
not paid for it as the party saith but have left some small trifells w ch 
shee fears shee will never fetch: should have inlarged would either 

* Bond. t Okeover. 


paper or Co. Ludford's business given Leave, who longs to bee in ye 
Countrey as I also do & may yet see you, but it will bee late in ye 
yeare if at all. 

I am y r affect, bro. Ga: Corbin. 

[P. S.] I have paid Sister Geo. w fc you ordered & Tom is once more 
placed out in so hopefull a way y t hee can not well miscarry or bee 
further troublesome to freinds unless hee prove strangly remiss in 
business. May 23 : 1676. 

I pray give mee y r thoughts in w 1 time it may be expected I should 
pay in the money, & if I pay it in as opportunity offer of good Land 
security I presume I have noe reason to allow Interest if it bee w th in 
the years, but as to this I shall abide by w* the Trustees thinke equi- 
table, nor is wt I now offer I thinke unresonable ye somme being Con- 
siderable : even now I had notice from Mr. Beresford, whome our 
hopefull pro. acquainted of his misfortune of being now under an 
arest, & so hee is like to Continue for mee, if Sister Oker* will not 
Contribute somethings towrds. his present inlargment, & wt will doe 
it can not yet tell but should hee lie long presume so many actions will 

be brought yt hee have taken up his Lodging for a longer time then 

he or his h ate done, & though I have mett w th many & greate 

Losses yet the Continued trouble I mett w th in this kind will soone 
make mee wearey of my habitatio nor make mee resolve not to Con- 
cerne my selfe for ye fewture be ther condition wt it will, & after ye 
great Losse I have had & my late one more then all, its high time 
for me to beginne to thinke yt Charity begins at homme. 

I heare Capt. Beresford have baild the party out upon w 1 amounte 
know not. 
Endorsed : 


ffor Tho. Corbin Esq 1 " at 

Hallend in Warwicke 

shire present. 

Gavven Corbin to Thomas Corbin. 

5 June, 1676. 
Good Brother 

I had both y rs , yt relating to Mr. Etheridge shall shew him, w ch 
if it answer not our expectation as to his abateing ought of his bill, 
yet will make him sensible of his falers & put him upon action to 
gaine more if ought yet be recourble, as I feare Little Will : can not 
for present returne answer to y rs abt. the Money you are willing to 
take but I am apt to believe you might have it at 5 per O as you 


desire, but a Certaine time can not so well bee agreed on in Regard 
or there of: our nieces are at womens estate but as the Case of Virg a 
now stands ther is Little incoradgment to marry ther, where not only 
the natives are at warr w th y m , but yt w ch is much worsse severall 
of the English to the nomber of abt. 5 or 600 are in Rebelion to ye 
Governor, being headed by one of ye Councell upon the spetious pre- 
tence of great presure & taxes imposed on y m by the Governor & 
assembly w ch they will not pay or allow of, & so far these Mutineers 
are incensed y l our late Letters tell us yt they have proclaimed ther 
Leader Bacon* by name, Governor, wt the Issue will be is uncertaine 
but surly the Consequence must [be] bad to the whole Countrey in 
Generall, & particularly to those yt have Concernes ther as I have 
but too much to my great disscomfort. Mr. Secretary! is gone into ye 
West to see his Mother & will not Returne I presume tell next month, 
when I shall discourse ye affaire w th him & Coll. Smyth, give you ther 
sence; as its mine since you will take but a 1000 1., & are so fully 
sattisfied of Co. Reppington Mortgage to be so good, y l you assure 
him I will take care to pay the 1000 1. at yt time, and let it bee y rs 
to take ye security, of w ch I pray bee well advised: as yet bro. Bag- 
shaw is not come up, when he doe I shall take his opinion abt. wt 
you wright of a decree in Chancery ere you & me pt. wth my money, 
w ch is but reson if noe other way less charable [ ? Chargeable,] & as 
secure for you, bee not by him propounded, or a fitting expedient, nor 
do I thinke I was must out in my Computation if you Consider the 
expence of suite, & yt first deducted as it ought the Remainder can 
not bee above 800 to devide of w ch according to oath made, Mr. 
Dickins is 200, mine 337 od mony, & wt ye Residue is I leave to you 
to judge, nor shall I mention as you hinte nothing of this affaire 
either to my sister or to nephew, Conceiving my bro. Hary noe waies 
concerned in this : our Losses still exceeding his as I before wrote you, 
but I know my bro was so exacte in all his affaires yt ther will be a 
demande made by the trustees, w ch is time enough to give answer to 
when wee know wt it is: meane time request you, as I before hintd to 
you, it being a bussy time wth mee & a ship nere goeing away, y 1 you 
forth wth write a joynt Letter as from us to my sister as you best 
know how, advising our Care in the putting out the Money by will 
ordered as fast as opportunity of Land security offer, w ch is yt wee 
chiefly aime at in these Tirble times, & wee have a proffer of Land 
security for a 1000 Mickelmas, w ch wee have Closed wth a s wee 
shall for the whole as soone as we can meete wth good security & shall 
bee looking out for a fitt schoole for our nephewes when shee & the 
trustees see fitt to send y m over. 

* Nathaniel Bacon. 

t Thomas Ludwell, Secretary of State of Virginia, was a native of 
TBruton, Somersetshire. 


I was mistaken in acquainting you y t Capt. Beresford bayld bro. 
Richard [probably a half-brother Richard Howell], but sett at Liberty 
he was by one of his owne gange, who yet is like to come to damage 
in case frinds disburse out somme moneys, as sister Oker lately in- 
formed mee, to whome shall pay y r stoore (?) & next weeke goe to 
Walingford house & give you an act of yt concerne. 

As soon as I have ended w th Etheridge as I must this trime [ ? terme] 
shall send you an act. of ye whole expence & that daie I hope the 
whole afire may be stated to content of the Concerned : & then shall 
send y r acct. in order to makeing it up the somme you intend, w ch in 
y r next pray let mee know y t I may make provission accordingly : 
all w th mee say ther duty & service, mine I pray to good sister & 
Cousin & I cordially am 

Y r most affectionat Bro. 

Gawen Corbin. 

June ye 5 Mr. Jno. Baker died monday was a senatt at Mr. Ward. 
I have Reed. — 400 of S r Rowlands & shall ye Rest when Mr. Hinton 
please. I presume y r god-daughter is a fine guirle & my Co. in good 
health & abroad againe. 

Endorsed : 


ffor Thomas Corbin Esq 1- 
Hallend in Warwickshire. 
June 1676 [in T. Corbin' writing.] 

Gawen Corbin to Thomas Corbin. 

[Undated : but since Henry Corbin's widow had recently remarried 

the year is probably 1677.] 
Good Brother 

I lately wrote you but was then in so much hast y* I feare you 
could not read my scrible : did then promise you should have y r Cloaths 
as this weeke w ch you will receave by Sedgwicke by whome wee 
reed, a Large present of Beefe & Bacon, for ye one you have my 
thanks as my sister will have my Dames for the Bakon of w ch meate 
shee is a great Lover: my last tould you if I forgett not y* ther was 
not Cloth enough left to make ye shute & y* I had made Charge of 
another nere it w ch I hope may please you better. I wish they ffitt in 
y r monie as also y r Beaur [beaver] of w ch I am in most fear yet hope 
well, as I doe y t the Taylor have followd y r Direction as to y r Cloths 
w ch I nd he have as to ye height of ye Coller tho not as to Lining to ye 
Dublct w th Holland, as I thinke you write it should in y r first Letter, 
and in regard the Samer is prety well spent you wHl ye less want it. 


Garters nor Hattbands the were were none but blue ribbin unless 
embrothered one of abt. 10s. ye pare w ch I thought you would not 
Like, I wish you do y r belts w ch is nere ye Collar of ye Cloth though 
purple be most in weare: by the next hope to send you a bill of ye 
cost of all. Co. Ludford writes me yt I must charge you w th 7 1. 
w ch I shall do: but advising wt bro. Bagshaw shall not send doune 
Co. Repingtons writings more then those w ch hee is to seale to us & 
wee to him, w ch my bro. will bring over w th ye morgage & see y m 
both seald, as he comes up next terme being dissatfied in some thing 
relating to his estate of w ch he will draw out a note w ch I shall send 
you ere long, as I now do a Letter from our Virga Sister of yt Chaing 
of her condition & the reasons of it : our Brother in Law is arrivd in 
ye west to whome shee writes mee yt I must pay her the produce of 
her last years Consignements of w ch I have discoursd bro. Bagshaw 
who saith it would be most Convenent & safe for you & mee if the 
originall will was sent over & proved according to forme before any 
money be paid her, of w ch I pray give a hint as from y r selfe, when 
you next write so to my sister, w ch my brother thinks it requisite to 
be done. My last tould you I had a Red burd sent me as this will you 
of one sent you by Major Armestead, w ch if you designe for s r Robt. 
my Dame would keepe over. I have thought to send abt. your money 
this day, w ch if I receave shall give you notice in my next in true w th 
mine and Dames love. 

I remaine your affecte Bro. 

Gawen Corbin. 
Mr. Savage tells me my shee Co. Repington was in toune who I 
designe to waite on if shee stay till ye hallidaies, otherwise ye must 
plead my excuse and my shiping coming in so fast yt I have not 
Leisure : pray wth m y Duty make delivery of ye inclosed and excuse 
me to ye futher yt I write not to him abt. ye childrens moneys w cb 
pray get a noate for this q r or yeare and I will pay it together. 

[On iirst page in margin] I was to send a Hamper of Malago to 
Co. Ludford & have sent it by this bearer & shall write him of it per 
post, but if his Letter miscarry pray let him have notice as its fitt you 
should; yt w ch I once before wrote you relating to the party you 
lately called thither is againe reported to be true, & if you desire a 
further acct. you may have it from my sister, who is in health w th 
her daughter, as all of us are. 
Endorsed : 


ffor Thomas Corbin Esqe 

at Hallend in Warwickshire 

w th a Box 



History of the University of Virginia, 1819-1919. 4 Vols. By 
Philip Alexander Bruce. New York. The Macmillan Company. 

This is a great book by a great historian. With a thoroughness sel- 
dom equaled and never surpassed, Mr. Bruce has collected and used 
every scrap of material bearing on the story of our State University 
from its inception to the present time. Indeed, the completeness of the 
work rather appalls the reader until he gets into it and begins to admire 
its artistic finish. Mr. Bruce is a master both of the science and art of 

The first volume is naturally given to the establishment of the Uni- 
versity and its physical creation. There is a preliminary sketch of the 
creator, "The Impress of Jefferson." This is followed by a detailed 
account of Jefferson's "Struggle for a University." Most Virginians 
of that day thought that the one State college of William and Mary 
was sufficient, and it was Jefferson's difficult task to convince a reluc- 
tant people and legislature that a higher institution of learning was 
needed. He succeeded, and then, along with Cabell and Cocke, brought 
the University of Virginia into being. The chapter on "The Building 
of the University" is most detailed. Seldom is architectural history 
given so completely. Nothing remains to be told of the launching of 
the great school at Charlottesville. 

The second volume deals with the "Formative and Experimental 
Stage." There is an excellent account of the English professors, Long, 
Blaetermann, Key, Bonnycastle and Dunglison, who came to our 
shores to impart European culture. To this is added the story of the 
first American professors. Administrative details are given at length : 
the organization of the schools, matriculation, etc. There is likewise 
a full description of the courses, the text-books used, methods of in- 
struction and degrees. 

The first two volumes give the beginnings. The third volume tells 
the story of the expansion of the experimental State University into an 
important American college, the peer of Yale and Harvard. Its main 
section is entitled "Expansion and Reformation, 1842-1861." By 1830, 
the university was on its feet and had begun to draw students from the 
lower South, as well as from Virginia and that sister State which has 
always patronized Virginia institutions, North Carolina. By 1840, the 
Charlottesville institution had become the pet school of the planter 
class; it was a fashionable finishing-school for young men and any- 
thing but the school for the whole people which Jefferson devised. This 
alteration in its destiny, however, was mainly beneficial to the Univer- 
sity ; it became the stamping-ground of the finest breed of men ever 
raised in America, who owned the university from 1840 to 1861 and 
who continued to come to it until about 1890, when the breed may be 
said to have become extinct. 


The young Southern planter was a superb individualist and, gener- 
ally speaking, a fine man. He drank oceans of whiskey and played 
poker all night — yet frequently managed to leave the university with 
a deep culture. He habitually carried fire-arms and habitually used 
them on the fixtures of the university— indeed, as late as 1900, stu- 
dents were in the habit of shooting at electric lights with pistols. We 
mention this as one of the few possible additions to Mr. Bruce's nar- 
rative. The pranks were numberless and sometimes ended in riots, 
especially on those delightful occasions when an Uncle Tom's Cabin 
company played at the town theater. Then the students, en masse, 
proceeded and very properly, to be sure — to mob the performers and 
break up the show. The police would fatuously interfere, and there 
would be a grand fight in which several policemen would be consider- 
ably damaged. (We regret to say that Mr. Bruce forgot to include 
these mobbings of shows. They were a feature of the university once. 
The boys who go there now are too gentle for such shindies.) 

These splendid individualists who knew no law but their own will 
finally precipitated a serious riot in 1845 in which a professor was killed 
and the prestige of the University seriously injured. So there had to 
be a Reformation. Every human institution seems to need reforming 
sooner or later; but one may regret the necessity of it at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia. True the students did get out of bounds and some- 
thing had to be done — but they were such a virile and characterful lot 
of youths, the descendants of the men who made the United States 
and themselves later its brightest ornaments until abolition came to 
ruin them. 

Mr. Bruce's account of the Great Insurrection of 1845 is the most 
interesting thing in his interesting book. It is to be regretted, how- 
ever, that he has so little sympathy for the students. He seems to 
think that a little property damage was a very serious matter, while, 
in reality, it was the result of the exuberance of youth. Indeed, if 
there is any defect in a book so comprehensive and admirable it is in 
the lack of a study of the student personnel — a study which would 
narrate the careers of outstanding students while at the university. 
Mr. Bruce makes much of the fact that Woodrow Wilson was at the 
university for a time — graduated there in law or medicine or some- 
thing. But Woodrow Wilson was really quite insignificant as a stu- 
dent: as a student he does not rank with such engaging personalities 
as "Sinner" White or Paul B. Barringer, that true descendant of the 
splendid planters who lost his academic degree by riding his horse up 
the steps of the Rotunda and into the building. An absolutely com- 
plete history of a college would, too, include some account of the balls; 
and festivities, and of the visiting girls and college widows who made 
life worth while for the students of the past. 

But such a study would possibly be considered beneath the dignity 
of history, interesting as it would be, and within the realm of formal 
history Mr. Bruce's narrative is well-nigh perfect. Especially is this 
true in respect to the professors. It might seem worth while to be a 
college professor if one could be sure that a Bruce would go into the 
details of one's life and set them forth in such a work. No man of any 
consequence who was ever a teacher at Charlottesville has been over- 
looked. No course of study has been neglected, no incident of the 
slightest importance in administration, finance or progression. The nar- 
rative is complete with a completeness almost meticulous, though not 
quite so. It is the completeness of an artist in details. 


The style of the book is altogether admirable. Probably no such 
readable college history has ever been written before. In spite of the 
great size of the work, the pages slip by so easily and pleasantly that 
one finds a volume read before one realizes it. In literary workman- 
ship, as in research, the history is all that could be desired. 

The fourth volume is devoted to the later activities of the Uni- 
versity. This is the only volume really open to criticism. Mr. Bruce 
has included an account of the rise and development of athletics at the 
university. He has done so with a most obvious ignorance of such 
matters as baseball and football. The assistance of some one conver- 
sant with college sports would have been beneficial, for in the modern 
college athletics rank ahead of everything else. In fact, the experi- 
ence and reputation that a student gains as a football player are more 
important than any mere course of study. Boys recognize this fact, 
and are blamed for doing so, as if academic theories are more vital 
than realities. The truth is that a student can capitalize an athletic 
reputation so as to get a vast start in the race of life. Since athletics 
are thus in no sense inferior in importance to studies, they are worthy 
of a more detailed and technical treatment than Mr. Bruce has given 

But in a work so vast such a deficiency can not be considered a great 
blemish. The fact remains that Mr. Bruce has written the best college 
history ever written in this country. Indeed, he has devoted to telling 
the story of a small college riches of learning and literary skill that 
would have adorned the relation of the fall of an empire. 

One feature that must be emphasized is the excellence of the char- 
acterizations. Jefferson and his compeers; Long; Sylvester; Gessher 
(the Great) Harrison; the absurd Bledsoe; the very singular Scheie de 
Vere ; the majestic John B. Minor; Gildersleeve, world figure in schol- 
arship ; Noah K. Davis, that mind of Descartes and soul of child ; 
"Daddy" Holmes; illustrious Mallet; Paul B. Barringer, fat scientist 
loved by so many generations of school-boys for his Lincolnian stories ; 
Alderman, first king; Milton Humphreys, greatest of them all — these 
figures and many more pass through the delightful pages of Mr. 
Bruce's charming book. Everybody who ever succeeded in attending 
the university — if only for a brief season — should read it. 


Abstract of Lower Norfolk County Wills. Compiled by Charles F. 
Mcintosh, Norfolk, Va. Published by the Colonial Dames of Amer- 
ica in the State of Virginia. A Complete Series of Abstracts of all 
the Wills of Lower Norfolk and Norfolk Counties, now on Record 
in the Clerk's Office at Portsmouth, Va., from 1637 to 1710. Lower 
Norfolk County included the Present Princess Anne and Norfolk 
Counties. Price $3.00. For sale by the Bell Book and Stationery 
Co., Richmond, Va. 

As a second volume of Abstracts of Norfolk Wills by Mr. Mcintosh is 
nearly ready for publication we are glad again to call attention to the 
tir<t one. published a few years ago. It is a book indispensible to all 
persons interested in the people and families of that section. The Ab- 
stract of Norfolk Wills is exactly one of those books which soon get 
out of print and which later bring a price provokingly high to people 
win' need them. Mr. Mcintosh and the Virginia Societv of Colonial 


Dames have done a fine work for history and genealogy in this book 
and its successor, covering later dates, which is soon to appear. 

Among the names mentioned in the first volume are those of Ashall, 
Ballantine, Batchelor, Boroughs, Boush, Bray, Brooke, Butt, Carraway, 
Church, Corprew, Chamberlain, Cocke, Culpeper, Dickson, Emperour, 
Etheridge, Foster, Fentress, Gaskins, Godfrey, Grandy, Grimes, Hall, 
Hancock, Hatton, Herbert, Hodge, Ivy, Jenkins, Johnson, Keeling, 
Kemp, Lambert, Langley, Land, Lawson, Lewelling, Mason, Maund, 
Moseley, Nash, Newton, Old, Pinner, Porter, Porten, Portlock, Powell, 
Robinson, Sayer, Sibsey, Sidney, Sikes, Spratt, Tanner, Taylor, Thela- 
ball, Thoroughgood, Thruston, Tucker, White, Whitehurst, William- 
son, Wiloughby, Wilson, Wishart, Woodhouse, Valentine, Veale, Walke, 
Webb, Wright, Yeardley, to name only a few. 

Life and Times of Stevens Thomson Mason, The Boy Governor of 
Michigan. By Lawton T. Hemans. Lansing, Michigan Historical 
Commission, 1920, pp. 528, with 82 illustrations. 

This book was for years a labor of love on the part of the author. 
The life of a young Virginian who played a very considerable part in 
the West is not only of much interest to the people of Michigan, but 
also to those of Governor Mason's native state. It contains indeed, 
much matter in regard to the Masons of Virginia, illustrated by a 
number of interesting portraits. 

Mr. Heman's work is marked by most careful research and his book 
is a valuable addition to American history. 

The Governments of Europe. By Frederic Austin Ogy, Ph. D., Pro- 
fessor of Political Science in the University of Wisconsin. Author 
of "The Economic Development of Modern Europe," "Social Progress 
in Contemporary Europe," etc. Revised edition, New York. The 
Macmillan Company. 1920. pp. 775. 

The first edition of this book was published in 1913 and it rapidly 
made such a place for itself in public estimation, that a new edition is 
called for. The author says in his preface, "Since 1913 the structure, 
functions and problems of government have undergone important 
changes in every European State, in Germany, Russia and the Dual 
Monarchy Austria-Hungary, reconstruction has sprung from overt revo- 
lution. The volume has, accordingly been rewritten throughout." 

Our relations with Europe are now so close and involving so much 
of the gravest importance, that it is needless to waste words on the 
need and value of such a book as this, done as Professor Ogy has 
done it. 

Early Tudor Poetry, 1485-1547. By John M. Berdan, New York. The 
Macmillan Company, 1920; pp. 564. 

The poets and prose writers of early Tudor England — Hawes, Skel- 
ton, John Heywood, Sir Thomas More, Wyatt, Surrey and others — 


and in every sense forerunner of the great Elizabethans ; the early 
Sixteenth Century is necessary background of the more famous half 
century which followed. During this period humanism, medievalism, 
and modernism were blended ; not only the chivalric and scholastic, 
pagan and monastic heritage, but also the contemporary invention of 
printing, the geographic explorations, the Copernican astronomy, the 
Reformation, and the interest in Continental literature contributed to 
the synthesis. The age was one of experiment and assimilation, a time 
of transition. 

Professor Berdan's scholarly, inclusive, and interesting account re- 
veals fully its importance in literary history. 

It is not only of value to students, but of very great interest to all 
interested in English literature. 

Mr. Reginald M. Glencross 

LONDON S. W. 20, ENG. 

Undertakes Pedigree Work and all 
kinds of Record Searching. 

In order to qualify himself for this profession Mr. 
Glencross studied History at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, from 1896-9 to 1899, when he took Honours 
in the Historical Tripos and his B. A. degree. For 
three years, 1900-3, he was an Assistant Secretary at 
the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, where he had ex- 
perience in the practical side of historical research. 
In 1905 he passed the Law Tripos at Cambridge and 
took his LL.B., and subsequently satisfied the Exam- 
iner in Palaeology and Diplomatic at the London 
School of Economics, being one of the four who did so. 

Fees — In Advance. 

For work in London, 1 guinea (about $5.00) per day. 
44 outside " ^"1 : 15 (about $9.00) per day. 

Intending Clients should send full particulars of 
what they already know and a draft for a round sum 
at their own discretion. Mr. Glencross will report as 
soon as any thing relevant is found or, failing that, the 
money is exhausted. Any balance remaining in hand 
will be returned. 

If you have found your Emigrant Ancestor 
why be content to stop there? 

$5.00 per Annum 

Single No. $1.50 








VOIi. XXIX— No. 3 

JULY, 1921 

Entered at the Posloffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter 

109 Governor Street, Richmond, Va. 





i. Letters to David Watson 257 

2. Swiss and German Colonies in the Western Part of 

Virginia 287 

3. Minutes of the Council and General Court 292 

4. Virginia Historical Pageant Association. 303 

5. Virginia War History Commission Supplement 305 

6. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls 337 

7. Virginia Gleanings in England 344 

8. Notes and Queries 356 

9. Genealogy 363 

(Lovelace and Corbin families) 

10. Book Reviews 383 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXIX July, 1921 No. 3 


For permission to copy and print these letters (formerly a part of the 
Watson papers) we are indebted to Mr. Thomas J. Michie, of Char- 
lottesville, and Mr. Herbert A. Claiborne, of Richmond. 

With the exception of the letters from F. W. Gilmer and one from 
J. C. Cabell, those printed below were written from William and Mary. 
The letter of Mr. Cabell, referred to, was written in the interval between 
the completion of his academic course and his return to Williamsburg 
to enter the law course. The last letter from Mr. Gilmer was written 
while he was abroad seeking professors for the University of Virginia. 

From Robert Michie 1 

Wm & Mary, Nov. 3rd, 1797. 
Dear David: — 

When you receive this you will unavoidably confess that I 
am a man of my word according to the proverb for whensoever 
I have promised you I have omitted to write. 

Your letter to Howard is in my trunk he has not yet come. 
He was seen by the Bishop in his circuit — requested him par- 
ticularly to direct Moir to reserve a room from which we may 
calculate on his coming back — I have taken your room as its 
called in college and have the happiness to tell you that there 
is an alteration considerable in the Braffertonf diet but far 

1 For note on Robert Michie, see April Magazine, p. 134. 

t The Brafferton is a brick house on the campus of William and 
Mary. It was built in 1723 for the use of the Indian school founded 
under the bequest of Hon. Robert Boyle, 1692. The funds bequeathed 
were invested in the purchase of the manor of Brafferton in York- 


are they yet, from the Heliogabelan proficiency. I have seen 

Miss D is & could not help thinking of your insinuation 

to my Brother, one thing surprized me that you seemed to 
credit it & another that he did not — You may think as you 
please. Hence I should have been at pains to undeceive 
Morris has deceived you & my embarrassment at your house, 
I suppose was a confirmation. 

We have delegated four to alter and make every necessary 
amendment in the regulations for our society they will be 
brought in to-night — numberless debaters are we like to have 
this term. 

Tom Maury 2 took stage at Fdgs. [Fredericksburg] for Alex- 
andria to be innoculated but the Corporation having made a 
law that no one should be permitted except he could produce 
a certificate of three years residence ; has sent him to us again. 

I am fond of Tom; but what in the world detains Morris 3 . 
I really begin to suspect the fellow is going to desert us! 
There's great variety in the dress of the students this Course 
from the finest satin, to a pair of check overalls. 

Your friends lament the check in your literary progress but 
hope its duration will be short. 

Beal goes on as usual very seldom at the Bishop's but his 
walk is not so distant as formerly on down to Moirs old 

I am yours, Ro. Michie. 

This is an odd letter however you shall receive it, Tom has 
returned from Alexia and we are like to elect the Bishop 
president of our Society. R MichJe 

[Addressed] David Watson, Esqr, Louisa, G. Springs 

shire. The house at the College was named for the English manor 
which remained the property of William and Mary down to the Ameri- 
can Revolution. The Brafferton has long been used as a boarding or 
rooming house for students. 

-'Thomas W. Maury, Louisa County, B. A., William & Mary 1798. 
He was son of Rev. Matthew Maury (born 1744) and Elizabeth Walker 
his wife. He represented Albemarle County in the House of Delegates 
1815-16, 1817-18, had a school for a number of years at Charlottes- 
ville and died in 1842. 

;t James W. Morris, A. B., 1798. 

letters to david watson 259 

From Robert Michie. 

Wm. & Mary, Dec. 21, 1797. 
Dear David: — 

I have written several times to you but have received no 
answer, having too much to do in the Rotine [ ?] I resolved to 
do nothing so I will amuse myself with writing. 

Lee 4 going to Richmond, promises to give this to Mr. Fer- 
rill if he does Sam's particularity will insure the reception, 
theres a risque but nought cannot be endangered. I received a 
letter from Philadelphia announcing the safe arrival of 
Vaughan & White. On their return they I suppose will restore 
Methusalian age at least. But some ascribe the longevity of 
the ancients to the want of the Faculty. I have done what 
you requested respecting information opportunity of convey- 
ance whether they have written I can't say. 

Tomlin was not here when I wrote last sickness and not 
old age had prevented his coming he seems willing to write. 

Respecting news or occurences that which engrosses the 
attention of every one at present is the setting of Hornsbie's 
House to rights in an Eggnog fit. Common Hall has set Blue 
Room and Lemon with a note has been engaged ever since the 
inability of Tucker to attend has caused them to go to his 
house to say they wish to proceed legally now, the question 
being put in the Blue. Whether were you present or not? 
Illegality was plead and no answer given. They will deter- 
mine to day and if any thing worth impartation I will inform 
you circumstantially. 

4 The printed catalogue of the College has very many omissions 
and errors. These letters will add a number of names to the list. 
Vaughan, White, Wiley, Parker and Howard do not appear at this time. 
Lee was probably Arthur Lee, of Norfolk, a student in 1798. Whit- 
field was Thomas Whitfield, A. B., styled (probably erroneously) as 
"of the Eastern Shore." Beale was Norborne Beale, of Williamsburg, 
student, 1798. Smith was probably Thomas G. Smith, of King and 
Queen County. Pryor probably John C. Pryor, of Gloucester, student 
1798. Tomlin probably J. M. Tomlin, of Hanover, student 1798. Deans 
was Josiah Deans, of Gloucester, A. B., 1798. William Beverley, of 
Essex, was a student 1798. There were several Taylors in College at 
this time. 


I have told you every thing I believe that Wiley was going 
to live with Ambler. Whitfield was here studying law and 
Beale, Lee, Smith, Prior, Parker, Deanes, of your acquaint- 
ances Tomlin talks of not attending there are none but these, 
or some of them you would not suspect. Taylor is and has 
been in Richmond sometime on his return. Howard we hear 
is not coming great grief to Mrs. Moir. Benet is in high 
demand here his wit keeps us continually laughing. He was 
told by Brokenborough tother night, that he was very witty 
to night, perfectly calm he replied, not more so than common. 
Morris is negative. Speach for fun has ecclipsed Maury. If 
you take the Argus Julius on the Adulation. paid the president 
was written by Brokenborough]; Yancey is a bad fellow to 
depend on for remission not of sins but money. I have writ- 
ten to him but he has not answered. He like Bloomer's Debtor 
wants his memory juggled. We are to have a kind of shew 
tonight, the fellow promises largely viz. Chinese shades the 
flying of snakes and other philosophical experiments too hide- 
ous to mention. This is enough to tell you at once. 

Remember me to your father and mother and the family. 

I remain, 

Rob. Michie. 

[Addressed] David Watson, Esqr, Louisa County. 
To the care of Mrs. Terrell, Richmond. 

% William Brockenbrough, son of Dr. John Brockenbrough, of Tap- 
pahannock, was born July 10, 1778, and died Dec. 10, 1838. He was 
long distinguished in public life, represented Essex County in the 
House of Delegates 1801-2, 1802-3, and Hanover 1807-8, 1808-9; was 
appointed member of Council May, 1803, Judge of the General Court 
Feb. 7, 1809, and later Judge of the Court of Appeals. He married 
Judith, daughter of John and Judith (daughter of Carter Braxton) 
White; and had issue: 1. Judge John W., of Lexington, Va. 2. Judith 
White, married Rev. John P. McGuire. 3. Elizabeth, married Jefferson 
Phelps. 4. Mary Stevenson, married Willoughby Newton, M. C, of 
"Linden", Westmoreland County. 5. Jane, married Edward Colston, 
of "Honeywood", Berkeley Co. 6. Dr. William Spencer Roane, of 
Hanover County, who married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Nelson 
and widow of Charles L. U. Page. 

Judge Brockenbrough was a brother of Dr. John Brockenbrough, of 
Richmond, and, himself, lived long in this city. A genealogy of the 
Brockenbrough family was published in this Magazine V, 447-449; 
VI, 81-85. 

Joseph Carrington Cabell 


From Joseph C. Cabell 5 

Warminster, June 7th, 1799. 
Dear Watson: — 

You wrote me a letter about the middle of last January. 
That letter I received along with one from our worthy friend 
Yancey, in March. It is now June; and I have answered 
neither. What then ought to be my conduct under circum- 
stances like these? No doubt you have already passed sen- 

5 Joseph Carrington Cabell was born Dec. 26, 1778, and died Febru- 
ary 5, 1856. He was at Hampden-Sidney College 1795-1796 and after- 
wards at William and Mary where he took the degree of A. B. He 
traveled in Europe 1802- 1806. He was a member of the House of 
Delegates from Nelson County 1808-1809, 1809-1810, 1831-1835, and of 
the State Senate 1810-1829. He was Jefferson's chief supporter in the 
Legislature in founding the University of Virginia and it is hardly 
overstating to say that probably that great institution could not then 
have been established without his aid. He was a Visitor of the Uni- 
versity 1819-56, and Rector, 1845-56. He was also deeply interested in 
internal improvements and has been called "the father of the James 
River and Kanawha Canal." He was one of the original incorporators 
of that company in 1835 and its president 1835-46. His correspondence 
with Jefferson has been published in book form. In 1848 he became a 
life member of the Virginia Historical Society. 

Mr. Cabell was a man of high character, of great ability and national 
reputation. There is an admirable sketch of his life in Vol. 1, pp. 
145-157, of the History of the University of Virginia, by Philip A. 

The only blot on Joseph C. Cabell's record, which he shares with 
Jefferson, is what even the distinguished historian of the University, 
Dr. Bruce, calls their "ungenerous and inconsistent spirit of hostility to 
William and Mary." He farther adds that this is "the only chapter 
in the history of the University, which is darkened by the spirit of an 
illiberal and ungenerous policy — a policy, indeed, only relieved from 
the taint of positive unscrupulousness by the fact that it was dictated, 
not by personal selfishness, but by the supposed welfare of a great 
institution." For much that Jefferson and Cabell were, they owed 
to William and Mary, yet they fought bitterly every plan for her 
improvement and tried to rob her (at her time of special weak- 
ness and need) of her endowment. Happily most college men (and 
none more than the sons of the University of Virginia) have a truer 
loyalty to Alma Mater. It is difficult, even now, for some persons to 
speak with proper restraint about this matter ; but though one may with 
his whole soul reject the doctrine (apparently held in this case by 
Jefferson and Cabell) that the end justifies the means, yet he may feel 
that their ungrateful and disloyal work has turned out to be the best for 
both institutions. A William and Mary at Richmond might have weak- 
ened the new University, and it is in every way well that the old College 
has not lost its historic connection with the small city of Williamsburg. 


tence on me as a trembling culprit at the bar of friendship. 
I can now only avail myself of that liberality, which I have had 
frequent occasion to exercise towards yourself. I can only 
beg you not to measure my esteem and respect for your vir- 
tues and talents by the number of scrolls I send you. No, my 
friend, this would be a fallible criterion. As you never have 
detected me in flattery you cannot suppose that I now fly to the 
vulgar method of apologising by dipping my pen in the cup of 
adulation. I could readily assign you and the rest of my 
friends who honor me with their letters the last of excuses for 
a silence that may apparently (but does not really) argue dis- 
respect and an inconsistency between my professions and prac- 
tices, but relying on their candor, I shall waive lengthy apolo- 
gies which to you I believe are always disagreeable. 

This, Watson, is I believe the first letter you have had from 
me since I took my leave of the old beloved Seat of Science. 
As you have already felt it is useless for me to describe the 
emotions that attended my exit from the walls of College. 
You know what it is to have moved with pleasure amidst "the 
haunts of youth"; to have formed the firmest of friendships, 
and to have exchanged the society of congenial souls for the 
peaceful but chilling prospects of a sequestered country seat. 
The stoutest among us yield to the impressions of sensibility 
on these occasions. And its with candor I confess to you my 
feelings were never more painful than they were at the idea 
of beholding our College friends separately on the road of 
life — perhaps not to meet before their journies' end. But let 
us leavy this gloomy idea. Perhaps you have seen or heard 
from my letters to Yancey, the nature of my pursuits since my 
return to the Mountains. About the first of last December I 
set myself down at my Brothers residence from which I now 
write you. Here I am endeavouring to extend my informa- 
tion, and as you observe, to make myself a piece of a lawyer. 
I have heard the law abused so frequently as a dry study that 
I heretofore been disposed to think this only a fashionable 
cant among young men. But I can inform you that it deserves 
all the censure that the lazy, the idle, or the industrious have 
bestowed on it. The labours of Sysiphus or the punishment 


of the Danaides were not much worse than the incessant and 
never ending task of pouring over the mouldey records of 
Law. Do you remember what Thorn. Paine said about 
Burke's Treatise on the French Revolution. The observation 
may be well applied to this celebrated study of ours. It is 
something like "point no point" indeed. Pardon the liberty I 
thus take in censuring your profession. Possibly my next 
letter to you may bring its eulogium. 

6 Well my friend what think you of the noise and bustle that 
the politicians have kicked up in our land? As you observed 
in your letter that you should feel like a "Tick in a tar barrel" 
were you to enter on the subject of Politicks, I presume you 
are not fond of the topic. You will excuse my bringing you 
into the region of tar as it is nowadays a mark of ill breeding 
to converse of write on any other subject. Besides I feel 
happy in fraternising with my brother republicans at a time 
when they appear to be the objects on which the other half of 
the community vent all their angry passions. 'Watson, what 
has caused the elections for Congress to go as they have done? 
Do you agree with me in opinion that the proceedings of the 
last assembly have caused the change? I have no doubt that 
the objects of the Members in adopting their Resolutions and 
addresses were perfectly pure. But whether the Measures 
they adopted to effect those objects were the most prudent 
and politick I doubt very much. The state of the public mind 
during last summer and fall resembled what it was on the 
adoption of the British Treaty. The people glowed with in- 
dignation at the enaction of laws directly violating their Con- 
stitution and notwithstanding the efforts of a party to cool their 
resentment by artfully diverting their attention to the conduct 
of a foreign nation, they were resolved to repel the injuries 

6 In the Sixth Congress, which began Dec. 2, 1799, the senators from 
Virginia were Stevens Thomson Mason and Wilson Cary Nicholas, 
and the representatives, Samuel J. Cabell, Mathew Clay, John Dawson, 
Joseph Eggleston, Thomas Evans, Samuel Goode, Edwin Gray, David 
Holmes, George Jackson, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Anthony New, 
John Nicholas, Robert Page, Josiah Parker, Levin Powell, John Ran- 
dolph, Littleton Waller Tazewell, Abram Trigg and John Trigg. Mr. 
Cabell evidently thought that any movement tending towards a separa- 
tion from the Union would cause anxiety and alarm among the Vir- 
ginia people. 


their liberties had suffered. But the handle that was made of 
the Measures of the last assembly has had its desired effect in 
alarming the people. The federalists have excited a belief that 
the legislature intended, and that their measures, led to, dis- 
union. The people fearing disunion as the worst of evils have 
therefore thought it better even at the risk of bad laws, to 
elect men who would never consent to a dissolution of the 
federal compact. When evil effects have flowed from certain 
causes, we are apt to wonder that those effects were not fore- 
seen by the author of their causes. Perhaps we should in 
similar circumstances find our sagacity, foresight and pene- 
tration fall equally as far short of perfection. 

I imagine you are by this time convinced by practical obser- 
vation of the effects of a standing army. The brave and hon- 
ourable way in which the officers of that army have treated 
the Editors of two Republican papers exhibits a spectacle of 
heroism that challenges its equal in the days of Chivalry. 
When we consider Montesquieu's reflection on the delays of 
Courts of Justice in free countries, we can but admire and 
applaud the invention of those heroes in pointing out the way 
to obtain liberty without its usual price to effect a speedy 
arrival at Justice without one of the delays which usually 
accompany its administration. This invention comes with pe- 
culiar propriety from those who were called together to exe- 
cute the Laws. 

I imagine you hear how affairs are moving on at W. & M. 
There is but one event which I think worth mentioning from 
the old City. Eve is going to be married again — to our old 
fellow student — Bankhead. There is nothing new in Amherst. 
I have written you this letter merely as an apology for having 
suffered your letter to remain unanswered so long. Situated 
as I am amidst lonely hills and having been separated from 
you so long, you must perceive how hard I'm pushed * * * 
[torn] in this long epistle for something, to write about. I 
[hope the?] same circumstance can have no weight with you. 
I know it has not. Let me therefore request you, Watson, to 
write to me shortly. Grant me the pleasure of hearing fully 
from you in this solitary part of Virginia. Let me beg you to 


continue the friendly practice of recommending to my perusal 
those passages of authors what you think will improve my 
mind. The advantages you have already afforded me in this 
way I remember with gratitude. 

Coles 7 my fellow-student and constant companion, desires to 
be remembered to you. 

I am, Dr. Watson, your friend sincerely, 

Jos. C. Cabell, 

Tell Yancey I have been expecting him here ever since the 
District Ct. ; that this alone has prevented my answering his 
letters since that time, and that as he seems determined to rob 
me of the pleasure of seeing him here, I shall write to him 
(and to Minor) by the next mail. I need not observe how 
happy I should be to see you, could you pay us a visit. / was 
once your fellow student at Wm. & M. 

From Chapman Johnson 8 

Wmsburg 19th Deer. 99 
My Dear Friend, 

You certainly have forgotten your promise, and my letter 
has not arrived to remind you of it. You will receive this I 
expect in Richmond and, the next stage expect the pleasure 
of hearing from you. 

My situation in College is as commodious and agreeable as 
I could reasonably have expected. I occupy a very convenient 
room, on the third floor, your former habitation, I believe. 
The students generally are less assiduous, than I could wish, 
but, however, I have not, much reason to complain of inter- 
ruption. I am much pleased with the Bishop. His politeness 
of behavior, his openess of disposition, his easiness of manners, 
his affability and famility in conversation, wheh added to his 

7 Isaac A. Coles, of Albemarle, A. B. 1798. He was a lawyer, was for 
a time Jefferson's private secretary, and was a member of the House of 
Delegates 1840-41. His home was "Enniscorthey," Albemarle County. 

8 For note on Chapman Johnson and portrait see April Magazine, 
155 et seq. 


extensive information, great virtues and moral rectitude of 
conduct, irresistibly engage the esteem and admiration of all 
who are acquainted with him. I am not insensible to the 
charms of every thing, that is noble and excellent in human 

I was really somewhat surprised, to find the Bishop so firm 
a Christian, as I now believe him; after having so frequently 
heard, that he was a deist in sentiment. If he is not a Chris- 
tian, he certainly is the most consumate hypocrite; and this I 
cannot believe of him; his firm belief is manifested in every 
action of his life. My acquaintance with the inhabitants has 
progressed very slowly, tho' it has kept pace with my desires, 
for I find that an extensive acquaintance, would be incom- 
patible with close study. The few with whom I have become 
acquainted, I find polite and agreeable. The people generally 
of this place appear extremely gay and extravagant. There 
have been not less than four balls, since I came to town, & there 
will be another this week. To one, who has spent his life in 
Louisa, where a ball is almost a phenomenon, this must appear 
the height of extravagance. I have hitherto attended the 
Bishop's Moral Course in the Junior class and his natural 
course. But purposing to attend Tucker's next course and 
finding that I cou'd not get through the Bishop's political 
course, before Tucker's lectures commenced, if I continued 
with the Junior class I have it best to join the seniors and the 
Bishop concurs with me in opinion. I shall consequently 
begin Rousseau immediately. But from all the other studies 
put together, I do not promise myself half the pleasure I 
receive from N. Philosophy. The Lectures on Magnetism & 
Central Forces were particularly pleasing to me for altho the 
theories of Magnetism are extremely chimerical, and indeed 
some of them absurd and ridiculous in my estimation, yet the 
phenomena are so curious beautiful and interesting that they 
are truly entertaining. But the doctrine of Central Forces, is 
not so obscured with any of these fanciful theories, here the 
laws are beautifully explained, and the phenomena satisfac- 
torily accounted for. The Whirling Table is certainly one of 
the most beautiful machines that was ever invented, for the 


illustration of Philosophical phenomena. Upon the whole I 
think these lectures far preferable to any yet delivered. 
Present my compliments to your father's family. 

C. Johnson. 
Be kind enough to take a letter out of the P. office for my 
bro. R. and forward it to him as soon as possible. 

C. J. 
[Addressed] David Watson Esq. 
Atto. at Law 
Mail Rich'd P. office. 

From Chapman Johnson. 

Wmsburg, 18th May, 1800. 
My dear Watson: — 

"Ehue! fugaces, Posthume, Posthume, 
Laburtur annos " 

If time, so precious to man, glides thus, inevitably on, life 
shortens, each moment, what must be the reflections of one 
who has sacrificed to Idleness, so great a part his life? But 
when, will he find consolation, when, so soon as he supposes, 
he has effected a reformation, and is employing himself in a 
manner, which may redound to his advantage; he is induced 
to believe or to fear, at least, that his time is yet misspent? 

Your "time has been spent (or perhaps misspent) in trying 
to become a Jawyer". You are dissatisfied with your "prog- 
ress" You are not pleased with being "very fat." All this, 
I suppose however, may be attributed to that universal cause, 
which operates to make every one discontented, with his own 
lot; and we may ask, with Horace, "Qui fit Maecenas ut 
Nemo," &c. 

The unfortunate disturbance, which took place last winter, 
between the students and professors of this College, if not 
fairly and circumstantialy represented, might induce people 
less acquainted, then yourself with the professors, to draw 


unfavorable and unjust conclusions. That you may do justice 
to both parties, I will give you a relation of facts. You 
"augured ill of their effects" ; I apprehended serious conse- 
quences at the begining, but the storm spent its rage against 
the rocks. 

But to the narrative — A student by the name of Smith, 
who by the by, is a very small man, had been repeatedly in- 
sulted, by the old postmaster, Davis. Smith conceiving, that 
he had no other method of revenge, determined (after he had 
taken a few glasses of wine) to repay Davis in his own coin. 
He accordingly, went to the Post Office, at night, whilst Davis 
was delivering the papers and indulged himself, in the most 
unrestrained and immoderate abuse of D. During the abuse 
and unknown to Smith, Bracken 9 was in the P. Office, and con- 
sequently, witness of S.'s conduct. Davis complained, in the 
morning to the President; and Smith was summoned before 
the Society. Bracken gave in testimony, that S. made use of 
the most profane and obscene language, he ever heard. S. 
plead guilty, but justifiable on the ground of a previous insult, 
and desired the professors to proceed. When they discovered 
that he was resolved to justify his conduct, they did proceed 
to vote an expulsion. Mr. Tucker was not otherwise active, I 
believe, than in examining the witnesses, and declaring his 
opinion. The students were then very much agitated, and did 
not hesitate to censure the conduct of the professors, and 
particularly of Mr. Tucker, some of them declared, that if the 
sentence were not revoked they would publish the injustice of 
the expulsion, and indeed, others went so far as to declare, that 
they would break the judge's windows, if the expulsion were 
continued. A meeting of the students, was however, held, to 
decide on some mode of proceeding in order to obtain a repeal 
of the decree. To this end a committee of five was appointed 
to address the professors. An address was drawn up contain- 
ing a statement of the evils which would result to the object 
of their disapprobation, a declaration of the injustice of the 

Rev. John Bracken was rector of Bruton parish 1773-1818, at vari- 
ous times professor in the College and master of the grammar school 
and was in 1812-14, President of the College. ' 


sentence, and praying a repeal thereof. This was sent first 
to the Bishop, together with depositions, to prove his previous 
insult, and accompanied by a letter from Smith acknowledging, 
that altho he had just cause of resentment against Davis, he 
had chosen an improper time of expressing this resentment. 
After reading these papers, the Bishop sent for me, and de- 
clared that he was desirous, if possible, to revoke the sentence ; 
but that he thought the address of the students calculated 
rather to confirm, than to produce a rescindment of, the decree. 
He expressed a good deal of concern for Smith, and said that 
he was of opinion, that if a proper address was sent in by the 
students, stating the general good conduct of S. (which they 
might have done) and, S. would acknowledge the impropriety 
of his conduct and promise future good behaviour, the sen- 
tence might yet be repealed. Another meeting was called, and 
another address proposed, and rejected. The former was then 
sent to the other professors. Mr. Tucker had the same opinion 
of it with the Bishop. They both declared, that they would 
vote for its being thrown under the table if it came before the 
Society. The professors had a second and a third meeting on 
the occasion, and at length determined to let the business drop 
and S. remain a student. 

You have here a statement of the facts. I will only in jus- 
tice to myself say, that during the transaction, I uniformly 
approved every measure, which would implicate the propriety 
of the professor's conduct. You will now be enabled to judge 
of the conduct both of professors and students. 

Your observations on the motives which should influence 
the conduct of a student of Wm. & Mary meet my most cordial 
approbation. I have before given you my opinion of the 
Bishop. A longer acquaintance has not altered it ; but every act 
of his life tends more to confirm it. At the time that [I] spoke 
of the Bishop, my acquaintance with Tucker, was not sufficient 
to authorize an opinion of his merit. Since then I have 
become as intimately acquainted with him as the shortness of 
time would permit- — I am happy to find your opinion of him, 
so perfectly correspondent with my own. Whatever may be 
said of his hauteur or austerity I believe him to be "J ustum 


et tenacum propositi virum." Whatever vulgar respect, too 
much liberty might command, or whatever praises easy and 
popular manners may deserve, yet 

"An honest man's the noblest work of God" 

Whatever enemies his rigid justice may occasion him, yet 

"Oneself approving hour whole years outweighs 
Of stupid staves [?] and of laud huzzas". 

I have often reflected, and with regret on the exorbitant ex- 
penses of education in this Country, and particularly, on the 
extravagance of the students of William and Mary. To rem- 
edy evils resulting therefrom to my Country, wou'd be a work 
in which I should engage, with peculiar satisfaction. But 
independently of the interest I feel in the welfare of our 
common country, my own circumstances make it a matter of 
primary concern with me to reduce, as much as possible, the 
expenses of education. Such a society, as you mention, might 
probably be effected, had we at College more students whose 
object was rather improvement, than pleasure, and whose 
fortunes made frugality more necessary. But the genius and 
dissipation of our students forbid us to entertain a hope that 
such a society, at this time, be instituted. 

"If in a picture (Watson) you should see 
A handsome woman, with a fishes tail, 
Or a man's head upon a horses neck, 
Or limbs of beasts of the most different kinds 
Covered with feathers of all kinds of birds 
Would you not laugh — " 

The lectures commence tomorrow, on the conclusion of the 
May Vacation. We have had only one lecture on Hydro- 
statics. In that was mentioned, and endeavored to be ex- 
plained the Hydrostatic paradox. It is truly paradoxical. I 
think however it may be explained ; but not on the principles I 
have seen advanced in support of it (viz) "action and re- 
action." It would extend this already long letter, to too great 
a length, were I to attempt explaining my thoughts on the 


subject, and I am sure I could not do it satisfactorily to you 
and [part of page missing] .... satisfied with my investi- 
gations .... [torn] ciple on which it is built .... moving 
bodies. You will .... at, tho', I suppose I am pleased with 
hearing it announced from almost every quarter that Jefferson 
is to be our next president. I only wish that it may not 
be a mistake. What has produced the change ? I suppose 
the number of innocent victims of the oppresive sedition law, 
the repeated and frequent violations of the Constitution, the 
want of that cabalistic term "French Invasion" and perhaps 
the operation of Congressional taxes, have, at length, taught 
the people to reflect and endeavor to avoid the dangerous abyss, 
on the brink of which they have so long tottered. 

I should like to have your opinion of the constitutionality if 
the late election bill passes in Congress. From the slight read- 
ing I have given it, there appears to me palpable infractions 
of the Constitution contained in it. 

Do you think my hand has improved? The last letter I 
wrote to you, was executed in such haste that I could with 
difficulty, read it myself. 

Respects to your father's family. 

[Bottom of page torn; but the letter is in the writing of 
Chapman Johnson]. 
[Address] Cit. David Watson 
Attorney at Law 
Via Charlottesville. 

From Chapman Johnson 

Wmsburg 14th Aug., 1800. 
I was less surprised at seeing F. Harris, tho entirely un- 
expected, than concerned at the unfortunate occasion of his 

journey. My personal acquaintance with Mr. is slight. 

But I was, once, at his house. Under no man's roof, have I 
found greater benevolence and hospitality. I shall never think 
my time and labor badly spent, in alleviating the misfortunes of 


a good man. Mr. is situated in the most commodious 

and agreeable part of that very incommodious and disagreeable 
place, the Hospital. Mr. Gait the keeper, is a man of much 
humanity. From these circumstances we may expect that Mr. 

will pass his time, with as little inconveniance, as the 

nature of his disorder will permit. From the genral opinion 
of the phisicians and others who have seen him, we may hope, 
that the cause removed, the effects will be cured, and he shortly 
restored to his family. 

Since that spell is broken, by which, the young people in 
your neighborhood seemed bound to celibacy, I hope that more 
of you will avail yourselves of your freedom; and disappoint 
expectations of those who anticipate the extinction of the pres- 
ent families, at the Green Springs. You may tell Cousin 
Sally, that, in my opinion, she is fully old enough to be mar- 
ried. Do you think there is any probability that many of your 
lawyers will die, or that the Court Houses will be made larger, 
in the course of two or three years? Because unless one or 
the other event takes place, you will have no room for me, in 
the house, and I should hate to speak to the Court and Jury, 
through the windows. 

I wrote to Shelton that the Bishop had expressed an inten- 
tion of leaving us. He has, now, resolved to continue here 
another course, at all events. It is possible you will see his 
reverence at the Springs ; as he has some expectation of calling 
there, on his return from up the Country. 

I have not commenced my law studies yet ; and I believe 
shall not, until Oct. for I have several books, which I wish to 
read, before I begin, as I shall not have time to read them, 
afterwards. Such are Vattel, Brown on Equality, The Federal- 
ist, &c. For the sake of God, of Man and Myself, I shall en- 
deavor to qualify myself, I will not say for "propagating and 
extending liberty & Equality", but, at least, for understanding 
it, and defending it with whatever abilities nature hath given 
me, or my own exertions can acquire me. But I will not say 
that I will "die in the Center of Old Virginia". For although 
it is my native land, and I now prefer it to every other spot 
in the Universe, and shall with my last life, retain a grateful 


affection for the place, which gave me birth and cherished the 
marking [?] of my life, yet should even Virginia apostatise 
from her Republicanism, I will pursue when I cannot recall, 
the Goddess of Liberty, even if she fly to the pole or the line. 
Ubi ut Libertas, ibi est Patria. 

C. Johnson. 

Tell Shelton, that Mrs. Innes and her sweet daughter, (as 
he calls her and as she really is), send a great deal of love to 
him; that he, as many others of my correspondents, is very 
lazy and you are to know, that I am sole occupant of the Col- 
lege now, and, consequently, a letter is doubly acceptable. 

From Chapman Johnson 

Wmsburg. 27 Oct, 1800. 

To one whose affections are so seriously interested for the 
prosperity of Wm & Mary, as I believe, are yours, it will not 
be unpleasant to hear that, the commencement of the college 
promises a numerous collection of students. On the first 
natural lecture, forty students attended; a number greater 
than can be recollected before by even the Bishop. There 
have returned, here, some of your old acquaintances and I 
believe former fellow students. Among them are Jo. Cabell 
and Isaac Coles. Since you know Cabell it is needless for me 
to tell you, I think him clever. Seems to possess, all that 
strength of mind, that scientific ardor, that unremitting appli- 
cation, necessary to form the wise man; and all that com- 
municative disposition, and agreeable manner, which render 
his knowledge useful to others, and make him respectable 
and respected, amiable and beloved. Remember I am de- 
scribing a man with whom I have been but a little while ac- 
quainted. If I have exaggerated his virtues, it is perhaps, 
because my little knowledge of him, hath not enabled me to 
discover his vices. 

The students are about to institute a Society, upon a model 
not frequently practiced here; but which, I think almost the 


only one, that can be of material advantage to the members. 
It will be organized on the principles of a legislative assembly, 
as far as the rules will be applicable. The Bishop will be 
President. It is his desire that the doors shall be open to 
every body. This I believe will not go down with the stu- 
dents. A society formed thus, whose rules will resemble those 
of our legislature, and at whose head is a man, who will, by 
his presence, command the members into order, respect and 
awe, will, I flatter myself, be attended with every advantage 
possibly desirable from institutions of this kind. He who 
wishes to make himself conversant in the proceedings of a 
legislative body, or aspires at the seat of a legislator, may 
more familiarize himself with their rules and acquire an inter- 
esting qualification for a representative. If any be ani- 
mated with the charme of true eloquence, here may he pursue 
her without danger of falling into the fatal but too attractive 
snares of false show and splendid bombast. 

I have at length commenced the study of the Law. I have 
read Littleton's text once and am reading it again. I find some 
difficulties, which (if I can only solve them) serve but to 
heighten my pleasure, and increase my ardor. Indeed I feel 
so deep an interest in the Study, and swallow the dry stuff 
with so voracious an appetite that I really hope to be a lawyer, 
in time, if application will make me one. 

C. Johnson. 

[Addressed] David Watson, Atto. at Law, Louisa. 

Via Charlottesville. 

From Chapman Johnson 

Wmsburg 20th Feby. 1801. 
My Dear Sir 

Though you have, for a long time been much in arrears to 
me, I do not write to complain. You have no doubt had busi- 
ness on hand, sufficient to engage your whole thougths. 
Whenever an interval of leisure shall arrive, you will perhaps 


(or you may) repay by a few moments of attention, whole 
months of forgetfulness. 

Your brother informed me, today, that he supposed you 
were, by this time, under the dominion of that deity, so fear- 
ful to the people of your country. I shall not offend your 
ears with any of the usual compliments on such occasions. 
If you cannot appreciate my interest in your happiness you 
will hardly accredit my warmest professions, or relish my 
sincerest congratulatins. Believing, however, that you are an 
admirer of the Muses, I should have attempted an Epatha- 
lamium, but for two reasons. First I thought it would arrive 
too late, and secondly my muse was entirely unkind. 

You are, I am informed, a candidate for popular favor. I 
sincerely wish, that you may meet with the success you surely 
merit. But, unfortunately for the country, a sistem of elec- 
tioneering intrigue has become to generally prevalent. I be- 
lieve and trust, that you are not disposed to countenence it. 
It is, in my opinion, nothing less than direct bribery. It is the 
same species, tho' a different degree, of that reprobated con- 
duct, pursued by the British Ministers in Parliamentary elec- 
tions (excuse harsh terms). Conduct like this, has great 
influence on all our Elections. This renders it difficult for 
the most eminent talents to rise into notice unless they will 
first descend into the lowest intrigues. I know you have op- 
ponents who will not hesitate to avail themselves of every 
assistance, which unmanly condescension or Whiskey can 
afford them. But it is time that Virginians, free and inde- 
pendent Virginians should shake off those disgraceful remains 
of aristocratic venality. There is some honor in the unbought 
suffrage of a free people: But I am at a loss to discover the 
credit which can attach to an election, purchased at the ex- 
pense of ones candor as a citizen and dignity as a man. 

The alarming situation of the Fed. government, employs 
much of the attention of the people of this place. Anxiety and 
solicitude mark every countenence. But I suppose and hope 
that we are only participants of the feelings of America. This 
evenings mail we hope will bring us something decisive. We 
expected it the last; but were doubly disappointed. As the 


stage drove through town, some devotee of Bacchus proclaimed 
through the street "J e fr* erson is elected". I heard the pleasing 
sound ; joining the general exultation, I hurried to the Post 
office in hopes to find the news confirmed by something authen- 
tic. We were sorely disappointed. The authority of all our 
transports was a drunken wag, and the Northern mail had not 
arrived ! A good deal chagrined, I was returning to College, 
but thinking it not criminal to share my disappointment with 
my neighbors, I desired Mr. Andrews' servant to inform that 
Jefferson was elected. Andrews was deceived. He seemed 
much hurt at the defeat of his party. After a little time, he 
disclosed a secret which he had, hitherto, very cautiously pre- 
served. He told the company that his friend Mr. Evans had 
written him that the Fed's, in Congress, meant to hold out 
untill they were convinced that the Demos, would not yield and 
that then, rather than endanger the union they would elect 
Mr. Jefferson. When Andrews discovered the deception, he 
was exceedingly hurt. If you are acquainted with Mr. An- 
drews' political prejudices you will enjoy the joke. He is the 
greatest aristocrat I ever saw. 

Yours earnest Friend 

C. Johnson. 
[Addressed] David Watson Esq. 
Atto. at Law 
Mail via Charlottesville. 

From Joseph C. Cabell. 

Williamsburg, April 6th, 1801. 
Dear Watson : — 

Our friend Isaac A. Coles is now on the eve of bidding a 
final adieu to the College and of returning once more to the 
mountains of Albemarle. He will probably meet you at Car- 
ter's Trial. I have therefore an agreeable opportunity of in- 
forming you that your welcome favor of the 13th January 
has been now to my shame for several months in my posses- 


sion. Perhaps you will doubt my sincerity in declaring that 
your letter was received with the warmest satisfaction. I am 
willing to submit to your severest reproaches for ceasing to 
write to you immediately on my arrival at a place where my 
letters would have given you most pleasure. The rapidity of 
the lectures, the necesity of attending constantly to some cor- 
respondents at Home probably form no sufficient excuse in 
your opinion. The only atonement which I shall offer is to 
address you as I have always done, in the style and with the 
feelings of an intimate friend. I shall always remember the 
conversation that passed between us when we were last to- 
gether at Charlottesville. You then discovered my solicitude 
once more to revisit the College, my plans of study until the 
time of my return and my fixed determination to shun the 
gay scenes of pleasure and dissipation as long as I should 
remain in Williamsburg. At this late period of the course I 
often look back upon the time that has intervened and smile 
to see how differently things have happened from what I had 
expected. You will laugh to hear that scarcely a single Ball 
or Party of pleasure has escaped me. Instead also of pur- 
suing a wide range of reading, my attention has been almost 
entirely confined to a few writers on the Law. My Trunk 
has been constantly stored with a variety of literature, but my 
Table has seldom contained more than Blackstone, Coke and 
the Virginia Laws. How impossible is it for us to say today 
what we will do tomorrow? how infinitely more wise it is to 
commit ourselves to futurity unshackled by unchangeable reso- 
lutions and under the guidance of a judgment that will be 
regulated by circumstances. I do not regret the manner in 
which I have spent my time since my arrival here. Although 
my own expectations have not been answered yet I have the 
degraded satisfaction to find that others seem to have done but 
little with all the assistance of genius and application. It seems 
to me Watson as if we are much more liable to be deceived in 
our own calculations after we begin the study of the Law 
than at any other stage whatever in education. I remember 
when I used to be astonished to hear that any young man 
was not a good lawyer after two years reading; and it is not 


long since I supposed that to be skilled in the Law required 
no extraordinary effort of genius. But my mind has totally 
changed on these subjects. I begin to see that it requires much 
time, reflection, reading and experience to become well ac- 
quainted with the law, and that the really great lawyer must 
combine in himself some of the handsomest Talents of the 
Human mind. You may remember that a notion formerly 
prevailed here that a student of Law should make the study of 
his profession subservient to that of politics. This opinion 
however seems not to prevail here this course, but has yielded 
to one perhaps much more rational. The general opinion at 
this time appears to be that students of Law should devote 
their time partly to legal acquirements, partly to the pursuit of 
general Science, and but partially to the Science of govern- 
ment. It is really remarkable that the taste of the students 
here in favor of particular books and opinions varies as often 
as the fashions in the polite world. The Christian Religion 
is not as formerly a subject of general discussion, the science 
of metaphysicks no longer engages the affections of the young 
men, political investigation has become less fashionable, and 
Godwins Political Justice is read only to two or three of the 
students. The College however is still famous for Republican- 
ism. You cannot imagine with what Paroxysms of Joy we 
received the news of Mr. Jeffersons election. I suppose how- 
ever that your Brother has given you an account of our pro- 
ceedings. He was appointed to deliver an oration on the 4th 
of March but was unfortunately taken sick and did not recover 
till it was too late to make the necessary preparation. The 
taste for Societies has raged to a prodigious extent among us 
throughout the winter and the junior students in particular 
seem to have delighted in forming and destroying them. In 
the course of last fall Mr. Madison was elected President of 
a very general society composed of the whole number of stu- 
dentss, but this institution as you may naturally expect, existed 
but a very short time even under his auspices. The Bishop 
was much pleased at being requested to take the chair of this 
society, took an uncommon interest in its welfare, and was 
prodigiously wounded when it failed of success. After the 


commencement of Mr. Tucker's lectures, the whole of his 
class withdrew from the speaking clubs and since that time 
have been totally cut off from that species of improvement. 
The Judge shortly before his departure gave us the plan of a 
law society and advised us to remain in Williamsburg till July 
for the purpose of assisting each other in the prosecution of 
our studies. But the plan although a very judicious one has 
not been attempted on account of its requiring a greater 
knowledge of the mode of judicial proceedings than we pos- 
sess. Besides most of the chaps are taking their leave of the 
College. That party spirit which too unfortunately pervades 
even this enlightened seminary has prevailed to a very incon- 
siderable degree this winter. All the respectable young men 
have held together and lived in perfect harmony. We have 
had several Balls and Parties during the winter but the old city 
has been remarkably dull this course, principally I [suppose 
on] account of the great dearth of Beauty in the female sex 
[torn] visits and fire-side-conversations have succeeded in a 
great measure to dacing and dining parties. I shall probably 
remain here till the middle of June about which time I shall 
return to my Father's. And before I conclude let me felicitate 
you on your matrimonial union with the sister of our amiable 
friend G. Minor. I look forward to the day when I am to 
follow your example as the happiest period of my existence. 
Although I have still to find the woman who will be the chosen 
object of my affections yet the prospect of a happy marriage 
brightens the morning of my life and will gild the setting hours 
of my existence. 

Yours very since friend 

Jos. C. Cabell. 

From Chapman Johnson 

Wmsburg 24 Jan. 1802. 
My dear Watson 

I should much more frequently indulge myself, in the pleas- 
ure of writing to you, did the nature of my occupations suffer 


me to pursue my own inclination. Hard necessity confines my 
attention, almost solely, to investigations, entirely uninterest- 
ing, perhaps unimproving, and certainly loathsome, to my 
mind. Philosophy, history and Belle lettre, are strangers to 
my thoughts. Scarcely can the great political questions, which 
agitate our country, attract a few moments of my reflection. 
When I would write to my friends, my thoughts can, with 
difficulty, be lead from their occustomed course. I could, with 
ease and at length, descant on the abstractions [ ?] and irregu- 
larity of Coke, the perspicuity and system of Blackstone, the 
inaccuracies of the V. laws, and the glorious uncertainly of 
the whole science of Law. But I believe you would be as 
little interested with reading, as I should be with writing, such 
remarks. I must leave revision to the Legislature. 

I trust you will not leave Richmond without giving me some 
further information on the subject of my last letter to you. 1J 
We are told, that a serious alarm has been lately experienced 
in Notaway. In Williamsburg we have had a slight (though 
I believe an unfounded) apprehension of disturbance. Is it not 
miserable, is it not shameful, is it not unworthy the character 
of Virginians, or of men, thus to live the unsafe trembling 
tyrants of an unhappy people? The subject almost deprives 
me of moderation. 

I observe that Munford's Chancery bill has been lost. The 
very little acquaintance I have with the organization of our 
Chancery system, is sufficient to inform me, that some change 
is necessary. On the propriety of any particular alteration, I 
am, by no means, qualified to judge. I confess I have never 
been able to discover the great excellence of a system, which 
will deny to a man in one court, that justice, which he may 
rightfully demand, in another ; nor, when I have divested my- 
self of the character and the feelings of a Lawyer, have I ever 
reverenced that misterious veil which high wrought legal 
technicality has thrown over the plainest principles of Justice. 

10 If our colleague, the late Beverley B. Munford, had known of this 
strong expression in regard to slavery made by a talented young man, 
afterwards famous in the state as a lawyer, he would certainly have 
included it in his "Virginia's Attitude towards Slavery and Secession". 


I have not paid sufficient attention to Munford's bill, clearly 
to comprehend its object; nor do I know enough of the prac- 
tice of our courts to estimate its effect on our Jurisprudence. 
But I had apprehended that the Bill did not go to the entire 
consolidation of Law and Equity. I had believed that, pre- 
serving the distinction between Law and Equity, equitable 
relief had best been placed in different hands and rendered 
accessible by different avenues. The Constitution, perhaps, 
requires the distinction. I have heard learned gentlemen ex- 
press great apprehensions of confusion, from the progress of 
this bill. I have heard it called 'A Bill for the abolition of 
legal certainty". On the justice of this remark, I am incom- 
petent to determine. I am happy that an emendatory bill of 
some kind has passed your house. But is there not danger 
from the refractory Senate? I hear that they are desiring to 
amend. Will they hazard the bill? 

I am in an ill humor with the Senate [page torn] .... 
their negative on the Convention bill. After Brokenborough's 
amendment, what rational objection could be urged against it? 
Wherefore this vain fear of Conventions ? Have not Conven- 
tions 11 formed the Constitutions of America from New Hamp- 
shire to Georgia? There are but two exceptions. The exam- 
ple of Pensylvania is held up in terrorem, to frighten us from 
Convention. The history of that state affords the strongest 
proof of the little danger, with which a republican people may 
approach the sanctuary of government. Pensylvania made an 
experiment of a constitution which did not succeed. But when 
its defects were discovered, how easily were they remedied? 
But is [so?] clamorous Virginians are not less republican than 
other people. Whilst the flame of republicanism burns [word 
illegible] amongst us, there is no danger, but the elected con- 
vention will be guided by the light. But we are particularly 
happy; Wherefore reform? The Constitution, the basis of our 
political happiness is undoubtedly defective; and however 
specious present appearances our security is certainly pre- 
carious. The proudest edifice, if its foundation be decayed, 

II In spite of not infrequent agitation, no constitutional convention 
met in Virginia until 1829-30. 


may command the applause and admiration of the distant ob- 
server, but can only impress, with regret and alarm, the more 
accurate observer of its defects. I am so forcibly [im- 
pressed?], with the propriety of calling a convention that I 
have thought the House of Delegates would do well to recom- 
mend it to the consideration of the people. 

C. Johnson. 
[Address] David Watson, 


From Francis W. Gilmer 12 

Richmond, Octr. 23d. 1818. 
Dear Majr. 

Tho' you and I have been little together, and were not of 
an age to be very familiar even if we had, I was raised with 
a sort of hereditary esteem for one who was an early favorite 
of my parents, & family. I therefore claim all the privileges 
which that friendship, increased by our military campaign 13 
can give to call your attention to a review of the Old Bachelor 

12 Francis Walker Gilmer was son of Dr. George Gilmer, of "Pen 
Park," Albemarle County, and his wife Lucy, daughter of Dr. Thomas 
Walker, of "Castle Hill," in the same county. He studied, first at 
Georgetown College, Washington, and afterwards at William and Mary, 
William Wirt, who was a fellow student, and was later his brother-in- 
law, said that "in learning he is a prodigy. He had been removed from 
school to school in different parts of the country — had met at all those 
places with different collections of old books, of which he was always 
fond, and seemed also to have command of his father's medical library, 
which he read in the original Latin. It was curious to hear a boy of 
seventeen years of age speaking with fluency, and even with manly elo- 
quence, and quoting such names as Boehaave, Van Helmont, Van 
Sweiten, together with Descartes, Gassendi, Newton, and Locke, and 
discanting on the System of Linnaeus with the familiarity of a veteran 
professor" (Bruce's University of Virginia, I, 345). His brilliant 
talents and extraordinary literary and ^scientific culture, raised high 
expectations in regard to him ; but frail health and a distaste for public 
life prevented them from being fulfilled. In 1824 he went abroad to 
secure professors for the University. An admirable account is given 
by Dr. Bruce (University of Virginia, 344 et seq.) of Gilmer's life and 
his mission. He died in 1826. 

13 David Watson was an officer in Virginia forces in the War of 1812, 
and F. W. Gilmer must have served witn him. 

Francis Walker Gilmer 

From photograph of portrait 

at the University of Virginia. 


in the Analectic Magazine for August. The review is by 
Walsh 1 * unquestionably the first critic of our country. He 
has given a large share of personal praise to Mr. Wirt which 
cannot fail to be gratifying to his friends. He says "we can- 
not forbear singling out again the 33d. No. which we are in- 
clined to view, on the whole as the master piece of the Old 
Bachelor. The dramatic energy, & deep pathos of the com- 
position, attest powers which would insure a brilliant career 
to him as votary of the tragic muse." Now who wrote the 
33d. No. you and I can at least guess. I concur with my 
friend Walsh in thinking it augurs a dramatic cast of genius 
which even in this mid-summer — for I will not call it autumn 
of life should be cultivated. Suppose you loosen the reins of 
your imagination & produce us a play for the theatre which 
will soon be opened here. I am ambitious that the Old Do- 
minion should make the first offering to the muse of tragedy — 
as it has already done to eloquence. Your pen should not be 
idle — write something — If I can provoke you to do so I shall 
claim to have done good service to the literature of our coun- 

Accept this testimony of my esteem in the spirit in which 
it is offered — and believe me ever 

Yours sincere friend 

F. W. Gilmer. 

[Addressed] Majr. David Watson, Louisa Ct. House, Va. 

14 No. 33 of "The Old Bachelor", stated here to have been written 
by David Watson, treats of the evils of gambling. After the fashion of 
the old essayists the papers in this work were headed by quotations 
deemed suitable to the subject. David Watson selected the following; 

"Medo reges atque tretrachus 

Omnia magna loquens; modo sit menses, tripes est 
Concha sali pari, et toga quae defendere frigus 
Onamvis crass queat". 

Hor. Sat. v. 12." 


From Francis W. Gilmer 

Edinburgh, 26th. July 1824. 
My dear Major, 

I think you must be nearly as much astonished to receive a 
letter from me dated "Edinburgh" as you would from the other 
world. Indeed I little imagined, when I was condoling with 
you over your rheumatism last summer, that I now should be 
here : and being here, I hardly know by what impulse or asso- 
ciation it is, that I determine to write to you — so it is, I have, 
and you make take my letter for better or worse. 

It is now about six weeks since I first set foot on British 
soil, and tho' I have received every where, the most flattering 
attentions, and shall return liking these trans-Atlantic cousins 
of ours, much better than I did before I saw them, I am 
already home-sick. If a Scotchman loves his flinty hills, 
veiled in eternal mist, well may I, the sunny fields, the red 
hills, the brown shade, the blue sky of Albemarle. Believe me, 
there is nothing in England or Scotland, for natural beauty, 
for genial climate, Etc., comparable to Albemarle or the 
Greensprings. Grass grows here with luxuriance & richness, 
which always gives a fine appearance to the fields ; but their 
crops of all kinds, seem to be produced almost entirely by the 
manure annually spread on the surface ; and withal, they are 
scarcily more abundant than with us, in a fine season. Here 
they never suffer for rain, the clouds are an inexhaustible 
source of fertility to their fields, they do (and much better) for 
the British, what is done in other countries, at incredible 
expense, by irrigation. But I have always heard England 
spoken of as a continual bed of natural fertility. No such 
thing, I assure you, "except in the book". I saw in Suffolk, 
a greater extent of hopeless sterility, than I ever did, even in 
the barrens of Fluvanna. For near twenty miles, it is a per- 
fect caput mortum, naked and bare, and penetrated by rabbits 
into a honey comb — not a bush, or tree, to be seen. Even 
Norfolk, so famous for its agriculture, is at last a bed of sand, 
on which they put manure as thick as we do in our garden 


beds — here they produce turnips, rear sheep, wool & mutton 
sell for an incredible price, they make money, & boast of their 
soil. I assure you Mr. Coke 15 has no soil equal to Brackets; 
and if you could send your wool and mutton to London, you 
would beat Holkham. Let us go on, "increase and multiply," 
and we shall still be "the great nation." 

While we value the soil of G. B. too highly, we under-rate 
their people. The English are exceedingly neat, frugal, indus- 
trious and obliging; exactly our old Virginia boys over again. 
You see hundreds of rosy cheek'd well dressed, country girls, 
turning hay; a circumstance I confess, which rather shocked 
my gallantry at first, having been accustomed to see only 
slaves at such occipations. The Scotch are more forbidding 
in their appearance, the women are brown, ill shaped, bare 
footed etc. and Edinburgh still retains very respectable traces 
of the original quality, which gave rise to the story of "ah 
sweet Edinburgh" etc. That apart, it is magnificently built. 
The houses are large, the stone the most beautiful I ever saw, 
the scenery round about wild & striking — Arthur's seat — the 
crags, the sea, the castle, Hollyrood etc. are all picturesque 
& romantic. Neither the Scotch nor the English appear to 
me, to have as much natural shrewdness, and penetration as 
our own country people, nor have the Scotch any great learn- 
ing to boast of. The English by their vast libraries, and 
devoting their long lives unremittingly to one line of study 
accumulate prodigious erudition. I was several days with 
old Dr. Parr, the greatest scholar living — and ceased to won- 
der at his learning, when I recollected, that for near 70 years 
he has been poring over Aristotle, Homer, Cicero, Virgil, etc. 
etc. If I can succeed in this mission, I shall to claim to have 
done the best service which any son of Virginia (next 
to Gen. Washington) has ever conferred on his country: I 
have great hopes I shall succeed : in laying the foundation for 
a real library (of which there is none in America) I certainly 

15 Thomas William Coke (1754-1842) created Earl of Leicester 1837, 
but better known as "Coke of Holkham" from his celebrated estate in 
Norfolk. He was a famous agriculturist and introduced many improve- 
ments in cultivation and stock-raising. "Bracketts" was Major Wat- 
son's home in Louisa County. 


will : and that is the first step towards making scholars : had I 
lived in a great library, I should have known something, even 
without instruction. The professor of oriental languages at 
Cambridge was a carpenter, — his house and tools were burnt, 
and then it was discovered, he had without instruction, be- 
come one of the most learned orientalists in the world. But 
unless the few men of education who remain in Virginia, unite 
all their breath into one of these patent blow-pipes, & throw a 
heavy stream on the spark, it will expire. I call upon you 
therefore, from the haunt of the Scottish muse, to do your 
utmost towards the "revival of letters" in Virginia. 

Meanwhile God protect you from rheumatism & all other 

Yours most truly 

F. W. Gilmer. 
D. Watson, Esqr. 

What of our young ward — it was he I believe who put me 
to writing this letter — can we do ought for him? — let us rear 
him up as a man of letters for the university ! ! 
[Addressed] David Watson esqr., Louisa Court House — 
Virginia (U. States) 






Petition of Stauber and Others. 

To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations 

The humble Petition of Jacob Stauber, John Ochs, Ezekiel 
Harlan and Thomas Gould 


That the said Jacob Stauber and Ezekiel Harlan having 
lived upwards of twenty Years in Pensilvenia, following Hus- 
bandry of which they have a perfect understanding, and also 
are well acquainted with the nature of the land in those parts, 
and what it is most capable of producing. 

That the said Jacob Stauber hath lately taken a Journey into 
Virginia on purpose to make a search after some uninhabited 
Land behind the Mountains of that Province, which are about 
thirty Miles over, and but one place fit to make a road, after 
he had passed these Mountains with much pains, great diffi- 
culty and hazard of Life without any Company or seeing any 
Indian in all his Travells, he spent three Months time to View 
the Soyl and Situation of the Land dying Westward to the 
said Mountains towards Missisipy River, which Land he found 
to be good Pasture Ground fitt for planting of Vineyards on 
the side of the Mountains and a very good Soyle for Hemp, 
Flax, and all sorts of Grain, a proper climate to produce Silk 
and a good prospect to make Salt Petre, and Potash. Your 
Lordships are doubtless fully perswaded that it will be of 
great importance to the Crown and Interest of the Nation 
that these Dominions may be enlarged beyond the Mountains 
to the West for the following Considerations. 


I st If it is neglected to extend the bounds of Great Britain 
beyond these Mountains to the West, it is probable that the 
ffrench in a short time may take possession thereof and if so 
the English Nation will Loose this fine opportunity. 
2 nd In Settling a Colony beyond these Mountains extending 
as far as the River Missisipy, the French Settlements of Mis- 
sisipy and Canada would thereby be prevented to Join to- 
gether, as there Intention is, (So to doe) which will be of 
great Prejudice to this Kingdom 

3 rd The Strength of the Subjects of this Kingdom in America 
would be considerably encreased by carrying over a great 
number of Germans and Swiss Protestants who will be Chiefly 
such as can provide for themselves at their own Charge, which 
are alsoe reputed to be a good Militia. 

4 This Colony would be obliged to apply themselves chiefly 
by reason of the distant Land Carriage upon such productions 
as are very much desired in this Kingdom Viz t Hemp, Flax, 
Silk, Potash, Salt Petre with other valuable Commodities in 
which the Germans and Swissers are particularly skilled in, 
(Except the Silk) the expectation of which Commodities from 
other Colonies hath hitherto not answered, it would also con- 
siderably Augment our Trade by consuming a good quantity 
of the Manufactures of this Kingdom and employ more Ship- 

In Consideration of these Advantages, if Your Lordships 
would be pleased to approve off y e same and influence that the 
Government would be graciously pleased to grant a Joint 
Patent of a Free Grant for the following Tract of Land to 
your Petitioners and their Heirs for ever, to begin at the 
double Top Mountain 4 by Hawks Bill Creek including the 
Mountains through which the road is to be made, to go thence 
Northwards in a line to the Borders of Pensilvania and behind 
the same, to make the whole breadth 200 Miles, thence in a 
Straight West line to the River Missisipy in length for the 
North side, and a Straight West Line from the double Top 
Mountain to the said River for the South side. 

4 The two headed mountains here mentioned were Stony Man and 
the Hawksbill in the present county of Page, Virginia. They are 
among the highest summits of the Blue Ridge in Virginia. 


That your Petitioners offer to undertake by the blessing of 
God the Settlement of this Colony without any Charge to the 
Government, notwithstanding the great difficultys that attend 
it, which hitherto neither the Inhabitants of Virginia nor any 
Person have attempted to undertake by reason of the difficulty 
of the Passage and the apprehensions of being so farr seper- 
ated from Virginia by the Mountains, alsoe the great Ex- 
pences of making a Road 30 Miles long through the Moun- 
tains, which will be a Charge of some Thousands of pounds 
where about half a Mile the same must be Cutt in a Rock to 
make it passable, and the trouble of bringing the People 
Eighty Miles from the Navigable River to the Place of Settle- 
ment, And for the Security against the Indians, wee will pur- 
chase the Land and friendship of them with considerable 
presents whereby they will not only be peaceable Neighbours 
but assist us against any distant Indians that may be induced 
to disturb us in our Settlement. 

That Your Pet rs intend alsoe to Settle themselves at the 
begining in the Colony, and to use their utmost endeavours to 
Support the same by their presence that it may be Established, 
secured and Encreased with as much Expedition as possible, 
but being so far seperated from Virginia by the Mountains, tis 
humbly desired that it may be a seperate Colony and Govern- 
ment under the name of Georgia. 

That your Pet 1 * Jacob Stauber humbly beggs leave to lay 
before Your Lordships that he hath Employed much time and 
Expences in searching out this Land and making a Voyage 
hither and is here at Expences to Stay only for Your Lord- 
ships resolution. 

Therefore his humble desire is to know the same as soon 
as it may conveniently be without long delay for if it be ap- 
proved of by Your Lordships, he intends to go without delay 
to Germany and Swisserland to gett people ready and goe 
from thence with them to Virginia. 

All which is Submitted to Your Lordships wise Judgment 
and Approbation. 

Endorsed : — 


Virginia. The humble Petition of Jacob Stauber, John 
Ocks, Ezekiel Harlaw and Thomas Gould concerning a Colony 
on the Backside of Virginia 

Rec d 
March 30 th 1731. 

R: 13! 

Petition of Stauber and Others. 

Record Office, London. B. T. Virginia. Vol. 19. R. 140. 

To the Right Hon ble The Lords Comiss rs for Trade and Plan- 

May it Please your Lordships 

Wee being well apprised of Sir William Keith's know- 
ledge in all the Affairs of America and of the respect the 
Germans already setled in those Parts as well as the Indians 
bear to the name and charracter of that Gentleman If it 
should (as wee humbly hope by your Lordships favour it will) 
be his Majestys pleasure To Grant the Tract of Land which 
has been Proposed in our former Petition to your Lordships, 
and wee having obtained Sir W m Keith's consent Doe Humbly 
Move that the said Sir W m Keith bar 1 may be first named along 
with us in any such Pattent or Grant from the Crown, hoping 
that his assistance may be of great use to the Publick as well 
as to may it Please your Lordships 
Yours Lordships very Humble and most Obedient Servants 

Tho: Gould [autogr. 

Jacob Stauber ( " ) 

John Ochs ( " ) 

Ezekiel Harlan ( " )] 
April 8 th 1 73 1 




Mem 1 from Mr. Stauber and others con- 
cern'd in the Pet tn for a Tract of Land be- 
hind y e Great Mountains, desiring S r W m 
Keith may be first-nam'd the propos'd 

R: 140. 

Rec d 


9 th 




11 th 




COURT, 1622-1629 

(From the Originals in the Library of Congress) 

(Continued from p. 51) 

A Court at James Citty the 7 th of ffebruary 1627 

Capt: ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno r &c. 
Docto r Pott M r Secretary 

Capt Smyth Capt Tucker 

Capt Mathewes M r ffarrar. 

Peter Climgeon aged 26 yeares borne in the p r ish of S 1 
Olives in Southwarke neare London sworne & examined sayth 
that about the sixteenth day of January, he being at the house 
of M r Edward Grindon, heard Will'm Mills confesse that he 
had carryed a certaine quantity of sugar & Currants unto the 
house of John Tyos, & likewise six paire of shoes & one shirt 
& further sayth that y 6 said Will'm Mills did say that he was 
bound to curse them that had enticed him to it, & this is all 
that this examinate can say. 

John Tyos aged 26 yeares borne at Lowe Layden in Essex 
confesseth as followeth, viz, that Will'm Mills in the Christmas 
holydayes last did bring into this examinates house two hens, 
whom this examinate asked where he had them, Will'm Mills 
answered, that he bredd upp three henns & a capon of his 
owne, whereof his Mistris had killed one w ch caused him to 
kill the other two & brought them unto this examinates house, 
saying that there was noe keeping of henns at his Masters 
house, for my Mistris will kill them all, & further this exam- 
inate confesseth that the two henns were dressed & eaten at 
his house : And about some 4 dayes after this examinate con- 


fesseth that the said Will'm Mills did bring into his house, one 
blacke capon, w ch was likewise dressed & eaten at his house: 
flurther this examinate sayth that the sayd Will'm Mills & 
others did play at his house at cards for henns, at w ch time the 
sayd Will'm Mills did loose two henns w ch were w th in 3 or 4 
dayes after brought to this examinat's house & dressed & 
eaten there, And further this examinate sayth that the said 
Will'm Mills offered to sell unto him six paire of shoes w ch he 
refused, in regard he had not ready Tobacco to pay for them, 
Whereuppon Thomas Hall did buy the sayd shoe, And alsoe 
this examinate confesseth, that there was a parcell of Tobacco 
brought into the sayd Hall his house but how or when it was 
brought he knoweth not, & this is all that this examinate con- 

Jane the wife of John Tyos aged about 22 yeares borne 
at Wombarne in Staffordshire, examined confesseth that the 
aforesaid Will'm Mills did at severall times bring poultry into 
her house but knoweth not hay many, w ch were there dressed 
& eaten; & further shee confesseth that the said Will'm Mills 
did bring a certaine quantity of sugar & Currants in a bagg 
unto her house when Edward Allen, John Edwards, & Tho: 
Hall & others of M r Grindons servants were there present 
soe this examinate & her husband, did then goe to church & 
did leave the rest there, ffurther this examinate confesseth 
that the said Mills did bring once or twise certaine Currants 
in his pockett w ch he did eate & give away, shee further sayth 
that there was one shirte & shoes in her house, but how & by 
what meanes they came she knoweth not. 

Tho : Hall aged about 26 yeares borne at Wisbige in Cam- 
bridgshire examined, sayeth that Will'm Mills did at severall 
times bring certaine poultry unto the house of John Tios w ch 
were there eaten, but how many there was he knoweth not; 
further this Examinate confesseth that Jane the wife of John 
Tios did bring a napkin into him and willed him to sowe it & 
make a bagg of it to carry currants w ch shee told this exam- 
inate the said Mills had bought of M* Grindon his Master 
This Examinate further confesseth that he bought seaven 


paire of shoes of the said Mills for 2 1. & y 2 of Tobacco a 
paire, & that the said Mills told him he had the shoes at 
Chapookes Creeke Allso he sayth he bought a shirte for 6 1. of 
Tobacco, & this is all that this examinate confesseth. 

At the Court was brought in Will'm Mills servant unto M r 
Edward Grindon of Grindons Hill who haveing been exam- 
ined concerning the stealing of certaine Tobacco shoes Cur- 
rants & suger from his said Master, his examination was 
read: The Gouerno r demaunded if there were any inditem* 
preferred ag st him by any one, And the Provost Marshal 
openly made Proclamation of the same, And none being 
found the Court thought fitt to adjuge him for his fault to 
be wipped at the cartes taile from y^ Towne unto y e Gallowes 
& backe againe. 

At this time allsoe was brought in John Tios, & Jane his 
wife & Thomas Hall, who appeareth unto y e Court to be 
accessoryes unto y e theft of the said Will'm Mills, And there 
being noe inditem 1 brought in or preferred ag 1 any of them: 
the Court hath adjudged that the said John Tios shall receave 
40 stripes at the whipping post, & the sayd Thomas Hall to 
receave in like sort 40 strippes more: And the Court doth 
discharge & free the said Jane Tios it being most probable that 
she was drawne thereunto by the will & power of her husband, 
& in expectation of her amendm* of her life hereafter. 

7 th ffebruary 162/. 

Uppon the request of Rich: Stevens, Marchant, the Court 
hath thought good to take the oath of Randall Smallwood, 
Provost Marshall, concerning the praysing of the goods of 
Henry Jacob, Minister, deceased. 

Randall Smallwood, Provost Marshal, sworne & examined 
sayth that about five yeares since, hee this examinate being 
appointed by S r fTrancis Wyatt then governor to appraize the 
goods of Henry Jacob, Minister, deceased, together w th M r 
Bucke then Minister of James Citty he this examinate & the 
said M r Bucke did praise all the goods of what kind soever 
they could by any means find out, And sayth that he well 


remembreth that they did then praise the same at 3 s the pound 
in Tobacco, as the custome usually then was in all appraise- 
ments: And this deponent farther sayeth that there was an 
Inventory of the same delivered unt othe Governo r S r ffrancis 
Wyatt, and that both he this deponent & the said Richard 
Bucke did sett their hands unto the same. 

The Court taking the aforesaid businesse of the estate of 
Henry Jacob Minister deceased into their consideration, And 
finding that there hath formerly been a Com'ission of Admin- 
istration uppon the said estate graunted unto Rich: Stevens, 
Marchant, by S r flrancis Wyatt Kn* then Governo r , and a bond 
of good securitie to save the Court harmlesse therein taken 
from the said Richard Stevens, that soe if afterwards it might 
appeare to whom the said Estate did justly belonge, the same 
might be delivered unto them by the said Richard Stevens: 
Now whereas Sara the widdow of the said Henry Jacob hath 
by her letter of Atturny & some other letters now produced 
in Court, made meanes to know at what price & rate the goods 
of the said estate were praised the Court hath thought good 
on the behalfe of y* said Richard Stevens by these presents to 
testify that then it was the usuall custome to praise all dead 
mens estates at 3 s the pound in Tobacco: And whereas the 
Court doth not perceive by the aforesaid letters of Atturny 
or ye other letters that the said Sara widdow of y e said Henry 
Jacob, doth at all purpose to have the estate of her husband 
sent home in any shipps at this time rideing in this river, it is 
thought fitt that the said Rich: Stevens shall give n a new 
bond w th good securitye, that hereafter the said estate may be 
delivered unto thos eto whom it shall appeare lawfull[y] to 
belonge or appertaine: And whereas the said Estate was 
praysed as aforesaid at 3 s p r pound of Tobacco & thereuppon 
the whole estate, as appeareth by the Inventory delivered into 
the Court uppon the oath of y* said Richard Stevens amounteth 
unto 223, 1.— 07 s — 04 d 'W'ch the said Richard Stevens is by 
the opinion of the Court, all charges deducted, to pay in 
Tobacco at 3 s the pound. 


James Citty the 8 th of ffebruary 1627. present 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Docto r Pott M r Secretary. 

Capt Smyth Capt Tucker. 

Capt Mathewes M r ffarrar. 

At this Court the Estate of M r Daniell Lacey deceased was 
taken into consideration, & his papers & bookes of accounts 
brought into the Court whereuppon, for the better disposing 
& ordering of the estate & that such debts as are oweing vnto 
any persons may be payd, it is ordered that A Com'ission of 
Administration uppon the same be graunted unto John South- 
erne gent, Tho : Mayhew Marchant & Anthony Warren, And 
y fc they doe continually from time to time bring in the Accounts 
of the said Estate into the Court, & to proceed therein as 
justly & impartially on all parts as may be. 

John Davys imprisoned at the suite of John Bottom for 3 
barrells of eares. 

A Court at James Citty 8 th ffebruary 1627. 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno r &c. 
Docto r Pott Capt Tucker 

Capt Mathewes Mr ffarrar. 

Mr Secretary 

At this Court was brought in the Will & Testam 1 of M r 
Abraham Persey 1 Esq 1 " deceased about the 16 th of January 
last past And Greavill Pooly Minister being the sole witnes 
thereunto, he did uppon his oath on the holy Evangelists de- 
pose that himselfe was present when the said Abraham Persey 
both signed sealed & delivered the same as his Will & Testam 1 . 

It is ordered that Capt Thomas Graves shall have a Com'is- 
sion to Com'aund the Plantation of Accawmacke. 

1 Abraham Persey, long the richest merchant and planter in Virginia, 
came in the ship Susan in 1619. He held many prominent offices and 
died October, 1628. A long note on him was printed in this Magazine, 
1. 187, &c. A copy of his will is printed in Neill's Virginia Carolorum, 


It is ordered that a warrant be sent to Accawmacke that 
the Com'aunder make enquiry of Robert Browne & Samuell 
Woolves or any others, what person or persons they be, that 
have sold any glasse bottles to Indians. 

It is ordered that George ffawdon 2 , Thomas Sawyer & 
Wassell Weblin 3 , shall have leave to goe & live at Warosquoy- 

It is ordered that whereas John Giles did in the last Som'er 
in July at the Court at Elizabeth Citty take his oath that his 
time of service w th his Master Nicholas Roe 4 , was expired, & 
whereas the contrary appeareth by the oath of Thomas Weston, 
Marchant, The Court uppon the petition of the said Nicolas 
Roe hath ordered that the said John Giles shall serve his Mas- 
ter 6 monthes time, about two monthes of the same being 
for damadges w ch the said Nicolas Roe hath sustained in y e 

At this Court Elizabeth frellgate the wife of Tobias ffell- 
gate 5 , Mariner, Administratrix of all the goods debts & chat- 
ties of Capt Ralfe Hamo r , 6 deceased, (haveing formerly ac- 

2 There is a record in Isle of Wight, a deed, Sept. 29, 1629, from 
Justinian Cooper and wife to Wassail Weblin and George Fawdon, for 
land at Warwicksqueake. George Fawdon was a member of the House 
of Burgesses for Isle of Wight October, 1646, and July, 1653. In Isle 
of Wight is a deed, dated Oct. 30, 1654, from Major George Fawdon, 
conveying 1500 acres to "Mrs. Ann Smith" ("Mrs." was then used for 
a single woman) all of which above mentioned fortune and dowry — the 
nuptials being now celebrated — we George and Ann Fawdon do oblige 
ourselves never to alienate without the consent of our father-in-law, 
Nathaniel Bacon, and our mother Ann his wife, and our brother 
George Smith". The first wife of President Nathaniel Bacon was a 
widow, Mrs. Ann Smith, sister of the first William Bassett, of New 
Kent County. 

3 Nicholas Roe or Row was living at Buck Roe Feb., 1623. 

4 Captain Tobias Felgate, brother of Robert and William Felgate, 
who also at times resided in Virginia, had, as early as 1623, made five 
voyages to Virginia as mate and master. He died at Westover, Va., 
in 1635. His will dated and proved April, 1635, leaves his son Wm. 
Felgate £150, his daughter Sarah Felgate £250, and made his wife Sarah 
executrix. She was evidently his second wife. Elizabeth, of the text, 
had evidently been widow of Ralph Hamor. 

6 Ralph Hamor, son of Ralph Hamor of London, merchant tailor, 
(both were members of the Virginia Company in 1609) came to Vir- 
ginia in 1609. Several years later he went to England and published 
in 1615, "A True Relation of the Present State of Virginia"; returned 
to the colony in 1617 as Vice-Admiral to Argall, and was appointed to 
the Council in 1621. He married a widow, Elizabeth Clements, and 
died in Virginia in 1626. 


cording to Order delivered uppon her oath and inventory of 
all the estate of the said Capt Ralfe Hamo r ) did at this time 
present unto the Court uppon her oath like wise a perfect & 
true account of the same: And the said Elizabeth ffellgate, 
intending shortly to goe for England did there uppon desire 
to have her bond now lyeing in the Court, w ch was formerly 
taken for the said Administration by the then Governo r & 
Councell, delivered againe into her owne hands, & to be 
freed N from the said Administracon, W ch the Court accordingly 
condiscended unto. 

And did further uppon consideration therein, & for the paim* 
of such debts as remaine yet unpaid, com'itte the remainder of 
the said estate into y e hands of M r George Menefy Marchant : 
And did further order that the said George Menefy should 
give security into y Court for the same that hereafter it might 
be paid to such Credito rs & others to whom it shall appeare 
to be due. 

A Court at James Citty c/ b ffebruary 1627. 


Capt frrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Capt Mathewes M r Claybourne 

Docto r Pott Capt Tucker. 

At this Court was brought in the will & Testam 1 of John 
Hinsley Mariner deceased & proved by the oath of Will'm 
Webster Marchant that it was the will of y e said John Hinsley 
& that he was in perfect sense & memory at the makeing 
thereof & further that the deponent was present at y e signing 
sealing & delivery thereof. 

At this Court Justinian Cowper 7 brought in the Iventory of 
one Thomas Greene late of Warosquoyacke deceased, & deliv- 
ered upp the same uppon his oath to be a full & perfect Inven- 
tory of the said Thomas Greene his estate. And the Court 
ordered that the said Justinian Cowper should have a Com'is- 
sion of Administracon uppon the same graunted unto him. 

7 For a note on Justiman Cooper, see this Magazine XXI, 63. 


There was a Controversy in Court betweene Will'm Vincent 8 
of the upper Necke of land Planter & John Dodds of the same 
place planter. 

And it was agreed betweene them, that the said Will'm Vin- 
cent should have halfe the land & the greater part of y e lower 
Roome of y e house Southward, w ch did lately belonge unto 
Josuah Chard : 9 And further that the next yeare the said Will'm 
Vincent should take it all into his possession, & pay the sayd 
John Dodds, for the building & clearing as much as by the 
Arbitrament of 4 discreet and honest men should be adjudged. 

It is ordered that M r Will'm Harwood 10 shall make satis- 
faction unto John Davys for y e clearing of the ground belong- 
ing unto Richard Staples & Walter davys deceased lyeing at 
Martin Hundred according as the said M r Harwood hath 
formerly payd unto Mr John Boise & others, And it appeareth 
to the Court to be very reasonable that the said John Davys 
shall receive for the same 400 1 of Tobacco. 

Will'm Harman 11 surrendred & putt over all his title & 
right in the lease of one hundred acres of land at Archers 
Hope, belonging unto him & Christopher Hall deceased, unto 
Robert ffitt & David Mansfeild & to their executo rs & assignes 

Richard Craven gent sworne & examined deposeth & sayth, 
that this day in the morning, he this examinate being at Arch- 
ers Hope, at the house of Will'm Harman, saw Amy Hall 
Widdow come running from the house of the said Will'm Har- 

8 In 1626 William Vincent owned 100 acres in the Corporation of 
Charles City. John Dodds owned 50 acres in the same corporation. 

9 Among the inhabitants of the Neck of Land in Charles City, 1624, 
were, under the "Muster of Josuah Chard", were said Chard, aged 36, 
who came in the Seaventure, May, 1607, and his wife Anne, aged 33, who 
came in the Bonny Bess in 1623. 

10 "Mr. William Harwood", who came in the Francis Bonaventure, 
was commander of Martin's Hundred in 1624. In 1626 Richard Staples 
owned 150 acres at Archer's Hope. 

11 William Harman does not appear in the census of 1624-5. Christo- 
pher Hall lived at that time on James City Island. Robert Fitt, who 
came in the George, and his wife Anne, who came in the Abigail, also 
lived there. David Mansfield or Mansell, came in the Bona Nova, 1619, 
as a "hired servant" of George Sandys. He was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for Martin's Hundred 1632-3, and in 1639 one of 
the tobacco viewers for the Neck of land, James City County. Was 
Burgess for Archer's Hope &c. 1639, and for James City County 1652. 
Later he removed to the Northern Neck. 

12 In 1626 Richard Craven owned 150 acres at Blount Point. 


man w th a rope in her hand into her owne house, & hurled in 
the rope into the dore of her house, And the said WilFm 
Harman came running after her, & when he saw that shee had 
hurled away the rope, he the said Harman stroake her w th 
his fist uppon the breast & another blow also w tb hi sfist uppon 
the forehead & then pulled of her headgere & hurled her 
downe over y e threshold of the dore, wheas Theodore Moyles 
came & parted them, & soe hee & the said Harman fell to- 
geather by the eares. 

Rog r Webster of hogg Hand Planter swore & examined 
affirmeth as much as the said Richard Craven hath done. 

At this Court Temperance Lady Yeardley, did, (according 
to y e will of her late husband S r George Yeardley Kn* viz he 
having willed that the Plantation of one thousand acres of 
land at Stanley in Warwicke-River, should be sold & made 
into Tobacco for the use of her & her children) acknowledged 
the said Plantation of one thousand acres to be by her selfe 
by vertue of the said Will, for good considerations & valuable 
some of seaven thousand waight of Tobacco, sold & wholy 
made over unto Leften 1 Thomas fTlint 13 & to his heires & 
assignes for ever, the land being due unto y e said S r George 
Yeardley by the transportation of twenty persons, who came 
over into this Country in the shipp the Temperance 1621, viz 
Maximilian Stone & Elizabeth his wife, George Whitehand, 
Tho: Huson, Tho: Man, Tho: Harris, Tho: Powes, W m Chel- 
medge, John Wray, Philip Smith, Rich. Gregory, John Moyer, 
Peter Mason, Henry Rowen, Nathaniell Thomas, W m Brooke, 
John Phillips, John Braford, John Penny & George Devrill. — 
See y e records of Passingers. 

At this Court Temperance Lady Yeardley 14 delivered upp 

13 Lieutenant Thomas Flint, of Elizabeth City, had a lease of 50 
acres there in 1626. He was a Burgess for Warwick River, Oct. 1629, 
March 1629-30, for Stanley Hundred, Sept. 1632, for Denbigh, Feb. 
1632-3, for Warwick River, Jan. 1639, March 1642-3, and Nov. 1647. 

14 At a meeting of the Court of the Virginia Company held at Mr. 
Ferrar's house in St. Sythes Lane, July 21, 1619, Sir Edwin Sandys, 
Treasurer, presiding, "There was at the sitting downe of the Court 
by an unknowne person presented to Mr. Th'rer the Letter following: 







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those guiltes w ch have formerly been sent out of England & 
given to y e use of y e Colledge viz. 

1 One Co'munion silver guilt cupp, & two little chalices in a 

cloath of gold cover. 

2 One Crimson velvet carpet w th a gold & silke fring. 

3 One white damaske Com'union cloath w th buttons 

4 ffower divinity bookes w th brasse bosses. 

More for the use of Southampton Hundred church given 
by M rs Mary Robinson 

"To Sr. Edwin Sandis The'rer of Virginia 

I. H. S. 

Good luck in the name of the Lord, who is dayly magnified by the 
experiment of your Zeale and Piety in giuinge begining to the foun- 
da'con of the Colledge in Virginia the sacred worke soe due to Heaven 
and soe "Longed for one earth, Nowe knowe wee assuredly that the 
Lord will doe you good and blesse you in all your proceedings even as 
he blessed the howse of Obed Edom and all that pertayned to him be- 
cause of the Arke of God. Now that yee seeke the kingdome of 
God, all thinges shalbe ministred unto you." This I well see allready, 
and perceiue that by this your godlie determination, the Lord hath 
giuen you "fauor in the sight of the people, and I knowe some whose 
hearts are much enlarged because of the howse of the Lord our God to 
procure yo'r wealth", whose greater designes I haue presumed to 
outrun with this obla'con w'ch I humbly beseech you may be accepted 
as the pledge of my Devo'con and as the earnest of the Vowes "w'ch I 
have vowed unto the Allmighty God of Jacobb concerning this thing", 
w'ch till I may in part performe I desyre to remayne unknowne and 
unsought after. 

The things are these 
A Communion Cupp w'th the Couer and case. 
A Trencher plate for the Bread. 
A Carpett of Crimson Velvett. 
A Linnen Damaske Table Cloth.' " 
The carpet of crimson velvet was, of course, an altar cloth. 

By her will, dated Feb. 13, 1617-18, and proved Sept. 25, 1618 (printed 
in this Magazine XVI, 193 &c.) Mrs. Mary Robinson, of Mark Lane, 
London, widow, gave £200 towards the building and support of a 
church in Virginia. This money was appropriated for the church at 
Smith's Hundred, on the Chickahominy River. 

At a Quarter Court of the Virginia Company May 17, 1620, it was 
recorded that "Two Persons unknowne have given faire Plate & 
other rich ornam'ts for two Communion Tables, whereof one for the 
Colledge, and the other for the Church of Mrs. Mary Robinson's 

Smith's Hundred was practically broken up by the Massacre of 1622, 
and at some unknown date some of the communion plate mentioned 
came into the possession of Elizabeth City parish and now belongs to 
St. John's Churc-i, Hampton. The cup and paten have the date mark 
1618-9. On the cup is the inscription "The Communion Cupp For Snt 


i [OJne Com'union silver guilt cupp, & two little chalices in 
a blacke lether cover. 

2 One yellow & blew cheiny Damaske carpett w th a silke 


3 One white damaske Com'union cloath. 

4 One surplisse. 

At this Court likewise Temperance Lady Yeardley deliv- 
ered upp unto y e Govern 1 " Seaven Cowes & five yonge heifers, 
w ch belonge unto y e Governo rs place, & were left here by 
S r fTrancis Wyatt lately Governo r there being noe more to be 
delivered upp againe then were receaved. 

Mary's Church in Smith's Hundred in Virginia" and on the paten is 
"If any man eate of this Bread he shall live forever. Jno. II." As it is 
not noted by Lady Yeardley among the Smith's Hundred service, it is 
very probable that the one now at St. John's is the "trencher plate for 
the bread", given for the College in 1619. At the time Lady Yeardley 
turned over the other articles this "trencher plate" was not in her pos- 
session and may already have been in use at Elizabeth City. At any 
rate the probability of identity with the plate now at St. John's is so 
strong that we may allow ourselves to believe that there still exists 
a relic of the first effort for higher education in the English colonies. 

The "ffower divinity books" can be identified. 

At a meeting of a Quarter Court of the Company, Nov. 15, 1620, the 
receipt is recorded of "fower great books as the gifte of one unto the 
Company that desyred his name might not be made knowne, wherof 
one booke was a treatise of Stt Augustine, of the Citty of God trans- 
lated into English, the other three greate Volumes w're the works 
of Mr. Perkins newlie corrected and amended, w'ch books the Donor 
desyred they might be sent to the Colledge in Virginia." 

"Mr. Perkins" was William Perkins (1558-1602), M. A., Christ's 
College, Cambridge, a noted Puritan teacher, preacher and theological 
writer. The Dictionary of National Biography jays that "through- 
out the Seventeenth century he continued to be studied as an authority 
but little inferior to Hooker or Calvin". Editions of his works in three 
volumes, folio, were published in Cambridge in 1608, 1609 and 1610, 
and in London 1606, 1612, 1616. The gift was evidently the last edition. 
The presentation of these books, which were gratefully received, is 
another bit of evidence showing the Puritan influences in the Company 
and in the foundation of the Colony and the Colonial Church. The "Low 
Church" Virginia Episcopacy has a long line of ancestry behind it. 
As it is named first we may say that the great work of St. Augustine 
was the first book presented to any public library in the English colonies. 



A great Historical Pageant will be given in Richmond the week 
of May 22, 1922, to be participated in by citizens from every 
section of the Commonwealth. 

The Virginia Historical Pageant Association which is arrang- 
ing for this great event is sponsored by over eighty civic, patri- 
otic, educational, fraternal and business organizations, affiliated 
for the purpose of presenting to the people of America through 
tableaux and period parades (with appropriate floats) the fund 
of historic lore which places Virginia in the forefront among the 
States of our Nation. 

The great Pageant Tableaux will be presented nightly for one 
week, and illustrate the periods in our history from the landing 
of the "Founders of Democracy" at Jamestown, May 13, 1607, 
through the Revolutionary War, the Confederacy, the World 
War to the present day. 

During the week it is proposed that additional entertainments 
be held, such as a regatta on the James, an Inter-Collegiate Ath- 
letic Meet, and an Old Virginia Tournament in costume, open to 
Virginia riders. 

Departing from the time worn method of raising funds by sub- 
scription from business and moneyed interests an unique method 
has been adopted which gives everyone an opportunity to have 
an equal share in assuring the success of the pageant. 

Memberships are being distributed throughout the United 
States at one dollar each, giving everyone who embraces the 
opportunity equal chance to become members. Members will 
have the exclusive opportunity of viewing the great Pageant 
Tableau without paying the admission fee required of non- 
members, which will be in excess of membership cost. 

One membership ticket only will be issued to each member, 
and the name and address is recorded and written upon the mem- 
bership card. This is required in order to prevent speculation 
and to distribute the memberships among the greater number of 
citizens. Cards will be issued when desired for each member 
of a family, or for friends when names and addresses accompany 
the application and one dollar each is enclosed. Mail remit- 


tances should include two cents postage for each separate address 
to Membership Card when same is to be mailed, except when ten 
cents is enclosed for a Membership Button. 

Any surplus that may be left after paying the expenses of the 
Pageant will be voted to some educational or charitable interest 
by the Board of Directors appointed by the affiliated organiza- 

Arrangements are being formulated to ensure meals and ac- 
commodations to all visitors at low rates and special round trip 
tickets on all trains will be obtained where justified. 

Make remittance to Virginia Historical Pageant Association, 
W. B. Cridlin, Pageant Secretary, Richmond, Virginia. 


War History Commission 


No. 3 





Collected for the Virginia War Archives 
Through the Central Office. 


Arthur Kyle Davis, Chrm. H. J. Eckenrode 

Charles R. Keiley, Secy. Douglas Freeman 

Henry R. Mcllwaine Edward N. Calisch 

Thomas Nelson Page John Preston McConnell 

S. C. Mitchell James S. Wilson 

Harry St. George Tucker J. A. C. Chandler 

Jo Lane Stern Lyon G. Tyler 

D. J. O'Connell Robert R. Prentis 



This thirty-page calendar represents the work of thirty months. 
More than three score and ten military histories, most of them 
written by Virginia soldiers, tell the actual part that soldiers 
from this State took in the World War. A glance at the titles 
on the next page will show the scope and value of the other first- 
hand narratives prepared at the request of the Central Office and 
by direction of the Executive Committee. The reading of the 
items of this calendar will give such a view of our part in the 
war as has not before been possible. 

This report is the answer of the Commission to the just criti- 
cism that the source material collected from the counties and 
cities deals mainly with the civilian activities in war-time. Of 
the one hundred and eighty-four items, less than forty concern 
civilian activities. In other words, here are outlined very nearly 
one hundred and fifty authentic military narratives and reports — ■ 
real "soldier stuff". 

These three thirty-two-page supplements published in the Vir- 
ginia Magazine of History and Biography give almost the com- 
plete lists of the Virginia source material already collected for 
the Virginia War Archives. Only twenty volumes of clippings and 
the records of the State Council of Defense are omitted. The 
next issue of the Magazine will record the additional material 
sent in during the next two or three months by the local 
branches and by the contributors. Many of the counties and of 
the cities of Virginia have not yet done justice to the part that 
their sons and daughters took in the war; some have just made 
appropriation for the history work; some have not yet made an 
appropriation. Many contributors are slow in sending their man- 
uscripts. Prompt action is the plain duty of every community 
and of every contributor. 

The fifteen editors and their associates have had thirty months 
for preparation and composition. The Central Office, through 
these Supplements, has made available for them a vast amount 
of source material. The Executive Committee now sends out the 
call for the completed manuscripts for the four-volume history. 
These manuscripts should be sent to the general editors by the 
first of October. 

The thanks of the Commission and of the State are due to 
General Jo Lane Stern, to Dr. H. R. Mcllwaine, and to Colonel 
C. R. Keiley, members of the Executive Committee, whose help 
has made possible the measure of success attained. And the 
chairman feels an abiding sense of obligation to the writers whose 
contributions make up this astounding calendar of Virginiana. 




A. Divisional Histories (29th, 42nd, 80th) — Thirteen items 

B. Infantry Unit Histories — Thirty-eight items 

C. Coast Artillery Unit Histories — Nine items 

D. Field Artillery Unit Histories — Four items 

E. Engineer Unit Histories — Four items 

F. Medical Unit Histories — Four items 

G. Miscellaneous Narratives and Reports 

Road and Quarry Work; Remount Depot; Bur. of An. 
Ind.; Welcome Program; Naval Batteries; Virginia Sol- 
diers (five items); Thirteen Service Statements; "Red 
Cross Bloke". 
H. Histories of Camps and Contonments 

1. Camp Lee — Twenty-one items 

2. Camp Humphries — One item 

3. Marine Barracks, Quantico — Six items 

4. Off. Tr. Schools, Ft. Myer, Camp Lee — Six items 
I. Histories of Chesapeake Bay Area 

Port of Embarkation, Newport News; Dept. of Port 
Chaplain; Naval Operating Base; Fifth Naval District 
(three items); Langley Field; Armed Guard (two) 

J. Virginia War Camp Community Service 
Seventeen items 

K. Four Overseas Diaries of Virginians 

Capt. Lucien H. Cocke, Jr., (Aviation Service) 

T. F. Heath, Jr., (Univ. of Va. Hosp. Unit) 

Ralph Harvey Jones, (O. C, Eng. Off. Tr. Sch., France) 

Major W. W. LaPrade, (Detached service in Poland) 

L. Eight Personal Narratives of Virginians 
Anderson's Red Cross in the East 
Taylor's Chaplain with the Army 
Laughton's Cross in the Tempest 
Cutchins's Armistice Commission 
Harwood's Camp Library Assistant 
Davis's Civilian Activities 
Williams's War Experiences 
Wright's War Chaplain's Story 

M. Special Narratives and Reports 

Neport News Shipbuilding Co.; Saveray Hospital Cen- 
ter; First Chr. Church; A. L. A. in Va.; Fed. Fuel Adm. 
in Va. (two items); Food Conserv. Lessons; Va. Div. 
N. L. W. S.; Church in War; Final Roster; Imp. Recr, 
Club; Jews of Richmond; Va. War Relief Assn.; Ry. 
Adm. Newport News and Norfolk Army Base; Sauer 
pub.; DuPont Plant, Hopewell. 



History of the "Blue and Gray," 29th Division; by Lt. Col. John 
A. Cutchins. tpwr. 363 pp. 

Introduction; organization of division at Camp McClellan 
beginning August 25, 1917; General Morton assumes com- 
mand; the camp; troops arrive; drills and schools; reor- 
ganization; from old to new units; divisional symbol; 
General Morton abroad; war correspondents; Brig. Gen. 
Rafferty assumes command; negro troops arrive; French 
and British officers; reviews; Liberty Loan campaign; 
drafted men; diversions; Gen. Morton returns; Christmas; 
officers sent to schools; regular officers in command; Dela- 
ware troops; Officers' Training Camps; officers ordered 
overseas; naturalization of foreign born men; sailing or- 
ders; reorganization as seen through the eyes of the re- 
organized; some lessons; the trip overseas; Brest; Champ- 
lite; with the artillery from Mills to Meucon; in line with 
the French; Alsace; changes in staff; two enemy raids; 
29th occupies Center Sector, Haute Alsace, August, 1918; 
visit of Gen. Pershing; a German raid; propaganda; an 
enemy raid; retaliation; 113th Infantry makes raid; shell- 
ing of Montreux Chateau, Sept. 13; new life in the sector; 
move towards the Big Front; the Citadel and city of Ver- 
dun; enemy dispositions; necessary preparations; the Meuse 
Argonne battle; the 29th resumes the attack; details of 
battle; relieved by 79th Division Oct. 29th; auxiliary troops 
in the battle; medical corps; engineers; signal corps; notes 
concerning opponents; to a rest area; cleaning up; attached 
to Second Army for attack on Metz; the armistice; sepa- 
rated units rejoin division; changes in officer personnel; in 
the eleventh training area; welfare organizations; athletics, 
etc.; educational program; chaplains and religious activi- 
ties; officers and men sent to Germany and Poland; reviews 
by Wilson, Pershing and Haig; moving orders and home; 

History of the 29th Division; by Col. John A. Cutchins. tpwr. 
56 pp. 
A detailed narrative in thirteen chapters of the training of 
the Division at Camp McClellan from August, 1917, to June 
12, 1918, time of sailing. 

Brief History of the 29th Division; from the Recruiting Pub- 
licity Bureau, New York. mini. 19 pp. 
Part I. Organized July, 1917; trained at Camp McClellan; 


sailed June, 1918; 10th Training Area; Center Sector 
Haute Alsace, July; First Army Reserve; Meuse-Argonne, 
Sept. 24 to Oct. 1; fighting around Verdun, Oct. 1; action 
Oct. 7 to 30; methods; sailed for U. S. Apr. 24, 1919. Part 
II. Extracts from General Pershing's cabled communiques. 
Series of communications arranged chronologically. 

History of 42nd Division; from the Recruting Publicity Bureau, 
New York. mim. 10 pp. 
Part I. Organized Aug. 5, 1917; Camp Mills; sailed Oct. 18; 
Rolampont Area; relieved 128th French in Baccarat Sec- 
tor, Mar. 23; June 21, Camp de Chalons; reserve in sectors 
of Louain and Esperance; front July 15, vicinity of Epieds; 
Bourmont Area, Aug. 3; St. Mihiel, Aug. 30; Bois de Mont- 
faucon, Oct. 6; Argonne; Army of Occupation; statistics. 
Part II. Extracts from General Pershing's Cabled Commu- 
niques. Series of communications arranged chronologically. 

Brief History of the 80th Division; by Col. Jennings C. Wise, 
tpwr. 29 pp. 
Complexion of Division; sketches of Gen. Adelbert Cronkite, 
Gen. L. M. Brett, Col. W. H. Waldron; to France; Artois 
Sector (British); 14th Training Area; St. Mihiel, Sept. 12 
to 16, 1918; Meuse-Argonne, 1st and 2nd phase; changes in 
personnel; final drive; summary of achievements in Meuse 
Argonne Campaign; winter months; homeward. 

Report on Operations, Sept. 9 to Nov. 11, 1919; Headquarters 
80th Division; France, tpwr. 29 pp. 
St. Mihiel, Sept. 11 to 15; Meuse-Argonne, three attacks 
giving (a) situation at beginning of attack, (b) the attack, 
(c) enemy units engaged, (d) summary, for each attack. 

Miscellaneous Material re 80th Division; copied from material 
loaned by A. M. Ely, Philadelphia, tpwr. 26-20 pp. 
Sec. I. 1, Battle Instructions; 2, General Order No. 20; 
3, Bulletin No. 113; 4, extracts from S. S. Nansemond, 
"Mal-de-Mar", May 20 to June 1, 1919. Sec. II. 1, Mem- 
orandum No. 60; 2, General Orders Nos. 192, 232, 9, 38-A; 
3, Memoranda to school officers; 5, suggestions for exchange 
of money; 5, extracts from S. S. Nansemond, "Mal-de-Mar", 
May 23 and May 30, 1919. 

Captions and Notes to Eightieth Division Photographs, tpwr. 
22 pp. 
Explanatory and descriptive notes re photographs taken with 
80th Division overseas. 

Roster of Headquarters Troop, 80th Division, tpwr. 7 pp. 

Titles for Still Pictures of the 80th Division, mim. 36 pp. 


Captions and Notes re 80th Division Photographs, mini. 14 pp. 
Check List of Historical Data and Material re 80th Div.; 318th 

Inf.; Co. G, 318th Inf.; and Miscellaneous, tpwr. 9 pp. 
Series of Ten Letters re History of 80th Division. 



Sketch of First Virginia Infantry, later part of 116th Infantry; 
by General William J. Perry, tpwr. 56 pp. 

Revolution to World War; recruiting after declaration of 
war; assigned to 29th Division; Camp McClellan; merged 
into 116th Infantry; composition; histories of individual 

Official History of the 116th Infantry; by Lt. Col. Samuel G. 
Waller, tpwr. 7 pp. 
Organized Camp McClellan, Sept. 29, 1917; nine months' 
training; sailed June 15, 1918; St. Nazaire; Alsace; battle 
near Samogneux; relieved Oct. 29; compliment paid regi- 
ment by choice as representative regiment for review. 

Sketch of the Second Battalion, Second Va. Infantry, later part of 
116th Infantry; by Major G. O. Leach, ms. pp. 
Mexican Service; recalled to service Mar. 25, 1917; training 
at Camp McClellan; personal record of writer. 

History of Headquarters Troop of the 116th Infantry; by Lt. 
H. W. Holly and Lt. J. J. Ward. tpwr. 10 pp. 

Composition and organization, Oct., 1917; commands; 
training; St. Nazaire, June 28, 1918; trenches at La Chap- 
pelle; into action west of Meuse River Oct. 8; at Saudrupt; 
special training; Sardeux; personnel. 
History of Supply Company, 116th Infantry; by E. L. Colwell 

and Sgt. J. S. Schneider, tpwr. 11 pp. 
Organization and command; duties at Camp McClellan; St. 
Nazaire June 28, 1918; procuring equipage; French four- 
gon wagons; headquarters and supply dump at Brechau- 
mont; replacing unserviceable property; at Reppe; work 
during fighting along Meuse River; new clothing, etc., after 
relief; changes in personnel; after the armistice activities; 
History of the Machine Gun Company, 116th Infantry; by Lt. 

A. A. Grove and Sgt. O. P. Gregory, tpwr. 16 pp. 
Organization of machine gun company with second Vir- 
ginia Infantry on Mexican border, July, 1916; transfer to 
116th Infantry; Camp McClellan; St. Nazaire; training in 


various parts of France; attack by enemy near Gildwiller 
sur le Mont; front near Samogneux; fighting; attack on 
Bois d'Etraye; in reserve; movements after armistice; sum- 
mary of action; casualty record. 

Casualty Record Machine Gun Company, 116th Infantry, tpwr. 
12 pp. 

History of Sanitary Detachment, 116th Infantry, tpwr. 13 pp. 

Organization upon conversion of National Guard to Na- 
tional Army; roster; St. Nazaire; assignment of medical 
personnel; intensive training near Champlitte; front line 
service; casualties; evacuation of wounded during battles 
near Meuse River; casualties; after armistice training. 

History of the First Battalion, 116th Infantry; by lit. James 
F. Kelly, tpwr. 5 pp. 

Organized Oct. 4, 1917; composition; the voyage overseas; 
St. Nazaire June 28, 1918; Center Sector, Haute Alsace; 
Companies A and B in the trenches; relieved by C and D 
Companies; in Corps Reserve; in battles along Meuse River; 
relieved; the Armistice. 

History of Co. A, First Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. J. T. 
Fuller and lit. Ii. E. Allen, tpwr. 6 pp. 

Organized Camp McClellan, Oct. 4, 1917; left camp June 
12, 1918, for embarkation port; St. Nazaire; training for 
Combat of Small Units; Haute Alsace; moved to vicinity 
of Meuse Campaign; participation in campaign; relief; win- 
ter; casualty record. 

History of Co. B, First Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. W. E. 
Bartenstein. tpwr. 6 pp. 

Organization and personnel notes; St. Nazaire June 28, 
1918; with Division in Haute Alsace Sector; movements 
through the interior of France; details of fighting in Meuse 
Argonne; relieved 29th of October; further movements. 

History of Co. C, First Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Hugh T. 
Williams, tpwr. 10 pp. 

Organized with Co. M, First Virginia Infantry, as nucleus; 
command; at Camp McClellan; to Hoboken June 14th; St. 
Nazaire; vigorous training in interior of France; Center 
sector Alsace; reserve; relieved A Company; changes in 
personnel; movements and preparations for Meuse Ar- 
gonne; support of Second Battalion in Meuse Argonne; 
final movements after the Armistice; roster. 


History of Co. D, First Battalion, 116th Infantry; by lit. R. M. 
Ivedyke. tpwr. 10 pp. 

Notes on days at Camp McClellan; St. Nazaire and Champ- 
litte; through Prance; relieved Co. B in trenches, Alsace 
sector; Meuse Argonne attack; movements after armistice; 
roster; original officers' personnel. 

History of the Second Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Capt. J. O. 
Gibson; tpwr. 14 pp. 

The reorganization of National Guards into National Di- 
vision creating the Second Battalion; complexion; training 
at Camp McClellan; change in command; overseas in June, 
1918; in St. Nazaire; intensive training; preparation for 
front line; Buchwald sector; orders to move thwart raid; 
German sympathizers signal enemy; fighting in vicinity of 
Molleville Farm; along the Meuse River; relieved Oct. 28; 
Armistice; Foucheres; Christmas and Washington's Birth- 
day; summary. 

History of Co. E, Second Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. R. R. 
Brown and Lt. P. R. Hanenman. tpwr. 7 pp. 

Organization and training at Camp McClellan; ordered 
overseas; Alsace; movements through France; fighting near 
Samogneux; the Armistice; winter training; orders for 
home April 12; casualty record. 

History of Co. F, Second Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. J. V. 
Sanderson, tpwr. 13 pp. 

Composition and personnel; Officers' Training Schools; 
sailed June 15, 1918; Champlitte; Buchwald Woods; 
moving through France; operations north of Verdun; re- 
lieved; Jan., Feb. and March training at Lariviere, Haute 
Marne; roster. 

History of Co. G, Second Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. Barry 
Wetzler. tpwr. 10 pp. 

Intensive training at Camp McClellan; St. Nazaire; Cham- 
plitte; intensive training in various localities; Buchwald 
sector; through France; attack Oct. 8th; details of fight- 
ing; relieved Oct. 26; winter quarters at Lariviere; casualty 

History of Co. H, Second Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Lt. C. 
W. Tallman. tpwr. 8 pp. 

Organized and trained at Camp McClellan; personnel of 
command; St. Nazaire June 28, 1918; Champlitte; Alsace; 
Meuse Argonne; winter quarters; roster. 


Manuscript History of the Third Battalion, 116th Infantry; by 
Major H. I. Opie. tpwr. 69 pp. 

Organized Oct. 4, 1917; trained at Camp McClellan; sailed 
June 14, 1918; St. Nazaire; Genevrieres and Versemont; 
front line July 28 and Aug. 3; St. Cosme and Repp; front 
line Aug. 26 and 27; Seiguilles; Argonne Offensive; 
Soueshme le Grande; fighting around Verdun; Saudrupt; 
Parnot until March 16, 1919; Serquieux; Newport News, 
May 21st; mustered out May 29, 1919, at Camp Lee; review; 
statistics; rosters; casualty list; citations; Field Orders; 
maps and diagrams. 

History of the Third Battalion 116th Infantry; by Lt. Beverly 
C. Wilkes, tpwr. 5 pp. 
Formation and. ancestry; domestic service; the voyage 
overseas; Champlitte; Alsace; Army Corps attack in bat- 
tle of Malbrock hill, Oct. 8, 1918; second attack; winter 

History of Co. I, Third Battalion, 116th Infantry, tpwr. 5 pp. 
Formation; training; the voyage overseas; Champlitte; Al- 
sace; through France; battles near Verdun; winter train- 
ing; conclusion; citations. 

History of Co. K, Third Battalion, 116th Infantry; by Sgt. W. J. 
McDaniels. tpwr. 19 pp. 
Ancestors; birth of organization, Camp McClellan, Oct., 
1917; personnel; training; matured accomplishments; St. 
Nazaire; billets at Champlitte; trenches at Balsch wilier; 
St. Cosme; through France; on the Meuse- Argonne Front; 
notes on the fighting; winter quarters. 

History of Co. !L, Third Battalion, 116th Infantry, tpwr. 6 pp. 

Officers; St. Nazaire June 28, 1918; intensive training; Al- 
sace; Balschwiller sector; St. Cosme; near Verdun; re- 
lieved, from front line; winter at Parnot; conclusion. 

History of Co. M, Third Battalion, 116th Infantry, tpwr. 20 pp. 
Formation; St. Nazaire; Alsace; battles of Malbrouck Hill; 
Molleville Farm; Bois d'Ormant; Grand Montagne; Etraye 
Ridge; Bois Belleau; winter at Parnot; Virginians in the 
Company; roster. 

History of Horse Battalion, 104th Ammunition Train (formerly 
Richmond Blues) ; by Major M. F. James, tqwr. 9 pp. 
Resume of past service since organization, May 10, 1789; 
Camp McClellan, Sept. 5, 1917; sailed June 29, 1918; Lon- 
don, July 22; Cherbourg, July 25; billeted Jaulnay Clan; 
Meucon; Haute Marne, Village St. Marcellain; sailed from 
St. Nazaire May 11, 1919; discharged June, 1919, at Camp 


History of 104th Ammunition Train; by Capt. C. J. Frey. tpwr. 
12 pp. 

Composition; commissioned personnel; preparation for de- 
parture; Halifax; the voyage; England; Cherbourg; at 
Jaulnay-Clan; Camp Meucon; the Armistice; Longeville; 

History of Detachment, 104th Ammunition Train; by Capt. 
Thos. F. Flynn. tpwr. 7 pp. 

Arrival in France; command personnel; joined Division at 
Fontaine; securing transportation; facilities; Center Sec- 
tor; Haute Alsace; movement of ammunition before and 
during engagement on Meuse River; the Armistice. 

Roster Co. A, 104th Ammunition Train, tpwr. 3 pp. 

Historical Sketch A and C Companies, 104th Ammunition Train; 
by Capt. Ward. tpwr. 2 pp. 
England; Cherbourg; with 29th at Fontaine; Frey, Haute 
Saone; general conditions. 

Headquarters, Horse Battalion, 104th Ammunition Train; by 
Major Matthew F. James, tpwr. 2 pp. 
Historical statement; roster of officers. 


History of the 117th Trains-Headquarters and Military Police 
(formerly First and Second Companies, Va. A. X. G.) ; 
by Capt. Frank P. Varney. tpwr. 36 pp. 

Organized 1st Co., Roanoke, Dec, 1915, 2nd Co. Lynchburg 
Spring 1916; Apr. 6, 1917, Ft. Monroe; Camp Mills, L. I.; 
sailed Oct. 18, 1917; St. Nazaire; 5th Training Area; 7th 
Training Area, Dec. 15; Luneville, St. Clement, and Dom- 
bastle Sectors; Baccarat; St. Germain, June 2 6, 1918; Camp 
de Chalons, July 20; near Chateau Thierry, July 25; St. 
Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne; Army of Occupation; sailed from 
Brest, Apr. 10, 1919; mustered out May 6; General Order 
No. 21-N; letter, Brig. Gen. McArthur to Maj. Potts com- 
mending 42nd Div. and listing battles in which they par- 
ticipated; roster. 


Overseas Diary of Company G, SI 7th Infantry; France, June, 
1018, to June, 1919. ptd. 28 pp. 

Brest June 8, 1918; Calais; training with the British; Amer- 
ican Sector; St. Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne; relief; final drive; 
post war training; Newport News, June 1, 1919; final dis- 
charges; commendation; honor roll; personnel of Company. 


Casualty Record, Company G, 318th Infantry; compiled by Rus- 
sell L. Stultz. tpwr. 15 pp. 

History of the 319th Infantry; by Capt. Josiah C. Peck, Regi- 
mental Intelligence Officer, ptd. 61 pp. 

Organized Aug. 27, 1917, and trained at Camp Lee; St. 
Nazaire May 31, 1918; British Front; Desvres; La Bazeque 
Farm; first casualty July 24; Southern France; Tronville; 
Meuse-Argonne Offensive; second phase; relieved Oct. 12 
and Oct. 22 to La Chalade; final offensive Nov. 1 to 8; from 
active service to Fifteenth Training Area; Apr. 10, Regi- 
ment waiting orders to sail for U. S. List of dead and 
missing; roll of officers; map. 

Our "E" Story; by the Officers of Company E, 319th Infantry, 
tpwr. 57 pp. 

Departure May 18, 1918; Calais; training with English; 
American Sector Aug. 22; Meuse-Argonne; relief Oct. 7th; 
Third Offensive, Nov. 1 to 8; commendations; roll of honor; 
company roster; conclusion. 

The Work of the 320th Infantry in the Defeat of the Huns, 
tpwr. 19 pp. 

Departure from Camp Lee May 18, 1918; St. Nazaire; 
Calais; British Area; St. Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne; post war 
training; home May 30, 1919. 
My Service with the American Expeditionary Forces in France; 

by Capt. Melville B. Oakham, 320th Infantry, tpwr. 

13 pp. 
Sailed May 18, 1918; St. Nazaire; Calais; British Sector; 
American Sector; Battle of the Meuse, Sept. 24; Cuisy; Bat- 
tle at Cunel, Oct. 7 to 12; Battle of the Argonne; Le Mans 
Area, Mar. 31, 1919; Postal Express Service in Paris (per- 
sonal); conclusion. Supplementary orders, commendations, 
314th Machine Gun Battalion History; published by Officers and 

Men of the Battalion, pub. 82 pp. 
Organized Sept., 1917, at Camp Lee; sailed May 24, 1918; 
Calais; training with British; front lines; with the First 
American Army; near Verdun; Nantillons Sectors; rest Oct. 
12 to 23; hack to the front; the Armistice; 15th Training 
Area; Boston, June 7, 1919; mustered out; commendations; 
"In Memoriam"; "Our Men"; photograph; roster; maps. 



Sketch of 3rd Company Virginia Coast Artillery; by Capt. Alward 
L. Johnson, tpwr. 2 pp. 

Duty at Ft. Story, Va.; training men for overseas. 
Ninth Company Virginia Coast Artillery; compiled by Capt. 
Charles C. Walton, Jr. tpwr. 27 pp. 

Organized Richmond, July, 1917; twenty men overseas Aug. 
17; Ft. Monroe Aug. 30th; personal notes. 
Tenth Company Virginia Coast Artillery; by Capt. Henry C. 
Stuart, tpwr. 6 pp. 

Mustered in May 1, 1918; Ft. Monroe, May 11 to June 17; 
Custis Bay, Md.; Aug. 17, guard duty Newport News; Camp 
Meade; demobilized Dec. 6, 1918. Correspondence re raising 
of company and recognition by Federal authorities. 

Eleventh Company Virginia Coast Artillery, Battery A, 35th Reg- 
iment; by Capt. P. T. Jamison, tpwr. 1 p. 

Mustered in May 4, 1918; training at Ft. Monroe; guard 
duty Sun Ship Building Co., Chester, Pa.; Oct. 30, Gilmer- 
ton, Va.; discharged Dec. 5, 1918, Camp Lee. 

Sketch of 13th Virginia Coast Artillery; by First Lt. J. C. Craf- 
ford. tpwr. 1 p. 

Training at Ft. Monroe; guard duty at Sparrows Point Ship- 
Roster and History of Battery D, 35th Regiment Coast Artillery 
(formerly 14th Co. Va. C. A.); by Capt. John V. 
Thompson, ptd. 16 pp. 
Roster; organized Dec, 1917, South Boston, Va.; mustered 
in Apr. 27, 1918; Ft. Monroe; Baltimore; Hampton; demo- 
bilized Camp Meade, Dec. 4, 1918. 

History of the Coast Artillery in the 6th Regiment; by Engineer 
Wm. H. Phillips, tpwr. 7 pp. 

Organization; sailed Apr. 23, 1918; Brest; Training Area 
near Libourne; front near Maney, Sept. 11 to 16; near 
Aubreville, Sept. 21; Varennes, Sept. 28; Oct. 10 Chateau 
Chechery; attack Nov. 1; Armistice; New York, Feb. 4, 
History of First Batallion, 60th Coast Artillery; by Major Mar- 
shall M. Milton, tpwr. 150 pp. 
Battery B formed Roanoke, Va., as 5th Virginia Coast Artil- 
lery, July 2, 1917; assigned Battery B, 60th Artillery, De- 
cember 24, 1917; Battery A formed December 24, 1917, 
formerly 38th Co., Ft. DuPont, Del.; War Record of First 
Batallion, 60th Artillery, composed of Battery A and Battery 


B — Battery B formerly 5th Virginia C. A.; organized Roa- 
noke, Va., July 2, 1917; trained Fort Monroe, Va., Aug. 17, 
to March 28, 1918; entrained for Embarkation Camp, March 
28, 1918; Embarkation Camp, Camp Stuart, Newport News, 
Va.; sailed U. S. S. Siboney, Apr. 21, 1918; landed Brest, 
France, May 5th, 1918; Rest Camp Pontanezen Barracks, 
Brest, May 5-May 10; entrained May 10th, training area 
LaBourn, France; in training Saint Amelion, May 12- July 
19, 1918; Target range, Camp Souge, July 19-Sept. 6th; 
entrained Sept. 6th, arriving at Toul, France, Sept. 9th; con- 
voyed Toul to Jalon, France, Sept. 10th; went into position 
above Pontto-Missen Sept. 10, 1918, for the Saint Mihiel 
Offensive; changed front Sept. 17th, convoying to the Meuse 
Argonne; into position at Bertram Farm, Sept. 26th; 
changed position Varennes Oct. 9th; changed position Chat- 
tel Cherry Oct. 18th; changed position Imme Court, Nov. 2, 
1918; changed position Buzancey, Nov. 4th, 1918; changed 
position Somauth, Nov. 6th; changed position Harricourt 
Nov. 7th; First Batallion in action 72 days; fired 21,972 
9-lb. 155 M. M. shells, using the celebrated G. P. F. French 
gun; changed position Nov. 11th, following the German re- 
treat to Lissey; relieved of front-line duty, Nov. 18th; re- 
turned to training area at Roziers Nov. 26th; entrained 
Dec. 27th for Brest, France; sailed from Brest Jan. 25th, 
1919, for New York; arrived Hoboken Pier Feb. 5, 1919; 
sent to Camp Merritt Feb. 5th, 1919; entrained Fort How- 
ard, Md., Feb. 8, 1919; demobilized Ft. Howard, Md., Feb. 
21, 1919. 

War Record of Battery F, 60th Artillery (formerly 9th Va. C. A. 
C; by W. L. Price, Adj., Am. Leg. tpwr. 4 pp. 
Organized Richmond, June 30, 1917; sailed Apr. 23, 1918; 
Brest; St. Laurent des Combes; target practice Camp de 
Souge; front Sept. 9; near Toul until Sept. 17; Meuse- 
Argonne; Neuvilly; Varennes, Oct. 5 to 11; Fleville; final 
drive; New York Feb. 4, 1919. 


111th Field Artillery; by Col. T. M. Wortham. tpwr. 14 pp. 

Historical background; R. O. T. C. at Ft. Oglethorpe; Camp 
McClellan, Sept. 1917; difficulties of training; writer honor- 
ably discharged June, 1918; regiment sailed in June, 1918. 

Battery B, 111th Field Artillery; letter from Battery Historian 
to Col. Wortham. A. L. S. 8 pp. 

Dates and roster. 


History of Battery B, 111th Field Artillery; submitted by Col. T. 
M. Wortham. mim. 20 pp. 

Mustered in June 26, 1917; Ft. Oglethorpe and Camp Mc- 
Clellan; sailed June, 1918; Liverpool and Cherbourg; train- 
ing at Migne and Camp de Meucon; Aillianville' No. 9; Arm- 

Brief History of the 315th Field Artillery; by Denny Wright, 
tpwr. 87 pp. 

Organization; mustering in; training at Camp Lee; sailed 
May 28, 1918; Camp No. 1, France; Redon, June 15; per- 
sonal impressions; Souilly, Sept. 11; Dead Man's Hill, Ar- 
gonne, Sept. 25; Bethencourt; Montfaucon; Armistice; de- 
tails of Meuse-Argonne; roster of officers 155th F. A. Brig.; 
roster officers 315th F. A. Reg.; conditions following Armis- 
tice; 15th Training Area. 


Overseas Service of Major Charles J. Calrow, 104th Engineers, 
tpwr. 83 pp. 

Left Hoboken June 19, 1918; Brest; Metz, July 9; region of 
Belfort; writer joins First Army; La Ferte sous Jouarre; 
Neuf chateau; plans for St. Mihiel; Ligney en Barrois; St. 
Mihiel; plans for Meuse-Argonne; Souilly; the Meuse- 
Argonne, (a) beginning, (b) first phase — traffic difficulties, 
(c) second phase — bombing, (d) third phase, (e) fourth 
phase, (f) last phase; the Armistice and after; some battle- 
fields; Bar-sur-Aube; Christmas in Germany; collection and 
compilation of reports; the First Army. 

History 305th Engineers; from Headquarters, Fnlvy, France, 
Feb. 9, 1919. tpwr. 28 pp. 

Organized Sept., 1917, at Camp Lee; composition; sailed 
May 26, 1918; Brest; training with British; road work 
Esnes to Bethincourt; during Meuse-Argonne; movements 
after Armistice; Fulvy and Chassignelles; personnel. 

History and Record of Events of the 510th Engineers, tpwr. 
20 pp. 

Organized at Camp Lee, Jan. 23, 1918; composition; details 
of work at camp; St. Nazaire, Apr. 12; work of various 
companies; officers; roster. 

Letters from Lt. Col. George E. A. Fairley, Corps of Engineers, 
Reserve U. S. A. re 511th Engineers, tpwr. 3 pp. 

Formed at Camp Lee Jan., 1918; overseas Mar., 1918, to 
June, 1919. 



History of the Medical Department of the Second Virginia Infan- 
try, Apr. 1, 1917, to Oct. 1, 1917; by Major Adam T. 
Finch, tpwr. 4 pp. 

Assigned to railroads in Southwest Virginia; Camp Mc- 

Some Notes on the Medical Department of the National Guard of 
Virginia; by Major Adam T. Finch, tpwr. 2 pp. 

Reorganization at Camp McClellan; 110th F. A. sailed June 
28, 1918; England; Cherbourg; no active service; U. S. 
May, 1919; personal activity of writer. 
Medical History of the 80th Division; copied from the files of the 

Historical Division, Office of the Surgeon General, 

U. S. A., Washington, tpwr. 100 pp. 
a — Divisional History. 

Preparation for departure; conditions on shipboard; Calais; 
health of men; Beauval; casualties; Aignay-le-Duc Area; 
Nancois Area; sanitary conditions; regimental service; 
Argonne Area; measures taken to localize and control epi- 
demics; statistics, 
b — History of 305th Sanitary Train. 

Organization; in Artois (British) Sector; activities of Train 
by companies; St. Mihiel Sector; Meuse-Argonne Offensive; 
Communications (15) re health and sanitation. 
History of the Sanitary Detachment of the 116th U. S. Infantry; 

by Major Giles B. Cook. tpwr. 19 pp. 
Formed Sept. 19, 1917, from 1st, 2nd, and 4th Regiments 
V. N. G.; roster; trained at Camp McClellan; sailed June 
15, 1918; St. Nazaire; Belfort and Bar-le-Duc Areas; Meuse- 
Argonne Offensive; casualties; 8th Corps to S. O. S. Apr. 
6, 1919. 


Report of Road and Quarry "Work, Base Section No. 1, A. E. F.; 
by Major William I. Lee. tpwr. 11 pp. 
Road construction and Maintenance in and around St. Na- 
zaire; quarry work incidental to above. 
Front Royal Remount Depot and the World War; by R. P. Cooke, 
Con't. Surgeon U. S. A. tpwr. _2 pp. 
Increased activity in war time. 
Report from Bureau of Animal Industries, U. S. Dept. of Agricul- 
ture, Front Royal, Va.; by Col. S. R. Millar, tpwr. 1 p. 
Breeding station. 


Welcome Home Celebration Program, Front Royal, Va. ptd. 
30 pp. 

Men who died in service; county roster; Draft Board; Red 
Cross — foreign service; Warren County Chapter, A. R. C; 
Liberty Loan Committees; War Savings Stamps Committees; 
miscellaneous committees; Confederate Veterans; program. 

The U. S. Naval Batteries, tpwr. 18 pp. 

Staff: description of guns; effects; first plans for mounted 
guns; further developments; ultimate results; battle of St. 
Nazaire; statistical conclusion. 

The following Chapters have been submitted by General Jo 
Lane Stern: 

Virginia Soldiers in the War. tpwr. 4 pp. 

Narrative of recruiting; experience and service of Virginia 
troops on the Mexican border. 

Organization That Went Into the War. tpwr. 2 pp. 

Notes on various organizations. 

The Field Artillery Regiment, tpwr. 2 pp. 

Organization and constituents. 
The Coast Artillery Companies, tpwr. 3 pp. 

Description of organization of Coast Artillery in Virginia. 
The Coast Artillery Companies (continued), tpwr. 4 pp. 

Description of difficulties in securing Federal recognition. 
Statement of Pvt. John Leedy, 116th Inf. tpwr. 2 pp. 
Notes on service of Dr. Giles B. Cook, surgeon 116th Inf. A. L. S. 

Overseas and at Camp McClellan. 
Personal record of Maj. Wm. J. Olds, Med. Corps. A. L. S. _2 pp. 
Sketch of service of Maj. John Izard, 60th Art. tpwr. 2 pp. 
Service Record of Frank P. Evans, major A. G. D. A. L. S. 1 p. 
Record of Major Richard G. Lyne, C. A. C. A. L. S. 2 pp. 
Statement of lit. Col. Robt. E. Craighill. ms. L. S. 2 pp. 
Passed Assistant Surgeon W. Armisted Gills. A. L. S. 2 pp. 
Copy of commendation of Major Potts by order of Lt. Gen. Lig- 
gett, tpwr. 1 p. 

General Order No. 21 , Apr. 2, 1919, by command Maj. Gen. 

Flagler, commending 42nd Military Police, mim. 1 p. 

Service of Col. Christopher B. Garnett in the War, Sept. 24, 
1918, to Sept. 3, 1919. 

Chairman of Board of Contract Adjustment; work of Col. 
Garnett in organizing and establishment of Board. 


Historical Sketch of Alexander W. Weddell, War Trade Board 

delegate to Greece, tpwr. 3 pp. 
Statement of Services of A. B. Cooke, Amer. Consul, Patras, 

Greece, tpwr. 2 pp. 
Poem; "The Red Cross Bloke," found among the effects of badly 
wounded British soldier., tpwr. 2 pp. 


History of Mustering, Camp Lee; by Capt. R. W. Mackey. tpwr. 
11 pp. 

Purpose of mustering; connection with, local draft boards 
and provost marshal general's office; mustering of 80th 
Div. and 155th Depot Brigade; centralized plan; types and 
spirit of men. 

History of Auxiliary Remount Depot No. 305, Camp Lee. tpwr. 
2 pp. 

Surroundings; depot established Sept., 1917; stock; road- 
ways, etc.; personnel. 
History of Utilities Organization of Camp Dee; by Capt. H. W 
Jones, tpwr. 5 pp. 
Summary; organized; water system, sewerage, roads, etc. 
History of Quartermaster Corps, Camp Lee; by Camp Supply Of- 
ficer, tpwr. 3 pp. 
Command; civilians; supplies; expenditures. 

History of Base Hospital at Camp Lee; by Capt. C. A. Burgheim 
tpwr. 43 pp. 

Organization and composition; food; communication witt 
relatives of ill men; death; site; physical features; organ- 
ized Sept. 1, 1917; the buildings; water supply, etc.; hea* 
ing; electrical equipment; laundry; nurses; administrative 
personnel; history of medical service; description of pro- 
cedure for various forms of illness; surgical staff; wounded; 
X-ray; neuro-psychiatric dept.; tuberculosis service; dental 
dept. ; genito-urinary dept.; recreation. 

Report of Convalescent Center, Camp Lee. tpwr. 5 pp. 

Administrative personnel; treatment given convalescent 
cases; recreation. 

Base Hospital Annex, Camp Lee; by Capt. E. G. MacFarland. 
tpwr. 6 pp. — 
Need of annex; preventing A. W. O. L. of quarantines; 
method of procedure in each case; records; administrative 
personnel. ,' 


History of Medical Department of Camp Lee; by Maj. J. S. 
Graves, tpwr. 5 pp. 

Establishment; scope of duties; notes on particular phases. 

The lied Cross at Camp Lee; by C. C. Pinckney. tpwr. 21 pp. 
The writer is called; Red Cross work supplementary and 
emergency work; enlargement of camp and resultant ne- 
cessity for enlarged scope of work; general impressions; 
distribution of supplies; notes on individual cases; in hos- 
pital area; in influenza epidemic; personnel and statistics. 

History of the Insurance Office of Camp Lee. tpwr. 5 pp. 

Conference in Washington following passage of War Risk 
Insurance Act; duties of office; campaign to sell insurance; 

Camp Personnel Office, Camp Lee. tpwr. 3 pp. 

Purpose of personnel work; beginning at Camp Lee; Loca- 
tor Section; camp personnel office; personnel adjutant; de- 

History of 105th Ordnance Depot, Camp Lee; by Lt. G. E. Daven- 
port, tpwr. 3 pp. 
Introduction; personnel; equipping the 80th Division; 
equipping the 37th Division; equipping replacement troops; 
after the armistice; division of the depot; the shops. 

Sketch of Office of the Provost Marshal, Camp Lee. tpwr. 2 pp. 
Organization; duties; policy. 

Work of the Office of Camp Judge Advocate, Camp Lee. tpwr. 
2 pp. 
Personnel; scope of duties. 

Historical Sketch of the Camp Lee Y. M. C. A. tpwr. 18 pp. 
Establishment of work in August, 1917; work among first 
arrivals; building up a staff; the first hut Sept., 1917; the 
Auditorium; Hut Service; monthly record for August, 1918; 
Officers' Club; religious activities; educational activities; 
recreational activities; social activities; business activities; 
special activities; hospital service. 

History of the Morale Office, Camp Lee; by Lt, Col. D. S. Wilson, 
tpwr. 3 pp. 
Establishment during excitement of intensive training; 
work following the Armistice; co-operation of welfare 
agencies; service to men about to be discharged. 

The Camp Library, Camp Lee; by Henry S. Green, tpwr. 7 pp. 
Plans at annual meeting A. L. A., Louisville, June, 1917; 
organized in Virginia under Dr. Mcllwaine; Central Library 
Building opened; branches; personnel of staff; literature 
handled; books for foreign born soldiers; conclusion. 


The Knights of Columbus at Camp Lee. tpwr. 6 pp. 

Introduction; at Camp Lee to greet first arrivals; work in 
the Camp; various services; conclusion. 

The Jewish Welfare Board at Camp Lee. tpwr. 3 pp. 

Establishment of branch at Camp Lee December, 1917; 
outline of activities; conclusion. 

Chaplains in Camp Lee. tpwr. 2 pp. 

Hospital work; standards of manhood instituted. 

Inf. Replacement and Training Camp, Camp Lee. 6 pieces, tpwr. 
18 pp. Cop. from Gov. Archives in Washington. 

1. Prog. rep. July 18th, re gas training, 1 p. 2. Prog. rep. 
re assault courses, 1 p. 3. Tr. Bull. No. 6, Aug. 21st, re 
saluting, courtesies, reporting, uniform, etc., 11 pp. 4. Tr. 
Bull. Sept. 23rd, course for non-com. off., 2 pp. 5. Tr. Bull. 
No. 15, Sept. 14th, daily sched., 3 pp. 6. Tr. Bull. No. 15, 
Sept. 15th, sched. of bugle instr., 1 p. 

Illustrated History of Camp A. A. Humphries; by Capt. Chas. 
T. DeRell. tpwr. 22 pp. Maps and photographs. 

Selection of site and location of camp; physical surround- 
ings; historical background; building the camp; opening 
the camp; utilities; rapidity of construction. 

History of Quantico Camp; by H. L. Roosevelt, tpwr. 4 pp. 

Site; physical features; railroads; quartermaster's depart- 
ment; statistical report. 

Overseas Depot, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Va. tpwr. 8 pp. 

Established May 22, 1918; organization; training; bayonet 
school; bombing school; gas school; automatic rifle school; 
snipers' school; machine gun school; miners' and sappers' 
school; tactical department and officers' school; recapitu- 
lation; First Officers' Training School; Medical Dept.; camp 
surgeon; base hospital; extra cantonment; personnel office. 

Medical Department, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Va.; by M. L. 
Mann. tpwr. 3 pp. 

Camp Surgeon; base hospital; extra cantonment. 

Work of the Personnel Office, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Va. 
tpwr. 1 p. 

Report of Official Duties, Post Chaplain, Marine Barracks, Quan- 
tico, Va.; by E. B. Niver. tpwr. 3pp. 2 pp. 

Assigned to Marine Barracks June 8, 1917; conditions when 
chaplain reported; Sunday services; Y. M. C. A.; hospital 
work; gymnasium and amusement building; band concerts; 


Religious work; sacrament to departing men; Council of 
Camp Welfare Activities; Post Amusement Fund; dances; 
Hostess House; influenza. 

Brief History of the Y. M. C. A. in Quantico; by W. L. Darby. 
tp\vr. 2 pp. 

Established June, 1917; personnel; various activities; 

Report of the Line Officers' Training Schools from the Declara- 
tion of War to the Discontinuance of the Schools; sent 
to Adj. Gen. U. S. A., by Col. Henry C. Cabell, cop. 
extr. 11 pp. 

Establishment of schools; First Series (Ft. Myer) ; qualifi- 
cations, etc.; graduates; Second Series (Ft. Myer); eligibil- 
ity, etc.; graduates; Third Series; Fourth Series; Central 
Officers' Training Schools (Camp Lee); qualifications, etc.; 
after the Armistice; graduates; summary. 

History of the Infantry Central Officers' Training School at Canrj 
Lee. tpwr. 53 pp. 

Part I — General. Origin of the Central Officers' Training 
Schools a nd beginning of the school at Camp Lee; drill 
field, buildings, and equipment; administrative and instruc- 
tional staff and candidates; organization and instruction; 
last phase and conclusion. 

Part II — Biographical and Statistical. Histories of sepa- 
rate organizations; number of candidates in each class; 
number of graduates in each class; sources from which 
candidates came; roster of officers on duty with school; 
tables of organization; schedules of instruction. 

Report on Infantry Officers' Training School, Camp Lee; by Col. 
H. A. Eaton, tpwr. 11 pp. 

Establishment of Infantry Officers' Training Schools; Col. 
Eaton to Camp Lee; students; buildings and equipment; 
general conditions; personnel; branches of jurisdiction; 
course of instruction; difficulties in course; conclusion. 
Material re Officers' Training School Course, Camp Lee; presented 
by Arthur Kyle Davis, Jr. 
Instructions for Offensive Combat of Small Units; pamph- 
let; 72 pp. 

Infantry Formation in Close Order; pamphlet; 16 pp. 
Score Card, Known Distance Rifle Practice. 
Questions and demonstrations on customs and courtesies of 
the service; mim. 10 pp. 
Barracks regulations; mim. 4 pp. 


Instructions respecting movement of troop trains; mim. 4 


The Company Mess; mim. 8 pp. 

Infantry Formations in close order; mim. 6 pp. 

Bayonet training; mim. 4 pp. 

Fitting of Shoes; mim. 2 pp. 

Metric Conversion tables and map symbols; mim. 8 pp. 

Examination in map reading; 12/14/18; mim. 1 p. 

Examination in topography; 1/4/91; mim. 1 p. 

Outline of Courts Martial procedure; mim. 5 pp. 

Rainy Day Instruction No. 1; mim. 5 pp. 

Infantry Drill Regulations, changes No. 23; mim. 2 pp. 

Examination, paper work; 1/11/19; mim. 2 pp. 

Diagrams of various company formations; mim. 5 pp. 

Outline of administration for company officers; mim. 10 pp. 

Bayonet fighting outlines for instructors; mim. 3 pp. 

List of rifle parts; mim. 1 p. 

Examples of topography. 

Instructions for trench construction; mim. 33 pp. 

Army paper work; mim. 50 pp. 

Sketching Methods; by W. C. Sweeney; pamphlet; 52 pp. 
Central Officers Training School, Camp Lee. Outlines and Re- 
ports 38 pieces, 94 pages, tpwr. Cop. fr. Gov. Archives 
in Washington. 

I. Course in topog., 2 pp. 2. Morning Rep., instr., 5 pp. 
3. Prog. Rep. July 1918, 1 p. 4. Gas Rep., 1 p. 5. Mem No. 
10, discip., org., duties of cand., sched., etc., 6 pp. 6. Org. 
Sheet July 22nd, 5 pp. 7. Inf. Rep. Aug. 17th, 4 pp. 8. Re- 
port, Aug. 24th, 2 pp. 9. Mem. No. 42, Aug. 27th, re ab- 
sences, 2 pp. 10. Letter Aug. 28th, re speeding-up, 2 pp. 

II. Rep. Aug. 31st, 2 pp. 12. Rep. Sept. 7th, 3 pp. 13. 
Mem. No. 51, Sept. 7th, re first serg. etc., 3 pp. 14. Tr. 
Bull, Sept. 9th, daily sched., 1 p. 15. Rep. Sept. 14th, 3 pp. 
16. Exc. fr. tr. circ. No. 17, 2 pp. 17. Inf. Sched. 3rd Bat., 
Sept. 16th, 2 pp. 18. Inf. Sched. 5th Bat. Sept. 17th, 1 p. 
19. Prog. Rep. Sept. 17th, 1 p. 20. Mem. No. 56, Sept. 18, 
re Bat. Parade, 2 pp. 21. Rep. Sept. 21st, 2 pp. 22. Rep. 
Sept. 2 8th, 2 pp. 23. Rep. Oct. 5th, 3 pp. 24. Rep. Oct. 
12th, 1 p. 25. Inf. Sched. 4th Bat. Oct. 21st, 2 pp. 26. Inf. 
Sched. 5th Bat. Oct. 21st, 2 pp. 27. Inf. Sched. 6th Bat. 
Oct. 21st, 2 pp. 28. Inf. Sched. 3rd Bat. Oct. 31st, 2 pp. 
29. Rep. Oct. 26th, 1 p. 30. Mem. No. 73, Oct. 25th, re 
target prac. 3 pp. 31. Tr. Sched. 4th Bat. Oct. 26th, 1 p. 
32. Summ. of bayonet Tr. 5 Less, Oct. 31st, 5 pp. 33. 
Strength Rep. Nov. 2nd, 1 p. 3. Rep. Nov. 29th, 2 pp. 


35. Strength Rep. Nov. 9th, 1 p. 36. Inf. Sched. 3rd Bat. 
Nov. 15th, 1 p. 37. Inf. Sched. 4th Bat. Nov. 11th, 2 pp. 
38. Inf. Sched. 9th week, Nov. 11th, 1918, 3 pp. 

Publications of the Infantry Officers Training School, Camp Lee. 

Three copies of the "Musket." 

Series of Instruction Memoranda No. 1 through 6. 


History of the Port of Embarkation, Newport News, Virginia; by 
Lieut. M. J. Mackler. tpwr. 550 pp. 

Foreword; Historical and descriptive sketch of Newport 
News and vicinity; Embarkation port organization; advan- 
tages of location, surroundings, etc.; physical description; 
construction; personnel of administrative headquarters; his- 
tory of office of chief of staff; port adjutant's office; judge 
advocate's office; office of port inspector; port finance office; 
port medical office; port veterinarian office; provost mar- 
shall office; port utilities; motor transport corps; troop 
movement office; statistical office; signal office; intelligence 
office; chaplain office; transportation office; morale office; 
insurance office; animal embarkation depot, Camp Hill; army 
transport service; bakery Co. No. 382, Camp Stuart; general 
supply depot; quartermaster's office; traffic office; reclama- 
tion laundry; salvage division; wagon company No. 3, Q. M. 
C; Zone property auditor's office; army supply base; engi- 
neer depot, Lambert's Point; expeditionary quartermaster's 
department; motor transport (overseas shipments); ord- 
nance department; ordnance depot, Pig's Point; storage of- 
fice; Camp Alexander; Camp Hill; Camp Morrison; Air Ser- 
vice Depot, Camp Morrison; headquarters Camp Stuart; de- 
mobilization board; mail service; maritime investigating 
board; survey board; athletic organization; Red Cross; Rail- 
road Administration. 

History of the Work Under the Department of Port Chaplain, 
Port of Embarkation, Newport News. ms. 5 pp. 

Establishment at Emb. Port; duties; specific responsibili- 
ties; scope of the field; kinds of work; athletics; education; 
instruction for soldiers returning as patients; program for 
patients; instruction for soldiers returning in health; pro- 
gram for overseas soldiers; transport duty; relation of chap- 
lain to welfare agencies; religious work; achievements; per- 
sonal work; conclusion. 


Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads; Its Development; by 
Rear Admiral A. C. Dillingham, tpwr. 36 pp. 

Advantages of Hampton Roads as locale; historical sketch 
of the base; purchase of Jamestown Exposition property and 
establishment of permanent base June, 1917; President's 
Proclamation; capacity of base; physical description; re- 
pair and rehabilitation of exposition buildings; aviation; hos- 
pital section; supply section; permanent storage develop- 
ment; submarine basin; summary notes. 

History of the Fifth Naval District, tpwr. 48 pp. 

First period, Jan. 1, 1917, to Apr. 6, 1917, initial steps of 
organization; second period, Apr. 7, 1917, to Apr. 7, 1918; 
executive, administrative and clerical organization; enroll- 
ment and training; Naval Air Service; Ensign School; Rifle 
Range; guarding coast and adjacent waters; pay office; sup- 
ply; communication; Baltimore and Cherrystone Island; 
coast inspection; armed guard; conclusion. 

Fifth Naval District, tpwr. 21 pp. 

Activities of the military group; anti-submarine defence 
nets; operations ashore, preparations for mine laying; patrol 
force; section bases. 

Outline Report, Camps and Cantonments in Elizabeth City County* 
Langley Field; by Mrs. John F. Nichols, tpwr. 5 pp. 

Location; site; physical description; troops; functions of 
camp; camp surgeons and hospitals; various activities. 

Communication Activities in the Fifth Naval District During the 
War. tpwr. 6 pp. 

Radio, telephone, telegraph, and cable. 

The Armed Guard in the World War; by J. Sydney Fitzgerald, 
tpwr. 17 pp. 

Early days of the war; Armed Guard to combat submarine 
warfare on merchant shipping; founding; equipping and 
arming ships; offices at Newport News and Baltimore; sup- 
ply of guns and ammunition; co-operation between armed 
Guard Commander and Master of merchant ship; personal 
notes; aemobolization ; summary; "The Naval Armed 
Guard", from Navy Life Magazine. 

History of the Armed Guard Detail, Jan. 1, 1917, to Apr. 6, 1918. 
tpwr. 18 pp. 

Organization; difficulties; training; general activities; list 
of vessels carrying Armed Guard with brief remarks re inci- 
dents of note. 



War Camp Community Service in Virginia, 1917 to 1920; by R. 
C. Stearnes. tpwr. 10 pp. 

National origin; instituted in Virginia; raising funds; men's 
clubs; entertainments; Anzac Soldiers; Officers' Clubs; Army 
Women's Clubs; olored Red Circle Club; work among the 
colored people; home hospitality; girls' department; Unity 
Club, Richmond; community singing; work in hospitals; in- 
formation bureaus; Welcome Home Building, Newport 
News; summary; letter from J. Allen, Prime Minister of 
New Zealand, appreciative of reception of Anzac Troops. 

History of the War Camp Community Service in Virginia from 
May, 1917, through Demobilization; prepared by Na- 
tional Headquarters, tpwr. 30 pp. 
Clubs; girls' work; community singing; Travelers' Aid and 
Information; colored work; hospitals; employment; mis- 
cellaneous; (all subjects treated under city heads). 

Review of National War Camp Community Service Work. mim. 
5 pp. 
Instigation and organization; funds; sphere of usefulness; 
extent of activities; clubs and equipment; home hospitality; 
later work. 

Letter, Wm. G. Robinson to R. C. Stearnes, Dec. 13, 1920. 
A. L. S. 1 p. 
Statement of expenditures of W. C. C. S. Sept., 1918, to Dec. 
11, 1920, in Virginia. 

Richmond War Camp Community Service, tpwr. 7 pp. 

Origin; committees; clubs; colored club; colored girls' club; 
officers' club; community sings; Travelers' Aid; holiday sea- 
son; community service; club entertaining; homeward bound 
soldiers; Playground and Recreation Assn.; general work; 
Unity Club; Community Club; personnel notes. 

Women's Auxiliary, War Camp Community Service, Richmond 

(formerly Godmother's League) ; by Mrs. G. T. W. 

Kern and Mrs. J. C. Robertson, tpwr. 14 pp. 

General activities; Red Cross Aux.; Christmas; committee 

reports; Ball, Jan. 11, 1919; at Westhampton; hospital 

work; commendatory letters; homecoming and Armistice. 

Petersburg War Camp Community Service, tpwr. 9 pp. 

The community; first W. C. C. S. undertakings; financial 
campaign; Travelers' Aid; entertainment of soldiers; Wild 
West Show; Camp Lee; Army Women's Club; cafe; per- 
sonnel and summary notes. 


Newport News War Camp Community Service, tpwr. 53 pp. 

Community description; adjoining camps; organization of 
W. C. C. S.; activities; near by towns, Williamsburg, Lee 
Hall, Smithfield, Fox Hill; community co-operation; de- 
mobilization and employment; welcome home celebration; 
memorial; features of W. C. C. S. work; apprisal of results; 

Portsmouth War Camp Community Service; (folder) ptd. 46 x 
76 in. 
City and environment; library; clubs for enlisted men; 
W. C. C. S.; Girls' Div.; Travelers' Aid; housing, employ- 
ment, information; community service program; colored 
div.; map of city and surroundings, information, etc. 

Portsmouth Women's Work under W. C. C. S. ; by Ellen K. Gross, 
tpwr. 2 pp. 
Statement of accomplishments and personnel notes. 

Alexandria War Camp Community Service; by H. H. Van Wise, 
tpwr. 5 pp. 
Organization; personnel; buildings and activities (white); 
colored division; summary. 

Danville War Camp Community Service; by A. L. Lincoln, 
tpwr. 1 p. 

Lynchburg War Camp Community Service; by A. L. Lincoln, 
tpwr. 1 p. 

Norfolk War Camp Community Service; by W. T. Alsover. 
tpwr. 3 pp. 

Hampton War Camp Community Service; ms. 7 pp. 
Phoebus War Camp Community Service, ms. & ptd. 8 pp. 
Committee Members and Community Organizers in Virginia, 
tpwr. 2 pp. 

Arranged according to cities. 


Diary of Lucian H. Cocke, Jr., Roanoke, Va.; Aviation Service; 
Mar. 29, 1917, to May 22, 1919. cop. 121 pp. 

First Co. C. A. C. drawn into Govt. Ser. Mar., 1917; guard- 
ing Pepper Tunnel; Ft. Monroe Apr. 9th; special training 
at Ft. Myer; commissioned in Coast Artillery Officers' Re- 
serve Corps, Nov. 27, 1917; home and to New York; sailed 
Dec. 12, 1917; Liverpool, Winchester, and Havre; Mailly 
Le Camp; chose Aerial Observation; in the air Feb. 9, 
1918, at Hanssimont; wireless practice; socks; Cayaux, 


Mar. 27, 1918; French Escadrille at Lure, Haute Saone; 
Seulis May 23, 1918; forced back to La Ferte; accident in 
Escadrille; target practice from planes; joined the 39th 
Escadrille, 38th Corps d'Armes at Cjailly en Bue July 4th; 
over the lines; Boche attack July 15; accident to plane fol- 
lowing air battle; writer in hospital; Avignon, Dijon, Biar- 
ritz; Dijon; short stay in Paris; rejoined Escadrille near 
Dancourt Oct. 9, 1918; flying again; Capt. dead; new ter- 
rain near Wagemoulin Oct. 21; an air battle; squeezed out 
of a front; Armistice; in hospital with twisted knee; 
Christmas near Neuf Brisach on the Rhine; leave, at Paris; 
excursions in and around Vosges; left Escadrille Mar. 31, 
1919; Brest, waiting orders to sail; docked, U. S. May 22, 

Diary of T. F. Heath, Jr., Petersburg, Va.; Univ. of Va. Hosp. 
Unit; Sept. 10, 1917, to Feb. 9, 1919. Cop. 20 pp. 
Sailed Christmas, 1917; St. Nazaire; assembling and test- 
ing motor cars; trip to Paris and Belfort; in and about 
Belfort; rejoined S. S. U. 516 at Chausy au Bach; into 
fror.t line 6/3/18; ambulance work during offensive; a sec- 
ond offensive; following the German retreat; cootie hunt; 
on leave, in Savoy; quartered near St. Quentin; Mennevret; 
Armistice; at St. Gratian; Pres. Wilson at Paris; Guise; 
Meubeuge; to sail for home; section roll; evacuation sta- 
tistics and citations. 

Diary of Ralph Harvey Jones, Petersburg, Va.; Off. Tr. Sch., 
France; May 20th, 1918, to Apr. 26, 1919. Cop. 40 pp. 
Foreword; "My Overseas Notebook"; Camp Sherman; May 
24, 1918, to Camp Merritt, N. J.; sailed June 21; Halifax; 
London, Southampton, and France; Havre; Esnouveaux; 
Clamecy July 29th; Town Major Work; transferred to Third 
Corps Schools; O. T. S. Langres, Oct. 3rd; peace; graduated 
but not commissioned by twelve hours; back to Clamecy; 
Christmas; a wild boar hunt; promoted to Sgt., Feb. 6th; 
Clamecy to St. Sulphice with prisoner; leave, Mar. 1 to 15; 
discharge Mar. 26; leave for home Mar. 30; sailed Apr. 
16th; New York Apr. 25; discharged Camp Mills, N. J., May 

Diary of Major W. W. LaPrade, Richmond, Va.; 111th Field Ar- 
tillery, June 29, 1917, to Aug. 20, 1919. Ms. 133 pp. 
Entered Federal service June, 1917; R. O. T. C, Fort Ogle- 
thorpe, July to Dec; Camps McClellan and Mills; left for 
France July, 1918; Command of brigade on artillery range 
at Gondrecourt, Feb., 1919; Graduated from artillery school 


March, 1919; With Gen. Haller's troops to Poland; Paris; 
Rheims; Hindenburg Line; Assigned as conveying officer 
with officer of B. E. F.; V. M. I. dinner at University Union, 
Paris; Reported for duty to Polish Major, Vittel, April 30th; 
Lodz, Warsaw, Coblentz, Mayence, Cologne, Metz, Nancy; 
Reported to Polish Commission at Luxeuil les Bains; Or- 
dered to accompany Polish Hdqrtrs. Troop to Langres; 
Langres to Belfort to Lodz May 21st, submitting reports; 
Purchasing supplies at Coblentz; Wiesbaden, Mayence, 
Nancy back to Luxeuil les Bains; Directed to St. Dizier; 
Delay; Trip to Paris; Third trip to Poland June 4th; Ar- 
rived Lodz June 10th, 1919; Report of shrapnel near Lissa; 
unrest at Glogau; armored train convoy; Ordered to France 
June 15th; Kodaks of machine gun emplacements near 
Lissa; German officer protests; Result; Ordered to St. Di- 
zier, thence to Mayence and Wiesbaden; Again purchasing 
supplies in Coblentz; Peace Treaty signed; Troop movement 
stopped; Ordered to report in Paris July 5th; Via Cologne, 
Brussels, Arras; Saw Petain reviewing French troops at 
Mayence; Treaty of Peace signed June 28th; Brussels to 
Antwerp in American coach; In Paris, July 4th; Great 
celebration; Via Versailles to Brest; Visited Margot; Sailed 
from Brest, S. S. Mobile, July 16th, 1919; New York, Camp 
Dix; Fifteen-day leave, Aug. 4th; Visited Richmond, Camp 
Lee, Seven Pines; Discharged at Camp Dix, Aug. 20th, 1919. 


American Red Cross in the Eastern Area of the World War; by 
Col. Henry W. Anderson, tpwr. 156 pp. 

The call; going over; itinerary; impressions en route; ob- 
servations in Japan; Port Arthur and Vladivostok; on the 
Trans-Siberian Railway; experiences in Russia; arrival in 
Roumania; headquarters of the Red Cross; personnel; scope 
of duties; organization of A. R. C. in Roumania; difficul- 
ties encountered; shipping routes for supplies; nature and 
quantity of supplies; methods of distribution; ships and 
railways; diplomacy and inter-allied relations; through 
Russia to the Arctic; Russia in revolution; transfer to 
Greece and the Balkans; interaction of relief work and 
military movements; apportionment of relief; some Red 
Cross experiences; itinerary of A. R. C. commissioner in 
Balkans; advances and retreats; the Armistice; post-war 
experiences in Red Cross work; the final accounting; return 
to America. 


A Chaplain with the Army; by G. W. M. Taylor, tpwr. 19 pp. 

Introduction; in the training camp; what the regiment was 
religiously; our citizen patriotism; overseas with the regi- 
ment; on shipboard; England; Havre; French rest camps; 
influenza; not in front line; after the Armistice; Sunday 
night dances; conclusion. 

The Cross in the Tempest, Personal War Experiences; by Chap- 
lain James R. Laughton, 319th Inf. tpwr. 12 pp. 

Commissioned Feb. 26, 1918, with 314th Machine Gun Bat- 
talion; overseas; Base Hospital No. 6; Beauval; bombing 
raid; again with the 314th; Verdun, Dead Man's Hill; 
Meuse-Argonne; religion in action; conclusion; "The Sol- 
dier's If." 

Experiences with International Armistice Commission; by Col. 
John A. Cutchins. tpwr. 46 pp. 

Establishment of Permanent International Armistice Com- 
mission, Nov. 18, 1918, at Spa; nations represented; sketch 
of Gen. Endant, Chairman Allied Section; personnel; Spa 
and quarters of allied missions; opening of session; com- 
mittees and work of each — a, materials; b, transportation; 
c, prisoners; d, entretien; e, restitution; writer member of 
committee on entrietien; personnel and work of committee; 
definition of entretien; meeting of Jan. 30, 1919; discus- 
sion over standard of cost of troop maintenance; requisi- 
tions extension of Armistice Dec. 13th and Jan. 18th; duties, 
methods, and accomplishments of Armistice Commission; 

Some Reflections Relating to my Experience as Library Assistant 
at Two Camps in the Employ of the American Library 
Association; by H. H. Harwood. ms. 5 pp. 

Introduction; Camp Jackson; type of literature in demand; 
Camp Wadsworth; intellectual standards. 

Civilian Activities in War Time; by Charles Hall Davis, Peters- 
burg, Va. tpwr. 125 pp. 

Liberty Bond — use of adjustable coupon bond; airplane ac- 
tivities — the Eisenhuth Airplane Ship — the Mylius Air- 
plane; waterway activities — suggesting and advocating At- 
lantic to the Gulf trans-Florida Canal; Red Cross activi- 
ties; Russian-American Relations — plans for intercourse; 
Russian Church activities — attempt to reorganize Russian 
Orthodox Church of North America; Czecho-Slovak activi- 
ties — aid in establishing closer relations between U. S. and 
Provisional Government; Liberty Bond Bank — plan for spe- 
cial bank; war poems; discussion of public questions. Post- 


War activities — Mexican Banking activities — criticism of 
proposed banking system of Mexico; League of Nations — 
discussion, etc.; discussion of Prohibition Enforcement; 
Women's Suffrage activities — advocating ratification of 
amendment; transportation activities — plans for manage- 
ment of railroads under government control; local activi- 
ties. Pre-War Activities Work on securing location of gov- 
ernment armor plant and Federal Land Bank at Petersburg. 

Experiences of the Great War; by Lieut. Col. Ashby Williams, 
Co. E, 320th Infantry, pub. 197 pp. 
Embarked May 18, 1918; St. Nazaire; Calais; British Train- 
ing Area; British Trenches; in command of First Battalion; 
St. Mihiel; Cuisy; casualties; participants; Trench des Arti- 
sans, Oct. 6; relieved Oct. 12; summary; drive of Nov. 1 to 
8; post war description; New York, May 30, 1919; demobil- 
ized Camp Sherman, June 7. 

Story of a War Chaplain; by S. O. Wright, Chaplain 4th Cavalry, 
Brownsville, Texas, tpwr. 9 pp. 
Enlistment at Newport News; 316th Infantry, 79th Division; 
personnel; attitude toward chaplain; congregation in camp; 
regimental school; religious interests, Camp communion; 
service at sea; in France; the front; services under difficul- 
ties; Argonne Offensive; burying dead under fire; left by 
Division; rejoining Division; Sunday after battle; message 
to men; response; Sunday in Verdun; again in action; in 
command of 2 50 men to bury dead; wedding bells at Front; 
in hospital; return; compensation. 


History of Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company 
in the War. tpwr. 51 pp. 

Introduction; capacity of yard; pre-war record — naval con- 
struction; naval construction in the war; naval construc- 
tion after the Armistice; merchant marine; merchant 
vessels in Shipping Board and Government Service; war 
record in merchant construction; repair work; Richmond 
Boiler Plant; plant improvement; housing of labor; em- 
ployment; selective service laws; plant protection; training 
center; Red Cross and other relief activities of Company; 
war gardens; Liberty Loans; special work of Mr. H. L„ 
Ferguson; statistical appendices. 
Report of Convalescent Camp, Hospital Center, Saveray, France; 
by R. A. Morison, Capt. M. C. tpwr. 22 pp. 
Foreword; schools; common school branches; tin smithing 


school; motor mechanic and auto school; kitchen and mess 
routine; school in commercial branches; school of wood- 
working; sign painting school; dramatic school; military 
routine; statistics re attendance; products of tin shop; prod- 
ucts of wood working school. 

History of the First Christian Church (Disciples), Norfolk, Va.; 
by C. M. Watson, tpwr. 68 pp. 

Attitude of congregation in national movements, etc.; pa- 
triotic services; prayers and hymns; War Work Committee; 
entertainments for men in uniform; attendance of men at 
services; services of farewell and on return; funds for war 
purposes, Red. Cross, etc.; financial participation in relief 
agencies; Liberty Loans; food conservation; minister's 
camp pastor's work; church as a unit in various war en- 
terprises; conclusion. 

The American Library Association in Virginia During the War; 
by Dr. H. R. Mcllwaine. tpwr. 10 pp. 

Collection of books and magazines; methods of reaching 
the men with the material; results; A. L. A. campaign; 
A. L. A. in United War Work Campaign; success of cam- 
paigns in Virginia. 

Federal Fuel Administration in Virginia; by John C. Dillon, 
tpwr. 7 pp. 
Organization; outline of various steps taken to regulate 
fuel in Virginia. 

Final Report of Federal Fuel Administrator for Virginia, ptd. 
8 pp. 

A — general; B — Bureau of Conservation; C — personnel. 

Lessons in Food Conservation for Clubs and Study Groups; is- 
sued by Home Economics Section, Federal Food 
Administration for Virginia, mini. 42 pp. 

Food Control a War Measure; Body fuel; proteins; carbon- 
hydrates; cereals; sugars; fats; meats, eggs, etc.; dairy 
products; vegetables and fruits; needs of the body. 

Virginia Division, the National League for Woman's Service; 
report of State Chairman for year ending Apr. 1, 
1918; by Mrs. W. W. Sale. ptd. 18 pp. 

Officers and county chairmen; report of chairman; treas- 
urer's report; America First Committee; Red Cross; social 
and welfare; overseas relief; Liberty Loans; knitting; in- 
dustrial; food conservation; gardening; convalescent 
homes; summary. 


Attitude of the Church Toward the War; by J. M. Rise (Roanoke 
County), tpwr. 8 pp. 

Introduction; church and patriotism; maternal solicitude; 
conditions in Roanoke County; honor rolls of various 
churches; bravery of George O. Bishop. 

The Final Roster, A Roster of the Soldiers who saw Service in 
the Great War from Nottoway County, Va. ; edited by 
Walter W. Cobb. pub. 24 pp. 

Red Cross Work; Women's Service League; Soldiers' Com- 
fort League; Local, Legal Advisory and Medical Boards; 
Roster with brief service record of each (white and colored). 

History of the Imperial Recreation Club for Men of the Service, 
Berkley-Norfolk; by Sophie L. Williams, pub. illus. 
30 pp. 
Officers; names of those contributing to success of club; 
poem, "Dedication"; founding of club; entertainments, etc.; 
duties of men on watch; correspondence re work of club. 
14 full page plates and numerous small photographs. 

World War History of the Jews of Richmond; by Herbert T. 
Ezekiel and Gaston Lichtenstein. pub. 63 pp. 
I, Soldiers and Sailors; II, Jews in service, (a) residents, 
(b) enlisting in Richmond, now living elsewhere, (c) Rich- 
monders enlisting elsewhere, (d) enlisting elsewhere, now 
residing in Richmond; III, Diary of Sgt. Isadore Bernstein, 
Co. B, 318th Infantry; IV, civilian service; V, entertainment 
and general activities. 

War Relief Assn. of Virginia. 

Yearly report for year ending June 1, 1917. 

Yearly report for year ending June 1, 1918. 

Complimentary Lecture by Maj. I. H. Beith, Jan. 25, 1919 — 


Letter from Miss Allene Stokes re War Relief Assn. 

Performance of the Troop Movement Section, U. S. Railroad 
Administration, Newport News, July, 1917, to Aug. 30, 
1919 — also Army Base, Norfolk, July 3, 1919, to Aug. 
30, 1919; by H. S. Stark, tpwr. 11 pp. 
Establishment; camps within jurisdiction; statistics; trans- 
fer of operations to Army Base; sick and wounded handled 
at Newport News. 

The Founding of a Nation, 1607-1919; published by The C. F. 
Sauer Company, Richmond, Virginia, ptd. 30 pp. 
Foreword; brief historical sketch of U. S.; chronological 
table; principal events of World War; statistics of the World 
War; changes wrought by World War. 


History of DuPont Plant, Hopewell; by W. P. Allen, tpwr. 15 pp. 

Hopewell District in 1914; Historic City Point; DuPont 
Dynamite Plant; War output over billion pounds of gun- 
cotton; billion and half pounds high explosives; 40 per cent. 
total Allied production; Comparisons; Nitric and sulphuric 
acid areas; Daily output; 35 nationalities; building plant; 
28,000 employees at peak; Striking figures; Cost $40,000,- 
000; Engineering dept. ; First unit operates after three 
months, Jan. 30, 1915; Plant completed June 1, 1916; Work- 
men's villages; medical care, hospital, community buildings; 
Building boom, amazing prices; Great fire, Dec, 1915; Ef- 
fects; Hopewell incorporated July, 1916; Modern Hopewell; 
Trolley and concrete roads; Armistice; Farewell salaries 
and transfers; Changes; New business; Special items; Y. M. 
C. A.; DuPont Club; Food conservation; Census; Housing 
conditions; Shifts; Wages; Overtime; Red Cross; Liberty 
Loan subscriptions. 

Guide to Virginia Organizations Entering 29th, 42nd and 80th 

The 29th Division. 

The First, Second and Fourth Regiments of Infantry, Virginia 
National Guard were absorbed in the 116th Regiment of Infan- 

The First Field Artillery, Virginia National Guard, became the 
111th Field Artillery. 

The First Squadron of Cavalry, Richmond Light Infantry 
Blues, (four troops) became the Horse Battalion, 104th Ammu- 
nition Train. 

The 42nd Division. 

The First Company Coast Artillery (Roanoke), Virginia Na- 
tional Guard, and the Second Company of Coast Artillery (Lynch- 
burg), Virginia National Guard, became the 117th Trains, Head- 
quarters and Military Police. 

80th Division. 

The 317th Regiment and the 318 Regiment were composed 
mainly of drafted men from Virginia, so that these were almost 
distinctively Virginia Regiments. 

The 319th Regiment and 320th Regiment also contained a 
number of drafted men from Virginia, although these two regi- 
ments were composed mainly of drafted men from Western 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia. 

The 314th Machine Gun Battalion was composed mainly of 
drafted men from Virginia. 

This statement will make clear the principle of arrangement of 
the military histories calendared. 




A List of Her MAj tys Qt. Rents In the Isle of Wighte 
County in the Year 1704. 

Jno. Atkins 


James Atkinson 


Wm. Exam 


Wm. Brown 


Frances Exam 


Rich d Bennett 


James Briggs 


Ph. Bratley 


Abr. Drawler 


Jno. Branch 


Francis Branch 


Edw d Brantley 


Jn° Brantley 


Edw d Boykin 

1 100 

Geo. Barloe 


Jno. George 


Tho. Carter 


Reubin Cooke 


Jno. Clarke 


Tho. Cook 


Wm. Clark 


Edw d Champion 


Jn° Dowles 


Peter Deberry 


Thomas Davis 


Jn° Davis 


Peter Hayes 


Christ Hollyman [Holeman] 


Rich d Hardy 



Tho. Holyman 


Jn° Harris 


Silvester Hill 


Roger Hodge 


Arthur Jones 


Edw d Jones 


Rich d Jones 


Jn° Johnson 


Roger Ingram 


Matt Jorden 


Tho. Newman 


Geo. Readick [Riddick] 


Francis Lee 


Ph. Pardoe 


Jno. Parsons 


Geo. Moore 


Jn° Mangam 


Robt. Mongo 


Henry Martin 


Jn° Murray 


Francis Rayner 


Jn° Rich d son 


James Sampson 


Jn° Stevenson 


Tho. Sherrer 


Jn° Sherrer 


Wm. Thomas 


Tho. Tooke 


Tho. Throp 


Baleaby [Barneby?] Terrell 


Peter Vasser 


Jn° Williams 


Geo. Williamson 


Fra. Williamson 


Tho. Wood 


James Lupo 


Eliz b Reynolds 


Jn° Sojourner 


Rob 1 Hoge 


Andrew Woodley 


Arthur Allen 



Henry Baker 750 

Rubin Prockter 250 

Tho. Howell 100 

Nath. Whitby 170 

Jane Atkins 600 

Jn° Mongo 100 

Natt Ridley 200 

Jn° Bell 200 

Wm. West 250 

Charles Goodrich 80 

Jn° Britt 350 

Jn° Barnes 200 

Henry Goldham iooc 

Jn° Waltham 450 

Charles Edwards 40J 

Wm. Exam 150 

Maj r Lewis Burwell 7000 

Henry Applewaite 1500 

Tho. Pitt 300 

Jn° Pitt 3400 

Mary Benn 675 

Robt. Clark 450 

Antho. Holliday 860 

Wm. Westrak 450 

Eliz b Gardner 100 

Jn° Gardner 246 

Jn° Turner 950 

Anth° Foulgham 100 

Anne Williams 150 

Edw d Harris 240 

Jn° Cotten 200 

Tho. Joyner 1400 

Jn° Lawrence 400 

Tho. Mandre 200 

Wm. Mayo 300 

John Garland 100 

James Bryan 1200 


Wm. Keate 


Jn° Browne 


Francis Sanders 


Jn° Rogers 


Hodges Council 


Hardy Council 


Jn° Council 


Tho. Reeves 


Wm. Crumpler 


Bridgman Joyner 


Eliz b Swan 


Tho. Jones 


Arthur Whitehead 


Tho. Allen 


Jerimiah Exum 


Nich° Casey 


Jn° Giles 


Alex d Camoll 


Jn° Rutter 


God fry Hunt 


Wm. Trygell 


Benj a Jorden 


Tho. Jorden 


Jno. King 


Wm. Wilkinson 


Tho. Groce 


Wm. West 


Jn° Penny 


Robt Richards 


Tho. Northworthy 


Fra. Parker 


Widd° Long 


Trustram Northyorthy [Norsworthy] 


Geo. Green 


Jn° Druer 


Phil Pierce 


Wm. Best 


Humphry Marshall 


Tho. Breever 


Wm. Smith 



Sam 11 & Wm. Bridger 12900 

Wm. Williams 100 

Rich d Ratcliffe 380 

Joshua Jordan 150 

Dan 11 Sandbourne 180 

Nich Foulgham 780 

Mary Marshall 200 

Joseph Godwin 250 

Joseph Bridger 580 

Henry Pitt 700 

James Baron 300 

Arthur Smith 3607 

Robt. Brock 400 

Wm. Godwin 400 

Hugh Bracey 1000 

Henry Turner 350 

Tho. Wootten 963 

Rich d Reynolds, Sen r 853 

Rich d Reynolds 746 
Jn° Parnell . 400 

Benj a Deall 467 

Theo. Joyner 595 

Jn° Jordan 100 

Henry Wiggs 506 

Wm. Body 1375 

Arthur Purcell 750 

Jn° Porteus 100 

Wm. West 690 

Simon Everett 1100 

Walter Waters 150 

John Jordan 150 

John Nevill 433 

Robt Colman 1500 

Wm. Green 150 

Mary Cobb 150 

Robert Edw ds 150 

Anne Jones 100 

Abraham Jones 100 

John Jones 200 

Rich d Lewis 100 


Henry Dullard [Dillard] ? 100 

Tho. Williams ioo 

James Mercer ioo 

Pooll Hall 350 

Jno. Howell 100 

Tho. Lovett 100 

Geo. Anderson 150 

Daniell Notteboy 100 

Henry Wilkinson 350 

Jno. Watkins 200 

Tho. English 100 

Tho. Page 203 

Francis Davis 100 

Rich d Braswell 100 

Robt. Johnson 2450 

Jn° Minshea 300 

Wm. Pry an 200 

Wm. Dawes 400 

Nich° Tyner 300 

Isaac Ricks 700 

Robt. Scott 300 

Jn° Roberts 950 

Wm. Duck 180 

Robt. Lawrence 400 

Jn° Denson 200 

Rob 1 Sneely 600 

Francis Bridle 250 

Roger Failton 237 

Tho. Bullock 100 

Wm. Murfry 600 

Tho. Powell 100 

Widd° Glyn 390 

Jn° Pope 250 

Tho. Gayle 200 

Wm. Powell 200 

Rich d Hutchins 300 

Hen Boseman 100 

Henry Pope 557 

John W ms 971 



Hen. Sanders 


Jn° Selloway 


Jn° Bardin 


Phill Rayford 


Phil Pearse 


Jn° Terseley 


Geo. Northworthy [Norsworthy] 

1 176 

Rob 1 Rich ds 


Tho Bevan 


W m Hunter 


Madison Street 


Tho Wheatley 


Rich d Wilkinson 


James Bragg 


Jn° Porteus 


Tho. Harris 


Edw d Harris 


Nich° Askew 


Ambrose Hadley 


Widd Powell 


Tho. Jones 


Tho. Underwood 


Rob* King 


Tho. Giles 


Lewis Smelly 


W m Smelly 


Godfry Hunt 


Edmund Godwin 


Ytfm ^ms 


John Wilson 


John Bryan 


John Askew 


Sam 11 Bridger 


Roger Nevill 


Coll. Godwin 


Jacob Durden [Darden?] 



W m Bridger 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbleton, London, S. W. 20, England 


Dorothe Coke of Trowell, co. Nottinghamshire. Will 
dat 20 May 1651. To be buried at Kirkeby, co. Nottin. near 
my late husband William C. of Trulsley, co. Derby, Esq. To 
my sister Gilbert, ring & £5. To my nephew Henry Gilbert 
£20. To my nephews Philip Gilbert & John Gilbert £10 each. 
To my nephew Thomas Gilbert £5. To my nephew Henry 
Gilbert's eldest son Henry 5 marks & to his four younger sons, 
Thos., William, John & Charles G. 40s. a piece. To my sister 
Butler £40. To her son my nephew Sir Francis B. £20. To 
her daur's., my neice Susanna Aykeroyd £5. To my bro. Thos. 
Paramore £10. To my sister his wife 40s. To my sister 
Saunders of Siresham £10. To my neice Jane Ensor £10 etc. 
To my neice Mary Cartewright £10. To my neice Dorothy 
Saunders another of my sd. sister Saunders' dau'rs border of 
pearl & gold. To my nephew Francis Saunders son of my sd. 
sister 5 marks. To my nephew Francis Saunders & late of 
Shanketon £10. To my neice Jane Holford his sister £10. To 
my neice Elizabeth Saunders their sister, featherbed etc. at 
Trowell & 40s. To my sons & daurs in law Richard Coke, 
Elizabeth his wife, Timothy Coke, Elizabeth Sherman, Mary 
Fitzherbert & Alice Harper £5 a piece. To my bro. Gilbert 
Coke & his son Charles C. & his dau'r. Frances Coke 5 marks 
a piece. To my bro. Francis Coke & his wife £5 each. To 
my sister Elizabeth Willoughby 40s. To her son my godson 
Percivall W. 40s. To my son in law Thos. Thorneton's two 
sons by his first wife £5 each. To his two sisters my dau'rs. in 


law Margaret & Mary their children £40 between them. To 
my neice Ann Haeker, her husband & their son John £10 a 
piece of £5 which my cousin her sd. husband owes me. To 
Master Denham, minister of Trowell, if I die there, 20s. To 
minister of Kirkeby afr'd. 40s, if he preach at my funeral & 
afford me Christian burial after the ancient rites of the Church 
of England, otherwise 40s. to Master Scargill, minister of 
West Hallam. To my cousin Mary Barford & to Bell Cocker 
£5 each, if resident with me. To Mris. Morrice late of Tro- 
well, 5 marks. To my neice, Hacker's maid servants & men 
servants in her service at Trowell if I die there 10s. each. 
To poor of Trowell 40s. To my nephew Henry Gilbert my 
coach. To my sister Butler, gown etc. To her dau'r. my neice 
Susanna Aikeroyd coat etc. To my neice Anne Hacker, gown, 
etc. To her, pewter for life & then to her son John H. To 
my cousin Jane Cooper, coat etc. To little John Hacker son 
of my sd. neice H. bed etc. To my nephews Philip, Thomas & 
John Gilbert, sheets etc. To my nephew. Thos. Gilbert, table 
cloth etc. To my nephew Philip Gilbert, table cloth etc. To 
my nephew John Gilbert, table cloths etc. To my neice Anne 
Hacker, table cloth etc. for her life & then for her son John H. 
To my nephew Henry Gilbert, cushions. My two nephews 
Henry Gilbert & Tho. Gilbert to be exo'rs. Witnesses : Wil- 
liam Hacker, Anne Hacker. 

Prob. 1 May 1654 by Henry Gilbert, one of the exor's. 
Power reserved for Thomas Gilbert, the other exor. Alchin, 

[Dorothy Coke, was the second wife of William Coke (died 1641), 
of Trusley, Derbyshire, Esqr., and daughter of Francis Saunders, of 
Shankton, Northamptonshire, Esq. She died, s. p. Nov. 12, 1653. Her 
husband was the eldest son of Sir Francis Coke, of Trusley, and nephew 
of Sir John Coke, Secretary of State to Charles I. By his first marriage 
with Maud, daughter of Henry Beresford of Alsop-in-the-Dale, William 
Coke, was father of Richard Coke, of Trusley, whose grandson, John 
Coke (born Aug. 3rd, 1708), emigrated to Virginia, and was ancestor 
of the family here. See Coke's Coke of Trusley (London, 1880).] 

John Ellzey of town & county of Southampton, merchant 
Will dat. 23 Sep 1633. To be buried in chancel of church of 


Holy Cross. Personal estate amounts to £1,642, us. My 
grandchild John E. now the younger, to be my ex'or. If he 
die during his minority then his father Arnold E. & Arnold E. 
his son to be ex'ors. To my wife Joan £66-13-4 & mainte- 
nance for life & about £280 worth of household stuff. To my 
son Thomas E., who allthough he hath been disobedient & 
many other distates in marrying without my consent & since 
framing of this will by a peremptory letter of threatening 
especially of a certain house which I sold & justly paid for 
the same paeing it in a legal manner by fine & recovery before 
Sir Thomas Hemying, knight & Richard Pigeon, gent, nomi- 
nated for that purpose, yet I give him £40 & a licence for keep- 
ing a Tavern in town of Southampton. To my undutiful & 
ungracious son Henry £10. To my son Arnold E. £100 & to 
his son the child Arnold £50 if neither are ex'ors. To Eliza- 
beth Bennett daur. of my daur. Elizabeth B. a ring. To my 
son Thomas E. a ring. To my wife a pair of bracelets. To 
poor of Hollirood p'ish. 40s. To p'ish of St. Laurence where 
I was born 20s. to the four ministers within this town 20s. a 
piece. To preacher of my funeral sermon 20s. If I die in 
this my languishing disease, merchandise now in warehouse & 
cellars to be sold. My poor family viz. my wife, if she live 
unmarried, my son Arnold, his wife & two children with a 
servant or two to keep together. Mr. George Gallop & Mr. 
Edward Exton to be ex'ors in trust & to each 20s. for a ring. 
Witnesses : Ja. Courtney, Peregr. King. 

Adm. c. t. a. 12 Nov. 1633 to Arnold E. son during min. of 
John E. (his son erased) ex'or of Will. Geo. Gallop & Edw. 
Exton ex'ors in trust, having renounced. Russell, 97. 

[About the middle of the Seventeenth century Ralph Barlow, prob- 
ably from Hampshire, Eng., lived in Northampton Co., Va. In Oct. 
163, Mr. George Parker (son of Robert Parker, a native of Hampshire) 
sued Mr. John Elsey, executor of Ralph Barlow, and on June 28, 1658, 
Jane Elzey, "of Old England", petitioned Northampton Court that Mr. 
John Elzey, executor of Mr. Ralph Barlowe, should pay her 300 lbs. 
tobacco left her by Barlowe. In Dec, 1660, Northampton Court certi- 
fied certain "head rights", for Robert Windley, among them John 
Elzey. Later John Elzey removed to Calvert County, Md., where his 
will, dated March 3, 1699, was proved June 5, 1700. He left his whole 
estate to his wife Anne. He doubtless left sons who carried on the 
family. An Arnold Elzey lived in Maryland, 1717, &c. Major General 


Arnold Elzey, C. S. A., (who changed his name from Arnold Elzey 
Jones) was born in Somerset Co., Md., 1816, an ddied in 1871. He 
served with great distinction in the Mexican War and the War between 
the States, and was severely wounded at Port Republic and Cold 

Sir Robert Filmer of East Sutton, co. Kent, Knight. 
Will dat. 16 Nov. 1651. To my wife Dame Anne F. for life 
my manor of Wiltralinge ( PWikalinge) & lands called Lang- 
hams in E. S. afs'd. & all lands there purchased of Robert Bills 
& George Bills & lands in Newchurch in Romney Marsh. 
To her, in fee, my house of the Porters Lodge in Westminster. 
To my dau'r. Anne F. £2,500 at 18 or marriage with consent 
of her mother, to be raised by sale of my manors of Hoateley 
in Lamberhurst & Herst in Ottrindon & of lands in Chart 
next Sutton, Hetcorne, Ulcombe, Sutton Vallents, all in Kent 
& Sussex, unless my son Sir Thomas F. by other ways pay sd. 
portion. To my two sons Robert F. & Samuel F. £40 Annui- 
tees for life each out pf lands in Chart next Sutton, Hetcorne, 
Ulcombe, Sutton Vallents & Whandon afs'd., from death of 
my wife to each £10 more a year. To sd two sons £250 each. 
To my son Sir Edward F. Knight, in fee, all my lands in cos. 
Kent & Sussex. Sd. wife Dame Anne & sd. son Sir Edward 
F. to be ex'ors. Sd. son to pay £80 a year to my dau'r Anne 
until her portion be paid. To poor of E. S. £3. Witnesses : 
Thomas Culliver, Mathew Hernon, X, Thomas Davy, Thomas 
May, Nicholas Raith X. 

Prob. 13 Jan. 1653 [-4] by Anne F. the relict & Sir Edward 
F. the son, the ex'ors. Alchin, 409. 

[The testator was the eldest son of Sir Edward Filmer, of East Sut- 
ton, and Elizabeth Argall his wife. Sir Robert, whose will is given 
here, was brother of Henry Filmer of Virginia, and father of Samuel 
Filmer, the first husband of Mary Horsmanden, who married William 
Byrd. Sir Robert married Anne, daughter of Martin Heton, Bishop 
of Ely. For Filmer wills and notes see this Magazine XV, 181, 182; 
XXI, 153, 154; XXIV, 158-160; XXV, 327, 328; XXVII, 288; XXVIII, 
242, 243. The testator was the once famous Tory author.] 

Roger Fowke of Gunston, co. Stafford & p'ish of Brewood, 
esq. Will dat. 23 June 1649. Whereas my father John F. 


in his lifetime let to me, his son & heir apparent, his lands 
called Hattons co. Staff, p'ish of Brewood afs'd. with hall 
called Gunstone House, for seven years from death of Dorothy 
then wife of sd. J. F. I give same to my son Gerrard F. 
for residue of sd. seven years. He to be ex'or. & to him all 
my lands in Gunstone, Brewood, Codsall, Chillington, Hattons 
& Bintbrooke for use of himself, his mother my wife & Robert 
& Thomas & Judith, Mary & Susanna, his brothers & sisters, 
tii end of sd. seven years, remainder to Mary, my now wife 
as jointure & dower & to sd. son Gerrard F. & R. T. J. M. & 
S. my children for their portions at discretion of sd. Mary & 
sd. G. & R. my sons, all in fee. Witnesses : John Hope, Jane 
Hope, Judith Fowke, Robert Fowke, John Marten X. 

Prob. 30 Nov. 1649 by Gerrard F., son & ex'or. Fairfax, 

[Roger Fowke, of Gunston Hall, Staffordshire, the testator, was son 
of John Fowke, of Gunston, and Dorothy Cupper or Cowper, his wife. 
Roger Fowke married Mary Bailey, of Lee Hall, Staffordshire. A 
family chart, preserved by his descendants in Virginia, gives this Roger 
Fowke a considerable number of children. Whether it is entirely cor- 
rect is not known. His issue was: 1, John; 2, Roger; 3, Francisco; 
4, Anthony; 5, William (the last four all Turkey merchants, who 
d. s. p.) ; 6, Gerrard, who emigrated to Virginia; 7, Thomas, emigrated 
to Virginia, was a member of the House of Burgesses for James City 
at the session of March, 1658-9, and for Westmoreland, March 1659-60. 
He patented 3500 acres in Westmoreland in 1654. The will of Thomas 
Fowke, gent., was dated May 11, 1660, and proved in Westmoreland 
June 24, 1663. His legatees were his wife Susanna and brother Ger- 
rard Fowke ; 8, Dorothy, married Brown, merchant, of London ; 

9, Jane, married Richard Hope, of Neithills, Warwickshire (it will be 
noted that John and Jane Hope were witnesses to Roger Fowke's will) ; 

10, Margery, d. s. p.; 11, Mary, d. s. p.; 12, Susanna, married 

Smith, of Chillington, Staffordshire; 13, Judith. 

Col. Gerrard Fowke, son of Roger Fowke, the testator, emigrated to 
Virginia. On Dec. 21, 1657, he bought 100 acres on Potomac Creek. 
In 1661, with three other men, he patented 2000 acres in Westmoreland, 
and in 1662, alone, patented 2650 acres in the same county. Gerrard 
Fowke was a Burgess for Westmoreland Sept., 1663, and soon after- 
wards removed to Maryland, probably on account of his marriage. He 
was elected a Burgess in Maryland in 1667 and died before Oct. 30, 
1669, when his widow, Ann, became administratrix of his estate. He 
married Ann, daughter of Adam Thoroughgood of Virginia, and widow 
of Job Chandler, Councillor and Receiver General of Maryland. On 
March II, 1672, Mrs. Ann Fowke made a deed of gift to her children, 
Richard Chandler, and Gerrard, Mary and Elizabeth Fowke. On Sept. 
7, 1664, Gerrard Fowke had conveyed to his "beloved kinsman", Richard 
Hope, 400 acres in Virginia. On Sept. 18, 1672, Richard Hope, gent., of 
Neithills, Warwickshire, conveyed to Mrs. Ann Fowke, his land called 
Machapungo in Virginia. 


Gerrard and Ann Fowke had issue: (according to the pedigree in 
Hayden) ; I, Adam, died in infancy; 2, Gerrard, born 1662, died 1734, 
married Sarah Burdett; 3, Anne, married Major William Dent, of 
Charles County, Md. ; 4, Mary, married George Mason. Miss Rowland 
in her Life of George Mason, states, probably correctly, that Mary 
Fowke, who married George Mason, was daughter of the second 
Gerrard Fowke. 

The Fowkes trace to William Fowke, of Brewood, Staffordshire, 
temp. Edward IV, Gunston is a hamlet in the parish of Brewood. In 
1865 there were two farm houses, the older of which was the former 
Gunston Hall. Brewood Hall, also an old Fowke house, is still stand- 
ing. In the church are a number of monuments including some to the 
Fowkes. See Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 154-161, 743-745; Virginia 
Magazine of History and Biography, III, 321-324.] 

Peter Jenings of Silsden Yorkshire, gent. Will dat. 15 
July, 165 1. If I die at Silsden, to be buried in Kildwick 
church near my son Edmond, if in York, in St. Crux church 
near my son Peter, if at Ripon, then in Rippon Minster, near 
my son Jonathan. All messuages & lands in 'pish of Ripon, 
Yorks., which I purchased of Geo. Dawson esq. & all other 
lands in townships of Gilsden & Waddington, Yorks. to my 
grandchild, Edmond Jennings in tail as by deed of feofment 
made by me to him dat. 5 July inst. Also my lease of title 
barn & to the corn of Silsden held of Christ Church Coll., Ox- 
ford & other leases in S. afs'd. Whereas I have by indenture 
of lease dat. 1 Feb. 15 Car. I 1639 leased to my grandchild 
Jonathan Jennings lands which I heretofore purchased of Wm. 
Stephenson, Lewis Sheffeild, Robt. Franke, Wm. Mitchell, 
Robt. Denbye, Wm. Smith, Laurence & Thos. Briggs, John 
Laycock, Walter Butterfeild & others for 1,000 years term; 
Edmond Jennings his brother to seal him a release of same. 
To sd. grandson J. debts due from John Stephenson & John 
Illingworth, also from Sir Bryan Palmes the bond for pay- 
ment thereof being taken in name of my dau'r. Eliz. J., she to 
assign same to her son the sd. Jonathan, also debts from Wil- 
liam Markinfeild the elder & the younger & Marmaduke 
Markinfeild, from Christopher Musgrave & Lyon Bampford, 
the bond for payment being in name of Peter Barrett of Sils- 
den, debts due from Thos. & Fras. Warde of Plumtreebankes, 
Henry Goodgyon, Rob. Goodgyon, John Preston & Thos. John- 


son, whereof bond is taken in name of Eliz. Jenings (now wife 
of Mr. Christopher Hodgson) sister of tjrie sd. Jonathan, debts 
from Sir Ralph Blakeston, Sir Rob. & Sir Thos. Strickland. 
To sd. Jonathan, mare bought of Edmond Gell, also judg- 
ments etc. assigned him by Richard Nelson of Marton, gent., 
due by Wm. Sampson & Thos. Staveley & Arthur Grayson. 
Whereas my dau'r. Elizabeth J., late wife of my dec. son 
Jonathan, is seised of lands in Waddington, her son Edmond 
during her widowhood to pay her £60 a year out of lands at 
Gilsden as her jointure. She admi'x of her late husband. To 
poor of Kildwick £50. at discretion of my grandchild Edmund 
Jennings, Henry Currer of Kildwick, Roger Coates of Kild- 
wick Grange, Wm. Watson the elder of Silsden Moor & my 
cousin Edmond Jenings of Silsden. To poor of Ripon £10. 
To Jonathan Mitchell £10 he to help my (grand) sons in man- 
agement of estate. To Eliz. Frith £5. To Margaret Caterall 
£5, at 18. To Grace Claxton £5. Rest of personal estate to 
sd. grandson Edmond Jenings, & he to be ex'or. "I Elizabeth 
Jenings natural mother of sd. Edmond & Jonathan promise to 
perform this will" Signs. Testator signs. Witnesses : Jonath. 
Mitchell, Matth. Greene, Geo. Nayler. Prob. 13 Oct. 165 1, by 
Edmond Jenings the ex'or. Grey, 188. 

[Peter Jenings, of Silsden, the testator, died Sept. 1, 1651. His sons 
were Peter Jenings, A. M., died 1623, Edmund Jenings, A. M., died 
1624, both unmarried; and Sir Jonathan, barrister-at-la\v, who died 
1649. The latter's son, Sir Edmund Jenings, M. P. for Ripon, died in 
1687, leaving (with others) two sons, Sir Jonathan, M. P. for Ripon, 
and Edmund, of "Ripon Hall", York County, Va., Governor of that 
Colony. See Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, XIII, 
308, &c] 

Jane Ludlow of Baycliffe co. Wilts., widow. Will dat. 10 
Dec. 1646. To church of Mayden Bradley 10s. To poor of 
same p'ish 20s. To poor of Warminster 20s. To my son 
Roger L. one of my wedding rings. To my son George L. 
my other wedding ring. To Thomas Ludlow one of the sons 
of my son Gabriell L. £5. To Francis L. another of the sons 
of my son G., my nag colt etc. To John Ludlow another of 
the sons of my son G. £10. To Ann, Elizabeth & Sara the 


dau's. of my son Gabriel £10 each. To my kinsman Capt. 
Robert Langridge 20s. for ring. Rest of goods to my dau'r. 
in law Phillis Ludlow & she to be extrix. To sd. Francis 
Ludlow £10. Witnesses: Edw. Rickards, George Mech 
(? Melt). 
Prob. 6 July 1650 by Phillis Ludlow, the extrix. Pembroke, 


[The Ludlows were an ancient and distinguished Wiltshire family. 
Some years ago a carefully prepared pedigree was published in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register. A portion of it, 
with additions from other sources, is given here. 

Thomas Ludlow, of Dinton and Baycliffe (son of George Ludlow, 
sheriff of Wiltshire, 1567, will proved 1580, and his wife Edith, 3d 
daughter of Lord Windsor) was buried at Dinton, Nov. 25, 1607. 
His will was proved June, 1608. He married Jane (the testator) 
daughter of Thomas, and sister of Sir Gabriel Pyle of Bapton. They 
had issue: 

I. George, baptized at Dinton, Sept. 7, 1583, died young. 
II. Gabriel, baptized at Dinton, Feb. 10, 1587, called to the bar 

Oct. 15, 1620, barrister, Nov. 3. 1657, married Phillis — . 


(1) Gabriel, baptized at Warminster, Aug. 13, 1622, ad- 
mitted to the Middle Temple June 13, 1638, killed at 
the battle of Newberry, 1644. 

(2) Thomas, baptized at Warminster Nov. 1, 1624, emi- 
grated to Virginia and settled in York County, where 
he became Lieutenant Colonel of militia. He inher- 
ited the estate of his uncle George Ludlow. Thomas 
Ludlow died in 1660 and his brother John Ludlow, 
then in Virginia, qualified as his administrator in 
York Court Dec. 20, 1660. His inventory was re- 
corded the same day. His personality was appraised 
at 1 13686 lbs. tobacco and there was also £449.6.5 in 
money. Among the items were "a picture of Judge 
Richardson to ye waste", books valued at 250 lbs. 
tobacco, a rapier and a hanger and a black belt, a 
new silver hat-band, one wedding ring, one seal ring, 
one small silver tankard, 4 pr. gloves, 12 white ser- 
vants, 10 negroes, 43 cattle, 54 sheep, 4 horses, &c. 
Mary, widow of Lt. Col. Thomas Ludlow married 
Rev. Peter Temple, of York parish, and later re- 
moved to England. Her son George and daughter 
Mary Ludlow, died unmarried, and her daughter, 
Elizabeth Ludlow, married Rev. John Willes. There 
is on record in York County, a deed, dated Nov. 6, 
1686, from John Willes, of Culford, Suffolk, clerk, 
and Elizabeth his wife, and Peter Temple, of Sible 
Heningham, Essex, clerk, and Mary his wife, con- 
veying to Lawrence Smith of York County, Va., the 
land in York County which Thomas Ludlow had in- 
herited from his uncle, George Ludlow. 


(3) Francis, baptized at Warminster Sept. 10, 1626, liv- 
ing at Maiden Bradley 1666, married and had issue. 
In Lancaster County, Va. Court Minutes ("Order 
Book") May 11, 1670, is the following entry: "Pro- 
bate of the will of Mr. Francis Ludlow, deceased, 
and administration thereon granted to Capt. John 
Carter and an inventory, together with the accounts 
under the hands of the said Ludlow and Capt. John 
Carter, deceased, between them two", and also an 
order that the accounts between Col. John Carter, 
deceased, and Mr. John Ludlow, deceased, brother to 
the said Francis Ludlow, deceased, be recorded. Un- 
fortunately the record book containing the will and 
the account is missing. 

(4) Ann, baptized at Warminster, Dec. 4, 1628. 

(5) Elizabeth, baptized at Maiden Bradley, Oct. 18, 1632. 

(6) John, in Virginia 1660. In P. C. C. Admon. book is 
administration on the goods, &c, of John Ludlow, 
late of Virginia, bachelor, deceased, granted to his 
brother Francis Ludlow, Sept. 15, 1664. 

(7) Sarah, married Col. John Carter, of "Corotoman'', 
Lancaster County, Va. On his tomb at Christ 
Church, Lancaster, it is stated that one of his wives 
was "Sarah ye daughter of Mr. Gabriel Ludlow". 

III. Roger, baptized at Dinton, March 7, 1590, matriculated at 
Baliol College Jan. 10, 1610. He was appointed an assistant 
by the General Court of Mass. in 1630, removed to Boston 
and held that office for four years. He became Deputy 
Governor in 1634, but removed to Windsor, Conn., where 
for many years he held public office. He was long promi- 
nent as a lawyer. In 1654 he is stated to have left Con- 
necticut and gone to Virginia, but there appears to be no 
record of him here and the will of his brother George 
shows that he was living in Ireland in 1656. He had at 
least three sons and three daughters. 

IV. Anne, baptized at Dinton July 5, 1591, buried at Dinton. 
V. Thomas, baptized at Riverstock March 3, 1593. Inventory 

dated June 16, 1646. He married Jane Bennett and had 
several children, one of whom, Gabriel, is said to have been 
the ancestor of the New York Ludlows. 
VI. George, baptized at Dinton Sept. 15, 1596. He emigrated to 
York Co., Va., about 1641, was J. P. for that county, Colonel 
of Militia, Burgess for that county 1641, and a member of 
the Council 1642-1656. In 1644 he bought the former estate 
of Governor Harvey, "York Plantation" (now Temple 
Farm) near Yorktown, and, adding other lands, took July 
20, 1646, a patent for 1452 acres. He was influential in 
inducing the Virginia government not to make a useless 
resistance to the Parliamentary fleet. General Ludlow says 
in his Memoirs, "This news [that of the surrender of Bar- 
badoes to the Parliament] being brought to Virginia, they 
submitted also, when one, Mr. George Ludlow, a relation 
of mine, served the Parliament in the like manner as Col. 
Middeford had done at the Barbadoes". Col. Ludlow died 
in 1656, and his will was proved on August 1st of that year. 
It was proved both in Virginia and England. Following is 
an abstract given in Waters' Gleanings: 


"George Ludlowe of the County and Parish of York in 
Virginia, Esqr., 8 September, 1653. To my nephew Thomas 
Ludlow, eldest son of my brother Gabriel Ludlow, Esq., 
deceased, all my whole estate of lands and servants &c. 
that I have now in possession in Virginia [he had patented 
about 17000 acres], to him and his lawful heirs forever; 
also my sixteenth part of the ship Mayflower, whereof Capt. 
William White is commander, which part I bought of Mr. 
Samuel Harwar, of London, merchant, only this years 
"fraught", excepted, which I have reserved for my tobacco 
&c. My executor, yearly and every year during the natural 
life of my wife Elizabeth Ludlowe, to pay unto her fifty 
pounds sterling in London. My crop wholly this year to be 
consigned to Mr. William Allen of London, merchant, and 
one Mr. John Cray that lives at the Green man on Lud- 
gate Hill, whom I make my overseer of my estate in Eng- 
land. Moneys due from Mr. Samuel Harwar at the Sun 
and Harp in Milk Street, London. To my brother Gabriel 
all his children now in England one hundred pounds apiece 
and the remainder of the money (in England) to my 
brother Roger Ludlowe's children equally, and to Mr. 
Thomas Bushrode to be paid seventy-five pounds. 

Whereas my brother Roger Ludlowe hath consigned 
divers goods to me as per my books appears, as debts in 
England and in Virginia as by his letters and other writ- 
ings appear &c. To my cousin Samuel Langrish three 
thousand of tobacco &c. To George Bernard, son to Col. 
William Bernard, my great tankard with my arms on it, 
&c. To George Webster, son to Capt. Richard Webster, of 
Jamestown, the silver tankard that Mr. Bowler brought in 
the year 1655. To Col. William Bernard, Major William 
Gooch and Capt. Augustine Warner ten pounds apiece, and 
I desire and nominate them to be overseers here in Vir- 
ginia. To Doctor Henry Waldron all the debt he owes 
me by a book and the physic I have sent for him. To Mr. 
Bushrode five pounds. To my man Archyball a cloth suit, 
&c. To Jane Gresham my servant one year of her time. 
To Mrs. Rebecca Hurst all the clothes that I have sent 
for her in full of her time being with me in my house. 
Wit : Nicholas Trott, Augustine Hodges. 
Codicil — I Colonel George Ludlowq \&c. My nephew 
Thomas Ludlowe intends to intermarry with one Rebecca 
Hurst that is at this present living in my house. In that 
case my will is and my desire that my overseers here in 
Virginia take into their custody all my whole estate and 
dispose of the same until they can send into Ireland to my 
nephew Jonathan Ludlowe, eldest son of my brother Roger, 
who lives in Ireland at Dublin. Now in case my aforesaid 
nephew Thomas shall marry with the said Rebecca then it 
is my will that I give and bequeath unto my said nephew 
Jonathan all the estate that I did formerly give unto my 
nephew Thomas Ludlowe and constitute him the said 
Jonathan my full and sole executor. Otherwise my former 
bequest to stand valid and the said Thomas shall enjoy 
that I have formerly given him to his use and his heirs 
as my executor and heir. 23 Oct. 1655. Witness: James 


On the first day of August in the year of our Lord God 1656, there 
issued forth letters of administration to Roger Ludlow, Esq., the father 
of and curator lawfully assigned of Jonathan, Roger, Ann, Mary and 
Sarah Ludlow, minors, the nephews and nieces and residuary legatees 
in the will during the minority of the said minors — for that no executor 
is therein named as touching the said deceased's estate in England. 
Berkeley, 256. 

Sir Edmund Ludlow, eldest brother of Thomas Ludlow of Dinton 
(above) was the grandfather of Edmund Ludlow, Regicide and Par- 
liamentary General, and of Henry Ludlow, ancestor of the, now extinct, 
Earls Ludlow.] 

George Tucker of Dartford, Kent, gent. Will dat. 23 Aug. 
1639. To my eldest son George T. my manor of Milton next 
Gravsend & lands in p'shes of M. next G., Gravesend & Denton 
(except one field in Milton called the Stonsfeild & one inn in 
Milton now in occupation of John Francis, called the Crown 
& in Gravesend one inn called the White Heart bought of my 
father in law Richard Sedley esq. not yet conveyed) in tail 
male, in default ; to my second son Francis in tail male, in 
default, to my third son Robert in tail male, in default to any 
other son I may have of my now wife Elizabeth, in tail male. 
The sd. 'Crown' to my sd. wife E. for life in addition to her 
present maintaining, remains as my wife appoint among sons 
in tail, in default of appointment, to sd. son George T. in tail. 
To sd. son George T. all lands in the somer Islands otherwise 
called the Barbados (except shares which came to me from my 
uncle Daniel Tucker's will, the one in occupation of John 
Young planter, the other called the timber share, which shares 
I give to my son Francis T. in fee & also two other shares in 
occupation of the widow Perinchef in Warwick tribe & pur- 
chased of Sir Robert Marvell, knight, which shares I give to 
my son Robert T. in fee) in tail male remaindes as manor afs'd. 
To my wife during minority of my son George T. all profits 
of manors etc. My adventures upon the seas for payment of 
my debts etc. To my second son Francis T. & to my youngest 
son Robert T. £400 a piece at 24. If my wife be with child 
to it, £400. To my daur. Elizabeth T. 1,000 marks at 21 or 
marriage with her mother's consent. If all my sons die s. 
p. m. lands etc. in p'ishes of Bexley, Crayford, Dartford & also 


the 'Crown' Inn, the Stoncefeild in Milton, the White Hart inn 
Gravesend & lands in borough of Southwark to my dau'r. 
Elizabeth & any other dau'r. I may have in fee. My friend 
Sir John Wolstenholme the younger, knight, & my brother in 
law Mr. John Sedly to sell such of my ment'd land at their 
discretion. Rest of lands & money in case all my sons die 
s. p. m. To my brother John T. in fee provided my brother 
Robert T. be maintained like a gentleman in decent apparel 
& that my brother Henry T. have £20 a year for life. Sd. wife 
Elizabeth to be ex'trix & to her all goods. Sd. Sir J. Wolsten- 
holme Jun., knight & my brother in law John Sedly gent & my 
brother John T. gent to be overseers & to each 5 marks. To 
p'ish of Digswell for poor 40s. To poor of Milton 40s. & to 
Gravesend poor 40s. Witnesses : John Sedley, George Tucker, 
John Darrell, Ann Stoughton, Elizabeth Tucker. Adm. c. t. a. 
2 May 1648 to George T. eldest son. Elizabeth, the relict & 
ex'trix having died before taking execution of Will. Essex, 

[George Tucker, the testator, was aged about 25 in 1619. The will 
of his father, George Tucker, of Milton, Kent, was printed in this 
Magazine XVII, 394, &c. George Tucker, the younger, went to Ber- 
muda but returned to England. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Sidley, of Digewell, Kent. His eldest son George went to 
Bermuda, where his will was proved Sept. 16, 1662. This George 
Tucker (died 1662) married Frances, daughter of Sir Henry St. George, 
and was ancestor of St. George Tucker, the emigrant to Virginia.] 




Just before the delayed July, 1920, number was issued in December, 
our membership greatly increased. As a large part of the Magazine 
had been printed for some time it was too late to enlarge the edition. 
The consequence was that after our members and subscribers were 
supplied, there were very few copies left — so few that none can be sold 
separately and only three or four as part of complete sets of the 

We shall be glad to exchange any two numbers in volumes V to XX 
for one copy of the July, 1920, number. This offer will hold good until 
50 copies of that number have been secured. 


In all the volumes of our Magazine, with two exceptions, the general 
title-page, table of contents and index have been issued with the last 
number of the volume. The title-page, index, &c, for Vol. XXVI, 
were issued with the January, 1919, number. Through a printer's 
error the volume number on the general title-page is misprinted XXV 
instead of XXVI. The general title-page, index, &c, for Vol. XXVII 
was issued with the April, 1920, number. 

We are indebted to Dr. Philip A. Bruce, University of Virginia, a 
Vice-President of this Society, for a photograph of the portrait of 
Francis Walker Gilmer, at the University, which he had made for our 


On May 23rd the Distinguished Service Cross was conferred on 
Private, first class, Joseph Said, Headquarters Company, One Hundred 
and Sixteenth Infantry, "for extraordinary heroism in action at Molle- 
ville Farm, Oct. 15, 1918. Private Said remained in the face of the 
enemy machine-gun fire to administer first aid to a wounded officer, 
showing utter disregard for his personal safety." His home is in North 
Hope, Va. 


PEGRAM— Mr. Henry Pegram, 83 Beaver Street, New York, N. Y., 
who has for many years been collecting data in regard to the Pegram 
family, has issued a preliminary statement in a small pamphlet. He states 
that his "object in publishing this fragmentary sketch is to furnish a 
foundation for a more complete history. It is earnestly hoped, there- 
fore, that those interested in the matter will send the compiler such 
additional facts as may be within their knowledge with mention of the 
sources whence the information was derived." 

The Pegrams appear to have lived in the counties of Charles City, 
Prince George and Dinwiddie, the last formed from Prince George and 
that county from Charles City. The entire or partial destruction of the 
records of these counties is a serious obstacle in the way of compiling 
a satisfactory pedigree of the Pegrams. 

ANTHONY WINSTON, 1760.— Who was the father of this Anthony 
Winston, of Halifax County, N. C. ? Did he remove from Hanover 
County, Virginia in 1760? Isaac Winston (brother of James and 
William) in his will mentions his "cousin Nathaniel." Since neither 
James nor William had a son named Nathaniel — was there a fourth 
brother? Anthony aforesaid, of Halifax County, N. C, was a large 
slave owner and planter. 

Any information will be gladly received by Judge Robert W. Win- 
ston, Raleigh, N. C. 

PAGE 156). 

To the Editor of the Virginia Magazine: 

You will pardon, I hope, a correction of the statement made in your 
note 25 of the very interesting article entitled "Letters from William 
and Mary College," published in your April number. 

The autobiography of the late Senator George F. Hoar is quoted 
to show that the Vice-Presidency in 1839 was offered by the Whig 
Convention at Harrisburgh, in the first instance, to Benjamin Watkins 
Leigh, and that John Tyler received it after Leigh's declination of the 
offer. This is a misstatement, which is proved by a letter of Mr. 
Leigh himself, highly honorable of his sense of fairness. 

After Mr. Tyler vetoed the Bank bills in 1841, the Whigs — especially 
the Northern Whigs — knew no limit in their abuse of him. Every 
means was had to detract from him, and so this story among others 
was devised, only some had it that the nomination was offered to half 
a dozen other persons besides Mr. Leigh, and that, when the Convention 
could find no other to accept the nomination they unfortunately 
stumbled on John Tyler. 


Mr. Leigh was a strong party man, but withal an honorable gentle- 
man, and the following is what he says substantially in his letter (Niles 
Register, Vol. 61, p. 232.) 

The Whig Convention met at Harrisburgh on December 4, 1839, and 
was organized in the usual way. A grand committee was appointed 
consisting of one or more delegates from each State Delegation. Before 
voting they were to consult their respective delegations and receive 

For the presidency Mr. Clay had a plurality of the Grand Committee, 
but he never could get a majority, and finally his enemies, chiefly 
Northern delegates who hated him for his compromising the tariff in 
1833, succeeded in securing the nomination of General Harrison. When 
next the Grand Committee canvassed for Vice-President, Maine or 
New Hampshire led off with nominating John Tyler. Massachusetts, 
where the opposition to Mr. Clay was greatest, nominated Benjamin 
Watkins Leigh, who was the Committeeman from the Virginia dele- 
gation. Mr. Leigh rose and declined the nomination and asked the 
Massachusetts Committee to go back and get their delegation to release 
them. But says Mr. Leigh the request was not at all necessary : "For 
the several Committees from the other delegations, that from Virginia 
alone excepted, acting under instructions given before I had said a word, 
and therefore uninfluenced by my declining the nomination, announced 
in order, as they were called, the votes of their respective delegations. 
Not another vote was given to Me (Mr. Leigh's Capitals). A ma- 
jority of the whole number of votes and a large majority was given 
for the nomination of Mr. Tyler." 

Mr. Leigh's narrative shows that Mr. Hoar did not know what he 
was talking about. No doubt some of the same kind of intriguery 
was attempted against Mr. Tyler that the Massachusetts delegation 
and their allies tried with so much success against Mr. Clay. Mr. 
Tyler's well known strong states rights views made him even more 
distasteful to the Northern Nationalists, and it is perhaps true that 
they tried to make Crittenden, Tallmadge, Leigh, Bell, Owen, Preston 
and other prominent Whigs their instruments for defeating him. But 
these movements to Mr. Tyler's injury were mere whisperings in dark 
corners, as is evidenced by the admission of one of the conspirators, 
who says that they had to give up William C. Preston "since not a 
single Southern delegate approved the suggestion of his nomination." 

In the single instance of Mr. Leigh was there any open manifestation 
of this opposition, and this was confined as above narrated to the vote 
of a single delegation in the Grand Committee. 

Mr. Leigh, who represented Virginia on the Grand Committee, did 
not vote from motives of delicacy, but he states that even before the 
voting was had he was satisfied from informal conversation with mem- 
bers, that Mr. Tyler was the favorite, and he represents Governor 


Owen, who was Chairman of the Grand Committee, as saying that 
Tyler's nomination would be "judicious" for various reasons which 
he gives. 

Mr. Leigh was a man of great ability and would have made a fine 
Vice-President, or fine President; but the simple fact is that, in refus- 
ing to obey instructions from the State Legislature in 1836, he was 
unpopular in 1839, and as he himself says no one of the Virginia dele- 
gates even suggested his nomination. On the other hand, John Tyler 
had already been voted for by most of the Southern States for Vice- 
President, at the election before this, and as the martyr of instructions 
yielding up his seat as Senator in 1836, and as of much longer National 
service than Mr. Leigh, he was the most widely known Southern Whig 
and the most influential, and so continued till as President he came 
into collision with Mr. Clay. This rupture was brought about by Clay's 
reviving in Congress the old National Republican measures of Bank, 
Tariff and Internal Improvements; which the Whigs, as shown by Dr. 
A. C. Cole, of the University of Illinois, in his recent prize essay on 
the "Whig Party in the South" had expressly disclaimed in the can- 
vass of 1840. 

Lyon G. Tyler. 

Richmond, June 16, 1921. 


(1) Will of James B. Burwell, refers to land he purchased at the 
sale of his grandmother Lucy Smith, bequeaths to his uncle Bacon 
Burwell, friend John R. F. Corben, Mary Clements daughter of tes- 
tator's Aunt Lucy Clements, uncle James Burwell. Dated Sept. 2, 181 1, 
proved Nov. 4, 181 1. 

(2) Will of Robert Giberne Tomlin (a physician). Legatees: Fanny 
P. McCarty, brother Williamson B. Tomlin, son Bartholomew McCarty 
Tomlin. Bartholomew McCarty, and brothers John W. and William- 
son B. Tomlin, executors. Dated Aug. 13, 181 1, proved June 1, 1812. 

(3) Will of Charles Barber, wife Frances, sons Thomas, Charles and 
William, daughters Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, and Frances. To son Thomas 
what stock, &c. is now on said Thomas' plantation. Sons Thomas and 
Charles executors. Codicil. Land given to son Charles is now giver 
to son Thomas. Dated Nov. 23, 1726, proved Feb. 1st 1726(7). 

(4) Will of Samuel Barber, gives wife, for her life, his land on 
Totuskey Creek. Gives land where his grandfather Samuel Barber 
lived to son Samuel. "My three sisters", "my two sons", wife, Mr. 
Gilbert Metcalfe, and Mrs. Sarah Metcalfe executors. Dated Dec. 23, 
1725, proved Feb. 2, 1726. 


(5) Will of William Woodbridge, cousin George Woodbridge, daugh- 
ter Elizabeth Woodbridge, son John Woodbridge. Dated Dec. 16, 1726, 
proved Feb. 1st, 1726. 

(6) Will of John Metcalfe, mother Ann Barrow, John and Ann Rust, 
children of Benjamin and Sarah Rust, Ann, daughter of Elizabeth 
Bayly, kinsman William Brockenbrough. Brother-in-law Benjamin 
Rust and William Brockenbrough, executors, and he requests Mr. Mar- 
maduke Beckwith and brother Gilbert Metcalfe to advise. Dated Nov. 
8, 1728, proved Dec. 4, 1728. 

(7) Will of Thomas Lawson, Sr., son Richard, daughters Elizabeth, 
Rebecca and Anne, sons Daniel, Thomas, John and William. Dated 
Dec. 10, 1728, proved May 17, 1829. 

(8) Will of Thomas Beale, wife, son William, daughter Ann Beale, 
daughter Elizabeth, son Thomas, four youngest sons ; Taverner, Charles, 
Richard and Reuben, Son John. Dated Feb. 12, 1728, proved June 

4, 1729- 

(9) Will of Elizabeth Beale, sons Thomas and William, daughter 
Ann, youngest sons Taverner, Charles, Richard and Rueben, daughters 
Ann and Elizabeth, son John. Dated March 1, 1728, proved June 
4, 1729. 

(10) Will of Giles Webb, son John Span Webb lands in Richmond 
and Northumberland counties, son Giles, son Isaac all the lands given 
to me by Robert Bayliss, son Cudburth [Cuthbert] Webb, daughters 
Betty, Mary and Winifred Webb, son John Webb. Proved May 3, 1732. 

(11) Will of Edward Barrow, son John, daughters Margaret and 
Elizabeth, rest of estate in Virginia and England to be equally divided 
between the above named. Friends Nicholas Minor Sr. and Jr., execu- 
tors. Dated Oct. 19, 1732, proved June 4, 1733. 

(12) Will of Thomas Beale, owes his sister Nancy a negro, leaves 
estate for bringing up his son and his little brothers and sisters, viz., 
Taverner, Charles, Richard, Reuben, Ann and Elizabeth Beale until they 
reach the age of 18 years, and his son Thomas is 20. Legacy to brother 
William Beale. Dated Sept. 27, 1732, proved Feb. 5, 1732. 

(13) Will of Gilbert Metcalfe, wife Susannah, sister Jane Metcalfe, 
nephew Lindsey Opie, niece Susannah Kenner, dated July 21, 1736. 
proved April 4, 1737. 

(14) Will of Susannah Metcalfe, grandson John Barber, a bequest 
to take effect after the death of his mother Ann Barber, grandson 
Samuel Barber. Dated Feb. 2, 1747, proved May 4. 1747. 

(15) Will of John Tayloe, of Mt. Airy, dated Jan. 31, 1744, proved 
Nov. 2d, 1747, with inventories (printed in this Magazine XVII, 370, 

(16) Will of James Webb, wife Betty, daughter Ann, daughter 
Sarah, daughters Mary and Judy, sons John, James and Joseph. Dated 
April i, 1750, proved June 4, 1750. 


(17) Will of Philemin Bird proved March, 1752. 

(18) Will of Gilbert Hamilton, wife Ann all estate. Dated Aug. 31, 
1765, proved Feb. 1, 1768. 

(19) Will of Joshua Singleton, son Joshua (the crop of 1779 to be 
given to him when he is 21), son Frederic, daughter Ann McCarty 
Singleton, sons James and Samuel, eldest son Robert. Charles McCarty 
one of executors. Dated Aug. 17, 1772, proved March 3, 1773. 

(20) Will of James Webb, mother Frances Webb, brothers Charles 
and Cuthbert, sisters Elizabeth Harrison, Winny Webb, Nancy Edmond- 
son, Drucilla Webb, brothers Isaac and John. Dated Sept. 8, 1774, 
proved May 1, 1775. 

(21) Will of Landon Carter, of Sabine Hall; son Robert Wormeley 
Carter, half of my slaves, except those I have given to my grandson 
George Carter and to Robert Hamilton, the other half (with same 
exceptions) to be divided between sons Landon and John. But whereas 
I have, by a schedule dated Dec. 22, 1760, given to Landon and John 
42 slaves to be equally divided between them and have also given 
Robert Wormeley Carter 14 slaves on Nov. 13, 1760, I now appoint Mr. 
Nelson Berkeley, Mr. Robert Beverley, Mr. John Tayloe and Mr. 
Richard Parker, trustees to divide my slaves (with above exceptions) 
into four equal parts, and in the division they are to have regard to the 
number and not quality of slaves already given; two fourths to go to 
Robert Wormeley, one fourth to Landon and one fourth to John. To 
son Robert Wormeley Carter all my lands in York, Charles City, King 
and Queen, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland, King George 
and Stafford, and all my lands on Chenandoah River, as well those in 
Frederick as on the Blue Ridge or Virginia side of the Chenandoah, 
except the tract called Summer Duck, which I have given to Robert 
Hamilton. I give my sons Landon and John, both my Bull Run tracts 
to be equally divided. To son Landon, one half my land on Gosse 
Creek and the other half to son John, excepting a tract on Goose Creek 
adjoining Leesburgh, which I have given to my grandson George. My 
daughter Berkeley has been paid her full fortune long ago, and I give 
her her mother's gold watch and £20 current money. Having paid 
one half (£400 Sterling) of my daughter Beverley's fortune, I direct 
the other half (£400 Sterling) to be paid, and also give her a handsome 
gold watch and chain and £20 current money. To daughter Lucy £800 
Sterling, a gold watch and chain and £20 current money. To daughter 
Judith, £800 Sterling, a gold watch and chain and £20 current money. 
I had intended to give Robert son of the late Gilbert Hamilton a tract 
of land on Summer Duck run, and six slaves, but recalling the great 
danger of this plan being defeated through the weakness of his mother 
in keeping him at home to loiter and misspend his time, I now direct 
said land and slaves to go to said Robert Hamilton at the age of 21 
years, he to hold them for life, and then to pass to his heirs. Reflecting 


with a grateful as well as with a brotherly concern, that the name of 
George would be lost in my family, from whom I had received a very 
considerable part of my estate, and being persuaded that through my 
means, my son Robert had a child of his baptized by the name of 
George, now to continue such a grateful and affectionate reflection, my 
tract of land adjoining Leesburgh shall be called Georgia and im- 
mediated seated with twelve working slaves, which land and slaves 
I give to my grandson George Carter. 

Codicil ; My daughter Judith has married Reuben Beale. I therefore 
revoke bequest to her, but give said estate to her after her husband's 
death, if she survive him. I revoke bequest to Robert Hamilton and 
give said land and slaves to R. W. Carter. 

2d Codicil; Oct. 6, 1774. All bequests of watches revoked. Revoke 
bequest to Robert Hamilton who has resented advice from me. I give 
Summer Duck to grandson George Carter. I direct that 20 young 
slaves shall be seated on the Leesburgh tract for George Carter. Hav- 
ing sufficiently forgiven my daughter Judith, now the wife of Reuben 
Beale, I now order the fortune first bequeathed to her to be paid. The 
coachman and maid to have choice of masters every Christmas and to 
be paid £10 annually. 

Proved Feb. 12, 1779. 




Todd, Day, Bickerton, Hubbard, Dallam, Gorsuch 

By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 

Thomas 6 Todd (Thomas 5 Todd, Anna* Gorsuch). See Va. Mag. 
XXV, 212. The number preceding this individual's name in the open- 
ing paragraph should read 4 instead of 8, as the former is the correct 
cross reference from page 91. 

* * * * • % * * 

Thomas? Todd (William 6 , Thomas 5 Todd, Anna 4 Gorsuch)— con- 
tinued from XXV, 212. The date of birth of his wife Betty [Eliza- 
beth] Waring is given as Jan. 14, 1720 in Clark's Old King William 
Homes and Families (p. 77). 

Williams Todd (Richard 7 , William 6 , Thomas 5 Todd, Anna 4 Gor- 
such) — continued from XXV, 309. The writer has recently learned 
of a deed, dated Apr. 5, 1774, recorded in Orange Co., Va., executed 
by William Todd of Pittsylvania Co., Va., and Phoebe, his wife, in 
which he is described as the son and heir of Richard Todd, late of 
King and Queen Co., deceased. The manuscript notes of Dr. Charles 
H. Todd, of Kentucky, state that this William 6 Todd, born about i75o ; 
married twice, and that his first wife was a Miss Ramel and his second 
wife a Miss Shelton. Whether Phoebe was the first or second wife is 
uncertain. It has been previously shown that this William 8 had a 
daughter Betty [Elizabeth] living in 1777. His other children, if any, 
are not known. The writer's former suggestion that it might possibly 
have been this Elizabeth 9 Todd who married Benjamin Hubbard, is dis- 
proved, as it will now be shown that Mrs. Hubbard was the daughter 
of Philip 6 Todd. (See post, p. 367). 


Millys [Milicent] Todd (Richard 7 , William 6 , Thomas 5 Todd, 
Anna 4 Gorsuch) — continued from XXV, 310. Dr. Charles H. Todd's 


notes state that she married a Colonel Tunstall, but nothing further is 



Dorothy? Todd (William , Thomas 5 Todd, Anna 4 Gorsuch) — con-' 
tinued from XXV, 310. It has already been shown that she married, 
apparently as her second husband, Thomas Edmundson, but the date 
of her marriage is not known. A Spotsylvania Co. deed, executed Oct. 
1, 1743, by Thomas Edmundson, gent, of Essex Co. and Dorothy his 
wife, shows that the marriage had taken place before this date (Cro- 
zier's Virginia County Records: Spotsylvania, p. 164). 
* * * * * * * 

Elizabeth? Todd (William , Thomas 5 Todd, Anna 4 Gorsuch) — 
continued from XXV; 311. It has already been shown that she mar- 
ried James Barbour of Culpeper Co., Va., but in view of a persistent 
and conflicting tradition, apparently based upon the notes of Dr. 
Charles H. Todd, that it was this Elizabeth 7 Todd who married Ben- 
jamin Hubbard, the writer discussed the possibility of her having first 
married Hubbard and secondly Barbour, although he was inclined to 
doubt the former. It will be shown later that it was an entirely dif- 
ferent Elizabeth 7 Todd, the daughters of Philip 6 Todd, who married 
Benjamin Hubbard. 


Josias Williams Dallam (Elizabeth 7 Johnson, Ann 6 Todd, James 5 
Todd, Anna 4 Gorsuch) — continued from XXVI, 92. The name of the 
ninth child of Josias William 8 Dallam by his first wife Sarah Smith, 
should read Martha Cassandra 8 Dallam and not Cassandra Martha as 
previously given. She married Judge Reason Davidge of Kentucky. 

Philipe Todd (Thomas 5 Todd, Anna 4 Gorsuch) — continued from 
XXV, 312. In a very brief sketch of this Philip Todd 6 of King and 
Queen County, Virginia, fourth son of Thomas 5 Todd of Toddsbury, 
Gloucester County, and his wife, Elizabeth Bernard, previously pub- 
lished in the Virginia Magazine (xxv; 311-312) under the Gorsuch- 
Lovelace genealogy, it was stated that little was known in regard to 
him, except that through the breaking of an entail in 1761, it was 
certain that at some time prior to this date he had died without male 
heirs surviving him. We were left uncertain, however, whether he 
left daughters and even as to whether he had ever married. Through 
a clue recently discovered by his descendant, Mrs. Charles A. Doremus 
of New York, it can now be proven that Philip Todd 6 married Anne 
Day of Somerset County, Maryland, and left two daughters, Mary who 
married John Bickerton of Hanover County, Virginia, and Elizabeth 
who married Benjamin Hubbard of Caroline County, Virginia. This 
clears up two long standing genealogical puzzles as to the exact relation- 
ship of the Bickertons and Hubbards to the Todds of Toddsburv and to 


each other, the solution of which has long been sought in vain among 
the Virginia records. It also settles the mooted question of the identity 
of Elizabeth Todd, wife of Benjamin Hubbard, previously discussed in 
detail by the writer, and disproves the tenaciously held family tradition 
that she was a daughter of Col. William Todd 6 of King and Queen 
County, a brother of Philip Todd 6 (Va. Mag., xxv; 304, 309, 311). 

The Maryland Assembly passed an act, May, 1718, vesting the heirs 
of a certain Edward Day of Somerset County, Maryland, with a fee 
simple title to an unnamed tract of 200 acres [part of Sunken Garden] 
in that county on the Wicomico River formerly belonging to a certain 
Andrew Jones. (Archives of Maryland, xxxviii; 242-4). This act 
recites that Edward Day had died sometime previously, leaving a son 
Isaac and four daughters, that two of the daughters (unnamed) died in 
infancy and that the son Isaac then died "by which Elizabeth and Anne 
the two Daughters Surviving became Coheirs of their Deceased brother ; 
Elizabeth Maryed George Scot — by whom she had Day Scot and Dyed, 
Anne Maryed Philip Todd and had Issue by him and Dyed, so that 
one half the said Land — belongs to the said Day Scot and the other 
half to the right heirs of Anne [Todd]". The act goes on to recite 
that Mary the widow of Edward Day and his administratrix, who was 
then (1718) the wife of William Round, had sought sometimes previ- 
ously to convey this land fraudulently to her own son Abraham Turnor 
who had been born to her out of wedlock about two years after her 
husband, Edward Day's death, and had thus sought to deprive the Scott 
and Todd heirs of their legal title to the land. It is obvious from this 
and other evidence which will follow that Elizabeth and Anne Day 
were children of Edward Day by a former wife and not by his widow 
Mary. The act also shows that both Elizabeth Scott and Anne Todd 
had died prior to May, 1718. 

There is a Somerset County, Maryland, deed dated June 7, 1715, from 
"Philip Todd of King and Queen County in ye Collony of Virginia, 
gentleman and Anne his wife" to George Scott and Day Scott, both of 
Somerset County, Maryland, for 200 acres on the north side of the 
Wicomico River, parts of the tracts Sunken Garden and Dunkirk, pur- 
chased by Edward Day, late of Somerset County, gentleman, from a 
certain James Masen, or Marsh (Somerset Co. Deeds; Liber A. C. ; 
fol. 284-6). The above act of May, 1718, and the deed of June 7, 1715, 
show that Anne Day, the wife of Philip Todd had died between these 

Reference to the previously cited sketch of Philip 6 Todd in the Vir- 
ginia Magazine, will show that he was named in the will of his brother 
Thomas 6 Todd of Maryland, dated Jan. 11, 1714-15. As Philip Todd of 
St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia, he conveyed by 
deed dated Sept. 30, 1727, 500 acres of land in Spotsylvania County, Vir- 
ginia, patented by him June 30, 1726, no wife joining in the deed; and 


again Oct. 7, 1729, he purchased 2,000 acres in Spotsylvania from [his 
brother] William Todd and wife Martha (Crozier's Virginia County 
Records; Spotsylvania Co., p. 109). In still another Spotsylvania record 
he is referred to as Capt. Philip Todd (ibid, p. 14). The last mention 
of him is in the deed of 1729. The destruction of the King and Queen 
County records make it impossible to determine when he died or 
whether he left a will. That he had died sometime prior to May 17, 
1740, seems certain, however, as he does not then join his daughters in 
a Maryland Chancery suit, when a petition is presented to the court by 
John Bickerton and Mary his wife, John (sic) Hubbard and Elizabeth 
his wife, daughters of Ann (Day) Todd, and Day Scott "all of Somer- 
set County", in regard to the disputed bounds of a tract called Provi- 
dence in Queen Anne's County granted to Edward Day, Aug. 13, 1684, 
and now "the right of the petitioners by descent" (Annapolis Chancery 
Record; Liber I. R. No. 4; fol. 169). There are two errors in this 
petition which was doubtless filed by an Annapolis attorney not per- 
sonally acquainted with the Virginia petitioners — Elizabeth Todd's 
husband was Benjamin not John Hubbard, and both John Bickerton 
and Benjamin Hubbard were residents of Virginia and not, as was Day 
Scott, residents of Somerset Co., Md. 

The Bickerton and Hubbard heirs of Philip Todd continued to hold 
most of their Maryland lands inherited from Edward Day until 1774 
and 1775. There is a deed dated Dec. 21, 1774, from John Todd Bicker- 
ton, gentleman, of Hanover Co., Va., and his wife Martha to James 
Taylor [their attorney], gentleman, of Caroline Co., Va., conveying their 
interest in the tracts Cox's Discovery, 745 acres, Day's Beginning, 295 
acres, and the residue [300 acres] of Sunken Ground [200 acres of 
which had been previously sold by Philip and Anne Todd to George 
Scott], all lying in Somerset Co., and Grantham, 1,000 acres in Dor- 
chester [now Caroline] Co., Md., all these tracts having formerly 
belonged to Edward Day. The deed recites that on Edward Day's 
death these tracts descended in equal moiety to his two daughters 
and coheirs, Mary* who married George Scott of Maryland and Ann 
who married Philip Todd of Virginia. The deed further recites that 
Philip Todd and his wife Ann died siezed of their moiety of the lands 
now conveyed, which passed to their two daughters and coheirs, Mary 
the wife of John Bickerton, gentleman, who as well as her husband is 
since dead, and Elizabeth the wife of Benjamin Hubbard, gentleman. 
The deed further recites that "George Scott and his wife died leaving 
issue Day Scott, her eldest son and heir, who taking advantage of the 

* There is no question that the name Mary as used here is an error. 
The act of 1718 specifically states that it was Edward Day's daughter 
Elizabeth who married George Scott, and as contemporary evidence out- 
weighs the chance mention of her name nearly sixty years later by a 
Virginia attorney not representing her line. 


Absence of the Family of the said Anne Todd from the said Province 
of Maryland entered into the whole of the said lands", but that James 
Taylor acting under a power of attorney from John Todd Bickerton 
and Benjamin Hubbard and his wife Elizabeth, has lately recovered 
for them an undivided moiety in the above tracts by judgment of the 
Provincial Court of Maryland, and this deed is now executed so that 
James Taylor may be able under his power of attorney to convey the 
land directly to various persons. The witnesses of John Todd Bicker- 
ton's signature are Anne Dickenson, Mary Webb and John Taylor 
(Annapolis: Provincial Court Records; Liber DD No. 6, fol. 84). 
There is also another deed dated April 6, 1775, from Benjamin Hub- 
bard of Caroline Co., Va., and his wife Elizabeth, and Martha Bicker- 
ton of Hanover Co., Va., widow of John Todd Bickerton, deceased, 
of the first part, to the same purport as the last, under which Hubbard 
and his wife convey their moiety to Taylor so that he may sell to sundry 
persons under his power of attorney, and Martha Bickerton joins in the 
deed because the former deed executed by her husband and herself was 
not binding on her as it did not legally release her dower "for want of 
her privy examination and acknowledgment". The witnesses are Edward 
Pendleton, P. Henry Jur. and John Taylor (ibid. fol. 89). Acting under 
the authority of the above deed, James Taylor of Caroline Co., Va., May 
3, 1775, conveys to George Day Scott [son of Day Scott] the interest of 
the heirs of Philip Todd and his wife Anne Day in the tract Sunken 
Ground, upon which George Day Scott now lives (ibid. fol. 88). Other 
conveyances by Taylor have not been traced. 

Edward Day the father of Anne (Day) Todd was in Somerset Co., 
Md., as early as 1681 when his marriage is recorded in the court records 
of that county: "Edward Day and Jane Walker were maryed by Capt a 
David Browne, one of his Lopp s Justices in Som er sett County in Aprill, 
one Thousand six hundred eighty one" (Transcript ; Md. Hist. Soc; 
p. 48). This Jane Walker was the widow of Capt. Thomas Walker, a 
prominent merchant and sea captain of Somerset Co., who is said to 
have settled in Maryland as early as 1664. The county court records 
show the marriage by Capt. William Coulbourne, Nov., 1674, of Thomas 
Walker, gentleman, to Jane Coppinhall, and the record of the birth 
of their son Thomas, March 11, 1675 [-6], and their daughter Susannah. 
March 3, i676[-7] (ibid. 180). Walker's will, dated May 1, 1680, and 
proved May 10, 1680, names these two children and his wife Jane 
(Baldwins Calendar of Md. Wills; i; 97). For a sketch of later 
Walker lines see Richardson's Side-Lights on Maryland History ii; 
pp. 459-465). That the Jane Walker who married Edward Day, April. 
1681, was Jane the widow of Thomas Walker is proven by a complaint 
entered in the Probate Court at Annapolis Aug. 19, 1695, by William 
Evans of Somerset Co. and his wife Susannah, daughter of Thomas 
Walker, against Edward Day of said county, planter, and his wife Jane, 


relict and administratrix of Thomas Walker, deceased (Test. Proc. xvi ; 
pp. 95, no). Nothing has been learned as to the antecedents of Jane 
Coppinhall. She died before her husband, who married again between 
1695 and 1699, Mary, whose family name has not been learned. 

Edward Day doubtless died early in 1699, as in June of this year his 

widow Mary filed her bond as his administratrix with Walter 

and William Scott, her sureties (ibid, xvii ; p. 311). At the time of 
his death Edward Day owned the following tracts of land; Cox's Dis- 
covery, 745 acres ; Day's Beginning, 295 acres ; Sunken Grounds, 500 
acres, all in Somerset Co.; Grantham, 1,000 acres in Dorchester (later 
Caroline) Co.; Providence, 1,100 acres in Queen Anne's Co. 

Edward Day left no issue by his second wife Mary, but the act 
of 1718 shows that she had a son Abraham Turnor born out of wedlock 
about two years after Day's death, and that in 1718 she was the wife of 
a William Round. The act of 1718, however, shows that Edward 
Day had issue by his first wife Jane, a son Isaac died in childhood, two 
daughters, unnamed, who died in childhood, as well as his daughter 
Elizabeth who married George Scott, and his daughter Anne who mar- 
ried Philip Todd, both of these two last named daughters being dead 
in 1718. This George Scott*, born Feb. 23, 1677, died Nov. 3, 1741, was 
the son of William Scott of Somerset Co. (Somerset Co. Court 
Records; Transcript Md. Hist. Soc), and appears to have married 
Elizabeth Day, the elder daughter, between 1700 and 1705, and to have 
left at least one son Day Scott born in 1706, and referred to in the 
Somerset Co. deed of 1715, the act of 1718, and the Chancery petition 
of 1740. 

The date of Philip 6 Todd's marriage to the younger daughter Anne 
Day is not known, but from the fact that their eldest daughter Mary 

* Scott Family. George Scott, who married Elizabeth Day, was the 
son of William Scott of Annamessex, Somerset Co., Md., and his wife 
Mary Willson. The Somerset county court records (Md. Hist. Soc. Tran- 
scripts) show that William Scott married Mary Willson Oct. 11, 1674, 
and that they had issue (1) William Scott, born Oct. 6, 1675, (2) George 
Scott born Feb. 23, 1677, (3) Robert Scott, born Jan. 10, 1679, (4) John 
Scott, born Feb. 26, 1681, (5) David Scott, born July 16, 16S4, (6) Abra- 
ham Scott born Oct. 17, 1686, (7) Benjamin Scott, born Jan. 16, 16S8, 
(8) Mary Scott, born Sept. 18, 1693. The register of Stepney parish, 
Somerset Co., Md. (Md. Hist. Soc. Transcripts) shows that George Scott 
died Nov. 3, 1741. George Scott and Elizabeth Day had issue at least 
one son Day Scott referred to frequently as his son and heir. This Day 
Scott was born about 1706 (Annapolis Chancery Records, B. T. No. I, 
fol. 74, 85). The Stepney register shows that he married 1st, Feb. 20, 
1728, Alice Ballard, and had by her at least 3 sons and 4 daughters, 
named in the register, one of these being George Day Scott (born Mar. 
15, 1736), who purchased May 3, 1775, from his cousins the heirs of 
Philip Todd, part of the lands in Somerset Co., inherited by them from 

Anne (Day) Todd. Day Scot married 2nd, about 1745, Esther 

by whom he had 2 sons. 


(Todd) Bickerton was married as early as 1728, and from other indi- 
rect evidence, it would appear that the marriage took place between 
1705 and 1710. There is no evidence that Philip Todd remarried after 
his wife's death, which took place between 1715 and 1718; certainly he 
had no wife living when he deeded his Spotsylvania land in 1719. 
Issue of Philip Todd 6 and his wife Anne Day: 

1. Mary 7 Todd (Philip 6 , Thomas 5 ). Born about 1710. Married 
about 1728, John Bickerton of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover Co., Va. 
The Rev. Clayton Torrence, of Herndon, Va., writes me that nothing 
is known of the antecedents of John Bickerton. Mr. Torrence states 
that he was elected, May, 1743, a member of the vestry of St. Paul's 
parish, which position he appears to have continued to hold until Sept. 
27, 1770, when a certain "John Smith was chosen vestryman in room 
of John Bickerton, deceased". There is an item in the Virginia Gazette 
for Dec. 9, 1737, that a race had been run that year at Capt. Jno. Bicker- 
ton's in Hanover (Va. Mag., ii; 300). He is referred to in 1747 as 
"Major". He appears in 1740 as one of the justices of Hanover 
(Journals of House of Burgesses of Virginia; 1742-1749, p. 312). The 
date of death of Mary Todd, the wife of John Bickerton is not known, 
but we learn from the Chancery suit of May 27, 1740, that she was then 
alive, while from the deed of Dec. 21, 1774, previously given, we learn 
that both she and her husband were then dead, the vestry record just 
cited indicating that John Bickerton had probably died shortly before 
Sept. 27, 1770. There is said to have been at "Chelsea", King and 
Queen Co., the home of Mrs. Bickerton's cousin, Col. Bernard Moore, 
a portrait "believed to be that of a Mrs. Bickerton", probably Mary 
(Todd) Bickerton (see Va. Mag. xxv; pp. 433, 435). It seems quite 
possible that John Bickerton outlived his wife Mary Todd and married 
again, for a writer on the Thornton family says that Thomas Thornton 

(born 1714, died 174 — ), of Gloucester Co., married Anne (born 

1709, died 1775) and that after Thomas Thornton's death, which took 
place between 1743 and 1750, his widow married a man named Bicker- 
ton (William and Mary Col. Quart., v., pp. 5, 6). The name Bickerton 
is so uncommon in Virginia that this rather points to the subject of this 
sketch. There were Bickertons in Maryland in the first part of the 
eighteenth century, however. 

Issue of John Bickerton and his wife Mary Todd 7 : 

(1) John Todd 8 Bickerton. He was probably born about 
1730. The Maryland deeds previously given show that as 
the "eldest son and heir" he had acquired all of his mother's 
interest in her moiety of the Somerset Co., Md., lands 
which she had inherited jointly with her sister Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Hubbard, as coheirs of their mother Anne Day wife of 
Philip Todd 6 . His interest in these lands, John Todd Bick- 
erton disposed of Dec. 21, 1774. He died between this date 


and May 3, 1775, when his widow Martha executed a con- 
firmatory deed. Neither the date of her death, nor whether 
they left issue is known, but the statement of Hayden (Vir- 
ginia Genealogies, p. 386), that Patsy (Martha) Bickerton 
married Benjamin Lewis, son of Zachary Lewis, points to 
the probability that they had a daughter of this name. April 
16, 1773, Benjamin Lewis of Trinity Parish, Louisa Co., 
Va., and his wife Martha executed a Spotsylvania Co. deed 
(Crosier s Va. County Records; Spotsylvania; p. 299). The 
deed recites that Benjamin was disposing of land devised to 
him by Zachary Lewis, deceased. Hayden gives as the 
issue of Benjamin and Martha (Patsy) Lewis, viz: Ben- 
jamin, John, Alice, Patsey Bickerton, and Elizabeth. 

(2) Alice 8 Bickerton born about 1728. The date of her 
death is not known. Mr. Torrence states that she married, 
Feb. 3, 1746, John Winston of Hanover Co., Va., who was 
born June 9, 1724, and that they had issue (a) William 
Overton Winston, b. 16 Nov., 1747, who married 1st Joanna 
Robinson, and 2nd Anne Kidley (Chamberlayne) Posey; 
(b) Mary Todd Winston, b. 16 Mar., 1749, d. 27 Feb., 
1751; (c) Barbara Winston, b. 30 Nov., 1750, mar. Dr. 
Barrett; (d) James Winston, b. 12 Mar., 1753, mar. Re- 
becca Johnson; (e) Molly Winston, b. 28 Mar., 1755; (f) 
John Winston, b. 14 Oct., 1757; (g) Elizabeth Martha 
Winston, b. 21 June, 1765, mar. Col. William Overton 
Callis ; (j) Bickerton Winston, b. 28 June, 1768; mar. 1st 
Mary Lyle Smelt, mar. 2nd Mary Smith; (k) Alice Win- 
ston, b. 8 Aug., 1769, mar. Capt. Henry Pendleton of 
Louisa Co., Va. 

(3) Anne 8 Bickerton. She married, 4 June, 1752, as his 
2nd wife, George Webb of New Kent Co., Va., the wit- 
nesses being Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard, Mr. and Mrs. Booth, 
and Elizabeth Bickerton. In the Virginia Magazine (xxv, 
pp. 99, 100) there is a pedigree of the descendants of 
George Webb, which shows from family Bible entries that 
he had issue by Mary Bickerton two daughters, (a) Sara 
Bickerton Webb, born Oct. 6, 1735, (b) Mary Webb, born 
Sept. 25, 1756. Among the sponsors at the baptisms of 
these two daughters were sundry Todd connections, viz : 
Col. Bernard Moore, Mrs. Hubbard, Mrs. Seaton, and Mrs. 
Winston; (c) Bernard Webb; he is given as a third child 
by Hayden (Virginia Genealogies, p. 43). 

(?) (4) Philip 8 Bickerton. There can be little ques- 
tion that a Philip Bickerton, who July 7, 1763, patented 
land in Lunenberg (now Bedford) Co., Va., belongs here. 


(Patent Book, xxxv; pp. 241, 410). He has not been 

(?) (5) Elizabeth 8 Bickerton. It seems highly prob- 
able that the not certainly identified individual of this name, 
who was a witness of Anne Bickerton's marriage in 1752 
to George Webb, was her sister (Va. Mag., xxv. p. 99). 
It also seems probable that it was she who married George 
Webb, Jr. (b. 1731) of New Kent Co., the son by his first 
wife of George Webb, her brother-in-law (ibid.) 

2. Elizabeth 7 Todd (Philip 6 , Thomas 5 ). She was probably born 
between 1712 and 1717. The evidence previously given proves that 
she had married sometime prior to May 27, 1740, Benjamin Hubbard 
of Caroline Co., Va. It also shows that both husband and wife were 
living as late as 1775, when they jointly conveyed her interest in the 
Somerset Co., Md., lands, which she had inherited through her mother 
Anne Day, the wife of Philip Todd 6 . 

Benjamin Hubbard is said by his descendant, Mrs. Charles Doremus 
of New York, to have been born in England in 1712 and to have come 
to Virginia as a young man, settling first at Dunkirk, King William 
Co., and later removing to Caroline Co., near Bowling Green, where he 
lived until his death, which took place in 1784. It is stated by her that 
he was a burgess from Caroline Co., and a member of the Committee of 
Safety in 1774-1775. He is also said to have married in 1736 Eliza- 
beth Todd, whose correct identity was not known, however, until light 
was recently thrown upon the matter by the Maryland records. These 
statements about Benjamin Hubbard are based in part upon tradition 
and in part upon Joseph Sullivant's A Genealogy and Family Memorial, 
i874 (p- 75) and W. H. Miller's The History and Genealogies of the 
Families of Miller-Kavanaugh, etc., 190/ (p. 27). It is certain, how- 
ever, apart from tradition, that Benjamin Hubbard* was in Virginia 
as early as July 3, 1734, when with Martha Todd (wife of Col. 
William Todd 6 , his wife's uncle) he witnessed a Spotsylvania County 
deed (Crozier's Va. County Records; Spotsylvania; p. 135). From the 
family sources above referred to, it is learned that Benjamin Hubbard 
and his wife Elizabeth had three daughters. 

Issue of Benjamin Hubbard and his wife Elizabeth Todd 7 (Philip 
Todd 6 ) : 

(1) Anne 8 Hubbard (Mary Todd 7 , Philip 6 , Thomas 5 ). 
Born 1738. She married as his first wife Col. James Tay- 

* There was another Benjamin Hubbard, whose relationship, if any, is 
unknown, living in Spotsylvania Co., Va., about the middle of the eigh- 
teenth century. He was a "marksman" and was joined by his wife Mary 
in a deed dated 1752 (Crozier's Va. County Rec. ; Spotsylvania Co., p. 
192). He was the son of Thomas Hubbard of Spotsylvania, who made 
his will in 1745 (ibid, p. 9). 


lor, June, 1758. She died May 27, 1789. Family papers in 
the possession of Mrs. Doremus and Anderson's Robertson- 
Taylor Genealogy show that Col. James Taylor, the son of 
James Taylor of "Bloomsbury", Orange Co., Va., by his 
wife Alice Thornton, was born at "Midway", near Bowling 
Green, Caroline Co., Va., 27 Dec., 1732, and died there 
Mar. 12, 1814. He served as ensign in the French and 
Indian War and was colonel of the Caroline Co. militia 
during the Revolution. He was sworn in as justice of 
Caroline in 1759 et seq. ; burgess in 1762 and 1764; mem- 
ber of the county committee 1774-1776; member of the Con- 
vention of 1775-1776, and of 1788; twice sheriff of Caroline 
Co. ; member of the Virginia Senate 1788. Col. James 
Taylor married 2nd a Mrs. (or Miss) Taliaferro, and 
3rd Mrs. Elizabeth (Fitzhugh) Conway, but left no issue 
by either his second or third wife. A full account of the 
Taylor family, which traces its descent from James Taylor 
of Carlisle, England, will be found in William Kyle Ander- 
son's Genealogy of the Robertson and Taylor Families 
(Detroit, 1900). Issue of Col. James Taylor and his wife 
Anne Hubbard 8 : (a) Lucy 9 Taylor. Born 1759; married 
James Eubank, by whom she had issue, (b) Col. Hub- 
bard 9 Taylor. Born Aug. 2, 1760; died 1845; married July 
27, 1782, Clarissa Minor (b. 1782, d. 1842) of Spotsylvania 
Co., by whom he had issue nine children. Moved to Fay- 
ette, later Clark Co., Kentucky, in 1790. (c) Elizabeth 9 
Taylor. Born 1763. Married Capt. Thomas Minor, by 
whom she had issue, (d) Martha (Patsy 9 ) Taylor. Born 
1767; d. s. p. (e) General James 9 Taylor. Born Apr. 19, 
1769; died Nov. 7, 1848; married Nov. 15, 1795, Mrs. Ke- 
turah (Moss) Leitch. Moved to Newport, Kentucky. Left 
issue, (f) Alice Thornton 9 Taylor. Born 1773; married 
about Sept. 27, 1791, Washington Berry, (g) Ann 9 Tay- 
lor. Married 1st Robert Taliaferro, and 2nd John Todd. 
(h) Reuben Thornton 9 Taylor. Married Mary T. Thorn- 
ton, (i) Edmund 9 Taylor. Born 1780; died Oct. 2, 181 1; 
married Sept. 4, 1803, Mary Todd Hinde, who married 2nd 
John McKinney, doubtless the daughter of Mary Todd 8 
Hubbard (see post) and Dr. Thomas Hinde. (j) Martha 
Todd Taylor. Born 1783 ; married Peter Thornton of 
"Rosehill", Caroline Co., Va. 

(2) Mary Todd 8 Hubbard. Married Sept. 24, 1767, 
Dr. Thomas Hinde. He is said to have been born in 
Oxfordshire, England, in 1734, studied medicine in London 


and to have settled in Essex Co., Va., and to have served 
as a surgeon in the Revolution. See W. H. Miller's His- 
tory and Genealogy of Families of Miller-Kavenaugh, for 
a sketch of Dr. Hinde. 

(3) (daughter) 8 Hubbard married Harris. Not 

identified; not traced. 


George Washington 8 Gorsuch (Thomas 7 , Lovelace 6 , Thomas 5 , 
Charles 4 ) — continued from xxvi, 434. As previously stated he married 
Mary Gardner, and lived in Carroll county. From a descendant it has 
been learned that they had issue as follows: (1) William 9 , b. Oct. 2, 
1820, d. 1902, mar. Jane Patterson; (2) Thomas 9 , b. Mar. 5, 1822, mar. 
Matilda Bartholow; (3) Freeborn Gardner 9 , b. May 8, 1824, d. 1827; 
(4) Lewis Peregrine 9 , b. Aug. 4, 1826, died Dec. 23, 1893, mar. Alvira 
Barnes; (5) George W. 9 , b. May 12, 1829; (6) Phineas Asbury 9 , b. 
July 5, 1832, mar. 1st Sarah A. 9 Gorsuch (Lovelace 8 , John 7 , Lovelace 6 , 
Thomas 5 , Charles 4 ), mar. 2nd Anne Beam; (7) Elias Alfred 9 , born 
Mar. 26, 1835; (8) Lovelace Gardner 9 , b. Sep. 24, 1840, mar. Sue 



Loveless 8 [Lovelace] Gorsuch (John 7 , Lovelace 6 , Thomas 5 , 
Charles 4 ) — continued from xxvi, 434. In addition to the data already 
given it is learned from a descendant that by his wife Rachel B. 
Shipley he had issue: (1) William Henry 9 Gorsuch, mar. Mary J. Pole; 
(2) John Thomas 9 Gorsuch, unmar. ; (3) Sarah A. 9 , mar. Phineas 
Asbury 9 Gorsuch (George Washington 8 , Thomas 7 , Lovelace 6 , Thomas 5 , 
Charles 4 ) ; (4) Julia Ann 9 [Julian], mar. Lloyd Shipley; (5) Nathan 9 
mar. Ruth Ann Shipley; (6) Amanda M. A. P. 9 

Williams G[alloway?] Gorsuch (John 7 , Thomas 6 , Thomas 5 , 
Charles 4 ) — continued from xxvi, 436. Nothing was known about him 
when he was previously referred to. It is now known, however, that 
he was born June 1, 1804, lived in Baltimore, died Oct. 7, 1887; and 
that by his wife Sarah (born Apr. 20, 1808; died May 10, 1877), he 
left six children, who were all living in 1887. 


Nathan 7 Gorsuch (Thomas 6 , Thomas 5 , Charles 4 ) — continued from 
xxvi, 423-424. In the former sketch it was stated that nothing further 
was known about this Nathan 7 Gorsuch, than that he was born about 
1765, and that May 8, 1787, he executed a deed to property in Baltimore 
Co., after which all trace of him was lost. By exclusion and indirect 
evidence it appears fairly certain that it was this same Nathan Gorsuch 
who, Sep. 25, 1787, patented 300 acres in Bedford Co., Pa. {Penn. Arch. 


ser. 3; xxv, 523), now Huntingdon Co. From a descendant it is 
learned that Nathan was accompanied to Pennsylvania by his brother 
Thomas but that the latter remained in Huntingdon only a short time. 
Nathan Gorsuch's descendants still occupy the land owned by him in 
Huntingdon Co. He married 1st, about 1790, Rachel Kelly and 2nd 
Temprance Kelly (d. 1855), both of whom are said to have been 
daughters of Josiah Kelly. Nathan Gorsuch was a teacher and sur- 
veyor. His tombstone states that he died June 15, 1844, m his 80th 
year. His will, dated Feb. 29, 1844, was proved the same year in 
Huntingdon Co. He refers to himself as of Henderson township. He 
names his wife Temprance, his sons Thomas, Elijah, Joshua and 
Stephen ; he refers to Nancy Gorsuch and Jane Jackson as if they were 
either his daughters or granddaughters. From other accounts it has 
been learned that he had a son Jesse, died 1814, aged 19 years, a 
daughter Ruth (died 1812), who married Richard Chilcott (1786-1820), 
a daughter Sarah and a daughter Rachel. 

This concludes the Gorsuch-Lovelace genealogy. The writer earn- 
estly requests those who may be able to correct or add to what has 
already appeared in these sketches, to communicate with him through 
the editor of the Magazine. 


The Virginia Line. 

As there is uncertainty as to how many generations of the Corbins in 
England can be fully proved, those of the Virginia branch will be 
numbered beginning with the emigrant. 

1. Henry 1 Corbin, 3rd son of Thomas Corbin. of Hall End, was 
born (according to a deposition) in 1629. He came to Virginia in the 
ship Charity in 1654. This is ascertained by proceedings in one of the 
courts of Maryland. The ship had a stormy voyage and the sailors 
suspected that an old woman on board was a witch. They tied her all 
night to the capstan and next day asked Henry Corbin to examine 
her. The terrified creature at last confessed she was a witch and the 
sailors hung her. Inquiry was made into the matter in Maryland and 
Henry Corbin, aged 25, was one of the witnesses. 

Henry Corbin, 
From a portrait at Mt. Airy. 

Copyright, 1908, 

by J. E. H. Post 

Courtesy of 

Mrs. Edwd. Shippen. 


Henry Corbin settled in Virginia on the south side of the Rappa- 
hannock river in what was then Lancaster county, but afterwards 

He was appointed J. P. and of the quorum in Lancaster 1657, and 
was in 1673 in the Commission for Middlesex. He was a member of 
the House of Burgesses for Lancaster at the sessions of March 1658-9, 
March 1659-60, and was appointed to the Council 1663. 

Mr. Corbin was evidently a genial and hospitable man. In 1670 he 
made an agreement with some friends in Westmoreland county (where 
he had a large estate, "Peckatone") to build a banquetting house. The 
agreement, on record in Westmoreland, is as follows : 

"Whereas, there is a mutual agreement Signed, Sealed and delivered 
by and between the parties whose names are hereunder written, the 
above which writing bears date with these presents, for the Marking 
of Each persons bounds. Now know ye that the said parties do agree 
that there be a House Erected where Mr. Allerton and Mr. Gerrard 
shall think fit, for the continuance of good Neighborhood, and to be 
built by the direction of the said Mr. Allerton and Mr. Gerrard and 
every person to be at an Equal charge to the building thereof, and Ten 
pounds Sterling to be allowed Mr. Lee for the building of the said 
House, the said Mr. Lee bearing his proportion of the charge, and each 
man or his heirs, yearly, according to his due course to make an Honor- 
able treatment fit to entertain the undertakers thereof, their wives, 
mistresses and friends yearly and every year, and to begin upon the 
29th of May, which will be in the year One thousand, six hundred 
seventy and One. Mr. Corbin to make the first treatment, Mr. Lee 
the next, Mr. Gerrard the next, and so round. Witness our hands this 
30th of March, 1670; 

Henry Corbin J. Lee 

Thomas Gerrard Isaac Allerton." 

It is evident from this that though Henry Corbin's chief residence 
was in Middlesex he was frequently in Westmoreland. His home 
in Middlesex was variously known as "Buckingham," "Buckingham 
House" and "Buckingham Lodge." He owned another large planta- 
tion, "Corbin Hall", in Middlesex. These estates remained long in 
the family. 

In 1835 "Buckingham", 2500 acres, was offered for sale and in 1847 
"Corbin Hall", between the Rappahannock River and Grange Creek, 
1850 acres, with 60 slaves, stocks of cattle, etc., was sold under a deed 
of trust from James Parke Corbin. 

A chart pedigree of the Virginia Corbins (incomplete as to some of 
the later generations) is stated (on the title) to have been derived as 
far as 1715 from the records of the College of Arms. It is evident 
that Gawin Corbin, son of Henry, registered his pedigree. 


Henry Corbin married Alice, widow of Rowland Burnham, of Lan- 
caster Co., Va., and daughter of Richard Eltonhead, of Eltonhead, 
Lancashire, England. In Lancaster, Jan. 14, 1656, Alice, relict of Row- 
land Burnham, qualified as his administratrix, with Sir Henry Chich- 
ley (who had married her sister Agatha) and Henry Corbin, securities. 
In the same county May 24, 1657, "Upon the petition of Mr. Henry 
Corbyn for the thirds of the house, etc., of Mr. Rowland Burnham, 
deceased, which the said Mr. Corbyn doth conceive to belong to him in 
right of his wife, the relict of the said Mr. Burnham." 

Henry Corbyn died January 8, 1675. 

A copy of his will is among the Beauchamp papers. 

"In the name of God Amen. 

I Henry Corbin of Rappahanock River in Virginia, Gent. 
Being, blessed be God in reasonable good health and of 
perfect memory make this my last will and testament in 
manner and forme following. My Body I committ to ye 
earth my Soule to God my Creator and to Jesus Christ my 
blessed Saviour and Redeemor. My Worldly Estate I giue 
as ffolloweth 

I giue my most deare wife Alice Corbin all the plate 
Jewelles houshold goodes in her possession and on the 
plantation whereon I now Liue, and all her Clothing and 
the forth part of all other my Estate in Virginia except 
ye Crops of Tobacco made on my severall plantations ye 
yeare of my death, and of the Crops y l yeare made I giue 
her the full halfe of the neate Crops : and I giue her the 
third part of my Land during her Life or shee may liue 
(and it is my Will) on any plantation shee pleaseth Dur- 
ing her life in full satisfaction of her Dower, and y l the 
Legacies by this given bee in full satisfaction of all Claimes 
or Demandes. 

I giue vnto my Daughter Lettice fiue hundred Poundes : 
and two thousand acres of Land made ouer to her and her 
heires, the Money to be paid at her day of Mariage or yeare 
of one and Twenty, and out of the Interest of ye Money 
she to haue Twenty poundes per annum till the money be 
paid her. 

I giue to my foure younger Daughters each of them 
foure hundred and fifty poundes a pece and fifty poundes a 
pece more, prouided there bee of mine [in] England one 
thousand poundes betwixt my two sonnes. And I giue 
each of my daughters fiftecne poundes a yeare a pece out of 
ye Interest of ye Money till the money bee paid y m , and 
to each of my said Daughters I giue one thousand acres 


of Land, being a Dividend of foure thousand acres adjoyn- 
ing to my daughter Lettice or by pattent from the Lords 
proprietors, to enter vpon it at the day of their mariadge 
or one and twenty yeares to y m and their heires, and the 
money to be paid y m at ye same time and is in the handes 
of Mr. Gawen Corbin my Deare brother. 

I giue vnto my sonn Gawen Corbin my Land at Macho- 
tick and three hundred acres lying in Omen Creeke to him 
and his heires for ever. 

I giue to my sonn Thomas Corbin all ye Rest of my Land 
in Virginia to him and his heires for euer. 

I giue to my two sonns Tho : and Gawen Corbin all the 
rest of my personall estate in England and Virginia viz. 
my sonn Thomas first to haue two hundred pounds and 
then the residue to bee equally Devided betwixt y m . 

My will and meaning is y fc my sonns estates be kept 
as intire as may bee for there best vse and aduantage 
and Education, w ch I desire may bee as good as there 
Estates will beare, and y* they in joy each there Land 
at one and twenty yeares and then ther personall estate 
to bee Devided by ther Guardians : and my desire is y l 
those I haus appoynted there Guardians in England may 
haue ye yearly produce of those Crops sent to y m and all 
Tobacco Debts receiued and they supply there plantations 
w th necessarys and kepe vp such a number of seruants 
as the Guardians heere and in England see fitt; and my 
desire is y 1 they in England send a yearly account to the 
Guardians heere and they heere to y m that soe both may 
know w* yearly there is belonging to my sonnes : and if ye 
Guardians heere find cause to Consigne to others I leaue 
it to y m , but desire there bee very Just cause, else to these 
I haue appointed, my desire is my sonnes bee sent to Eng- 
land at yeares old at furthest. 

I make my Deare wife and two sonnes sole executrix and 
executors of this my Last Will and doe constitute and 
appoynt in Virginia Sr. Henry Chichley, Thomas Ludwell 
Esqre., Robert Smyth Esqr., Coll. Ludwell, Coll. Spencer, 
Capt. Ralph Wormley, Major Jno. Burneham, Major Rich- 
ard Lee, Guardians, and my deare and loueing wife, and 
what any two or more of y m shall thinke fitt to doe, my 
wife allways to bee one, shall bee vallued. 

I appoynt in England Thomas Corbin Esqre., and Mr. 
Gawen Corbin and case of ther decease or either of y m I 
joyne Mr. James Prescott and Mr. Henry Meese. 

I giue to every of the Guardians Twenty shillings a pece 


and to ye Honorb 11 Sr. Will. Berkley and his Lady, my 
Lady Chichley and Cozin Wormely. This to bee my only 
and last Will. July ye 25 : 1675. In Rappahannock River 
in Virginia. Henry Corbin. 

My will and desire is y 1 soe much of ye money as I haue 
in England as will pay my Daughters portions bee putt out 
to Interest in good handes y t soe ye Interest may goe 
towardes ye maintinance of my children and bee ready to 
pay y m when die. Henry Corbin. 

Testes Lawrence Smyth. 
Martha Love. 

[The above copy is in the writing of Gawen Corbyn. 
Thomas Corbyn of Hall End added a note.] 

"My Bro. Henry Corbins 2 Sonns Tho. and Gawen 
came to Hall End out of Virginia Aug. 20, 1676. The 
Eldest being in September 1676 8 year old, and the younger 
about 7 year old. Went to live w* my mother Septebr. 
1, 1676." 

"Madam Alice Corbin" as she is called in the county records, mar- 
ried secondly Captain Henry Creyke, son of Gregory Creyke, of Mar- 
ton, Yorkshire, and his wife Ursula, daughter of Sir John Legard, 
Captain Creyke, (who was born Jan. 16, 1637), had been captain of a 
merchantman and had settled in Lancaster county. He died June 8, 
1684. By his nuncupative will he gave his whole estate to his wife and 
her children by her first marriage. 

The will of Alice Creyke was dated March 23, 1684-5, and proved 
in Middlesex. She made a bequest to her god-daughter Alice Thacker 
[her niece], gave her sons, Thomas and Gawin each a feather-bed and 
furniture, a silver tankard, a silver plate and £100 money of England, 
and the rest of her estate to her daughters. 

A letter from Alice (Corbin) Creyke is among Lord Beauchamp's 
manuscripts : 

Alice Creyke alias Corbyn to Thomas Corbyn. 

22 April 1677. 
"Hon 1 ? Brother 

My kind respects Salute you and my Sister and Neece hopeing your 
healthes and happiness doe equall my good wishes for ye same : did 
receave a Letter from you bareing date June 20th 76 wherein you 
declared your love to my deceased husband, by ye greife you con- 
ceived for his loss and to backe on y 1 assertion you gave me assurance 


of your readiness in undertakeing ye trouble he imposed on you by 
his will and your care in seting in the behalfe of my Children, ye 
next heires of your brotherly love, Two whereof are w th you of whose 
welfare (God giving life and health) being as I understand by yo r 

last Letter and Coz. Con in your tuition, I have little reasons 

to doubt but much to rejoyce that they are out of harmes way heare, 
where ye best of us live but as [if we] were at peradventure, the 
Indians dayly oppressing us and questionless will more according as 
ye summer shall come on, when every tree and bush will be a shelter, 
but doe hope there will be some speedy course taken now ye King's 
forces are arived. Concerning the monys alloted to everyone as a 
portion I am mightyly pleased that it is likely to be put out for Land 
Security, being aboundantly more certaine then otherwise, but y fc I 
leave w* all resignation to ye Care of yo r self and Brother Gawin, 
w ch I am fully assured will be noe otherwise then correspondent to ye 
merritt of a dear and Loveing Brother. Three of my Daughters are 
marryagable but cannot limitt any time for their single life, but the 
other two are very young, the eldest not fourteen and ye youngest but 
five. Concerning my Seeing England I give you many thankes for 
your kind invitation, but I have not any inclination to leave Virg. whilst 
I live, though I must confess the last years troubles both w th in our- 
selves and those w th the Indians hath given but few people reason to 
fall in love with it, ye differences w th in our selves being far greater 
then those w th out and a reason why the other was not before this 
remedyed, but God be praised are now well composed, the heads of them 
receiveing a reward due to those that spurne at Authority, in due time 
arriveing at that ignoble port ye Gallows, where a Rebellion allwaies 
leads its followers. My Daughters present their humble duty to you 
and their Aunt together w th their love to my Cozen Margrite 1 desireing 
w th me your acceptance of our love and respective Service presented 
to w th all imagenable zeale by 

Dear Brother 

Yo r Affectionate Sister 

Alice Creyke alias Corbyn. 
Virginia Aprill 12th 

Endorsed : 


Thomas Corbyn Esq. 

These present 

w th 

my Service." 
1 At first "Lettice" was written. 


A pedigree of Eltonhead, from a Lancashire Visitation, 1664, is 
printed in Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 227 etc. Richard Eltonhead 
of Eltonhead, had several children who came to America. His son, 
William, was a member of the Maryland Council. Of the daughters, 
Jane, married Cuthbert Fenwick, member of the Maryland legislature, 
Eleanor, married 1st Captain William Brocas, 2nd Col. John Carter, 
each a member of the Virginia ouncil ; Agatha, married 1st Ralph 
Wormeley, of "Rosegill", Middlesex county, also member of Council, 
and 2nd Sir Henry Chichley, Governor of Virginia, Martha, married 
Edwin Conway, of Lancaster county, Va., formerly of Worcestershire ; 
and Alice, as above stated, Rowland Burnham, Henry Corbin and 
Henry Creyke. 

Henry and Alice Corbin had issue ; 

2. Henry 2 , born in Christ Church parish, Middlesex, Feb. 12, at 
one o'clock in the morning and was christened on Easter 
morning, March 29, 1667. Died at the age of two years. 

3. Thomas 2 , 2nd son, became a merchant in London. He owned 
land in Virginia. In 1730 a ferry was ordered over the Rap- 
pahannock from the land of Thomas Corbin, at Mosse's Neck. 
On April 17, 1732, he conveyed his interest in the unexpired 
term of certain mortgages from Edmund and William Jen- 
ings. He died unmarried after 1732. 

4. Gawin 2 , of whom later. 

5. Letitia 2 , born and christened in Christ Church parish, Middle- 
sex 25 day — (register multilated) 1657. By deed, Oct. 9, 
1660, her father gave her 2000 acres in Stafford county 
(afterwards in Prince William), which, known, as "Leesyl- 
vania", was the home of the branch of the Lee family from 
which General R. E. Lee descended. 

Letitia or Lettice Corbin married (it is said, in 1674) 
Richard Lee, of "Mt. Pleasant", Westmoreland county, mem- 
ber of the Council of State of Virginia. The epitaphs of 
Richard and Lettice Lee from a tomb at "Mt. Pleasant", are 
as follows : 

"Hie conditur corpus Richardi Lee, Armigeri, nati in Vir- 
ginia, filii Richardi Lee, generosi, et antiqua familia, in Mer- 
ton Regis, in comitatu Salopiensi, oriundi. In magistratum 
obeundo boni publici, in Uteris Graecis et Latinis et aliis 
humanioris literaturae disciplinis versatissimi. Deo quern, 
summa observantia semper coluit, animam tranquillus reddidit 
XII, mo. die Martii anno MDCC XIV, aetat LXVIII. 

Hie, juxta, situm est corpus Laetitiae ejusdem uxoris didae, 
filiae Henrici Corbin, generosi, liberorum matris amantissimae, 
pietate erga Decum, charitate erga egenos, benignitate, erga 
omnes insignis, Obiit Octob, Die vi, MDCCVI, aetatis XLIX." 


Mrs. Letitia Lee's portrait is at p. 78 of Lee's "Lee of Vir- 

Among her grandsons were Richard Henry Lee, who intro- 
duced in Congress the resolution for American independence, 
and, with his brother, Francis Lightfoot Lee, a signed of the 
Declaration of Independence. 

The inventory of Richard Lee's estate shows that he had 

portraits of "G. Corbin" & "H. Corbin". 

6. Alice 2 , born in Christ Church parish "half an hour after five 
o'clock in the evening", February 14, 1660. She married Sept. 
23, 1679, Philip Lightfoot of "Teddington", Sandy Point, 
Charles City County. His tomb without date (he died 1708) 
is at "Teddington" with arms, Lightfoot, impaling Corbin, 
and the following inscription : 

"Philip Lightfoot 
Son of John Lightfoot, Esq. Barrister 
at Law, son of John Lightfoot, minis- 
ter of Stoke Bruain in Northampton- 

The epitaph is in error as to the name of the minister of 
Stoke Bruerne. It should be Richard. 

7. Winifred 2 , born in Christ Church parish, "3rd of November 
at 12 of the clock at night, -and christened the 12 of April 
1662", married Col. Leroy Griffin of Rappahannock County. 
Her will ("Madam Winifred Griffin"), was dated Sept. 10, 

1709, and proved in Richmond County, March 5, 171 1. She 
left her grand-daughter Winifred Presley, three negroes then 
in the possession of Winifred's father, Col. Peter Presley, 
and other bequests to son Thomas Griffin, grand-daughter 
Winifred Griffin, grand-daughter Alice Corbin Griffin, son-in- 
law Col. Peter Presley, and son Thomas Griffin. 

One of her descendants, Cyrus Griffin, was President of the 
Continental Congress. He studied at the Temple and Edin- 
burgh and made a runaway match with Christina, daughter 
' of John 6th Earl of Traquair. Corbin Griffin, her son, 
in his will dated Feb. 2, 1701-1, makes a bequest to "My much 
honored and loving mother Madam Winifred Griffin". 

8. Ann 2 , born in Christ Church parish, Feb. 9, and christened 
29th of same month, 1664. She married Col. William Tayloe, 
of "Mt. Airy", Richmond County, who was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for that County, 1700- 1706, and who died 

1710. She died in 1694. 


9. Frances 2 . Her birth is not in the register of Christ Church. 
She died in London, Nov. 22, 1713, and was buried in St. 
Clements, East Cheap. She married Edmund Jenings (1659 — 
Dec. 5, 1727) of "Ripon Hall", York Co., Va., son of Sir 
Edmund Jenings, of Ripon, Yorkshire. He was a member of 
the Council of Virginia, from 1699, Attorney General 1680-91, 
Secretary of State 1702-1712, 1720-22, and Governor of Vir- 
ginia August, 1706-June 23, 1710. 

(To be continued) 



Governor Edward Coles. Edited with Introduction and notes by Clar- 
ence Wolworth Alvord, University of Illinois. Collections of the 
Illinois State Historical Library, Vol. XV. Biographical Series, Vol. 
I. Published by the Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 
Springfield, 111., 1920. pp. 435, with portrait and fac-similes. 

Unless he is a special student of American history, the average Vir- 
ginian is apt to think that the work of Virginians who emigrated from 
the State was bounded on the north by the Ohio River. This is a 
great mistake. In our last issue a life of Governor Stevens Thomson 
Mason was noticed, and in the book whose title is given above, the 
even more distinguished career of another Virginian is given. Edward 
Coles of "Enniscorthy", Albemarle County, was educated at Hampden- 
Sidney and William and Mary and soon after leaving college inherited 
a considerable estate in lands and negroes. Even in his student days 
he had been interested in the question of slave-owning, and before long 
determined that he could not only not hold slaves, but could not live 
in a state where slavery existed. In 1819 he removed to Illinois where 
he immediately freed his negroes. In 1822 he was elected Governor 
and led a most remarkable campaign against the establishment of 
slavery in that state. It is a matter of surprise to those not well 
acquainted with the history of Illinois, to learn that it is probable that 
in 1822 a majority of the inhabitants were in favor of introducing slav- 
ery. This book gives a detailed and very interesting account of how 
Governor Coles defeated the movement and is equally full in regard to 
the other periods of his life. 

In more compact and briefer form is a biographical sketch (a pamph- 
let) of "Edward Coles, Second Governor of Illinois", by W. T. Norton, 
Each of these is a worthy tribute to a notable Virginian. 

Reading the life of Edward Coles suggests a question. Did the 
teaching at William and Mary 1790-1800, in the course of which so 
much use was made of Rousseau, Godwin and Paine, tend to influence 
the students against slavery? A remark by Chapman Johnson in one 
of his letters published in this number is some evidence in this direction. 

The McCarthys in Early American History. By Michael J. 
O'Brien. Author of "A Hidden Phase of American History", 
"Ireland's Part in America's Struggle for Liberty". New York, 
Dodd, Mead & Co., 1921, pp. 322. 

Mr. O'Brien found a surprising number of McCarthys, McCartys and 
Cartys, during the colonial period — surprising that is to those who are 
in the habit of thinking of the colonists as almost entirely of English 
descent. He has done his work thoroughly for all the colonies, but the 
chief interest of the book to Virginians is his very minute and careful 
study of the Virginia McCartys. The author takes issue with the com- 


pilers of some of the other genealogies of the McCartys, but it is not 
safe to assert that the last word has been said until an absolutely com- 
plete examination of all the records has been made. Mr. O'Brien has 
done much work in this line and his book will be of special interest to 
Virginia McCartys and their descendants. 

The Devon Carys. In two volumes. Privately printed. The DeVinne 
Press, New York, 1920, pp. 391, 324, with many illustrations, charts, 

The library or individual receiving a copy of Mr. Fairfax Harrison's 
beautiful book is fortunate. That the work is a handsome piece of book- 
making is the least of its merits. It is a monument to his wide and 
scholarly investigation and yet the results of great research are given 
in a very easy and agreeable style. The book is of such a nature that 
no one, without Mr. Harrison's information would be capable of writing 
a critical review, even if there were any need for criticism. The reader 
cannot help feeling however, that the Carys of England were, taking 
them as a whole, of more importance than the author, modestly, thinks 
them to be, and that life in colonial Virginia was not quite so drab and 
dreary as some of his pages would represent it. 

These objections, however, are merely matters of personal opinion. 
Mr. Harrison has done in "The Devon Carys", what authors seldom do. 
He has done his work so thoroughly and so well that it is not probable 
that any other book on the subject will ever be written. 

Taft Papers on the League of Nations. Edited by Theodore Mar- 
burg, M. A., LL. D., and Horace E. Flack, Ph. D. New York. The 
Macmillan Company, 1920, pp. 340. 

This collection of the papers of Wm. H. Taft groups in order his 
speeches, and the correspondence, especially with the White House, on 
the League of Nations. Particular attention is given to the addresses 
in which Mr. Taft met the objections made to entering the League on 
the ground that it would interfere with our sovereignty and the Mon- 
roe Doctrine, abandonment of our traditional policy, &c. 

It is a book of great value to students of recent history. 

Ulysses S. Grant. His Life and Character. By Hamlin Garland. 

New York. The Macmillan Company, 1920, pp. 524, illustrated. 

While the reader of this book should bear in mind that the author 
is a most enthusiastic admirer of General Grant, he will find it a 
valuable and interesting account of a great figure in American history. 
Mr. Garland has evidently made very careful preparation for his work 
and, of course, knows how to present his subject in a very readable and 
attractive way. 




11 Governor Street, 

Mr. Reginald M. Glencross 

LONDOiN S. W. 20, ENG. 

Undertakes Pedigree Work and all 
kinds of Record Searching. 

In order to qualify himself for this profession Mr. 
Glencross studied History at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, from 1896-9 to 1899, when he took Honours 
in the Historical Tripos and his B. A. degree. For 
three years, 1900-3, he was an Assistant Secretary at 
the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, where he had ex- 
perience in the practical side of historical research. 
In 1905 he passed the Law Tripos at Cambridge and 
took his LL B., and subsequently satisfied the Exam- 
iner in Palaeology and Diplomatic at the London 
School of Economics, being one of the four who did so. 

Fees — hi Advance. 

For work in London, 1 guinea (about $5.00) per day. 
11 outside " £1: 15 (about $9.00) per day. 

Intending Clients should send full particulars of 
what they already know and a draft for a round sum 
at their own discretion. Mr. Glencross will report as 
soon as any thing relevant is found or, failing that, the 
money is exhausted. Any balance remaining in hand 
will be returned. 

If you have found your Emigrant Ancestor 
why be content to stop there? 

$5.00 per Annum 

Single No. $1.50 








VOIi. XXIX— No. 4 

OCTOBER, 1921 

Entered at the Postoffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter 

109 Governor Street, Ricninond, Va. 





i. Stevens' Diary 385 

2. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704 402 

3. Some Valley Notes , 413 

4. Minutes of the Council and General Court 423 

5. Virginia Gleanings in England 431 

6. Virginia State Troops in the Revolution 439 

7. Letters from Thomas Jefferson to Wm. B. Giles. . 445 

8. Virginia Historical Pageant Association 448 

9. Virginia War History Commission Supplement.. 449 

10. Notes and Queries 497 

11. Genealogy 516 

(Newton and Corbin Families) 

12. Book Reviews 527 

13. General Title Page, Table of Contents and Index. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXIX October, 1921 No. 4 


Journal of James Stevens, who lived in Halifax County, 
Virginia, and went to Scotland in 1786, for the purpose of 
procuring mill stones, bolting cloths and other stores for his 
flour mill and business establishment in Halifax County. The 
first page of the journal has been mutilated. The journal it- 
self begins, however, with his arrival at Norfolk from up the 

"Passage in the Ship Nancy to Portsmouth and Norfolk to 
clear out and procure fresh flour, where we stayed that night, 
after finishing our business at those towns. Next day we re- 
turned to the Brig at Hampton, wind still at East. Next day 
being the 8th, saw the Harrison, Kerr from Spain, the Isa- 
bella, McCallister and the Neptune, Bell Master from Glas- 
gow. Wind at East. The tenth the first mate and I went on 
board the Harrison and procured five hundred lemons ; the 
nth we went to Hampton and got some necessarys in that 
Town. The 12th weighed anchor and took our departure from 
Hampton Roads and got past Cape Henry, where we were 
obliged to come to an anchor same night. Next morning we 

1 We are indebted to General W. H. Carter, U. S. A., for a copy of 
this diary. The way in which this sedate Scotchman, who was evi- 
dently a devout Presbyterian, occupied himself during a visit to his 
native country, is quite different from the life of many other Vir- 
ginians who spent most of their time "at home", in London or Bath. 


weighed anchor and took our last departure from Cape Henry 
and got to sea — thick fogs and calmings. Gulph stream one 
hundred leagues off the continent ; rough seas. The sixteenth 
at night much thunder and lightning, attended with heavy 
showers ; wind at west and by south. A ship to windward 
next morning, which seemed to wish to speak us but could not. 
The twentieth wind north and by east with heavy seas ; obliged 
to lay to next day. Dead lights up, much rain with thunder 
and lightning. June the first we spoke Captain Brakster, the 
Brig Providence from Ireland in Longitude 43, bound to New- 
foundland, being out 26 days from Waterford. The eighth we 
saw a Solan goose, from which we expected we were nearer 
land than we were. The tenth wind still to east. The seven- 
teenth Longitude 11 we saw a large ship, seemed to be a man 
of war and a brig to leeward, wind still at east. The eigh- 
teenth saw two brigs to windward, wind at east, saw weeds. 
The nineteenth we spoke the Aurora Brig, Captain Tweed 
from Demarera, bound to Liverpool, out nine weeks, who de- 
sired to be put in the papers — moderate breezes. Same day 
saw a sloop to leeward. The twentieth we spoke a sloop from 
Messina, out nine weeks. Spoke the ship Boyd from Jamaica 
bound to Bristol, out eleven weeks, who from their reckoning 
judged they were near land. The same afternoon we made 
the norwest coast of Ireland, eleven leagues off, where were 
agreeably entertained next morning with the fishermen, who 
told us if we would give them a bottle of rum, they would give 
us a fish for nothing. However we were obliged to give them 
two bottles for fish — moderate breezes with some calmings. 
We got variety of fish, such as mackerel, noud, heck, lythe, 
haddock, cod and ling. There are vast numbers of fishing 
boats on this coast. The people during the fishing season live 
along the shore in huts. The twenty-seventh we arrived safe 
at Greenock. 2 After dinner I waited on Mr. William Hamil- 
ton with a letter of introduction from Mr. Robert Donald, Vir- 

2 Greenock was then the port of Glasgow. At that time the Clyde 
at the city itself was only 180 feet wide and 3 feet deep. Now it has 
been opened to the width of 500 feet and depth suitable to large ocean- 
going steamers. 


ginia, who gave me a polite reception. Next day I hired a 
boat and set of! for Glasgow, where I landed in the afternoon 
very wet. In the evening I was much diverted with the hu- 
mors of the fishmongers at the Broomylaw, which to me had a 
strange appearance. Twenty-ninth a new scene opened to my 
view, wherein I apprehended danger. A wild horse (for so 
he may be called) broke away from his keeper and like to run 
over some of the people. I am sure nothing but the inter- 
position of Divine providence could have protected them from 
the impetuosity of that fierce animal, when they cried out kep 
him, kep him, a term I had forgot as well as many others which 
I am at a loss to express in writing. Same day I waited on 
my worthy friend, Mr. Blair, who (after I made myself 
known) gave me a kind welcome and was of great service in 
helping me to refit — my rigging being much damaged by the 
long disagreeable passage I had. Saturday, the first of July, 
my rigging being finished, the next thing was to see my 
my brother (for I was ashamed to see him in my dishabille), 
who I knew would expect me to be very rich after being near 
18 years in Virginia, and in consequence of which made a 
grand appearance; however this happened not to be the case. 
My brother upon knowing I was from Virginia and that I was 
acquainted with his brother (whom he had not had a letter 
from for 23 months) was very glad to see me. He asked if I 
knew whether he enjoyed his health, and whether the world 
smiled or frowned on him. I answered I had reason to believe 
he was well in health, but otherways had but little to say. He 
said he had received advice of my coming home last year, 
but from his not hearing from -me any manner of way for near 
two years concluded I must be dead, or perhaps perished at 
sea. Drinking some porter and a good deal of conversation 
having passed, in the course of which I was obliged to turn 
my face aside, being so moved at the concern he expressed for 
my welfare, at last to his agreeable surprise I reached out 
my hand and embraced him and told him I was his brother. 
Upon a serious reflection I am in hopes that this will be 
thought no great deception, as it is the duty of every rational 


creature to be well acquainted with him, or herself agreeable 
to a noble writer — it is our misfortune to be better acquainted 
with others than ourselves — our only study being, first to know 
ourselves and what we were intended for. After drinking the 
other mug the next thing was to see our sister and her little 
family. My brother being with me I made myself known im- 
mediately, which with the great surprise, together with com- 
memorating the great loss she had sustained in her family, 
caused her to shed tears mingled with joy and grief at once. 
Next day being Sunday, I proposed being Churched, 3 but my 
brother being preengaged otherwise I was attended to the new 
chapel (which contains upwards of 1700 people) by my friend 
Mr. Blair, where I had the pleasure of hearing the Revd. 
James Stevens lecture on the first and 2d and preach upon the 
3d verse of the 12th Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans, 
from whence I returned (in the interval of public worship) 
with Mr. Blair, who attended me to the chapel in the after- 
noon, where we heard another fine sermon on the same text, 
from which place we returned to my friend's house, where we 
spent the remainder of the day very agreeably. 

Monday. The Delph House I have just had a full view 
of, which may be justly ranked among the curiosities of this 
place. I am just invited to drink tea at six at night with a 
gentleman and lady of my brother's acquaintance. Mr. Jame- 
son, one of Buchanan, Hartie & Company's partners (whose 
employ I had formerly been in) waited on me very politely to 
know how I left Major Hartie and what success he met with 
in settling their affairs in Virginia. 

Tuesday, the fourth, I set out (under convoy of Mr. Hardy) 
to see Partuk 4 Wheat Mills, which from the grand apparatus, 
I am unable to describe ; they have wire bolting cloths of five 

Wednesday, the fifth, in the afternoon, I set off in a passage 
boat for Greenock, where we arrived half past three next 
morning, expecting to meet with some arrivals from Virginia, 

8 "Churched" was doubtless a service of thanksgiving for his safe 

4 Partick now a suburb of Glasgow. 

Stevens' diary 389 

being anxious to hear from my family and friends there, but 
was disappointed. 

Thursday the great Fair came on at that place which con- 
tinued all the week, where all the different trades parade each 
having a band of music and all in their different uniforms, the 
shoe makers excelling all the rest with their great King Cris- 
piana, with his champions riding before and his train bearers 
behind. The Royal Robes and the whole apparatus, it is said, 
cost the Town of Glasgow near five hundred pounds. Next 
day I walked up to Newport Glasgow, two miles distant, where 
I was kindly received by Mr. Carmicheal, Surgeon (who had 
been in the East Indies) with whom I dined, being agreeably 
entertained with a description of the different qualities of cer- 
tain plants, together with a view of the India Gold and Silver 
fish which he had in a glass font of water upon a table, after 
which I returned to Greenock, where I spent the evening very 
agreeably with Mr. Hamilton, with whom, together with Mr. 
Wilson, I set off next morning for Glasgow, where we reached 
by midday, which being Sunday, after a little repast I attended 
at the chapel, where the Revd. Mr. McGloud preached a fine 
sermon on these words "He is despised and rejected of men" — 
Isaiah 53 & 3, from whence I returned with my good old 
friend Mr. Blair. 

Monday, the tenth, I walked with my fellow passenger a 
mile out to see the west end of the Grand Canal. On our way 
out we met a dog pulling a four wheeled carriage with a woman 
and two twin children in it. Among the number of elegant 
buildings on the River Clyde, it may not be amiss to take 
notice of Lord Samples, 5 which has upwards of three hundred 
doors and windows. 

Sunday, 16th, I set out for Baldernock, six miles distant, 
attended by Mr. Buchanan and his lady, where I had the 
pleasure of hearing the Revd. Mr. Cooper preach on the 2 
Epistle of Paul to Timothy 1 & 10. Here I had a view of the 

5 Hugh, 13th Lord Sempill, or Semple. John and James Semple, 
who emigrated to Virginia in 1752, were sons of Rev. James Semple, 
minister of Dreghorn, Scotland, and came of a younger branch of this 


ruins of my ancestors, which are all interred in this Church- 
yard. Next day I wasted on a cousin I had in that parish. 
Tuesday I visited a number of old acquaintances, when I 
thought seven women would have taken hold of me they were 
all so glad to see me. In the afternoon I went up to Bullo- 
chain Moor with Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Harvy to view the 
old Castle and the three wives lift, &c. Wednesday the 19th 
went to Kirkintilloch, four miles distant, to a young lady's 
burial, the mother being an old acquaintance I was admitted 
to partake of every part of the ceremony as one of the relations 
and supported on the right side of the corpse to the churchyard, 
where she was interred. This was the first corpse I had seen 
for upwards of eighteen years. The ceremony being over I 
returned to Glasgow in the evening. Saturday 22 I walked 
out to Calder (4 miles distant) to the sacrament, where I heard 
the Revd. Mr. Lapsly preach Mathew XIIII & 23 & Mr. Dunn 
Psalms 26 & 2, from which place went over Kelvin to a cousin's 
and returned to Calder Church next day, where I was intro- 
duced into Mr. Stevenson's pew and had the pleasure of hear- 
ing Mr. Dunn Senr. preach his action sermon on Solomon II 
& 4, after which saw the table service. 

Mr. Dunn being desirous to see me I was introduced to him 
by Mr. Buchanan, one of his elders, who notwithstanding the 
great business of that day pressed me to dine with the minister 
and made me promise to call on him again before I left Britain. 
The day being finished I returned to my cousin's again and 
went back next day, where I heard Mr. McCulloch preach on 
Luke X & 42 and Mr. Crawford on Peter III — 11 & 12 and 
Mr. Cooper on Peter III & 18. Mr. McCulloch preached on 
Sunday night. Tuesday I had an invitation to breakfast with 
my old friend John Stevens, where I was agreeably enter- 
tained with his son and nephew James and his only daughter. 
After breakfast his son conducted me through the college gar- 
den, which is very extensive and beautifully diversified with 
walks and a number of shrubs &c, with an observatory in it, 
from whence we returned and I engaged to dine with them 
next day, being preengaged to dine that day with Mr. Millar, 


where I was introduced to the Miss Hunters, sisters-in-law to 
Mr. Millar, one of which had been four years in Virginia at 
her uncle Sprouls 6 in Gosport, which made the company the 
more agreeable, she being very conversable and had seen some 
of my acquaintances in Virginia. This evening Mr. Stevens 
and the two clergymen, his son and nephew, waited on me at 
my room, where we spent the evening very agreeably. Next 
day I dined with them, when it was remarked three of us being 
of the same name and surname. After the dinner the old 
gentlemen walked through the college garden and the college 
with me, where I had a view of the library in a room 36 by 60 
high pitched all round full of books. In the Divinity Hall was 
the different principals and professors in effigy, who had de- 
parted this life, among which are Martin Luther and John 
Calvin and others who suffered martyrdom on account of their 
religion, in all, exclusive of Principal Lishman, who died last 
winter, being the only one I remembered seeing in this life. 
In the great hall are three elegant pctures viz : the first RaphePs 
carrying our Savior from the cross to the tomb, assisted by 
Joseph of Arimathea, supporting the principal weight ; the next 
St. John dressed in blue with a red mantle hanging over his 
left shoulder; the next in order is Nicodemus, an alderly man, 
in whose countenance the remains of freshness are more mel- 
lowed than that of Joseph's, his head and beard are grey. 
The principal of the other group, which consists of 4 figures, is 
the blessed Virgin, who faints; her countenance is pale; her 
eyes shut ; her mouth a little open. Her body is supported by 
2 maids ; the one behind clasping her arms around the Virgin's 
waist ; the one before applies a hand to each side, which support 
her breast below the arms. The other maid who supports is 
wholly occupied with the Virgin; her back is turned toward 
the spectator and her face toward the object of her care. The 
dimensions of this picture are 5 2/3 feet in breadth and the 
same in length. Any stranger who can view this scene with- 
out being deeply affected must be past feeling when he beholds 
the paleness of the Redeemer's face; how exhausted of blood; 

6 Andrew Sprowle, long a merchant at Gosport, Portsmouth, Va. 


how meek the expression ; how unassumed the fortitude ; what 
sufferings are marked to have preceded death and the blood 
trickling down from His side, hands and feet. 

The School at Athens, the dimensions of which copy are 
fifteen feet in breadth by ten in height. In this cut is a lively 
representation of the School of Pythagoras, which is the most 
ancient of all the schools represented. Immediately behind is 
the School of Socrates, the first who received philosophy after 
Pythagoras. Then follows next in order the School of Plato, 
the most eminent in philosophy of all the disciples of Socrates. 
Then follows the School of Aristotle, the most illustrious of all 
the disciples of Plato. No philosopher was ever heard with 
greater veneration than Pythagoras ; above three hundred of 
his disciples became famous authors, of whose works there 
remain only a few fragments, to the great regret of all the 
lovers of ancient wisdom. 

Mr. Foulis refused three hundred pounds for this by a lady. 
The Martyrdom of Saint Catherine. The dimensions of this 
picture are five feet seven inches in height by four feet in 
breadth. The wheel on which St. Catherine was to suffer is 
on the extremity of the picture. Before the wheel stands two 
assistants to the executioner, the one having two ropes in his 
hands, the other a spear ; both are in armour ; they are of dark 
and grim complexions. The arm of St. Catherine seems by the 
two so twisted with the cord as to be out of joint. She kneels 
on a cushion fringed with gold ; her drapery is white satin and 
blue silk ; her eyes looking upwards, but the expression exceed- 
ingly calm and temperate ; great meekness of character, 
heightened by youth, beauty and the features of innocence. Be- 
hind her are two young ladies ; the one to the right has dark 
hair and a fair complexion ; her right hand is lifted to her 
cheek and in it a handkerchief ; the tears are falling down her 
cheeks and her whole expression shows a profound and tender 
grief. The other lady supports the long hair of St. Catherine 
with her left hand, bending forward to an old priest asking 
whether any mercy was to be expected for St. Catherine. He 
answers by pointing to a statue on a pedestal that by submit- 


ting to the person whose statue is exhibited there favor might 
be found. This is the statue of Maximin, under whom she is 
said to have suffered. It is said Maximin put her to death as 
Christian to revenge her refusal of being his mistress — Oh 
what a monster he must have been. 

Thursday the 3d August I set out for Lochlong, 37 miles 
distant to visit Mr. Robert Hope, where I arrived in the after- 
noon and spent the evening very agreeably. Next day we 
dined at Mr. Todd's on Lochlomond, 7 where we were politely 
entertained. Sunday we went to church, this being in the 
Highlands the minister preached two sermons, one in Gaelic 
and the other in English. This evening we dined down the 
loch with Mr. Campbell and his lady of Colessan. On our 
way up we drank tea with Captain Campbell after spending a 
few days in this part of the country very agreeably. 

Wednesday the 9th I took my passage in a boat down Loch- 
long 7 into Clyde and up to Greenock, where I arrived the same 
night (with an expectation of hearing from Virginia) I stayed 
till Friday when I went up the Clyde to Glasgow. Saturday I 
drank tea with my old acquaintance, Mr. Stevens's family who 
prevailed on me to go to Shittlestown Sacrament next day, 3 
miles distant. Mr. James the younger who preached first* 
introduced me into the Tent, where I continued till I heard 
three more ministers preach, after which I returned to Glas- 
gow to my lodgings. Beginning now to be impatient for the 
arrival of the Mary, Captain McKie from Virginia (who has 
my tobacco on board) that I might return to my family, obliges 
me to omit several little scenes only that of attending the pub- 
lic theater, where several actors and actresses performed very 
well. The house is very elegant and a great concourse of 

7 Scotland and Glasgow before Burns and Sir Walter seem strange to 
lis. The country around, within one or two hours travel by rail, 
from Ayr in the south to Ben Lomond in the north, has for the modern 
visitor a wealth of interest undreamed of by James Stevens and his 
contemporaries. Now the passing years have brought another change, 
and the average visitor to Scotland knows almost as little of the works 
of these men as did our traveller. Some one (Lamb?) said that there 
was a compensation for age in being born soon enough to see Mrs. 
Siddons act. It is a real compensation to people over fifty that they 
do not know their Scott and Burns from the guide book alone. 

* Revelation 3 & 18 ; Solomon 1 & 7 ; Math. 6 & 23 ; Habak. 3 & 17. 


people attended, yet notwithstanding the grand apparatus I 
thought it prudent to decline so expensive an amusement. The 
20th being the preparation Sabbath at the chapel I attended 
there as also the Sacrament Sabbath, where there were upwards 
of 1500 communicants including myself, this being the second 
time I partook of this sacred ordinance since my arrival in 
Britain. Mr. Stevens preached the action sermon from the 
Revelation of St. John 2 & 18, his colleague Mr. McGloud 
preached at night with candles lighted on these words: "The 
God of the Hebrews hath met with us ; let us go, we pray 
thee, three days journey into the desert and sacrifice unto the 
Lord our God." I attended on Thursday, Saturday and the 
whole of this occasion. 30th I drank tea last evening with the 
two clergymen and James, the elder sister at a Miss Corner's, 
where we were agreeably entertained. Next Friday night Miss 
Corner returns the visit when I shall make one of the com- 
pany at their own house. My anxiety is too great to detail 
every little circumstance. However I shall still continue to 
adhere as much as possible to my good friends company. 

Thursday 31 not being fully satisfied with the pictures in 
the College, I went and reviewed them all over again and got 
three books in which there is a great deal of good reading be- 
sides a description of a variety of pictures. 

Sunday 3d September I walked out to Woodside with the 
Revd. Mr. James Stevens, where I had the pleasure of hear- 
ing him lecture on the latter part of the first Psalm and preach 
on these words "For other foundation can no man lay than 
that is laid, which is Jesus Christ." 1st Corinthians 3 & 11. 

Tuesday the 5th I breakfasted at Mr. Galloways at the re- 
quest of a lady from Edinburgh who wished to hear some- 
thing of her friends in Virginia.* This evening I was visited 
by my friend Mr. Stevens and the two clergymen with whom 
I have all along kept up a very friendly intercourse and as 
such company must be the most wholesome shall still continue 
so to do. 

Wednesday morning, white frost. This evening I had an 

* Mrs. Hart who has 2 sons in Petersburg. 

Stevens' diary 395, 

invitation to hear the Revd. Mr. James Stevens (a young man 
from the West of this — licensed about four months) preach at 
the chapel, on these words "He that saith he abideth in Him, 
ought himself also to walk, even as He walked (1st Epistle 
of John 2 & 6). This man, notwithstanding a young preacher, 
gave general satisfaction to the hearers. 

The 9th set off in the stage for Greenock, where we arrived 
in the evening, the remainder of which I spent with Mr. Wil- 
liam Hamilton with whom I supped. This gentleman very 
politely invited me to take a seat in Church with him next day, 
where I had the pleasure of hearing the Revd. Mr. Read after 
a fine lecture preach on Ecclesiastes 5 & first. In the interval 
of public worship the Nelly sailed for Caills in Spain. Wed- 
nesday the Helena, Captain Crawford, and the Isabella, McCal- 
lister for Virginia, the first of which I wrote by. On Friday 
after unloading the Mary and her cargo being inspected, there 
was a dinner given at the White Hart at the expense of all who 
had tobacco on board the Brigantine Mary, Captain Mackie, 
an American vessel, as she had 10 hhds for me I was obliged 
to be one of the guests. The same evening I returned to Glas- 
gow by water. 

Sunday the 17th I attended at the English Chapel, where 
I heard two fine sermons, one on these words, "Though after 
this life worms destroy my body, yet in my flesh shall I see 
God" (Job). The other I forgot, being so ravished with the 
organ and singing boys, which I think if there be any such 
thing as Heavenly music on earth this comes the nearest, not- 
withstanding the most of the other professions here disapprove 
of it. 

The 8th instant I dined at Mr. Moses Stevens, in company 
with the Revd. Mr. James Stevens, junr., his Uncle — Captain 
Graham — and Mr. Gow, where I was constrained to stay and 
drink tea, in the interval of which I was very agreeably enter- 
tained, the old lady, his mother, being rather clanish, is re- 
markably fond of the name, although no relation. 

Tuesday the Circuit Judges came to town for the trial of 
criminals. The same day they opened court in the council 


chamber, where I attended with a number of spectators. This 
appeared to me to be performed with great solemnity, the court 
being fenced with a prayer by one of the ministers. The first 
prisoner called for was John Cox for shop breaking, who ap- 
peared by his attorney to be insane, and was sent back to jail 
till six at night that his witnesses might be ready. The next 
called for was Kenneday Murry for theft, who rather than risk 
a trial petitioned by his attorney for banishment for the term 
of three years, which was granted by amending the petition 
and adding a few more years. At six Cox's trial came on, 
when a cloud of witnesses were called upon in behalf of the 
prisoner, among which were Dr. Parland and another physi- 
cian who had attended him in jail in order to try his intellec- 
tuals, but from the whole chain of the evidence (one excepted) 
it did not appear that the prisoner had any notion of right or 
wrong, the being of a God or a future state of rewards and 

Wednesday, the 20th, I attended at the trial of Elizabeth 
Paul and Daniel McKay, both for theft, the first said to be an 
old offender, a woman of bad character, habits and repute a 
thief. Her indictment being read she was asked if she was 
guilty; she answered not guilty, whereupon their Lordships 
found the libel relevent to infer the pains of law and several 
witnesses were examined ; the Advocate repute summed up 
the evidence on the part of the crown, and Mr. Clerk advocate 
for the pannel, when the Lord Justice Clerk charged the jury 
in a very able speech, and the jury having inclosed in a short 
time returned a verdict unanimously finding the libel proven. 
Their Lordships delayed pronouncing sentence till to-morrow 
one o'clock. 

David say Daniel McKay being called to the Bar and the 
indictment read to him he was asked if he was guilty of the 
crime libelled, to which he made answer he was, upon which 
their Lordships found the libel relevent to infer the pains of 
law and remitted the pannel to a verdict of an assize, and after 
several witnesses were examined the advocate repute summed 
up the evidence on the part of the crown and the pannel's advo- 


cate for his part, when their Lordships charged the jury, after 
which they were inclosed, and in a short time returned a verdict 
unanimously finding the libel proven, when their Lordships 
delayed passing sentence till the time aforesaid. 

Kenneday Murray was brought to the Bar charged with 
house breaking and habit and repute a thief. Mr. Hogg advo- 
cate presented a petition signed by the pannel craving to be 
banished, which the advocate depute consented to, on which 
he was ordered back to prison. 

September 21st the Court met according to appointment, 
and Daniel McKay being brought to the Bar was sentenced to 
be banished for life. Next Kenneday Murray was called to 
the bar and was sentenced to be banished for fourteen years 
with certification if ever he was found in Scotland during that 
period he was to be whipped upon the next Wednesday after 
his being brought to Glasgow prison. John Cox was ordered 
to be detained in jail till sufficient caution be found acted in 
the Books of journal that he shall be kept in some secure so as- 
not to hurt the public under the penalty of five hundred marks. 

September 21st the Court met according to appointment and 
Elizabeth Paul being brought to the bar the verdict of the 
assize was read to her, and after the Judge had long reasoned 
on the heinousness of her crime, afterwards passed sentence, 
which was : to be carried back to prison until the 25th day of 
next October, and on that day to be taken from thence to the 
common place of execution and there to be hanged by the neck 
betwixt the hour of 2 and 4 o'clock afternoon until she was 
dead. Lord Justice Clerk admonished her the short time she 
had to live in preparing for a future state, and warned the 
spectators to take warning by the poor unhappy woman now 
at the bar, especially young persons, by showing how hard it 
was to bring those persons who had been addicted to vicious 
habits off from them. 

Criminals here have a very fair chance for their lives. There 
is only one witness examined at a time, so that the next never 
hears what the former one says. Their manner of adminis- 
tering the oath I think more solemn than in some countries 


which is administered by the Judge saying thus : I swear by 
Almighty God, and as I shall answer at the great day of 
judgment to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but 
the truth as I know and shall be asked, all which the witness 
repeats, after which the judge asks if he has received any 
reward or has been told what to say, or if he owes the pris- 
oner any malice, which being answered no he is examined in 
the strictest manner. 

Friday, 6th October, went out in the Whisky 8 with Mr. 
Wardrob with whom I dined in company with his sister, Mr. 
and Mrs. Duncan and Miss Moorhead and returned the same 
night attended by a servant in the Whisky. 

Saturday I attended the riders who exhibited horsemanship 
in all its various branches, after which dined with Mr. Mc- 
Gown and at night attended the Tumbling Boys in the Mer- 
chants Hall, where they walked and tumbled on the slack rope, 
etc., with great dexterity. 

Sunday 8th I went to the Chapel where I had the pleasure 
of hearing the Revd. Mr. Stevens lecture on Paul's Epistle to 
the Romands XIII — I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. In the afternoon I 
went to the Hill and Church, where I had the happiness to 
liear the Revd. Mr. Fraiser. 

Wednesday evening the 9th drank tea at Moses Stevens, 
where there was only ten in company, nine of which were 
Stevens's, three of the same name and surname, viz : The Revd. 
James Senr. and Junr., and myself. The same night supped 
with the Revd. Mr. McCalla at Mr. Charles Duncan's. The 
preceding night I supped at the Black Bull with two of my old 
school fellows. The night following supped with my creditors 
at Mr. Dury's. Friday morning went down to Greenock in 
the stage coach. Sunday hired a boat and returned by water 
in quest of the sloop James, Captain Ferguson, who had my 
goods on board carrying down to the Ship Cunningham, Cap- 
tain Patterson, and which I found aground near Dumbarton 
but could not get near her, it being low water. Monday I 
went down by water again. However the James had got off 

8 This, "Whisky", was a kind of horse chaise. 


in the night at high water and was at Greenock before me 
which gave me great ease in mind. Being advised by Doctor 
Carmichael to let blood and ride for a bad eld, I had returned 
on horseback to Glasgow on Wednesday with an expectation 
of seeing my friends from the country, it being market day. 
Saturday I dined with the clergymen at my old friends Jno. 

Sunday 226. I attended at the Chapel, where the Revd. Mr. 
McGloud preached in the forenoon on these words "And lead 
us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil." Mathew VI 
& 13, and the Revd. Mr. Stevens in the afternoon on these 
"O Ephraim what shall I do unto thee, O Judah what shall I 
do unto thee; for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and 
as the early dew it goeth away." The latter I spent the eve- 
ning very agreeably with at his uncle's. 

Monday evening 23rd, John, James Senr. and Junr., and 
Miss Nancy Stevens, Moses Stevens and his mother drank tea 
with me at my lodgings, where we spent the night very agree- 

Wednesday morning breakfasted with Moses and his mother. 
This day Elizabeth Paul was executed in the Castle yard for 
stealing. She was attended to the place of execution by the 
Revd. Mr. McGloud and Mr. Perry and a number of spectators. 
I only viewed her out at a meadow as they went along, which 
to me appeared very melancholy. 

Thursday 26th I was entertained with a view of the Tiger 
from Bengal in the East Indias and Bear from Russia. 

Saturday the 28th I took leave of my friends at Glasgow and 
set off in company with Mr. Wilson, Mr. Spence and others in 
a boat bound for Greenock, which place we reached at nine 
o'clock at night. 

1786, October, Sunday, 12 o'clock, went on board the Cun- 
ningham at the tail of the bank and got under way by one 
o'clock, in order to reach our desired port, City Point, James 
River, Virginia, as soon as may be." 

The remainder of the book was taken up with the daily 


journal, giving observations of longitude and latitude, making 
of sail, ordinary routine of the ship, etc. 

"Friday night dropped anchor in Hampton Roads. Sunday 
evening went to Norfolk; returned next day. Wednesday 3d 
January, 1787, weighed anchor and proceeded up James 

The following copies of two letters are also found in the 
book containing the journal: 

"Glasgow, 1st Sept., 1786. 
Gentlemen : 

I am just favored with yours of the 26th ultimo, and am 
much obliged to you for your care in forwarding the mill- 
stones ; only I should have been glad to have seen them at the 
west end of the Canal that I might have had Mr. McKell's 
opinion of them. However, I have no doubt of their being 
agreeable to the instructions. The commission is lower and 
the freight higher than I expected. I thought stones went by 
the ton, but of this more anon. The one you mention of the 
18, I have not had the pleasure to receive. It is my detention 
here makes me uneasy for the arrival of Mary, Captain Mackie ; 
my long absence from my family, besides my losing the first 
of the market of what I carry out with me. The bolting cloths 
I wish you would have lodged at Mr. Gray's. 

Yours etc., 

James Stevens." 

Glasgow, 2d September, 1786. 

I am sorry you have called so often without seeing me. For 
awhile I always left word when I went out when I would re- 
turn again, but expecting every one that wanted had seen me 
I gave over this precaution. However first time you come to 
town shall be very glad to see you. In the interim tender my 
compliments to Mrs. Hendry and wish you all the happiness 
that can attend the married life. 

Yours etc. 

James Stevens. 
William Hendry, Esq. 


"Glasgow, 6th September, 1786. 
Gentlemen : 

Yours of Monday's date I am duly favored with. The bolt- 
ing cloths I expected might been lodged somewhere about this 
place and that case wished to pack them up here but as they 
are at Greenock it will be needless to send them back when 
they are so far on the way. 

Mr. Robert Donald 9 certaintly means to perish me out here. 
It is very strange to receipt for tobacco to be shipped in a 
week or two after I left Virginia not to be here yet. When he 
found he could not charter a vessel so soon as he expected I 
wish he had put in on board some other. I would freely paid 
double freight rather than been here so long. 

Yours most hbls servant, 

James Stevens. 
Messrs. Hamilton, Wilson & Co., 


9 Robert Donald was a Scotch merchant who long carried on a very 
extensive business in Virginia. In 1774 he was a member of the Ches- 
terfield County Committee of Safety and in November 1779 married 
Nancy Osborne of that county. 




A Compleat List of the Rent Roll of the Land in Nanse- 
mond County In Anno 1704. 


John Murdaugh 300 

Jn° Duke 113 

Tho. Duke Jun r 930 

Edw d Roberts 250 

Paul Pender 240 

Tho. Duke 400 

James Fowler 440 

Robt. Baker 50 

Isaac Sketto 100 

Edw d Sketto 200 

Anth° Gunnus 50 

Francis Sketto 100 

W m Parker 100 

Francis Parker 170 

Tho Parker 300 

Jn° Small 100 

Moses Hall 95 

Edw d Beamond 550 

Rich d Parker 514 

Capt. James Jossey 550 

Wm. Sanders 200 

Jn° Sanders 165 

Tho Mansfield 60 

Wm. Woodlcy 350 

Andrew Bourne 200 

Gilbert Owen 120 

Wm. Sanders Jun r 165 

Capt. John Speir 500 


Capt. James Reddick [Riddick] 


James Griffin 


Nich° Stallings 


John Stallings 


Rich d Stallings 


Elias Stallings Jun r 


Joseph Baker 


Wm. Jones 


Rob* Roundtree 


John Roundtree 


Geo. Spivey 


James Spivey 


James Knight 


Jn° Gorden 


Edw d Arnold 


James Mulleny 


Tho Docton 


Wm. Britt 


Nath. Newby 


Elias Stalling 


Robt. Lassiter 


Patrick Wood 


Wm. Thompson 


Jonathan Kitterell 


Adam Rabey 


Jno. Powell 


John Reddick [Riddick] 


Henry Copeland 


Thomas Davis 


Jno Smith 


Tho. Harrald 


Rich d Baker 


Sam 11 Smith 


Wm. Hood 


Tho. Roundtree 


Henry Hill 


Jn° Larkhum 


Wm. Vann 



Joseph Cooper 2&j 

John Harris 600 

Francis Copeland 513 

Eliz b Price 1 50 

Wm. Hill 150 

Tho. Spivey 200 

Jn° Campbell 400 

Jn° Morley 100 

Jos. Rogers 15 

Jn° Cole 814 

Tho. Harrald 100 

Christ Garvin Jun r 20 

Daniell Horton 200 

Wm. Bruin 300 

Peter Eason 400 

Anne Pugh 2300 

Benj a Blanchard 130 

Tho. Norfleet 500 

John Odum 50 

Tho. Gough 150 

Hugh Gough 150 

Epapap Boyne 100 

Henry Baker 375 

Christo. Gwin 1010 

James Speirs 200 

Epaphra Benton 250 

Wm. Eason 180 

Andrew Brown 25 

Wm. Home 100 

Robt. Reddick [Riddick] 200 

Henry Hackley 210 

Tho. Roberts 30 

Abr. Reddick [Riddick] 400 

Jn° Parker 240 

Rich d Barefield 900 

John Benton 660 

Jn° Pipkin 100 

Jos. Brady 250 


Christ Dudley 200 

Tho. Norris 100 

Tho. Wiggins 100 

Patrick Lawley 50 

Robt. Warren 100 

Rich d Odium 50 

Tho. Davis 340 

Tho. Barefeild 100 

John Eason 150 

Jeremiah Arlin 250 

Jn° Perry 870 

Jn° Drury 87 

Joseph Booth . 987 

Cresham Cofield 350 

Rich d Sumner 600 

Edw d Norfleet 200 

Jn° Norfleet 600 

Edw d Moore 250 

Tho. Moore 200 

James Lawrey 40 

James Daughtie 400 

John Wallis 150 

Rich d Sanders Jun r 100 

Wm. Byrd 300 

James Howard 700 

John Brinkley 430 

Robt. Horning 80 

AVm. Speirs 200 

Sarah Exum 150 

Jn° Larrence 175 

•Nich° Perry 200 

Sampson Merridith 400 

Coll. Tho. Milner 1484 

Joseph Merridith 250 

Thomas Kinder 160 

Henry King 300 

Joseph Hine 150 

Wm. King 140 


Julian King 700 

Mich. King 80 

Capt. Tho. Godwin Jun r 697 

Henry Lawrence 200 

Jn° King 1000 

Rich d Hine 200 

Capt. Fra. Milner 479 

Benj a Nevill 475 

Elib b Nearlor 80 

Wm. Keene 200 

Jn° Symmons 678 

Hen. Johnson 150 

Jn° Darden 500 

Wm. Everett 150 

Wm. Pope 890 

Joseph Worrell 270 

Tho. Jernegan Jun r 135 

Rich d Lawrence 200 

Jonathan Robinson 400 

Robt. Yates 150 

Tho. Odium 20 

John Barefield 300 

John Raules 600 

Thomas Boyt 400 

Tho. Vaughan 200 

Jn° Parker 300 

Rich d Green 200 

Elisha Ballard 300 

Sam 11 Watson 200 

Francis Spight 400 

Joseph Ballard 200 

John Oxley lOO 

Benj a Rogers 600 

Robt. Rogers 300 

Hen. Jerregan 200 

Jn° Stansell 500 

Henry Jenkins 400 

Capt. Wm. Hunter 800 


Jn° Moore 


Rich d Moore. 


Edw d Homes 


Fra. Cambridge 


Wm. Ward 


Jn° Rice 


Wm. Battaill [Battle] 


Wm. Spite 


Abr. Oadham 


Jacob Oadham 


Jn° Lee 


Wm. Macklenny 


Rob* Coleman 


Jn° Bryan 


Wm. Daughtrie 


Jn° Copeland 


Jn° Butler 


James Butler 


Tho. Roads 


Wm. Collins 


Jn° Hodgpath 


Jn° Holland 


Robt Carr 


Wm. Waters 


Rob* Lawrence 


Wm. Bryon 


Lewis Bryon 


James Lawrence 


Wm. Gatlin 


Joseph Gutchins 


Geo. Lawrence 


Lewis Daughtree 


Tho. Rogers 


Jn° Rogers 


Henry Core 


Edw d Cobb 


Richard Taylor 


Robt. Breever [Brewer?] 



Wm. Osburne 200 

Tho. Biswell 400 

Jn° Gatlin 200 

Rich d Folk 100 

Thomas Parker 100 

Peter Parker 140 

Wm. Parker 140 

Rich d Hine, Jun r 200 

Stephen Archer 200 

Charles Roades 800 

Henry Roades 100 

James Collings 300 

Henry Holland 400 

Wm. Kerle 325 

Joseph Holland 100 

Jn° Thomas Jun r 100 

Jn° Thomas 275 

Tho. Mason 350 

Edw d Mason 150 

Jn° Sanders 150 

Mich Brinkley 200 

James Moore 400 

Henry Blumpton 1500 

Jn° Symmons 100 

Jeremiah Edmunds 70 

John Gay 200 

Phillip Aylsberry 100 

James Copeland 390 

Jn° Brothers 460 

Rich d Creech 200 

Rich d Bond 90 

Tho. Handcock 30 

James Knott 1050 

Wm. Edwards 150 

Robert Elkes 175 

Edw d Price 140 

Jane Belson 100 

Wm. Staples 210 


Robt. Mountgomery 150 

John Moore 100 

Capt. Edm d Godwin 800 

Thomas Wakefield 150 

Godfry Hunt 360 

Henry Wilkinson 250 

Nich° Dixon 200 

Geo. Keeley 650 

Rich d Taylor 300 

Anne Coefield 300 

Joseph Hollyday 1000 

Mr. Jn° Braisseur 400 

Tho. Best 160 

Alex dr Campbell 500 

Capt. Charles Drury 570 

Tho. Drury 75 

Luke Shea 650 

John Babb 500 

Abraham Edwards 400 

Rich d Sanders 500 

Antho. Wallis 80 

Dan 11 Sullivan 100 

Joseph Ellis 290 

Nich°. Hunter 190 

Rich d Webb 200 

John Hare 190 

Christ Norfleet 400 

Jn° Heslop 148 

Francis Benton 200 

Capt. Wm. Sumner 275 

Eliz b Syrte 100 

Anne Hare 600 

Jn° Porter 450 

Edw d Welsh 106 

Jn° Winbourne 400 

Paul Pender 200 

Mich. Cowling 100 

John Cowling 100 


Rowland Gwyn 


Andrew Ross 


Jn° Ballard 


Benj a Montgomery 


Tho. Corbell 


Jn° Yates 


Jn° White 


Geo. White 


Jn° Bond 


Wm. Hay 


Henry Bowen 


Wm. Sevill 


Jn° Hambledon 


Robt. Jordan 


James Howard 


Ruth Coefield 


Jn° Chilcott 


Jn° Rutter 


Tho. Rutter 


Wm. Rutter 


Capt. Barnaby Kerney 


Tho. Cutchins 


Robt. Lawrence 


Sam 11 Cahoone 


Jn° lies 


Tho. Sawyer 


Wm. Outland 


Coll. Geo. Northworthy [Norsworthy] 


Coll. Tho. Godwin 


Caleb Taylor 


Tho. Carwell 


Rich d Bradley 


Jn° Corbin 


Wm. Sykes 


Maj r Tho. Jorden 


Rich d Lovegrove 


Tho. Davies 


Sam 11 Farmer 



Henry Bradley 500 

Jn° Clarke 25 

Margarett Jorden 200 

Wm. Elkes 100 

Humphrey Mires 150 

James Ward 100 

Widd° Hudnell 45 

Wm. Grandberry 300 

Izraell Shepherd 200 

Benj a Small 100 

Anne Granberry 75 

Charles Roberts 50 

Rich d Sclator 300 

Rob 1 Murrow 320 

Eliz b Peters 334 

Tho. Jones 200 

Eliz b Butler 200 

Coll. Sam 11 Bridger 500 

Jn° Larrance 100 

Tho. Jarnegan 165 

Tho. Jarnegan, Jun r 600 

Wm. Drury 80 

Wm. Butler 120 

Henry Jenkins 860 

Edw d Bathurst 250 

Tho. Houffler 200 

Edw d Streater 200 

Wm. Duffield 50 

Charles Tho Jun r 50 

Jn° Blessington 150 

Ursula Goodwin 100 

Tho. At well 440 

Wm. Peale 180 

John Lambkin 50 

James Murphree 160 

Rob* Peale 275 

John Peters 368 

James Peters 340 



John Wakefield 
Rich d Wynne 
James Lockhart 
John Keeton 

John Murrow 

Added to make up equll the last year 
list wch may be supposed to be held 
p p persons that have not made 











1 17224 



Persons living out of the County 

and other y* will not pay or give 

acct. viz* 

Capt. Thomas Lovett 

Capt. Jn° Wright 

Fra. Parker, Jun r 

Tho. Martin 

Jn° Wright 

Wm. Lapiter [Lassiter] 

Jn° Lapiter [Lassiter] 

Capt. Luke Haffield 

Mrs. Eliz b Swann 

Errors Excepted p me 

Henry Jenkins 

(To be continued) 



(Contributed by Charles E. Kemper, Staunton, Va.) 

[Mr. Kemper, the well-known authority on the history of 
the Valley of Virginia, has contributed a number of notes from 
the records of Augusta County and other sources, which treat 
of various phases of Valley history. They include notices of 
early maps, the Indians, the Indian Road, early settlements, 
military service of Augusta county men, &c] 

The Champlain Map, 1632. 

This map is based upon the expedition of Samuel Champlain 
into northwestern New York in 1609, and into Western New 
Yourk in 161 6. The map was made by Champlain in 1632 and 
appears in Volume 3, Documentary History of the State of 
New York (Albany 1850), facing the title page. 

In Champlain's report there is a "table of remarkable places" 
denoted by numbers, which are indicated by corresponding 
numbers on the map. 

No. 61 shows Jamestown, Va., and No. 58 shows the junc- 
tion of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers at the present 
Harpers Ferry in West Virginia and the sources of these rivers 
are clearly delineated. The Shenandoah Valley is shown to 
the southwest from Harpers Ferry, certainly to the present 
Port Republic in Rockingham County, Va. Since Champlain 
never visited Virginia in person, it seems almost certain that 
the Virginia section of this map was based upon the explora- 
tions of the Jesuit Missionaries who visited Jamestown, Va., 
at a considerable period before 1632, or upon the explorations 
of Missionaries of the same faith who accompanied expeditions 
of the Iroquois Indians of New York, who afterwards con- 


quered the Shenandoah Valley Indians about 1674. It will be 
observed that the sources of the James River in the Virginia 
Mountains are also clearly delineated upon this map. 

The Shenandoah River 

The Shenandoah River, whose course in part is so well 
and clearly delineated on the map of Louis Michell (see this 
Magazine, Jan., 1921), does not have its source near "Roanoke 
River", as stated in the letter of Governor Gooch (1729) which 
appears in the October Number, 1920, of this Magazine. 

Middle River has its source near Summerdean, Augusta 
county, Va., and it is the master stream of the Shenandoah 
system, a geological fact not generally known. In the last mile 
of its course, Middle River flows in a straight line almost due 
east, with very little fall. On the line between Augusta and 
Rockingham counties, it is joined by the North River, flowing 
almost due south, with considerable fall in the last two miles 
of its course. After the rivers join, the united streams are 
called North River, but its course is that of Middle River, 
almost due east to Port Republic. In times of great flood, 
North River, owing to its greater fall, flows directly across 
and dams up Middle River, which becomes a placid lake over 
the bottoms of the old Craig estate. At Port Republic in 
Rockingham County, Va., these united rivers are joined by 
South River and the south branch of the Shenandoah, the main 
river of the system, is formed, and its course is still that of 
Middle River, almost due east. Authorities differ as to the 
meaning of Shenandoah, but it is certain that the river was 
named by the Iroquois Indians of New York. 


The historians of the Valley who state without giving au- 
thorities that the country was an Indian Hunting Ground when 


the first white settlements were made there have stated the 
fact correctly. 

On July 6, 1721, Sir William Keith, Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, and some of the Council of that Province, held a confer- 
ence with the Conestoga Indians and in addressing them used 
this language: "The Governor of Virginia expects that you 
will not hunt within the great mountains on the other side of 
Potowmeck (Potomac) River, being it is a small tract of 
land which he keeps for the Virginia Indians to hunt in". 

Governor Keith had just returned from a conference with 
Gov. Spottswood at Williamsburg, Va., and it is clear that the 
Valley, although a few small Indian settlements existed here 
and there, was in 172 1, a hunting ground reserved for the In- 
dians of Eastern Virginia. See Minutes of the Provincial 
Council of Pennsylvania, Vol. 3, page 118. 

Although it is quite certain that the Five Nations of Indians 
of New York completed their conquest of the Shenandoah Val- 
ley Indians about 1674, it is equally certain that a few Indians 
continued to reside permanently in the Valley after that period. 

Louis Michell, the Swiss Explorer, found some Indians liv- 
ing in the Valley in 1706-7, as shown in the January number, 
192 1, of this Magazine. 

In 1 701, the Ganawese and Shawnee Indians were living in 
the region near the head of the Potomac. See Minutes of the 
Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, Vol. 2, page 9. 

Kercheval states in his "History of the Valley" that in 1729 
the Senedo Indians were living in the general neighborhood of 
present Riverton and Front Royal, in the present county of 
Warren, Virginia. 

Dr. W. J. Hinkie, in his admirable article, "The German 
Element in Madison County, Va.," which is printed in Volume 
14 of this Magazine, shows that some Indians resided forty 
miles to the west of the German settlement made in Madison 
county, Va., in 1725. This was in 1728, and the Indian settle- 
ment mentioned in Dr. Hinkie's article was evidently in the 
present county of Page, southwest of Luray. 

This is also confirmed by Kercheval, who gives an interesting 


account of the Indian mounds in Page county, and still further 
and scientifically confirmed by Fowke in his "Archaeological 
Researches in Potomac Valley", who gives a full account of his 
explorations of various large Indian mounds in the present 
county of Page, Va. 

As Michell did not go further to the southwest than present 
Edinburg, in the present Shenandoah county, Virginia, the In- 
dians he met with were evidently the Senedo tribes mentioned 
by Kercheval. It may therefore be concluded that in addition 
to the Shawnee settlement at present Winchester, Va., in 173 1, 
when the whites first settled in that locality, there were also 
permanent Indian settlements in the sections mentioned above 
as late as 1728-30. There is also some evidence tending to 
show that before the permanent removal of the Tuscarora 
Indians to New York in 17 14, a portion of the tribe who fled 
northward after their overthrow at the Battle of Snow Hill, 
North Carolina, in 1713, resided for a time in the northern end 
of the Valley, an echo of which is still to be found in the name, 
Tuscarora Creek, a stream in the present county of Berkeley, 
West Virginia. 

Before the Treaty of Albany (1722), the eastern portion of 
Virginia was frequently the scene of murders and depreda- 
tions committed by the Five Nation Indians of New York. 

In 1717, Fort Christiania in present Brunswick county was 
attacked by a party of eighteen Indians belonging to these 
tribes, who killed six men on the spot and captured two 
others — a man and a woman. At that time, some of the Vir- 
ginia Saponi Indians were domiciled at this fort and the per- 
sons killed and captured doubtless belonged to that tribe. 

The question has been raised as to whether the first settlers at James- 
town built log cabins, because it was a form of house unfamiliar to 
Englishmen. Whatever may be the truth as to this, there is no doubt 
that at a very early date the cabin became almost universally the home 
of the pioneers, and continued to be used for various purposes long 
after the pioneer period. It was so familiar that it became known as 
the "Virginia house". There were various types of log cabins which 
were used throughout the Colony, and the types were but little changed 
at a later period. The house drawn by D. H. Strother {Porte Crayon) 
was doubtless much like the crude buildings erected by many of the 
first settlers, when the early Moravian missionaries found in them only 
corn bread and bear meat. 

A Hunter's Cabin 

From Porte Crayon's 

Virginia Illustrated. 

From History of the 

Middle Neiv River Settlements. 

Courtesy of 

D. C. Johnston. 

Types of Pioneer Cabins 


In 1712 or 13, Major Joshua Wynne was killed by Indians 
supposed to be of the Five Nations. 

In 1713, a negro belonging to Capt. Robert Hicks was killed 
by Indians supposed to belong to the Five Nation. 

In 1713 a party belonging to the Five Nations attacked and 
plundered a company of Virginia traders at the Enoe River. 

Minutes of Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, Volume 3, 
page 11. 

Henry Gannett in his "Gazeteer of Virginia" (U. S. Geolo- 
gical Survey, 1904), does not give the Enoe River, but it is 
probably a small tributary of the Roanoke River in Halifax, 
Brunswick or Pittsylvania county, Va. 

The Indian Road. 

The Court orders, deeds and survey books of Augusta 
county, Virginia, contain many references to the Indian Road, 
but they are indefinite and the exact location of the road is left 
uncertain. The road in question was the war-path of the 
Iroquois Indians in their incursions against the Catawba In- 
dians of Western North Carolina. 

The general direction of this road is given in Morgan's 
"League of the Iroquois," a very rare work, a copy of which is 
filed in the Library of Congress. This road or path as de- 
scribed in the work mentioned started in Central New York, 
which was the home of the Iroquois Tribes. It came down 
the eastern branch of the Susquehannah River to a point near 
present Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. From this point, it pro- 
ceeded in a westerly direction until the Cumberland Valley in 
Pennsylvania was reached, and down that Valley to present 
Williamsport, Maryland, where it crossed to Potomac River. 
From Williamsport, the road came on to the present City of 
Winchester, Virginia. A short distance southwest of Win- 
chester the road separated and one branch went over to the 
present Front Royal, Warren County, Va., and then up the 
south or main River of Shenandoah, passing present Luray 


in Page county, Va., and Port Republic in the present county 
of Rockingham. 

The main road continued up the Valley, following closely 
the line of the present Valley Turnpike until a point at or 
near Lacy Spring in the present county of Rockingham was 
reached. There the road turned to the left and the present 
Keezletown Road in Rockingham county was the route, pass- 
ing through the villages of Keezletown and Cross Keys. About 
three and one-half miles southwest of Cross Keys the road 
again turned to the left and the present road leading to Beard's 
Ford was followed. The road crossed North River at Beard's 
Ford; Middle River just below Mt. Meridian in Augusta 
county, Va., and then the present road from Mt. Meridian was 
followed to a point about two and one-half miles southwest of 
New Hope, Va. Again the road turned to the left and the 
present road passing through the villages of Hermitage and 
Fishersville, in Augusta county, Va., became the route. From 
the place last named, the road led past Tinkling Spring Church 
to the Valley of the South River, where the two roads or trails 
again united. The road went up the South River in Augusta 
county, Va., passed over into the Valley of the South River 
in Rockbridge county and down that valley to the James River. 
The road also passed through present Botetourt and Roanoke 
counties, crossed the Blue Ridge through the water gap of the 
Roanoke River, and leaving Henry county, Va., to the left 
finally reached the Catawba Towns in Western North Carolina. 

Deeds from the Craigs, Crawfords and other families prior 
to the Revolution who lived in the vicinity of Mt. Meridian, 
Va., which are recorded at Staunton, refer to the Indian Road. 

In 1772, James Kerr entered 400 acres of land. His home 
was near the present Village of New Hope, and Round Hill 
and the Indian Road are both mentioned by Thomas Lewis 
in his entry book. 

Round Hill is today the most prominent natural object in 
New Hope, Va. 

The foregoing describes with accuracy the old Indian Road 
through Virginia; but changes in the road were made several 




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From West Virginia 

Historical Magazine. 



■ i '■■■ k 

Types of Pioneer Cabins 


times by the Indians. The Governors of Pennsylvania, Mary- 
land and Virginia had a conference with the Six Nations of 
New York at Lancaster, Pa., June 22 t 1744, which continued 
until July 4, 1744. Apparently before the treaty of Albany 
made by Governor Spots wood with the Five Nations in 1722 
the road of the Iroquois to the South was on the Eastern side 
of the Blue Ridge. The Indians stated at the Lancaster Con- 
ference that at the request of the Governor of New York they 
had changed the route in order to comply with Governor Spots- 
wood "a good deal more to the West". They also stated that 
the whites did not comply with the agreement as to the road, 
"but came and lived on our side of the Hill", meaning the 
Blue Ridge. They also stated that they encountered difficul- 
ties with the whites with reference to the "new road", and had 
again changed it to the west, and that it was then at the foot 
of the Great Mountains and that they could not locate it farther 
to the west because "the country was absolutely impassable to 
man or beast". This shows that the Indian Road in 1744 was 
at the eastern foot of the Alleghany or North Mountains. They 
wanted the use of the old road, the course of which is described 
in the note and kind treatment on the part of the people who 
lived on it and which was guaranteed to them by the Virginia 
Commissioners at the Treaty of Lancaster, 1744. See Colden's 
History of the Five Nations, pp. 15 1-2, &c. 

Parkman, in his Conspiracy of Pontiac, Vol. I, p. 7, gives 
the synonymous names for the Five Nations. Among them 
for the Senecas he gives Chenandoanes and Jenantowanos. The 
name first stated is a closer approximation to Shenandoah than 
many of the English variants of the name of that river. In a 
deed recorded at Staunton, Va., land is described as lying on 
the "north branch of the Jenantowano run", and this land is on 
the north river of the Shenandoah, the stream which for many 
miles is the dividing line between Rockingham and Augusta 
counties, Virginia. This deed was executed June 4, 1760, and 
clearly shows the visits of the Senecas to the Valley of Virginia 
after the settlement of the country by the white race. 

420 virginia historical magazine 

Early Settlements in the Valley. 

There is some evidence tending to show that white settle- 
ments existed in the Shenandoah Valley prior to 1717. On 
July 18, 1717, Sir William Keith, Lieutenant-Governor of 
Pennsylvania, and a number of the Council of that Colony, 
held a conference at Conestoga, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, with the Mingo or Conestoga Indians of that province, 
the substance of which was as follows: The Indians desired 
to know what "Christians were settled in the woods behind 
Virginia and Carolina". (Writer's italic). To this the Gov- 
ernor replied that they (the Indians) had full knowledge of 
the settlements in Maryland, Virginia and Carolina; that these 
settlements had nations of Indians under their protection to 
whom they furnished goods, and these settlers in turn were 
furnished with merchandise by their respective Governments. 
(Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, Volume 
3. page 8). 

The question turns upon the fair construction to be placed 
upon the language of the Indians as reported. "Behind the 
woods" clearly implies remoteness from the older permanent 
settlements ; and, since the "woods" in Eastern Virginia then 
as now extended to the top of the Blue Ridge, there is a 
strong historical probability that white settlements had been 
made in the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley prior to 

The evidence is clear that this section was fairly well known 
to the people of Virginia and Maryland as early as 1712; that 
the county was almost entirely free from Indian inhabitants, 
and consequently the inducements to settle in this fertile sec- 
tion were very strong. 

As early as 1710-12 German imigrants had settled in the 

The Laird house, 3 miles east of Keezleton and 8 miles east of Har- 
risonburg, Rockingham county. The land was granted to Henry Winns, 
of Orange county, 1747, and conveyed to James Laird, Sr., in 1760. 

The cabin on the left (in the upper picture) is the. "improvement 
cabin", built in 1744 or 1745 to obtain the patent. The second house 
was built by James Laird, Sr., in 1761 or 1762. 

Types of Valley Houses 


Monacacy Valley around the site of present Frederick, Mary- 
land. (See the Centenary Sermon of Rev. Zacharias, 1847; 
Butler's History of Maryland, pp. 51-52, 61-62). 

This settlement was evidently one of those concerning which 
the Indians made inquiry. The present site of Frederick, 
Maryland, was then certainly "Behind the woods" — far to the 
rear of the older settlements as they then existed in that colony, 
and it was also on the west side of the Catoctin Mountains ; and 
from that place it was only a short day's journey to the north- 
ern end of the Shenandoah Valley at the present Harper's 
Ferry, West Virginia. 

Again the question recurs : Did the language of the Indians 
"Behind the woods" mean west of the Blue Ridge in Virginia ? 
Rev. James R. Graham, D. D., of Winchester, Va., in his valu- 
able work, "The Planting of Presbyterianism in the Lower 
Shenandoah Valley" (1904), quoting from the records of the 
Synod of Philadelphia, shows that there was a settlement of 
Presbyterians "at Potomac" in Virginia in 1719, but authori- 
ties differ as to the site of this place. Dr. Graham strongly 
holds the view that Shepherdstown, West Virginia, was the 
place, and his conclusion is strengthened by the Council Order 

There were only two places in Virginia which at that time, 
171 7, correspond in any degree to the description of these 
settlements as given by the Indians. These were Fort Ger- 
manna, then in Essex County, and Fort Christiania, in the 
present county of Brunswick. Both of these places were cer- 
tainly in the woods, but in no sense "Behind the woods", be- 
cause unbroken forest extended in their rear to the top of the 
Blue Ridge. 

The fact that there was a settlement at Frederick, Maryland, 
as early as 17 12 gives almost historical certainty to the con- 
clusion that a permanent settlement of whites had been made 
in the northern portion of the Shenandoah Valley prior to 171 7. 
White men were then visiting the South Branch Valley of the 
Potomac in numbers at that time, at least thirty miles west of 
Shepherdstown, West Virginia; the county was well known 


and all the evidence tends strongly to indicate that the northern 
end of the Shenandoah Valley contained one or more perma- 
nent white settlements as early as 1717. 

This note is written with reserve, and the reader will so 
understand. It is prepared with the hope that some investiga- 
tor of the Maryland and Virginia records may find evidence to 
make this historical probability a certain fact. 


COURT, 1622-1629 

(From the originals in the Library of Congress) 


A Court at James Citty the 11 th ffebruary 1627 


Capt ffrancis West Esq 1 " Gouerno 1 " 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker. 

Whereas the Lady Yeardley requested the Court that some 
good order might be taken concerning the estate of South- 
ampton Hundred, 1 it is thought fitt by this Court that manadg- 
ing of that businesse be refered more particularly unto M r 
Secretary, & doe order that he doe w th the first conveniency 
present to y e Court a perfect list of all the Cattle & such other 
profitts & rents of lands & houses as are belonging to them 
either in hogg Hand or elsewhere & doe require that the same 
be quarterly done & recorded: And further that there be a 
letter written concerning y e same unto y e Company of South- 
ampton Hundred. 

1 Southampton Hundred extended from Weyanoke on the James to 
and along the Chickahominy. This tract of land had belonged chiefly 
to Sir Thomas Smith and had been called Smith's Hundred, but on 
May 17, 1620, Smith sold his interest and the place was thereafter 
named Southampton Hundred. The name was derived from Henry 
Wriothsley, Earl of Southampton, Shakespeare's friend and one of the 
most influential and liberal members of the Virginia Company. After 
Massacre of 1622, the settlers, stock, &c, on this plantation were 
removed to Hog Island on James River. 


A Court at James Citty the 12 th ffebruary 1627 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno r &c. 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker. 

Capt frrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

The L'ds letters concerning M r George Sandys being read, 
it was ordered that we should writte unto their Hon rs , & more 
especially & particularly informe their L'pps of the proceed- 
ings therein. 

It was ordered that there should be a proclamation pub- 
lished ag st marrying w th out licenses under y e Governo rs hand, 
or being three times asked in the Church. 

Likewise that there should be a proclamation for the make- 
ing of good Tobacco, to leave few leaves on a stalke, to pro- 
vide store of houseroome, & to Com'aund the planting of great 
store of corne & the weeding of the same. 

It was ordered that a Com'ission of Administration on the 
estate of Henry Gainy 2 late of Elizabeth Citty deceased, should 
be graunted unto Augustine Leake of the same place gent. 

It is ordered that Thomas de lamaio 1 " shall allow unto James 
Parker forty weight of Tobacco for a man Servant, w ch he 
the said Parker brought over in the shipp Ye Guift for the 
said De lamaio 1 ", the said servant dyeing soone after his arrivall 
in the custody of y e said De lamaio r , And all account cleared 
& even betwixt them. 

2 Notes on Henry Gainy have appeared in this Magazine. At the 
Census of 1624-5, Augustine Leake, who had come in the Bona Nova, 
and Winifred his wife, who had come in the George in 1623, lived at 
Martins Hundred. 


A Court at James Citty the 27 th of ffebruary 1627, 


Capt ffrancis West esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Smyth 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker. 

The Letter from his most Excellent Ma tie being read at this 
Court, concerning divers particulers about our Tobacco & 
about some other speciall Staple Com'odities to be raised as 
Iron, Pitch & tarr, salt &c. & divers other Instructions from 
S r Robert Heath his Ma ties Atturny Generall, All w ch being 
taken into serious consideration, it was ordered & appointed 
that the shipps w ch are now ready to depart, should deliev'r in 
the Invoices of their Laden of Tobacco before they goe, & to 
give in securitie that they land the same at y e Port of London : 
And that y e shipps may not be stayed longer then is necessary, 
it was thought fitt that their should be a letter written unto y e 
Atturny Generall to advertise him hat y e letter from y e King 
came not to our sight untill it was to late to observe those In- 
structions w ch concerne Tob[acco] and particularly: But that 
[according] unto his Ma ties Com'aund, are resolved that there 
shall be a Generall Assembly called & sum'oned to be here at 
James Citty uppon y e tenth of March to consult & advise con- 
cerning the severall parts & points of his Ma ties letter, soe that 
by Capt Preen or some other shipps, w ch as yet are not ready, 
wee intend touching every particuler to answere to the same. 

The 4 th March 1627 
depositions taken by M r Secretary by the 
appointm* of y e Governor. 
Will'm Southerey Chirurgion sworne & examined concern- 
ing the will & Testament of Samuell Gilpin, deceased, on the 
sea in the shipp y e Samuell in her voiadge hitherward, sayth 
that he this deponent was present, when the said Samuell Gil- 
pin set his marke unto y e said Will & sealed the same, & did 
deliev'r it as his Will & Testam* & further sayth that he was in 


perfect sence & memory at y e makeing thereof, but because of 
a shaking he had in his hand he did not writte his name there- 

Thomas Gregory sworne & examined concerning y e Will & 
Testam* of Samuell Gilpin deceased on the seas in the shipp 
the Samuell in her voiadge hitherward as afore sayd, sayth 
that he this examinate was present when the said Samuell Gil- 
pin signed sealed & delievr'd the same as his Will & Tetsam*. 

Will'm Southere Chirurgion sworne & examined sayth he 
was present when Marmion Leake 3 deceased signed sealed & 
delievred the Will that is now produced, as his Testam' 1 at 
[and] that he the said Marmion was in perfect sense at y e 
makeing thereof. 

Robert Eyre gent sworne & examined concerning y e Will of 
Marmion Leake, sayth as much as Will'm Southeree hath 

Ex 1 W: Claybourne 

A Court at James Citty the 24 th March 1628 [1627] present 
Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Smyth 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker 
M r ffarrar. 
At this Court M rs Alice Pearle sworne & examined sayth that 
y e Inventory now produced in Court is a full true & perfect 
Inventory of y e whole estate of her late husband Lodowicke 
Pearle deceased. 

At this Court ffrancis Persey, Widdow, sworne & examined 
sayth, that y e Inventory by her now produced is a full true & 
perfect Inventory of y e whole estate of her late husband Abra- 
ham Persey Esq 1 " deceased. 

M r Dowglas Captain of y e Catt acknowledged that one hhd 
of sacke sent by M r Jennings unto S r George Yeardley de- 

8 Marmion Leake apparently died at sea on his way to Virginia. 


ceased, was by him spent in his voiadge hitherward for the 
reliefe of sicke people. Thereuppon Court hath ordered that 
y e said Douglas shall make satisfaction for the said hhd of 
sacke unto y e Lady Yeardley. 

A Court at James Citty the 28 th March 1628 


Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1, &c. 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Smyth 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker. 
At this Court in a controversy between M r John Gill, Mar- 
chant & John Jaxson, it was agreed that the said Jaxson should 
pay unto y e said John Gill the next yeare one hundred waight 
of Tobacco, being for one gunsmyth w ch the said Gill delivered 
about this time twelvemonth. 

A Court at James Citty the 29 th of March 1628, 


Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Smyth 
Capt Mathewes 
Capt Tucker 
M r ffarrar. 
Richard Bennet 5 aged 20 yeares sworne & exaimned sayth 
that Capt Preen or his Assignes receaved satisfaction of M r 
Edward Bennet for the passage of two men in y e Hopewell 
1623 to be delivred in Virginia. 

ffrancis Chamberlaine by his petition made to the board had 
leave graunted to plant at Accawmacke. 

5 This is the first appearance of Richard Bennett, so long prominent 
as Governor, &c. He states at another court that he was nephew of 
Edward Bennett. The earlier Richard Bennett, who died, was brother 
of Edward. 


ffrancis Moynes purser of the shipp y e Samuell sworne & 
examined sayth that one Thomas Day, was shipped aboard y e 
Indeavo 1 * uppon M r Capps his account, & that he together w tb 
the purser of y e Indeavo r went to demaund passadge for him 
of M r Capps, w ch he refused to pay, affirming that Capt Bul- 
locke did gieve him his passage for his labor at sea, he being a 
Seaman ; but Capt Stone & Capt Preene would not allowe of it, 
And further sayth that y e said Capt Stone did detaine y e said 
Capt Thomas Day at S' Christophers contrary to Capps his 

Thomas Thorowgood sworne & examined sayth that being 
sent by his kinsman Adam Thorowgood 4 to question Mr. 
Capps for calling him rogue & theefe, & sayeing that he hath 
receaved theefe stollen goods, & that he would have him & 
his mate burned & marked in y e shoulder: To w ch Mr Capps 
answered I sayd it & I will doe it if y e law will give me leave. 

Steven Reeds age 21 yeares sworne & examined sayth that 
before the foresaid Thomas Thorowgood came to question Mr 
Capps he heard him call Mr Adam Thorowgood theefe & rogue. 
& allsoe heard him answere the said Tho: Thorowgood in y e 
same words above mentioned. 

Whereuppon the Court Ordered that Mr Capps should ac- 
knowledge openly in Court that he had done Mr. Thorowgood 
wronge & that he was sorry for it, w ch he did accordingly. 

A Court at James Citty the 31 th March I26\8\ 


Capt ffrancis West Esq r 

Docto r Pott 
Capt Mathewes 
Mr Claybourne 
Capt Tucker. 
At this time Mr Edward Bennet made petition to the Court 
to enter a suite of 400 1 Sterling ag st the estate of Capt Ralfe 
Hamor deceased, Whereuppon it was graunted that 4000 1 of 

4 Adam Thoroughgood came to Virginia in 1621. For notice of him 
and his descendants see this Magazine II, 414-418; V, 89; XXVI, 


Tobacco belonging to y e said estate & remaineing in the hands 
of Mr George Menefy, Marchant, by Order of this Court, 
should now againe by warrant be attached & stayed, soe that 
the said Mr Bennet may bring in his proofes of the said debt, 
provided that hee doe it before the 25 th of March 1629. 

At the same time it was in like manner ordered concerning 
a debt of io 1 sterling at the suite of Capt Tucker in the behalfe 
of Morris Thomson. 

At the same time Mr Edward Bennet obtained an attachm* 
in like manner as aforesaid of one Thowsand waight of To- 
bacco' remaineing in the hands of Mr George Menefy & belong- 
ing unto the estate of George Harrison deceased, & now unto 
his brother James Harrison of London his executo 1- , in part of 
the debt of two hundred pounds sterling. 

Whereas it appeareth to the Court by one noate under the 
hand of Capt John Preene bearing date the 16 th of October 
1623, that he receaved of Mr Richard Bennet deceased — n 1 — 
12 s — 00, for y e passage of two men to be brought to Virginia in 
the Hopewell, & whereas it was proved that the said men were 
never delivered, but the one put on shoare in the Downes & the 
other left at Plymouth & that notw tb standing there hath noe 
satisfaction been made for the same hithertoo, The Court hath 
ordered (in reguard the said Capt Preen hath refused to ap- 
peare to answere personally, & for that nothing appeareth to 
the contrary in this cause) that the said Capt Preen shall now 
deliver unto Mr Edward Bennet two men servants w th one 
suite of apparell convenient for each of them or 600 1 of To- 
bacco for them & two hundred waight of Tobacco more for 
damadge & losse in the forbearance for soe longe time. 

Whereas there were certaine goods belonging unto Mr Ed- 
ward Bennet laden aboard y e Indeavo r & afterwards put aboard 
the Samuell to be brought hither, & for that it doth appeare to 
the Court that two barrells of raisons .... of y e said goods 
were very ill conditioned at the landing here, & that the heads 
of the caske were open in the hold, and 360 1 of the said raisons 
spoiled, The Court hath Ordered that Capt Preen being part 
owner of the said shipp the Indeavo 1- , & haveing receaved the 
fraight f [or] the said goods in England, & prof est that him- 


selfe had onely to doe for both the said shipp & the Samuell, & 
by taking the goods out of the Indeavo r into y e Samuell was y e 
cause why shee altered her voiadge, w cb otherwise must neces- 
sarily have proceeded to come hither shall make satisfaction 
for the spoile of the said goods & pay unto Mr Edward Ben- 
net two hundred waight of Tobacco, and y e rather because by 
their stay in y e West Indyes the market for the same was lost 
in great part. 

It is ordered that Mr Menefy shall pay unto Mr Sweet as 
being Administrator unto Thomas Hebb deceased one hundred 
& fifty waight of Tobacco, out of the estate of Capt Ralfe 
Hamo r w ch remaines in his hands. 

Whereas it appeareth to the Court that Edward Hurd of 
London Ironmonger did lode certaine goods aboard the Sam- 
uell at the beginning of her voiadge & paid y e fraight but 
afterwards 5 hhds of the same were put aboard y e Indeavo r of 
London & carryed into y e West Indies, w ch shipp there chaung- 
ing her voiadge & goeing for England & the goods put aboard 
the Samuell & brought to Virginia: Now three hhds of meale 
are found to be wanting w ch should have been delivered to 
Thomas Harwood gent. And therefore the Court takeing the 
same into consideration hath ordered that Capt Preen being 
part Owner & for divers other considerations knowne to the 
Court shall deliver unto y e said Mr Harwood three hhds of 
meale, or else 240 1 of Tobacco, & whereas it is alledged to y e 
Court that Capt Stone hath detained the said three hhds of 
meale in y e West Indies, and for that Capt Preen hath goods 
in his hands belonging unto Capt Stone, it is thought good 
that the said Capt Preen shall detaine soe much of y e same 
goods in his hands as may make him satisfaction if it appeare 
that Capt Stone detained the said meale Or to recover the same 
uppon those who have been faulty therein. 

It is Ordered that Will'm JEllet shalbe free from y e service 
of Jonas Stockdon, Minister, unto whom he hath wrongfully 
been bound for that y e contrary appeareth by his Indenture 
that is come out of England. 

(To be continued) 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worplee Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. D. 20, England. 


Dame Jane Skipwith of Cotes co. Leic. widow 

Will dat. 20 Oct. 1629. Whereas heretofore I purchased 
of my brother John Welby, 9 acres in Luttongate, in p'rsh. of 
St Edmunds in Sutton Lincolnshire, now in occupation of 
Michael Fisher, 12 acres in p'rsh. of Godney, Lines, called 
Swanpitt Dole, manor of Minnforth ( ?Mumforth) in Sut- 
ton, Lines., also £4.1.9 payable to sd. manor, all same to my 
sd. brother John Welby in fee, paying to my nephew Vincent 
Welby £50 & to Richard Roberts 40s. a year for life and to 
Margery Smith 40s. a year for life. To my brother Sir Wil- 
Jiam Welby, knight, £40 etc. To my nephew William W., son 
of my sd. brother Sir W. W. £20. To my nephew William 
Welby's wife £10. To my nephew Vincent Welby £60 above 
the £50 my brother John is to pay him. To my nephew Philip 
Welby £10. To my cousin John Gamble £20. Ty my cousin 
William Gamble £10. To my cousin Matthew Gamble £10. 
To my cousin Margaret Browne £30 Etc. To my neice Susan 
Joslyn £20 etc., the picture of Sir William Werby her father. 
To my cousin Susan Locke her dau'r. £20. To my cousin 
Francis Locke £10. To my nephew Wimberley 40s. To my 
neice Elizabeth Wimberley £10. To my nepehew John Wim- 
berley 40s. To my neice Frances Wimberley £20 etc. To my 
neice Martha Welby £20. To my neice Anne Welby £20. To 
my brother Richard Welby £50. To my nephew Adlord Wel- 
by £5. To my nephew Richard Welby £13.6.8. To my 
nephew John Welby £13.6.8. To my nephew Edward Welby 


£13.6.8. To my neice Susan West £20. To my neice Jane 
Welby £200 etc. To my neice Dorothy Welby £10. To my 
neice Elizabeth Welby £10. To my brother John Welby's 
wife £13.6.8. To my nephew William Welby, son of my sd. 
brother John W. £10. To my nephew William Welby's wife, 
silver & £10. To my neice Cassandra Welby £10. To my 
neice Elizabeth Welby dau'r. of my sd. brother John W. £10. 
To my neice Jane Welby, dau'r. of my sd. brother John W. 
£10. To my nephew Peter Ashton £50 & cushions & couch he 
gave me. To my nephew Peter Ashton's wife £10 etc. To 
my cousin Thomas Ashton £20. To my cousin Peter Ashton 
£10. To my cousin James Ashton £10. To my cousin John 
Ashton £10. To my cousin Jane Ashton £10. To my nephew 
Edmund Ashton £20 etc. To his wife, two kine, etc. To my 
cousin Peter Ashton son of my sd. nephew Edmund A. £10. 
To my nephew Walter Ashton £10 & to his wife £10 etc. To 
my cousin Peter Ashton son of my sd. nephew Walter A. £5. 
To my sister Bradshawe £40 etc., my book of gold which was 
my mother's. To my nephew John Bradshawe £10 if he pay 
me the £50 he owes me. To his wife £5 etc. To all of my 
nephew John Bradshawe's children £5. To my nephew Rob- 
bert Bradshawe's two children £5 a piece. To my neice Eliza- 
beth Bradshawe, 200 marks etc., a wrought waistcoat, my 
dau'r. Elizabeth Pate gave me. To my neice Margery Town- 
ley £20 etc. To my neice Mary Hixon £40 etc. & to her 
children £5 a piece. To my neice Anne Barnard £20 etc. To 
children of sd. A. Bernard £5. To my neice Alice Tickle £20 
etc. To my brother Blewitt £20. To my sister Blewitt £20 
etc. To my nephew John Blewitt £10. To my neice Eliza- 
beth Marrowe £10. To my nephew Ives £5. To my neice 
Bridget Ives £20 etc. & to her children £5 each. To my neice 
Isabel Garsye £20. To my neice Susan Blewitt £20. To my 
neice Katherine Blewitt £20. To my neice Jane Blewitt £20. 
To my nephew Henry Ashhurst £30. To my neice Cassan- 
dra Ashhurst £30 etc. To my cousin William Ashhurst £20. 
To my cousin John Ashhurst £13.6.8. To my cousin Henry 
Ashhurst £10. To my cousin Anne Ashhurst £15. To my 
cousin Margaret Ashhurst £15. To my cousin Mary Ashhurst 


£15. To my cousin Francis Ashhurst £10. To my cousin 
Ricard Aprice £10 & to his wife, weatherbed etc. To my 
cousin Jerome Aprice 40s. & to his wife 40s. To my cousin 
Symon Aprice £10. To the children of my uncle Edmund 
Aprice (except Priscilla) £5. To sd. Priscilla 40s. To Mar- 
garet Butler £10. Whereas my son Sir Henry Skipwith owes 
me £200, he to have same. To him meadow I took of the 
Earl of Huntingdon, except parcel of same in possession of 
Clement Thompson. To my dau'r. the Lady Skipwith £20 
etc. To William Skipwith son of sd. Sir Henry S. £5. To 
Henry Skipwith, son of sd. Sir Henry S. £20. To Thomas 
Skipwith son of sd. Sir Henry £10. To Grey Skipwith £10. 
To Elizabeth Skipwith dau'r. of sd. Sir Henry, £10 etc. To 
Diana Skipwith £10, etc. To Anne Skipwith £10. To my 
son Thomas Skipwith, house & meadow in Loughborow which 
I bought of Mr. Lacock, with lease thereof. To sd. son 
Thomas's wife £40 etc. To Henry Skipwith, son of sd. 
Thomas S. £20. To John Skipwith son of sd. Thomas S. £20. 
To Susan Skipwith £20. To my son Edward Pate 40s. To 
my dau'r. Anne Pate £20 & her father's picture. To my son 
John Pate £5. To my godson Henry Pate £10. To Edward 
Pate £5. To Charles Pate £5. To Elizabeth Pate £5. To 
Amy Pate £5. To my brother Henry Skipwith 40s. To 
Jane Ridgley 40s. To my sister Bridget Askewe £5. To my 
son Charles Markham 40s. To my godson Thomas Saunders 
£5. To Partridge Ridgen £10. To Mr. John Porter, some- 
time my chaplain, £5. To Mr. Richard Palmer, now my chap- 
lain, £3. To my servant Thomas Somerfeild, cart, plough, 
etc. & £6. To his wife £5. To my servant Richard Haley 
£10 etc. To his wife 40s. etc. To Thomas White's wife 40s. 
etc. To Judith White 40s. etc. To my servant Clement 
Thompson £20, money he owes me, etc. To my goddau'r. 
Jane Thompson £5 etc. To my servant Edward Renolles £10 
etc. To John Fansley, money he owes me etc. To my ser- 
vant William Aaron £10. To my servant Bryan Medcalf £20 
etc. To my servant William Browne £10 etc. To my ser- 
vant Austin Mawe £5. To my servant William Shelington 
40s. To my servant Richard Pollard £3.6.8. To my ser- 


vant William Greene 40s. To my servant Dorothy Nicholls 
£100 etc. To Alice Lee 40s. To my servant Anne Clyffe £5 
etc. To my servant Anne Chrashawe 40s. To inhabitants of 
town of Whaplud £10, if they build again their market house. 
To poor of sd. town £13.6.8 & of town of horbridge £5, & 
of town of Floote 40s., of town of Moulton 20s. of town of 
Weston 20s., of town f Coates, £10, of town of Houghton £6, 
of town of Prestwold £6, of town of Burton £6, of town 
of Loughborough £6. £100 for tomb for my late husband 
Sir William S. & myself in Prestwold Church. £20 for tomb 
for John Walpole es. my first husband in Sleford Church. 
Rest of goods to ex'ors. My brother Sir William Welby, 
knight, my brother Richard Welby, my nephew Peter Ash- 
ton & my nephew Henry Ashhurst to be ex'ors. My son Sir 
Henry Skipwith & my nephews Bevill Wimberley to be super- 
visors. Witnesses : Edmond Ashton, Vincent Welby, Par- 
tridge Ridgon 

Proved & confirmed by Sentence 2 Dec 1630 by Sir William 
W r elby knight, Richard Welby, Peter Ashton & Henry Ash- 
hurst the ex'ors. 

Action between Richard Welby, Henry Ashhurst & Peter 
Ashton ex'ors. pltf's. & John Welby, brother of dec, William 
Welby son of a brother of dec, Richard Apprice & Joan Cat- 
lyn al's. Apprice, cousins of dec. defts. 

Sentence refers to Sir William Welby the brother & coex'or. 
as "niodo defunet ante testricem" but see Probate above. 
R. M. G. Scroope, 115. 

[The gentleman who made the abstract of this will said, with some 
justification, that when he finished he felt that Dame Jane was the Aunt 
of the world. It is an interesting will to Virginians. Not only was 
her husband ancestor of the Virginia Skipwiths, but it is possible, if 
her various relations could be studied, (they only could be in Eng- 
land) it would be found that she was the connecting link of a number 
of other Virginia families. 

We omit the earlier generations of the family, as easily found in 
books of English pedigrees, and begin (Nicholl's History of Leicester- 
shire, III, 368 &c.) with Sir John Skipwith, Knight, who married Kath- 
erine, daughter of Richward Fitzwilliams, and had issue: 

Sir William Skipwith, Knight, of Ormesby; who married, 1st, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir William Trewhit, Knight, and 2nd, Alice, daugh- 
ter of Sir Lionel Dimock, Knight. By his first marriage he had Sir 
William Skipwith, of Ormesby, Knight. 


By his second marriage he had: 2. Lionel, of Coulthorp; 3. John; 4. 
George of Cotsham; 5. Henry, of Keythorp, Esq., M. P. for Leicester 
1588, died 1588; married Jane, daughter of Francis Hall, of Grantham, 
co. Lincoln, and relict of Francis Neale, of Prestwould and Cotes, 
Leicestershire. She died 1598. 

Henry and Jane (Hall) Skipwith had a son, Sir William Skipwith, 
of Cotes, Knight, M. P. for Leicester 1604, died 1610. He married, 1st, 
Margaret, daughter of Roger Cave, of Stamford, co. Northants., who 
died 1594, and 2nd, Jane, daughter of John Roberts, and relict of John 
Markham. She was buried April 4, 1630. She was the testator above. 
The will shows she was married three times, the first to John Wal- 
pole, Esq. 

Sir William Skipwith had by his first marriage with Margaret Cave, 
a son; 

Sir Henry Skipwith, of Prestwould and Cotes, Knight and Baronet, 
who was born in 1589 and was living in 1652. On May 28, 1645, Sir 
Henry entertained Charles I at Cotes, and later he was fined £1114 
by the Parliamentary Sequestrators. He married first, Amy, daughter 
and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Kemp, of Kent, who died 1631, and 
second, Blandina, widow of John Acton, Citizen of London. 

Sir Henry and Amy (Kemp) Skipwith had issue: 1. William, died 
unmarried before his father; 2. Sir Henry, Bart, died unmarried soon 
after his father; 3. Thomas, died without issue; 4. Sir Grey, Bart, 
went to Virginia ; 5. Elizabeth ; 6. Diana ; 7. Ann. 

Diana Skipwith married Major Edward Dale, of Lancaster county, 
Virginia. There are in that county deeds signed by Edward Dale and 
Diana his wife. There is also on record in the same county, a note, 
dated Feb. 1, 1664, from Sir Grey Skipwith to Major Edward Dale, 
beginning "Brother Dale", giving "our love presented to y r selfe and 
my sister" and signed "your lo. brother". Edward Dale was clerk of 
Lancaster county 1655-1674, and a member of the House of Burgesses 
1677 and 1682. His will was dated Aug. 4, 1694, and proved March 
11, 1695. To be interred decently without any wine drinking. Lega- 
cies to grandsons Peter and Joseph Carter. "Imp'mis, if it shall please 
God that my now wife shall happen to outliye me, I give unto her for 
her maintenance during her life the whole profitt of my estate what- 
soever, some respect being alwaies had to her as an honest woman 
and gentlewoman and many years my wife" and after her death, 
estate to his grandchildren aforesaid, to granddaughters Elizabeth and 
Katherine Carter, grandson Edward Carter, and daughter Elizabeth 
now wife of William Rogers. His other daughter, Katherine Dale 
married Thomas Carter. Their descendants are given at length in the 
work of Dr. J. L. Miller. 

To return to Nicholls. He states that Sir Grey Skipwith had a son 
Sir William Skipwith, Bart., who resided in Virginia and died there 
in 1730, aged about 60 years. Sir William had a son Sir Grey, who 
had a son Sir Peyton, living in Virginia in 1771. Sir Grey Skipwith 
settled in that part of Lancaster county which was afterwards Middle- 
sex. No thorough examination of the records of these counties has been 
made to obtain all existing details in regard to the family, but some 
notes have been made. 

At December Court 1657, Grey Skipwith, gent., qualified as admin- 
istrator of Mr. Richard Payte (a reference to this will be made later). 
In Lancaster Sept. 12, 1660, it was ordered that Sir Grey Skipwith be 
paid 150 lbs. of tobacco for a gun "lost in the Accomac expedition, be- 


longing to his late predecessor Edmund Kemple, gent., deceased." Sir 
Grey had married Ann, widow of Edmund Kemp, of Lancaster county. 
In Middlesex county, July 6, 1674, an order of Court was made in 
favor of Dame Anne Skipwith in behalf of her son Sir William Skip- 
with, on her petition to the Court, Feb. 1672, vs. Mr. Wm. Dudley 
for a parcel of land. In 1680 another order was issued concerning 
Dame Anne Skipwith, mother and guardian of Sir William Skipwith. 
On Apr. 26, 1698, Sir William Skipwith was appointed first in the com- 
mission of the peace (presiding justice) of Middlesex and on June 1, 
1704, and May 27, 1725, he qualified as high sheriff of the county. On 
Feb. 6, 1732 "Grey Skipwith, gent." qualified as clerk of Middlesex. 

The Christ Church, Middlesex, parish register has the following 
entries : "The Lady Ann Skipwith of the parish" died March 5, 1685. 
The following entries of births of children of Sir William Sikpwith 
and "Lady Sarah Skipwith his wife" are entered ; Ann, born July 31, 
1703; Gray, born Aug. 25, 1705; William, baptized Sept. 15, 1707; 
Henry, born Oct. 22, 1714; Sarah, born April 11, 1717; Fuller (Fulwer) 
born March 19, 1719; Elizabeth, born March 27, 1723, died, May 11, 
1725. Lady Sarah Skipwith died Dec. 26, 1727. 

The will of Sir William Skipwith, dated July 19, 1734, and proved 
in Middlesex June 1, 1736, is printed in full in the William and Mary 
Quarterly, VII, 89-91. A genealogy of the family, though not a com- 
plete one, is in Slaughter's History of Bristol Parish. 

It will be noted that, in her will, Dame Jane makes bequests to Grey 
Skipwith, the emigrant to Virginia, and to his sister Diana. 

The will of Sir William Skipwith, of Coates (proved May 8, 161 1) 
was printed in this Magazine XXVII, 50. 

Dame Jane names in the will her daughter Elizabeth Pate, sons 
Edward and John Pate, and Henry, Edward, Charles, Elizabeth and 
Amy Pate. As noted above, in Dec. 1657, Grey Skipwith, qualified in 
Lancaster County, Va., as administrator of Richard Pate. This makes it 
strongly probable that this Richard Pate of Virginia, was of the same 
family as those named in Dame Jane Skipwith's will. Richard Pate 
was a member of the House of Burgesses for Gloucester county, July 
1653. On Dec. 12, 1650, he was granted 1141 acres in Gloucester 
county. He died in 1657 and his nephew John Pate qualified as ad- 
ministrator. This nephew was the heir. For what little is known of the 
family, see this Magazine XIX, 255 &c. 

The testator names her nephew Peter Ashton and his wife, her 
"cousin" Thomas Ashton, "cousins" Peter, Jane, John and James 
Ashton, nephew Edmund Ashton and his wife, cousin Peter Ashton, 
son of Edmund, nephew Walter Ashton and wife, Cousin Peter Ash- 
ton son of Walter. "Cousin" evidently meant child of a nephew. 

A Peter Ashton came to Virginia and named his estate on the 
Potomac, Chatterton. By his will, dated 1669, he bequeathed his prop- 
erty to his brother, James Ashton, of Kirby-Underwood, and John 
Ashton, of Louth, both in Lincolnshire. Each of those brothers came 
to Virginia and died here. 

The pedigree of the Ashtons of Spalding, Lincolnshire, descended 
from the Ashtons of Chaderton or Chatterton, Lancashire (Harlcian 
2086, a 1549) explains some of the ramifications of Dame Jane's kins- 
folk. Cassandra, daughter of William Apreece, of Washingley in 
Lutton, co. Huntingdon, married 1st John Roberts, of Wallaston, co. 
Northampton, Esq., (and was doubtless the mother of Dame Jane) ; 
2nd, Adlard Welby, of Gedney, Esq.; 3rd, Peter Ashton, of Holmear 


Grange, in Spalding, co. Lincoln; 4th, Robert Carr, of Aswarby, co. 
Lincoln, Esq. Dame Jane had, half brothers and sisters, Walter 
Ashton, of Spalding, Mary Ashton, married Hawes Apreece, and Isa- 
bella Ashton married John Bradshaw, of Bradshaw, co. Derby. Walter 
Ashton had three sons, the nephews named in the will, Peter, Edmund 
and Walter. Each had sons, the "cousins" named in the will. It is 
possible that a little investigation in England might identify the three 
brothers who came to Virginia. This detailed note has been given, 
in part, to show what information a single English will sometimes 

William Langhorn of Barnards Inn in Holburn, London, 
Will dat. 19 Aug. 1631. My leases (except lease of a little 
parcel of pasture lying next a little lane leading out of a 
street at Westend in Stevington als Stephenton, Beds, to a 
gate belonging to Alice Allen's close of the one part & a little 
Pightle belonging to my messuage or farm in S. afsd. next 
to a lane leading also out of sd. street to my sd. messuage on 
the other part) to be sold. To my dau'r. Ann L. £500. To 
my dau'r. Barbara L. £500. Whereas my son William in 
bound to pay my sd. dau'r. B. £100, this to be included. To 
my brother in law Mr. Jasper Yeardley & to my son in law 
Mr. William Barker a £20 Ann'y out of lands in Stevington 
afsd., to pay rest of legacies. To my son John L. my farm in 
Stevington afsd. for life, remainder to his sons successively in 
tail male, in default to his right heirs. Sd. excepted lease to 
him. I surrendered by Copyholds of manor of Stevington to 
Thomas Baringer, then the Elder, now dec. to use of Will, 
same to sd. son John L. to son William L. bason & ewer. To 
my dau'r. Elizabeth, piece of plate. To Susan dau'r. of my 
sister Elizabeth £5. To my grandson William Barker £10. 
To his sister Elizabeth my granddau'r. £10. My Precedent 
Books to my son John when admitted a Clerk in King's Bench 
Office. To my nephew William Langhorne, my brother Rob- 
ert's eldest son, 30s. for ring. I forgive my nephew John 
Langhorne what he owes me except £10. To poor of p'ish. 
of St. Mary Aldermary 40s, of Cheshunt 40s. Rest of per- 
sonal estate equally among all my children, William, Elizabeth, 
Anne, John & Barbara. Son William L. to be ex'or & sd. 
brother in law & son in law to be overseers. Dat. at end 8 


Jan. 1630. Cod. 17 Dec. 1631. To Margaret Taylor now 
wife of one Austed als. Austey 20s. Witnesses : Ro. Den- 
hurst, Will. Barker, Tho. Phippes. Prob. 10 Jan. i63i[-2] 
by William L. son & ex'or. Audley, 9. 

[William Langhorne, the testator, was evidently of the family to 
which belonged Mary, daughter of Needham Langhorne, of Newton 
Brownshall, Northamptonshire, who married Col. Robt. Townshend, 
of Stafford Co., Va. (He died 1675.) After her husband's death she 
lived for a time at Newton Brownshall, and there is recorded in Vir- 
ginia, a power of attorney from her dated at that place. In her admin- 
istration (1694) she is called "Maria Townshead, late of Newton or 
Higham Ferrars, co. Northampton, widow, late at Virginia, deceased." 

In the Visitation of Hertfordshire (Harleian Society) 1634 is a 
pedigree of "Langhorne of Bedford", which begins with William 
Langhorne of Bedford (born about 1560) whose eldest son was Robert 
— marriage and descendants not given — and whose second son was 
William, father of William Langhorne, of the Middle Temple, 1634, 
who married Lettice, daughter of Eustace Needham, of Little Wymond- 
ley, Hertfordshire. In the same Visitation is the pedigree of Need- 
ham, of Little Wymondley and Wilwyn, from which it appears that 
John Needham, of Wymondley (of the 3rd generation in the pedigree) 
had a daughter Margaret, who married Robert Langhorne, of Bed- 
ford, and a granddaughter, Lettice, as above, who married William 
Langhorne. Doubtless Needham Langhorne was a descendant of one 
of these two.] 



(From State Auditor's Papers, now in State Library.) 

(Continued from Vol. XXIX, 64) 
March 11 Ditto paid Doctor Pasture for 
Medicines & attendance in the 
Army 155 15 

Ditto paid Ro. Lawson for a Gun 
furnish'd the public service .... 5 

Ditto paid William Jones for 
Waggonage to Troops at Suf- 
folk 26 10 

Ditto paid Ephraim Crittendon for 

a Gun Barrel to the public. ... 10 

Ditto paid Benjamin Ramsay for a 

Gun f urnishe'd the Public 4 " 

Ditto paid John George Gibbs for